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6 Creativity Extra practice

6.1 Vocabulary

Environment
1 * Choose the correct option.
3 *** Make six sentences about the things we can and should do to
1 Ecologists want to bury / protect the environment. help the environment. Use these ideas to help you.
2 Switch off the lights to dump / save electricity.
We
3 Forest fires recycle / destroy a lot of trees. recycle / old newspapers /
shoul
4 Don’t leave rubbish on the floor! Place it / Pollute it in the correct bin. reduce / glass bottles / save / preserve /
d to ...
5 We have special rubbish bins for recycling / poisoning plastic, metal reuse ... electronic waste protect ...
...
and paper. / recyclable rubbish ...
6 I haven’t bought a plastic bag for months. When I go shopping, I reuse /
waste the ones I’ve already got. preserve/ rivers / wildlife / recycling / reusing
We
protect / the countryside / / switching off /
can ... by ...
2 ** Complete the sentences with the pairs of verbs. reduce ... beaches / not throwing away
bury/recycle poison/pollute preserve/save energy waste ... / not dumping ...

1 The local council needs to …………… money so that they can afford to
1 …………………………………………………………………………………
…………… the historical buildings in the area.
2 …………………………………………………………………………………
2 You can’t …………… a river with toxic chemicals because it’ll
3 …………………………………………………………………………………
…………… all the fish.
4 …………………………………………………………………………………
3 We shouldn’t …………… waste because it pollutes the soil and water.
5 …………………………………………………………………………………
We should …………… as much as possible.
6 …………………………………………………………………………………

Spectrum 3 Student’s Book Unit 6


6 Creativity Extra practice
6.2 Grammar

Present simple passive


1 * Choose the correct words.
3 *** Rewrite the sentences in the present simple passive. Use by if
1 Rubbish is / are often collected once a week. necessary.
2 Shoes is / are often made from leather.
We make thousands of things from trees.
3 How much food is wasted / wasting every day?
Thousands of things are made from trees.
4 Over 1 million tonnes of clothes are throw / thrown away every year.
First, experts cut down the trees.
5 The water is very clean. It isn't / doesn't polluted.
First, the trees are cut down by experts.
6 The bottles isn't / aren't buried. They are recycled.

1 Then, factory workers process the wood.


2 ** Complete the sentences with the present simple passive form of
the verbs. …………………………………………………………………………………

1 They make football shirts from plastic. 2 After that, they use it to make paper, pencils and wooden furniture.

Football shirts …………… …………… from plastic. …………………………………………………………………………………

2 We recycle our paper. 3 People use paper all over the world.

Our paper …………… …………… . …………………………………………………………………………………


3 They don’t wear their clothes more than once. 4 They make millions of pencils every year.
Their clothes …………… …………… …………… more than once. …………………………………………………………………………………
4 What material do they use to make boots? 5 They build 90% of American homes from wood.
What material …………… …………… to make boots? …………………………………………………………………………………
5 They don’t know the name of the shop owner.
The name of the shop owner …………… …………… …………… .
6 How many drink cans do they dump a day?
How many drink cans …………… …………… a day?

Spectrum 3 Student’s Book Unit 6


6 Creativity Extra practice
6.3 Vocabulary

Technology adjectives
1 * Complete the tables with adjectives. Add prefixes or endings where There’s a microwave oven in his student house. Microwaves are normally
needed to make pairs of opposites.
(3) …………… (use), (4) …………… (time) gadgets, but this one isn’t! It’s
convenient practical quality reliable time use
very old and (5) …………… (reliable), and sometimes it doesn’t work
when you press the button to switch it on. In fact, most of the time it's
Add a prefix
really (6) …………… (use)!
Positive (1)_________
Negative in inconvenient
3 *** Use the adjectives to write sentences about gadgets.
Positive high- (2)__________
Negative low- (3) _________ convenient my mobile phone / read and send emails
Positive (4)__________ It's convenient to use my mobile phone to read and send emails,
Negative im (5) __________ because I always have it with me.
Positive (6)__________
Negative un (7) __________
1 unreliable my internet connection / not work
Add an ending ……………………………………………………
Positive (8)__________ ful 2 time-saving this bus app / go to bus stop / when / bus coming
Negative (9)__________ less ……………………………………………………
Positive (10)__________ -saving 3 low-quality my new smartwatch / cheap / but
Negative (11)__________ -consuming ……………………………………………………
4 efficient battery my e-reader / last almost one month
2 ** Complete the text with positive or negative adjectives made from
the words in brackets. ……………………………………………………
My brother, Ben, is studying computer science at university. He’s got a 5 impractical Your camera / too big and heavy
really expensive, high-quality (quality) computer in his bedroom at home. ……………………………………………………
However, it’s (1) …………… (practical) to take it to classes with him, 6 useful my tablet / do all work on it
because it’s too big. Instead, he takes a small laptop, which is not so ……………………………………………………
(2) …………… (convenient) to move or carry.

Spectrum 3 Student’s Book Unit 6


6 Creativity Extra practice
6.4 Word builder

Compound nouns
Choose a word from box A and a word from box B to make a
compound noun for each definition.
A basketball football hockey ice spectator tennis

B court pitch skates sport stick team

1 Two or four players hit a ball with rackets here. …………… ……………
2 You need to wear these on your feet if you want to play ice hockey.
…………… ……………
3 A field where two teams kick a ball to score goals.
…………… ……………
4 You hit a hard ball with this long piece of wood. …………… ……………
5 An activity that people enjoy watching. …………… ……………
6 A group of five players who throw a ball into a high net.
…………… ……………

Spectrum 3 Student’s Book Unit 6


6 Creativity Extra practice
6.3 Grammar

Past simple passive


1 * Choose the correct option.
3 *** Rewrite the text in the past simple passive. Start each sentence
1 Plastic bags was / were invented in the 1930s. with the underlined words. Use by if necessary.
2 When was / were those office blocks built?
Spain won the FIFA World Cup in 2010 for the first time. They didn’t hold
3 Our rubbish wasn’t / weren’t collected this morning.
the tournament in Europe. They played the matches in nine host cities in
4 The river near my house was / were polluted last year.
South Africa. They played the final between Spain and the Netherlands in
5 How much of the forest was / were destroyed in the fire?
Johannesburg. Andrés Iniesta scored the only goal of the match. What
6 Mobile phones wasn’t / weren’t invented in the 1940s.
ball did they use for the final? They designed it differently. The players and
coaches didn’t like the new ball, however.
2 ** Write past simple passive sentences. Use by if necessary.
that app / design / a 14-year-old boy
……………………………………………………………………………………
That app was designed by a 14-year-old boy.
……………………………………………………………………………………
……………………………………………………………………………………
1 the first footballs / not manufacture / a machine
……………………………………………………………………………………
…………………………………………………………………………………
2 What / the first football shirts / make / from ? ……………………………………………………………………………………

………………………………………………………………………………… ……………………………………………………………………………………

3 Phone Fingers / not buy / many people / last year ……………………………………………………………………………………

…………………………………………………………………………………
4 €100 million / pay / for that footballer
…………………………………………………………………………………
5 How many mobile phones / throw away / last year ?
…………………………………………………………………………………

Spectrum 3 Student’s Book Unit 6