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PAPER-1 (B.E./B. TECH.

JEE (Main) 2019


COMPUTER BASED TEST (CBT)
Questions & Solutions
Date: 10 April, 2019 (SHIFT-2) | TIME: 02.30 P.M. to 05.30 P.M.

Duration: 3 Hours | Max. Marks: 360


SUBJECT: CHEMISTRY

_______________________________________________________________________________________________________________

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PART : CHEMISTRY
1. The correct order of the first ionization enthalpies is :
izFke vk;uu ,UFkSfYi;ksa dk lgh Øe gS %
(1) Ti < Mn < Ni < Zn (2) Zn < Ni < Mn < Ti (3) Ti < Mn < Zn < Ni (4) Mn < Ti < Zn < Ni
Ans. (1)
Sol. Increasing order of the first ionization enthalpies is : Ti < Mn < Ni < Zn
Element Ti Mn Ni Zn
Ionisation 656 717 736 906
enthalpy(KJ/mole)
Sol. izFke vk;uu ,UFkSfYi;ksa dk lgh Øe gS % Ti < Mn < Ni < Zn
rRo Ti Mn Ni Zn
vk;uu 656 717 736 906
,UFkSYih (KJ/mole)

2. The correct match between item-1 and item-2 is :


Item-1 Item-2
(a) High density polythene (i) Peroxide catalyst
(b) Polyacrylonitrile (ii) Condensation at high temperature & pressure
(c) Novolac (iii) Ziegler-Natta Catalyst
(d) Nylon 6 (iv) Acid or base catalyst
en-1 rFkk en-2 ds chp lgh lqesy gS %
en -1 en -2
(a) mPp ?kuRo ikyhFkhu (i) ijkDlkbM mRizsjd
(b) ikyh,fØyksukbVªkby (ii) mPp rki rFkk nkc ij la?kuu
(c) ukscksysd (iii) ftxyj-ukVk mRizsjd
(d) uk;yku 6 (iv) vEy vFkok {kkjd mRizsjd
(1) (a)  (iii), (b)  (i), (c)  (iv), (d)  (ii) (2) (a)  (iv), (b)  (ii), (c)  (i), (d)  (iii)
(3) (a)  (ii), (b)  (iv), (c)  (i), (d)  (iii) (4) (a)  (iii), (b)  (i), (c)  (ii), (d)  (iv)
Ans. (1)
Sol. Fact. rF;

3. For the reaction :


2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g),
H = –57.2 kJ mol–1 and Kc = 1.7 × 1016
Which of the following statement is INCORRECT?
(1) The equilibrium constant decreases as the temperature increases.
(2) The equilibrium constant is large suggestive of reaction going to completion and so no catalyst is
required.
(3) The equilibrium will shift in forward direction as the pressure increases.
(4) The addition of inert gas at constant volume will not affect the equilibrium constant.

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vfHkfØ;k 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) ds fy,
H = –57.2 kJ mol–1 rFkk Kc = 1.7 × 1016
fuEu esa ls dkSulk dFku xyr gS \
(1) tc rki c<+ rk gS rks lkE; fLFkjkad ?kVrk gSA
(2) lkE; fLFkjkad cM+k gksuk crkrk gS fd vfHkfØ;k iw.kZ rk dks tk jgh gS vkSj mRizsjd dh vko';drk ugha gSA
(3) tc nkc c<+ rk gS rks lkE; vxz fn'kk esa foLFkkfir gks rh gS A
(4) fLFkj vk;ru] ij fuf"Ø; xSl ds feykus ij lkE; fLFkjkad izHkkfor ugha gksxkA
Ans. (2)
Sol. Requirement of catalyst for a reaction can not be predicted by volume of its equilibrium constant.

4. Which of the following is NOT a correct method of the preparation of benzylamine from cyanobenzene?
fuEu esa ls dkSu lk;ukscsathu ls casfty,ehu ds cukus dk lgh rjhdk ugha gS \
(1) H2/Ni (2) (i) LiAIH4 (ii) H3O+
(3) (i) SnCl 2 + HCl(g) (ii) NaBH4 (4) (i) HCl/H2O (ii) NaBH4
Ans. (4)
Sol.
CN COOH

HCl/H2O

NaBH4 does not reduce –COOH group.

5. The noble gas that does NOT occur in the atmosphere is :


og mRd`"V xSl tks ok;qe.My esa mifLFkr ugha gS]
(1) Ne (2) He (3) Ra (4) Kr
Ans. (Bonus)
Sol. Radium is not a noble gas.
jsfM;e (Radium) mRd`"V xSl ugha gSA

6. Points I, II and III in the following plot respectively correspond to (Vmp : most probable velcocity)
Distribution function f()

I II III
Speed 

(1) Vmp of H2 (300 K) ; Vmp of N2 (300 K) ; Vmp of O2 (400 K)


(2) Vmp of O2 (400 K) ; Vmp of N2 (300 K) ; Vmp of H2 (300 K)
(3) Vmp of N2 (300 K) ; Vmp of H2 (300 K) ; Vmp of O2 (400 K)
(4) Vmp of N2 (300 K) ; Vmp of O2 (400 K) ; Vmp of H2 (300 K)

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vkys[k esa fcUnq I, II rFkk III Øe'k% buls lEcfU/kr gSa] (Vmp : izkf;drk osx)

forj.k Qyd f()

I II III
osx 

(1) H2 dk Vmp (300 K) ; N2 dk Vmp (300 K) ; O2 dk Vmp (400 K)


(2) O2 dk Vmp (400 K) ; N2 dk Vmp (300 K) ; H2 dk Vmp (300 K)
(3) N2 dk Vmp (300 K) ; H2 dk Vmp (300 K) ; O2 dk Vmp (400 K)
(4) N2 dk Vmp (300 K) ; O2 dk Vmp (400 K) ; H2 dk Vmp (300 K)
Ans. (4)

Sol. umps = 2RT


M

umps  T
M

For N2 at 300 K, umps  T  300


M 28

For O2 at 400 K, umps  T  400


M 32

For H2 at 300 K, umps  T  300 =


150
M 2

Sol. umps = 2RT


M

umps  T
M

300 K ij N2 ds fy,, umps  T  300


M 28

400 K ij O2 ds fy,, umps  T  400


M 32

300 K ij H2 ds fy,, umps  T  300 =


150
M 2

7. Which of these factors does not govern the stability of a conformation in acyclic compound?
(1) Angle strain (2) Electrostatic forces of interaction
(3) Steric interactions (4) Torsional strain

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vpØh; ;kSfxdksa esa buesa dkSulk dkjd la:i.kksa ds LFkkf;Ro ds fy;s ugha ykxw gksxk \
(1) dks.kh; fod`fr (2) vU;ksU;fØ;k dk fLFkj oS|q r cy
(3) f=kfoeh vU;ksU;fØ;k (4) ejksM+h fod`fr
Ans. (1)
Sol. Angle strain is found in cyclic compounds.
pØh; ;kSfxdks es dks.kh; foÑfr ik;h tkrh gSA

8. The highest possible oxidation states of uranium and plutonium respectively are :
(1) 6 and 7 (2) 4 and 6 (3) 6 and 4 (4) 7 and 6
;wjsfu;e rFkk IyqVksfu;e dh mPpre lEHko vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk;sa Øe'k% gSa %
(1) 6 rFkk 7 (2) 4 rFkk 6 (3) 6 rFkk 4 (4) 7 rFkk 6
Ans. (1)
Sol. Uranium has maximum oxidation number = +6
Plutonium has maximum oxidation number = +7
;wjsfu;e vf/kdre vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk j[krk gS = +6
IywVksfu;e vf/kdre vkWDlhdj.k voLFkk j[krk gS = +7

9. The ratio of the shortest wavelength of two spectral series of hydrogen spectrum is found to be about 9.
The spectral series are :
(1) Paschen and Pfund (2) Brackett and Pfund
(3) Lyman and Paschen (4) Balmer and Brackett
gkbMªkstu LisDVªe ds nks LisDVªeh Jsf.k;ksa ds y?kqre rjaxnS/;Z dk vuqikr yxHkx 9 ik;k x;kA LisDVªeh Jsf.k;k¡ gSa %
(1) ik'psu rFkk QqUM (2) czSdsV rFkk QaqM (3) ykbeu rFkk ik'psu (4) ckej rFkk cSd
z sV
Ans. (3)
Sol. Shortest  for lyman series :
1  1 1 1
 R 2   = R ; =
 1  R
Shortest  for paschen series :
1  1 1 R 9
R 2  = ; ’ =
' 3  9 R
' 9 R
  =9
 R 1

10. The major product 'Y' in the following reaction is :


fuEu vfHkfØ;k esa eq[; mRikn 'Y' gS %

Cl EtONa HBr
Heat X Y

Br HO Br
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Br
Ans. (1)

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Cl
Br
Sol. 
NaOEt
 
HBr
  
Br

(E  2) EAR

2–Methylbut–1–ene
2–Bromo–2–methylbutane

11. A hydrated solid X on heating initially gives a monohydrated compound Y. Y upon heating above 373 K
leads to an anhydrous white powder Z, X and Z respectively are :
(1) Baking soda and soda ash (2) Washing soda and soda ash
(3) Baking soda and dead burnt plaster (4) Washing soda and dead burnt plaster
,d ty;ksftr Bksl X xeZ djus ij izkjEHk esa ,d ,dy&ty;ksftr ;kSfxd Y nsrk gSA 373 K ds Åij Y dks xeZ
djus ij ,d futZy lQsn ikmMj Z feyrk gSA X rFkk Z Øe'k% gSa %
(1) csfdax lksMk rFkk lksMk ,s'k (2) okf'kax lksMk rFkk lksMk ,s'k
(3) csfdax lksMk rFkk iw.kZnX/k IykLVj (4) okf'kax lksMk rFkk iw.kZnX/k IykLVj
Ans. (2)
 373 K
Sol. Na2CO3 .10H2O   Na2CO3.H2O  Na2CO3 + H2O

373 K
– 9H2O

(washing soda okf'kax lksMk) (soda ash lksMk ,s'k)

12. The correct option among the following is :


(1) Brownian motion in colloidal solution is faster if the viscosity of the solution is very high.
(2) Colloidal medicines are more effective because they have small surface area.
(3) Addition of alum to water makes it unfit for drinking.
(4) Colloidal particles in lyophobic sols can be precipitated by electrophoresis.
fuEu esa ls lgh fodYi gS %
(1) dksykbMh foy;u esa ;fn foy;u dh ';kurk cgq r T;knk gS rks czkmfu;u xfr rhoz rj gks rh gS A
(2) dksykbMh vkS"kf/k;k¡ T;knk izHkko'kkyh gSa D;kasfd mudk i`"Bh; {ks=kQy NksVk gks rk gSA
(3) ikuh esa fQVfdjh feykus ls og ¼ikuh½ ihus ds v;ksX; gks tkrk gS A
(4) nzofojkxh lkWy esa dksykbMh d.k oS|q r d.k lapyu }kjk vo{ksfir fd;s tk ldrs gS A
Ans. (4)
Sol. (1) Brownian motion in colloidal solution is slower if viscosity of solution is very high.
(2) Colloidal medicines are more effective because they have large surface area.
(3) Addition of alum to water makes it suitable for drinking.
(4) Colloidal particles in lyophobic sols can be precipitated by electrophoresis.
(1) dksykbMh foy;u esa ;fn foy;u dh ';kurk de gS rks czkmfu;u xfr rhoz rj gks rh gS A
(2) dksykbMh vkS"kf/k;k¡ T;knk izHkko'kkyh gSa D;kasfd mudk i`"Bh; {ks=kQy cM+k gks rk gS A
(3) ikuh esa fQVfdjh feykus ls og ¼ikuh½ ihus ds ;ksX; gks tkrk gS A
(4) nzofojkxh lkWy esa dksykbMh d.k oS|q r d.k lapyu }kjk vo{ksfir fd;s tk ldrs gS A

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13. The minimum amount of O2(g) consumed per gram of reactant is for the reaction :
(Given atomic mass : Fe = 56, O = 16, Mg = 24, P = 31, C= 12, H = 1)
vfHkdkjd ds izfrxzke ds fy, O2(g) dh yxus okyh vYire ek=kk fuEu esa ls fdl vfHkfØ;k ds fy, gksxh \
(fn;k x;k ijek.kq nzO;eku : Fe = 56, O = 16, Mg = 24, P = 31, C= 12, H = 1)
(1) 4 Fe(s) + 3O2(g)  2Fe2O3(s) (2) 2Mg(s) + O2(g)  2MgO(s)
(3) C3H8(g) + 5O2(g)  3CO2(g) + 4H2O(I) (4) P4(s) + 5O2(g)  P4O10(s)
Ans. (1)
3
Sol. (1) Per gram Fe, O2 required = mole
224
1
(2) Per gram Mg, O2 required = mole
48
5
(3) Per gram C3H8, O2 required = mole
44
(4) 5 mole O2 required for 1 mole P4 (124 gm)
5
per gram P4 , O2 required = mole
124
3
Sol. (1) izfr xzke Fe, vko';d O2 = mole
224
1
(2) izfr xzke Mg, vko';d O2 = mole
48
5
(3) izfr xzke C3H8, vko';d O2 = mole
44
(4) 5 mole O2, 1 mole P4 (124 gm) ds fy, vko';d gS
5
izfr xzke P4 , vko';d O2 = mole
124

14. The correct statements among (a) to (d) are :


(a) saline hydrides produce H2 gas when reacted with H2O
(b) reaction of LiAIH4 with BF3 leads to B2H6
(c) PH3 and CH4 are electron-rich and electron-precise hydrides respectively
(d) HF and CH4 are called as molecular hydrides
(1) (a), (c) and (d) only (2) (a), (b), (c) and (d)
(3) (c) and (d) only (4) (a), (b) and (c) only
(a) ls (d) ds chp] lgh dFku gSa %
(a) yo.k gkbMªkbM~l H2O ds lkFk vfHkfØ;k djus ij H2 xSl ns rs gSaA
(b) BF3 ds lkFk LiAIH4 dh vfHkfØ;k ls B2H6 curk gSA
(c) PH3 rFkk CH4 Øe'k% bysDVªkWu&lEiUu rFkk bys DVªkWu&ifj'kq) gkbMªkbM~l gSaA
(d) HF rFkk CH4 vkf.od gkbMªkbM dgs tkrs gSaA
(1) (a), (c) rFkk (d) ek=k (2) (a), (b), (c) rFkk (d)
(3) (c) rFkk (d) ek=k (4) (a), (b) rFkk (c) ek=k
Ans. (2)

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Sol. (a) saline hydrides produce H2 gas when reacted with H2O
(b) reaction of LiAIH4 with BF3 leads to B2H6
(c) PH3 and CH4 are electron-rich and electron-precise hydrides respectively
(d) HF and CH4 are called as molecular hydrides
(a) yo.k gkbMªkbM~l H2O ds lkFk vfHkfØ;k djus ij H2 xSl ns rs gSaA
(b) BF3 ds lkFk LiAIH4 dh vfHkfØ;k ls B2H6 curk gSA
(c) PH3 rFkk CH4 Øe'k% bysDVªkWu&lEiUu rFkk bys DVªkWu&ifj'kq) gkbMªkbM~l gSaA
(d) HF rFkk CH4 vkf.od gkbMªkbM dgs tkrs gSaA

15. The INCORRECT statement is :


(1) the gemstone, ruby, has Cr3+ ions occupying the octahedral sites of beryl.
(2) the spin-only magnetic moments of [Fe(H2O)6]2+ and [Cr(H2O)6]2+ are nearly similar
(3) the color of [CoCl(NH3)5]2+ is violet as it absorbs the yellow light
(4) the spin-only magnetic moment of [Ni(NH3)4(H2O)2]2+ is 2.83 BM

xyr dFku gS %
(1) tseLVksu] :ch] esa Cr3+ vk;u gksrk gS tks csfjy ds v"VQydh; LFky esa mifLFkr jgrk gSA
(2) [Fe(H2O)6]2+ rFkk [Cr(H2O)6]2+ ds fLiuik=k&pqEcdh; vk?kw.kZ yxHkx ,d tSls gSaA
(3) tc CoCl(NH3)5]2+ ihyk izdk'k 'kksf"kr djrk gS rks bldk jax cSaxuh gks tkrk gS A
(4) [Ni(NH3)4(H2O)2]2+ dk fLiuek=k&pqEcdh; vk?kw.kZ 2.83 BM
Ans. (1)
Sol. the gemstone, emerald, has Cr3+ ions occupying the octahedral sites of beryl.
tseLVksu] ,ejkYM] esa Cr3+ vk;u gksrk gS tks csfjy ds v"VQydh; LFky esa mifLFkr jgrk gSA

16. 1 g of a non volatile non electrolyte solute is dissolved in 100 g of two different solvents A and B whose
Tb A 
ebullioscopic constants are in the ratio of 1 : 5. The ratio of the elevation in their boiling points
Tb B 
is :
tc ,d vok"'khy oS|qr&vuqi?kV~; ds 1 g dks nks vyx&vyx foyk;dksa (A rFkk B), ftuds bC;wfy;ksLdksfid
Tb A 
fLFkjkad 1 : 5 vuqikr esa gSa] ds 100 g esa ?kksyk tk;s rks muds DoFkukadksa ds mUu;u dk vuqikr , gksxk :
Tb B 
(1) 1 : 5 (2) 10 : 1 (3) 1 : 0.2 (4) 5 : 1
Ans. (1)
Sol. (Tb)A = (Kb)A × mA
(Tb)B = (Kb)B × mB
1 1000

( Tb )A 1 M.W . 100 = 1
= ×
( Tb )B 5 1 1000 5

M.W . 100

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17. The major product obtained in the given reaction is :
nh x;h vfHkfØ;k esa izkIr eq[; mRikn gS %
CH3 O CH2 CH3 AICl3
CH2 CH Product
Cl

H3C O
H3C
(1) H C O (2)
3

CH3
CH3 H3C O CH2
H3C O CH CH2 CH = CH2
(3) CH2 CH (4)

Ans. (2)

O O
AlCl3
Sol. 
Cl

ESR

18. Air pollution that occurs in sunlight is :


(1) fog (2) oxidizing smog (3) reducing smog (4) acid rain
og ok;q iznw"k.k tks lw;Z ds izdk'k esa gksrk gS] gS %
(1) QkWx (2) vkWDlhdkjd /kwedqgk (3) vipk;h LekWx ¼/kwedq gk½ (4) vEyh; o"kkZ
Ans. (2)
Sol. Pollution takes place in sunlight is oxidizing smog, which is known as photochemical smog.
lw;Z ds izdk'k es ik;k tkus okyk iznw"k.k vkWDlhdkjh /kwez dksgjk gksrk gSA ftls izdk'k jklk;fud dksgjk dgrs gSA

19. The number of pentagons in C60 and trigons (triangles) in white phosphorus respectively are :
(1) 20 and 3 (2) 12 and 3 (3) 20 and 4 (4) 12 and 4
C60 esa iapHkqtksa rFkk lQsn QkLQksjl esa f=kHkqtksa ¼f=kdks.kksa½ dh la[;k Øe'k% gSa %
(1) 20 and 3 (2) 12 and 3 (3) 20 and 4 (4) 12 and 4
Ans. (4)
P
Sol.
P P
P
No. of pentagons in C60 = 12
No. of Triangles in white P = 4
C60 esa iap dks.kks dh la[;k = 12
'osr P esa f=kdks.kksa dh la[;k = 4

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20. In chromatography which of the following statements in INCORRECT for Rf?


(1) The value of Rf can not be more than one
(2) Rf value is dependent on the mobile phase
(3) Higher Rf value means higher adsorption
(4) Rf value depends on the type of chromatography
ØksesVksxzkQh esa] Rf ds fy;s fuEu dFkuksa esa ls dkSu lk xyr gS \
(1) Rf dk eku 1 ls vf/kd ugha gks ldrk gSA
(2) Rf dk eku xfr'khy izkoLFkk ij fuHkZj djrk gSA
(3) mPprj Rf eku dk vFkZ gS mPprj vf/k'kks"k.kA
(4) Rf dk eku Øks esVksxzkQh ds izdkj ij fuHkZj djrk gSA
Ans. (3)
Sol. Low polarity compounds are weekly adsorbed and has greater Rf value.
de /kzqoh; ;kSfxd nqcZy vf/k'kks"; gksrk gS rFkk tks vf/kd Rf eku j[krk gSA

21. The increasing order of nucleophilicity of the following nucleophiles is :


fuEu ukfHkdjkfx;ksa ds ukfHkdjkfxrk dk c<+rk Øe gS %

(a) CH3 CO –2 (b) H2O (c) CH3SO3– (d) OH
(1) (d) < (a) < (c) < (b) (2) (b) < (c) < (a) < (d)
(3) (a) < (d) < (c) < (b) (4) (b) < (c) < (d) < (a)
Ans. (2)
Sol. Order of nucleophilicity is
ukfHkdLusfgrk dk Øe gksrk gS&
  
OH > CH3–COO > CH3SO3 > H2O
Resonance stabilized ion

22. For the reaction of H2 with I2 the rate constant is 2.5 × 10–4 dm3 mol –1 s–1 at 327°C and 1.0dm3 mol –1 s–1
at 527°C. The activation energy for the reaction in kJ mol–1 is : (R = 8.314 JK–1mol –1)
I2 ds lkFk H2 dh vfHkfØ;k ds fy;s nj fu;rkad 327ºC ij 2.5 × 10–4 dm3 mol –1 s–1 rFkk 527°C ij 1.0 dm3
mol –1 s–1 gSA vfHkfØ;k dh lfØ;.k ÅtkZ (kJ mol–1 esa) gksxh % (R = 8.314 JK–1mol–1)
(1) 166 (2) 72 (3) 59 (4) 150
Ans. (1)
K2 E  1 1 
Sol. n = a   
R T T 
K1  1 2 

T1 = 600 K T2 = 800 K
K1 = 2.5 × 10–4 K2 = 1 atm
1 Ea  1 1 
n 4
=   
2.5  10 8. 314  600 800 
Ea = 166 KJ

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23. Number of stereo centers present in linear and cyclic structure of glucose are respectively :
Xyqdkst ds jSf[kd rFkk pØh; lajpkvksa esa mifLFkr f=kfoe dsUnzksa dh la[;k Øe'k% gksxh %
(1) 4 & rFkk 4 (2) 5 & rFkk 4 (3) 5 & rFkk 5 (4) 4 & rFkk 5
Ans. (4)
CHO
H OH
*
Sol. Open chain structure of glucose has four chiral carbon atoms HO H
*
H OH
*
H OH
*
CH2OH

CH2OH
* O
H H H
Cyclic structure of glucose has five chiral carbon atoms * *
OH H OH
OH
* *
H OH
–D-Glucopyranose
CHO
H OH
*
Sol. Xywdkst dh pØh; lajpuk es ik¡p fdjSy dkcZu ijek.kq gksrs gSA HO H
*
H OH
*
H OH
*
CH2OH

CH2OH
* O
H H H
Xywdkst dh pØh; lajpuk es ik¡p fdjSy dkcZu ijek.kq gksrs gSA * *
OH H OH
OH
* *
H OH
–D-Glucopyranose

24. The difference between H and U (H – U) when the combustion of one mole of heptane (l) is
carried out at a temperature T is equal to :
tc ,d eksy gsIVsu (I) dk ngu T rki ij fd;k tkrk gS rks H rFkk U dk vUrj] (H – U), fuEu ds cjkcj
gksxk %
(1) –4RT (2) 4RT (3) –3RT (4) 3RT
Ans. (1)
Sol. C7H16() + 11O2(g)  7CO2(g) + 8H2O ()
ng = 7 – 11 = – 4
H = U + ng RT
H – U = –4RT

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25. Compound A(C9H10O) shows positive iodoform test. Oxidation of A with KMnO4/KOH gives acid
B(C8H6O4). Anhydride of B is used for the preparation of phenolphthalein. Compound A is :
;kSfxd A(C9H10O) ldkjkRed vk;MksQkseZ ijh{k.k iznf'kZr djrk gSA KMnO4/KOH ds lkFk A dk vkWDlhdj.k ,d
vEy B(C8H6O4) nsrk gSA B ds ,ugkbMªkbM dks QsukYQFkSyhu dks cukus ds fy, iz;ksx djrs gSaA ;kSfxd A gS %
O
CH3
CH2 – C – H CH3
CH3
(1) O (2) (3) (4)
CH3 CH3

O O CH3
Ans. (3)

O
COOH CO
CH3 KMnO4 
O
Sol. Oxidation CO
CH3 COOH
OH

/ H

Phenolphthaleine

(X) can give iodoform test due to the presence of C  CH3 group
||
O

O
COOH CO
CH3 KMnO4 
O
Sol. vkWDlhdj.k CO
CH3 COOH
OH

/ H

fQukWy¶FkSyhu

C  CH3 lew g dh mifLFkfr ds dkj.k ;kSfxd (X) vk;ksMksQkWeZ ijh{k.k ns rk gSA


||
O

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26. Which one of the following graphs between molar conductivity (Am) versus C is correct?
eksyj pkydrk (Am) rFkk C ds chp cus xzkQksa esa ls dkSu lk lgh gS \

KCl
Am Am Am Am
NaCl NaCl KCl KCl
(1) (2) KCl (3) NaCl (4) NaCl

Ans. (3)

KCl
M C
NaCl
Sol.

(0M )K  > (0M )Na


Na+ is more hydrated with respect to K+ therefore KCl electrolyte have higher M with respect to NaCl.
Na+, K+ ds laxr vf/kd ty;ksftr gS bfly, KCl oS|q r vi?kV~; NaCl ls mPp M j[krk gSA

27. The correct statement is :


(1) zincite is a carbonate are
(2) zone refining process is used for the refining of titanium
(3) aniline is a froth stabilizer
(4) sodium cyanide cannot be used in the metallurgy of silver
lgh dFku gS %
(1) ftlkbV ,d dkcksZusV v;Ld gS
(2) tksu ifj"dj.k izØe VkbVsfu;e ds ifj"dj.k
(3) ,fuyhu ,d Qsu&LFkk;hdkjd gS
(4) lksfM;e lk;ukbM dk mi;ksx flYoj ¼pk¡nh½ ds /kkrq deZ esa ugha dj ldrs gSaA
Ans. (3)
Sol. Cresols and anilines are froth stabilisers.
fØlkWy rFkk ,uhfyu Qsu&LFkk;hdkjd gSA

28. The pH of a 0.02 M NH4Cl solution will be [given Kb(NH4OH) = 10–5 and log 2 = 0.301]
0.02 M NH4Cl foy;u dk pH gksxk % [fn;k x;k gS % Kb(NH4OH) = 10–5 rFkk log 2 = 0.301]
(1) 4.65 (2) 5.35 (3) 4.35 (4) 2.65
Ans. (2)
1 1
Sol. pH = 7 – PKb – logC
2 2
5 1
= 7 – – (log 2 × 10–2) = 5.35
2 2

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29. The crystal field stabilization energy (CFSE) of [Fe(H2O)6]Cl2 and K2[NiCl 4] respectively are :
(1) –0.40 and –1.2 t (2) –2.40 and –1.2 t (3) –0.40 and –0.8 t (4) –0.60 and –0.8 t
[Fe(H2O)6]Cl2 rFkk K2[NiCl4] dh fØLVy {ks=k LFkk;hdj.k ÅtkZ (CFSE) Øe'k% gSa %
(1) –0.40 rFkk –1.2 t (2) –2.40 rFkk –1.2 t (3) –0.40 rFkk –0.8 t (4) –0.60 rFkk –0.8 t
Ans. (3)
Sol. [Fe(H2O)6]2+
Fe+2  [Ar]3d6
H2O  weak field ligand, so pairing do not take place.
t2g2,1,1 eg1,1
CFSE = – 0.4 × 4 0 + 0.6 × 2 0 = – 0.4 0
[NiCl4]2–
Ni+2  [Ar]3d8
Cl–  weak field ligand, so pairing do not take place and have tetrahedral geometry
eg2,2 , t2g2,1,1
CFSE = – 0.6 × 4 t + 0.4 × 4 t = – 2.4 t + 1.6 t = – 0.8 t
Sol. [Fe(H2O)6]2+
Fe+2  [Ar]3d6
H2O  nq cZy {ks=k fyxs .M, vr% ;qXeu ugha gks rk gSA
t2g2,1,1 eg1,1
CFSE = – 0.4 × 4 0 + 0.6 × 2 0 = – 0.4 0
[NiCl4]2–
Ni+2  [Ar]3d8
Cl–  nq cZy {ks=k fyxs.M, vr% ;qXeu ugha gks rk gS rFkk prq" Qydh; T;kfefr j[krk gSA
eg2,2 , t2g2,1,1
CFSE = – 0.6 × 4 t + 0.4 × 4 t = – 2.4 t + 1.6 t = – 0.8 t

30. The major product 'Y' in the following reaction is :


PH CH3
NaOCl (i)SOCl2
O X Y
(ii)aniline
fuEu vfHkfØ;k esa eq[; mRikn 'Y' gS %
PH CH3
NaOCl (i)SOCl2
O X Y
(ii) ,fuyhu

O
NH2 Ph
HN NH2 N
Ph O O
(1) (2) (3) (4)
Ph

O Ph
Ans. (1)

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O O O
Sol.
C C SOCl2 C
CH3 (1) NaOCl OH Cl
(2) H+
(A) NH2

Aniline
O

NH–C

(X)

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