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CONSTITUTIONAL LAW II

Second Semester, 2018-2019


Arellano University School of Law

CONSTITUTIONAL LAW II

Doctrine of Preferred Freedom (Hierarchy of Rights)

 PBM Employees Org. vs. PBM Co., Inc., 51 SCRA 189 (1973)

The Fundamental Powers of the State

o Police Power

 MMDA v Viron Transportation G.R. 170656 (2007)


 Gancayco vs City Gov't of QC and MMDA G.R. 177807 (2011)
 Tano v. Socrates, G.R. 110249, August 27, 1997
 City of Manila v. Judge Laguio, G. R. No. 118127, april 12, 2005
 Fernando vs. St. Scholastica. G.R. 161107
 Southern Luzon Drug Corp. v DSWD, GR 199669, Apr 25, 2017
 Social Justice Society v Atienza, Jr., 517 SCRA 657 (2007)
 Carlos Superdrug Corp. v DSWD, GR 16694, Jun 29, 2007
 Manila Memorial Park v DSWD, GR 175356, Dec3, 2013
 Drugstore Asso. of the Phil. v National Council on Disability
Affairs, GR 194561, Sep 14, 2016
 Meralco v Sps. Ramos, GR 195145, Feb 10, 2016
 Asso. of Medical Clinic for Overseas Workers, Inc. v GCC Approved
Medical Center Asso., GR 207132, Dec 6, 2016
 St. Luke’s MedicalCenter Employees Asso. v NLRC, 514 SCRA 677
(2007)

o Eminent Domain

Who exercises the power?

 Moday v. Court of Appeals, 268 SCRA 368 (1997)


 Sps. Yasay v CA, G.R. 156684

Objects of Expropriation

 RP. v. PLDT, 26 SCRA 620 (1969)


 NIA v Rural Bank, G.R. No. 185124

Taking

 Republic vs. Castelvi, 58 SCRA 336 (1974)


 City Govt. of Quezon City vs. Ericta, 122 SCRA 759 (1983)
 City of Manila v Laguio, GR 118127, Apr 12, 2005
 RP (Napocor) v Heirs of Borbon, CA, GR 165354, Jan 12, 2015

o Deprivation of Use

 Napocor vs. Gutierrez, 193 SCRA 1 (1991)


 Napocor v. San Pedro, G.R. No. 170945, September 26, 2006
 U.S. v. Causby, 328 U.S. 256 (1946)
 PPI v. Comelec, 244 SCRA 272 (1995)
 Republic v Sps. Llamas (Illegal Taking of Subdivision Roads), GR
194190, Jan 25, 2017
 Bartolata v Republic, GR 223534, Jun 7, 2017
 Mosqueda, et al. v. Pilipino Banana Growers & Exporters Association,
Inc., et al. (G.R. No. 189185, August 16, 2016

o Public use

 Heirs of Juancho Ardona vs. Reyes, 125 SCRA 220 (1983)


 Manosca v. Court of Appeals, 252 SCRA 412 (1996)
 Estate of Jimenez v. PEZA, G.R. No. 137285, January 16, 2001

o Government Withdrawal

 NHA v. Heirs of Isidro Guivelondo, G.R. No. 154411, June 19, 2003
 NPC & Pobre v. CA. G.R. No. 106804, August 12, 2004

o Recovery of Expropriated Land

 Mactan Cebu Airport Authority v Lozada GR No. 176625


 Republic v. Lim, G.R. 161656, June 29, 2005
 Mactan-Cebu Int’l Airport Authority v CA, GR 139495, Nov 27,
2000

o Genuine Necessity

 Mun. of Meycayauan vs. IAC, 157 SCRA 640 (1988)


 De Knecht vs. Bautista, 100 SCRA 660 (1980)
 Republic vs. De Knecht, G.R. 87351, February 12, 1990
 De la Paz Masikip v. Judge Legaspi, G.R. No. 136349, January 23,
2006
 JIL v Municipality of Pasig G.R. 152230, August 9, 2005
 Filstream International v CA, 284 SCRA 716 (1998)
 Heirs of Feliciano, Jr. v Land Bank, (DAR formula) GR 215290, Jan
11, 2017

o Just Compensation

o Defined
 Eslaban v. De Onorio, G.R. No. 146062, June 28, 2001

o Determination of Just Compensation

 EPZA vs. Dulay, 149 SCRA 305 (1987)


 Land Bank of the Philippines v. Yatco Agricultural Enterprises, G.R.
No. 172551, January 15, 2014
 Republic v Macabagdal, (definition) GR 227215, Jan 30, 2018
 Napocor v Sps. Chiong (Consequential damage and benefit), GR
152436, Jun 20, 2003

o When Determined

 Ansaldo vs. Tantuico, G.R. 50147, August 3, 1990


 NAPOCOR v. Tiangco, G>R> No. 170846, February 6, 2007
 City of Cebu v. Spouses Dedamo, G.R. No. 142 971, May 07, 2002

o Manner of Payment

 Assoc. of Small Landowners v. DAR, 175 SCRA 343 (1988)


 DAR v. CA, 249 SCRA 149 (1995)
 Sec. of DPWH and Engr. Contreras v Sps Tecson GR 179334, Apr 21,
2015
 Republic v Lim, GR 161656, Jun 29, 2005
 Napocor v Heirs of Sangkay (Inverse Condemnation) GR 165828,
Aug 24, 2011

o Trial with Commissioners

 Meralco v. Pineda, 206 SCRA 196 (1992)


 NPC v. Henson, G.R. No. 129998, December 29, 1998
 Napocor v. Sps. De la Cruz, G.R. No. 156093, February 2, 2007
 Leca Realty v. Republic, G.R. No. 155605, Sep tember 27, 2006

o Legal Interest for Expropriation Cases

 NPC v. Angas, 208 SCRA 196 (1992)


 Wycoco v. Judge Caspillo, G.R. No. 146733, January 13, 2004

o Writ of Possession

 City of Manila v. Oscar Serrano, G.R. No. 142304, June 20, 2001
 Republic v. Gingoyon, G.R. No. 166429, December 19, 2005

Taxation

o Definition and Nature


o Purpose

 CIR vs. Algue, Inc., 158 SCRA 9 (1988)


 Commissioner vs. Makasiar, 177 SCRA 27 (1989)
 City of Pasig & Crispina Salumbre v Meralco, GR 181710, Mar 7,
2018

o Tax Exemptions

 YMCA vs. CIR, 33 Phil. 217 (1916)


 Province of Abra vs. Hernando, 107 SCRA 104 (1981)
 Abra Valley College vs. Aquino, 162 SCRA 106 (1988)
 CIR v DLSU, GR 196596, Nov 9, 2016

o Double Taxation

 Punzalan vs. municipal Board of Manila, 95 Phil. 46 (1954)


 City of Manila v Cosmos Bottlin Company Corp. v GR 196681, Jun
27, 2018

o License Fees

 Physical Therapy Org. vs. Municipal Board, G.R. 10448, August 30,
1957

Due Process

o Definition, Nature and Scope

 Corona v. United Harbor Pilots Association of the Phils., 283 SCRA


31, Dec. 12, 1997

o Purpose of the guaranty

 Hurtado v. California, 110 U.S. 516 (1884)

o Substantive Due Process

 Villegas vs. Hu Chong Tsai Pao Ho, 86 SCRA 275 (1978)


 Rubi vs. Prov. Board of Mindanao, 39 Phil. 660 (1919)
 Tanada v Tuvera, 292 SCRA 141 (1998)
 GMA v MTRCB, 514 SCRA 191 (2007)
 Knights of Rizal v DMCI Homes, Inc., GR 213948, Apr 25, 2017
 Evasco v Montanez, GR 199172, Feb 21, 2018
 Mayor Fernando v St. Scholastica’s College, GR 16107, May 12, 2013
 Mosqueda v Pilipino Banana Growers and Exporters Asso., Inc., GR
189185, Aug 16, 2016

o Void for Vagueness/Over breadth

 Ople v. Torres, 292 SCRA 141. (1998)


 Estrada v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 148560, November 19, 2001
 David v. Arroyo, G.R. No. 171390, May 3, 2006
 Ong v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 126858, September 16, 2005
 Southern Hemisphere Engagement Network, Inc. v Anti-Terrorism
Council. 632 SCRA 146 (2010)

o Procedural Due Process

 Nestle Philipiines, Inc., v Puedan, GR 220617, Jan. 30, 2017


 Turks Shawarma Company v Pajaton, GR 207156, Jan 16, 2017
 Estate of F.E. Marcos v Republic, GR 213227, Jan 18, 2017
 Lagon v Velasco, GR 208424, Feb 14, 2018
 Republic v CJ Sereno, GR 237428, Resolution for M.R., Jun 19, 2018
 Borlongan v BDO, GR 217617; GR 218590, Apr 5, 2017
 Allowance for the Family Foundation Phil., Inc., v Garin, Resolution
on Partial M.R., GR 217872; Gr 221866, Apr26, 2017

o Publication Requirement

 Tanada v. Tuvera, 146 SCRA 446 (1986)


 PITC v. Angeles, 263 SCRA 421 (1996)
 Republic v. Extelcom, G.R. 147096, January 15, 2002

o Impartial Court or Tribunal

 Tanada vs. PAEC, 141 SCRA 307 (1986)


 Anzaldo vs. Clave, 119 SCRA 353 (1982)
 Tejano v. Ombudsman, G.R. No. 159190, June 30, 2005
 People v. Court of Appeals, 262 SCRA 452 (1996)
 Tabuena v. Sandiganbayan, 268 SCRA 332 (1997)

o Prejudicial Publicity

 Sheppard v. Maxwell, 384 U.S. 333 (1966)


 Webb v. De Leon, 247 SCRA 652 (1995)
 People v. Sanchez, G.R. No. 121039, October 18, 2001

o Notice and Hearing:

 Summary Dismissal Board v. Torcita, 330 SCRA 153 (2000)


 Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, G.R. No. 139466, October 17, 2000
 People vs. Estrada G.R. No. 130487, June 19, 2000
 Lim v. Court of Appeals, G.R. 111397, August 12, 2002
 Aquino v Municipality of Malay, Aklan, G.R. 211356 (2014)
o Opportunity to be Heard

 PAGC v Montemayor, G.R. No. 170146


 Budiongan v. De la Cruz, G.R. No. 170288, September 22, 2006
 Roxas v. Vasquez, G.R. 114944, June 19, 2001
 Marohombsar v. Judge Adiong, A.M. RTJ-02-1674, January 22, 2004
 Ombudsman v Reyes, G.R. 170512

o Exceptions to notice and hearing requirements

 Philcomsat vs. Alcuaz, 180 SCRA 218 (1989)


 Suntay vs. People, 101 Phil. 833 (1957)
 Var Orient Shipping Co., Inc. vs. Achacoso, 161 SCRA 232 (1988)
 Secretary of Justice v. Lantion, 322 SCRA 160, 186-188, Jan. 18,
2000, En Banc
 Secretary of Justice v. Honorable Ralph Lantion, October 17, 2000
Resolution of the Motion for Reconsideration

o Administrative Due Process

 Ang Tibay vs. CIR, 69 Phil. 635 (1940)


 Montemayor vs. Araneta University Foundation, 77 SCRA 321
(1977)
 Meralco vs. PSC, 11 SCRA 317 (1964)
 Ateneo vs. CA, 145 SCRA 100 (1986)
 Alcuaz vs. PSBA, 161 SCRA 7 (1988)
 Non vs. Hon. Dames, G.R. No. 89317, May 30, 1990

Equal Protection

 Biraogo v Philippine Truth Commission, GR 192935 (2010)


 Beltran v. Secretary of Health , G.R. No. 133640, November 25,
2005

o Sexual Discrimination

 Phil. Association of Service Exporters vs. Drilon, 163 SCRA 386


(1988)

o Administration of Justice

 People vs. Hernandez, 99 Phil. 515 (1956)


 People vs. Isinain, 85 Phil. 648 (1950)
 Chavez v. PCGG, G.R. 130716, December 9, 1998
 Nunez vs. Sandiganbayan, 111 SCRA 433 (1982)
 Gallardo v. People, G.R. 142030, April 21, 2005
 Abubakar v People, GR 202408; 202409, Jun 27, 2018
 Telebap and GMA v Comelec, 289 SCRA 339 (1998)
 Serrano v Gallant Maritime Services, Inc., 582 SCRA 254 (2009)
 Garcia v Drilon, 699 SCRA 352 (2013)

o Public Policy

 Central Bank Employees Assoc. v. BSP, G.R. No. 148208, Dec. 15,
2004
 PNB v. Palma, G.R. 157279, August 9, 2005
 Unido vs. COMELEC, 104 SCRA 17 (1981)
 PJA vs. Prado, 227 SCRA 703 (1993)
 Olivarez v. Sandiganbayan, 248 SCRA 700 (1995)
 Tiu v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 127410, January 20, 1999
 Coconut Oil Refiners v. Torres, G.R. 132527, July 29, 2005
 ISAE v. Quisumbing, G.R. No. 128845, June 1, 2000
 PHILRECA vs. DILG, G.R. No. 143076, June 10, 2003

Arrests, Searches And Seizures

o Purpose and Importance of the guaranty

 Alvero v. Dizon, 76 Phil. 637 (1946)


 Dela Cruz v People 730 SCRA 655 (2014)

o To Whom Directed

 People vs. Andre Marti, 193 SCRA 57 (1991)

o Who May Invoke the Right?

 Bache and Co., vs. Ruiz, 37 SCRA 323 (1971)


 Stonehill v. Diokno, 20 SCRA 383 (1967)

o Conditions for a valid warrant

o Existence of Probable Cause

 Burgos vs. Chief of Staff, 133 SCRA 800 (1984)


 Chandler v. Miller, April 15, 1997, D-96-126
 People v. Chua Ho San, 308 SCRA 432 (1999)
 People v. Molina, G.R. No. 133917, February 19, 2001
 Laud v People 741 SCRA 239 (2014)
 AAA v Carbonell, 524 SCRA 496 (2007)
 People ans Pastrana v Abad, GR 196025, Feb 21, 2018

o Partially Valid Warrant


 People v. Salanguit, G.R. 133254, April 18, 2001
 Microsoft Corp. v. Maxicorp., G.R. 140946, September 13, 2004

o Personal determination by judge

 Sta. Rosa Mining Co., vs. Fiscal Zabala, 153 SCRA 367 (1987)
 Paderanga vs. Drilon, G.R. 96080, April 19, 1991
 Pita vs. CA, 178 SCRA 362 (1987)
 Abdula v. Guiani, 326 SCRA 1 (2000)
 People v. Mamaril, G.R. 147607, January 22, 2004
 Pita v CA, GR 80806, Oct 5, 1989

o Examination of witnesses

 Pasion Vda. De Garcia vs. Locsin, 65 Phil 68 (1938)


 Yee Sue kuy vs. Almeda, 70 Phil. 141, (1940)
 Alvarez vs. CFI, 64 Phil. 33 (1937)
 Mata vs. Bayona, 128 SCRA 388 (1984)

o Particularity of description

 Del Castillo v People, 664 SCRA 430 (2012)


 People v Salanguit, GR 133254-55, Apr 19, 2001
 Dimal andCastillo, v People, GR 216922, Apr 18, 2018
 Prudente vs. Judge Dayrit, 180 SCRA 69 (1989)
 People v. Choi, G.R. No. 152950, August 3, 2006
 PICOP v. Asuncion, 307 SCRA 253 (1999)
 Yousef Al Ghoul vs. CA, G.R. No. 126859, September 4, 2009
 Del Rosario V. People, G.R. No. 142295, May 31, 2001

o Objects of Seizure

 Unilab vs. Isip, G.R. No. 163858, June 28, 2005

o Warrantless searches

o Valid Waiver

 People vs. Omaweng, 213 SCRA 462 (1992)


 People v. Correa, 285 SCRA 679 (1998)
 People vs. Ramos, G.R. 85401-02, June 4, 1990
 People v. Barros, 231 SCRA 557 (1994)
 Veroy vs. Layague, 210 SCRA 97 (1992)
 Lopez vs. Comm. of Customs, 68 SCRA 320 (1975)
 Caballes v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 136292, January 5, 2002
 People vs. Asis, et. al., G.R. No. 142531, October 15, 2002
 People vs. Tudtud, et. al., G.R. No. 144037, September 26, 2003
 Pollo vs Constantino-David, 659 SCRA 198

o Incident to lawful arrest

 People vs. de la Cruz, G.R. 83988, April 18, 1990


 People v. Kalubiran, 196 SCRA 645 (1991)
 People v. Malmstedt, 198 SCRA 401 (1991)
 Espano v. Court of Appeals, 288 SCRA 558 (1998)
 People vs. Tangliben, 184 SCRA 220 (1990)
 People v. Che Chun Ting, 328 SCRA 592 (2000)
 People vs. Estella, G.R. Nos. 138539-40, January 21, 2003
 People vs. Libnao, et. al., G.R. No. 136860, January 20, 2003

o Plain view doctrine

 People v. Musa, 217 SCRA 597 (1993)


 Padilla v. CA, 269 SCRA 402 (1997)
 People v Doria, G.R. No. 125299. January 22, 1999
 People v. Valdez, G.R. No. 129296, September 25, 2000
 People v. Compacion, G.R. No. 124442, July 20, 2001
 People v. Huang Zhen Hua, G.R. 139301, September 9, 2004

o Enforcement of fishing, customs and immigration laws

 Roldan vs. Area, 65 SCRA 320 (1975)


 People v. Gatward, 267 SCRA 785 (1997)
 People v. Johnson, G.R. No. 138881, December 18, 2000
 People vs. Suzuki, G.R. No. 120670, October 23, 2003
 Saluday v People, GR 215305, Apr 3, 2018

o “Stop and frisk”

 Terry vs. Ohio, 392 US 1 (1968)


 People v. Solayao, 262 SCRA 255 (1996)
 Manalili v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 113447, October 7, 1997
 Malacat v. Court of Appeals, 283 SCRA 159 (1997)
 People v. Cogaed, G.R. No. 200334, July 30, 2014
 People v Comprado, G.R. No. 213225, Apr 4, 2018

o Search of moving vehicles

 Papa vs. Mago, 22 SCRA 857 (1968)


 People vs. CFI of Rizal, 101 SCRA 86 (1980)
 Salvador v. People, G.R. No. 146706, July 15, 2005

o Emergency circumstances
 People vs. De Gracia, 233 SCRA 716 (1994)

o Checkpoints

 Gen. De Villa vs. Valmonte, G.R. No. 83988, May 24, 1990
 Aniag vs. Comelec, 237 SCRA 424 (1994)
 People v. Usana, 323 SCRA 754 (2000)
 People v. Vinecario, G.R. No. 141137, January 20, 2004

o Inspection of building

 Camara vs. Municipal Court, 387 U.S. 523 (1967)

o Rule on Cybercrime Warrants A.M. No. 17-11-03

o Warrantless arrests

 Umil vs. Ramos, G.R. 81567, July 9, 1990

o Committed in the Presence of Police Officers

 People v. Sucro, 195 SCRA 388 (1991)


 People v. Luisito Go, G.R. No. 116001, March 14, 2001
 People v Martinez, GR No. 191366
 People v Racho, G.R. No. 186529 (2010)
 Reyes v People, GR 229380, Jun 6, 2018
 Luz v People, 667 SCRA 421 430 (2012) (penalty of fine, not
imprisonment)
 Villamor v People, GR 200396, Mar 22, 2017

o Personal Knowledge of the Offense

 People vs. Gerente, 219 SCRA 756 (1993)


 People v. Sinoc, 275 SCRA 357 (1997)
 People v. Baula, G.R. No. 132671, November 15, 2000
 People v. Cubcubin, G.R. No. 136267, July 10, 2001

o Time of Arrest

 People vs. Rodrigueza, 205 SCRA 791 (1992)


 Go vs. Court of Appeals, 206 SCRA 586 (1992)
 People v. Calimlim, G.R. No. 123980, August 30, 2001

o Marked Money

 People vs. Enrile, 222 SCRA 586 (1993)

o Lack of Urgency
 People v. Pasudag, G.R. No. 128822, May 4, 2001
 People vs. Aminnudin, 163 SCRA 402 (1988)

o Effect of Entry of Plea


 People v. Plana G.R. No. 128285, November 27, 2001

o Exclusionary rule/Validity of Conviction

 People v. Conde, G.R. No. 113269, April 10, 2001


 Social Justice Society v Dangerous Drugs Board, 570 SCRA 410
(2008)
 Lucas v Lucas, 650 SCRA 667 (2011)
 People v Dumagoy, GR 216753, Feb 7 2018
 People v Garry dela Cruz, GR 205821, Oct 1, 2014
 People v Gayoso, GR 206590, Mar 27, 2017
 People v Villanueva, Mar 13, 2017
 Dabon v. People, GR 208775, Jan 22, 2018
 People v Crispo, GR 230065, Mar 14 2018
 People v Que, GR 212994, Jan 31, 2018
 People v Sipin, GR 224290, Jun 11, 2018

o Privacy Of Communication And Correspondence

 Navarro vs CA, GR 121087 (1999)


 Gaanan vs. IAC, 145 SCRA 113 (1986)
 Katz vs. U.S., 389 U.S. 347 (1967)
 Ramirez vs. Ca, G.R. No. 93833, September 28, 1995
 Salcedo-Ortanez v. CA, 235 SCRA 111 (1994)
 Alejano v. Cabuay, G.R. No. 160792, August 25, 2005
 Briccio Polo v David, G.R. No. 181881 (2011)
 Vivares v St. Theresa's College 737 SCRA 92 (2014)
 Lee v Ilagan, 738 SCRA 59 (2014)
 Republic v Bolante, GR 186717; GR GR 190357, Apr 17, 2017

o Privileged Communications

 In Re Laureta, 148 SCRA 382 (1987)


 People vs. Albofera, 152 SCRA 123 (1987)
 Zulueta v. Court of Appeals, 253 SCRA 699 (1996)
 Deano v. Godinez, 12 SCRA 483 (1964)
 Waterhouse Drug Corporation v. NLRC, G.R. No. 113271. October
16, 1997

o Exclusionary Rule

 Silverthorne Lumber vs. US, 251 US 385 (1920)


 People v. Aruta, G.R. 120915, April 3, 1998
 People v. Rondero, G.R. 125687, December 9, 1999

Freedom Of Expression

o Purpose

 United States vs. Bustos, 37 Phil. 731 (1918)


 Burgos vs. Chief Of Staff, 133 SCRA 800 (1984)
 SWS vs Comelec, GR 147571 (2001)
 Diocese of Bacolod v Comelec, 747 SCRA 88 (2014)
 Pharmaceutical and Healthcare Association of the Philippines v
Duque III, 535 SCRA 265 (2007)
 Pita v CA, 178 SCRA 362 (1989)
 Soriano v Laguardia, 587 SCRA 79 (2009) and 615 SCRA 254
(2010)

o Restrictions

 Gonzales vs. COMELEC, 27 SCRA 835 (1969)


 Social Weather Station v. Comelec, G.R. 147571, May 5, 2001
 Zaldivar vs. Sandiganbayan, 170 SCRA 1 (1989)
 Sanidad vs. COMELEC, G.R. 90878, January 29, 1990
 Reno v. ACLU, D-96-511, June 26, 1997
 Miriam College v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 127930, December 15,
2000
 ABS-CBN Broadcasting c\Corp. v. Comelec, G.R. No. 133486,
January 28, 2000

o Freedom of Expression, Libel and National Security

 Babst vs. NBI, 132 SCRA 316 (1984)


 Chavez vs. Gonzales, G.R. No. 168338, February 15, 2008
 PJI v. Thoenen, G.R. No. 143372, December 13, 2005
 Borjal v. CA., 301 SCRA 1 (1999)
 Baguio Midland Courier v. CA, G.R. No. 107566, November 25,
2004
 SWS v Comelec, 357 SCRA 496 (2001)
 GMA Network v Comelec, 734 SCRA 88 (2014)
 I-UTAK v Comelec, GR 206020, Apr 14, 2015

o Freedom of Expression and the Administration of Justice

 Cabansag vs. Fernandez, 102 Phil. 152


 In Re Ramon Tulfo, AM 90-4-1545-0, April 17, 1990
 Nestle Phils. Vs. Sanchez, 154 SCRA 542 (1987)
 In Re Atty. Emil Jurado AM 90-5-2373 July 12, 1990
o Freedom of Expression, Movie Censorship, Obscenity and the Right
to Privacy

 Gonzales vs. Kalaw Katikbak, 137 SCRA 356 (1985)


 KMU v. Director General, G.R. No. 167798, April 19, 2006
 TRCB v. ABS-CBN, G.R. No. 155282, January 17, 2005
 Ernando v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 159751, December 6, 2006

Freedom Of Assembly

 J.B.I. Reyes vs. Bagatsing, 125 SCRA 553 (1983)


 Acosta v. CA and CSC GR 132088 Jun 28, 2000
 Bayan v. Ermita, G.R. No. 169848, April 25, 2006

Freedom Of Religion

o Pubic aid to religion/ Non Establishment Clause

 Aglipay vs. Ruiz, 64 Phil. 201 (1937)


 Mueller v. Allen, 463 U.S. 388 (1983)
 Lemon v. Kurtzman, 403 U.S. 602 (1971)
 Wallace v. Jaffree, 472 U.S. 38 (1985)
 Islamic Da ‘wah Counsil v. Executive Secretary, G.R. No. 153888,
July 9, 2003
 Letter of Atty. Valenciano, , A.M. 10-4-19-SC, Mar 7 2017

o Free Exercise Clause

 Estrada v. Escritor, A.M. No. P-02-1651, June 22, 2006


 Imbong v Ochoa, G.R. 204819 (2014)
 Ebralinag v. Division Superintended (March 1, 1993)

o Freedom to propagate religious doctrines

 American Bible Society vs. City of Manila, 181 Phil. 386 (1957)

o Exemption from Union shop


 Victoriano vs. Elizalde Rope Workers Union, 59 SCRA 54 (1974)

o Separation of Church and State

 Fonacier v CA, 96 Phil 417 (1955)


 Republic v Manal, GR 221029, Apr 24, 2018
 Municipality of Tangkal v Balindon, GR 193340, Jan 11, 2017

Liberty Of Abode And Travel

 Manotok vs. CA. 142 SCRA 149 (1986)


 Marcos vs. Manglapus, 177 SCRA 668 (1989)
 Silverio vs. CA, G.R . no. 94284 April
 Genuino v De Lima, GR 197930;
 Arroy v De Lima, GR 199034,
 Arrroyo v De Lima, Gr 199046, Apr 17, 2018

Freedom Of Information

 Baldoza vs. Dimaano, 71 SCRA 14 (1976)


 Tanada vs. Tuvera, supra
 Valmonte vs. Belmonte, 170 SCRA 256 (1989)
 Legaspi vs. CSC, 150 SCRA 530 (1987)
 Garcia vs. BOI, 177 SCRA 374 (1989)
 Province of Cotabato vs GRP Peace Panel on Ancestral Domain, GR
No. 183591, 2008
 Re: Request for Copy of 2008 Statement of Assets, Liabilities and
Net Worth
[SALN] and Personal Data Sheet or Curriculum Vitae of
the Justice of
the Supreme Court and Officers and Employees of
the Judiciary, 672
SCRA 27 (2012)

Freedom Of Association

 Occena vs. COMELEC, 127 SCRA 404 (1985)


 In re Edillon, 84 SCRA (1979)
 Rotary Int’l v. Rotary Club, 481 U.S. 537 (1987)
 Arizala v CA, GR 43633-34, Sep 14, 1990

The Non-Impairment Clause

 Rutter vs. Esteban, 93 Phil. 68 (1953)


 Villanueva vs. Castaneda, 154 SCRA 142 (1987)
 Sangalang vs. IAC, 168 SCRA 634 (1988)
 Ortigas & Co. v. CA, G.R. No. 126102, December 4, 2000

Rights Of Persons Under Custodial Investigation

 Miranda vs. Arizona, 384 US 436 (1966)

o Custodial Investigation

 People v. Lugod, G.R. 136253, February 21, 2001


 People v. Del Rosario G.R. 127755, April 14, 1999
 People v. Bolanos, 211 SCRA 262 (1992)
 Rhode Island v. Innis, 446 U.S. 291 (1980)
 People v. Mahinay, 302 SCRA 455 (1999)
 Evangelista v People, G.R. No. 163267
 Jasalva v People, G.R. No. 187725
o Administrative Investigations

 People vs. Judge Ayson, 175 SCRA 216 (1989)


 Office of the Court Administrator v. Sumiling, 271 SCRA 316
(1997)
 People v. Uy, G.R. No. 157399, November 17, 2005

o Police Lineup

 Gamboa vs. Cruz, 162 SCRA 642 (1988)


 United States v. Wade, 388 U.A. 218 (1967)
 People v. Escordial, G.R. 138934, January 16, 2002
 People vs. Piedad, et al., G.R. No. 131923, December 5, 2002
 People v. Sayaboc, G.R. 147201, January 15, 2004

o Requirement of Competent and Independent Counsel

 People vs. Bandula, 232 SCRA 566 (1994)


 People v. Quidato, G.R. 117401, October 1, 1998
 People v. Januario, 267 SCRA 608 (1997)
 People v. Labtan, G.R. No. 12793, December 8, 1999
 People vs. Samus, G.R. 135957-58, September 17, 2002
 People v. Tomaquin, G.R. No. 133138, July 23, 2004
 People v. Bagnate, G.R. No. 133685-68 May 20, 2004

o Counsel of Choice

 People vs. Gallardo, G.R. No. 113684, January 25, 2000


 People vs. Barasina, 229 SCRA 450 (1994)

o Counsel’s presence required in entire proceedings

 People v. Morial, G.R. 129295, August 15, 2001

o Seized Articles

 People v. Castro, 274 SCRA 115 (1997)


 People v. Wong Chuen Ming, 256 SCRA 182 (1996)
 Marcelo v. Sandiganbayan, 302 SCRA 102 (1999)
 People v. Macabalang, G.R. 168694, November 27, 2006

o Confession to Newsmen

 People v. Andan, 269 SCRA 95 (1997)


 People v. Endino, G.R. 133026, February 20, 2001
 People vs. Ordono, G.R. No. 132154, June 29, 2000
 People vs. Guillermo, G.R. No. 147786, January 20, 2004
o Other Confessions

 People v. Malngan, G.R. No. 170470, September 26, 2006


 People v. Gomez, 270 SCRA 432 (1997)
 People v. Lugod, G.R. 136253, February 21, 2001

o Re-enactment

 People v. Luvendino, 211 SCRA 36 (1992)

o Fruit of the Poisonous Tree Doctrine

 People v. Alicano 251 SCRA 293 (1995)


 Ho Wai Pang v People, GR 176229 (2011)

Right To Bail

o When right may be invoked

 Gov’t of the US vs Judge Purungganan, GR 148571 (2002)


 Gov’t of Hongkong vs Olalia, GR 153675 (2007)
 Herras Teehankee vs. Rovira, 75 Phil. 634 (1945)
 People vs. San Diego, 26 SCRA 522 (1968)
 Cortes v. Judge Catral, A.M. No. RTJ-97-1387, September 10, 1997
 Lavides v. CA, G.R. No. 129670, February 1, 2000
 Government v. Judge Puruganan, G.R. 148571, December 17, 2002
 Enrile v Sandiganbayan, GR No. 213847, 2015

o Procedure for bail

 Paderanga v. Drilon, 247 SCRA 741, (1995)


 Go v. Bongolan, A.M. 99-1464, July 26, 1999
 People v. Gako, G.R. 135045, December 15, 2000

o Bail and Habeas Corpus

 Enrile vs. Salazar, 186 SCRA 217 (1990)


 People vs. Judge Donato, 198 SCRA 130 (1991)

o Bail on appeal

 People vs. Fortes, 223 SCRA 619 (1993)


 Maguddatu v. CA, G.R. No. 139599, February 23, 2000
 Obosa v. Court of Appeals, G.R. 114350, January 16, 1997

o Standards for fixing bail


 Villasenor vs. Abano, 21 SCRA 312 (1967)
 De la Camara vs. Enage, 41 SCRA 1 (1971)
 Almeda vs. Villaluz, 66 SCRA 38 (1975)
 Yap v. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 141529, June 6, 2001
 Cabañero v. Cañon, A.M. No. MTJ-01-369, September 20, 2001
 Victory Liner v. Belosillo, G.R. 425 SCRA 79 (2004)

o Bail and the Right to Travel Abroad

 Manotoc vs. Court of Appeals, 142 SCRA 149 (1980)

Rights of the Accused

o Presumption of innocence

 People vs. Dramayo, 42 SCRA 59 (1971)

o Presumption of Guilt

 Dumlao vs. Comelec, 95 SCRA 392 (1980)


 People vs. Mingoa, 92 Phil. 857 (1953)

o Applicability to Juridical Persons

 Feeder Int’l Line vs. Ca CR 942 62, May 31, 1991

o Official Duty

 People vs. Martos, 211 SCRA 805 (1992)

o Right to be heard personally or by counsel

 People vs. Holgado, 85 Phil. 752 (1950)


 Delgado vs. CA, 145 SCRA 357 (1986)

o Improvident Plea of guilt

 People vs. Baluyot, 75 SCRA 148 (1977)


 People vs. Magsi, 124 SCRA 69 (1983)
 People v. Besonia, G.R. No. 151284-85, February 5, 2004
 People v. Murillo, G.R. No. 134583, July 14, 2004

o Right to Lawyer of Choice

 People vs. Malunsing, 63 SCRA 493 (1975)


 Libuit v. People, G.R. No. 154363, September 13, 2005
o Deprivation of Right to be Heard

 Moslares v. CA, 291 SCRA 440 (1998)

o Right to be informed of nature and cause of accusation


o Lack of Arraignment

 Borja vs. Mendoza, 77 SCRA 422 (1977)


 People v. Alcalde, G.R. 139225, May 29, 2002
 People v. Dy, G.R. No. 154363, September 13, 2005

o Sufficiency of the Information


 People v. Sadiosa, 290 SCRA 82 (1998)
 People v. Perez, G.R. No. 122764, September 24, 1998
 People v. Lozano, G.R. 125080, September 25, 1998
 People v. Ladrillo, G.R. No. 124342, December 8, 1999
 People v. Valdesancho, G.R. 137051, May 30, 2001
 People v. Alcaide, G.R. Nos. 139225-28, May 29, 2002
 People vs. Ostia, G.R. No. 131804. February 26, 2003
 People vs. Flores Jr., G.R. No. 128823-24, December 27, 2002
 People v. Cachapero, G.R. No. 153008, May 20, 2004

o Right to speedy, impartial and public trial


o Speedy trial

 Acevedo vs. Sarmiento, 36 SCRA 247 (1970)


 People vs. Judge Laya, 161 SCRA 327 (1988)
 Conde vs. Rivera, 45 Phil. 650 (1924)
 Dacanay vs. People, 240 SCRA 490 (1995)
 People v. Rivera, G.R. No. 139180, July 31, 2001
 Solar Team Entertainment v. How, G.R. No. 140863, August 22, 2000
 Valencia v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 165996, October 17, 229, 2005
Domondon v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. No. 166606, November 29, 2005

o Public trial

 Garcia vs. Domingo, 52 SCRA 143 (1970)


 Perez v. Estrada, A.M. No. 01-4-03-SC, June 29, 2001
 In RE Live coverage of Ampatuan Trial, AM No. 10-11-5 SC, June 14,
2011

o Impartial trial

 Tumey vs. Ohio, 273 U.S. 510 (1927)


 Soriano vs. Angeles, G.R. No. 109920, August 31, 2000

o Right to confront witnesses


 U.S. v. Javier, 37 Phil. 449 (1918)

o Right to secure attendance of witnesses

 U.S. vs. Garcia, 10 Phil. 384 (1908)


 People vs. Sandal, 54 Phil. 883 (1938)
 People vs. De Luna, 174 SCRA 204 (1989)

o Right to be present during trial


o Trial in absentia

 People vs. Court of Appeals, G.R. No. 140285, September 27, 2006
o When presence of the accused is a duty:
o Arraignment and plea

o During trial for identification

 Aquino vs. Military Commission No. 63 SCRA 546 (1975)


 People vs. Salas, 143 SCRA 163 (1986)

Writs of Habeas Corpus, Amparo, Habeas Data, and Kalikasan


 Villavicencio vs. Lukban, 39 Phil. 778 (1919)


 Moncupa vs. Ponce Enrile, 141 SCRA 223 (1986)
 Norberto Feria vs. CA, et al. G.R. 122954, Feb. 15, 2000
 Illusorio v. Bildner, G.R. 139789, May 12, 2000
 Gamboa v. Chan, 677 SCRA 385 (2012)

 De Lima v. Gatdula, 691 SCRA 226 (2013)
 Caram v. Segui, 732 SCRA 86 (2014)

Right To Speedy Disposition Of Cases

 Duterte v. Sandiganbayan, 289 SCRA 721 (1998)


 Tatad vs. Sandiganbayan, 159 SCRA 70 (1988)
 Licaros v. Sandiganbayan, G.R. 145851, November 22, 2001
 Dimayacyac v. Judge Roxas, G.R. No. 136264, May 28, 2004

Privilege Against Self-Incrimination

o Scope covers compulsory testimonial incrimination

 People v Gallarde; GR 133025 (2000)


 United States vs. Tan Teh, 23 Phil. 145 (1912)
 People vs. Otadura, 86 Phil. 244 (1950)
 Villaflor vs. Summers, 41 Phil. 62 (1920)
 Bermudez vs. Castillo, 64 Phil. 485 (1937)
 Beltran v. Samson, 53 Phil. 570 (1929)
 Dela Cruz v. People, 730 SCRA 655 (2014)
 People vs. Tranca, 235 SCRA 455 (1994)
 People vs. Gallarde, G.R. No. 133025, February 17, 2000

o In what proceedings available

 Pascual vs. Board of Medical Examiners, 28 SCRA 344 (1969)


 Galman vs. Pamaran, 138 SCRA 274 (1985)

o Use Immunity v. Transactional Immunity.

 R.A. No. 1379, Section 8


 Galman vs. Pamaran, 138 SCRA 274 (1985)
 Brown v. Walker, 161 U.S. 591

o Effect of denial of privilege by court

 Chavez vs. Court of Appeals, 24 SCRA 663 (1968)

Involuntary servitude

 Aclaracion vs. Gatmaitan, 64 SCRA 131 (1979)

Excessive fines and cruel, degrading and inhuman punishments

 People vs. Dela Cruz, 92 Phil. 906 (1953)


 People vs. Borja, 91 SCRA 340 (1978)
 People vs. Dacuycuy, 173 SCRA 90 (1989)
 Loiusiana v. Resweber, 329 U.S. 459 (1974)
 Ford v. Wainwright, 477 U.S. 399 (1986)
 Atkins v. Virginia, 536 U.S. 304 (2002)

The death penalty

 Echegaray v. Secretary of Justice, G.R. No. 132601 January 19, 1999

Imprisonment for debt

 Sura vs. Martin, 26 SCRA 286 (1969)


 People vs. Nitafan, 207 SCRA 726 (1992)
 In Re: Habeas Corpus of Benjamin Vergara, G.R. No. 154037, April 30,
2003

Double Jeopardy

o Elements
 People vs. Obsania, 23 SCRA 1249 (1968)
 Lejano v People GR 176389 (2011)
 People v. Velasco, 340 SCRA 207 (2000)

 Ivler v. Modesto-San Pedro, 635 SCRA 191 (2010)

o Subsequent prosecution barred; Exceptions

 Melo vs. People, 85 Phil. 766 (1959)


 People vs. Yorac, 42 SCRA 230 (1971) (overruled)
 PSB v. Bermoy, G.R. No. 151912, September 26, 2005
 Heirs of Rillorta vs. Firme, 157 SCRA 518 (1988)
 People vs. Miraflores, 115 SCRA 586 (1982)
 People vs. Judge Vergara, 221 SCRA 560 (1993)
 Tupaz v. Ulep, G.R. No. 127777, October 1, 1999
 Argel v. Judge Pascua, A.M. No. RTJ-94-1131, August 20, 2001

o Jurisdiction of Courts

 People v. Bocar , 138 SCRA 166 (1985)


 Galman vs. Sandiganbayan, 144 SCRA 43 (1986)
 People vs. Grospe, 157 SCRA 154 (1988)
 People vs. Judge Santiago, 174 SCRA 143 (1989)

o Identity of Acts

 People vs . Relova, 148 SCRA 292 (1987)

o Identity of Offenses

 People vs. City Court, 154 SCRA 175 (1987)


 Nierras vs. acuycuy, 181 SCRA 1 (1990)

o Military Court Proceedings

 Cruz vs. Enrile, 160 SCRA 702 (1988)


 Tan v. Barrios, October 18, 1990

o Right to Speedy Trial

 Que vs. Cosico, 177 SCRA 410 (1989)


 Caes vs. IAC, 179 SCRA 54 (1989)

o Administrative & Criminal Proceedings

 Icasiano vs. Sandiganbayan, 209 SCRA 377 (1992)


 Vincoy v CA, G.R. No. 156558, June 14, 2004
 People v. Larannaga, G.R. No. 138874, July 25, 2005

Ex post facto laws and bills of attainder

 People vs. Sandiganbayan, 211 SCRA 241 (1992)


 Wright vs. CA, 235 SCRA 341 (1994)
 Valeroso v. People, 546 SCRA 450 (2008)

 Presidential Commission on Good Government (PCGG) v. Carpio
Morales,
740 SCRA 368 (2014)

 Bureau of Customs Employees Association (BOCEA) v. Teves, 661
SCRA
589 (2011)