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DEPLETION ANALYSIS OF THE OPAL

REACTOR WITH VESTA


by Perry Young
I.Limaiem, E. Ivanov, W. Haeck

IGORR 2014 – IAEA Technical Meeting


Bariloche, Argentina
20/11/2014

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
Outline

• Introduction to VESTA

• OPAL MCNP Model

• MCNP Results

• VESTA Specific Modelling

• VESTA Depletion Results

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
VESTA

Advantage of being flexible:


• Transport: MORET or MCNP
• Evolution: ORIGEN or
PHOENIX (FISPACT wip)
• Predictor, predictor-corrector
• Simple input header
• 43,000 energy group tally
• AURORA depletion analysis tool
VESTA structure, from Wim Haeck

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
VESTA

•OPAL comissioning data available to IRSN from the IAEA Co-


ordinated Research Project: Innovative Methods for Research
Reactors (CRP 3 IAEA Id1496)

•CRP was closed, from IAEA website seems consideration is being


given to resuming it (Research Reactors CRP 6)

•Benchmark

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
OPAL MCNP Model

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
OPAL MCNP Model

35 cm

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
OPAL MCNP Model

•MCNP 6.1 | ENDF/B-VII.1


•CNS notational model used

•Static Model:
• All materials at ambient temperature (293K)
• Ambient CNS

•VESTA
• Coolant, moderator and reflector at hot, full power
temperatures, rest at ambient
• Operational (cold) CNS

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
MCNP Results
500

450
Reactivity [pcm]

400

350

300

250

200
0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70
Configuration #

EALF βeff σ αrossi σ


keff σ [MeV] νf [pcm] [pcm] [μsec-1] [μsec-1]

1.00340 0.00008 7.81E-08 2.44 735 9 -4.14E-05 0.06E-05


Config1
Avg of
critical 1.00384 0.00008 7.83E-08 2.44 725 9 -4.43 E-05 0.06E-05
states
1 768 -3.81E-05
ANSTO - - - - (measured by Feynman-α -
(critical state) (calculated [8])
Data method [9])

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
MCNP Results: differential worth
CRP-1 CRP-3
CRP-2
0 0
0

-50
ANSTO Measured
-50 -50
Differential CRP Worth [pcm]

Differential CRP Worth [pcm]


Differential CRP Worth [pcm]
MCNP Calculated
-100 -100
-100

-150 -150 -150

-200 -200
-200

-250 -250
-250

-300 -300
-300
0 20 40 60 80 100 0 20 40 60 80 100
0 20 40 60 80 100
CRP Position [% withdrawal] CRP Position [% withdrawal]
CRP Position [% withdrawal] mid-point of differential insertions
mid-point of differential insertions mid-point of differential insertions

CRP-4 CRP-5
0 0

Combined
-50
ANSTO MCNP MCNP
Differential CRP Worth [pcm]

-50
Differential CRP Worth [pcm]

-100 CRP Measured Calculated Uncertainty


-100
1 4347 4313 345
-150
2 4375 4221 375
-150
-200 3 3725 3568 315
-200
4 4093 4024 315
-250
5 3329 3321 300
-300 -250
0 20 40 60 80 100 0 20 40 60 80 100
CRP Position [% withdrawal] CRP Position [% withdrawal]
mid-point of differential insertions mid-point of differential insertions

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
MCNP Results: flux profiles

𝑛 𝑃 ∙ υ𝑓
Φ[ 2 ] = −13
∙ 𝜙𝐹4
𝑐𝑚 𝑠 1.6022 ∙ 10 ∙ 𝑤𝑓 ∙ 𝑘𝑒𝑓𝑓
From Luka Snoj, see my paper

υf keff
P wf e
[kW] [MeV] (σ= 0.00004) [J/MeV]

BE 36 2.44 201.97 1.00642 1.6022E-13

Max 42 2.44 198 1.00642 1.6022E-13

Min 30 2.44 201.97 1.00642 1.6022E-13

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
MCNP Results: flux profiles
FA: A2
4,0E+11

BE MCNP Calculated
3,5E+11 Max MCNP Calculated
Thermal Neutron Flux [cm-2s-1]

Min MCNP Calculated


ANSTO Measured
3,0E+11

2,5E+11

2,0E+11

1,5E+11

1,0E+11

5,0E+10
-31 -15,5 0 15,5 31
Z Position[cm]
with respect to core centre-line

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
MCNP Results: flux profiles
FA: B1 FA: B4
6,5E+11
4,5E+11

6,0E+11
4,0E+11
Thermal Neutron Flux [cm-2s-1]

Thermal Neutron Flux [cm-2s-1]


5,5E+11

3,5E+11
5,0E+11

4,5E+11 3,0E+11

4,0E+11 2,5E+11

3,5E+11
2,0E+11
3,0E+11 BE MCNP Calculated
1,5E+11 Max MCNP Calculated
2,5E+11

1,0E+11
ANSTO Measured
2,0E+11

1,5E+11 5,0E+10
-31 -15,5 0 15,5 31 -31 -15,5 0 15,5 31
Z Position[cm] Z Position[cm]
with respect to core centre-line with respect to core centre-line

FA: C1 FA: D2
4,0E+11
6,E+11

3,5E+11
Thermal Neutron Flux [cm-2s-1]

Thermal Neutron Flux [cm-2s-1]

5,E+11
3,0E+11

4,E+11 2,5E+11

2,0E+11
3,E+11

1,5E+11

2,E+11
1,0E+11

1,E+11 5,0E+10
-31 -15,5 0 15,5 31 -31 -15,5 0 15,5 31
Z Position[cm] Z Position[cm]
with respect to core centre-line with respect to core centre-line

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
VESTA Modelling

Materials burned: Cadmium burnable poison, fuel meat and hafnium


control rods (CRPs)

• Fuel meat zoned into 40 axial layers

• Cadmium burnable poison and CRPs zoned into 5 axial layers

• Materials in an axial layer of a FA burned together, NOT unique by


plate or wire

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
VESTA Modelling
Cycle 007 operational data from ANSTO
Reactor CR position
Time power
[days] [MW] CR-1 CR-2 CR-3 CR-4 CR-5 Cycle D2O purity[w/w %]
0.00 0.00 85.07 23.47 23.10 84.97 49.90
007 97.5
0.58 0.69 85.06 23.47 23.10 85.17 67.54
008 97.1
0.92 0.00 85.05 40.06 40.02 85.06 23.31
009 96.9
1.02 2.41 85.05 40.06 40.02 84.91 22.10
1.08 0.00 85.00 40.00 39.91 85.01 25.41 010 99.55
1.80 5.81 85.00 40.00 39.91 85.01 66.20 011 99.24
1.92 0.00 85.04 45.99 55.02 85.06 62.62 012 98.93
2.79 9.99 85.04 70.60 69.04 85.06 20.09
2.83 0.00 85.00 84.23 84.75 84.96 35.21
2.96 14.36 85.00 62.32 63.95 84.96 21.01

Bateman Evolution
Constant (average) power

MC calc
CRs adjusted

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
1,02
All Cycles VESTA Depletion

1,015

1,01

1,005
keff

Cycle 007
0,995
Cycle 008
Cycle 009
0,99
Cycle 010
Cycle 011
0,985 Cycle 011 cont *Bad*

0,98
0 50 100 150 200 250
Time (days)

All Cycles Power History


20
Power (MW)

15
10
5
0
0 50 100 Time (days) 150 200 250
VESTA Results: cycle 008
1,006

1,004

1,002

0,998
keff

0,996

0,994

0,992

0,99

0,988
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
Time (days)
20
Power (MW)

15
10
5
0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55
Time (days)

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
VESTA Results: cycle 009

1,009

1,008

1,007

1,006
keff

1,005

1,004

1,003

1,002
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
Time (days)
20
Power (MW)

10

0
0 5 10 15 20 25 30
Time (days)

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
1,02
All Cycles VESTA Depletion

1,015

1,01

1,005
keff

Cycle 007
0,995
Cycle 008
Cycle 009
0,99
Cycle 010
Cycle 011
0,985 Cycle 011 cont *Bad*

0,98
0 50 100 150 200 250
Time (days)

All Cycles Power History


20
Power (MW)

15
10
5
0
0 50 100 Time (days) 150 200 250
VESTA Results: Cd sensitivity
Cycle 007 Depletion
1,006

1,004
Cycle 007
Cycle 007 - 5 radial cadmium zones
1,002
keff

0,998

0,996

0,994

0,992

0,99
0 5 10 15 20 25 30 35 40
Time (days)

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
VESTA Sensitivities

-Additional sensitivities performed:

• Fuel meat NJOY (makxsf) adjusted to 63˚C -> no


impact on evolution, ~88 ±41 pcm negative reactivity
impact

• Predictor-corrector, with intermediate time steps, no


impact. Done to test cadmium burn-up.

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
VESTA Results: Poisons
Cycle 008

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
VESTA Results: Decay heat
Assembly Decay Heat
1E+5
1E+4
Assembly Decay Heat [W]

1E+3
1E+2
1E+1
1E+0 Assembly B1
1E-1 Assembly B2
1E-2 Assembly B3
1E-3
1E-4
0 40 Time [days] 80 120

Core Decay Heat


1,2
Total Core Decay

1,0
Heat [MW]

0,8
0,6
0,4
0,2
0,0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120
Time [days]

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
Cycle 008 Power Distribution

T=1.18 days P=18.03 MW T=51.05 days P=19.79 MW

Legend

~212g U235/FA without BP 383g U235/FA with BP ~484g U235/FA with BP


1,02 Conclusions
1,015

1,01

1,005
keff

Cycle 007
0,995
Cycle 008
Cycle 009
0,99
Cycle 010
Cycle 011
0,985 Cycle 011 cont *Bad*

0,98
0 50 100 150 200 250
Time (days)

•OPAL MCNP Benchmarked


•VESTA Burn-up is 1800 pcm over-reactive at the end
of cycle 011
Thank You.

Questions?
(Remarks?)

20/11/14

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
ANSTO Cycle Data

FA load and management


Cycle

 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA loaded at position B4, D2 & A2 Cycle D2O purity[w/w %]
007  Fresh ~383 g U235/FA loaded at position C3, A3, D1, C4, C2 & A1 007 97.5
 Fresh ~212 g U235/FA loaded at position D4, D3, C1, B3, A4, B1 & B2
008 97.1
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position D3  B2  Out
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position A4  B3  Out
009 96.9
008
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position B1  Out 010 99.55
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position D4  B2  Out 011 99.24
009  Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position A3  B3  Out
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position C1  Out
012 98.93
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position C4  B3  Out
010  Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position D1  C2  Out Average D2O purity measured
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position A1  B2  Out
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position C3  Out during operating cycles
011  Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position A3  B3  Out
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position D1  C2  B2  Out

 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position B4  Out


012  Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position D2  B2  Out
 Fresh ~484 g U235/FA to position A2  Out

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu
D2O Composition

MCNP wt fraction
Density at
44°C
Cycle molar wt% D H O [g/cm3]

Fresh 99.928033 0.2009888 0.00008052 0.7989307 1.09492


007 97.5 0.196104265 0.002797175 0.80109856 1.09215497
008 97.1 0.195299734 0.003244723 0.80145554 1.09170079
009 96.9 0.194897469 0.003468497 0.80163403 1.09147385
010 99.55 0.200227483 0.000503492 0.79926903 1.09448858
011 99.24 0.199603972 0.000850341 0.79954569 1.09413505
012 98.93 0.198980461 0.001197191 0.79982235 1.09378175

P.YOUNG | IGORR 2014 /IAEA Technical Meeting | OPAL: VESTA OAKRIDGE SAS – www.oakridge.eu