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INSTRUCTION MANUAL

FOR

MICROCOMPUTER BASED

TEMPERATURE INDICATING CONTROLLER

FCS-23A

Thank you for your purchase of our Microcomputer based Temperature Indicating Controller
FCS-23A.
This manual contains instructions for the mounting, functions, operations and notes when
operating the FCS-23A.
For model confirmation and unit specifications, please read this instruction manual carefully
before starting operation.

To prevent accidents arising from the use of this controller, please ensure the operator
using it receives this manual.

1
NOTES TO USERS FCS-23A

***** Note to users *****


Before operating this controller, make sure you have understood the following.

Warning
Turn the power supply to the instrument OFF before wiring or checking.
Working or touching the terminal with the power switched ON may
result in an Electric Shock which could cause severe injury or death.
Moreover, the instrument must be grounded before the power supply
to the instrument is turned on.

Caution
• Do not apply a commercial power source to the sensor connected to the input terminal
nor allow the power source to come into contact with the sensor, as the input circuit
may be burnt out.
• This instrument should be used according to the specifications described in the manual.
If it is used outside the specifications, it may malfunction or cause fire.
• Be sure to follow the warnings, cautions and notices. If not, it could cause serious injury
or malfunction.
• Specifications of the FCS-13A and the contents of this instruction manual are subject to
change without notice.
• Care has been taken to assure that the contents of this instruction manual are correct,
but if there are any doubts, mistakes or questions, please inform our sales department.
• Be sure to turn the power supplied to the instrunment OFF when cleaning.
• Wipe the instrument using dry soft cloth.
(If the paint thinner is used for wiping, the instrument may be deformed or discolored.)
• The display parts are more easily damaged. Do not strike them with hard objects
or press hard on them.
• Any unauthorized transfer or copying of this document, in part or in whole, is prohibited.
• Shinko Technos is not responsible for any damages or secondary damages incurred
as a result of using this product, including any indirect damages.
• Setup by the DIP switch and the rotary switch inside of the controller is required
before the power is turned on.
• The product is factory adjusted as [Sensor input: K, Control action: Fuzzy self-tuning
PID, Heating action, Alarm (A1): No alarm action, no standby function, Unit:
and Program starting form: manual]. Refer to Chapter “3. Setup” (page 9).
• It is recommended that the PID auto-tuning be performed on the trial run.
• It is advised to provide the protective device against such environmental conditions
which may cause damage to the device or contribute to the deterioration of its parts.

2
CONTENTS FCS-23A

--- CONTENTS ---


1. Model names
1.1 Model names ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 5
1.2 How to indicate the model nameplate ----------------------------------------------- 6
2. Name and functions of the sections -------------------------------------------- 7
3. Setup
3.1 Taking the internal assembly out ------------------------------------------------------ 9
3.2 Switch setting (multi-function) --------------------------------------------------------- 9
3.3 Insertion of the internal assembly ---------------------------------------------------- 12
4. Operations
4.1 Operating flow chart -------------------------------------------------------------------- 13
4.2 Operations
(1) PV/SV display mode ------------------------------------------------------------------ 15
(2) Main setting mode --------------------------------------------------------------------- 16
(3) Sub setting mode
Setting value memory number selection ----------------------------------------- 16
Auto-tuning Perform/Cancel --------------------------------------------------------- 16
Proportional band setting ------------------------------------------------------------- 17
Integral time setting -------------------------------------------------------------------- 17
Derivative time setting ----------------------------------------------------------------- 17
Proportional cycle setting ------------------------------------------------------------- 17
Manual reset setting ------------------------------------------------------------------- 18
Alarm 1, 2 (A1, A2) settings ---------------------------------------------------------- 18
Loop break alarm time setting ------------------------------------------------------- 19
Loop break alarm span setting ------------------------------------------------------ 19
(4) Auxiliary function setting mode 1
Setting value lock designation ------------------------------------------------------ 20
Main setting value high limit setting ------------------------------------------------ 21
Main setting value low limit setting ------------------------------------------------- 21
Sensor correction setting ------------------------------------------------------------- 21
Instrument number setting ----------------------------------------------------------- 21
Transfer rate selection ---------------------------------------------------------------- 22
Communication protocol selection ------------------------------------------------- 22
(5) Auxiliary function setting mode 2
Scaling high limit value setting ------------------------------------------------------ 23
Scaling low limit value setting ------------------------------------------------------- 23
PV filter time constant setting ------------------------------------------------------- 23
Main output high limit setting -------------------------------------------------------- 24
Main output low limit setting --------------------------------------------------------- 24

3
CONTENTS FCS-23A

Main output ON/OFF action hysteresis setting --------------------------------- 24


Alarm 1, 2 (A1, A2) action Energized/Deenergized selections ------------- 24
Alarm 1, 2 (A1, A2) hysteresis settings ------------------------------------------- 25
Alarm 1, 2 (A1, A2) action delayed timer settings ------------------------------ 25
Display selection when control output is off ------------------------------------- 26
Main setting value rising rate setting ---------------------------------------------- 26
Main setting value falling rate setting --------------------------------------------- 27
(6) Program mode
Program control change -------------------------------------------------------------- 29
Step 1 to 7 time setting --------------------------------------------------------------- 29
(7) Control output OFF function -------------------------------------------------------- 31
(8) Output manipulating value and Step rest time indication mode ----------- 32
5. Setting value memory number external selection ----------------------- 33
6. Running
6.1 When using the FCS-23A as a Temperature controller ------------------------- 34
6.2 When using the FCS-23A as a Simplified program controller ----------------- 35
7. Action explanations
7.1 Standard action drawings --------------------------------------------------------------- 36
7.2 ON/OFF action drawings ---------------------------------------------------------------- 37
7.3 Pattern end action drawing ------------------------------------------------------------- 37
7.4 Alarm 1, 2 (A1, A2) action drawings ------------------------------------------------- 38
8. Control actions
8.1 Fuzzy self-tuning -------------------------------------------------------------------------- 40
8.2 Explanations of PID ---------------------------------------------------------------------- 41
8.3 PID auto-tuning of this controller ----------------------------------------------------- 42
9. Other functions ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 43
10. Mounting to control panel
10.1 Site selection ------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 44
10.2 External dimension drawing ------------------------------------------------------------ 44
10.3 Panel cutout drawing --------------------------------------------------------------------- 44
10.4 Mounting ------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- 45
11. Wiring connection
11.1 Terminal arrangement -------------------------------------------------------------------- 46
11.2 Wiring connection examples ------------------------------------------------------------ 48
12. Specifications
12.1 Standard specifications ------------------------------------------------------------------ 49
12.2 Optional specifications ------------------------------------------------------------------- 52
13. Troubleshooting --------------------------------------------------------------------------- 55
14. Character table ----------------------------------------------------------------------------- 58

4
MODEL NAME FCS-23A

1. Model names
1.1 Model names
Standard models

F C S – 2 3 A – /M Series name: FCS-230


Control action 3 PID control (*1)
Alarm A Alarm action (*2)
R Relay contact output
Output S Non-contact voltage output
A Current output
Input M Multi-range input (*3)
*1: Fuzzy self-tuning PID, PID, PD and ON/OFF action are selectable by internal DIP
switch.
*2: 12 types of alarm action and no alarm action are selectable by internal rotary switch
and DIP switch.
*3: 12 types of input, Thermocouple, RTD are selectable by internal rotary switch
and DIP switch.
Alphanumeric character to represent the functions or type is applied to the .
[Example]
FCS-23A- R / M, A2 , LA
Loop break alarm output
Alarm 2 (A2) output
Relay contact output
Optional code
Code Specification
A2 Alarm 2 output (including the pattern end output 2)
LA Loop break alarm
C5 Based on EIA RS-485 Serial communication
C Based on EIA RS-232C
SM Setting value memory number external selection
BK Color: Black
BL Screw type mounting bracket
IP Dust-proof•drip-proof
TC Terminal cover

(See page 52 for the options in detail.)

5
MODEL NAME FCS-23A

Warning
Do not take the inner assembly out nor touch the terminal with
the power supply on.
Touching the terminal with the power switched ON may result in
an Electric Shock which could cause severe injury or death.

1.2 How to indicate the model nameplate


Model nameplates are put on the case and the left side of the inner assembly.

[Model name plate] [Example]

(1) FCS-23A–R/M Relay contact output, Multi-range input


A2 Alarm 2 (A2) output
(2) LA Loop break alarm output
(3) No.
(1): Model name
(2): Option codes
(3): Instrument number (Indicated only on the internal assembly)

6
NAME AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SECTIONS FCS-23A

2. Name and functions of the sections

(1) (3)

(4)

(2) (5)

(6)

[Fig. 2-1]
(1) PV display
Indicates the Process variable (PV) with the red LED.
(2) SV display
Indicates the Setting value (SV), Manipulating value (MV) or Time (TIME) with the green
LED.
(3) Control output indicator ( OUT)
The green LED is lit when the Control output is on.
(For the current output type, it blinks corresponding to the manipulating value at 0.125
seconds of period.)
(4) Alarm 1 (A1) output action or Pattern end 1 output indicator ( A1)
The red LED is lit when the Alarm 1 (A1) output or Pattern end 1 output is on.
(5) Alarm 2 (A2) output action or Pattern end 2 output indicator ( A2) [Option]
The red LED is lit when the Alarm 2 (A2) output or Pattern end 2 output is on.
(6) Auto-tuning action indicator ( AT)
The yellow LED blinks during auto-tuning.

7
NAME AND FUNCTIONS OF THE SECTIONS FCS-23A

Increase key : Increases the numeric value on the SV display during


setting mode.
Decrease key : Decreases the numeric value on the SV display during
setting mode.
Mode key : Selects the setting mode.
OUT/OFF key : Performs the control output ON or OFF, or program control
Start or Stop.

In any mode, if the key is pressed for approx. 1 second, the Control output OFF
function will work.
When the function is working, the function cannot be released. Even if the insrument
power is turned off and on again, and the function is not released.
To release the function, press the key for 1 second.

The setting value is registered by pressing the key.


In any setting item, if the key is pressed for approx. 3 seconds, the mode returns to
the PV/SV display.

8
SETUP FCS-23A

3. Setup
3.1 Taking the internal assembly out
Before the power supply to this instrument is on, take the internal assembly out from
the case by pushing the hook (bottom of the instrument) in the direction indicated
by the arrow and holding the notches.

[Fig. 3.1-1]

3.2 Switch setting (multi-function)


Using a small slotted screwdriver and tweezers, set the Sensor input, Alarm 1 action,
Alarm 2 action, Control action, Heating (reverse)/Cooling (direct) action, Alarm 1 and 2
standby functions, Unit / and Program starting form Auto/Manual change by
rotary switch and DIP switch by the following procedure.
The rotary switch A2 (SW301) is equipped only when the option A2 is applied.

Control action designation Alarm 2 action type designation


Heating/Cooling action designation Alarm 1 action type designation
Alarm 1 standby action designation Sensor input designation
Alarm 2 standby action designation
/ designation
Sensor input designation
Program start Auto/Manual
designation

Rotary switch

DIP switch
[Fig. 3.2-1]

9
SETUP FCS-23A

The following items can be designated by the DIP switch (SW304).


Factory adjusted as all switches OFF [ ].
[Table 3.2-1]
Item Sw. No. Designation Switch status
Fuzzy self-tuning PID action No.1: OFF No.2: OFF
1
PID action No.1: ON No.2: OFF
Control action and
PD action No.1: OFF No.2: ON
2
ON/OFF action No.1: ON No.2: ON
Heating/Cooling Heating (reverse) action No.3: OFF
3
action Cooling (direct) action No.3: ON
Alarm 1 (A1) No standby action No.4: OFF
standby action 4 Standby action No.4: ON

Alarm 2 (A2) No standby action No.5: OFF


standby action 5 Standby action No.5: ON
(*1)
No.6: OFF
/ 6
No.6: ON
K, J, R, B, N, PL- , No.7: OFF
Sensor input Pt100, JPt100 (With decimal point)
7
(*2) S, E, T, C, No.7: ON
Pt100 (Without decimal point)
Program start Manual start No.8: OFF
8
Auto/Manual Automatic start No.8: ON

*1: The standby function will not work if the option A2 is not applied.
*2: The sensor input can be designated by the combination of this item and the rotary
switch sensor input (SW303). (See page 11.)

Program start: This item is available for the program control.


Manual start : Program starts by pressing the key.
Automatic start : Set program is automatically started from step 1 by turning the power
supply to the instrument on (after 2 seconds of warm-up status).

10
SETUP FCS-23A

Select the sensor type by rotary switch sensor input (SW303).


Factory adjusted as K, [ ].

[Table 3.2-2]
Rotary Sw. DIP Sw. Type of
Scale range
No. No. 7 sensor

0 OFF K -200 to 1370 -320 to 2500

1 OFF J -200 to 1000 -320 to 1800

2 OFF R 0 to 1760 0 to 3200

3 OFF B 0 to 1820 0 to 3300

4 OFF PL- 0 to 1390 0 to 2500

5 OFF N 0 to 1300 0 to 2300

6 OFF Pt100 -199.9 to 850.0 -199.9 to 999.9

7 OFF JPt100 -199.9 to 500.0 -199.9 to 900.0

0 ON S 0 to 1760 0 to 3200

1 ON E 0 to 1000 0 to 1800

2 ON T -199.9 to 400.0 -199.9 to 750.0

3 ON C (W/Re5-26) 0 to 2315 0 to 4200

7 ON Pt100 -200 to 850 -320 to 1560

11
SETUP FCS-23A

The alarm action type and the pattern end output when program control can be
designated by the rotary switch A1 (SW302) and A2 (SW301).
The rotary switch A2 (SW301) is equipped only when the option A2 is applied.

Rotary switch A1 (SW302): Alarm 1 (A1) action or Pattern end 1 output.


Rotary switch A2 (SW301): Alarm 2 (A2) action or Pattern end 2 output.

Factory adjusted as No alarm action, [ ].


[Table 3.2-3]
A1 Rotary Sw. A2 Rotary Sw.
Alarm 1 action Alarm 2 action
(Sw302) No. (Sw301) No.

No alarm action 0 No alarm action 0

High limit alarm 1 High limit alarm 1

Low limit alarm 2 Low limit alarm 2

High/Low limits alarm 3 High/Low limits alarm 3

Hi/Lo limit range alarm 4 Hi/Lo limit range alarm 4

Process high alarm 5 Process high alarm 5

Process low alarm 6 Process low alarm 6

Pattern end 1 output 7 Pattern end 2 output 7

3.3 Insertion of the internal assembly


When the setup is completed, insert the internal assembly into the case.
Firmly insert the assembly until it is locked by the hook at the bottom of the instrument.
(There will be a clicking sound.)

Caution
Do not confuse the top and bottom of the internal assembly.
If inserting the assembly into the case by force in the wrong direction, the PCB
may be damaged.

12
OPERATIONS FCS-23A

4. Operations
4.1 Operating flow chart
Instrument power ON

Warm-up status (For approx. 2s, displays as shown on page 15.)

Control output OFF function


1s
PV/SV display mode Output manipulating value
3s

Step rest time *1

+ + 3s
[Main setting mode] [Sub setting mode] [Auxiliary function setting mode 1]
Main setting Setting value memory No. selection Setting value lock
PV PV
designation
PV
Auto-tuning Perform/Cancel
PV
*2 Main setting value
Proportional band setting high limit setting
PV PV

Integral time setting Main setting value


PV
low limit setting
PV
Derivative time setting
PV
Sensor correcting
Proportional cycle setting value setting
PV PV

Manual reset setting Instrument number


PV
setting
PV
Alarm 1 (A1) setting
PV
Transfer rate selection
PV
Alarm 2 (A2) setting
PV
Communication protocol
Loop break alarm time setting selection
PV PV

Loop break alarm span setting


PV

13
OPERATIONS FCS-23A

: Options
+ : Press the key while the key is being pressed.
+ 3s: Press the key for approx. 3 seconds while the key is
being pressed.
+ + 3s: Press the key for approx. 3 seconds while the and
keys are being pressed.
+ 3s : Pressing the key, press the key for approx. 3 seconds.
*1: Step rest time is indicated only during program control.
*2: If the Auto-tuning is performed, the mode reverts to the PV/SV display.
If the Auto-tuning is released, the mode will move to “Proportional band setting”.
*3: In the mode Program control change, if is selected and the key is
pressed, the display reverts to the PV/SV display mode.
Set the temperature setting of program in the Sub setting mode, Auxiliary fuction
setting mode 1 and 2.

+ + 3s + 3s
[Auxiliary function
setting mode 2] [Program mode]
Scaling high limit Alarm 1 (A1) hysteresis Program control change *3
setting setting
PV PV PV

Scaling low limit Alarm 2 (A2) hysteresis Step 1 time setting


setting setting
PV PV PV

PV filter time constant Alarm 1 (A1) action Step 2 time setting


setting delayed timer setting
PV PV PV

Main output high limit Alarm 2 (A2) action Step 3 time setting
setting delayed timer setting
PV PV PV

Main output low limit Display selection when Step 4 time setting
setting control output off
PV PV PV

Main output ON/OFF Main setting value Step 5 time setting


action hysteresis setting rising rate setting
PV PV PV

Alarm 1 (A1) action Main setting value Step 6 time setting


Energized/Deenergized falling rate setting
PV PV PV

Alarm 2 (A2) action Step 7 time setting


Energized/Deenergized
PV PV

14
OPERATIONS (PV/SV display mode) FCS-23A

4.2 Operations
The PV display indicates the sensor type and the SV display indicates the rated value
selected by Sensor input designation (page 10, 11) for approx. 2 seconds after the power
is turned on. See [table 4.2-1].

During this time, all outputs and LED indicators are in their off status.
After that, the actual temperature is displayed on the PV display, main setting value
on the SV display and starts control.
(1) PV/SV display mode
Instrument power ON

Warm-up status (For 2s)


[Table 4.2-1] Rated value

[Table 4.2-1]

Input
PV display SV display PV display SV display
K
J
R
B
PL-ll
N
S
E
T
C
Pt100
JPt100
Pt100

PV/SV display mode Mode during control.


Actual Main The contents of setting items nor setting values
Temperature setting value cannot be changed.

15
OPERATIONS (Main, Sub setting mode) FCS-23A

(2) Main setting mode


In the PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed, the Main setting mode will
be selected.
The setting value can be increased or decreased by pressing the and
keys.
If the key is pressed, the setting value will be registered and the controller will
revert to the PV/SV display.

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
Temperature value

Main setting
Setting Mode to set the setting value of the main control.
value
Setting range: From Main setting value low limit
to Main setting value high limit
[Factory adjusted as 0 ]
(3) Sub setting mode
In the PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed while the key is being
pressed, Sub setting mode will be selected.
The setting value can be increased or decreased by pressing the and
keys. If the key is pressed, the setting value is registered and the next
setting item will be selected.
PV/SV display mode
Actual Main setting
temperature value
+
Setting value memory Mode to select the memory number (file)
number selection to be set or to be called.
Selected Selecting items: 1 to 7
value [Factory adjusted as Memory number 1.]

Auto-tuning Perform/ Mode to designate the auto-tuning Perform or Cancel.


Cancel If Auto-tuning Perform is designated, and the
Designation key is pressed, the controller reverts to PV/SV
display mode.
(When Perform) To set the other values, cancel the Auto-tuning.
When the ON/OFF action or PD action is selected in
the Control action designation (page 10), this display is
not available.
16
OPERATIONS (Sub setting mode) FCS-23A

SV
(Auto-tuning Cancel)

SV
(Auto-tuning Perform)
[Factory adjusted as Auto-tuning Cancel]
If the Auto-tuning is released during the process,
the PID value reverts to the former value.

Proportional band setting Mode to set the proportional band.


Setting value Setting range: 0.1 to 999.9%
[Factory adjusted as 2.5%]
When the ON/OFF action is selected in control
action designation (Page 10), this display is not
available.

Integral time setting Mode to set the integral time.


Setting value Setting range: 0 to 3600s
[Factory adjusted as 200s]
Setting the value to 0 disables the function.
This display is not available when the ON/OFF action or
PD action is selected in Control action designation (page 10).

Derivative time setting Mode to set the derivative time.


Setting value Setting range: 0 to 3600s
[Factory adjusted as 50s]
Setting the value to 0 disables the function.
This display is not available when the ON/OFF action is
selected in Control action designation (page 10).

Proportional cycle setting Mode to set the proportional cycle


Setting value Setting range: 1 to 120s
[Factory adjusted as 30s to Relay contact output
type, and 3s to Non-contact voltage output type]
When the ON/OFF action is selected in Control action
designation (page 10), this display is not available.
This setting item is not available to Current output type.

With the Relay contact output type, if the proportional


cycle time is decreased, the frequency of the relay
action increases, and the life of the relay contact
is shortened.

17
OPERATIONS (Sub setting mode) FCS-23A

Manual reset setting Mode to set the reset value to correct the offset
Setting value (Deviation between SV and PV when equilibrium
status).
Setting range: proportional band converted value
[However, in the range, –199.9 to 999.9 ( )]
[Factory adjusted as 0.0 ]
This display is indicated only when PD action is designated in
the Control action designation (page 10).
Manual reset setting method:
When SV>PV, set the positive + value (SV–PV).
When SV<PV, set the negative – value (SV–PV).

Alarm 1 (A1) setting Mode to set the action point of the Alarm 1 (A1)
Setting value output.
This item is not displayed if setting the rotary switch
to No. 0 or No. 7 (See page 12.)
Setting range: See [table 4.2-2].
[Factory adjusted as 0 ]

Alarm 2 (A2) setting Mode to set the action point of the Alarm 2 (A2)
Setting value output.
This item is not displayed if the option [A2] is not
applied or even if it is applied, when setting the
rotary switch to No. 0 or No. 7 (See page 12.)
Setting range: See [table 4.2-2].
[Factory adjusted as 0 ]

18
OPERATIONS (Sub setting mode) FCS-23A

Setting range of Alarm 1 and 2


(The setting range is the same when the standby function is added.)
[Table 4.2-2]
Alarm type Setting range
High limit alarm –Input span to Input span
Low limit alarm –Input span to Input span
High/Low limits alarm 1 to Input span
High/Low limit range alarm 1 to Input span
Process high alarm Input range minimum to Input range maximum
Process low alarm Input range minimum to Input range maximum
For RTD input, the minimum value of the negative side is –199.9.

Loop break alarm Mode to set the time for Loop break alarm
time setting activation assessment.
Setting value Setting range: 0 to 200 minutes
[Factory adjusted as 0 minutes.]
This display is indicated only when the option [LA]
is applied.

Loop break alarm Mode to set the span for Loop Break Alarm
span setting activation assessment.
Setting value Setting range:
0 to 150 (Thermocouple, except T and RTD
without a decimal point)
0.0 to 150.0 (Thermocouple T and RTD
with a decimal point)
[Factory adjusted as 0 ]
This display is indicated only when the option [LA]
is applied.

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
Temperature value

19
OPERATIONS (Auxiliary function setting mode 1) FCS-23A

(4) Auxiliary function setting mode 1


In PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed for approx. 3 seconds while the
key is being pressed, Auxiliary function setting mode 1 can be selected.
The setting value can be increased or decreased by pressing the and
keys.
If the key is pressed, the setting value is registered and the next setting item
is selected.

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
Temperature value
+ for approx. 3s
Setting value lock Mode to lock the setting value to prevent error.
designation The setting item to be locked depends on the
Designation designation.
[Factory adjusted as Unlock status.]

Unlock status. All setting values are changeable.

None of the setting items can be changed.

Only main setting value is changeable.

All setting items can be changed, however, the


value returns to the former value after the power
off because the value is not written on the non-
volatile memory.
This mode is used when changing the value
temporarily.

Fuzzy self-tuning or Auto-tuning PID action will not


function if [ ] or [ ] is designated.

When designating Lock, designate Lock 1, 2 or 3 after


setting the necessary items in the status Unlock.

20
OPERATIONS (Auxiliary function setting mode 1) FCS-23A

As to the Lock mode 3


When using the FCS-23A as a Fixed value controller.
The setting values can temporarily be changed by the selected
setting value memory number, however, when the number is
changed, the setting values changed by the previous number are
canceled and returns to the former values.
When using the FCS-23A as a Program controller.
The setting values can temporarily be changed by the step
number performing, however, when the step number is changed,
the setting values are canceled and returns to the former values.
Setting value change is null when the controller is waiting for
running. The running starts by the values memorized.

Main setting value Mode to set the high limit of main setting value.
high limit setting (If scaling high limit value is changed,
Setting value this setting value will be changed as well.)
Setting range: Main setting value low limit to
scaling high limit value
[Factory adjusted as 400 ]

Main setting value Mode to set the low limit of main setting value.
low limit setting (If scaling low limit value is changed,
Setting value this setting value will be changed as well.)
Setting range: Scaling low limit value to
main setting value high limit
[Factory adjusted as 0 ]

Sensor correction setting Mode to set the correct value of the sensor.
Setting value Setting range: –100.0 to 100.0
[Factory adjusted as 0.0 ]

Instrument number setting Mode to set the Instrument number individually


Setting value to each instrument when communicating by
connecting multiple instruments in serial
communication.
Setting range: 0 to 95 [Factory adjusted as 0]
This display is available only when the option
[C or C5] is applied.

21
OPERATIONS (Auxiliary function setting mode 1) FCS-23A

Transfer rate selection Mode to select a communication transfer rate


Selection to meet the rate of the host computer.
[Factory adjusted as 9600bps]

2400bps

4800bps

9600bps

19200bps

This display is available only when the option [C or C5]


is applied.

Communication protocol Mode to select a communication protocol


selection between the FCS-23A and the host computer.
Selection [Factory adjusted as ]

Shinko standard protocol

Based on Modbus, ASCII mode

This display is available only when the option [C or C5]


is applied.

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
Temperature value

22
OPERATIONS (Auxiliary function setting mode 2) FCS-23A

(5) Auxiliary function setting mode 2


In PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed for approx. 3 seconds while the
and keys are being pressed, Auxiliary function setting mode 2 can be
selected.
The setting value can be increased or decreased by pressing the and
keys.
If the key is pressed, the setting value is registered and the next setting item is
selected.
PV/SV display mode
Actual Main setting
Temperature value
+ + for approx. 3s
Scaling high limit setting Mode to set the high limit value of the scaling.
Setting value If scaling high limit value is changed, main setting
high limit value will be changed to the scaling
high limit value as well.
Setting range: Scaling low limit value to
input range maximum value
[Factory adjusted as 1370 ]

Scaling low limit setting Mode to set the low limit value of the scaling.
Setting value If scaling low limit value is changed, main setting
low limit value will be changed to the scaling
low limit value as well.
Setting range: Input range minimum value to
scaling high limit value
[Factory adjusted as –200 ]

PV filter time constant Mode to suppress the PV fluctuation caused by


Setting such as disturbance.
Setting value Set the value larger by degrees, and find the setting
value at which the value does not fluctuate.
If the value is set too large, it affects control result
due to the delay of response.
Setting range: 0.0 to 10.0s
[Factory adjusted as 0.0s]

23
OPERATIONS (Auxiliary function setting mode 2) FCS-23A

Main output high limit setting Mode to set the high limit value of the main output.
Setting value Setting range: Main output low limit value to 105%
Setting greater than 100% is effective to the type
Current output. [Factory adjusted as 100%]
This display is not available for the ON/OFF action.

Main output low limit setting Mode to set the low limit value of the main output.
Setting value Setting range: –5% to Main output high limit value
Setting less than 0% is effective to the type
Current output. [Factory adjusted as 0%]
This display is not available for the ON/OFF action.

Main output ON/OFF Mode to set the ON/OFF action hysteresis of the
action hysteresis setting main control output.
Setting value Setting range: 0.1 to 100.0
[Factory adjusted as 1.0 ]

This display is indicated only when the ON/OFF action


is designated in Control action designation (page10).

Alarm 1 (A1) action Mode to select the action Energized or Deenergized


Energized/Deenergized for Alarm 1.
Selection [Factory adjusted as Energized]

This display is not indicated when the rotary switch is set to No. 0
or No. 7 in Alarm 1 action designation (page 12).

Energized

Deenergized

24
OPERATIONS (Auxiliary function setting mode 2) FCS-23A

Alarm 2 (A2) action Mode to select the action Energized or Deenergized


Energized/Deenergized for Alarm 2.
Selection [Factory adjusted as Energized]

This display is not indicated when the rotary switch is set to No. 0
or No. 7 in Alarm 2 action designation (page 14), or the option
[A2] is not applied.
Selection items: The same as those of the alarm 1 (A1) action
Energized/Deenergized selection.

Alarm 1 hysteresis setting Mode to set the hysteresis value for Alarm 1.
Setting value Setting range: 0.1 to 100.0
[Factory adjusted as 1.0 ]
This display is not indicated when the rotary switch is set to No. 0
or No. 7 in Alarm 1 action designation (page 12).

Alarm 2 hysteresis setting Mode to set the hysteresis value for Alarm 2.
Setting value Setting range: 0.1 to 100.0
[Factory adjusted as 1.0 ]
This display is not indicated when the option [A2] is not applied
and when the rotary switch is set to No. 0 or No. 7 in Alarm 2
action designation (page 12) even if the option [A2] is applied.

Alarm 1 (A1) action Mode to set the action delayed timer for Alarm 1.
delayed timer setting Setting range: 0 to 9999s
Setting value [Factory adjusted as 0s]
Alarm output is turned on when the setting time has passed
after the input gets into the alarm output range.
This display is not indicated if the rotary switch is set to
No. 0 or No. 7 in Alarm 1 action designation (page 12).

25
OPERATIONS (Auxiliary function setting mode 2) FCS-23A

Alarm 2 (A2) action Mode to set the action delayed timer for Alarm 2.
delayed timer setting Setting range: 0 to 9999s
Setting value [Factory adjusted as 0s]
Alarm output is turned on when the setting time has passed
after the input gets into the alarm output range.
This display is not indicated when the option [A2] is not applied
and when the rotary switch is set to No. 0 or No. 7 in Alarm 2
action designation even if the option [A2] is applied (P.12).

Display selection when Mode to select the display when the control output
control output is off is off.
Selection [Factory adjusted as indicating OFF on the PV
display]

OFF is indicated on the PV display.

No indication (all unlit).

Only PV is indicated.

Main setting value Mode to set the rising rate of the main setting
rising rate setting value. (Rising value per minute)
Setting value Setting the value to 0 or 0.0 disables the function.

Setting range:
0 to 9999 /min. Thermocouple, except T and RTD
without a decimal point
0.0 to 999.9 /min. Thermocouple T and RTD with
a decimal point
[Factory adjusted as 0 /min.]

26
OPERATIONS (Auxiliary function setting mode 2) FCS-23A

Main setting value Mode to set the falling rate of the main setting
falling rate setting value. (Falling value per minute)
Setting value Setting the value to 0 or 0.0 disables the function.

Setting range:
0 to 9999 /min. Thermocouple, except T and RTD
without a decimal point
0.0 to 999.9 /min. Thermocouple T and RTD
with a decimal point
[Factory adjusted as 0 /min.]

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
temperature value

27
OPERATIONS (Program mode) FCS-23A

(6) Program mode


In PV/SV display mode, if the key is pressed for approximately 3 seconds while
the key is being pressed, the Program mode can be selected.
The setting value can be increased or decreased by pressing the and
keys.
If the key is pressed, the setting value is registered and the next setting item is
selected.

As to the setting values of the step 1 to 7, each setting value for setting value memory
number 1 to 7 set during the Fixed value control is assigned respectively. For example,
values in memory number 1 are assigned to the values for step 1, and number 2 for
step 2.

If the Pattern end output is designated and the program control is performed,
the Pattern end output is turned on when the program is completed.

When the Pattern end output is on and if the key is pressed, the Pattern end
output is turned off. If the key is pressed again, the program will be performed.
If some steps are unnecesary, set the times 00.00 for the step numbers not used.

Program Example
Step number (Setting
1 2 3 4 5 6 7
value memory number)
Main setting value 500 500 1000 1000 200 200 100
Proportional band 2.0 1.8 2.0 1.8 2.5 1.8 2.0
Integral time 180 80 180 80 200 80 200
Derivative time 30 20 30 20 50 20 50
Proportional cycle 30 30 30 30 30 30 30
Alarm 1 2 5 2 5 10 0 5
Alarm 2 2 5 2 5 10 0 5
Step time 00:30 01:00 00:40 01:00 02:00 00:30 01:00
1000

500

28
OPERATIONS (Program mode) FCS-23A

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
temperature value
+ for approx. 3s
Program control change Control form is changed between Fixed value
Setting value of and Program.
fixed value control

In Fixed value control, if the key is pressed,


(Fixed value the mode will revert to the PV/SV display.
control)
Fixed value control

Program control
[Factory adjusted as Fixed value control]

Following dislay is available only when Program control.

Step 1 Time setting Mode to set the Time for step 1.


Setting value 00.00
Minute indication
Hour indication
For example, when setting 1 hour 58 minutes,
set as [ ].
Setting range: 00.00 to 99.59
[Factory adjusted as 00.00]

Step 2 Time setting Mode to set the Time for step 2.


Setting value [The setting range and the factory adjusted value
are the same as Step 1.]

Step 3 Time setting Mode to set the Time for step 3.


Setting value [The setting range and the factory adjusted value
are the same as Step 1.]

Step 4 Time setting Mode to set the Time for step 4.


Setting value [The setting range and the factory adjusted value
are the same as Step 1.]

29
OPERATIONS (Program mode) FCS-23A

Step 5 Time setting Mode to set the Time for step 5.


Setting value [The setting range and the factory adjusted value
are the same as Step 1.]

Step 6 Time setting Mode to set the Time for step 6.


Setting value [The setting range and the factory adjusted value
are the same as Step 1.]

Step 7 Time setting Mode to set the Time for step 7.


Setting value [The setting range and the factory adjusted value
are the same as Step 1.]

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
temperature value

30
OPERATIONS (Control output OFF function) FCS-23A

(7) Control output OFF function


A function to turn the control output OFF even if the power to the instrument is
supplied. The function is used when required to halt the control action or when the
FCS-23A is not being used in multiple controllers.
Control output OFF function can be selected from any mode by pressing the
key for approx. 1 second.
The display is the same as when [Display selection when control output is off] is
selected. (See page 26.)

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
temperature value
for approx. 1s [From any mode, as an example]
Control output OFF function 1s Manual reset setting
(*) [Unlit] Setting value
for approx. 1s

(*): PV display indicates [OFF indication], [No indication] or


[Only PV] selected in Display selection when control output is off
(page 26).

Notice
Once the Control output OFF function is enabled, the function cannot be released
even if the power to the instrument is turned OFF and turned ON again.
To cancel the function, press the key again for approx. 1 second.

In the program control, the Control output OFF function cannot be used because
the key functions as Program Start/Stop key.

31
OPERATIONS (Manipulating value and Step time indication ) FCS-23A

(8) Output manipulating value and Step rest time indication mode
In the PV/SV display mode, press the key for approx. 3 seconds.
The display will be changed to main setting mode in the process, however, keep
pressing it until the Output manipulating value is displayed.
If the key is pressed again, the mode reverts to the PV/SV display.
During program control, if the key is pressed in Output manipulating value
indication, the Step rest time indication will be selected.
If the key is pressed again, the mode reverts to the PV/SV display.

PV/SV display mode


Actual Main setting
temperature value
for approx. 3s
Output manipulating
value indication mode
Actual manipulating Manipulating value is indicated on the SV display
temperature value by the blinking the decimal point.

(Fixed value (Program control)


control)
Step rest time indication
Actual Step Step rest time is indicated on the SV display.
temperature rest time

32
SETTING VALUE MEMORY FUNCTION FCS-23A

5. Setting value memory number external selection [Option code: SM]


If the option SM is applied, setting value memory number 2 can be selected by
external operation.
The option SM cannot be applied in combination with option A2, LA, C or C5.

● Wiring connection of setting value memory number external selection

1 6
3( ) (Color of wire: Red) 3
2 2(NC) 7 2
NC
1( ) (Color of wire: Blue) 1
3 8

4 9

5 10

The Setting value memory number 2 can be selected by shorting between 1 and 3.

If Setting value memory number 2 is selected by the Open collector, connect the
pin No.1 to the collector and the pin No. 3 to the emitter.

When the Setting value memory number 2 is selected by external operation,


the number cannot be selected by front key operation.
Memory number cannot be changed during setting mode or PID auto-tuning.

33
RUNNING FCS-23A

6. Running
After the controller has been mounted to the control panel and wiring is
completed, it can be started in the following manner.
6.1 When using the FCS-23A as a Temperature controller
(1) Turn the power supply to the FCS-23A ON.
For approx. 2s after the power is switched ON, the type of sensor and the unit
designated in Sensor input designation (page 11) will be indicated on the
PV display, and the rated maximum value will be indicated on the SV display.
See [table 6.1-1].
During this time, all outputs and LED indicators are in their OFF status.
After that, the display turns to the PV/SV display.
When the Control output OFF function is working, the item selected in the
[Display selection when control output is off] is displayed on the PV display.
(See page 26.)
[Table 6.1-1]
Input
PV display SV display PV display SV display
K
J
R
B
PL-ll
N
S
E
T
C
Pt100
JPt100
Pt100

(2) Input the setting value, referring to Chapter 4. Operations (page 13ff).
When controlling by Fuzzy self-tuning PID action, designate [Perform] in the
Auto-tuning Perform/Cancel function to start the control in optimum conditions.
(3) Turn the load circuit power ON.
Starts the control action so as to keep the controlled object at the main
setting value.

34
RUNNING FCS-23A

6.2 When using the FCS-23A as a Simplified program controller


(1) Turn the power supply to the FCS-23A ON.
For approx. 2s after the power is turned ON, the type of sensor and the unit
designated in Sensor input designation (page 11) are indicated on the PV
display, and the rated maximum value is indicated on the SV display.
See [table 6.1-1].
During this time, all outputs and LED indicators are in their OFF status.
After that, the display reverts to the PV/SV display.
When the Control output OFF function is working, the item selected in Display
selection when control output is off is displayed on the PV display. (See page 26.)
(2) Input each setting value and each step time referring to Chapter 4. Operations
(page 13ff).
Then the PV display will indicate the actual temperature and the status turns standby.
(3) Turn the load circuit power ON.
(4) Program control start
If Automatic start is designated in the Program start Auto/Manual designation (page
10), it will switch to warm-up status for approx. 2 seconds after the power is turned on,
and then will automatically start the program control from step 1.
If Manual start is designated in Program start Auto/Manual designation (page 10),
it will switch to warm-up status for approx. 2 seconds after the power is turned on,
and then it reverts to standby status. In this status, if the key is pressed,
it starts the program control from the step 1.
While the program control is being performed, the change of Step number (Setting
value memory number) is ineffective.
To end the program control during the process.
The program control is ended if the key is pressed for approx. 1 second or
longer.
To change the displays.
In the PV/SV display, if the key is pressed for approximately 3 seconds,
the Output manipulating value display mode is activated, and if the key
is pressed again, the Step rest time display will be indicated (see page 29.).
Instrument status when power failure is restored.
When power is restored after a power failure occurs during program control,
the FCS-23A performs the program continuously.
The PV display blinks until the step at which the power failure occurs is finished.

35
ACTION EXPLANATIONS FCS-23A

7. Action explanations
7.1 Standard action
Action Heating (reverse) action Cooling (direct) action
Proportional band Proportional band
ON ON
Control
action
OFF OFF
Setting Setting
Relay contact

6 6 6 6 6 6

7 7 7 7 7 7
(*1) (*1)
Non-contact

6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 +
12Vdc 12/0Vdc 0Vdc 0Vdc 0/12Vdc 12Vdc
voltage

Output
7 7 7 7 7 7
(*1) (*1)

6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 + 6 +
Current

20mAdc 20 to 4mAdc 4mAdc 4mAdc 4 to 20mAdc 20mAdc


7 7 7 7 7 7
(*2) (*2)
Indicator
[OUT] Green Lit Unlit Unlit Lit

(*1) Cycle action is performed according to deviation.


(*2) Changes continuously according to deviation.

36
ACTION EXPLANATIONS FCS-23A

7.2 ON/OFF action

Action Heating (reverse) action Cooling (direct) action


Hysteresis Hysteresis
ON ON
Control
action
OFF OFF
Main setting Main setting
Relay contact

6 6 6 6

7 7 7 7

+ 6 + + +
Non-contact

6 6 6
12Vdc 0Vdc 0Vdc 12Vdc
voltage

Output
7 7 7 7

6 + 6 + 6 + 6 +
Current

20mAdc 4mAdc 4mAdc 20mAdc


7 7 7 7

Indicator
[OUT] Green Lit Unlit Unlit Lit

: Either ON or OFF

7.3 Pattern end action

Program control end Pattern end output is


released by pressing 3 3 3
the OUTOFF key.
ON
4 4 4
OFF
[Time] Unlit Lit Unlit

Pattern end output is turned ON when the program control is ended, and it is
not released until the key is pressed.

37
ACTION EXPLANATIONS FCS-23A

7.4 Alarm 1 (A1) and 2 (A2) actions


High limit alarm Low limit alarm
Hysteresis Hysteresis
ON ON
Temperature
alarm action OFF OFF
Main Alarm Alarm Main
setting setting setting setting

3 3 3 3
Output
4 4 4 4
Indication
Unlit Lit Lit Unlit
High limit alarm with standby Low limit alarm with standby
Hysteresis Hysteresis
ON ON
Temperature
alarm action OFF OFF
Main Alarm Alarm Main
setting setting setting setting

3 3 3 3
Output
4 4 4 4
Indication
Unlit Lit Lit Unlit
High/Low limits alarm High/Low limit range alarm
Hysteresis Hysteresis
ON ON
Temperature
alarm action OFF
OFF
Alarm Main Alarm Alarm Main Alarm
setting setting setting setting setting setting
3 3 3 3 3 3
Output
4 4 4 4 4 4
Indication
Lit Unlit Lit Unlit Lit Unlit
Standby function works at part.
and shows the action point of the alarm output.
Output terminals for Alarm 2: 3 – 5

38
ACTION EXPLANATIONS FCS-23A

High/Low limits alarm with standby High/Low limit range alarm with standby
Hysteresis Hysteresis
ON ON
Temperature
alarm action OFF OFF
Alarm Main Alarm Alarm Main Alarm
setting setting setting setting setting setting
3 3 3 3 3 3
Output
4 4 4 4 4 4
Indication
Lit Unlit Lit Unlit Lit Unlit
Process high alarm Process low alarm
Hysteresis Hysteresis
ON ON
Temperature
alarm action OFF OFF
Alarm Alarm
setting setting

3 3 3 3
Output
4 4 4 4
Indication
Unlit Lit Lit Unlit
Process high alarm with standby Process low alarm with standby
Hysteresis Hysteresis

ON ON
Temperature
alarm action OFF OFF
Alarm Alarm
setting setting

3 3 3 3
Output
4 4 4 4
Indication
Unlit Lit Lit Unlit

Standby function works at part.


and shows the action point of the alarm output.
Output terminals for Alarm 2: 3 – 5

39
CONTROL ACTIONS FCS-23A

8. Control actions
8.1 Fuzzy self-tuning
Fuzzy self-tuning is a function to perform a fine adjustment of PID values
automatically. The stable control can be carried out even if the conditions
of the process are changed due to things like change in types and rates of
production.
(1) When the control is rising, the controller performs the control by the PID
values tuned in advance.
(2) When the control result is disordered by the disturbance or a change in the
process, the controller checks the converging status, and performs a fine
adjustment of PID values if necessary.
(a) If the convergence is performed smoothly, the PID values are not changed.
(b) If the convergent speed is slow, the controller corrects the PID values
to accelerate the convergence.
(c) When overshoot is generated during the convergence, the controller corrects
the PID values so as not to generate the overshoot.
(d) When hunting is generated, the controller checks the waveform and performs
fine adjustment of PID values.
(3) The controller can be used without Fuzzy self-tuning by designating the
internal switch.
(4) When using the controller for the first time, perform the PID auto-tuning
or set the proper PID values by key operation.

The instrument is always in self-tuning status itself, and when deviation is


created, it starts the tuning. Even if in Fuzzy self-tuning status, when
very large hunting is caused and the control is not stabilized, it starts
auto-tuning automatically.

When the auto-tuning performance is designated by the key operation,


tuning is initiated, and when the control is stabilized, the auto-tuning is
released and returns to self-tuning status.

When lock mode [ ] or [ ] is designated, Fuzzy self-tuning


or Auto-tuning PID action cannot work.

With the control system in which load fluctuation periodically occurs,


the Fuzzy self-tuning may fall into malfunction.
In such a case, use the controller with the PID auto-tuning mode.

40
CONTROL ACTIONS FCS-23A

8.2 Explanations of PID


(1) Proportional band (P)
Proportional action is the action which the control output varies in proportion
to the deviation between the setting value and the processing temperature.
If the proportional band is narrowed, even if the output changes by a slight
variation of the processing temperature, better control results can be obtained
as the offset decreases.
However, if the proportional band is narrowed too much, even slight
disturbances may cause variation in the processing temperature, and control
action changes to ON/OFF action and the so called hunting phenomenon occurs.
Therefore, when the processing temperature comes to the balanced position
near the setting value and a constant temperature is maintained, the most
suitable value is selected by gradually narrowing the proportional band
while observing the control results.

(2) Integral time (I)


Integral action is used to eliminate offset. When the integral time is shortened,
the returning speed to the setting point is quickened. However, the cycle
of oscillation is also quickened and the control becomes unstable.

(3) Derivative time (D)


Derivative action is used to restore the change in the processing temperature
according to the rate of change. It reduces the amplitude of overshoot and
undershoot width.
If the derivative time is shortened, restoring value becomes small, and if the
derivative time is made longer, an excessive returning phenomenon may
occur and the control system may be oscillated.

41
CONTROL ACTIONS FCS-23A

8.3 PID auto-tuning of this controller


In order to set each value of P, I, D and ARW automatically, the auto-tuning
process should be made to fluctuate to obtain an optimal value.
(1) When the difference between setting value and processing temperature
is large when the temperature rises.
The AT process will fluctuate at the temperature 1.5% of scaling span lower
than the setting value.
1.5% of scaling span
Setting value

Temperature Controlling action is performed


with the values set by PID
auto-tuning.

Time [Figure 8.3-1]

(2) When the control is stable or when control temperature is within ±1.5%
of scaling span.
The AT process will fluctuate around the setting value.

Starting point of auto-tuning

Setting value
Controlling action is performed
with the values set by PID
Temperature auto-tuning.

Time [Figure 8.3-2]

(3) When the control temperature is 1.5% or greater of scaling span higher
than the setting value.
The AT process will fluctuate at the temperature 1.5% of scaling span higher
than the setting value.
1.5% of scaling span

Setting value
Controlling action is performed
Temperature with the values set by PID
auto-tuning.

Time [Figure 8.3-3]


42
OTHER FUNCTIONS FCS-23A

9. Other functions
(1) Burnout alarm
(Upscale)
When the thermocouple or RTD is burnt out or the input value exceeds
[Rated scale maximum value +1% of rated scale span], the control output
is turned OFF (main output low limit value for the current output type)
and the PV display blinks [ ].
With the input RTD Pt100 ( ), if the input value is greater than 999.9, the
PV display blinks [ ], however, the control is performed to [rated scale
maximum value +1% of rated scale span].

(Downscale)
When the input value falls to [Rated scale minimum value –1% of rated scale
span] or less, the control output is turned OFF (main output low limit value
for the current output type), and the PV display blinks [ ].
For the Thermocouple T or RTD input, if the input falls to less than –199.9,
the PV display blinks [ ], however, the control is performed to [rated
scale minimum value –1% of rated scale span].

(2) Self-diagnostic function


The CPU is monitored by a watchdog timer, and when any abnormal status is
found on the CPU, the controller is switched to warm-up status.

(3) Automatic cold junction temperature compensation (Thermocouple input type)


This detects the temperature at the connecting terminal between thermocouple
and the instrument, and always keeps it at the same status as when the
reference junction is located at 0 [32 ].

(4) Warm-up indication


For approximately 2 seconds after the power supply to the instrument is
turned on, the type of input and the temperature unit are indicated on the PV
display, and the maximum input rated value on the SV display.

(5) Setting value ramp function


When the main setting value is adjusted, it approaches the new setting value
by the set rate of change.
When the power is turned on, the control starts from the PV (process variable)
and approaches the main setting value by the rate of change.

43
MOUNTING TO CONTROL PANEL FCS-23A

10. Mounting to control panel


10.1 Site selection
This instrument is intended to be used under the following environmental
conditions (IEC61010-1): Overvoltage category , Pollution degree 2
Mount the controller in a place with:
(1) A minimum of dust, and an absence of corrosive gases
(2) No flammable, explosive gases
(3) No mechanical vibrations or shocks
(4) No exposure to direct sunlight, an ambient temperature of 0 to 50 (32 to122 )
that does not change suddenly
(5) An ambient non-condensing humidity of 35 to 85%RH
(6) The controller away from large capacity electromagnetic switches or cables
through which large current is flowing
(7) No water, oil or chemicals or where the vapors of these substances can
come into direct contact with the unit
10.2 External dimension drawing
One-touch type mounting bracket

44.5

48 10 100

[Fig. 10.2-1]
Screw type mounting bracket
44.5
59.7

48 10 100
[Fig. 10.2-2]
10.3 Panel cutout drawing
45+0.5
0
75

+0.5
n x 48-3
+0.5

0
45 0

Lateral close mounting


+0.5
[Fig. 10.3-1] 45 0 n: Number of units mounted
44
MOUNTING TO CONTROL PANEL FCS-23A

10.4 Mounting
• When using the One-touch type mounting bracket
Mounting panel thickness is 1 to 3mm.
Mount one-touch mounting bracket 1 1
to the body in advance, and then
Insert the FCS-23A 2 from the
front of the panel.
If Soft front cover [FC-48-S] is used, 2
the mounting panel thickness will be
1 to 2.5mm.

1
[Fig. 10.4-1]

• When using the Screw type mounting bracket [Option code: BL]
Mounting panel thickness is 1 to 15mm.
Insert the FCS-23A from the front of the panel.
Slot the mounting bracket to the holes at the top and bottom of the case,
and screw in place.

Notice
As the case is made of resin, do not use excessive force while screwing in the
mounting bracket. The torque is approximately 0.12N•m.

[Fig. 10.4-2]

45
WIRING CONNECTION FCS-23A

11. Wiring connection

Warning
Turn the power supply to the instrument off before wiring or checking.
Working or touching the terminal with the power switched on may result
in an Electric Shock which could cause severe injury or death.
Moreover, the instrument must be grounded before the power supply to the
instrument is turned on.

11.1 Terminal arrangement

[Control output]
1 6 Non-contact
24Vdc voltage output or
2 7 current output

[Control output]
1 6
SM Relay contact
100 to 240Vac
or 24Vac output
2 7
A
3 8 8
A1/P.end 1 B
4 9 RTD TC
A2/P.end 2/LA B
5 10 10

RS-232 C, C5 RS-485
TX (color of wire: Yellow) YA ( ) (color of wire: Yellow)
RX (color of wire: Blue) YB ( ) (color of wire: Blue)
COM (color of wire: Black) COM (color of wire: Black)

YA ( ) (color of wire: Yellow)


YB ( ) (color of wire: Blue)
COM (color of wire: Black)
[Fig. 11.1-1]

A1 : Alarm 1 (A1) LA : Loop break alarm


A2 : Alarm 2 (A2) SM : Setting value memory number
P. end 1: Pattern end 1 external selection
P. end 2: Pattern end 2 C, C5 : Serial communication

46
WIRING CONNECTION FCS-23A

• The terminal block of this instrument is designed to be wired from the left side.
The lead wire must be inserted from the left side of the terminal, and fastened
with the terminal screw.
• Dotted lines show options (page 52), no terminal is equipped if it is not specified.
• If the Alarm 2 (pattern end 2 output) is applied with a combination of the Loop break
alarm output, the output terminal is common.
• Serial communication [C, C5] cannot be applied in combination with the options
[A2], [LA] and [SM].
Alarm 2 (A2) is applied, however, it does not involve the alarm output but
provides the functions for indication and communication.

Notice
• Use a thermocouple and compensating lead wire according to the input
specifications of this controller.
• Use a 3-wire RTD system according to the input specifications of this controller.
• This controller has neither built-in power switch nor fuse. Therefore, it is
necessary to install them in the circuit near the external controller.
(Recommended fuse: Time-lag fuse, rated voltage 250V, rated current 2A)
• In the case of 24Vdc for power source, do not confuse the polarity.
• For the relay contact output type, use an external auxiliary electromagnetic
switch to protect the built-in relay contact.
• When wiring, keep the input wire (Thermocouple, RTD, etc.) away from AC
source and the load wire to avoid external interference.
2
• Use a thick wire (1.25 to 2.0mm ) for the earth ground.

n Solderless terminal
Use a solderless terminal with an isolation sleeve in which an M3 screw fits as shown
below.
3.2mm 3.2mm
5.8mm or less
5.8mm or less

Solderless
Manufacturer Model name Tightening torque
terminal
Nichifu Terminal Industries CO.,LTD. 1.25Y-3
Y type Japan Solderless Terminal MFG CO.,LTD. VD1.25-B3A 0.6N•m
Nichifu Terminal Industries CO.,LTD. 1.25-3 Max. 1.0N•m
Round type Japan Solderless Terminal MFG CO.,LTD. V1.25-3

47
WIRING CONNECTION FCS-23A

11.2 Wiring examples


3-phase
100 to 240V AC or
24V AC/DC

Power supply for Electromagnetic


Alarm unit * switch

Alarm unit (for


temperature alarm)
Heater
Thermocouple Electric furnace
[Fig. 11.2-1]
* To prevent the unit from harmful effects of unexpected level noise, it is
recommended that a surge absorber be installed between the electromagnetic
switch coils. Single phase

24V SSR

Heater

Thermocouple

Alarm unit (for Electric furnace


temperature alarm) [Fig. 11.2-2]

• The connectable SSRs in parallel are 4 units if the Shinko SSRs


(SA-200 series) are used.
• AC or DC is available to supply voltage 24V, however, do not confuse
the polarity when DC is applied.

48
SPECIFICATIONS FCS-23A

12. Specifications
12.1 Standard specifications
Mounting method : Flush
Setting : Input system using membrane sheet key
Display
PV display : Red LED display 4 digits, size, 8(H) x 4(W)mm
SV/MV/TIME display : Green LED display 4 digits, size, 8(H) x 4(W)mm
Indicating accuracy
Thermocouple input : Within ±0.3% of input range full scale ±1digit
however, for R or S input, the range 0 to 200 (400 ),
within ±6 (12 )
When B input, the range 0 to 300 (600 ),
accuracy is not guaranteed.
When K, J, T input, the range less than 0 (32 ),
within ±0.5% of full scale ±1digit
(Cold junction compensating accuracy, ±1 , at 0 to 50 )
RTD input : Within ±0.3% of input range full scale ±1digit
Setting accuracy : The same as indicating accuracy
Input sampling period : 0.125 seconds
Input
Thermocouple : K, J, R, S, B, E, T [JIS, IEC], C (W/Re5-26) [ASTM],
N (IEC) and PL-ll (NBS)
External resistance, 100 or less
In the case of input burnout, Upscale
RTD : Pt100 (JIS, IEC), JPt100, 3-wire system
Allowable input lead wire resistance,
10 or less per wire
In the case of input burnout, Upscale
Control output
Relay contact : 1a
Control capacity,
250Vac 3A (resistive load)
250Vac 1A (inductive load cosø=0.4)
Non-contact voltage : For SSR drive
12+20Vdc maximum 40mAdc (short circuit protected)
Current : 4 to 20mAdc (Isolated type)
Load resistance, maximum 550

49
SPECIFICATIONS FCS-23A

Alarm 1 (A1) output


The alarm action point is set by ±deviation to main setting (except Process value
alarm).
[When the alarm action is set as energized]
When the input exceeds the range, the output turns ON or OFF
(in the case of High/Low limit range alarm).
[When the alarm action is set as deenergized]
The output acts conversely.

One of the alarms can be selected by rotary switch and DIP switch from 14
types of alarm; High limit alarm, Low limit alarm, High/Low limits alarm,
High/Low limit range alarm, Process high alarm and Process low alarm,
and the standby function is applied to them respectively, as well as
No alarm and Pattern end output.

Setting accuracy : Within ±0.3% of input range full scale ±1digit


Action : ON/OFF action
Hysteresis setting range, 0.1 to 100.0 ( )
Output : Relay contact 1a
Control capacity, 250Vac 3A (resistive load)
250Vac 1A (inductive load cosø =0.4)
(However, A1, A2 common terminal, Max. 3A)
Controlling action
The fuzzy self-tuning PID, PID, PD or ON/OFF action is selectable by DIP switch.

Fuzzy self-tuning PID action


Proportional band (P) : Automatic
Integral time (I) : Automatic
Derivative time (D) : Automatic
Anti-reset windup (ARW) : Automatic
Proportional cycle : 1 to 120s
Output limiter : 0 to 100% (In the case of Current output, –5 to 105%)
PID action (with auto-tuning function)
Proportional band (P) : 0.1 to 999.9%
Integral time (I) : 0 to 3600s (off when set to 0)
Derivative time (D) : 0 to 3600s (off when set to 0)
Anti-reset windup (ARW) : Automatic
Proportional cycle : 1 to 120s
Output limiter : 0 to 100% (In the case of Current output, –5 to 105%)

50
SPECIFICATIONS FCS-23A

PD action
Proportional band (P) : 0.1 to 999.9%
Derivative time (D) : 0 to 3600s (Off when set to 0)
Proportional cycle : 1 to 120s
Reset : ±Proportional band converted value
Output limiter : 0 to 100% (In the case of Current output, –5 to 105%)
ON/OFF action
Hysteresis setting range : 0.1 to 100.0 ( )
Supply voltage : 100 to 240Vac 50/60Hz, 24Vac/dc 50/60Hz
Allowable voltage fluctuation:
100 to 240Vac: 85 to 264Vac
24Vac/dc : 20 to 28Vac/dc
Ambient temperature : 0 to 50 (32 to 122 )
Ambient humidity : 35 to 85%RH (non-condensing)
Power consumption : Approx. 8VA
Circuit insulation configuration

1 Isolated Control output 6


Power source
2 (OUT) 7

CPU
3 8
Alarm 1 (A1) output 9
4 Input
Alarm 2 (A2) output
5 10

Option SM Option C, C5

When control output is Current output type or Non-contact voltage output


type (the SSR drive), between Input and Output is non-isolated.

Insulation resistance
10M or greater at 500Vdc
Dielectric strength
Between input terminal and ground terminal, 1.5kVac for 1 minute
Between input terminal and power terminal, 1.5kVac for 1 minute
Between power terminal and ground terminal, 1.5kVac for 1 minute
Between output terminal and ground terminal, 1.5kVac for 1 minute
Between output terminal and power terminal, 1.5kVac for 1 minute
Weight : Approx. 140g
External dimension : 48 x 48 x 100mm (W x H x D)
Material : Base and Case, Flame resisting resin
Color : Base and Case, Light gray
51
SPECIFICATIONS FCS-23A

Attached functions : Power failure countermeasure


Self-diagnostic function
Automatic cold junction temperature compensating function
Sensor burnout function [upscale, downscale]
Accessories : Mounting bracket 1 set
Instruction manual 1 copy
Unit nameplate 1 sheet
Wire harness CO 1 piece [When the option C is applied.]
Wire harness CO 1 piece [When the option C5 is applied.]
Wire harness C5
Terminal cover 1 piece [When the option TC is applied.]

12.2 Optional specifications


Alarm 2 output [A2]
The alarm action point is set by ±deviation to main setting (except Process value
alarm).
[When the alarm action is set as energized]
When the input exceeds the range, the output turns ON or OFF
(in the case of High/Low limit range alarm).
[When the alarm action is set as deenergized]
The output acts conversely.

One of the alarms can be selected by rotary switch and DIP switch from 14 types
of alarm: High limit alarm, Low limit alarm, High/Low limits alarm, High/Low limit
range alarm, Process high alarm and Process low alarm and the standby function
is applied to them respectively, as well as No alarm and Pattern end output.
When Alarm 2 output (A2) and Loop break alarm output (LA) are applied together,
the output terminal is common.

Setting accuracy : Within ±0.3% of input range full scale ±1digit


Action : ON/OFF action
Hysteresis setting range, 0.1 to 100.0 ( )
Output : Relay contact 1a
Control capacity, 250Vac 3A (resistive load)
250Vac 1A (inductive load cosø=0.4)
(However, A1 and A2 common terminal, Max. 3A)
Loop break alarm output [LA]
Detects the breaking status on the loop such as heater burnout, sensor burnout or
the operation end trouble.
When Loop break alarm output (LA) and Alarm 2 output (A2) are applied together,
the output terminal is common.

52
SPECIFICATIONS FCS-23A

Output Relay contact 1a


Control capacity, 250Vac 3A (resistive load)
250Vac 1A (inductive load, cosø=0.4)

Serial communication [C or C5]


The options [Code; A2, LA and SM] cannot be applied in combination with this option.
Alarm 2 (A2) is applied, however, it does not involve the alarm output but
provides the functions for indication and communication.
The following operations can be executed from the external computer.
(1) Reading and setting of the Main setting value, PID values and various
setting values.
(2) Reading of the input value and the action status.
(3) Change of the functions.
Communication circuit Based on EIA RS-485 [Option code: C5]
Based on EIA RS-232C [Option code: C]
Communication method Half-duplex communication start-stop synchronous
Data transfer rate 2400, 4800, 9600 and 19200bps
(selectable by key operation)
Data format Start bit : 1
Data bit : 7
Parity : Even parity
Stop bit : 1
Digital external setting:
Receives digital setting value from PC-600 series [option: SVTC] or PC-900
series [option: C5].
PC-600 series: Set all instrument numbers of FCS-23A to 31.
PC-900 series: Set the setting value lock mode to Lock 3.
Communication protocol: Shinko standard protocol or
the protocol based on Modbus (Selectable by key)
(When selecting the protocol based on Modbus,
digital external setting is not available.)

Setting value memory number external selection [SM]


Selects the setting value memory number (under mentioned data as one file)
by external terminal.
(Main setting value, PID values, Alarm 1 setting value, Main output high limit value,
Main output low limit value)
The options [Code: A2, LA or C, C5] cannot be applied in combination with this option.
Data: 7

53
SPECIFICATIONS FCS-23A

Color black [BK]


Front panel: Dark gray
Case : Black
Terminal cover [TC]
Electrical shock protecting terminal cover
Dust-proof•Drip-proof [IP]
Dust-proof and Drip-proof specification (IP54)
Effective for only panel surface, case part is excluded.
Effective only when the control panel surface to be mounted is vertical.

[Fig. 12.2-1]
Designated specifications
Input, Scale range : Shipped as designated range.
Alarm action : Shipped as designated alarm action (A1, A2).
Control action : Shipped as designated control action.

54
TROUBLESHOOTING FCS-23A

13. Troubleshooting
If any malfunctions occur, refer to the following items after checking the
power supply on.

Warning
Turn the power supply to the instrument off before wiring or checking.
Working or touching the terminal with the power switched on may
result in an Electric Shock which could cause severe injury or death.
Moreover, the instrument must be grounded before the power supply to the
instrument is turned on.

<Indication>
Phenomena Presumed cause and solution
If the PV display is • Control output OFF function is working.
indicating [ ] Press the key for approx. 1s to release
or no indication. the function. (page 31)
• Thermocouple or RTD is burnt out.
[In the case of Thermocouple]
If the input terminal between 8-10 of the
instrument is connected, and if nearby room
temperature is indicated, the instrument should be
normal and the sensor may be burnt out.
If [ ] is [In the case of RTD]
blinking on the If approx. 100 of resistance is connected
PV display. to the input terminal between A-B of the
instrument and between B-B is connected, and
if nearby 0 (32 ) is indicated, the
instrument should be normal and the sensor
may be burnt out.
• Lead wire of thermocouple or RTD is not securely
mounted to the instrument terminal.
If [ ] is • Polarity of thermocouple or compensating lead wire
blinking on the is reversed.
PV display. • Codes (A, B, B) of RTD do not agree with the
instrument terminal.

55
TROUBLESHOOTING FCS-23A

<Indication>
Phenomena Presumed cause and solution
• Designation of the Sensor input is improper.
Set the Sensor input properly by the Rotary switch
(SW303) and the DIP switch (SW304).
(page 10, 11)
If indication • Temperature unit ( or ) is mistaken.
of PV display Set the unit properly by the DIP switch. (page 10)
is abnormal or • Sensor correcting value is unsuitable.
unstable. Set the value suitably. (page 21)
• Specification of the Thermocouple or RTD is improper.
• AC may be leaking into thermocouple or the RTD
circuit.
• There may be an equipment producing an inductive
fault or noise near the controller.

<Key operation>
Phenomena Presumed cause and solution
If it is impossible to • Setting value lock (mode 1 or 2) is designated.
set various values. Release the lock designation. (page 20)
If the value does • During PID auto-tuning.
not change by the Cancel the tuning if necessary. (page 16)
, keys.
If the setting
indication does not
change in the rated • Main setting value high limit or low limit may be
scale range even if set at the point the value does not change.
the , keys Set it again by Auxiliary function setting
are pressed, and it mode 1.
is impossible to set.
If it does not start
even if the key • Step time is not set.
is pressed in the Set the step time. (page 29, 30)
Program mode.

56
TROUBLESHOOTING FCS-23A

<Control>
Phenomena Presumed cause and solution
• Thermocouple or RTD is burnt out.
[In the case of Thermocouple]
If the input terminals between 8-10 of the
instrument is connected, and if nearby room
temperature is indicated, the instrument should be
normal and sensor may be burnt out.
If process variable [In the case of RTD]
(temperature) does If approx. 100 of resistance is connected
not rise. to the input terminals between A-B of the
instrument and between B-B is connected, and
if nearby 0 (32 ) is indicated, the instrument
should be normal and sensor may be burnt out.
• Lead wire of thermocouple or RTD is not securely
mounted to the instrument terminal.
• Program mode is selected.
If it does not If running by Program mode, press the key.
control. When performing by Fixed value control, press the
(Indicates only key for approx. 3s while the key is
PV display) being pressed to select the Fixed value control
mode. (page 29)
If the main output • Main output low limit value is set to 100% or greater
has kept its ON in Auxiliary function setting mode 2.
status. Set the value appropriately. (page 24)
If the main output • Main output high limit value is set to 0% or less
has kept its OFF in Auxiliary function setting mode 2.
status. Set the value appropriately. (page 24)

If any unexplained malfunctions occur other than the above mentioned, make
inquiries at our agency or the shop where you purchased the unit.

57
CHARACTER TABLE FCS-23A

14. Character table


<Main setting mode>
Character Item Initial value Data
Main setting 0

<Sub setting mode>


Character Item Initial value Data
Setting value memory number 1
Auto-tuning Perform/Cancel - - - -: Cancel
Proportional band 2.5%
Integral time setting 200s
Derivative time setting 50s
Proportional cycle R/M: 30s
S/M: 3s
Manual reset setting 0.0
Alarm 1 setting 0
Alarm 2 setting 0
Loop break alarm time setting 0 minutes
Loop break alarm span setting 0

58
CHARACTER TABLE FCS-23A

<Auxiliary function setting mode 1>


Character Item Initial value Data
Setting value lock designation - - - -: Unlock
Main setting value high limit 400
Main setting value low limit 0
Sensor correction setting 0.0
Instrument number setting 0
Transfer rate selection 9600bps
Communication protocol : Shinko
selection standard protocol

<Auxiliary function setting mode 2>


Character Item Initial value Data
Scaling high limit setting 1370
Scaling low limit setting -200
PV filter time constant 0.0 seconds
Main output high limit setting 100%
Main output low limit setting 0%
Main output ON/OFF action 1.0
hysteresis
Alarm 1 action Energized/Deenergized : Energized
Alarm 2 action Energized/Deenergized : Energized
Alarm 1 hysteresis setting 1.0
Alarm 2 hysteresis setting 1.0
Alarm 1 delayed timer setting 0 seconds
Alarm 2 delayed timer setting 0 seconds
Display selection when control
output is off
Main setting value rising rate 0 /minute
Main setting value falling rate 0 /minute

59
CHARACTER TABLE FCS-23A

<Program mode>
Character Item Initial value Data
Program control change Fixed value control
Step 1 time setting 00.00
Step 2 time setting 00.00
Step 3 time setting 00.00
Step 4 time setting 00.00
Step 5 time setting 00.00
Step 6 time setting 00.00
Step 7 time setting 00.00

60
FCS-23A

Loop break alarm


The alarm will be activated when the process variable (PV) does not rise as much
as the span or greater within the time it takes to assess the loop break alarm
after the manipulating value has reached 100% or the output high limit value.
The alarm will also be activated when the process variable (PV) does not fall as
much value as the span or greater within the time it takes to assess loop break alarm
after the manipulating value has reached 0% or the output low limit value.
When the control action is Direct (Cooling), the alarm acts conversely.

Sensor correction function


Corrects the input value from the sensor. When a sensor cannot be set
at a location where control is desired, the sensor measuring temperature
may deviate from the temperature in the controlled location.
When controlling with multiple controllers, the accuracy of sensors have influence
on the control. Therefore, sometimes the measuring temperature (input value)
does not concur with the same setting value. In such a case, the control
can be set with desired temperature by shifting the input value of sensors.

Energized/Deenergized function
[If the alarm action energized is selected]
When the alarm output action indicator is lit, the alarm output (terminal 3-4, 3-5)
is conducted (ON). When the alarm output action indicator is unlit, the alarm output
is not conducted (OFF).

[If the alarm action deenergized is selected]


When the alarm output action indicator is lit, the alarm output (terminal 3-4, 3-5)
is not conducted (OFF). When the alarm output action indicator is unlit, the alarm
output is conducted (ON).

61
FCS-23A

62
FCS-23A

63
***** Inquiry *****

For any inquiries about this unit, please contact the shop
where you purchased the unit after checking the following.

[Example]
• Model --------------------------- FCS-23A-R/M
• Type of input ------------------ K
• Option --------------------------- A2
• Instrument number ---------- No. xxxxxx

In addition to the above, please let us know the details of


the malfunction, if any, and the operating conditions.

SHINKO TECHNOS CO.,LTD.


OVERSEAS DIVISION
Reg. Office : 2-48, 1-Chome, Ina, Minoo, Osaka, Japan
Mail Address : P.O.Box 17, Minoo, Osaka, Japan
URL : http://www.shinko-technos.co.jp Tel : 81-72-721-2781
E-mail : overseas@shinko-technos.co.jp Fax: 81-72-724-1760

No. FCS21E7 2004.03


64