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 of  Daily    
Living  (ADLs)    

Background   Current  Research  

•  ADLs  refer  to  the  general  self-­‐care  tasks   •  For  adults  in  the  U.S,  the  most  common  
that  an  individual  performs  each  day,   tasks  that  pa#ents  require  help  with  
such  as  toile#ng  and  dressing.   are  bathing,  dressing,  toile#ng,  
•  ADLs  are  essen#al  for  independent   transferring,  and  ea#ng.    
living  and  are  o@en  used  as  a  tool  by   •  Nearly  4  in  10  adults  living  in  a  
health  professionals  to  assess  the   residen#al  care  community  in  the  U.S  
current  and  future  abili#es  of  a  pa#ent.     require  help  with  at  least  3  or  more  
•  ADLs  become  more  difficult  with  age,   ADLs  each  day.    
and  while  they  may  be  impaired  at   •  The  most  common  condi#ons    in  the  
other  points  of  the  lifespan  by  an  injury,   U.S  that  require  assistance  with  ADLs  
they  are  most  frequently  studied   are  hypertension,  demen#as,  heart  
among  older  adults.       The  figure  above  visually  shows  the  most  common  types  of   disease,  depression,  arthri#s,  and  
  ADLs  that  individuals  in  assisted  living  communi#es  required   osteoporosis,  respec#vely.    
Assessment   help  with.    
Relevance  to  the  Field  
•  In  a  tradi#onal  assessment  of  ADLs,  the   •  ADLs  are  one  of  the  most  important  
pa#ents  level  of  self-­‐independence  is   1.  Caffrey,  C.  (2012).  Residents  living  in  residen-al  care  facili-es:  United   tools  u#lized  in  health  care  because  
evaluated  by  observing  them  in  a   States,  2010.  U.S.  Dept.  of  Health  and  Human  Services,  Centers  for  Disease   they  help  determine  a  pa#ents  living  
clinical  seGng.     Control  and  Preven#on,  Na#onal  Center  for  Health  Sta#s#cs.  
status  and  whether  or  not  they  are  
•  Another  common  method  is  the   2.  Dogan,  M.,  Kocak,  M.,  Kilinc,  O.,  &  Ayvat,  F.  (2019).  Func#onal  range  of  
mo#on  in  the  upper  extremity  and  trunk  joints:  Nine  func#onal  everyday   suited  to  be  living  independently.    
magnitude  es#ma#on  technique,  which   tasks  with  iner#al  sensors.  Gait  &  Posture,70,  141-­‐147.   •  Exercises  related  to  ADLs  can  greatly  
creates  a  measure  that  is  comparable   3.  Finch,  M.,  Kane,  R.,  &  Phillip,  I.  (1995).  Developing  a  New  Metric  for   improve  a  pa#ents  mobility  and  range  
to  the  means  for  func#onal   ADLs.  Journal  of  the  American  Geriatrics  Society,  43(8),  877-­‐884.   of  mo#on.  
dependencies  to  help  determine  where   4.  Kim,  H.,  Yoo,  E.,  Jung,  M.,  Kim,  J.,  Park,  J.,  &  Kang,  D.  (2018).  The  effects  of  
mental  prac#ce  combined  with  modified  constraint-­‐induced  therapy  on  
•  Older  adults  who  par#cipate  in  ADLs  
the  pa#ent  falls  in  regards  to  others   exercises  of  sufficient  intensity  and  
cor#cospinal  excitability,  movement  quality,  func#on,  and  ac#vi#es  of  daily  
their  age.     living  in  persons    with  stroke.  Disability  &  Rehabilita-on,40(20),   repe##on  have  shown  to  have  a  
•  Social  rhythm  metric,  robo#c  gloves,   2449-­‐2457.   reduc#on  in  the  risk  of  func#onal  
and  other  complex  instruments  have   5.  Poncet,  F.,  Swaine,  B.,  Du#l,  E.,  Chevignard,  M.,  &  Pradat-­‐Diehl,  P.  (2017).  
limita#ons  by  almost  50%,  which  helps  
also  been  used  to  examine  ADLs.   How  do  assessments  of  ac#vi#es  of  daily  living  address  execu#ve  func#ons:  
A  scoping  review.  Neuropsychological  Rehabilita-on,  27(5),  618-­‐666.   promote  independency  and  overall  
quality  of  life.