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Smart Room Power Controller

An ordinary automatic room power control circuit has only one light sensor. So
when a person enters the room it gets one pulse and the lights come 'on.' When the
person goes out it gets another pulse and the lights go 'off.' But what happens when
two persons enter the room, one after the other? It gets two pulses and the lights
remain in 'off' state. The circuit described here overcomes the above-mentioned
problem. It keeps a tab on the number of people enters the room and number of
people leaves the room. When ever the number persons remain in the room become
zero power to the room is switched off. If somebody enters the room again the
power is restored.
Also an Automatic Fan Speed controller changes fan speed as a function of
the room temperature. This result in a more comfortable room condition as well as
saving in electric bill. A temperature sensor and phase angle power control system
is employed for fan speed control.
Smart Room Power Controller

IR
Interruption 230VAC
Detector

LAMP

Direction Pulse Up/Down


Comparator Triac
Detector Generator Counter Driver

Amplifier Comparator FAN


Temp
Sensor PWM
+ Output Triac
- Driver
Auto / Man
+ 230VAC

Manual Zero crossing


Speed Ramp
Detector
Generator

-
5V

R 1 R 2
470 10K

U 1A

5 1
D Q
3 5V 5V
C LK
D 1 2
3

IR L E D Q 1 Q R 5

R
S
4013 10K 5V

16
IR N P N U 3 U 2

4
U 3A 5V 4 6 10
A Q A A 0
1

VD D
C D 4538 12 11 12

16
13 B Q B 14 13 A 1
C 1 2 6 3 C Q C 2 15 A 2
R C Q D Q D A 3

VD D
5V 9
0 .1 u F 1 5 7 11 B 0
U 2A
1 C X 15 C I C O 14 B 1
3 4 1 C LK 1 B 2
R 3 R 4 2 5 +T 9 P E 4 B 3 5
5V -T B /D A >Bi A>Bo
470 4 .7 K 7 10 3 6

VSS

VSS
Q U /D 5V A =Bi A=Bo O FF
4081 2 7

R
A <Bi A<Bo
4029
C D 4063BM S

8
3

8
5V
D 2
3

IR L E D Q 2

IR N P N
1

In t e r r u p t io n D e t e c t o r C o u n te r & C o m p a ra to r
R 5 180
R 1 R 2 5V 5V

2
5V VC C SW 1 U 3C
100K 10K
8 R 6 47K R 3

4
LM324 ~
1 10 470
+
U 1 U 2A 3 8 FAN
9
-
A u to /M a n
1

4
LM 35 LM 324
2 R 7 47K
-
+Vs

11

1
2 3

6
Vout +
U 4
T1 F1
R ef R am p
G N D

11
R 14 BT136D FU SE
R 8 Q 1
O FF BC 547 M O C 3022
47K
3

4
2 .2 K P W M G e n e ra to r
L IN E -P

T e m p e r a tu r e S e n s o r T ria c D rive r L IN E -N
5V 5V
R 5 180
5V 5V

VC C FU SE
R 9
R 16 F2
R 10 47K R 17
R 11 47K 470
47K
U 2B 10K
4

6 Q 3
- BC 547
7 R 15 LAM P
5 + Q 2 2
BC 547 1

6
LM 324 2 .2 K U 5
T2
11

D S1
R 12
47K R 13 BT136D
C 5 47K
10uF M O C 3022

4
M anual L a m p C o n tro l
O f fs e t S peed
5V 5V

R 14 D 4

R 15
330K 1N 4148 15K
D 5 D 6 R 16 R 17
R 18 R 19 10K 10K
330K 270 R 21 C 6 R 22
1N 4007 1N 4007 U 6 +
L IN E -P
R 20 1 6 47K
100K 10uF
5 Q 11 K
L IN E -N D 7 D 8 R ef R am p
BC 547
2 4
230V A C C 7
1N 4007 1N 4007 C N Y 1 7 -1
R 23 Q 2 0 .1 u F
120K Q 3 BC 547
BC 547
R 24
Q 4
BC 547

100K C 8
R 25 0 .2 2
10K

R e fe r e n c e R a m p G e n e r a t o r
Z e ro C ro s s in g D e t e c t o r

+12V 5V
LM 7805 U 5
1N 4007 D 2
1 T2 5 1 3
P IN O U T
G N D

6
1N 4007 D 3
230V A C
4 8
N
C 4 C 3 C 2 C 1
2

9 V -0 -9 V /1 A
4 7 0 u F /2 5 V 100nF 1 0 0 u F /1 6 V 100nF

P o w e r S u p p ly