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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC

MICROCONTROLLER

MAJOR PROJECT REPORT


DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC MICROCONTROLER
In partial fulfillment for the award of the degree
of
BACHELOR OF ENGINEERING
in
ELECTRICAL ENGINERING

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING

GYAN GANGA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCES,


JABALPUR (M.P.)

RAJIV GANDHI PROUDYOGIKI VISHWAVIDYALAYA,


BHOPAL (M.P.)

NOVEMBER - 2013

DEPARTMENT OF ELECCTRICAL ENGG., GGITS JABALPUR Page 1


DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

GYAN GANGA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCES,


JABALPUR (M.P.)

DECLARATION
We hereby declare that the project entitled “DESIGNING OF LCF METER
USING PIC MICROCONTROLER”, which is being submitted towards partial
fulfillment of the requirement for award of the Degree of Bachelor of Engineering in Electrical
Engineering to “RAJIV GANDHI PROUDYOGIKI VISHWAVIDYALAYA, BHOPAL (M.P.)”
is an authentic record of our own work done under the guidance of Ms. NIDHI MISHRA,
Assistant Professor in Department of Electrical Engineering, GYAN GANGA INSTITUTE OF
TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCES, JABALPUR.
The matter reported in this Project has not been submitted earlier
for the award of any other degree.

Date: /NOV/2018
Place: JABALPUR ANKIT DIXIT (0206EE151010)
BAVESH KHAMKAR (0206EE151019)
POOJA LODHI(0206EE151054)
SHIVANI THAKUR(0206EE151072)
TANYA CHOUKSEY(0206EE151082)
ABHISHEK NAVIK (0206EE163D01)

GYAN GANGA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCES,


JABALPUR (M.P.)

DEPARTMENT OF ELECCTRICAL ENGG., GGITS JABALPUR Page 2


DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the report on Project “DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER”
has been submitted for the award of Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical Engineering). This
project has been completed under my guidance and supervision.
Submitted by
ANKIT DIXIT (0206EE151010)
BHAVESH KHAMKAR(0206EE151019)
POOJA LODHI (0206EE151054)
SHIVANI THAKUR (0206EE151072)
TANYA COUKSEY(0206EE151082)
ABHISHEK NAVIK(0206EE151082)

This report is in accordance with the requirement of degree of Bachelor of Engineering


(Electrical Engineering), awarded by Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal
(M.P.)

Prof. RAJEEVE CHAUHAN Prof. NIDHI MISHRA


HOD Guide
Dept. of Electrical Engg. Dept. of Electrical Engg.

DEPARTMENT OF ELECCTRICAL ENGG., GGITS JABALPUR Page 3


DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

GYAN GANGA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCES,


JABALPUR (M.P.)

DEPARTMENT OF ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING


CERTIFICATE
This is to certify that the project report " DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING
PIC MICROCONTROLLER” has been completed and submitted by the students of
Bachelor of Engineering (Electrical Engineering).
Submitted by
ANKIT DIXIT (0206EE151010)
BHAVESH KHAMKAR (0206EE151019)
POOJA LODHI (0206EE151054)
SHIVANI THAKUR (0206EE151072)
TANYA CHOUKSE(0206EE1510
ABHISHEK NAVIK(0206EE151082)

This report is in accordance with the requirement of degree of Bachelor of Engineering


(Electrical Engineering), awarded by Rajiv Gandhi Proudyogiki Vishwavidyalaya, Bhopal
(M.P.).

Internal Examiner External Examiner


Date: /NOV/2018 Date: /NOV/2018

DEPARTMENT OF ELECCTRICAL ENGG., GGITS JABALPUR Page 4


DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

GYAN GANGA INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY & SCIENCES,


JABALPUR (M.P.)

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT
We take this opportunity to express deep sense of gratitude to Prof. RAJEEVE
CHAUHAN Head of “ELECTRICAL ENGG. DEPARTMENT” for his encouragement and
kind approval. Also we thank him in providing the workshop and laboratory facilities. We would
like to express our sincere regards to him for advice and counseling from time to time
We sincerely express indebtedness to esteemed and revered guide “Ms. NIDHI
MISHRA”, Professor in Department of Electrical Engineering for her invaluable guidance,
supervision and encouragement throughout the work. Without her kind patronage and guidance
the project would not have taken shape.
. We owe sincere thanks to all the lecturers in ELECTRICAL ENGG. DEPARTMENT,
for their advice and counseling time to time.

Date: /NOV/2018

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

ABSTRACT

In present life electronics gadgets plays an important role in our daily life, From
cell phones to smart watches and also medical appliances, everything needs a
precise elements to work efficiently. The basis on which these devices rely is of
resistance , capacitance and inductance. These components are base of electronics
and there measurement is compulsory important. Keeping all these things in our
mind we are decided to make a project which measures Inductance and capacitance
& frequency using a microcontroller as a central peripheral. A display device is
also added to make the project digitally easy to read.

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

INDEX
1 Chapter 1: INTRODUCTION 08
1.1 Introduction of project 08
1.2 Principle 09
1.3 Block Diagram 11
1.4 Circuit Diagram 12

2. Chapter 2: PROJECT MODULES 10


2.1 Action Plan 13
2.2 Mile Stones 13
2.3 Allocation of Duties 14

3. Chapter 3: COMPONENTS 12
3.1 Parts and Price List 15

5. Chapter 5: CONCLUSION 23
5.1 Application of project 23
5.2 Advantages 23
5.3 Conclusion 23

6. REFERENCES 24

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

CHAPTER 1
INTRODUCTION

This is one of the most accurate and simplest LC inductance / capacitance Meters that one can
find, yet one that you can easily build himself. This LC Meter allows to measure incredibly small
inductances starting from 10nH to 1000nH, 1uH to 1000uH, 1mH to 100mH and capacitance
from 0.1pF up to 900nF. LC Meter's circuit uses an auto ranging system so that way you do not
need to spend time selecting ranges manually. Another neat function is reset switch that will
reset the initial inductance / capacitance, making sure that the final readings of the LC Meter are
as accurate as possible.

PRINCIPLE

To be able to determine the value of an unknown inductor / capacitor we can use the
frequency formula given below .Note that there are three variables that we can work
with; f, L and C (f represents a frequency, L inductance and C capacitance). If we
know the values of the two variables we may calculate the value of the third variable.
Lets say we want to determine the value of an unknown inductor with X inductance. We
plug X inductance into the formula and we also use value of a known capacitor. Using
this data we can calculate the frequency. Once we know the frequency we can use the
power of the algebra and rewrite the above formula to solve for L (inductance). This
time we will use the calculated frequency and a value of a known capacitor to calculate
the inductance. Isn't this amazing? We just calculated the value of unknown inductor,
and we may use the same technique to solve for the unknown capacitance and even
frequency.

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

BLOCK DIAGRAM

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

CIRCUIT DIAGRAM

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

CHAPTER 2
PROJECT MODULES
Action plan

Date Task
2 oct 2018 - 16 Sep 2018 Collection of information about project,Working
,Uses, Application
17 Sep 2018 - 4 Oct2018 Study of Circuit diagram
5 Oct 2018 - 8 Oct 2018 Study of components
9 Oct 2018 - 15 Oct 2018 Survey & Detail of components
16 Oct 2018 - 20 Oct 2018 Study of the Block diagram
21 Oct 2018 - 28 Oct 2018 Discussion with group
29 Oct 2018 - 30 Oct 2018 Discussion with guide
1 Nov 2018 - 10 Nov 2018 Report making (soft copy)
11 Nov 2018 - 15 Nov 2018 Report checked/ correction by guide
16 Nov 2018 Report printout
19 Nov 2018 Submission of project

Milestones

1. Literature Survey 2nd oct 2018


2. Market Survey 5th nov 2018
3. Report writing 11th Nov 2018

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

Allocation of Duties

MODULES ALLOTMENT OF RESPONSIBILTY

Literature Survey ankit dixit,bhavesh khamkar, pooja


lodhi,shivani thakur

Market Survey Tanya chauksey, ankit dixit, bhavesh


khamkar

Preparation of Final Report. Ankit dixit,pooja lodhi ,bhavesh


khamkar,Tanya chauksey ,shivani thakur.

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

CHAPTER 3
PARTS AND PRICE LIST

Number Quantity Rate/P.


1.IC
ATMEGA16 1` 150/-
LM358 1 45/-

LM7805 1 18/

1. Light Emitting Diodes (LED’s)

Red 4 15
2. Diodes
1N4007 4 20

3. Electrolytic Capacitors
1000F/25V 2 12.00
4. Variable Resistors
Preset 10k 2 5.00
5. Carbon Resistors (0.25W)

(10k,47k,1k,680,22) 25/-

6. Transformers
12/0/ 500mA 1 125.00

7. PCB

6” X 9” 1 300.00

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

10 Miscellaneous

IC Base (40 pin) 1 25.00


Liquid crystal display 16X2 1 300/-
Ferric Chloride 250gms. 180.00

Soldering Wire 20gms. 25.00


Connecting wires 2mtrs. 48.00
WIRE 15m 1 60/-
Wooden Box 1 60/-
Deck Fitter 1 55/-
-----------------------------------------------------------------
TOTAL RS
------------------------------------------------------------------

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DESIGNING OF LCF METER USING PIC
MICROCONTROLLER

CHAPTER 5

5.1 APPLICATIONS

5.2 ADVANTAGES

1.

5.4 CONCLUSION

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MICROCONTROLLER

REFERENCES

TEXT BOOKS REFERED:

1. “AVR and Embedded systems” by Muhammad Ali Mazidi and Janice Gillispie Mazidi ,

Pearson Education.

2. ATMEL ATMEGA16 Data Sheets.

WEBSITES

 www.atmel.com

 www.beyondlogic.org

 www.wikipedia.org

 www.howstuffworks.com

 www.alldatasheets.com

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