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22 A.1 Predict of mass transfer coefficients in closed channels.

Estimate the gas phase mass transfer coefficients for water vapor evaporating into air
at 2 atm and 25 oC, and a mass flow rate of 1570 lbm/hr, in the systems that follow.
Take DAB = 0,130 cm2/s.

(a) A 6-in i.d. vertical pipe with a falling film of water on the wall. Use the following
correlation for gases in a wetted-wall column :
Shloc = 0,023 Re0,83Sc0,44 (Re > 2000)
(b) A 6-in-diameter packed bed of water saturated spheres, with a = 100 ft-1

Solution :
4𝑊
𝐷(𝑣𝜌) 𝐷( 2 ) 4 𝑊
𝑅𝑒 = = 𝜋𝐷 =
𝜇 𝜇 𝜋 𝜇𝐷
Calculate μ (viscosity of air) and v (kinematic viscosity) using reprop at 25 oC with 2
atm, we get :

μ = 0,01846 cp = 0,0001846 g/cm.s


v = 0,07792 cm2/s

So,

1 ℎ𝑟 453,5 𝑔
4 𝑊 4 (1570 𝑙𝑏𝑚/ℎ𝑟)(3600 𝑠 )( 1 𝑙𝑏𝑚 )
𝑅𝑒 = =
𝜋 𝜇𝐷 3,14 (0,0001846 𝑔𝑟 . 𝑠)(6 𝑖𝑛 2,54 𝑐𝑚)
𝑐𝑚 1 𝑖𝑛
= 89580,26

Then,

𝑣 0,0779 𝑐𝑚2 /𝑠
𝑆𝑐 = = 0,60
𝐷𝐴𝑊 0,13 𝑐𝑚2 /𝑠

= 0,599

It follows that the Sherwood number


Shloc = 0,023 Re0,83Sc0,44

Shloc = 0,023 89580,260,830,5990,44

= 236,638

For calculate kc assumption D = 6 in = 15,24 cm

𝑘𝑐 . 𝐷
𝑆ℎ =
𝐷𝐴𝐵

𝑆ℎ 𝑥 𝐷𝐴𝐵
𝑘𝑐 =
𝐷
𝑐𝑚2
236,638 𝑥 0,130
𝑘𝑐 = 𝑠
15,24 𝑐𝑚

kc = 2,019 cm/s

b) Analogical mass transfer of Table 22.2-1

In equation 14.5-2 in section 14.5

𝐽𝐷 = 𝐽𝐻 = 2,19 𝑅𝑒 −2/3 + 0,78𝑅𝑒 −0,381

Equation 14.5 -3

6 𝐺𝑜
𝑅𝑒 =
𝛼𝜇

6 𝑥 89580,26
𝑅𝑒 =
1
100 𝑥 0,5 𝑓𝑡
𝑓𝑡

Re = 10749,63

So ,
𝐽𝐷 = 𝐽𝐻 = 2,19 𝑅𝑒 −2/3 + 0,78𝑅𝑒 −0,381

𝐽𝐷 = 𝐽𝐻 = 2,19 𝑥 10749,63−2/3 + 0,78 𝑥 10749,63−0,381

= 0,02749

Calculate k using table 22.2-1 :

𝐽 𝑘 2
𝐷= 𝑐 𝑆𝑐 3
𝑣𝑜
𝑘𝑐
0,02749 = 0,5992/3
𝑣𝑜

kc = 0,03868 vo

Superficial velocity :
𝑤
𝑣𝑜 = 𝜋 𝑅 2 𝜌𝑎𝑖𝑟

Air density given by the ideal gas law was :

𝑙𝑏𝑠
𝑃. 𝑀𝑎𝑖𝑟 . 2 𝑎𝑡𝑚 𝑥 28,97
𝜌𝑎𝑖𝑟 = = 𝑙𝑏 𝑚𝑜𝑙
𝑅𝑇 𝑎𝑡𝑚 𝑓𝑡 3
0,73 𝑥 536,67 𝑅
𝑙𝑏𝑚𝑜𝑙 𝑅
ρair = 0,1478 lbs/ft3

So,

1570 𝑙𝑏/ℎ𝑟
𝑣𝑜 = 2
1 𝑙𝑏𝑠
3,14 𝑥 (4 𝑓𝑡) 0,1478 3
𝑓𝑡

𝑓𝑡 1 ℎ𝑟 30,48 𝑐𝑚
𝑣𝑜 = 54127,199 𝑥 𝑥
ℎ𝑟 3600 𝑠 1 𝑓𝑡
𝑐𝑚
𝑣𝑜 = 458,27
𝑠
Calculate k :

kc = 0,03868 vo
𝑐𝑚
kc = 0,03868 x 458,27 𝑠

kc = 17,72 cm/s
It follows the