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K8 Karakorum Page-0

tayghp m;wd k ufa v,mOf ES if h wef ;jrifha vh usifh a &;av,mOf autd wf - yZmywd a &;onf
Light Attack and Multi Role Trainer Aircraft K8 Karakorum by Pazarpati

MMOS Pazarpati
K8 Karakorum Page-1

K8 Karakorum Fighter Aircraft

w½kwfEdkifiHrSxkwfvkyfaom K8 Karakorum av,mOfonf avhusifha&;*sufav,mOf wef;jrifhavhusifha&;


*sufav,mOf tjzpf4if; ajrjyifwdkufcdkufa&;ESifh a0[ifwdkufcdkufa&; tayghpm;wdkufav,mOftjzpf4if;
xkwfvkyfxm;jcif;jzpfonf/ tpD;a& 500 ausmfxkwfvkyfNyD;jzpfonf/ rlvu ygupöwefESifh
yl;wGJxkwfvkyfjcif;jzpfonf/ toHk;jyKrIvdktyfcsufESifh rSm,loltvdkt& rluGJ&SpfrsdK; xkwfvkyfxm;onf/
ESpfa,mufarmif;jzpfonf/ Subsonic av,mOfjzpfí wpfem&DvQifrdkif 498 txdtjrefqHk;ysHEdkifí
yHkrSeftm;jzifh wpfem&Drdkif 350^400 jzifhysHoef;Edkifonf/ tvsm; 38 ay &Snfí awmifyHxdyfESpfzuf
tus,f (teH) 31 ay 7 vufr&dSonf/ PC7 ESifh PC9 wdkYxuf 5 ay rQom tvsm;ydk&Snfonf/
teHrSm PC7 ESifh PC9 wdkYxufyif avQmhenf;onf/ tjrifhrSm 13 ay 9 vufrom&dSonf/
ao;i,fonf/ A4 Sky Hawk ESifhvnf; t½G,ftpm;rwdrf;r,drf;om&dSonf/
av,mOfcsnf;oufouftav;csdefrSm 3 wef (5ç924 aygif) &dSNyD; vl? vufeufESifh qDtyg (0efjynfh)
tav;csdef 5 wefeD;yg; (9ç546 aygif) wifaqmifEdkifonf/ (0efcsdef wpfwefcefY) wifEdkifonf/ c&D;rdkif
1ç400 txd toHm;tjyef (avxJwGif 3.2 em&DrS 4.4 em&D cefYtxdaeEdkif) ysHoef;Edkifonf/ tjrifhay
(42ç651 ay) txdwufEdkifonf/ avol&JtwGuf jrifuGif;aumif;rGefovdk ysHoef;rIpGrf;&nf
aumif;rGefojzifh avaMumif;pGrf;&nfjyav,mOftjzpf (aerobatics team) rsm;rS toHk;jyKMuonf/ K8
av,mOfESifh wdkufyGJ0if tawGUtBuHKrSmrl urÇmay:wGif jrefrmavol&Jrsm;om&dSonf/ wdkufyGJtwGif;
xdcdkufysufpD;rIESifh ysufusrI^ ypfcscH&rI r&dScJhacs/
jrefrmEdkifiHwGif tpD;a& 60 ausmf toHk;jyKaeonf[k EdkifiHwpfumESifh tifwmeuf owif;rsm;rS
qdkxm;onf/ jrefrmtpdk;&url (2015 cktwGif;) wyfawmf0ifyGJwpfckü K8W trsdK;tpm; 18 pD;om
toHk;jyKaeonf[k EdkifiHydkif½kyfoHVmersm;rS qdkxm;onf/ ,cktcsdefqdkvsif 20 rS 30 Mum;&dSEdkifonf/
“Myanmar Defense Weapons” wGifrl jrefrmEdkifiHonf w½kwfEdkifiHxHrS tqdkyg K8 Karakorum
av,mOfxkwfvkyfa&;twGuf TOT pmcsKyfcsKyfqdkí puf½Hkvdkuf0,f,lxm;onf[kqdkonf/ EdkifiHydkif
½kyfoHVmersm;ESifhowif;pmrsm;wGifrl K8W trsdK;tpm;udk jrefrmEdkifiHwGif udk,fwdkifwyfqifxkwfvkyfonf
[k az:jyxm;onfrsm;udkawGU&onf/ rnfodkYyifjzpfap w½kyf? ygupöwefESifh tD*spfNyD;vQif
jrefrmEdkifiHonf K8W trsdK;tpm; av,mOfudk trsm;qHk;toHk;jyKaomEdkifiHjzpfonf/ urÇmay:wGif k8
av,mOfjzifhppfqifa&;jyKvkyfaom tawGUtBuHKrSm jrefrmavol&Jrsm;om&dSonf/ yl;aygif;ppfa&;avhusifhrI
rsm;wGifvnf; k8 av,mOfrsm;yg0ifavhusifhonfudkawGU&onf/ ppfa&;jytcrf;tem;rsm;wGifvnf; k8
av,mOfrsm;yg0ifMuonfudkawGU&onf/

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K8 Karakorum Page-2

xdk K8W trsdK;tpm;av,mOfonf ajzmifhwef;onfhawmifyHESifh ½dk;&Sif;onfhyHko@efjzpfonf/


wdkufav,mOfrsdK;quf owfrSwfcsufpHrsm;ESifhMunfhygu tm;&p&mraumif;aomfvnf; oifhwifhaom
vufeufrsm; wyfqifxm;Edkifonfudk awGU&dS&onf/ avhusifha&;? ajrjyifypfulESifh jynfwGif;aomif;usef;rI
ESdrfeif;a&;twGuf tqifajyum supplementary low level air base defence twGufvnf;oHk;Edkifonf/
K-8 av,mOfonf tylcsdef -40°C rS 52°C Mum;aumif;pGm tvkyfvkyfEdkifonf/

23 rr puftajrSmufwpfvufESifh 57 rr (unguided rocket) ajrjyifypf'Hk; 24 vHk;wyfqifEdkifonf/


a0[ifwGif av,mOfjcif;ypf&eftwGuf PL5 ESifh PL7 'Hk;rsm;wyfqifEdkifonf/ vdktyfygu sidewinder
'Hk;usnfrsm;wyfqif toHk;jyKEdkifonf/ aygif 400 ESifh 500 vlowfAHk;ESifh >ywfcJAHk;rsm; o,faqmif
Edkifonf/ *gvH 80 qHhaomf jzKwfcsEdkifonfh qDwdkifuDESpfckygonf/ wefzdk;rSm av,mOfwpfpD;vsif
tar&duefa':vm 10 oef;jzpfonf/
K8 onf uGif;wdkqif;oufEdkifaom (Short TakeOff and Landing) av,mOfjzpfonf/
jrefrmEdkifiHtaejzifh EdkifiHwpf0Srf;vHk;&dSav,mOfuGif;wdkif;wGif tvkyfvkyfEdkifonf/ av,mOfajy;vrf;t&Snf
410 rDwm (ay 1400) cefYrS ysHwufEdkifí ajy;vrf;t&Snf 512 rDwm (ay 1650) cefYwGif
qif;oufEdkifojzifh *sufav,mOfrsm;xJwGif txl;uGif;wdkqif;oufEdkifaom av,mOf[kqdkEdkifonf/
acwfrSD ysHoef;a&;ESifh xdrf;csKyfa&;pepf trsdK;rsdK;ajymif;vJwyfqifEdkifonf/ ,lu&def;EdkifiHvkyf Ivchenko-
Progress AI-25TLK turbofan tif*sifudk t"du toHk;jyKxm;onf/ tcsdKUwGif pGrf;tm;ydkedrfYonfh
(aps;aygaom) Honeywell TFE731-2A-2A modular turbofan tif*sifudkvnf; oHk;xm;onf/
av,mOfudk,fxnfrSm ysHoef;csdef em&D 8ç000 oufwrf;&dSonf/ &mbmqDwdkifuD wyfqifxm;onf/
av,mOfrSL;cef;trdk; (Canopi) onf rSefjzifhwyfxm;ovdk yvyfpwpfjzifhwyfxm;onfvnf;&dSonf/
MMOS Pazarpati
K8 Karakorum Page-3

K8 Karakorum av,mOfudk EdkifiHaygif; 13 EdkifiHrS toHk;jyKaeonf/ zdvpfydkifESifh tif'dkeD;&Sm;rSvnf;


0,f,l&ef pdwf0ifpm;aeonf/ w½kwfEdkifiHwGif tpD;a& 190 toHk;jyKaeNyD; aemufxyf tpD;a& 400
rSmxm;onf/ ygupöwefwGif tpD;a& 60 toHk;jyKaeNyD; aemufxyf 32 pD; rSmxm;onf/ tD*spfEdkifiHwGif
tpD;a& 118 toHk;jyKaeonf/ AifeDZGJvm; avwyfwGif 18 pD; toHk;jyKaeNyD; aemufxyf tpD; 40
rSmxm;onf/ K8 Karakorum av,mOfESifh twef;pm;wl tvm;o@efwl EdIif;,SOfEdkifaom
av,mOfrsm;rSm
• tar&duefrS Aermacchi MB-339
• tar&duefrS Aero L-39 Albatros
• ,l*dkqvm;AD;,m;rS Soko G-4 Super Galeb
• tdE´d,rS HAL HJT-36 Sitara ESifh
• tpöa&;rS IAR 99 wdkYjzpfMuonf/

MMOS Pazarpati
K8 Karakorum Page-4

K8 Karakorum av,mOf\ rawmfwpfqxdcdkufrIESifh ysufusrIrsm;rSm atmufygtwdkif;jzpfonf/


2008 ckESpf pufwifbm 5 &ufaeY reuf 9 em&DwGif ZifbmabGavwyfrS K8 av,mOfwpfpif;
avhusifhaepOfysufusí avol&JESpfOD;aoqHk;cJhonf/
2010 ck Zlvdkif 21 &ufwGif AifeDZGJvm;EdkifiHrS K8 avhusifha&;av,mOfwpfpD; ysufuscJhonf/
avol&Jrsm;rSm toufu,fcHkxGufxdkifcHkrsm;jzifh vGwfajrmufcJhMuonf/
2011 Mo*kwf 20 ü ZifbmabGwGif tNidrf;pm;,loGm;aom AdkvfcsKyfwpfOD;\ tokbwGif
ysHoef;jyoaeaom K8 av,mOfESpfpD; avxJwGif wdkufcdkufrdonf/ ajrjyifodkYjyefvnf
qif;oufvmEdkifMuNyD; taotaysmufr&dScJhay/
2012 ck atmufwdkbm 13 wGif Julius Nyerere International Airport, Dar es Salaam ü K8
avhusifha&; av,mOfwpfpD; ysHwufavhusifhpOf vrf;ñGefxdrf;csKyfrI csdKU,Gif;í ysufuscJhonf/
avol&JESpfOD;rSm toufu,fxdkifcHkjzifh vGwfajrmufcJhMuaomfvnf; wpfOD;rS tuswGif ajrjyifESifh½dkufrdí
aoqHk;cJhonf/ av,mOfrSm ajy;vrf;ay:rS uGefwdefem armfawmf,mOfwpfpD;udk 0ifwdkufrdoGm;onf/
2012 Edk0ifbm 27 wGif AifeDZGJvm;avwyfrS K8 av,mOfwpfpD; ajrjyifjyyGJwGif yg0if&efysHoef;vmpOf
vkyfaqmifcsuf rSm;,Gif;í ysufuscJhonf/ avol&JESpfOD;rSm toufu,fxdkifcHkjzifh vGwfajrmufcJhMuNyD;
udk,fpD 'gPf&mtenf;i,fom &&dScJhMuonf/
2013 Zlvdkif 26 &uf aeYvnf 12 em&D 50 rdepfwGif AifeDZGJvm;avwyfrS K8 avhusifha&;
av,mOfwpfpD; navhusifhcef;jyKvkyfpOf ysufuscJhonf/ trsdK;orD;avol&J Adkvfr,fvDeD,m AdkvDAgonf
toufab;rS vGwfajrmufcJhonf/
xdcdkufysufpD;rIESifh ysufusrItrsm;qHk;rSm AifeDZGJvm;jzpfí 'kwd,trsm;qHk;rSm ZifbmabGjzpfonf/
xdkESpfEdkifiH\avwyfrS avol&Jrsm;\ csdKU,Gif;csuf (vlYtrSm;) jzpfEdkifouJodkY xdkEdkifiHrsm;odkY wifykYd onfh
tokwf (Manufacture Batch) rS ukefMurf;t&nftaoG; csdKU,Gif;csufESifh puf½HktrSm; xkwfvkyfrIpepf
csdKU,Gif;csuf (Process Fault) vnf;jzpfEdkifonf/ ysufusaom K8 av,mOfrsm; rsdK;uGJwlrwl?
(Manufacture Series) wlrwlESifh ysufusrIESifh xdcdkufrIwdkif;\ pHkprf;ppfaq;rIrsm;udk rod&ojzifh
taMumif;&if;udk wduspGmajym&efcufcJonf/ odkYaomf trSefwpfu,f eifvm;igvm; pGrf;&nfjyysHoef;aom
ygupöwefESifh &Sm;&Sm;yg;yg; K8 av,mOfjzifh wdkufyGJ0ifaom jrefrmEdkifiHwdkYwGif xdcdkufysufpD;rIESifh
ysufusrIr&dSjcif;u K8 av,mOfrsm;\ rSwfausmufobG,fjzpfaeonf/
xkwfvkyfonfhrl&if;EdkifiHrsm;udk,fwdkifu tpD;a& rsm;pGmoHk;aejcif;uvnf; K8 av,mOfrsm;tay:

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K8 Karakorum Page-5

pdwfcs,HkMunfbG,f&m taMumif;wpf&yfjzpfaeonf/ xdkYaMumifh K8 av,mOfrsm;onf aemifwpfcsdefwGif


aygacsmifaumif;wdkufav,mOf jzpfvmEdkifonf/

K8 av,mOfrsdK;uGJrsm;
rl&if; K8 av,mOf
Garrett TFE731-2A turbofan *suftif*sifudk oHk;xm;onf/
K8E av,mOf
1999 wGif tD*spfodkYwifydkYonfh trsdK;tpm;jzpfonf/ ysHoef;a&;pepfESifh udk,fxnfydkif;qdkif&m
jyifqifrGrf;rHcsuf 33 ck jyKvkyfxm;onf/ tcsdKUudk vdkifpifjzifh tD*spfwGif wyfqifonf/ tcsdKUudk
w½kwfrS tNyD;tpD;xkwfvkyfay;ydkUonf/
K8P av,mOf
ygupöweftwGuf xkwfvkyfaom trsdK;tpm;jzpfonf/ ysHoef;a&;enf;pepf topfudk oHk;xm;onf/
rSefaygif;rdk;jzifh av,mOfrSL;tcef;udk wyfqifxm;onf/ toufu,fxdkifcHktwGuf Martin Baker Zero-
Zero ejection seats wyfqifxm;onf/

K8V av,mOf
jzpfonf/ or½dk;us ysHoef;rIxdrf;csKyfa&;pepf fly-
'Integrated flight test simulation aircraft' (IFTSA)
by-wire (FBW) Analogue system yg&dSovdk ydkíaumif;rGefaom uGefysLwmxdrf;csKyfa&;pepfvnf;
yg&dSonf/ tjcm;aom K8 av,mOfrsdK;uGJrsm;twGuf prf;oyf&efyHkpHjzpfonf/ þtrsdK;tpm;onf
xkwfvkyfrIESifhprf;oyfa&;twGufpHjzpfum xkwfvkyfa&mif;csjcif;r&dSay/
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K8 Karakorum Page-6

JL8 av,mOf
w½kwfavwyfoHk;&eftwGufjzpfonf/ Ivchenko AI-25 TLK turbofan tif*sifudkoHk;xm;onf/
w½kwfEdkifiHxkwf ysHoef;a&;pepfrsm; wyfqifxm;onf/ ,lu&def;rS Ivchenko AI-25 TLK tif*sifudk
w½kwfEdkifiHwGif vdkifpifjzifhxkwfvkyfonf/ 6 pD;omxkwfvkyfxm;onf/
L11 av,mOf
w½kwfavwyfoHk;&eftwGufjzpfonf/ Ivchenko AI-25 TLK turbofan tif*siftpm; WS-11 turbofan
tif*sif udkoHk;xm;onf/ w½kwfavwyftwGuf tpD;a& 100 xkwfvkyfNyD;jzpfonf/
JL-8W (K-8W) av,mOf
(jrefrmEdkifiHrS jynfwGif;wGif udk,fwdkifwyfqiftoHk;jyKaeaom trsdK;tpm;jzpfonf/) JL-8 udk Head Up
Display wyfqifxm;onfh AifeDZGJvm;ydkYukefjzpfonf/ av,mOfrSL;tcef;aygif;rdk;udk tqifhjrSifhxm;onf/
18 pD; wifydkYxm;NyD; 40 pD; trSmpm &&dSxm;onf/ bif;*vm;'pf(&S)rS 9 pD; 0,f,lxm;onf/
JL-8VB (K-8VB) av,mOf
JL-8W udk bdkvpfAD;,m;ydkYukeftjzpf xkwfvkyfxm;jcif;jzpfonf/ 6 pD; wifydkYxm;NyD; 12 pD; trSmpm
&&dSxm;onf/
txufygrluGJ&SpfrsdK;teufrS aemufqHk;xkwf K8P av,mOfonf *sDyDtuf(p)pepf? multi-function
displays (MFDs) ESifh integrated head-up display (HUD) wyfqifxm;onf/ ydkrdkaumif;rGefaom
ysHoef;a&;enf;pepfrsm; toHk;jyKxm;onf/ av,mOfEIwfoD;xJwGif Griffo Radar wyfqif&efvnf;
BudK;pm;aeqJjzpfonf/

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K8 Karakorum Page-7

K8 av,mOf yHko@efESifh twdkif;twm


K8 av,mOf\txl;tm;omcsufrSm tcsdefwdktwGif; aemufjyefauGUEdkifjcif;yifjzpfonf/ þuJodkY
tcsdefwdktwGif; aemufjyefauGUEdkifjcif;ESifh ysHoef;rIpGrf;&nfjrifhrm;jcif;u a0[ifwdkufyGJ0ifEdkifpGrf;
ydk&&dSaponf/ jyKjyifxdef;odrf;&ef vdktyfcsufenf;yg;onf/ p&dwfenf;aom acRwma&;
wdkufav,mOfvnf;jzpfonf/ w½kwftif*sifeD,m 100 ausmfESifh ygupöwef tif*sifeD,m 20 ausmf
yl;aygif;xkwfvkyfaomav,mOfjzpfonf/ tcuftcJrsm;Mum;rS BudK;pm;xGufay:um prf;oyfrI
trsdK;rsdK;ESifhtwl ajymif;vJrIrsm;pGm awGUBuHKcJh&aom av,mOfvnf;jzpfonf/ ysHoef;rIpepftrsdK;rsdK;?
tDvufxa&mepfypönf;trsdK;rsdK;ESifh tpdwftydkif;trsdK;rsdK;ajymif;vJwyfqifEdkifonfh
ajymif;vG,fjyifvG,fonfh av,mOf jzpfonf/ UHF ESifh VHF a&'D,dkqufoG,fa&;pepf ESpfrsdK;pvHk;
wyfqifxm;onf/ Tactical Air Navigation (TACAN) pepfyg0ifonf/ automatic direction finder
(ADF) pepfyg0ifovdk vdktyfygu instrument landing system (ILS) vnf;oHk;Edkifonf/ Rockwell
Collins Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) vnf;wyfqifxm;onf/ wdkufav,mOfrsdK;quf
owfrSwfcsufpHt& tqifhtwef;jrifhrm;aomav,mOfr[kwf[k qdkaomfvnf; BAE Hawk wdkufav,mOf
Cessna T-37 Tweet avhusifha&;av,mOfESifh Chengdu J-5 avhusifha&; av,mOfwdkYae&mwGif
tpm;xdk;oHk;vmMuonf/

MMOS Pazarpati
K8 Karakorum Page-8

av,mOfudk,fxnfudk Aluminum alloys jzifhwnfaqmufxm;jcif;u yifv,fjyifwGif toHk;jyK&ef


oifhawmfonf/ Airframe and flight control system onf aumif;rGefonfhenf;ynmESifh
acwfrSDpepfrsm;pGmyg0ifonf/
a0[ifpdk;rdk;a&;wdkufav,mOf r[kwfaomfvnf; Sidewinder a0[ifrSa0[ifypf'Hk;ESifh 23 rr
puftajrmufonf av,mOfjcif;,SOfíwdkufcdkufEdkifonf/ tcsdefwdktwGif; aemufjyefauGUEdkifjcif;ESifh
ysHoef;rIpGrf;&nf jrifhrm;jcif;u ppfupm;rIaumif;rGefaponf/ tjrefEHI;t& Mum;jzwfwdkufav,mOftjzpf
roHk;Edkifay/
wefzdk;t&vnf; aiGaMu;enf;enf;ESifh bufpHkoHk;Edkifonf/ nwdkufyGJvnf;0ifEdkifonfhav,mOfjzpfonf/
K8 av,mOfonf A5 ESifh F5 av,mOfarmif;rnfholrsm;twGuf tajccHavhusifha&;av,mOftjzpf
oHk;Edkifonf/ F7, F8, F16 ESifh F18 av,mOfarmif;rnfholrsm;twGuf wef;jrifhavhusifha&;av,mOf
tjzpfvnf; oHk;Edkifonfhtjyif a0[ifrSa0[ifodkU4if; a0[ifrSajrjyifwdkufcdkufa&;ESifh teD;uyf
ajrjyifypfultwGufygoHk;Edkifonf/ *Rrf;xdk;ysHoef;rIpGrf;&nfvnf; txl;aumif;rGefonf/
1982 ck azgufuvefppfyGJwGif NAdwdoQwdkYtoHk;jyKcJhonfh Harrier rsm;ESifh,SOfvQifyif tcsuftvuf
tawmfrsm;rsm; tm;enf;aeonfudkawGU&onf/
K8 onf wer 400 rS 500 om&dSí Harrier trsm;pkonf wer 662 rS 733 &dSonf/
K8 onfvufeuf0efcsdef wpfwefydkydkomwifEdkifí Harrier rsm;onf vufeuf0efcsdef av;wefrS
ckESpfwefxdwifEdkifonf/
qdkvdkonfrSm K8 udkjyKjyifíoabFmwifygu (rdrdppfa&,mOfpkumuG,fa&;a&m rdrdydkifeuf
umuG,fa&;twGufudkyg) aumif;pGmoHk;Edkifaomfvnf; a0;uGmaom tjcm;EdkifiHwpfckodkY
oGm;a&mufíppfqif&efrSm jynfhpHkvHkavmufrIr&dSay/ K8 onf r[mAsL[majrmuf AHk;BuJav,mOf
r[kwfovdk avaMumif;tompD;&,lEdkifaom wdkufav,mOfvnf;r[kwfyg/ tjrefEIef;rSmvnf; wer
400^500 om&dSí Mum;jzwfwkdufav,mOftjzpfoHk;&efvnf; tqifrajy acs/
a0;uGmaom tjcm;EdkifiHwpfckodkY oGm;a&mufíppfqifygu K8 tm;rdrdppfa&,mOfpkumuG,fa&;twGuf
t"dutoHk;jyKNyD; &efolUe,fajrudk wdkufcdkuf&eftwGurf l vufeuf0efcsdefrsm;rsm;ydkwifEdkifaom
tjcm;av,mOftrsdK;tpm;wpfrsdK;rsdK;udk a½G;cs,foifhonf/

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K8 Karakorum Page-9

OyrmtaeESifh PC21 onf wer 400 &dSNyD; vufeuf0efcsdefESpfwefcefY wifaqmifEdkifonf/


uGufjynfhAHk;BuJjcif;twGuf rnfodkYrQrjzpfEdkifaomfvnf; av,mOfrSBuJcsrnfh AHk;tav;csdefESpfwefcefY\
tzsufpGrf;tm; (vludkaoapEdkifpGrf;) onf renf;vSay/ 4if;onf c&D;wm 828 rdkifoGm;Edkifonf/
þae&mwGif wpfckMum;jzwfajymvdkonfrSm ta&twGufESifht&nftcsif;udpöyifjzpfonf/ &efolEdkifiHtm;
Mig29 av;pD; (tar&duefa':vmoef; 120) jzifh Ncdrf;ajcmuf&ifqdkifxm;rnfhtaetxm;wGif K8-W
q,fhESpfpD; (tar&duefa':vm oef; 120) jzifh oHk;ae&mcGJum Ncdrf;ajcmuf&ifqdkifxm;rnfqdkygu
&efoltaeESifh rdrdtm;&ifqdkif&ef ydkícufcJaprnf jzpfonf/
odkYwnf;r[kwf Mig29 ESpfpD; (tar&duefa':vmoef; 60) ESifh K8-W ajcmufpD; (tar&duefa':vm
oef; 60) jzifh ESpfrsdK;aygif; av,mOf&SpfpD; (tar&duefa':vmoef; 120) jzifh ESpfae&m odkYr[kwf
oHk;ae&mcGJum Ncdrf;ajcmuf&ifqdkif xm;rnfqdkygu &efoltwGuf rdrdtm;&ifqdkifEdkif&efrSm rsm;pGm
cufcJoGm;aprnfjzpfonf/
þtajctaewGif ta&twGufonf “xk” qdkonfhoabm rsm;pGmoufa&mufoGm;onf/
ta&twGufonfyif “tiftm;jzpfoGm;onf/ rdrdwyfudkwdkufyGJ0iftoifhjzpfrI jrifhrm;atmifavhusifhxm;um
ajymif;vG,fjyifvG,f&dSapNyD; xdktcsufudk &efoltm;wpfenf;enf;jzifhod&dSapygu &efolrSrdrdtm;
avaMumif;wdkufyGJqifEGJ&ef wGefYoGm;rnfjzpfonf/ &efolxufrdrduydkí pGefYEdkif &if;Edkif wdkufEdkifaom
taetxm;vnf;jzpfonf/
av,mOfav;pD;&dS&mwGif ESpfpD;usqHk;ygu 50 &mcdkifEeI f;qHk;½HI;jcif;jzpfNyD; vufusefav,mOfESpfpD;twGuf
qufvufí wdkufyGJ0if&efrSm tm;r&dSawmhay/
av,mOfq,fhESpfpD;&dS&mwGif ajcmufpD;usqHk;ygu 50 &mcdkifEIef;qHk;½HI;jcif;yifjzpfaomfvnf;
vufusefav,mOf ajcmufpD; rSm qufvufíwdkufyGJ0if&ef tm;&dSqJyifjzpfonf/ trSefwpfu,fvnf;
Ncdrf;ajcmufEdkifqJ wdkufEdkifqJyifjzpfonf/
K8-W xuf Mig29 u pGrf;&nfrsm;pGmomaejcif;udk cHppfwGif xkjzifh&ifqdkifum xdk;ppfwGiftiftm;jzifh
zdxm;jcif; enf;AsL[mjzpfonf/ qufvufí vlYpGrf;tm;ESifh avhusifhrIwdkYjzifh zgax;umtompD;
&,lEdkifonf/ tvpftidkuf&vQif (tm&yf tpöa&; wwd,ppfyGJuJodkY) wpfcsDwnf;yGJodrf;apEdkifonf/
t"durSm “wdkufvdkpdwf&dS&efvdkjcif;yifjzpfonf/ “wdkufvdkpdwf&dSygu wdkufEdkifonfhenf;vrf; enf;AsL[mudk
r&ruawGUatmif&SmazGrnfrSm (ajrBuD;vufcwfrvGJaom) ppfom;aumif;wdkY\ obm0yifjzpfonf/
trSefpifppf -

MMOS Pazarpati
K8 Karakorum Page-10

Mig29 onf K8-W avmuf tedrfhysHwdkufyGJ0ifpGrf;&nfraumif;acs/


Mig29 onf K8-W avmuf tauGUpGrf;&nfraumif;acs/
Mig29 onf K8-W avmuf *Rrf;xdk;pGrf;&nfraumif;acs/
Mig29 onf K8-W xuf rsm;pGmBuD;aomypfrSwfjzpfonf/
Mig29 onf K8-W xuf wdkufyGJ0if&efjyifqifcsdef ydkMumonf/
Mig29 onf K8-W xuf jyKjyifxdrf;odrf;&ef ydkícufcJMuefYMumonf/
Mig29 onf K8-W xuf av,mOfuGif;BuD;BuD;vdktyfonf/ tajcjyK&efae&menf;yg;onf/
Mig29 ESifh K8-W onf wpfpD;jcif;aps;EHI;t& 1 pD; 3 pD; EHI;jzpfonf/
jyifxdrf;p&dwf tydkypönf;wefzdk;ponfwdkYyg tcsdK;usuGmoGm;rnfjzpfonf/
jcaoFhonf cGeftm;BuD;onfhawmbk&ifjzpfaomfvnf; ta&twGufrsm;aom awmacG;tkyfudkrl
a&Smifajy;&pNrJjzpfonf/
Mig 21, F7 ac: J7 wdkYonf toHxufjrefonfh wdkufav,mOfrm;jzpfMuaomfvnf; k8 av,mOfrS
tedrfhysHxdk;azguf0ifa&mufu &efolYNrdKUjyrsm;udkAHk;BuJjcif; ppfajrjyifwGifteD;uyf avaMumif;ypfulay;jcif;
jyKvkyfygu rnfodkYrQwwfEdkifrnfr[kwfay/ v,fywfMum;tufxJrS yk½Gwfqdwfudk qifurowfEdkif
ouJodkYyifjzpfonf/ k8 av,mOftaeESifh Mig29 ESifh Mig 21, F7 ac: J7 wdkYESifh &ifqdkifawGYygu Stall
Speed eD;yg;jzifh tedrfhysHa&Smif&Sm;Edkifonf/

t"duqdkvdkonfrSm k8 onf Mig29 ESifh Mig 21, F7 ac: J7 wdkYxufaumif;onf[krqdkvdkyg/


olYae&mESifhol olYwefzdk;ESifhol[lí qdkvdkjcif;jzpfygonf/
Mig29 ESifh Mig 21, F7 ac: J7 wdkYESifh jynfwGif;aomif;usef;rIEdSrfppfqifa&; vkyfítqifrajyyg/
Yak130 ESifh A5 ac: Q5 onfyif jynfwGif;aomif;usef;rIEdSrfppfqifa&;twGuf t&if;tEDS;BuD;um
aps;BuD;í0efus,fao;onf/
ta&;BuDonfhtcsufrSm jrefrmEdkifiHonf jynfwGif;aomif;usef;rI rsm;jym;aomEdkifiHjzpfonf/

MMOS Pazarpati