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KAPLAN Listening power lesson 1  Homophones

The Listening Comprehension section of the paper-based  Synonyms


TOEFL has three parts. Our Power Lessons One through Three  Negatives
guide you through each of these parts. Each lesson contains  Pronouns
notes that refer to tracks on the audio CDs that accompany this  Time and sequencing
book. Listen to these tracks when you are prompted, so that  Unreal situations
you will be able to answer the questions about the spoken
 Multiple referents
conversations. This practice is also good preparation for the
Remember that the TOEFL test makers use distractors to
TOEFL CBT.
trick you into getting the question wrong.
Here you will become acquainted with the kinds of
SESSION A: HOMOPHONE DISTRACTORS
questions and distractors ("TOEFL traps") that appear in each
Homophone distractors are words or phrases that sound the
section. Also, the vocabulary at the end of each section will
same as or similar to words or phrases heard in the conversation.
help you begin the kind of vocabulary building that a truly
Here is a TOEFL question that has a homophone distractor
successful TOEFL candidate must undertake!
in the answer set. Suppose you hear:
The bigger picture: listening beyond the TOEFL
Woman: Are you coming to the meeting tomorrow?
It will help your TOEFL preparation to understand why the
Man: Of course, I'll be just around the bend.
makers of the TOEFL at ETS place particular emphasis on
Question: What does the man mean?
listening skills and why they test listening skills in the way that
(A) He'll be close to the meeting place.
they do.
(B) He'll have to be flexible to make it to the meeting.
Remember that the TOEFL is meant to help American
(C) He's just been to the meeting.
colleges and universities determine whether the English of a
(D) The meeting will begin when he arrives.
nonnative speaker of English is at a high enough level for that
Answer (C) contains a homophone, just been is a homophone
person to function in an American university setting.
that sounds similar to just around the bend, which was said in
For this reason, the TOEFL tests a student's ability to
the original conversation. You should not be distracted into
understand lecture-like talks given at a natural speed. In U.S.
choosing that answer simply because it sounds similar.
colleges and universities, students are expected to attend and
Both answers (В) and (D) repeat the word meeting. This is
take notes in every class. Classroom lectures supplement the
another common type of distractor that is related to
reading assignments/that is, they do not necessarily repeat the
homophones. When an answer repeats the same words that
information in the reading homework, but rather add to it. On
appear in the conversation, you may be tempted to choose it.
exams, students are expected to show that they have learned
However, usually the answer that sounds most like the
the information given in the lectures as well as the information
conversation, whether because of homophones or repeated
given in the readings. Therefore, a successful international
words, is wrong.
student must be able to understand his or her professors'
In this case (A) is the correct answer because just around
lectures.
the bend is an idiomatic expression that means nearby. You
But successful students must be able to comprehend more
will also notice that (A) sounds the most different from the
than just university lectures. It is common for many American
original conversation. Keep in mind that there is no guarantee
college and university classrooms to be centered around group
that the correct answer on the TOEFL exam will always be the
discussions, in which students often discuss a subject at an
one that sounds the most different, but it is usually a complete
informal level. You may also have to ask one of your
rephrasing of the conversation.
classmates to repeat an idea the professor mentioned in class or
! Similar-sounding answers are often wrong.
have to ask a complete stranger how and where you register for
SESSION B: SYNONYM DISTRACTORS
a class. Finally, you will certainly want to make American
Synonym distractors are words and phrases that seem to mean
friends. To accomplish these tasks, you need to understand
the same thing as a word or phrase in the conversation.
what is often called "survival English." For these reasons, the
Can you identify the synonym distractor in the answer set of
TOEFL also tests your ability to understand very short
this example?
conversations about topics commonly found on an American
Woman: What do you think of the primary race?
college campus.
Man: It's been interesting. I'll have to admit that.
LISTENING POWER LESSON 1
Question: What is the woman asking the man?
FOR LISTENING PART A OF THE TOEFL
(A) if he has been to the races
AT A GLANCE: (B) what he thought of the first race
Session A: Homophone Distractors (C) if she has something on her face
Session B: Synonym Distractors (D) his opinion of the presidential primaries
Session C: Negative Distractors Answer (B) contains a synonym distractor. First is
Session D: Pronoun Distractors substituted for primary in the original conversation. Primary
Session E: Time and Sequencing Distractors and first are often synonyms for each other, but you have to
Session F: Unreal Situation Distractors remember that synonyms in one context may not be synonyms
Session G: Multiple Referent Distractors in another. Here you must pay special attention to the context
Vocabulary in which the word primary is used in the conversation. A.
This part of the TOEFL consists of a series of very short primary race is not the same as a first race, so (B) is wrong.
dialogues followed by a question. The student then selects one In fact, a presidential primary is a type of primary race,
of four possible items as the best answer to the question. which refers to the special elections during which candidates
For this lesson it is important to know what a distractor is: for a particular political party are chosen. (D) is the correct
A distractor is a wrong answer that looks correct. answer.
Test makers use distractors to trap you into !Don't be fooled by answers which use the same words
choosing the wrong answer. as in the dialogue. Read all the answer choices
There are seven different types of distractors commonly found carefully before making your selection.
in the Listening section:
SESSION C: NEGATIVE DISTRACTORS (C) what he will take to biology
Negative distractors are answers in the negative that seem to (D) whom he will take to the prom
mean the same as a statement in the conversation, but in reality Answers (B), (C), and (D) all confuse the interrogative
mean the opposite. pronoun. Notice that (C) especially causes a distraction
Can you identify the negative distractor in this example? because it repeats the same interrogative question. But (C) is
Woman: Will you be at the library tonight? asking what object he will take to biology, which has a very
Man: No way! I've got tickets to the game. different meaning from the question in the conversation.
Question: What does the man say? "What are you taking?" is a common way of asking someone,
(A) that he will not go to the game "Which courses will you be taking?" So tne correct answer is (A).
(B) that he doesn't have a way to the game ! Always listen carefully to determine "who is doing what"
(C) that he is going to a sporting event in TOEFL dialogues.
(D) that he came to the library the previous night
In this question, answer choices (A) and (B) are both SESSION E: TIME AND SEQUENCING DISTRACTORS
negative distractors. A student who is not paying careful Time and Sequencing distractors offer confusing alternatives to
attention might hear the negative in the mans answer—"No the order of events in the conversation.
way!"—and incorrectly choose an answer that also contains a Can you identify the time/sequencing distractor in the
negative. following example?
Answer (D) is a homonym distractor that tries to make the Man: Will you start your new job next week?
unwary student confuse the words game and came. But in Woman: No, the week after that. I still have to finish
reality the man is not going to the library because he wants to up where I am.
attend a game of some kind. Therefore, (C) is the correct Question: When will the woman begin her new job?
answer. (A) in one week
Another variation of negative distractors is the use of a (B) in two weeks
negative tag question in the conversation. On the TOEFL, (C) She is just finishing it.
when a person responds with a negative tag question, he/she is (D) She has just begun.
voicing agreement. ANSWER (B) is correct. The man asks if the woman will
Man: It's a beautiful day. begin her job in one week, and she replies that she will begin
Woman: Isn't it, though? one week later than that. Therefore, the woman will begin her
The woman's response means that she agrees with him. Take a job in two weeks.
look at how this question might look on the TOEFL below.
Man: Bill's quite a musician. SESSION F: UNREAL SITUATION DISTRACTORS
Woman: Isn't he, though? Unreal situation distractors try to make you think that an
Question: What does the woman mean? unreal or imaginary situation truly happened.
(A) She thinks Bill is not talented. These unreal situations may be in the future or conditional if
(B) She agrees with the man. clause. Sometimes, to answer the question correctly, the student
(C) She has not heard Bill play. will have to make an inference and ignore information given
(D) She did not hear his comment. directly in the conversation.
The correct answer is (B). Can you identify the unreal situation distractor in this example?
Woman: If I had bought a lampshade, I would have
SESSION D: PRONOUN DISTRACTORS picked a green one.
Pronoun distractors are pronouns that either reverse the gender Man: Well, it's not as though there was a large selection.
of the person being referred to or that confuse the interrogative Question: What does the man tell the woman?
pronouns who, which, or what. (A) He's happy with the aftershave that he bought.
Can you identify the pronoun distractor in this example? (B) He's sorry that the woman bought the lampshade.
Man: Who gave Lucy her new bicycle? (C) He will purchase the lampshade next time.
Woman:Oh, it's not new. Her older brother handed it (D) There were a limited number of lampshades.
down to her. Answer (B) is the unreal situation distractor. The woman did not
Question:What does the woman tell the man? buy the lampshade. When she says, "If I had bought that
(A) that he got it from her brother lampshade," she is using a conditional clause to describe an unreal
(B) that she got it from her brother situation. (See Structure Power Lesson Three, Session С for help on
(C) that Lucy's brother gave it to him conditionals.) In his answer, the man justifies his choice by saying
(D) that he gave it to the woman that there wasn't a large selection of lampshades. For that reason,
(A), (C), and (D) are all pronoun distractors. Answers (A) and (D) is the correct answer.
(C) contain pronouns that have the wrong gender. The man in the Let's take a look at another example of an unreal situation
conversation did not receive the bike, as (A) and (C) imply. (D) distractor. Can you find it?
also confuses the subject pronoun because the speaker (here Woman: Would you pick up some milk?
referred to as he) did not give the bike to the woman. Man: Why not? I've been sitting around all day.
The woman tells us that "Lucy's (her) older brother handed What kind do you want?
(gave) it to her." Therefore, (B) is correct. Lucy (she) got it (the Question: Where does the conversation probably take place?
bicycle) from her brother.
Can you identify the interrogative distractor in this example? (A) in a supermarket
Woman: What are you going to take this semester? (B) at the man's home
Man: Calculus and biology, but I decided not to (C) at the man's work
take composition. (D) in a subway
Question: What does the woman ask the man? In this example, (A) is the unreal situation distractor. A
(A) which courses he will take student who hears the word milk might think that the
(B) who he will take this semester conversation takes place in a supermarket. Here, the phrasal
verb to pick up means to purchase it at a store. To get this PRACTICE #2—Synonym Distractors
question correct, you must infer that the speakers are at home, Listen to CD 1, Track 2.
and not be confused by the word milk. Therefore, the correct Circle the correct answer choice for each question.
answer is (B). 1. (A) She went to breakfast early.
(B) She had a good day.
SESSION G: MULTIPLE REFERENT DISTRACTORS (C) She didn't have time to eat.
Multiple referent distractors occur when several people or (D) She ate breakfast quickly.
items are mentioned and the answers then repeat all or some of 2. (A) She studies the games.
the characters in an attempt to confuse you. Comparisons are (B) The games are steamy.
often used to present this type of distractor problem. (C) Doctors can play video games.
Can you identify the multiple referent distractors in this (D) Games help her relax.
example? 3. (A) a large beach (B) the hot sun
Man: My job is harder than yours. (C) the cool wind (D) the hot weather
Woman: But mine is harder than John's. 4. (A) hostile (B) neutral (C) happy (D) anxious
Question: Who has the easiest job? 5. (A) following the directions closely
(A) the woman (B) going downstairs to ask for directions
(B) John (C) asking someone for instructions
(C) the man (D) taking a course on how to build it
(D) Jan 6. (A) She'll tell him what she wants.
Answer (B) is correct. If the mans job is harder than the (B) She'd like to tell him later.
woman's, and if the woman's job is harder than Johns, then John's (C) She'd really like to see the game.
job is easier than the woman's and the man's. Therefore, John has (D) Yes, the later, the better.
the easiest job. Both (A) and (C) are multiple referent distractors. 7. (A) He doesn't know the way.
A student who is not listening carefully might select one of these (B) The route to the theater is blocked.
as the answer. (C) He thinks the show will start late.
! Be careful to avoid the homophone distractor Jan [dzэn] (D) They'll be late for the performance.
for John [dzan] in (D). 8. (A) drive him to work (B) rush every morning
(C) have more time to eat (D) eat very quickly
P R А С Т 1 С Е #1—Homophone Distractors 9. (A) He thought it was a lie.
Listen to CD 1, Track 1. (B) He didn't understand the joke.
Circle the correct answer choice for each question. (C) He thought it was funny.
1. (A) The faculty committee meets at one. (D) He tried to write it down.
(B) Most of the requests were approved. 10. (A) a movie star (B) a crazy woman
(C) The committee acted on one request. (C) a film critic (D) an astronomer
(D) Several of the requests were rejected.
2. (A) She doesn't want to eat yet. PRACTICE # 3—Negative Distractors
(B) She can't find a restaurant either. Listen to CD 1, Track 3.
(C) She'd like to eat at the mall. Circle the correct answer choice for each question.
(D) She found the restaurant sloppy. 1. (A) He doesn't want her help.
3. (A) It is just before Easter. (B) He likes talking to the woman.
(B) He wants to go east with her. (C) He wants to fail his class.
(C) The break is for two weeks. (D) He hasn't been able to call.
(D) The break is two weeks after exams. 2. (A) give her a paper
4. (A) if the man saw a bug (B) call her later
(B) how the man dug the hole (C) speak louder
(C) if the man wants a small hug (D) keep his voice down
(D) what size mug the man wants 3. (A) She is sure the professor is joking.
5. (A) herd sheep (B) fry some chicken (B) Next semester is not good for her.
(C) tell a joke (D) lose her head (C) It would not be of interest to her.
6. (A) 15 (B) 19 (C) 50 (D) 90 (D) She'd like to become his assistant.
7. (A) eat at the office 4. (A) She doesn't think it's hot.
(B) go to a restaurant for lunch (B) She thinks yesterday was hotter.
(C) have lunch inside (C) She agrees with him.
(D) look at the clock (D) She's sure it has been hotter.
8. (A) She has a head for science. 5. (A) It was an accident.
(B) She may be going to the science building. (B) She meant what she said.
(C) He cannot believe where she is headed. (C) She is mean.
(D) She's near the sign for the mall. (D) She watched what she did.
9. (A) He's finished with the assignment. 6. (A) He is a good musician.
(B) He's going fishing tomorrow. (B) He is an excellent physician.
(C) He's tired. (C) He isn't very talented musically.
(D) He should repeat. (D) He is an accomplished magician.
10. (A) The man should take some time off. 7. (A) The science quad has an excellent view.
(B) The man should not take physical education. (B) The area is much better than before.
(C) The man should take her out. (C) The science quad has done excellent work.
(D) The man should take a physical education course. (D) There is a need still for more work.
8. (A) It is too late to protest his grade. 3. (A) Don't go swimming after eating.
(B) The economics professor won't hear his complaint. (B) Think about eating.
(C) He is happy with his quiz grade. (C) Don't swim and eat at the same time.
(D) He doesn't want to tell the woman his score. (D) Don't think while you swim.
9. (A) He shouldn't work on the papers at night. 4. (A) last night
(B) He should work on the papers separately. (B) yesterday evening
(C) She wonders what his plans are. (C) tonight
(D) The man may have to work nonstop. (D) two days from now
10. (A) She thinks he is correct. 5. (A) Friday (B) Saturday (C) Sunday (D) Monday
(B) There are more passes now. 6. (A) at 10 A.M. (B) when the man was there
(C) It hasn't changed much. (C) after 10 A.M. (D) She never went there.
(D) She thinks he is funny. 7. (A) has breakfast (B) gets dressed (C) exercises (D) gets up
PRACTICE # 4—Pronoun Distractors 8. (A) The semester is already over.
Listen to CD 1, Track 4. (B) It's been her favorite year.
Circle the correct answer choice for each question. (C) She hopes it never ends.
1. (A) who came by (D) She's not enjoying classes.
(B) how the man got there 9. (A) Tryouts are today.
(C) what was said (B) He's auditioning for it.
(D) where Joe is now (C) He's not sure he will join.
2. (A) why people held a certain belief (D) Tryouts are the same day as those for the dance club.
(B) why those days are over 10. (A) They have already taken that course.
(C) how the sun revolved (B) They studied together.
(D) how people changed their beliefs (C) They have been in school a long time.
3. (A) How much did he donate? (D) He was in a class with the woman.
(B) Why is he telling her?
(C) Is she still there? PRACTICE # 6—Unreal Situation Distractors
(D) Which woman? Listen to CD 1, Track 6.
4. (A) She thinks it wasn't that great. Circle the correct answer choice for each question.
(B) It was free. 1. (A) ate lunch with the man
(C) He thinks it was expensive. (B) worked during lunch
(D) Her friend paid for it. (C) passed the man his lunch
5. (A) She must prove the set is broken. (D) worked in the park
(B) It receives several channels. 2. (A) He used to know Jill.
(C) He cannot receive a refund. (B) He can't accept the monitor.
(D) She must follow official policy. (C) He didn't know that the woman was giving the monitor away.
6. (A) The computer might be broken. (D) He is going to help Jill weigh the monitor.
(B) They are driving one another crazy. 3. (A) It would not be such a long vacation.
(C) He is acting out on the computer. (B) They didn't have enough money for it.
(D) He needs her help working the computer. (C) The man couldn't get time off.
7. (A) His location in the office is a very good one. (D) They had more money than they thought.
(B) His job prospects are very good. 4. (A) to take a taxicab (B) to go home later
(C) His job pays well. (C) to take the subway (D) to take him home
(D) He wants to move up. 5. (A) at a warehouse (B) at a toy store
8. (A) Go tell Sue to call him. (C) at a department store (D) at a florist
(B) Tell Sue he misses her. 6. (A) He drank coffee during the drive.
(C) Tell Sue she misses her. (B) He would like a cup of coffee.
(D) Tell her about him. (C) He needs to fill the gas tank.
9. (A) an excellent television program (D) He used to drink coffee.
(B) that she go home with them 7. (A) in a theater (B) at the movies
(C) that they see a movie (C) near the ocean (D) at a soccer game
(D) that they use her extra tickets 8. (A) Take this bus all the way to the airport.
10. (A) what he just read (B) Get off now, and take the number 63 bus.
(B) what's in his eye (C) Find some other way to the airport.
(C) what his idea is (D) Ride downtown, and then get a different bus.
(D) what she just said 9. (A) missed the sale
(B) fell down last Friday
PRACTICE # 5—Time and Sequencing Distractors (C) bought several sweaters
Listen to CD 1, Track 5. (D) sold her sweaters
Circle the correct answer choice for each question. 10. (A) rain
1. (A) He thought the woman bought them. (B) a snowstorm
(B) He forgot to get them yesterday. (C) wind
(C) He wants the woman to get them tomorrow. (D) thunder
(D) He thinks they will get them tomorrow.
2. (A) view the work she has done
(B) go to a movie when she is finished
(C) visit the art exhibit at school
(D) help her protect her new work
PRACTICE # 7—Multiple Referent Distractors Other Vocabulary Items
CD 1, Track 7. Some other expressions from these lessons are:
Circle the correct answer choice for each question. There is no guarantee that
1. (A) Bill and Sue got them together. This means "one can't be sure that."
(B) Sue will get them soon.  There is no guarantee that the low inflation will
(C) Bill gave them to Sue. continue into the next decade.
(D) Sue ran the errand for him. The + comparative, the + comparative
2. (A) The woman is as beautiful as the car.  The sooner he comes, the better.
(B) The car should have cost more.
 The more expensive the car, the happier he will be.
(C) It was a very expensive car.
 The cheaper, the better.
(D) The car's as shiny as a new coin.
3. (A) The picnic wasn't very well attended.  The more complex the characters, the more interesting the book.
(B) Half the people went to the theater instead. Negative question + though
(C) Too many people showed up. This is used to express strong agreement.
(D) Only half the food actually arrived.  Mary certainly played well in the soccer game yesterday.
4. (A) that he was taking the test with her Didn't she, though?
(B) that she wasn't very nervous To show up
(C) that she was not taking the test This means meaning "to arrive or appear"; to turn up is used in
(D) that they were both doing the paper the same way.
5. (A) Both courses are easy.  John didn't show up until almost midnight. I went to the
(B) For her, math is difficult. park, but none of my friends turned up.
(C) She thinks physics is hard.
(D) Both courses are difficult. Vocabulary exercise
6. (A) He gets more exercise than she does. Complete the sentences below, using the given expressions.
(B) They agree on the amount of exercise. Some may be used more than once.
(C) He worked out just the other day. Head there is no guarantee that show up
(D) He gets the least amount of exercise. just around the corner are you headed the happier I'll be
loses her head has a head for the warmer
7. (A) The woman is more worried than the man. the more the better isn't it, though
(B) The woman is not as worried as the man. later
(C) The woman is as worried as the man. 1. Peggy: I can't wait until we move to Florida.
(D) The woman was worried once before. Dave: Just remember, _______ you'll be any happier there than
8. (A) Larry (B) Larry's sister you are here.
(C) the man's sister (D) the woman's sister Peggy: Oh, I'm sure I'll be happy. I need to get away from
9. (A) the man's son (B) Alice and her class these cold Montana winters. I want to be someplace warm.
(C) Alice and the man (D) the woman and the man _____ the climate, _____.
10. (A) the man (B) Hugo (C) Eli (D) the woman Dave: Well, be patient. You know we won't ______ for Florida
until we can sell our house here.
Vocabulary 2. Tricia's management skills are remarkable. She ________
To hear how these words and expressions are pronounced, running a small company. Even when an important deadline is
listen to CD 1, Track 13. ______, she never_______. She remains calm, and gets the job
Just around the bend/just around the corner done just as well as she would if there were no deadline at all.
In these lessons you learned that just around the bend In fact, it seems to me that the greater the pressure she is under,
means "nearby." It can also mean "close in time." Another _______ her work is.
idiomatic expression with an identical meaning and usage is 3. Sid: Nice day, today.
just around the corner. Study the examples below. Walter: It sure is.
 When Hoover was elected in 1928, little did he know that Sid: It's too bad it rained all day yesterday.
a major economic depression lay just around the corner. Walter: _______?
 Thanksgiving is just around the bend. Sid:Well, I have to be on my way.
Idioms with the word head Walter: Where______?
In this section, you have seen three idioms with the word head. Sid: To work. If I don't _____ by 9:30, my boss will be upset.
To lose one's head means "to panic": Walter: You'd better get going, then. The ______ you are,
 Unable to escape from the burning building, he lost his ______ upset he'll be.
head and ran back into the flames.
If someone were in a difficult situation but did not panic, you Script and Answers for Listening Power Lesson One
could say, "He kept his head." Practice #1—Homophone Distractors (CD 1, Track 1)
If you are headed somewhere, or if you are heading 1. W Has the faculty committee responded to all our requests?
somewhere, you are moving in the direction of that place, or going M Uh huh, they only rejected one.
to a destination. Sometimes these expressions are used to talk Q What does the man mean?
about something unpleasant. Note that the expression takes the 2. M Do you think we should find a restaurant now?
preposition for unless it is used with the word home. W No, let's do a little more shopping.
 I was heading home when I ran into an old friend. Q What does the woman mean?
 We're headed for Kansas City. 3. W When do we get our spring break?
M Just after Easter, two weeks after midterms.
 You're heading for disaster.
Q What does the man say about break?
If you have a head for something, you are very good at it mentally.
4. M I'd like coffee with milk, please.
 She has a head for business.
W Would you like a large or small mug?
Q What does the woman ask?
5. W Have you heard the story about the man with one leg? Practice #3—Negative Distractors (CD 1, Track 3)
M I don't think it will amuse me, but go ahead and try. 1. W Don't do what you did last semester. If you're having
Q What is the woman going to do? trouble with calculus, just give me call.
6. W I have locker number 50, right over here. M Sorry, but I would rather fail the class than ask you.
M Mine's number 90. Too bad. I wish our lockers were next Q What does the man mean?
to each other. 2. M You're a famous rock star, aren't you? I've seen your
Q What is the mans locker number? picture in the paper.
7. M Did you want to eat lunch in the office today? W Please don't speak so loudly. I don't want to call attention
W Actually, I thought we could eat at a nice cafe. It's only a to myself.
few blocks from the office. Q What does the woman ask the man to do?
Q What does the woman want to do? 3. M You wouldn't be interested in being my research assistant
8. W I'm looking for Mary. Have you seen her? next semester, would you?
M I believe she's headed for the science hall. W Oh, sure I would.
Q What does the man say about Mary? Q What does the woman mean?
9. M We've worked all day on this assignment. Can we finish 4. M It sure is hot out, much hotter than yesterday!
it tomorrow? I'm beat. W Isn't it though!
W Me, too. Q What does the woman mean?
Q What does the man mean? 5. M Hey, watch where you're going.
10. M I need to take a physical education course this term. W I'm sorry. I didn't mean to bump into you.
Any suggestions? Q What does the woman tell the man?
W How about taking golf? 6. M Bills quite a musician!
Q What is the woman suggesting? W Isn't he?
Practice #1 Answers Q What does the man say about Bill?
1. В 2. А 3.D 4. D 5. С 6. D 7. В 8. В 9. С 10. D 7. M The new landscaping really has made an improvement
in the science quad.
Practice #2—Synonym Distractors (CD 1, Track 2) W Hasn't it, though!
1. M How's your day gone so far? Q What does the woman mean?
W Right now, I'm starving. I was in such a rush I didn't get 8. W Hey, how'd you do on the economics quiz?
any breakfast this morning. M Well, I can't complain!
Q What happened to the woman? Q What does the man mean?
2. M You know, if you spent as much time studying as you 9. M There's no way I'll be able to do both these papers by
do playing video games, you'd be a doctor by now. Wednesday.
W That's true, but I've got to let off steam somehow. W Not unless you study night and day.
Q What does the woman mean? Q What does the woman mean?
3. W I enjoy the cool breeze at the beach. It makes the sun feel 10. M The game of basketball certainly has changed in the past
less hot. ten years.
M I enjoy it too. But then again, I'd like the beach in any W Hasn't it, though!
weather. Q What does the woman mean?
Q What does the woman like? Practice #3 Answers
4. M I want to be a doctor so I can help people who are sick. 1. A 2. D 3.D 4. С 5. А 6. A 7. В 8. С 9. D 10. А
W But it's so easy for a doctor to make a mistake. The
thought of being responsible for someone's health makes Practice #4—Pronoun Distractors (CD 1, Track 4)
me nervous. 1. W A man just dropped by, looking for you and Joe.
Q How does the woman feel about being a doctor? M Who?
5. M I have no idea on how to build this model. Q What does the man want to know?
W Wont you be able to piece it together if you follow 2. W In the past, people thought the sun revolved around the
the instructions step by step? earth.
Q What does the woman suggest? M How come?
6. M Do you think you want to go to the game later? Q What does the man want to know?
W I'll say! 3. M The woman on the corner just asked me for a dollar.
Q What does the woman mean? . W So what?
7. W Do you think we'll get to the theater on time? Q What does the woman mean?
M No way. 4. M Your new haircut looks great. Was it expensive?
Q What does the man mean? W Actually, it didn't cost me anything. My friend did it for me.
8. M If you could drive me to work, I wouldn't have Q What does the woman say about her haircut?
to rush through breakfast. 5. W I'd like a refund on this TV. It’s broken.
W That's true, but unfortunately, I don't have time M To get your money back, you'll have to go through
this morning. the proper channels.
Q What would the man like the woman to do? Q What advice does the man give?
9. W Wasn't Phil's joke funny? 6. M Oh, this computer is driving me crazy!
M To tell the truth, I didn't really get it. W Well, let's bring it in if it's acting up.
Q What does the man mean? Q What is the problem?
10. M Have you read Gina Salem's review of the new movie? 7. W Should we give Mr. Davis the loan?
W No, but I heard she raved about it and gave it three stars. M Yes, it would be safe. He's in a good position to find
Q Who is Gina Salem? a well-paying job.
Practice #2 Answers Q What does the man say about Mr. Davis?
1. С 2. D 3. С 4. D 5. А 6. С 7. D 8. А 9. В 10. С 8. M If you ever see Sue, will you tell her I miss her?
W Why not call her up and tell her yourself? 6. W How do you feel after such a long drive?
Q What does the woman want the man to do? M I could use a cup a coffee.
9. M Where can I go with my parents this weekend? Q What does the man mean?
W Well, I have extra seats for the homecoming program. 7 . M Wasn't that a great play? I can't believe that man made
Q What does the woman suggest? a goal so quickly.
10. M I've got a fantastic idea for my new book! W Yes, he's good. But the other team is still winning.
W What? Q Where does the conversation probably take place?
Q What does the woman want to know? 8. W Excuse me, but does this bus go all the way to the airport?
Practice #4 Answers M No, you'll have to take this bus downtown, and then
1. A 2. A 3. В 4. В 5. D 6. A 7. В 8. В 9. D 10. С change for the number 63 bus. I'll show you where
you can catch it.
Practice #5—Time and Sequencing Distractors Q What does the man tell the woman to do?
(CD 1, Track 5) 9. M The sale on fall sweaters ended last Friday.
1. W Did you get a chance to buy those history books? W If I had only known, I would have gone before then.
M No, I thought I'd go with you and get them tomorrow. Q What did the woman do?
Q Why didn't the man get the books? 10. W Did you hear the rumbling in the sky just now?
2. W Well, I'm almost done with my new art project. M Yes, and soon the rain will come pouring down. We're
M Let me know when you're done. I'd like to take a look at it. going to get soaked if we don't go inside.
Q What would the man like to do? Q What are the man and the woman experiencing?
Practice #6 Answers
3. W I often go swimming after eating. 1. В 2. С 3. В 4. С 5. С 6. В 7. D 8. D 9. А 10. D
M Don't you think that's a bad idea?
Q What would the man probably tell the woman to do?
4. M Did Henry tell you that his mother is going to come Practice #7—Multiple Referent Distractors
over tonight? (CD 1, Track 7)
W Yes, he told me two days ago that she might arrive 1. W Bill, did you pick up these sweets at the bakery?
this evening. M No, I got Sue to do it for me.
Q When does Henry's mother arrive? Q What does the man say about the sweets?
5. M Why don't we wait until tomorrow to go shopping? 2. W John, your new car is gorgeous. I love it.
W No, let's go today. The stores are too crowded on Saturday. M Thanks, it ought to be nice. It cost a pretty penny.
Q What day is it? Q What does the man mean?
6. W When I went to the store, they were all out of oranges. 3. M It must have been quite a picnic. Everyone said they
M This morning at ten there were plenty. were going to be there.
Q When did the woman go to the store? W Yeah, but only half the people actually showed up.
7. W After I get up, I take a shower, put my clothes on, Q What does the woman mean?
and brush my hair. 4. W I'm really nervous about Professor Jones's chemistry test.
M Won't you eat something too? M Oh, so you're not doing the paper instead?
Q What does the woman do after she takes a shower? Q What had the man assumed?
8. M How are your classes this year? 5. M I don't think math is very difficult.
W Let me tell you, it seems like this semester will never end! W Neither is physics.
Q What does the woman mean? Q What does the woman say?
9. W The choir and the dance club have their auditions 6. W I try to exercise twice a week.
on Tuesday. M Not me. I work out at least every other day.
Q What does the man say?
M So does the debating team. 7. M I didn't study one bit for the test. I'm worried. How about you?
Q What does the man say about the debating team? W For once, I'm not. I worked hard and learned a lot.
10. W You look very familiar. Q What describes the woman?
M Don't you remember? We met last semester in biology. 8. M Please take this ribbon and give it to Larry to put on
Q What does the man mean? the bicycle he is giving to his sister.
Practice #5 Answers W Larry's not here. I'll give it to him later.
1. D 2. А 3. А 4. С 5. А 6. С 7. В 8. D 9. D 10. D Q Whom is the bicycle for?
9. W Alice and her class are going to come over and look at
Practice #6—Unreal Situation Distractors my collection of model trains.
M I think my son would enjoy seeing the trains, too.
(CD 1, Track 6) Q Who is going to see the trains?
1. M Why didn't you eat lunch with me in the park? 10. M I scored more goals than Eli, but fewer than Hugo.
W I wanted to, but I had to catch up on some paperwork. W Really? I scored more than Hugo.
Q What did the woman do? Q Who scored the most goals?
2. W I gave my 13-inch color monitor away to Jill. Practice #7 Answers
M I could have used that! 1. D 2. С 3. А 4. С 5. А 6. A 7. В 8. В 9. В 10. D
Q What does the man say? Vocabulary Answers
3. M Don't you think it's time we took a long vacation? 1. there is no guarantee that; The warmer; the happier I'll be/the better;
W Oh, so we've saved enough money, then? head 2. has a head for; just around the corner; loses her head; the
better 3. Isn't it, though?; are you headed; show up; later; the more
Q What had the woman assumed about the vacation?
4. W I have to get home fast. Should I take a taxicab?
M You could, but the subway's probably your best bet.
Q What does the man tell the woman?
5. M Where would I find housewares?
W On the eighth floor. This floor is mostly children's items.
Q Where did the conversation probably take place?