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1 introduction

 Annual inspection of bridges, culverts, flyover, FOB and other transportation structures should
be scheduled
 There shoul be a Policy outlines for inspection ,testing, investigations, audits and rehabilitation

 Annual inspections to be carried out by appointed agencies with clear guidelines tor for

 Structures needing periodic inspection and investigations needs to be identified Responsibility

be given for inspection and investigations name wise to NMMC engineers and not post wise for

 Review committee consisting of prominent citizens like retired engineers of CIDCO , practising
structural engineers, experts from IIT , VJTI , state government bodies like cidco, PWD etc be
formed to review all the reports and recommend action .

 The formats of inspection reports, investigations reports etc be standardized using latest and
state of art equipments which can be dedicatedly purchased or hired for long term with
operators including O & M
 Nmmc Senior engineer like ex eng and CE to examine the report findings and act accordingly

 The appointment for specialist structural repair agencies with experience and expertise of
carrying out strengthening of bridges etc be appointed for a tenure of minimum remaining
usefull life of the structure and he should maintain it too for remaing life with AMC.

 Item rate tenders on DBO basis should be floated to appoint such agencies

This structural audit done based on simple observation on site with the consideration of different
conditions. Remedial measures have been suggested to increase the life for the bridge.

A bridge is a structure built to span physical obstacles without closing the way underneath such as a
body of watrer, valley, or road, for the purpose of providing passage over the obstacle.

The concrete/steel is widely used as construction material

There is demand of appropriate actions and measures for all such structures to improve its
performance and restore the desired functions of structures which may leads to increase its functional
2. Structural Audit Methodology

Structural Audit refers to health check up of structure for the safety. The health and performance of a
structure depends on its quality of original construction and quality of maintenance. As a structure goes
older & older it shows wear and tear due to ageing, use, misuse or overuse, exposure to the weathering
/ environment and structurally unplanned modifications and additions , which do affect the health of
the structure significantly. It’s basically for ensuring that the structure and its premises are safe . all the
structures were visited with the MMRDA officials for visual inspection .

3 Existing data collection

4 Visual inspection of the Structure

i. Verification of the accuracy of the original drawings or determination of basic structure information, if
no drawings are available.

ii. Identification of major alterations not shown on the original construction documents.

iii. Identification of visible structural damage, such as concrete cracking or spa1ling, and observations on
quality of construction

iv. Identification of potential non-structural falling hazards, including ceilings, partitions, curtain Walls,
parapets, fixtures, and other non-structural structure elements.

v. Observations on the condition of soil and the foundation

vi. Documentation of existing conditions with photographs at key locations.

vii. Details about any deviations observed at the site from the original drawings have also to be

5 Measurement of the bridge

The bridge has completed its ----------- years of its life span.

 No of spans – ---

 Total length of bridge – -----m

 Width – ------m

 Carriage way – -----m

 Footpath – ------m --------- side

 Parapet – -------m --------- parapet

 Height of top slab from water level – --------------m (approx.)

 Electric poles – ------------m c/c

6 Non destructive testing

Based on the visual observations non destructive testing scheme was finalized

7.load testing

8 reasons for distress

9 Recommended corrective measures

a) Aprons
b) Guide wall
c) Foundations
d) Abutments
e) Piers
f) Pier caps
g) Bearing pedestals
h) Bearings
i) Superstructure
j) Railings
k) gantries

10 Repair technologies and methodology

11 References

12 Geotechnical reportS

13 Drawings

14 Photographs