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Partition or distribution of the estate is an issue to the surviving spouse and children

when the deceased father failed to leave any Will that will determine who gets what.
The plot even thickens when the property is going to be divided among half siblings. It is
a challenge for all parties to come to an agreement, which involves the proposed
partition as there are various things that must be taken into consideration. This is where
intestate succession comes into play.

SECTION 2. – Order of Intestate Succession


SUBSECTION 1. – Descending Direct Line

Art. 978. Succession pertains, in the first place, to the descending direct line. (930)

Art. 979. Legitimate children and their descendants succeed the parents and other
ascendants, without distinction as to sex or age, and even if they should come from
different marriages.

An adopted child succeeds to the property of the adopting parents in the same manner
as a legitimate child. (931a)

Art. 980. The children of the deceased shall always inherit from him in their own right,
dividing the inheritance in equal shares. (932)

Art. 981. Should children of the deceased and descendants of other children who are
dead, survive, the former shall inherit in their own right, and the latter by right of
representation. (934a)

Art. 982. The grandchildren and other descendants shall inherit by right of
representation, and if any one of them should have died, leaving several heirs, the
portion pertaining to him shall be divided among the latter in equal portions. (933)

Art. 983. If illegitimate children survive with legitimate children, the shares of the former
shall be in the proportions prescribed by Article 895. (n)

Art. 984. In case of the death of an adopted child, leaving no children or descendants,
his parents and relatives by consanguinity and not by adoption, shall be his legal heirs.
(n)

SUBSECTION 4. – Surviving Spouse


Art. 995. In the absence of legitimate descendants and ascendants, and illegitimate
children and their descendants, whether legitimate or illegitimate, the surviving spouse
shall inherit the entire estate, without prejudice to the rights of brothers and sisters,
nephews and nieces, should there be any, under article 1001. (946a)
Art. 996. If a widow or widower and legitimate children or descendants are left, the
surviving spouse has in the succession the same share as that of each of the children.
(834a)

Art. 997. When the widow or widower survives with legitimate parents or ascendants,
the surviving spouse shall be entitled to one-half of the estate, and the legitimate
parents or ascendants to the other half. (836a)

Art. 998. If a widow or widower survives with illegitimate children, such widow or
widower shall be entitled to one-half of the inheritance, and the illegitimate children or
their descendants, whether legitimate or illegitimate, to the other half. (n)

Art. 999. When the widow or widower survives with legitimate children or their
descendants and illegitimate children or their descendants, whether legitimate or
illegitimate, such widow or widower shall be entitled to the same share as that of a
legitimate child. (n)

Art. 1000. If legitimate ascendants, the surviving spouse, and illegitimate children are
left, the ascendants shall be entitled to one-half of the inheritance, and the other half
shall be divided between the surviving spouse and the illegitimate children so that such
widow or widower shall have one-fourth of the estate, and the illegitimate children the
other fourth. (841a)

Art. 1001. Should brothers and sisters or their children survive with the widow or
widower, the latter shall be entitled to one-half of the inheritance and the brothers and
sisters or their children to the other half. (953, 837a)

Art. 1002. In case of a legal separation, if the surviving spouse gave cause for the
separation, he or she shall not have any of the rights granted in the preceding articles.
(n)