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PUNTLAND GOVERNMENT OF SOMALIA

MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND HIGHER EDUCATION

ICT
SYLLABUS

SECOND REVIEW
March-2017
CONTENTS
INTRODUCTION............................................................................................................................ iii
Goals .............................................................................................................................................. iii
Subject Outcomes ..................................................................................................................... iii
SCOPE AND SEQUENCE .............................................................................................................. v
COURSE STRUCTURE ................................................................................................................. ix
FORM THREE .................................................................................................................................. 1
1. INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATIONS
TECHNOLOGY (ICT) ..................................................................................................................... 1
1.1 Brief History of ICT and Its Impacts to Society ................................................. 1
1.2 Everyday Use of ICT ...................................................................................................... 2
2. COMPUTER HARDWARE AND COMPONENTS: PART I......................................... 3
2.1 What is a Computer? .................................................................................................... 3
2.2 Input devices ................................................................................................................... 4
2.3 Output Devices ................................................................................................................ 5
3. COMPUTER ASSEMBLING, DISASSEMBLING, AND CONNECTING
PERIPHERAL DEVICES ............................................................................................................... 6
3.1 Computer Disassembling and Assembling ......................................................... 6
3.2 Essential Devices ........................................................................................................... 7
3.3 Connecting Peripheral Devices ................................................................................ 8
4 OPERATING SYSTEMS ......................................................................................................... 9
4.1 Operating Systems: An Overview ........................................................................... 9
4.2 Installing Microsoft Windows ............................................................................... 10
5. FILE AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT .............................................................. 11
5.1 Managing Files and Folders .................................................................................... 11
6. APPLICATIONS SOFTWARE: PART I .......................................................................... 12
6.1 Word Processors ......................................................................................................... 12
6.2 Spreadsheets ................................................................................................................ 13
6.3 Presentations ................................................................................................................ 14

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FORM IV ......................................................................................................................................... 15
1 APPLICATIONS SOFTWARE: PART II ........................................................................ 15
1.1 Word Processor ........................................................................................................... 15
1.2 Spreadsheets ................................................................................................................ 16
1.3 Presentations ................................................................................................................ 17
1.4 Databases ....................................................................................................................... 18
2 PROTECTING YOUR COMPUTER ..................................................................................... 19
2.1 Understanding the Importance of Protecting Computers From Viruses
19
2.2 Installing, Activating, and Updating Antivirus Program ........................... 20
3 USING THE INTERNET ..................................................................................................... 21
3.1 Introduction to the World Wide Web ................................................................ 21
3.2 Understanding the Specific Roles of Top-Level Domain (TLD)
Extensions ................................................................................................................................. 22
3.3 Understanding the Role of Web Browsers ....................................................... 23
3.4 Understanding How Search Engines Work ..................................................... 24
3.5 Doing Research on the Web ................................................................................... 25
3.6 Evaluating Information Sources on the Web .................................................. 26
3.7 Using other Peoples’ Information Sources Ethically and Giving Credits
to Copyright Holders ............................................................................................................ 27

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INTRODUCTION
Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is a comprehensive term which
covers information technology (IT) and communications technology or
technologies. Although there is no single, universally agreed upon definition of ICT,
the term is generally accepted to mean all devices including computers, networking
components, applications software, storage devices, multimedia applications, and
audio-visual systems, which when used together enable users to access, store,
transmit, and manipulate information in various channels.
Access to ICT have tangible societal impacts on economic growth, education,
healthcare, and other fields through the dissemination of information in real-time.
This syllabus, which is an extension to the two-year ICT syllabus program students
had taken in Grades Seven and Eight in their Upper Primary school, is intended to
increase students’ literacy to the ICT subject as a learning enabler like medium
languages, and to increase students’ curiosities for the ICT field an exciting higher
education and career paths.
This syllabus, which students will take in Forms III and IV, is divided into 9 units of
which 6 students will take in their Form III schoolyear, and the remaining 3 units in
their Form IV schoolyear. The units covered in this syllabus are mostly expanded
and advanced versions of the units covered to the introductory syllabus of the
subject in Grades Seven and Eight in the Upper Primary school.

Goals
This subject has two main goals:
1. To help students become computer (and information technology) literate,
and as a consequence, create the self-confidence required in engaging and
manipulating computers (and other ICT devices like mobile phones and
tablets) and the Internet for improved learning and research inquiries, and
2. To increase students’ curiosity for the subject to pursue it as
college/university education programs and career paths.

Subject Outcomes
After teaching this subject, learners will be able to:
 Comprehend the importance and various uses of ICT technologies, and
computers, in particular
 Understand the different hardware parts of computers and their functions
 Disassemble and reassemble personal computers
 Understand the functions of Operating Systems in computer environments

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 Format and install contemporary Windows Operating Systems to personal
computers
 Create, manage, search or find files in folders and subfolders
 Use productivity applications like word processors, spreadsheets, visual aid
presentation programs, and databases
 Able to protect their computers from malicious attacks using contemporary
antivirus applications
 Understand the specific roles of top-level domain (TLD) extensions in part of
their information sources verification processes
 Understand how search engines work and rank pages
 Do research on the Web and evaluate the information sources they find on the
Web for accuracy, objectivity, authority, relevance, credibility, and reliability

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SCOPE AND SEQUENCE
S. No. Main Topic Periods Form III Form IV
allocated
(1 x 19 x 4 =
76)
Form III: Term I
1. Introduction to Instruction: 4  Brief history of ICT
information and and its impacts to
communications society
technology (ICT)  Everyday use of ICT
2. Computer Instruction: 3  What is a computer?
hardware and Practice: 4  Input devices
components: Part  Output devices
I
3. Computer Instruction: 3  Computer
assembling, Practice: 5 disassembling and
disassembling, assembling
and connecting  Essential devices
peripheral  Connecting
devices peripheral devices
Form III: Term II
4. Operating Instruction:3  Operating systems:
systems Practice: 2 An overview
 Installing
contemporary
Microsoft Windows
Operating
System(s)
5. File and Instruction: 1  Managing files and
information Practice: 2 folders
management
6. Applications Instruction: 5  Installing
software: Part I Practice: 6 applications
 Word processors
 Spreadsheets
 Presentations

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Form IV: Term I
7. Applications Instruction: 8  Word processor
software: Part II Practice: 11 o Document types
o Formatting and
editing text in
paragraphs
o Using numbered
and bulleted lists
o Inserting and
formatting tables
o Inserting
Graphics, shapes,
and diagrams
o Inserting
headers, footers,
and page
numbers
o Basic
troubleshooting
techniques
 Spreadsheets
o Workbooks and
worksheets
o Cells, rows, and
columns
o Entering data and
text
o Formatting and
editing data and
text
o Introduction to
basic arithmetic
calculations
o Introduction to
basic formulas
and functions
o Introduction to
charts and graphs
o Basic
troubleshooting
techniques
 Presentations
o Slide design and
layout elements
o Adding text and

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lists
o
Editing and
formatting text
o Inserting graphic
art, pictures,
audio, and video
o Adding
animations to
slides
o Basic
troubleshooting
techniques
 Databases
o What is data?
o Understanding
the difference
between data and
information
o Working with
data
o Data-processing
cycle
o Understanding
tables, records,
and fields
Form IV: Term II
8. Protecting your Instruction: 1  Understanding
computer Practice: 1 the importance of
protecting
computers from
viruses
 Installing,
activating, and
updating antivirus
program
9. Using the Instruction: 7  Introduction to
Internet Practice: 10 the World Wide
Web
 Understanding
the specific roles
of top-level
domain (TLD)
extensions

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 Understanding
the role of web
browsers
 Understanding
how search
engines work
 Doing research on
the Web
 Evaluating
information
sources on the
Web
 Using other
peoples’
information
sources ethically

viii
COURSE STRUCTURE
No. Topic Weeks Periods Hours Marks (%)
Form III/I
1. Introduction to information and 4 4 3 20
communications technology
(ICT)
 Brief history of ICT and its 3 3 2.25 15
impacts to society 1 1 0.75 5
 Everyday use of ICT
2. Computer hardware and 7 7 5.25 35
components: Part I
 What is a computer? 3 3 2.25 14
 Input devices 2 2 1.5 10.5
 Output devices 2 2 1.5 10.5
3. Computer assembling, 8 8 6 45
disassembling, and connecting
peripheral devices
 Computer disassembling 6 6 4.5 33
and assembling 1 1 0.75 6
 Essential devices 1 1 0.75 6
 Connecting peripheral
devices
Form III/II
4. Operating systems 5 5 3.75 35
 Operating systems: An
overview 1 1 0.75 7
 Installing contemporary 4 4 3 28
Microsoft Windows
Operating System(s)
5. File and information 3 3 2.25 20
management 3 3 2.25 20
 Managing files and folders
6. Applications software: Part I 11 11 8.25 45
 Installing applications
 Word processors 2 2 1.5
 Spreadsheets 3 3 2.25
 Presentations 3 3 2.25

3 3 2.25

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Form IV/I
7. Applications software: Part II 19 19 14.25 100
 Word processor 6 6 4.5 30
o Document types
o Formatting and editing text
in paragraphs
o Using numbered and
bulleted lists
o Inserting and formatting
tables
o Inserting Graphics, shapes,
and diagrams
o Inserting headers, footers,
and page numbers
o Basic troubleshooting 5 5 3.75 25
techniques
 Spreadsheets
o Workbooks and worksheets
o Cells, rows, and columns
o Entering data and text
o Formatting and editing data
and text
o Introduction to basic
arithmetic calculations
o Introduction to basic
formulas and functions
o Introduction to charts and
graphs
o Basic troubleshooting 5 5 3.75 25
techniques
 Presentations
o Slide design and layout
elements
o Adding text and lists
o Editing and formatting text
o Inserting graphic art,
pictures, audio, and video
o Adding animations to slides
o Basic troubleshooting 3 3 2.25 20
techniques
 Databases

x
o What is data?
o Understanding the
difference between data and
information
o Working with data
o Data-processing cycle
o Understanding tables,
records, and fields
Form IV/II
8. Protecting your computer 2 2 1.5 15
 Understanding the
importance of protecting 1 1 0.75 6
computers from viruses 1 1 0.75 9
 Installing, activating, and
updating antivirus program
9. Using the Internet 17 17 12.75 85
 Introduction to the World
Wide Web 2 2 1.5 9
 Understanding the 1 1 0.75 5
specific roles of top-level
2 2 1.5 9
domain (TLD) extensions
3 3 2.25 15
 Understanding the role of
6 6 4.5 30
web browsers 2 2 1.5 12
 Understanding how 1 1 0.75 5
search engines work
 Doing research on the
Web
 Evaluating information
sources on the Web
 Using other peoples’
information sources
ethically

xi
FORM THREE
1.INTRODUCTION TO INFORMATION AND
COMMUNICATIONS TECHNOLOGY (ICT)
Information and communications technology (or ICT) is a broad phrase covering a
wide ground of various technologies used to transmit and receive communications
messages in speech, text, voice, and pictures including computers,
telecommunications, television, radio, radar, internet, and more.

1.1 Brief History of ICT and Its Impacts to Society


Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:
 Discuss a brief history of ICT
 Point out examples of ICT usages
 Appreciate the exciting careers in ICT industries
 Appreciate the use of ICT for learning activities, personal productivity, and
theirs impacts on societies in term of science breakthroughs, medical
advances, education, and national and international economies
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In groups, learners discuss about the definition of ICT
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss about the uses of ICT in their
homes and in the class
 In group work, learners bring some examples of technology from different
fields to demonstrate that ICT constitutes a constellation of various
technologies
 Ask learners questions
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Ask oral questions
 Probing questions
 Ask learners to relate personal experiences
 Quizzes
 Homework

1
1.2 Everyday Use of ICT
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:
 Discuss the everyday use of ICT
 Relate the everyday use of ICT to their lives
 Recognize some products of ICT
 Appreciate the importance of ICT to everyday communication

Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities


 In group work, learners bring some examples of ICT products like mobile
phones and personal computers as demonstration
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss various technologies integrate to
form ICT
 In pairs, learners discuss the practical usage of these products
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Ask oral questions
 Ask learners to relate personal experiences
 Quizzes
 Homework

2
2.COMPUTER HARDWARE AND COMPONENTS:
PART I
Computer is an electronic machine that can store, organize and find information, do
calculations and control other machines. To do all these activities, a computer needs
input devices to enter data and output devices to present data.

This chapter discusses the basic hardware devices computers use to take input,
perform computations, and present outputs.

2.1 What is a Computer?


Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:
 Explain what is a computer
 Understand general parts of a computer
 Pay attention to the personal safety precautions required when handling
computes (disconnect the computer from the power when not in use)
 Maintain computers (protect computer hardware from damage, liquids etc.)

Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities


 Bring a desktop or laptop computer to the class
 Individually, learners demonstrate general parts of the computer
 In group work, learners discuss how computer processes various
computation actions like storing, organizing, finding, and presenting
information
 Ask learners probing questions of what they understand about computers
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Ask oral questions
 Probing questions
 Ask learners to relate personal experiences
 Quizzes
 Homework

3
2.2 Input devices

i. Keyboard
ii. Mouse
iii. Microphone
iv. Scanner
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:

 Name the different parts of the computer input hardware


 Demonstrate how to connect these devices to the computer
 Appreciate how these different parts work together to perform
computations
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Bring a desktop or laptop computer into the class
 Bring input devices (keyboard, mouse, microphone, etc.) in the class
 In group work, learners demonstrate how to connect these input devices to
the computer.
 In pairs, learners show that when they hit a keyboard character a
corresponding activity is displayed on the monitor as a result.
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Ask oral questions
 Probing questions
 Ask learners to relate personal experiences
 Quizzes
 Homework

4
2.3 Output Devices
i. Monitor
ii. Printers
iii. Speakers
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Name the different parts of the computer output hardware
 Demonstrate how to connect these devices to the computer and carry out
printing activities and play audio visual files through speakers.
 Care for the protection of these devices
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Bring output devices (monitor, speakers, printer, etc.) into the class
 In group work, learners show how to connect these output devices to the
computer and carry out printing activities
 In groups, learners connect output devices to computers
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Ask oral questions
 Probing questions
 Ask learners to relate personal experiences
 Quizzes
 Homework

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3. COMPUTER ASSEMBLING, DISASSEMBLING, AND
CONNECTING PERIPHERAL DEVICES
Hardware components act as skeleton to support and give computers their physical
structures. Some of these hardware components are built-in in computers while
others are attached externally. Besides learning the essential hardware components
that give computers their physical structures, learners will learn how to assemble,
reassemble, and connect peripheral devices to computers.

3.1 Computer Disassembling and Assembling


Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Disassemble a desktop computer
 Reassemble a desktop computer
 Protect themselves from electric shock and/or sharp edged components of
the computer
 Protect the computer and its components from damage
 Appreciate how elegant and seamlessly work computer hardware to
produce results
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Bring a desktop computer, a screwdriver, and a magnet bar (for keeping the
computer screws)
 In group work, learners demonstrate how to disassemble the computer
 In group work, learners demonstrate how to reassemble the computer
 During this disassembling and reassembling activities ask learners probing
questions
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

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3.2 Essential Devices
i. Storage devices: Primary and secondary storage devices
ii. Random Access Memory (RAM)
iii. Processor
iv. Motherboard
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain the essential components of the computer system (CPU) or Central
Processor Unit.
 Appreciate the individual and collective importance of these essential
devices to the computer.
 Explain the functions of the computer processor, RAM, motherboard,
primary and secondary storage devices
 Differentiate the types and functions of the essential computer devices
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss the importance and functions of
the processor, RAM, motherboard, and primary and secondary storage
devices
 In groups, learners discuss of the processor, RAM, motherboard, primary
and secondary devices
 In pairs, learners match names of the essential devices, (processor, RAM,
motherboard, primary and secondary devices) to their functional
definitions
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Name/definition matching
 Group class work

7
3.3 Connecting Peripheral Devices
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Connect peripheral devices like headphones, USB/flash drives, etc. to a
computer
 Understand the uses of peripheral devices to computers
 Enjoy the extra functionalities the peripheral devices bring to computers
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Bring some peripheral devices to the class
 In group work, learners connect these peripheral devices to the computer
 While connecting these devices to the computer ask learners probing
questions
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss the practical usage of these
devices
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

8
4 OPERATING SYSTEMS
If hardware components give computers their physical structures, operating
systems give them life. An operating system (generally shortened as OS) is a set of
programs that controls the way a computer runs other programs like Microsoft
Office applications, web browsers, graphic design applications, audiovisual
displaying applications, and more. Besides getting a functioning vocabulary about
operating systems and their evolutions, learners will get a hands-on practice on how
to install a fresh copy of contemporary Microsoft Windows to a new computer or
format and replace an existing one.

4.1 Operating Systems: An Overview


Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain what is an operating system using popular examples like Microsoft
Windows, Linux, UNIX, etc.
 Understand what are the functions operating systems (OS) in computers
 Use computers responsibly and for educational purposes
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In group work, learners discuss that an operating system is what enable
computers to boot, function, and run other programs
 Individually, learners demonstrate how to start and shut down a computer
 In pairs, learners demonstrate how to create, move, cut, copy, paste, and
rearrange folders and subfolders
 In groups, learners demonstrate how to create, copy, edit, and save files
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Ask oral questions
 Probing questions
 Ask learners to relate personal experiences
 Quizzes
 Homework

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4.2 Installing Microsoft Windows
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Recognize the necessary steps required to flow to Install operating systems
 Install a contemporary version of Microsoft Windows to a computer
 Show consign for the protection of the installation DVD and computer used
for the practice
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Bring a desktop or laptop computer into the class
 Bring a contemporary DVD copy of Microsoft Windows operating system
along the computer
 In group work, learners install the Microsoft Windows operating system
into the computer
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

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5.FILE AND INFORMATION MANAGEMENT
In this chapter, learners will learn how computers organize and store information
into files and folders. The emphasis should be put on retrieving information from
computers through searching files in folders, and folders within other folders.

5.1 Managing Files and Folders


Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Understand how information is stored into files and folders
 Understand the concept of nested folders (folders within other folders or
subfolders)
 Create files and folders
 Create new files, open existing files, move, copy, cut, paste, and save them
into folders
 Create folders and subfolders
 Appreciate the concept of storing and organization information into files,
folders, and subfolders for easier information retrieving
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In pairs, learners create and save files into folders and subfolders
 In pairs, learners create folders and subfolders
 In pairs, learners copy, cut, move, and paste files and folders in other folders
and/or subfolders
 In group work, learners discuss the best practices on how to organize
information into folders and subfolders
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

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6.APPLICATIONS SOFTWARE: PART I
Applications are software programs designed to do specific jobs. They are divided
into two general classes: systems software and applications software. Applications
software (also called end-user programs) include such things as database programs,
word processors, spreadsheets, visual aid programs, and Web browsers.
Applications designed for desktop or laptop computers are sometimes called
desktop applications, while those designed for mobile devices are called mobile
apps.

In this topic, the learner will understand how applications software are used to
solve particular problems.

6.1 Word Processors


Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Understand the basic functionalities and uses of word processors
 Open, edit, copy, cut, paste, and save documents using a word processor like
Microsoft Word
 Use word processors for writing, editing, copying, cutting, pasting, and
formatting texts
 Organize information in tabular forms using word processors
 Appreciate the power of word processors in communicating written
communications
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Individually, learners demonstrate how to open a word processor like
Microsoft Word in different ways (e.g. from the Start Menu)
 In group work, learners edit and format texts using a word processor
 In group work, learners organize information into table using a word
processor
 In pairs, learners should create a document file containing the names of the
learners in their class, format it, and organize this information into tables
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

12
6.2 Spreadsheets
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Understand the basic functionalities and uses of spreadsheet programs
 Explain the basic concepts of spreadsheet programs: workbook, worksheet,
row, column, and cell
 Open, edit, copy, cut, paste, and save data into spreadsheet files using
spreadsheet program like Microsoft Excel
 Use spreadsheets to perform basic arithmetic calculations
 Appreciate the power of spreadsheet programs for organizing and storing
data as well as making basic arithmetic and other mathematical calculations
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Individually, learners show how to open a spreadsheet program like
Microsoft Excel in different ways (e.g. from the Start Menu)
 In group work, learners demonstrate how to edit and format data in
spreadsheet
 In group work, learners organize data into rows and columns in
spreadsheet
 In pairs, learners should recreate their last term exam results in a
spreadsheet program, preferably Excel
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

13
6.3 Presentations
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:
 Understand the basic functionalities and uses of presentations (or visual
aids) programs like Microsoft PowerPoint
 Explain the basic concepts and terms of presentation programs like
PowerPoint
 Open, edit, copy, cut, paste, and save text and other media files into
spreadsheet files using presentation program like Microsoft PowerPoint
 Insert media files like pictures, audios, and videos into presentation slides
 Use presentation programs to prepare and communicate ideas and stories
to an audience
 Appreciate the power of visual aids programs for communicating ideas,
thoughts, and stories
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Individually, learners demonstrate how to open a presentation program like
Microsoft PowerPoint in different ways (e.g. from the Start Menu)
 In group work, learners demonstrate how to edit, and format text and media
in a presentation program
 In group work, learners show how to insert media files like pictures, audios,
and videos into the presentation program
 In pairs, learners should prepare a presentation about a story in their lives
or community in a presentation program, preferably PowerPoint
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

14
FORM IV
1 APPLICATIONS SOFTWARE: PART II
Applications are software programs designed to do specific jobs. They are divided into two
general classes: systems software and applications software. Applications software (also
called end-user programs) include such things as database programs, word processors,
spreadsheets, presentations programs, and Web browsers. Applications designed for
desktop or laptop computers are sometimes called desktop applications, while those
designed for mobile devices are called mobile apps.

In this topic, which is an extension to the previousone discussed in Form Three, the learner
will continue learning how to use applications software to solve particular problems.

1.1 Word Processor


i. Document types v. Inserting Graphics, shapes, and
ii. Formatting and editing text in diagrams
paragraphs vi. Inserting headers, footers, and page
iii. Using numbered and bulleted lists numbers
iv. Inserting and formatting tables vii. Basic troubleshooting techniques
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:
 Differentiate different types of document types (e.g. .doc, .docx, rtx, pdf, etc.)
 Edit and format text in paragraphs usinga word processor like Microsoft Word
 Use numbered and bulleted lists in a word processor like Microsoft Word
 Insert and format tables in a word processor like Microsoft Word
 Add graphic art, shapes, pictures, and other media and format them
 Add headers, footers, and page numbers to their documents
 Appreciate the power of word processors for written communications

Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities


 Individually, learners show the different types of documents (e.g. using Save as
and then showing file formats in the list below name entry)
 In group work, learners demonstrate how to edit and format texts in paragraphs
(e.g. using the paragraph tab in Microsoft Word)
 In group work, learners get a copy of the class’s last term exam and recreate it
using the table feature and format it
 In pairs, learners will redo all these activities

Suggested Assessment Methods


 Oral questions  Practical quizzes
 Lab practices

15
1.2 Spreadsheets

i. Workbooks and worksheets v. Introduction to basic arithmetic


ii. Cells, rows, and columns calculations
iii. Entering data and text vi. Introduction to basic formulas and
iv. Formatting and editing data and functions
text vii. Introduction to charts and graphs
viii. Basic troubleshooting techniques
Learning Outcomes
At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:
 Explain the terms workbooks, worksheets, cells, columns, and rows
 Enter, edit, and format data and text
 Make basic arithmetic calculations
 Explain formulas and functions in spreadsheet programs
 Insert and format charts and graphs
 Troubleshoot basic problems
 Appreciate the use of spreadsheet programs in different fields like
education, financial calculations, data collections, sciences, and so on
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Individually, learners contrast the terms workbooks, worksheets, cells,
rows, and columns
 In group work, learners demonstrate how to edit and format data and text
in spreadsheet
 In group work, learners show how formulas are created in spreadsheets
 In pairs, learners make, and format, basic arithmetic calculations using
Excel functions and formulas
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

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1.3 Presentations

i. Slide design and layout elements


ii. Adding text and lists
iii. Editing and formatting text
iv. Inserting graphic art, pictures, audio, and video
v. Adding animations to slides
vi. Basic troubleshooting techniques
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Apply slide design and layouts in a presentation program like PowerPoint
 Add text and lists and format them in a presentation programs like
PowerPoint
 Insert media files like pictures, audios, and videos into presentation slides
 Add animations to presentation slides
 Perform basic troubleshooting techniques
 Appreciate the power of visual aids or presentation programs for
communicating ideas, thoughts, and stories visually
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Individually, learners show how to design and decorate layouts ina
presentation design program like PowerPoint
 In group work, learners demonstrate how to add, edit, and format text and
lists a presentation design program
 In group work, learners insert media files like pictures, audios, and videos
into the presentation design program
 In groups of 3-5, learners design a presentation of their choice and present
those presentations to the class.
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

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1.4 Databases
i. What is data?
ii. Understanding the difference between data and information
iii. What is a data in a database application?
iv. Working with data
v. Data-processing cycle

vi. Understanding tables, records, and fields

Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Define what is data
 Explain the difference between data and information
 List the steps involved in data-processing cycle
 Explain tables, records, and fields in databases
 Differentiate tables, records, and fields in databases
 Appreciate the use and power of databases for recording, organizing,
searching, and finding information in different fields like business,
education, government, and others
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Individually, learners discuss what they understand about the difference
between data and information
 In group work, learners compare tables, records, and fields in databases
 In group work, learners design a simple database table containing records
and fields
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

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2 PROTECTING YOUR COMPUTER
For as long as there have been, and will be, computers in existence, whether
connected to the internet or not, there will always be threats to personal privacy
and identity theft. In this topic, learners will learn the importance of using antivirus
software to protect their computers, personal privacy, and online identities.

2.1 Understanding the Importance of Protecting


Computers From Viruses
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain the importance of protecting their computers, personal privacies,
and online identities from malicious attacks like viruses, malware, Trojan
horses, and spyware
 Apply internet security techniques to protect their computers, personal
privacies, and online identities from malicious attacks like viruses, malware,
Trojan horses, and spyware
 Care for protecting their computers, personal privacies, and online
identities from malicious attacks like viruses, malware, Trojan horses, and
spyware
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Individually, learners tell stories of personal experiences of virus overtaking
their computers or mobile phones.
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss the danger of leaving their
computers and/ mobiles phones unprotected from viruses
 In group work, learners discuss the importance of protecting computers and
mobile phones from malicious attacks online or offline
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Group work discussions and presentations
 Practical quizzes

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2.2 Installing, Activating, and Updating Antivirus Program
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain the importance of using antivirus software to protect their
computers, personal privacies, and online identities from malicious attacks
like viruses, malware, Trojan horses, and spyware
 Install antivirus software to their computers and update these programs to
prevent new vulnerabilities
 Appreciate the importance of using antivirus programs for keeping their
computers, mobile phones, personal privacies, and online identities safe
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Bring a desktop or laptop computer to the class
 Bring a contemporary CD of an antivirus software program along with the
computer
 In group work, learners install antivirus into computer, active it, and update
it
 In group work, learners discuss the importance of protecting computers and
mobile phones from malicious attacks
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Lab practices
 Practical quizzes

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3 USING THE INTERNET
The Internet is a worldwide system of computer—and now mobile phones and
other technologies—networks connected to each other. It is also called the network
of networks. In this topic, learners will learn how to use the internet for learning
purposes, search information on the Web, and evaluate information sources on the
Web.

3.1 Introduction to the World Wide Web


Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain what is World Wide Web
 Discuss the importance of the Internet in everyday life
 Appreciate the societal impacts the Internet has on the society
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In group work, learners discuss the history of the Internet and the World
Wide Web
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss the importance of the Internet and
the World Wide Web on their lives
 In group work, learners make presentations about the history of the
Internet and its impact on societies
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Group work discussions and presentations
 Practical quizzes

21
3.2 Understanding the Specific Roles of Top-Level Domain
(TLD) Extensions
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain what is a top-level domain (TLD) extension
 Differentiate different types of top-level domain (TLD) extensions
 Care for the specific roles assigned to different top-level domain (TLD)
extensions
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In group work, learners discuss the specific roles assigned to different top-
level domain (TLD) extensions
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss the importance of top-level
domain (TLD) extensions being assigned to achieve different objectives
 In group work, learners make presentations about different top-level
domain (TLD) extensions used for different roles like commerce, academics,
organizations, and so on
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Group work discussions and presentations
 Practical quizzes

22
3.3 Understanding the Role of Web Browsers
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain the role of web browsers on the Web
 Differentiate web browsers from the Web
 Appreciate the role of web browsers on the Web
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In group work, learners discuss the evolution of web browsers
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss the pros and cons of their favorite
web browsers
 Learners demonstrate how to create records in database application
programs like Microsoft Access
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Group work discussions and presentations
 Practical quizzes

23
3.4 Understanding How Search Engines Work
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain what are search engines on the Internet
 Describe how search engines work on the Internet
 Use search engines for searching information online
 Feel confident on using search engines for learning purposes
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In group work, learners discuss the role and importance of search engines
on the Web
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss how search engines like Google,
Bing, and Yahoo work
 In group work, learners demonstrate how search engines rank pages
 Through group work, learners do research on how search engines work and
present their findings to the rest of the class
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Group work assignments and presentations
 Practical quizzes

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3.5 Doing Research on the Web
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain the importance of the Web for doing research online today
 Use the Web for doing research online
 Feel confident on how to do effective research on the Web
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In group work, learners discuss briefly the general principles of research
methodologies
 Through brainstorming, learners exchange best practices on how these
research methodologies are used on the Web
 In groups, learners conduct short online research on topics of their choosing
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Group work assignments and presentations
 Practical quizzes

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3.6 Evaluating Information Sources on the Web
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Identify various evaluation techniques used to evaluate information found
on the Web
 Analyze and evaluate the credibility, accuracy, relevance, authority,
objectivity, and scope for any information found on the Web
 Appreciate the importance of knowing techniques to effectively analyze and
evaluate information found on the Web
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss the various evaluation techniques
used to evaluate information on the Web: credibility, accuracy, relevance,
authority, objectivity, and scope
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss the techniques used for analyzing
and evaluating information found on the Web
 In groups, learners do short research online using the analyzation and
evaluation techniques they learned
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Group work assignments and presentations
 Practical quizzes

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3.7 Using other Peoples’ Information Sources Ethically and
Giving Credits to Copyright Holders
Learning Outcomes

At the end of the lesson, learners will be able to:


 Explain that copyright violations can lead to litigation and time in prisons
 Use other peoples’ creative products responsibly by giving them
appropriate credits while avoiding punishments for him/herself through
possible copyright violations
 Respect other peoples’ creative products like written sources on the Web
Suggested Teaching and Learning Activities
 In group work, learners compare different ways learners can—intentionally
or unintentionally—make copyright violations
 Through brainstorming, learners discuss how to give credits to copyright
holders on the sources they cite in their research projects
 In groups, learners do short projects on how copyright violations cad lead to
punishment and give appropriate credits to their sources
Suggested Assessment Methods
 Oral questions
 Group work assignments and presentations
 Practical quizzes

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