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Q 1. What is aptitude? How can it be tested? How is it helpful in civil service?

An aptitude is defined as a skill to acquire certain ability through practice and training. It is
indicative of individual potential about future.

Aptitude Identification Tests

 Informal Test- Inclination, Likings, Families, friends


 Formal Test- CSAT, CAT,CLAT

How is it helpful in civil service

 Aptitude differentiates between coal and diamond.


 Aptitude can be both mental and physical. E.g. IPS requires a certain minimum height,
Age, Body Dimensions
 Aptitude tells whether a person is competent or not for the service.
 Aptitude + Training = Competence
 Aptitude+ Attitude = Altitude

Q 2. Explain how loss of integrity can lead to inefficiency, corruption and nepotism in
organisation? Explain with suitable examples.

Frame work

Define Integrity

Then, in each paragraph deals with how it deals with inefficiency, corruption and nepotism

Ans

 Latin Integer- Whole


 To be honest and consistent in thought, speech and action
 Eliminates the gap between what we think, say and act
 It is integration of self, standing for something
 Vein Diagram

Lack of Integrity Inefficiency

 There is myth that corrupt person is efficient.


 A corrupt person is efficient for himself.
 Erodes the character of institution
 Hypocrites
 Doesn’t take stand

Lack of integrity Corruption

 Shortcut is buzzword
 Chaltaa hai attitude
 Praising corrupt boss
 Public Money

Lack of Integrity Nepotism

 Handling of information
 Favouring his known
 Not taking stand
 Insider Trading

Q 3. Explain with examples is that how objectivity is essential in civil services, yet not always
desirable.

Framework

 Definition
 When it is desirable
 How it leads to better governance
 Situation where it is not desirable

Ans

Ability of judge fairly, without bias or external influence...

Objective decision are not influenced by personal feelings or opinions in considering or


representing facts

Designed to achieve certain specific ends...

When it is desirable

 Enforcing laws, rules and regulation


 Carrying out day to day administrations

How it leads to better governance

 6 E’s
 Rule of law
 Work culture

Where is not desirable

 Empathy comes into picture


 Imposing same fines on rich and poor
 That’s why different tax slabs
 Implementation of schemes

Therefore we can say that though it is essential but not always desirable.....

Q 4. “Dedication is the highest form of commitment”. Explain this statement with respect to its
requirement in civil services.

Dedication is the quality of being able to give or apply one’s time, attention or self entirely to a
particular activity or a cause.

 Dedication= Commitment + Perseverance.

In commitment, People do just because they do it just for the sake of discharging their
responsibilities.

But in dedication, one is devoted as well as always motivated.

Requirement in civil service

 Bureaucrats generally function as they are obliged towards their duties


 But in developing country like India, they have tremendous responsibilities E.g. law and
order, Maintenance work, socio economic work
 Institutionalisation
 Early socialization
 Benevolence
 Give examples of some good IAS officer (prepare your own) ( Sreedharan, Mr. Verghese
kurien)
Q 5. India has a vast number of underprivileged people. In this context discuss the role of empathy
and compassion as an important trait among the bureaucrats.

Framework:

 First paragraph- elaborate the first line, illustrate the problems of vast majority of
people.....If possible throw some light
 Then define empathy and compassion
 After words its role and its importance

Answer

Elaborate the first line

Empathy and compassion

The ability to understand and share the feelings of another

Apathy Sympathy (Kindness) Empathy (Experience) Compassion


(Action)

Role and its importance

 Decision not only on merit but on emotions also (failure of demonetization)


 Rise of inequality
 Implementation of government schemes
 Persisting disconnect between bureaucrat and people
 Feeling the pain of common man

Q 6. What do you understand by Impartiality and non-partisanship? How does it is beneficial in


administration?

Impartiality is a principle of justice holding that decision is based on objective criteria.

 It is absence of bias and prejudice.


 Decision will be taken on merit alone.

Two main aspects

 Political Impartiality ( Equal treatment to all parties)


 Private Impartiality ( Treating everyone as equal)
Non partisanship

 Not being specifically owned or afflicted with any group, party or cause.
 No involvement in any political activity
 Critical in defining the relations between bureaucrats and politicians

Some restraints on bureaucrats:-

 Cannot join any political party


 Cannot contest any elections
 Cannot favour any business entities
 Cannot criticise government in public

How it is being ensured

 Through code of conduct rules


 Media scrutiny, People pressure
 Code of ethics
 Checks and Balances
 policy, process and result should be the concern rather than person

Role in Administration

 Filling the gap of trust deficit (Public confidence in the non political character of the civil
services)
 Confidence of Ministers
 Continuity of governance
 High morals of civil servants
 Strengthens democratic procedures
 Attracts honesty and transparency
 CITE ARE