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Major Points about Bihar – Know

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Therefore it is important that you know the information about the states well. Our
latest GK Notes series – ‘Know your State’, will help you learn major facts,
global importance, and culture of every state. This particular article will help
you learn everything about Bihar in one glance.

Read the complete article to find out the history, economy, geographical
significance, flora & fauna, important sites, tourist attractions, etc.
about Bihar. You can also download this article as PDF to keep it handy.

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Important Facts About Bihar

Bihar
Capital & Patna
Important Cities Gaya, Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur,
Aurangabad, Buxar,
Champaran (East, West)
Districts 38
Formed 1 April 1936
On - Bihar remained a part of
the Bengal Presidency
of British India until
1912 when the province
of Bihar and Orissa
was carved out
as a separate province.
- Under the Government
of India
Act of 1935, the Division
of Orissa became
a separate province.
- On November 15, 2000,
southern Bihar was
ceded to form the
new state of Jharkhand
Language Hindi
Known - Birth place of Buddhism
As/For and Jainism
- The capital state of Mauryan
dynasty (Magadh)
- Indian state with the
least literacy rate
- Bicameral legislature
- Almost 58% of the
people in Bihar are
below the age
of 25, giving Bihar the
highest proportion of
young people of any
Indian state
Physical The Bihar plain is divided
Characteristics into two unequal halves
by the river Ganga which
flows through the middle
from west to east
Natural Tropical moist deciduous,
Vegetation tropical dry deciduous,
sun-tropical and temperate
Major - Ganga flowing from the
Rivers Gangotri Glacier to the
Bay of Bengal
- Kosi flowing from
Tribenighat, Nepal to the
Ganga (Kursela, Bihar)
- Gandak flowing from
the Nhubine Glacier, Nepal
to the Ganga (Sonepur)
- Son originates near
Amarkantak in
Madhya Pradesh and
joins the Ganga near Patna

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Major Regional Navratri, chhath,
Festivals teej, bihula,
Vikram shila,
Sasaram, Madhubani
Major Art Jhumarnach, seraikella
Forms chhau, Patna Qalam,
Patna School of Painting,
Madhubani paintings
Industry Cotton spinning mills,
Sugar mills, Jute mills
and Leather industry
Minerals Limonite, Kaolin,
Limestone, Mica,
Fuller’s earth
Agriculture Rice, wheat, maize,
pulses, oilseeds,
tobacco, jute, onions,
chillies and potato
Geographical Madhubani paintings,
Indications Sujini Embroidery
Work, Khatwa,
Bhagalpur Silk
State Animal Ox
State Bird Sparrow
State Flower Marigold
Important Bodh Gaya, Caves in
Historical Sites the Kaimur range,
Lauriya-Nandan Garh
in the district of
West Champaran,
Munger, Vaishali,
Vikramshila, Golhar,
Nalanda University
ruins, Sonbhandar
Caves
World Mahabodhi Temple
Heritage Sites Complex at Bodh
Gaya, Nalanda
Ramsar Sites --
Biodiversity --
Hotspots
Bird Kanwar Lake BS
Sanctuaries
National Parks Valmiki NP
Biosphere ---
Reserve
Wildlife - Barela Jheel Salim
Sanctuaries Ali Bird WS
- Bhimbandh WS
-Gautam Budha WS
-Kanwarjheel WS
-Kaimur WS
-Kusheshwar Asthan
Bird WS
-Nagi Dam WS
-Nakti Dam WS
-Pant (Rajgir) WS
-Udaipur WS
-Valmiki WS
-Vikramshila Gangetic
Dolphin WS

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Tiger Valmiki Tiger
Reserve Reserve

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