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D E M O N S T R AT I O N S

5.4 Heat transfer: conduction


Aim: To demonstrate the transfer of heat in solids.

Equipment:
� 1 aluminium plate, 30 cm × 30 cm � Aluminium, copper, and stainless � Tripod, gauze, and Bunsen burner
� 1 wooden plate, 30 cm × 30 cm steel rods, coated with a
� 1 plastic plate, 30 cm × 30 cm temperature sensitive paint or wax,
connected to a manifold

Demonstration 1
● Hand around the plates made from different materials
to the students.
● The metal one should ‘feel’ colder than the other two even
though they are at the same temperature, room temperature.

Explanation
Aluminium is a better thermal conductor and therefore removes
more heat from the hand so that makes it feel colder.

Demonstration 2: the principle of the Davy safety lamp


● Place the Bunsen burner beneath the gauze.
● Open the gas tap.
● Light the gas above the gauze.
● The gas can pass through the gauze but the flame cannot pass
below the gauze.

Explanation
The gauze conducts the heat away from the flame so that the
temperature below the gauze remains lower than the ignition
temperature of the gas.

Application
The Davy safety lamp that avoided pockets of flammable gases
igniting in mines caused by the miners only source of light: bare
candle flames.

Demonstration 3
● Fill the reservoir with boiling water. SS
Fe
● The length of rod over which the colour of
Al
the temperature sensitive paint has changed
Cu
should be visible.

Explanation
Each material has a different ability to transfer
heat through conduction, a different coefficient
of thermal conductivity.
© OUP: this may be reproduced for class use solely for the purchaser’s institute