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Slide 1 : introduce our group (moderator : anzar)

Assalaamualaikum we are from group 4, we are standing here to sharing about our material. The
material is assessing activities daily living. Before we are share about our material, we will introduce our

Oke the first material will given by …. (Slide 2 and 3 : ryan)

the second presenter is ….. (slide 4 and 5 : diky)

the next material will given by …. (slide 6 : fitriana)

the last materials is… (slide 7and 8 : mega)

Slide 2 : introduction activity daily living history

The concept of ADLs was originally proposed in the 1950s by Sidney Katz and his team at the Benjamin
Rose Hospital in Cleveland, OH and has been added to and refined by a variety of researchers since that

Slide 3 : definition Of ADLs

The Activities of Daily Living are a series of basic activities performed by individuals on a daily basis
necessary for independent living at home or in the community. Or Activities of daily living are routine
activities people do every day without assistance.

Slide 4 : function of ADLs

• For adult : Teach and rebuild the skills required to maintain, regain or increase a person's
independence in all Activities of Daily Living that have declined because of health conditions
(physical or mental), injury or age-related debility.

• For children : Younger children often require help from adults to perform ADLs, as they have not
yet developed the skills necessary to perform them independently.

slide 5 : basic ADLs

Basic ADLs consist of self-care tasks that include, but are not limited to:

1. Bathing and showering

2. Personal hygiene and grooming (including brushing/combing/styling hair)

3. Dressing

4. Toilet hygiene (getting to the toilet, cleaning oneself, and getting back up)

5. Functional mobility, often referred to as "transferring", as measured by the ability to walk, get in
and out of bed, and get into and out of a chair; the broader definition (moving from one place to
another while performing activities) is useful for people with different physical abilities who are
still able to get around independently.

6. Self-feeding (not including cooking or chewing and swallowing)

Slide 6 : Instrument Activity Daily Living

instrumental Activities of Daily Living are actions that are important to being able to live independently,
but are not necessarily required activities on a daily basis. The instrumental activities are not as
noticeable as the Activities of Daily Living when it comes to loss of functioning, but functional ability for
IADLs is generally lost prior to ADLs. IADLs can help determine with greater detail the level of assistance
required by an elderly or disabled person. The IADLs include:

1. Basic communication skills - such as using a regular phone, mobile phone, email, or the
2. Transportation - either by driving oneself, arranging rides, or the ability to use public
3. Meal preparation - meal planning, cooking, clean up, storage, and the ability to safely use
kitchen equipment and utensils
4. Shopping - the ability to make appropriate food and clothing purchase decision
5. Housework - doing laundry, washing dishes, dusting, vacuuming, and maintaining a
hygienic place of residence
6. Managing medications - taking accurate dosages at the appropriate times, managing re-
fills, and avoiding conflicts
7. Managing personal finances - operating within a budget, writing checks, paying bills, and
avoiding scams
Slide 7 : factors of ADLS

To asses the patient’s daily activities must pay attention to factors such as :

1. Biological
Biological factors take into account a patient’s current and past health history, strengths,
and vulnerabilities
2. Psychological
Psychological considerations address an individual’s core beliefs and cognitive
functions, and how these may affect the individual’s ability to execute ADLs
3. Sociocultural
Sociocultural factors consider the way a person’s history and cultural beliefs, and the
beliefs of those around them, affect healing and the ability to function independently
4. Environmental
Environmental factors consider how a person’s environment impacts healing and
5. Finances
Financial considerations include aspects of how access to personal funds, and access to
public and private programs and insurances work to accomplish health and wellness
slide 8 : ADLs Assessment form

This Assessment form can be used when nurse collecting data for ADLs, so that the nurse
can determine what interventions will be carried out