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TRAINING DOCUMENT

TRAINING DOCUMENT GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

GENERAL

ENGINEERING

MANUAL

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

Section

Date

08.02.2011

GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

xxx-Sx

Rev.

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VERTICAL TURBINE PUMP TYPES

Open Lineshaft Deep well Enclosed Lineshaft Open Lineshaft Above floor discharge Enclosed Lineshaft Lineshaft Short
Open Lineshaft
Deep well
Enclosed Lineshaft
Open Lineshaft
Above floor discharge
Enclosed Lineshaft
Lineshaft
Short setting
Open Lineshaft
Below floor discharge
Enclosed Lineshaft
In-line nozzles
Vertical Turbine
Pumps
Barrel or can
Suction nozzle in barrel
Well
Open pit mounting
Submersible
Short setting
Barrel mounting
Horizontal in-line mounting
LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

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GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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DEEPWELL LINESHAFT VERTICAL TURBINE PUMP SELECTION

VERTI-LINE vertical turbine pumps are engineered in three basic assemblies. Each has to be combined to perform its particular function and to operate with together. To do this properly, each must be understood by the engineer and selected in the sequence below.

A – BOWL ASSEMBLY

This is the pumping element and consists of a vertical rotating shaft on which is mounted one or more impellers called rotor part. The impellers are rotated in enclosed housings or bowls called stator part and water flows into the bottom of the bowl, it is engaged by the rotating vanes of the impeller and forced into guide vanes in the bowl, changing the flow direction to direct the other impellers. It is a special series pump application for deep and narrow wells. Head is increased by the number of stages (including impeller and bowl) linearly. Quantity and pressure developed are dependent on the diameter and rotational speed of the impeller. In general increased diameter, capacity increases. For the same diameter, while the rotational speed increases, the head and capacity also increases for the same pump. The total pressure of a multi-stage pump is the sum of the pressures developed by individual stages.

B – COLUMN ASSEMBLY

This assembly consists of the column pipe which suspends the bowl assembly from the discharge head assembly and directs the water from the bowl assembly to the discharge elbow. Contained within the column is the lineshaft which transmits power from the driver to the pump shaft. The lineshaft is supported throughout its length by means of bearings which are placed according to the speed of the pump. Shafts may be in an enclosed in a tube. This type is generally lubricated with oil. Also, the shaft may be open and lubricated with the fluid being pumped. The length of this assembly must be sufficient to provide submergence of the pump bowl assembly when pumping at the designated capacity.

The pump column should be of sufficient diameter to conduct the desired quantity of water through its entire length without excessive friction loss. The line shaft diameter is determined by the power to be transmitted to the pump shaft and also by the rotational speed, length of the column and shaft assembly, and total pump head (TPH).

C – DISCHARGE HEAD ASSEMBLY

The discharge head assembly consists of the base on which the driver is mounted and the discharge elbow which directs the flow into the piping system. The column shaft assembly, and bowl assembly are suspended from the discharge head assembly.

In the case of underground discharge, the discharge elbow is separated from the head assembly and installed in the column pipe at the desired distance below the head assembly.

The driver is the mechanism mounted on the discharge head which gives power to the head shaft. It contains means for impeller adjustment and provides a bearing to carry the thrust load. It may or may not be a prime mover.

The driver may be a vertical solid shaft electric motor, vertical hollow shaft electric motor, vertical hollow shaft right angle gear drive, vertical hollow shaft belted head with either flat belt or V-belt pulley, or vertical steam turbine.

The thrust assembly is a mechanism having a thrust bearing capable of carrying the pump thrust, and a means of impeller adjustment. Some drivers have thrust capacity in itself. In many applications, thrust assembly is an extra part. The pump line shaft is connected to the driver shaft by a flexible coupling. The top of this drive is designed to mount solid shaft prime movers including electric motors, steam turbines, radial engines or any other type of prime mover having a solid shaft that is suitable for mounting in a vertical position.

Selection of the driver is governed by power requirements; availability of electric power and current characteristics; economic and other considerations.

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

Section

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GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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WELL PUMP SELECTION EXAMPLE

Proper selection of a deep well turbine pump requires complete and accurate information about the conditions of service for which the pump is intended. This is important for to select the right pump to meet the desired working conditions and also for the life cycle cost. Data to be furnished should include pump capacity, internal diameter of the well casing, depth of well, static water level, dynamic water level at designated capacity (determined by well test), static head, friction losses through discharge line, velocity head and total pumping head. If water analysis or other observations indicate corrosive water, then all available information on this subject should be noted to aid in determining whether special materials are to be considered. An example of well pump selection is given below, and for this purpose we will use the following conditions, which constitute a typical application with no complex problems. Whether oil or water lubrication is furnished is a matter of customer preference, type of service and other considerations.

A – WELL DESCRIPTION & OPERATING CONDITIONS

1. I.D. of well casing

2. Well depth

3. Static water level

4. Drawdown (at 60 l/s)

5. Dynamic water level (pumping water level)

6. Geometric head (lift above well head)

7. Discharge Line Losses (after discharge head)

8. Velocity Head

9. Total pump head (TPH) (sum of items 5, 6, 7 and 8)

10. Pump capacity

11. Quality of water

12. Current available

B – BOWL ASSEMBLY SELECTION

13 ½ inches 100 m 30 m 20 m 50 m 50 m 2.5 m 0.5 m 103 m 60 l/s Sand-free, non-corrosive, 20°C, Sp. Gr. 1.0 380 Volt, 3 phase, 50 Hz

According to well conditions and desired performance values with the power supply types and limitations, different selections can be done. This selection is based on low investment cost (high speed low stage small pump), low life cycle cost (high efficiency, low speed pump), low NPSHR, standard motor speed or different speeds with gear heads etc.

Refer to pump performance curves which show laboratory performance at various induction motor speeds. Unless otherwise stated on curve sheets the values are per-stage performance. Keep in mind that the O.D. of the bowls must be less than the I.D. of well casing into which the bowls must fit.

Performance curves are plotted from data obtained in our hydraulic test laboratory. Head-Capacity curves are the bowl performance curves showing the relationship of amount of water pumped to corresponding bowl head. The curves are marked A, C and the box above shows the corresponding impeller diameters. Select one or more curves at 2980 rpm showing the desired capacity at the maximum efficiency, or slightly less, and then determine which shows the greatest head at this capacity. We find three bowl units to consider:

Bowl Unit

Head/Stage

Bowl. Eff.

10RL

32.5

m

79.7

%

10RM

35.0

m

80.0

%

10RH

38.5

m

77.8

%

The 10RM impeller is obviously the best selection because of high efficiency and high head per stage. The total pumping head required is 103 m, and the head per stage is 35.0 m, thus:

103

35.0

2.9 stages

Obviously it should be a 3 stage bowl assembly. The 10RM 3 stages bowl assembly will deliver 60 l/s at 105 m which is slightly in excess of the head required. This is acceptable since we did not consider any head losses in the system. From the power curve, approximate bowl power required by 10RM 3 stages bowl assembly is 78 kW.

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

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C – COLUMN SELECTION

The pump bowls must be submerged at all times; therefore, the column length must be minimum equal to the dynamic water level. To provide protection against decrease water level and for applications where pump will sometimes operate at lower head and higher capacity than design point (resulting in lower dynamic water level) pump setting should be from 3 to 6 m lower than normal dynamic water level. The column length is commonly referred to as setting. In this case the required setting is taken as 55 m.

Following factors are established: Size and number of stages of bowl assembly; approximate bowl power required; depth of setting and TPH.

Shaft selection table gives the maximum power that can be transmitted by a shaft at a given thrust load. Downthrust is the total thrust load expressed in kilograms carried by the thrust bearing in the motor, gear drive or thrust assembly. It is the sum of the weight of the rotating elements and the hydraulic downthrust of the impeller. Hydraulic thrust factors of the impellers are read from performance curves. In this example, we calculate the hydraulic downthrust as:

HT 105 12.41 1300 kg hydraulic downthrust

Hence, 1 3/16” AISI 420 shaft is selected regarding these data and the shaft friction loss is calculated as:

kW

L

2.8

2

55

100

3.1 kW

From the same table, oil tube size for 1 3/16” shaft is found to be 2”. From the column friction loss table, we select 8” column pipes and calculate the column friction loss as:

h

C

3.18

55

100

1.75 m

Discharge head loss (h DH ) is read from discharge head loss graph as 0.14 m for 8” nominal elbow size. Total Bowl Head (TBH) is calculated as:

TBH TPH h h

C

DH

103

1.75

0.14

104.89

105 m

This head fall exactly on 10RM 3 stages bowl assembly curve so no impeller trim is required. Pump power is now calculated as:

kW

P

Q l

/

s

TBH m

1.02

B

 

60

105

kW

3.1

80.2 kW

L

 

1.02

80.0

D – MOTOR & DISCHARGE HEAD SELECTION

NEMA designs A, B, C and F poly-phase squirrel cage induction type integral power motors, 3 HP, 3 phase 50 Hz and larger, have a service factor of 1.15. It is permissible to operate these motors at rated voltage and frequency in an ambient temperature not exceeding 40°C, at continuous load of 115% of rated load, with possible slight differences in efficiencies and power factor than those rated at full load. We do not generally recommend exceeding the rated motor power by more than 10%.

In this example, we select a 90 kW, 3000 rpm (full load speed of 2980 rpm), 220/440 volt, 3 phase, 50 Hz vertical hollow shaft motor (VHS) with 2000 kg thrust capability which is sufficient for this application.

Proper discharge head for this pump and motor is 17AC8 with 1 ½” head shaft.

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

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SUMMARY OF CALCULATIONS

 

Specified Conditions @ 2980 RPM

 

1

Capacity

 

60

l/s

2

Static Water Level

30

m

3

Drawdown

20

m

4

Dynamic Water Level (sum of 2 and 3)

50

m

5

Geometric Head

50

m

6

Discharge Line Losses

2.5

m

7

Velocity Head

0.5

m

8

Total Pump Head (sum of 4, 5, 6 and 7)

103

m

 

Calculated Values

 

9

Column Friction Loss

 

1.75

m

10

Discharge Head Loss

0.14

m

11

Total Bowl Head (sum of 8, 9 and 10)

105

m

12

Water Power

61.8

kW

13

Bowl Efficiency

80.0

%

14

Bowl Power

77.1

kW

15

Lineshaft Friction Loss

3.1

kW

16

Shaft and Impeller Weight

300

kg

17

Hydraulic Thrust

1300

kg

18

Total Pump Thrust (sum of 15 and 16)

1600

kg

19

Thrust Bearing Loss (neglected)

0

kW

20

Pump Power (sum of 13, 14 and 18)

80.2

kW

21

Pump Efficiency

76.9

%

22

Motor Efficiency

92.5

%

23

Wire Power (input power)

86.7

kW

24

Overall Efficiency (wire to water)

71.1

%

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

Section

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GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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VERTICAL TURBINE PUMP TERMINOLOGY

Section Date 08.02.2011 GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL xxx-Sx Rev. 0 VERTICAL TURBINE PUMP TERMINOLOGY
LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

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GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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1. Datum

It is the reference line where altitude is taken as zero. Generally discharge pipe centerline is taken as datum.

2. Ground

It is the place where discharge head assembly sits.

3. Discharge Axis

It is the vertical distance between ground and datum.

4. Static Water Level

It is the vertical distance from ground to the water level in the well while pump is not operating.

5. Dynamic Water Level

It is the vertical distance from ground to the water level in the well while pump is operating at specified capacity.

6. Drawdown

It is the vertical distance between static water level and pumping water level.

7. Geometric Head

It is the vertical distance from the ground to the desired location in the discharge line. It can also be expressed by a discharge pressure.

8. Velocity Head

It is the head due to the velocity of the fluid at a given pipe section.

9. Discharge Line Losses

It is the head loss occurring in the whole discharge line after the discharge head.

10. Total Pump Head (TPH)

It is the head specified by the customer and equal to pumping water level plus geometric head plus discharge line losses plus velocity head.

11. Total Bowl Head (TBH)

It is the head that should be delivered by the bowl assembly and equal to TPH plus column friction loss plus discharge head loss.

12. Water Power

It is the power imparted to the fluid.

13. Bowl Efficiency

It is the ratio of the bowl output based on TBH to bowl power. Generally it is the efficiency read from performance curves.

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

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GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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14. Bowl Power

It is the power required by the bowl assembly giving the TBH at the designated capacity.

15. Lineshaft Friction Loss

It is the power loss due to the friction in lineshaft bearings in the column assembly.

16. Thrust Bearing Loss

It is the power loss in the thrust bearing due to the total pump thrust load.

17. Hydraulic Thrust

It is load expressed in kg due to fluid flow across the impeller and found by multiplying the maximum operating head by the thrust coefficient given in the performance tables.

18. Total Pump Thrust

It is the total load expressed in kg acting on the thrust bearing and found by adding the weight of the rotating members to the hydraulic thrust.

19. Pump Power

It is the total power required by the pump assembly and found by adding the lineshaft friction loss and thrust bearing loss to the bowl power.

20. Pump Efficiency

It is ratio of the water power to the pump power in percentage.

21. Motor Efficiency

It is the efficiency of the driver.

22. Wire Power

It is the power input to the motor.

23. Overall Efficiency

It is the ratio of the water power to the wire power in percentage.

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

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GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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USEFUL FORMULAE

P

W

kg m

/

3

g m s

/

2

Q m s

3

/

H m

1000

Q l s  /   H m   P  W 102
Q l s
/
H m
P
W
102
P
W
P
B
B
P
P P
P
P
B
LF
TF
P
 W
P
P
P
P
3 
V I PF
 
P 
P
I
746
M
P
W
O
P
I

where

Q

:

Capacity

H

:

Total Bowl Head in m

N

:

Rotational Speed in rpm

P

W

:

Wat er Power in kW

P

B

:

Bowl Power in kW

P

L

:

Lineshaft friction losses in kW

P

T

:

Thrust bearing loss in kW

P

P

:

Pump Power in kW

P I Wire (input) Power in kW

:

η B owl Efficiency (read from performance curves)

B

:

η Pump Efficiency

P

:

η Motor Efficiency

M

:

η Overall Efficiency

O

:

V

:

Voltage per leg applied to motor

I

:

Current per leg applied to motor

PF

:

Power factor of the motor (CosØ)

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

Section

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08.02.2011

GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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UNIT CONVERSION TABLE

Pressure

atm

bar

kPa

kgf/cm²

mWC

psi

atmosphere

1

1.01325

101.325

1.03323

10.33256

14.69594

bar

0.98692

1

100

1.01972

10.19744

14.50377

kilopascal

0.00987

0.01

1

0.01020

0.10197

0.14504

kilogram-force / centimeter square

0.96784

0.98067

98.0665

1

10.00028

14.22334

meter water column

0.09678

0.09806

9.80638

0.10000

1

1.42229

pound-force/inch square

0.06805

0.06895

6.89476

0.07031

0.70309

1

Capacity

l/s

m³/s

m³/h

l/min

gpm (US)

gpm (GB)

liter/second

1

0.001

0.27778

60

15.85032

13.19815

cubic meter/second

1000

1

277.77778

60000

15850

13198

cubic meter/hour

3.6

0.0036

1

216

57.06116

47.51334

liter/minute

0.01667

1.67E-05

0.00463

1

0.26417

0.21997

gallon/minute (US)

0.06309

6.31E-05

0.01753

3.78541

1

0.83267

gallon/minute (GB)

0.07577

7.58E-05

0.02105

4.54609

1.20095

1

Length

mm

m

in

ft

yd

millimeter

1

0.001

0.03937

0.00328

0.00109

meter

1000

1

39.37008

3.28084

1.09361

inch

25.4

0.0254

1

0.08333

0.02778

foot

304.8

0.3048

12

1

0.33333

yard

914.4

0.9144

36

3

1

Area

mm²

in²

ft²

yd²

millimeter square

1

0.000001

0.00155

1.08E-05

1.20E-06

meter square

1000000

1

1550.0031

10.76391

1.19599

inch square

645.16

0.00065

1

0.00694

0.00077

foot square

92903.04

0.09290

144

1

0.11111

yard square

836127.36

0.83613

1296

9

1

Volume

l

in³

ft³

yd³

liter

1

0.001

61.02374

0.03531

0.00131

cubic meter

1000

1

61023.74409

35.31467

1.30795

inch cube

0.01639

1.64E-05

1

0.00058

2.14E-05

foot cube

28.31685

0.02832

1728

1

0.03704

yard cube

764.55486

0.76455

46656

27

1

Rotational Speed

rad/s

rad/min

rps

rpm

 

radian/second

1

 

60 0.15915

9.54930

radian/minute

0.01667

 

1 0.00265

0.15915

revolution/second

6.28319

376.99112

1

60

revolution/minute

0.10472

6.28319

0.01667

1

Power

W

kW

hp

watt

1

0.001

0.00134

kilowatt

1000

1

1.34048

horsepower

746

0.746

1

Mass

kg

lb

oz

kilogram

1

2.20462

35.27396

pound

0.45359

1

16

ounce

0.02835

0.0625

1

Force

kgf

N

lbf

kilogram-force

1

9.80665

2.20462

Newton

0.10197

1

0.22481

pound-force

0.45359

4.44822

1

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

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GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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0

APPROXIMATE FLOW MEASUREMENT FROM OPEN PIPES

When there are no instruments available to accurately measure the flow of water from a pump, following method will serve as an approximation.

a pump, following method will serve as an approximation. Pipe   D — mm   Diameter
a pump, following method will serve as an approximation. Pipe   D — mm   Diameter

Pipe

 

D — mm

 

Diameter

250

300

350

400

450

500

550

600

650

700

750

800

850

900

950

1000

inch

 

Approximate Capacity — l/s

 

3

4.6

5.5

6.4

7.3

8.2

9.2

10.1

11.0

11.9

12.8

13.7

14.7

15.6

16.5

17.4

18.3

4

8.1

9.8

11.4

13.0

14.7

16.3

17.9

19.6

21.2

22.8

24.4

26.1

27.7

29.3

31.0

32.6

5

12.7

15.3

17.8

20.4

22.9

25.5

28.0

30.6

33.1

35.6

38.2

40.7

43.3

45.8

48.4

50.9

6

18.3

22.0

25.7

29.3

33.0

36.7

40.3

44.0

47.7

51.3

55.0

58.7

62.3

66.0

69.7

73.3

8

32.6

39.1

45.6

52.1

58.7

65.2

71.7

78.2

84.7

91.3

97.8

104.3

110.8

117.3

123.8

130.4

10

50.9

61.1

71.3

81.5

91.7

101.8

112.0

122.2

132.4

142.6

152.8

163.0

173.1

183.3

193.5

203.7

12

73.3

88.0

102.7

117.3

132.0

146.7

161.3

176.0

190.7

205.3

220.0

234.7

249.3

264.0

278.6

293.3

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

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GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

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LINESHAFT SELECTION TABLE

 

AISI 420

 

Thrust Load — kg

 

Diameter

Speed

500

1000

1500

2000

3000

4000

5000

6000

7500

9000

10500

12000

15000

20000

 

inch

rpm

 

Maximum Transmissible Horsepower — kW

 
 

2980

30.0

29.3

28.2

26.5

20.9

8.0

               
 

3/4

1480

14.9

14.6

14.0

13.2

10.4

4.0

               

990

10.0

9.7

9.4

8.8

6.9

2.7

               
 

740

7.5

7.3

7.0

6.6

5.2

2.0

               
 

2980

71.5

71.0

70.2

69.0

65.5

60.2

52.7

41.7

           
 

1

1480

35.5

35.3

34.9

34.3

32.5

29.9

26.2

20.7

           

990

23.8

23.6

23.3

22.9

21.8

20.0

17.5

13.8

           
 

740

17.8

17.6

17.4

17.1

16.3

15.0

13.1

10.3

           
 

2980

119.9

119.5

118.8

117.8

114.9

110.8

105.2

98.0

83.1

60.1

       

1

3/16

1480

59.5

59.3

59.0

58.5

57.1

55.0

52.3

48.7

41.3

29.9

       

990

39.8

39.7

39.5

39.1

38.2

36.8

35.0

32.6

27.6

20.0

       
 

740

29.8

29.7

29.5

29.2

28.5

27.5

26.1

24.3

20.6

14.9

       
 

2980

241.8

241.5

240.9

240.2

237.9

234.8

230.7

225.5

215.8

203.2

187.3

167.1

103.4

 

1

1/2

1480

120.1

119.9

119.7

119.3

118.2

116.6

114.6

112.0

107.2

100.9

93.0

83.0

51.4

 

990

80.3

80.2

80.0

79.8

79.0

78.0

76.6

74.9

71.7

67.5

62.2

55.5

34.4

 
 

740

60.0

60.0

59.8

59.6

59.1

58.3

57.3

56.0

53.6

50.5

46.5

41.5

25.7

 
 

2980

382.6

382.4

381.9

381.3

379.5

377.1

373.8

369.8

362.4

353.1

341.8

328.2

293.2

197.1

1

11/16

1480

190.0

189.9

189.7

189.4

188.5

187.3

185.7

183.7

180.0

175.4

169.7

163.0

145.6

97.9

990

127.1

127.0

126.9

126.7

126.1

125.3

124.2

122.9

120.4

117.3

113.5

109.0

97.4

65.5

 

740

95.0

95.0

94.8

94.7

94.2

93.6

92.8

91.8

90.0

87.7

84.9

81.5

72.8

48.9

 

2980

579.2

579.0

578.6

578.0

576.5

574.3

571.6

568.1

561.8

553.9

544.5

533.4

505.7

440.1

1

15/16

1480

287.6

287.5

287.3

287.1

286.3

285.2

283.9

282.2

279.0

275.1

270.4

264.9

251.2

218.6

990

192.4

192.3

192.2

192.0

191.5

190.8

189.9

188.7

186.6

184.0

180.9

177.2

168.0

146.2

 

740

143.8

143.8

143.7

143.5

143.2

142.6

141.9

141.1

139.5

137.5

135.2

132.4

125.6

109.3

 

AISI 1045

 

Thrust Load — kg

 

Diameter

Speed

500

1000

1500

2000

3000

4000

5000

6000

7500

9000

10500

12000

15000

20000

 

inch

rpm

 

Maximum Transmissible Horsepower — kW

 
 

2980

26.0

25.3

23.9

21.9

14.6

                 
 

3/4

1480

12.9

12.5

11.9

10.9

7.3

                 

990

8.7

8.4

7.9

7.3

4.9

                 
 

740

6.5

6.3

5.9

5.4

3.6

                 
 

2980

62.1

61.6

60.6

59.2

55.1

48.7

39.0

22.0

           
 

1

1480

30.9

30.6

30.1

29.4

27.4

24.2

19.4

10.9

           

990

20.6

20.5

20.1

19.7

18.3

16.2

13.0

7.3

           
 

740

15.4

15.3

15.0

14.7

13.7

12.1

9.7

5.5

           
 

2980

104.2

103.7

102.9

101.8

98.5

93.6

87.0

78.1

58.3

10.1

       

1

3/16

1480

51.8

51.5

51.1

50.6

48.9

46.5

43.2

38.8

29.0

5.0

       

990

34.6

34.5

34.2

33.8

32.7

31.1

28.9

25.9

19.4

3.4

       
 

740

25.9

25.8

25.6

25.3

24.5

23.2

21.6

19.4

14.5

2.5

       
 

2980

210.2

209.9

209.2

208.3

205.8

202.1

197.3

191.3

179.7

164.4

144.3

116.8

   

1

1/2

1480

104.4

104.2

103.9

103.5

102.2

100.4

98.0

95.0

89.3

81.7

71.7

58.0

   

990

69.8

69.7

69.5

69.2

68.4

67.1

65.6

63.6

59.7

54.6

47.9

38.8

   
 

740

52.2

52.1

52.0

51.7

51.1

50.2

49.0

47.5

44.6

40.8

35.8

29.0

   
 

2980

332.7

332.4

331.9

331.2

329.1

326.3

322.5

317.9

309.2

298.3

284.8

268.4

224.1

56.0

1 11/16

1480

165.2

165.1

164.8

164.5

163.5

162.0

160.2

157.9

153.6

148.1

141.4

133.3

111.3

27.8

990

110.5

110.4

110.3

110.0

109.3

108.4

107.2

105.6

102.7

99.1

94.6

89.2

74.4

18.6

 

740

82.6

82.5

82.4

82.2

81.7

81.0

80.1

78.9

76.8

74.1

70.7

66.6

55.6

13.9

 

2980

503.6

503.4

502.9

502.3

500.5

498.0

494.8

490.9

483.5

474.3

463.3

450.2

417.0

334.4

1 15/16

1480

250.1

250.0

249.8

249.5

248.6

247.3

245.8

243.8

240.1

235.6

230.1

223.6

207.1

166.1

990

167.3

167.2

167.1

166.9

166.3

165.5

164.4

163.1

160.6

157.6

153.9

149.6

138.5

111.1

 

740

125.1

125.0

124.9

124.7

124.3

123.7

122.9

121.9

120.1

117.8

115.0

111.8

103.6

83.1

Reference: ANSI B58.1-1971, AWWA E101-71

Note: At a given thrust load, maximum transmissible power is directly proportional with speed.

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO. Section Date 08.02.2011

LAYNE BOWLER PUMP CO.

Section

Date

08.02.2011

GENERAL ENGINEERING MANUAL

xxx-Sx

Rev.

0

MECHANICAL FRICTION IN LINESHAFT BEARINGS

Shaft

Oil Pipe

 

Rotational Speed — rpm

 

3500

2980

1770

1480

1170

990

880

740

Diameter

Diameter

               
 

Mechanical Friction — kW / 100 m

 

3/4 “

1 1/4 “

1.3

1.1

0.7

0.6

0.4

0.4

0.3

0.3

 

1 “

1 1/2 “

2.4

2.0

1.2

1.0

0.8

0.7

0.6

0.5

1 3/16 “

2

3.3

2.8

1.7

1.4

1.1

0.9

0.8

0.7

1 1/2 “

2 1/2 “

5.3

4.5

2.7

2.2

1.8

1.5

1.3

1.1

1 11/16 “

3

6.7

5.7

3.4

2.8

2.2

1.9

1.7

1.4

1 15/16 “

3

8.9

7.6

4.5

3.8

3.0

2.5

2.2

1.9

55

mm

4

11.1

9.4

5.6

4.7

3.7

3.1

2.8

2.3

60

mm

4

13.2

11.2

6.7

5.6

4.4

3.7

3.3

2.8

65

mm

4

15.5

13.2

7.8

6.5

5.2

4.4

3.9

3.3

70

mm

5

17.9

15.3

9.1

7.6

6.0

5.1

4.5

3.8

75

mm

5

20.6

17.5

10.4

8.7

6.9

5.8

5.2

4.4

80

mm

5

23.4

20.0

11.9

9.9

7.8

6.6

5.9