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LESSON PLAN

MITOSIS AND MEIOSIS


I. Objective

At the end of this activity, the student must learn the following:

a. Concept of Mitosis and Meiosis


b. The difference between Mitosis and Meiosis
c. Understanding the Stages of Mitosis and Meiosis
d. Importance of Mitosis and Meiosis

II. Learning Task


1. Meaning of Mitosis and Meiosis
2. Comparison of Mitosis and Meiosis using Chart/Table
3. Visual Presentation of the Stages of Mitosis: Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase,
Anaphase, and Telophase, Cytokinesis
4. Visual Presentation of the Stages of Meiosis: Meiosis I - Prophase, Metaphase,
Anaphase, and Telophase and Meiosis II - Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, and
Telophase
III. Student’s Previous Knowledge
1. Students should already know the terms: prokaryote and eukaryote
2. Student should be able to identify and describe the structure and function of the major
cell organelles in plants and animals.
3. Students should be able to explain that DNA is a set of instructions that are passed from
parent to offspring.

IV. Teacher’s Materials


Powerpoint Presentation
Videoclips:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=PYIMWgyQVtg
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qH4WUUQ5pOI

V. Methodology Procedure
1. Introduction. Greetings.
2. Discussion for the definition of Mitosis and Meiosis and some explanation. (Use of
dialect that understand by the student)
3. Explanation of the Difference between Mitosis and Meiosis using chart.
4. Explanation of each stages for Mitosis – Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase,
Telophase, and Cytokinesis.
5. Video Clip for Mitosis using Hand Jive.
6. Explanation of each stages for Meiosis – Meiosis I: Interphase, Prophase, Metaphase,
Anaphase, and Telophase; Meiosis II: Prophase, Metaphase, Anaphase, Telophase, and
Cytokinesis.
7. Video chip for the Mitosis and Meiosis.
VI. Lesson Proper

Teacher’s Activity Student’s Activity


a. Greetings:
Good Morning
Good Morning.
Teacher.
I am Teacher Angelica and I will be discussing about Mitosis
Students will listen
and Meiosis.
carefully once
teacher already
discussed.
b. Introduction – Powerpoint Presentation.

Look at your sit mates. (Look at one


What can you say about him/her? another.)
Is she/he looks like you?

No. Because we are different in many ways.


No.
Who has an open-wound? (Students may
Or do you see your wound healed? What happened? answer if they have
idea.
Open wound became closed for some time. This is the healing If no one answer,
process of the wound – from open to close one. teacher will proceed)

The reason why we are different from one another and the
open wound healed is because of cell divides and reproduce. (Students may
And these ways are called Mitosis and Meiosis. answer if they have
idea.
Now, let’s take a look for the meaning of Mitosis. So, what is If no one answer,
Mitosis? Any Idea? teacher will proceed)

So, Mitosis is a process of cell division that results in two


genetically identical daughter cell developing from a single
parent cell.
>It means that Mitosis produced two cells and each cell has
the same number of chromosomes. The cell duplicates.

Under normal conditions once an animal cell becomes


specialized it can no longer form an entire organism, however
plant cells are totipotent (which can divide or reproduce cells)
and any cell can form an entire plant.

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While, Meiosis is the division of a germ cell involving two
fissions of the nucleus and giving rise to four gametes or sex
cells, each possessing half number of chromosomes of the
original cell.
> Cell produces in haploid
Difference Between Mitosis and Meiosis
CHARACTERISTICS Meiosis Mitosis

Type of Sexual Sexual Asexual (an


Reproduction (produced organism
offspring with capable to
mate) produce
offspring in the
absence of a
mate.)
Occurs in Human, plants, All organism.
animal, and
fungi
Genetically Different Identical

Crossing Over Yes No

Definition A type of A process of


cellular asexual
reproduction in reproduction in
which the which the cell
number of divides in two
chromosomes producing a
are reduced by replica, with an
half through the equal number
separation of of
homologous chromosomes
chromosomes, in each resulting
producing two diploid cells.
haploid cells.
Pairing of Homologs Yes No
(a chromosome that
is similar in physical
attributes and
genetic information
to another
chromosomes)
Function Genetic Cellular
diversity reproduction
and general

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through sexual growth and
reproduction repair of the
body.
Number of Divisions 2 1
Number of Daughter 4 haploid cells 2 diploid cells
Cells produced
Chromosome Reduced by half Remains the
Number same
Steps (Meiosis 1) Prophase,
Prophase 1, Metaphase,
Metaphase 1, Anaphase,
Anaphase 1, Telophase
Telophase 1;
(Meiosis II)
Prophase II,
Metaphase II,
Anaphase II,
Telophase II
Karyokinesis (Division Occurs in Occurs in
of Cell nucleus) Interphase I Interphase
Cytokinesis (The Occurs in Occurs in
actual division of the Telophase I and Telophase
cell into two new in Telophase II
cells. It occurs in
cytoplasm)
Centromeres Split The The
centromeres do centromeres
not separate split during
during Anaphase
Anaphase I but
during
Anaphase II
Creates Sex cells only: Makes
female egg cells everything
or male sperm other than sex
cells cells
Discovered by Oscar Hertwig Walther
Flemming

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