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# Joe Miragliotta

## What is the relationship between watershed area and annual streamflow?

The relationship between the watershed area and the annual streamflow is the larger the
watershed is the more water will flow by annually.
How does this relationship vary for New Jersey’s physiographic provinces?
This relationship varies for New Jersey’s physiographic provinces by the areas in the
mountains have a smaller watershed and the areas in a relatively flat area will have a larger
watershed zone. The flatter areas will have a larger watershed because at their highest points
there is very little incline to force water in other directions.
What other factors influence annual streamflow?
Other factors that will affect the annual streamflow of the water is the amount of
precipitation that occurs that year. Also, the amount of debris that is in the waterways that could
cause the flow of water to be interrupted.

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.946101
R Square 0.895106
Square 0.894014
Standard Error 25.00601
Observations 98

ANOVA
Significance
df SS MS F F
Regression 1 512253.5 512253.5 819.2115 8.5E-49
Residual 96 60028.87 625.3008
Total 97 572282.4

## Standard Upper Lower Upper

Coefficients Error t Stat P-value Lower 95% 95% 95.0% 95.0%
Intercept -1.18019 3.672832 -0.32133 0.748659 -8.4707 6.110326 -8.4707 6.11032
X Variable 1 1.707827 0.059669 28.62187 8.5E-49 1.589386 1.826268 1.589386 1.82626

The is a
significant
relationship

What may cause a change in the slope of the amount of annual streamflow is the increase or
decrease in precipitation.
The year 2010 has a high flow value at the larger watershed sizes and the year 2016 has a low
flow value at the larger watershed sizes.
As the size of the watershed increases the flow values seem to increase at a steady rate.
Question 3
SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.979166
R Square 0.958765
Square 0.957391
Standard
Error 12.8598
Observation
s 32

ANOVA
Significan
df SS MS F ce F
115356.
Regression 1 115356.2 2 697.546 2.5E-22
165.374
Residual 30 4961.23 3
Total 31 120317.4

## Coefficien Standard Lower Upper Lower Upper

ts Error t StatP-value 95% 95% 95.0% 95.0%
- 0.96367 7.33300 - 7.33300
Intercept -0.16869 3.673206 0.04592 6 -7.67037 1 7.67037 1
1.58597
X Variable 1 1.718894 0.065082 26.4111 2.5E-22 1.585979 1.85181 9 1.85181
HIGH
300
Mean Annual discharge (cfs)

250

200

150

100

50

0
0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160
Drainage (sq mi)

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.927125
R Square 0.85956
Square 0.854159
Standard
Error 23.8358
Observation
s 28

ANOVA
Significan
df SS MS F ce F
90410.6
Regression 1 90410.66 6 159.133 1.37E-12
568.145
Residual 26 14771.78 4
Total 27 105182.4

## Coefficien Standard Lower Upper Lower Upper

ts Error t Stat P-value 95% 95% 95.0% 95.0%
0.71343 0.48193 18.2755 - 18.2755
Intercept 4.708765 6.600142 4 3 -8.85802 5 8.85802 5
12.6147 1.37E- 1.77782 1.27962 1.77782
X Variable 1 1.528728 0.121185 9 12 1.279628 8 8 8

PIED
400
Mean Annual discharge (cfs)

350
300
250
200
150
100
50
0
0 50 100 150 200
Drainage (sq mi)

SUMMARY OUTPUT

Regression Statistics
Multiple R 0.933416
R Square 0.871265
Square 0.867587
Standard
Error 32.38877
Observation
s 37

ANOVA
Significan
df SS MS F ce F
248491. 236.876
Regression 1 248491.1 1 4 3.76E-17
1049.03
Residual 35 36716.14 2
Total 36 285207.2
Coefficien Standard Lower Upper Lower Upper
ts Error t Stat P-value 95% 95% 95.0% 95.0%
-
- 0.64938 18.340
Intercept -3.3794 7.36956 0.45856 3 -18.3404 11.5816 4 11.5816
15.3907 3.76E- 1.94793 1.4939 1.94793
X Variable 1 1.720939 0.111816 9 17 1.49394 8 4 8

Observations

1. In all three graphs the larger the watershed the more annual discharge from the streams
there is.
2. In all three graphs there is a cluster of points with a low discharge at the smaller
watershed size.