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INTRODUCTION

The 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution gathered millions of Filipinos

from all walks of life to march along Epifanio de los Santos Avenue

(EDSA), the main artery of Metro Manila, to end the dictatorship of

President Ferdinand E. Marcos and begin a new era marked by true

freedom and democracy. This spirit of the movement was not confined to

Manila; it manifested through non-violent demonstrations staged in

different cities nationwide—it was a revolution marked by its peaceful

means, led by a nation united to reclaim liberty.

The events of February 25, 1986, altered the course of our nation’s

history; it showcased to the world the remarkable resolve of the Filipino

people. It heralded an era of peace. Over the years, we have continued to

remember this momentous occasion by honoring the sacrifices of all

those who fought the dictatorship.

By virtue of Proclamation No. 1071, s. 2015 , February 25, 2016, is a

special (non-working) holiday throughout the country in celebration of the

30th Anniversary of the 1986 EDSA People Power Revolution—the

movement that “restored our democratic institution and ushered in

political, social and economic reforms in the country.”

PRESIDENT AQUINO'S SPEECH

Read President Benigno S. Aquino III’s speech at the EDSA People Power

Monument, on February 25, 2016: http://

www.officialgazette.gov.ph/2016/02/25/aquino-speech-edsa-30/

ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

The Presidential Communications Development and Strategic Planning


Office and the Presidential Museum and Library would like to thank the

following for their invaluable help and assistance in this project: Mr. Kidlat

Tahimik, Ms. Leah Navarro, Ms. Loy Jurado, Mr. Kim Komenich, Mr.

James Nachtwey, Mr. Christopher Morris, Mr. Roland Neveu, Mr. Jacinto

Tee, Mr. Gary Majam, Bancroft Library, The James B. Reuter, S.J.,

Foundation, Veritas Publications and Communications Foundation,

Webistan Photo Agency, TIME Magazine, Manila Bulletin, Philippine Daily

Inquirer, First Quarter Storm Library, ATOM (August 21 Movement),

People’s Television Network, Inc., EDSA People Power Commission,

National Historical Commission of the Philippines, Commission on Human

Rights, National Economic Development Authority, Bantayog ng mga

Bayani Memorial Foundation, and the Presidential Commission on Good

Government.

RELATED READING AND MEDIA

Timeline: Chronology of a Revolution by Angela Stuart Santiago

Profile: Corazon C. Aquino , on the Presidential Museum and Library

Profile: Ferdinand E. Marcos , on the Presidential Museum and Library

Birth anniversary of President Corazon C. Aquino, on the Presidential

Museum and Library

Death anniversary of Ninoy Aquino, on the Presidential Museum and

Library

Briefer: Declaration of Martial Law , on the Official Gazette of the

Philippines

Speech: “ I Challenge This Military Tribunal,” by Ninoy Aquino, on the

Presidential Museum and Library


Speech: The undelivered speech of Senator Benigno S. Aquino Jr., upon

his return from the U.S. on August 21, 1983

, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines

Speech: Eulogy delivered by Corazon C. Aquino during the funeral mass

for Ninoy Aquino

, on the Presidential Museum and Library

Essay: Carmen Guerrero Nakpil on the death of Ninoy Aquino, on the

Presidential Museum and Library

Photoset: President Corazon C. Aquino , on the Presidential Museum and

Library Flickr

Photoset: President Ferdinand E. Marcos , on the Presidential Museum

and Library Flickr

Photoset: Senator Benigno S. Aquino Jr. , on the Presidential Museum

and Library Flickr

Audio: Mambo Magsaysay, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines

Soundcloud

Audio: A campaign radio broadcast of Corazon C. Aquino, debunking

claims she is a communist

, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud

Audio: Corazon C. Aquino speaks during the campaign for the 1986

Snap Elections

, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud

Audio: A campaign radio broadcast of Corazon C. Aquino for the 1986

elections. She gently reprimanded incumbent President Ferdinand E.

Marcos, claiming he is the reason that conditions in the Philippines


worsened

, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud

Audio: A campaign radio broadcast of Corazon C. Aquino for the 1986

elections: She apologizes for not being able to visit all the provinces

due to the lack of time and reaffirms her dedication to the cause

, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud

Audio: Former President Diosdado Macapagal issues a statement over

Radio Veritas, urging President Ferdinand E. Marcos to restore

democracy

, on www.interaksyon.com

Audio: Bagong Lipunan , on the Official Gazette of the Philippines

Soundcloud

Audio: Ferdinand E. Marcos Campaign Ad for the 1986 Snap Elections,

on the Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud

Audio: Ferdinand E. Marcos Campaign Ad for the 1986 Snap Elections:

Filipinos testify that Marcos is the only one strong enough to counter

terrorism/communism

, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud

Audio: A campaign broadcast of Ferdinand E. Marcos for the 1986

elections, warning that a woman would not be able to handle the

challenges of the Presidency

, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud

Audio: A campaign broadcast of Ferdinand E. Marcos for the 1986

elections. Filipino workers warn that the opposition is allying with

communists/terrorists
, on the Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud

Audio: Radio news broadcast regarding the 1986 snap elections, on the

Official Gazette of the Philippines Soundcloud