Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 6

1.

Explain the advantages and disadvantages of NAND ROMs as compared to NOR


ROMs.
2. Sketch a dot diagram for a 2-input XOR using ROM.
3. Sketch a dot diagram for a 2-input XOR using PLA.

4. Implement the 8 input boolean function Z=AB+CD(E+F)+GH using CMOS and Domino CMOS logic

5. Sketch a 3-input XOR functions using each of the following circuit techniques:
a) static CMOS b) pseudo-nMOS c) CPL
6. Repeat the above question (5) for a 2-input NAND gate.

7. Sketch a pseudo-nMOS gate that implements the function

8. Design a BiCMOS circuit for the boolean function Z=Bar (ABCDE+FGH)

9. (a) Design a 2-input XOR gate using a 4:1 MUX.


(b) Design a 2-input XNOR gate using a 4:1 MUX.
(c) A full adder accepts inputs a,b, and c and calculates the sum bit
s = a xor b xor c
Use your MUX-based gates to design a circuit with this output.

10. Design a CMOS logic gate for the function

using the smallest number of transistors.


11. Design a CMOS circuit for the OAI expression

Use the smallest number of transistors in your design.

12. Design a CMOS logic gate circuit that implements

using series-parallel logic. The objective is to minimize the transistor count.


13. Design the 4:1 multiplexer circuit using TG switches.
14. Design a 4:1 MUX using three 2:1 TG multiplexers.
15. (i) Consider a complex CMOS logic gate that implements the function

Design the logic circuit and size with βn= βp is used as a reference.

16. A CMOS logic gate that implements the function

is needed in a control network.


(a) Design the logic circuit.
(b) Find the device sizes in the gate if we choose to equalize the nFET and pFET resistances.
17. Design a layout diagram for two input pMOS NOR gate.
18. Design a digital BiCMOS circuit that implements the function

19. Consider a CMOS process that is characterized by VDD = 5 V, Vtn = 0.7 V, Vtp = -0.85 V, kn’ = 120
µA/V2 , kp’ = 55 µA/V2. A pseudo-nMOS inverter is designed using an nFET aspect ratio of 4.
(a) Find the pFET aspect ratio needed to achieve VOL = 0.3 V.
(b) Suppose instead that we select a pFET aspect ratio of (W/L)p = 3. Find VOL for this case.

20. Draw the pseudo-nMOS circuits that provide the following logic operations.

21. Consider the dual expressions

Which form (AOI or OAI) would provide the best performance when built using pseudo-nMOS design?

22. Design a clocked CMOS circuit that implements the function

23. Draw the circuit diagram for a dynamic logic gate that has an output of

using the smallest number of transistors.

24. Draw the circuit diagram for a dynamic logic gate that has an output of
25. Design a FET-programmable ROM that contains the following data.
Address Data
0 1011
1 1101
2 1110
3 1111
4 0001
5 1000
6 1100
7 0101

26. Draw the circuits for pi and gi needed for a 4-bit CLA in each of the following CMOS technologies:
(a) Static CMOS ; (b) Domino CMOS ; and (c) TG logic.
27. Construct the CMOS circuits for the CLA bits using series-parallel nFET-pFET
structuring.

28. Design a dynamic CMOS AND-OR PLA using NOR gates as a basis. Design the circuitry such that
inputs are a,b,c and outputs are

29. Design a dynamic CMOS NOR-NOR PLA that has a,b,c as inputs and outputs the POS functions.
30. Sketch a transistor-level (use only nmos and pmos transistors) schematics for the following logic
functions. You may assume you have both true and complementary versions of the inputs available.
A 2:4 decoder defined by

31. Sketch a layout diagram for a CMOS 4-input NOR gate.


32. Design a layout diagram for two input pMOS NOR gate.

33. Consider the design of a CMOS compound OR-AND-INVERT (OAI) gate computing

.
a) Sketch a transistor-level schematic
b) Sketch a layout diagram

34. Design a dynamic CMOS circuit that implements the function

35. Design a Clocked CMOS logic gate circuit that implements

36. Sketch a Domino CMOS gate that implements the function

37. Sketch a 3-input XNOR functions using each of the following circuit techniques:
a) static CMOS b) pseudo-nMOS c) CPL

38. Draw the Static CMOS circuits that provide the following logic operations.

39. Design full adder using TG logic.

40. How multiplication can be done using Wallace tree?


41. Write short notes on
a) Gallium Arsenide technology
b) GaAs devices
42. Explain how the MESFET act as a inverter.
43. Write short notes on : Clocking strategies, latches and registers.
44. How the Latch up is encountered in MOSFET fabrication and what are the steps taken to prevent it,
explain in device and circuit level?

45. Draw the 2-input BiCMOS XOR gate.


46. Compare CMOS, Bipolar, and GaAs technologies.
47. Discuss the charge sharing problem in CMOS dynamic logic circuit and how it can be eliminated?

48. Write short notes on Layout design rules.


49. Compare ASIC vs FPGA.
50. Design a layout diagram for the PMOS logic shown below Y = ( A + B ).C

51. Write short notes on : Design rule checkers and layout extractions
52. Explain clocked CMOS logic, domino logic and n-p CMOS logic.
53. Describe the operation of SRAM in read and write mode?

54. Design a layout diagram for the PMOS logic shown below Y = ( A + B ).C
55. Design a layout diagram for two input pMOS NOR gate.
56. How the output voltages vary with time in NMOS pass transistor logic during Logic ‘0’ and Logic’1’
transfer?

57. Implement Full Subtractor using Domino logic.


58. Implement Single-bit Full adder using TG logic.
59. Implement 4-bit x 4-bit ROM array (NOR based).

60. Write short notes on : Semiconductor Memories.


61. Explain clocked CMOS logic, domino logic and n-p CMOS logic.

62. Compare CMOS, Bipolar and GaAs technologies.


63. Implement Single-bit Full adder (Mirror Adder).
64. Compare Static CMOS, pseudo nMOS, Dynamic CMOS.

65. Write short notes on : Field Programmable Gate Arrays.


66. Write short notes on : CMOS layout lamda based design rules.
67. Compare FPGA Vs ASIC Design styles.

68. Write short notes on : Ground rules for successful VLSI Design.
69. Write short notes on : Design Rule Checkers and Simulators.
70. Draw the Transmission gate mux and its layout?
71. Design and explain 4X4 Barrel shifter, 4X4 NAND based ROM?
72. Design an AND – OR PLA that has the following outputs
F1= mo+m1+m6
F2 =m3+m4+m7
73. Design the two phase clocking using D latch?

74. Design the CMOS full adder circuit and make alayout?
75. Derive the equivalent resistance of CMOS transmission gate and plot the Req as a function of output
voltage?
76. Explain the Dynamic RAM read and write operation?

77. Write short notes on Layout design rules?


78. Explain clocked CMOS logic, domino logic and n-p CMOS logic?
79. Draw the Static CMOS circuits that provide the following logic operations.

80. Compare Static CMOS, pseudo nMOS, Dynamic CMOS.


81. Implement Single-bit Full adder using TG logic.
82. Explain how the MESFET act as a inverter.

83. Describe the operation of SRAM in read and write mode?


84. Consider the design of a CMOS compound OR-AND-INVERT (OAI) gate computing

.
a) Sketch a transistor-level schematic
b) Sketch a layout diagram

85. Design the 4:1 multiplexer circuit using TG switches