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## HCF AND LCM WORD PROBLEMS

About "HCF and LCM word problems"
HCF and LCM word problems :

Word problems on HCF and LCM play a major role in  quantitative aptitude test. There is no
competitive exam without questions from this topic.

In this section, we are going to see, how word problems on HCF and LCM can be solved.

## HCF and LCM word problems

Problem 1 :

Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 2, 4, 6, 8 10 and 12 seconds
respectively. In 30 minutes, how many times do they toll together?(excluding the one at start)

Solution :

For example, let the two bells toll after every 3 secs and 4 secs respectively.
Then theFullﬁrst
Site bell tolls after every 3, 6, 9, 12 seconds...

## Like this, the second bell tolls after every 4, 8, 12 seconds...

So, if the two bell toll together now, again they will toll together after 12 seconds. This 12
seconds is nothing but the L.C.M of 3 seconds and 4 seconds

The same thing happened in our problem. To ﬁnd the time, when they will all toll together, we
have to ﬁnd the L.C.M of (2,4,8,6,10,12).

## L.C.M of (2,4,8,6,10,12) is 120 seconds = 2 minutes.

So, after every two minutes, all the bell will toll together.

## For example, in 10 minutes, they toll together 10/2 = 5 times

That is, after 2,4,6,8,10 minutes. It does not include the one at the start

Similarly, in 30 minutes, they toll together 30/2 = 15 times.(excluding one at the start)

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 2 :

The traﬃc lights at three different road crossings change after every 48 sec, 72 sec and 108
sec respectively. If they all change simultaneously at 8:20:00 hrs, when will they again change
simultaneously ?

Solution :

For example, let the two signals change after every 3 secs and 4 secs respectively.

## Like this, the second signal changes after 4, 8, 12 seconds...

So, if the two signals change simultaneously now, again they will change simultaneously after 12
seconds. This 12 seconds is nothing but the L.C.M of 3 seconds and 4 seconds

The same thing happened in our problem. To ﬁnd the time, when they will all change
simultaneously, we have to ﬁnd the L.C.M of (48,72,108).

## L.C.M of (48,72,108) is 432 seconds  =  7 min 12 sec

So, after every 7 min 12 sec, all the signals will change simultaneously.

At 8:20:00 hrs, if all the three signals change simultaneously, again they will change
simultaneously after 7 min 12 sec. That is at 8:27:12 hrs.

## Hence, three signals will change simultaneously at 8:27:12 seconds.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 3 :

A merchant has 120 ltrs of and 180 ltrs of two kinds of oil. He wants the sell oil by ﬁlling the
two kinds of oil in tins of equal volumes. What is the greatest of such a tin.

Solution :

The given two quantities 120 and 180 can be divided by 10, 20,... exactly. That is, both the kinds
of oils can be sold in tins of equal volume of 10, 20,... ltrs.

But, the target of the question is, the volume of oil ﬁlled in tins must be greatest.
So, we have to ﬁnd the largest Navigation
Full Site number which exactly divides 120 and 180.That is nothing but the
H.C.F of (120, 180)

## H.C.F of (120, 180)  =  60

The 1st kind 120 ltrs is sold in 2 tins of of volume 60 ltrs in each tin.

The 2nd kind 180 ltrs is sold in 3 tins of volume 60 ltrs in each tin.

## Hence, the greatest volume of each tin is 60 ltrs.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 4 :

Find the least number of soldiers in a regiment such that they stand in rows of 15, 20, 25 and
form a perfect square.

Solution :

To answer this question, we have to ﬁnd the least number which is exactly divisible by the given
numbers 15,20 and 25.That is nothing but the L.C.M of (15,20,25)

## L.C.M of (15,20,25) = 300

So, we need 300 soldiers such that they stand in rows of 15, 20 , 25.

## But, it has to form a perfect square (as per the question)

To form a perfect square, we have to multiply 300 by some number such that it has to be a
perfect square.
To makeFull
300Siteas perfect square, we have to multiply 300 by 3.

## Hence, the least number of soldiers required is 900.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 5 :

Find the least number of square tiles by which the ﬂoor of a room of dimensions 16.58 m and
8.32 m can be covered completely.

Solution :

We require the least number of square tiles. So, each tile must be of maximum dimension.

To get the maximum dimension of the tile, we have to ﬁnd the largest number which exactly
divides 16.58 and 8.32.That is nothing but the H.C.F of (16.58, 8.32)
16.58X100 = 1658 cm and 8.32X100 = 832 cm

## Required no. of tiles = (Area of the ﬂoor) / (Area of a square tile)

=  (1658x832)/2x2

=  344864

## Hence, the least number of square tiles required = 344864

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 6 :
A wine Full
seller
of wine. 403 liters of 1st kind, 434 liters of 2nd kind and 465
liters of 3rd kind. Find the least possible number of casks of equal size in which different
types of wine can be ﬁlled without mixing.

Solution :

For the least possible number of casks of equal size, the size of each cask must be of the
greatest volume.

To get the greatest volume of each cask, we have to ﬁnd the largest number which exactly
divides 403, 434 and 465.That is nothing but the H.C.F of (403,434,465)

=  13+14+15

=  42

## Hence, the least possible number of casks of equal size required is 42

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 7 :

The sum of two numbers is 588 and their HCF is 49. How many such pairs of numbers can be
formed ?

Solution :
Since the
FullH.C.F
Site is 49, the two numbers
Navigation could be 49x and 49y

## Their sum is 588. So, 49x+49y = 588 ===> x+y  =  12

We have to ﬁnd the values of "x" and "y" such that their sum is 12.

## The possibles values of (x,y)

=  (1,11),(2,10),(3,9),(4,8)(5,7)(6,6).

Here, we have to check an important thing. That is, in the above pairs of values of (x,y), which are
all co-primes?

[Co-primes = Two integers are said to be co-primes or relatively prime if they have no common
positive factor other than 1 or, equivalently, if their greatest common divisor is 1]

Therefore in the above pairs, (1,11) and (5,7) are the co-primes.

## Hence, the number of pairs is 2

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 8 :

The product of two numbers is 2028 and their H.C.F. is 13. Find the number of such pairs

Solution :

Since the H.C.F is 13, the two numbers could be 13x and 13y

## So, (13x) X (13y) = 2028 ===> xy  =  12

We haveFull
toSite
ﬁnd the values of "x" and "y" such that their product is 12.

## The possibles values of (x,y)  =  (1,12),(2,6),(3,4).

Here, we have to check an important thing. That is, in the above pairs of values of (x,y), which are
all co-primes?

[Co-primes = Two integers are said to be co-primes or relatively prime if they have no common
positive factor other than 1 or, equivalently, if their greatest common divisor is 1]

Therefore in the above pairs, (1,12) and (3,4) are the co-primes.

## Hence, the number of pairs is 2

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 9 :

Lenin is preparing dinner plates. He has 12 pieces of chicken and 16 rolls. If he wants to
make all the plates identical without any food left over, what is the greatest number of
plates Lenin can prepare ?

Solution :

To make all the plates identical and ﬁnd the greatest number of plates, we have to ﬁnd the
greatest number which can divide 12 and 16 exactly.

## H.C.F of (12, 16)  =  4

That is, 12 pieces of chicken would be served in 4 plates at the rate of 3 pieces per plate.

And 16 rolls would be served in 4 plates at the rate of 4 rolls per plate.

In this way, each of the 4 plates would have 3 pieces of chicken and 4 rolls. And all the 4 plates
would be identical.

## Hence, the greatest number of plates Lenin can prepare is 4

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 10 :

The drama club meets in the school auditorium every 2 days, and the choir meets there every
5 days. If the groups are both meeting in the auditorium today, then how many days from now
will they next have to share the auditorium ?

Solution :

If the drama club meets today, again they will meet after 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12.... days.

Like this, if the choir meets today, again they will meet after 5, 10, 15, 20 .... days.

From the explanation above, If both drama club and choir meet in the auditorium today, again,
they will meet after 10 days.

## And also, 10 is the L.C.M of (2,5).

Hence, both the groups will share the auditorium after ten days.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 11 :

John is printing orange and green forms. He notices that 3 orange forms ﬁt on a page, and 5
green forms ﬁt on a page. If John wants to print the exact same number of orange and green
forms, what is the minimum number of each form that he could print ?

Solution :
The condition
Full Site of the question is, the number of orange forms taken must be equal to the number

## Let us assume that he takes 10 orange and 10 green forms.

10 green forms can be ﬁt exactly on 2 pages at 5 forms/page. But,10 orange forms can't be ﬁt
exactly on any number of pages.

Because, 3 orange forms can be ﬁt exactly on a page. In 10 orange forms, 9 forms can be ﬁt
exactly on 3 pages and 1 form will be remaining.

To get the number of forms in orange and green which can be ﬁt exactly on some number of
pages, we have to ﬁnd L.C.M of (3,5). That is 15.

## Hence,the smallest number of each form could be printed is 15.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 12 :

Lily has collected 8 U.S. stamps and 12 international stamps. She wants to display them in
identical groups of U.S. and international stamps, with no stamps left over. What is the
greatest number of groups Lily can display them in ?

Solution :

To make all the groups identical and ﬁnd the greatest number of groups, we have to ﬁnd the
greatest number which can divide 8 and 12 exactly.

H.C.F ofFull
(8,Site

## And 12 international stamps can be displayed in 4 groups at 3 stamps/group.

In this way, each of the 4 groups would have 2 U.S stamps and 3 international stamps. And all the
4 groups would be identical.

## Hence, the greatest number of groups can be made is 4

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 13 :

Abraham has two pieces of wire, one 6 feet long and the other 12 feet long. If he wants to
cut them up to produce many pieces of wire that are all of the same length, with no wire
left over, what is the greatest length, in feet, that he can make them ?

Solution :

When the two wires are cut in to small pieces, each piece must of same length and also it has to
be the possible greatest length.

## The length of each small piece must be of possible greatest length.

To ﬁnd the possible greatest length, we have to ﬁnd the greatest number which can divide both 6
and 12. That is H.C.F of (6, 12).

## H.C.F of (6, 12) = 6.

Hence, the greatest length of each
Full Site small piece will be 6 ft.

(That is, 6 feet wire is not cut in to small pieces and it is kept as it is. Only the 12 feet wire is cut
in to 2 pieces at the length of 6 feet/piece)

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have
understood "HCF and LCM word problems".

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