Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 29

Cookies Full

helpSite
us deliver our services. By Navigation
using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. Learn more. Agree and Continue

HCF AND LCM WORD PROBLEMS


About "HCF and LCM word problems"
HCF and LCM word problems :

Word problems on HCF and LCM play a major role in  quantitative aptitude test. There is no
competitive exam without questions from this topic. 

In this section, we are going to see, how word problems on HCF and LCM can be solved. 

HCF and LCM word problems


Problem 1 :

Six bells commence tolling together and toll at intervals of 2, 4, 6, 8 10 and 12 seconds
respectively. In 30 minutes, how many times do they toll together?(excluding the one at start) 

Solution : 

For example, let the two bells toll after every 3 secs and 4 secs respectively. 
Then theFullfirst
Site bell tolls after every 3, 6, 9, 12 seconds... 
Navigation

Like this, the second bell tolls after every 4, 8, 12 seconds... 

So, if the two bell toll together now, again they will toll together after 12 seconds. This 12
seconds is nothing but the L.C.M of 3 seconds and 4 seconds 

The same thing happened in our problem. To find the time, when they will all toll together, we
have to find the L.C.M of (2,4,8,6,10,12). 

L.C.M of (2,4,8,6,10,12) is 120 seconds = 2 minutes. 

So, after every two minutes, all the bell will toll together. 

For example, in 10 minutes, they toll together 10/2 = 5 times 

That is, after 2,4,6,8,10 minutes. It does not include the one at the start 

Similarly, in 30 minutes, they toll together 30/2 = 15 times.(excluding one at the start)

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 2 :

The traffic lights at three different road crossings change after every 48 sec, 72 sec and 108
sec respectively. If they all change simultaneously at 8:20:00 hrs, when will they again change
simultaneously ?

Solution : 

For example, let the two signals change after every 3 secs and 4 secs respectively. 

Then the first signal changes after 3, 6, 9, 12 seconds... 


Full Site Navigation

Like this, the second signal changes after 4, 8, 12 seconds... 

So, if the two signals change simultaneously now, again they will change simultaneously after 12
seconds. This 12 seconds is nothing but the L.C.M of 3 seconds and 4 seconds 

The same thing happened in our problem. To find the time, when they will all change
simultaneously, we have to find the L.C.M of (48,72,108). 

L.C.M of (48,72,108) is 432 seconds  =  7 min 12 sec 

So, after every 7 min 12 sec, all the signals will change simultaneously. 

At 8:20:00 hrs, if all the three signals change simultaneously, again they will change
simultaneously after 7 min 12 sec. That is at 8:27:12 hrs. 

Hence, three signals will change simultaneously at 8:27:12 seconds.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 3 :

A merchant has 120 ltrs of and 180 ltrs of two kinds of oil. He wants the sell oil by filling the
two kinds of oil in tins of equal volumes. What is the greatest of such a tin.

Solution : 

The given two quantities 120 and 180 can be divided by 10, 20,... exactly. That is, both the kinds
of oils can be sold in tins of equal volume of 10, 20,... ltrs. 

But, the target of the question is, the volume of oil filled in tins must be greatest. 
So, we have to find the largest Navigation
Full Site number which exactly divides 120 and 180.That is nothing but the
H.C.F of (120, 180) 

H.C.F of (120, 180)  =  60 

The 1st kind 120 ltrs is sold in 2 tins of of volume 60 ltrs in each tin. 

The 2nd kind 180 ltrs is sold in 3 tins of volume 60 ltrs in each tin. 

Hence, the greatest volume of each tin is 60 ltrs.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 4 : 

Find the least number of soldiers in a regiment such that they stand in rows of 15, 20, 25 and
form a perfect square.

Solution :

To answer this question, we have to find the least number which is exactly divisible by the given
numbers 15,20 and 25.That is nothing but the L.C.M of (15,20,25) 

L.C.M of (15,20,25) = 300 

So, we need 300 soldiers such that they stand in rows of 15, 20 , 25. 

But, it has to form a perfect square (as per the question) 

To form a perfect square, we have to multiply 300 by some number such that it has to be a
perfect square. 
To makeFull
300Siteas perfect square, we have to multiply 300 by 3. 
Navigation

Then, it is 900 which is a perfect square. 

Hence, the least number of soldiers required is 900.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 5 :

Find the least number of square tiles by which the floor of a room of dimensions 16.58 m and
8.32 m can be covered completely.

Solution :

We require the least number of square tiles. So, each tile must be of maximum dimension. 

To get the maximum dimension of the tile, we have to find the largest number which exactly
divides 16.58 and 8.32.That is nothing but the H.C.F of (16.58, 8.32) 
16.58X100 = 1658 cm and 8.32X100 = 832 cm 

H.C.F of (1658, 832) = 2 

Hence the side of the square tile is 2 cm 

Required no. of tiles = (Area of the floor) / (Area of a square tile) 

=  (1658x832)/2x2 

=  344864 

Hence, the least number of square tiles required = 344864

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 6 :
A wine Full
seller
Site had three typesNavigation
of wine. 403 liters of 1st kind, 434 liters of 2nd kind and 465
liters of 3rd kind. Find the least possible number of casks of equal size in which different
types of wine can be filled without mixing. 

Solution :

For the least possible number of casks of equal size, the size of each cask must be of the
greatest volume. 

To get the greatest volume of each cask, we have to find the largest number which exactly
divides 403, 434 and 465.That is nothing but the H.C.F of (403,434,465) 

The H.C.F of (403,434,465) = 31 liters 

Each cask must be of the volume 31 liters. 

Req. No. of casks is

=  (403/31) + (434/31) + (465/31)

=  13+14+15

=  42 

Hence, the least possible number of casks of equal size required is 42

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 7 :

The sum of two numbers is 588 and their HCF is 49. How many such pairs of numbers can be
formed ?

Solution :
Since the
FullH.C.F
Site is 49, the two numbers
Navigation could be 49x and 49y 

Their sum is 588. So, 49x+49y = 588 ===> x+y  =  12 

We have to find the values of "x" and "y" such that their sum is 12.

The possibles values of (x,y)

=  (1,11),(2,10),(3,9),(4,8)(5,7)(6,6). 

Here, we have to check an important thing. That is, in the above pairs of values of (x,y), which are
all co-primes? 

[Co-primes = Two integers are said to be co-primes or relatively prime if they have no common
positive factor other than 1 or, equivalently, if their greatest common divisor is 1] 

Therefore in the above pairs, (1,11) and (5,7) are the co-primes. 

Hence, the number of pairs is 2

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 8 :

The product of two numbers is 2028 and their H.C.F. is 13. Find the number of such pairs

Solution : 

Since the H.C.F is 13, the two numbers could be 13x and 13y 

Their product is 2028.

So, (13x) X (13y) = 2028 ===> xy  =  12 


We haveFull
toSite
find the values of "x" and "y" such that their product is 12. 
Navigation

The possibles values of (x,y)  =  (1,12),(2,6),(3,4). 

Here, we have to check an important thing. That is, in the above pairs of values of (x,y), which are
all co-primes? 

[Co-primes = Two integers are said to be co-primes or relatively prime if they have no common
positive factor other than 1 or, equivalently, if their greatest common divisor is 1] 

Therefore in the above pairs, (1,12) and (3,4) are the co-primes. 

Hence, the number of pairs is 2

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 9 :

Lenin is preparing dinner plates. He has 12 pieces of chicken and 16 rolls. If he wants to
make all the plates identical without any food left over, what is the greatest number of
plates Lenin can prepare ?

Solution : 

To make all the plates identical and find the greatest number of plates, we have to find the
greatest number which can divide 12 and 16 exactly. 

That is nothing but H.C.F of 12 and 16. 

H.C.F of (12, 16)  =  4 

That is, 12 pieces of chicken would be served in 4 plates at the rate of 3 pieces per plate. 

And 16 rolls would be served in 4 plates at the rate of 4 rolls per plate. 
Full Site Navigation

In this way, each of the 4 plates would have 3 pieces of chicken and 4 rolls. And all the 4 plates
would be identical. 

Hence, the greatest number of plates Lenin can prepare is 4

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 10 :

The drama club meets in the school auditorium every 2 days, and the choir meets there every
5 days. If the groups are both meeting in the auditorium today, then how many days from now
will they next have to share the auditorium ?

Solution : 

If the drama club meets today, again they will meet after 2, 4, 6, 8, 10, 12.... days. 

Like this, if the choir meets today, again they will meet after 5, 10, 15, 20 .... days. 

From the explanation above, If both drama club and choir meet in the auditorium today, again,
they will meet after 10 days. 

And also, 10 is the L.C.M of (2,5). 

Hence, both the groups will share the auditorium after ten days.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 11 :

John is printing orange and green forms. He notices that 3 orange forms fit on a page, and 5
green forms fit on a page. If John wants to print the exact same number of orange and green
forms, what is the minimum number of each form that he could print ?

Solution :
The condition
Full Site of the question is, the number of orange forms taken must be equal to the number
Navigation

of green forms taken. 

Let us assume that he takes 10 orange and 10 green forms. 

10 green forms can be fit exactly on 2 pages at 5 forms/page. But,10 orange forms can't be fit
exactly on any number of pages. 

Because, 3 orange forms can be fit exactly on a page. In 10 orange forms, 9 forms can be fit
exactly on 3 pages and 1 form will be remaining. 

To get the number of forms in orange and green which can be fit exactly on some number of
pages, we have to find L.C.M of (3,5). That is 15. 

15 orange forms can be fit exactly on 5 pages at 3 forms/page. 

15 green forms can be fit exactly on 3 pages at 5 forms/page. 

Hence,the smallest number of each form could be printed is 15.

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 12 :

Lily has collected 8 U.S. stamps and 12 international stamps. She wants to display them in
identical groups of U.S. and international stamps, with no stamps left over. What is the
greatest number of groups Lily can display them in ?

Solution : 

To make all the groups identical and find the greatest number of groups, we have to find the
greatest number which can divide 8 and 12 exactly. 

That is nothing but H.C.F of 8 and 12. 


H.C.F ofFull
(8,Site
12) = 4  Navigation

That is, 8 U.S stamps can be displayed in 4 groups at 2 stamps/group. 

And 12 international stamps can be displayed in 4 groups at 3 stamps/group. 

In this way, each of the 4 groups would have 2 U.S stamps and 3 international stamps. And all the
4 groups would be identical. 

Hence, the greatest number of groups can be made is 4

Let us look at the next problem on "HCF and LCM word problems".

Problem 13 :

Abraham has two pieces of wire, one 6 feet long and the other 12 feet long. If he wants to
cut them up to produce many pieces of wire that are all of the same length, with no wire
left over, what is the greatest length, in feet, that he can make them ?

Solution : 

When the two wires are cut in to small pieces, each piece must of same length and also it has to
be the possible greatest length. 

6 feet wire can be cut in to pieces of (2, 2, 2) or (3, 3) 

12 feet wire can be cut in to pieces of (2, 2, 2, 2, 2, 2 ) or (3, 3, 3, 3) 

The length of each small piece must be of possible greatest length. 

To find the possible greatest length, we have to find the greatest number which can divide both 6
and 12. That is H.C.F of (6, 12). 

H.C.F of (6, 12) = 6. 


Hence, the greatest length of each
Full Site small piece will be 6 ft. 
Navigation

(That is, 6 feet wire is not cut in to small pieces and it is kept as it is. Only the 12 feet wire is cut
in to 2 pieces at the length of 6 feet/piece)

After having gone through the stuff given above, we hope that the students would have
understood "HCF and LCM word problems". 

Apart from the stuff given above, if you want to know more about "HCF and LCM word
problems", please click here

Apart from the stuff given on "HCF and LCM word problems", if you need any other stuff in math, please
use our google custom search here.

Click here to know more about H.C.F and L.C.M

H.C.F and L.C.M Worksheets

Quantitative Aptitude Tricks

Aptitude Test Online

HCF and LCM Calculator

Online Math Calculator


Full Site Navigation Matrix Calculator

Statistics Calculators

Analytical Geometry Calculators

Comments
Name

Enter your comment here

Comment   Add Image  Not using Html Comment Box  yet?

(Jan 13, 2019) Lachu said: 2

Marvellous

flag like reply


(Jan 13, 2019) Vijaya baskar said: 1

Superb, I like this website.

flag like reply


(Jan 12, 2019) Anonymous said:

😇😇😇😇😇😇😀😀😀
Very useful and an unique way of solving these questions I really like this website THANKS TO THIS
WEBSITE

flag like reply


(Dec 31, 2018) Megha Balot said:

It's very helpful for me thanks

flag like reply


(Oct 21,Full
2018)
Site Anonymous said:
Navigation

1) Ali advises a patient to have a scale every 4 months and a polish today how long will they wait
before they can have both during the same appointment?

flag like reply


(Oct 1, 2018) touka said:

@kaneki,looks like we ended up visiting the same site sweetheart<3


>

flag like reply


(Oct 1, 2018) kaneki said: 2

thank you very much for the word problem..It saved a lot in my exam

flag like reply


(Sept 29, 2018) V.nithin said: 1

It is a very excellent website

flag like reply


(Aug 27, 2018) Anonymous said: 1

Nyc ouestions, really good website

flag like reply


(July 16, 2018) Anonymous said: 1

I love this website 😍😍😗😗 it clearly explain every question 😇😇 Thanks ✌✌✌
flag like reply

(Showing 1 to 10)
Full Site Navigation

ALGEBRA TRIGONOMETRY

Variables and constants SOHCAHTOA

Writing and evaluating expressions Trigonometric ratio table

Solving linear equations using elimination Problems on trigonometric ratios


method
Trigonometric ratios of some specific angles
Solving linear equations using substitution
method ASTC formula

Solving linear equations using cross All silver tea cups


multiplication method
All students take calculus 
Solving one step equations
All sin tan cos rule
Solving quadratic equations by factoring
Trigonometric ratios of some negative angles
Solving quadratic equations by quadratic
formula Trigonometric ratios of 90 degree minus theta

Solving quadratic equations by completing Trigonometric ratios of 90 degree plus theta


square
Trigonometric ratios of 180 degree plus theta
Nature of
Fullthe
Site roots of a quadratic equations
Navigation Trigonometric ratios of 180 degree minus
theta
Sum and product of the roots of a quadratic
equations  Trigonometric ratios of 180 degree plus theta

Algebraic identities Trigonometric ratios of 270 degree minus


theta
Solving absolute value equations 
Trigonometric ratios of 270 degree plus theta
Solving Absolute value inequalities
Trigonometric ratios of angles greater than or
Graphing absolute value equations   equal to 360 degree

Combining like terms Trigonometric ratios of complementary


angles
Square root of polynomials 
Trigonometric ratios of supplementary angles 
HCF and LCM 
Trigonometric identities 
Remainder theorem
Problems on trigonometric identities 
Synthetic division
Trigonometry heights and distances
Logarithmic problems
Domain and range of trigonometric functions 
Simplifying radical expression
Domain and range of inverse  trigonometric
Comparing surds functions

Simplifying logarithmic expressions Solving word problems in trigonometry

Negative exponents rules Pythagorean theorem

Scientific notations MENSURATION

Exponents and power Mensuration formulas

COMPETITIVE EXAMS Area and perimeter


Quantitative
Full Siteaptitude Navigation Volume

Multiplication tricks GEOMETRY

APTITUDE TESTS ONLINE Types of angles 

Aptitude test online Types of triangles

ACT MATH ONLINE TEST Properties of triangle

Test - I Sum of the angle in a triangle is 180 degree

Test - II Properties of parallelogram

TRANSFORMATIONS OF FUNCTIONS Construction of triangles - I 

Horizontal translation Construction of triangles - II

Vertical translation Construction of triangles - III

Reflection through x -axis Construction of angles - I 

Reflection through y -axis Construction of angles - II

Horizontal expansion and compression Construction angle bisector

Vertical  expansion and compression Construction of perpendicular

Rotation transformation Construction of perpendicular bisector

Geometry transformation Geometry dictionary

Translation transformation Geometry questions 

Dilation transformation matrix Angle bisector theorem

Transformations using matrices Basic proportionality theorem

ORDER OF OPERATIONS ANALYTICAL GEOMETRY


BODMAS
FullRule
Site Navigation Analytical geometry formulas

PEMDAS Rule Distance between two points

WORKSHEETS Different forms equations of straight lines

Converting customary units worksheet Point of intersection

Converting metric units worksheet Slope of the line 

Decimal representation worksheets Perpendicular distance

Double facts worksheets Midpoint

Missing addend worksheets Area of triangle

Mensuration worksheets Area of quadrilateral

Geometry worksheets Parabola

Comparing  rates worksheet CALCULATORS

Customary units worksheet Matrix Calculators

Metric units worksheet Analytical geometry calculators

Complementary and supplementary Statistics calculators


worksheet
Mensuration calculators
Complementary and supplementary word
problems worksheet Algebra calculators

Area and perimeter worksheets Chemistry periodic calculator

Sum of the angles in a triangle is 180 degree MATH FOR KIDS


worksheet
Missing addend 
Types of angles worksheet
Double facts 
Properties of parallelogram worksheet
Full Site Navigation Doubles word problems

Proving triangle congruence worksheet LIFE MATHEMATICS

Special line segments in triangles worksheet Direct proportion and inverse proportion

Proving trigonometric identities worksheet Constant of proportionality 

Properties of triangle worksheet Unitary method direct variation

Estimating percent worksheets Unitary method inverse variation

Quadratic equations word problems Unitary method time and work


worksheet
SYMMETRY
Integers and absolute value worksheets
Order of rotational symmetry
Decimal place value worksheets
Order of rotational symmetry of a circle
Distributive property of multiplication
worksheet - I Order of rotational symmetry of a square

Distributive property of multiplication Lines of symmetry


worksheet - II
CONVERSIONS
Writing and evaluating expressions worksheet
Converting metric units
Nature of the roots of a quadratic equation
worksheets Converting customary units

Determine if the relationship is proportional


worksheet

WORD PROBLEMS

HCF and LCM  word problems

Word problems on simple equations 


Word problems
Full Site on linear equations 
Navigation

Word problems on quadratic equations

Algebra word problems

Word problems on trains

Area and perimeter word problems

Word problems on direct variation and inverse variation 

Word problems on unit price

Word problems on unit rate 

Word problems on comparing rates

Converting customary units word problems 

Converting metric units word problems

Word problems on simple interest

Word problems on compound interest

Word problems on types of angles 

Complementary and supplementary angles word problems

Double facts word problems

Trigonometry word problems

Percentage word problems 

Profit and loss word problems 

Markup and markdown word problems 


DecimalFull
wordSite problems Navigation

Word problems on fractions

Word problems on mixed fractrions

One step equation word problems

Linear inequalities word problems

Ratio and proportion word problems

Time and work word problems

Word problems on sets and venn diagrams

Word problems on ages

Pythagorean theorem word problems

Percent of a number word problems

Word problems on constant speed

Word problems on average speed 

Word problems on sum of the angles of a triangle is 180 degree

OTHER TOPICS 

Profit and loss shortcuts

Percentage shortcuts

Times table shortcuts

Time, speed and distance shortcuts

Ratio and proportion shortcuts


DomainFull
and Siterange of rational Navigation
functions

Domain and range of rational functions with holes

Graphing rational functions

Graphing rational functions with holes

Converting repeating decimals in to fractions

Decimal representation of rational numbers

Finding square root using long division

L.C.M method to solve time and work problems

Translating the word problems in to algebraic expressions

Remainder when 2 power 256 is divided by 17

Remainder when 17 power 23 is divided by 16

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 6

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 7

Sum of all three digit numbers divisible by 8

Sum of all three digit numbers formed using 1, 3, 4

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed with non zero digits

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed using 0, 1, 2, 3

Sum of all three four digit numbers formed using 1, 2, 5, 6

Share this page: 


What’s this?
 Facebook  Twitter

 Pinterest  Tumblr
Full Site

Navigation Reddit

Enjoy this page? Please pay it forward.


Here's how...

copyright onlinemath4all.com

SBI!

Home page
7th grade math
8th grade math
9th grade math
BODMAS rule
Math Calculators
Transformations of
functions
Order of rotational
symmetry
Full Site Navigation
Lines of symmetry
Geometry Calculators
Matrix Calculators
Mensuration
Math Videos
Set Theory
Algebra
Compound angles
Decimal place value
Quantitative Aptitude
Tricks
Aptitude Test Online
Printable Worksheets
Math Dictionary
Differentitation
Integration
Trigonometry
sohcahtoa
Trigonometric ratio table
Analytical Geometry
Operations
Formulas
Math Symbols
Math Terms
Word Problems
Fast Math
Math Formulas
Assessment Test
Calculator
Statistics Calculators
Matrix
Multiplication tricks
Full Site Times Table Shortcuts
Navigation

Site Map
Privacy Policy
Contact us
Mensuration
10th CBSE solution
Formulas for shapes
SAT Exams
11th state board math
solution
Free homework help
PSAT Math reparation
SHSAT Math Preparation
Full Site Navigation
Full Site Navigation
Full Site Navigation
Full Site Navigation

Оценить