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Assignment 1

1. Photons have a wavelength of 500nm. (The symbol nm is defined as a nanometer =


1010m). What is the energy of this photon, and what is the type of the electromagnetic
wave in this case?
2. A positron collides head on with an electron and both are annihilated. Each particle has a
kinetic energy of 1.00 MeV. Find the wavelength of the resulting photons.
3. Express the Planck radiation formula in terms of wavelength.
4. Find the energy of a 700 nm photon.
5. Find the wavelength and frequency of a 100 MeV photon.
6. Under favorable circumstances the human eye can detect 1X10-18 J of electromagnetic
energy. How many 600 nm photons does it represent?
7. What is the maximum wavelength of light that will cause photoelectrons to be emitted
from sodium. What will be maximum kinetic energy of the photoelectrons be if 200nm
light falls on a sodium surface. (work function of sodium is 2.3 eV).
8. The work function of a tungsten surface is 5.4 eV. When the surface is illuminated by light
of wavelength 175 nm, the maximum photoelectron energy is 1.7 eV. Find Planck’s
constant from these data.
9. A beam of X rays is scattered by a target at 45 ֩ from the beam direction the scattered X-
rays have a wavelength of 2.2 pm. What is the wavelength of the X-rays in the direct beam.
10. Consider the emission of electrons due to photoelectric effect from a zinc plate. The work
function of zinc is known to be 3.6 eV. What is the maximum energy of electrons
ejected when ultra-violet light of wavelength 3000 ˚A is incident on the zinc plate?
11. In an photoelectric effect experiment, ultraviolet light of wavelength 320 nm falls on the
photocathode with work function of 2.1 eV. Find the kinetic energy of photo electron and
stopping potential.
12. Write the energy range where (a) photoelectric effect (b) Compton effect
(c) Pair production will dominate.
13. What are the three processes of interaction of radiation with matter. Explain each process
and also indicate the relative energy of the incident photon in the above processes.
14. Draw the plot between energy density and wavelength at three different temperature (a)
1000K (b) 1500K and © 2000K
15. When two ultraviolet beams of wavelength 280 nm and 490 nm fall on a lead surface, they
produce photoelectrons with maximum energies 8.57 eV and 6.67 eV, respectively. (a)
Estimate the numerical value of the planck's constant, (b) Calculate the work function and
the cutoff frequency of lead.
16. Calculate the minimum energy of a photon so that it converts into an electron-positron pair.
Find the photon's frequnecy and wavelength.
17. Write the formula of energy density derived by (a) Wein's and (b) Rayleigh- Jeans in terms
of wavelength and explain how they are not able to explain the phenomena of black body
radiation.
18. Write short note on (a) Pair Production and (b) Pai Annihilation
19. What is Compton Effect and derive an expression of Compton shift.
20. Explain the observations of Photo electric effect and how it could be explained by
Einstein’s particle nature of radiation.