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Brine density is a function of the type of salt and the quantity of salt. As with all brine, increases in temperature will decrease the density of brine. Following are equations and steps to determine the brine density: 1. Temperature effects Equivalent SG required SG eq = Formation pressure psi + safety margin (100 or 200) psi Depth x .433 Average brine temperature in the well av °F = __ surface (°F) + BHST (°F) 2 Brine SG required @ surface SG 60°F = SG eq. + K ( av-60) Nacl or (Nacl and Cacl) brines 10 1074 Caclg or (Caclg and CaBr2) brines 107 (Nacl and Naz C03) brines 3.0 2:5 3.2 x mw 2. Changing brine weight in single salt brine Initial Final vi = Brine volume bbls vf = Brine volume Wi = Water fraction bbl/pbl WE = Water fraction Si = Salt content lbs/pbl S£ = Salt content 2.1 Diluting with fresh water : - Brine final volume VE = Vi x_Si SE - Water required We = (VE x WE) - (Vi x Wi) 2.2 Increasing brine weight with salt - Brine final volume Ve = Vi x_Wi WE - Salt required Sc = (VE x Sf) - (Vi x Si) HM/3961D/m1-1 Changing Brine weight in mixing two different brines Brine 1 Brine 2 Final v1 = Volume bbls V2 = Volume bbls —-VF_ = Brine vol. bbl SGl= Brine weight SG2= Brine Weight SGf= Brine weight SG - Final specific gravity. (Vl, V2, SG & SG2 are known) SGg= (V1 _x SG1) + (V2 x SG2) VIF V2 Increase Nacl or (Nacl and Cacl2) brine with Caclo Initial Final Vj = Brine volume bbls Vg=Brine volume Wj = Water fraction bb1/bbl Wp= Water fraction Nj = NaCl content 1bs/bb1 Ng= NaCl content Cj = CaCl2 content Lbs/bb1 C= CaClz content Important Fresh water should be added first to reduce the initial NaCl content to the final one, then mix the required amount of CaCl. - Final volume of brine x_Ni We Re - Fresh water required Wp = (Ve x We) = (Vy x Wy) - CaCl required Ce = (Ve x Ce) - (Vy x Cy) Note: To raise the SG of (CaClz - CaBrz) brine with dry CaBrj, follow the above steps and use CaCl instead of NaCl and CaBry ‘instead of CaCl.