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Solutions
1. Ans. E. 3. Ans. E.

Clearly, no one lives on the second floor of Clearly, none of the statements given are
building A. correct as per the final arrangement.

2. Ans. B. 4. Ans. B.

Clearly, there are 2 people who live in Clearly, there are 2 persons live between the
building C. floor on which Z and P live.

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5. Ans. D. question we are focused on the reason for the


shortage of bank branches and services, it
states that the accounts are inactive and
many of the branches have not been used
since a long time. Thus, diverting the question
asked, it can also be rejected as an answer
choice.
Thus, the correct answer is option 1.
7. Ans. D.
The correct answer is option 4, i.e. All
except III and II are strong, i.e. only I is
strong.
We first make sure to read the statement
carefully and then see what immediate
inferences can be drawn based on our first
reading. The next step is to look at the
arguments given in the options, analyze them
and see if they seem relevant with respect to
the information/data provided to us. Finally, it
Clearly, there are 12, 7 and 9 floors exist in is very important to study the question
building A, B and C respectively. closely.
6. Ans. A. The above statement deals with the fact that
The correct answer is option 1, i.e. None is world’s largest beer maker Heineken NV is
strong. looking for a new Chairman.
We first make sure to read the statement Argument (II) can be rejected as it explicitly
carefully and then see what immediate states the fact that India barred willful
inferences can be drawn based on our first defaulters from holding key positions last
reading. The next step is to look at the year, then why such a step is being taken at
arguments given in the options, analyze them this point of time. It is thus, not relevant and
and see if they seem relevant with respect to can be rejected.
the information/data provided to us. Finally, it Argument (III) can be eliminated as answer
is very important to study the question choice as it states the fact that the company
closely. is functioning well and is in good shape. It is
Following the aforementioned steps we must somewhat vague and moreover, not directed
analyze the given statement and the in the same sense as the given statement.
corresponding question closely. The issue is with the new Chairman.
Argument (I) captures the essence of the Argument (I) is the most appropriate
failure of the policies but does not provide assumption based on the facts stated. It
answer to the question stated. It states people sheds light on to the fact that since,
stood in queues outside the banks, whereas in Heineken is looking for a new Chairman and
the question we are asking the reason for the is breaking all links with Vijay Mallya, and as
lack of bank branches’. As, it is not relevant a result has stopped sharing confidential
with the question asked, it can be rejected. information, a move indicating the action of
Argument (II) states the fact about ‘key slice searching or looking for a new Chairman.
of India’s electorate’ which is nowhere Thus, option 4 captures the correct
mentioned or can be derived from the given arguments that support the statement in the
statement. Thus, it can be rejected. best possible manner and is our answer
Argument (III) is also inappropriate as it is choice. Hence, rest of the options can be
opposite of the question asked. In the rejected.

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8. Ans. E. Step 1: $ F 3 6 N @ K T Q 5 C % B # D S *
The correct answer is option 5, i.e. None H4WL789
can be deduced. Step 2: $ 3 F 6 N @ K T 5 Q C % B # D S *
From the question, we must understand the H4W7L98
meaning of the word, ‘corollary’. A ‘corollary’ Step 3: $ 3 F 6 @ K T 5 Q % # D * H B C N
is a proposition that follows from (and is often S4W7L98
appended to) one already proved. Thus, we 12. Ans. E.
must look for the option choice that logically
follows the information given.
Following the steps we must analyse all the
option choices carefully. (1) can be rejected
on first reading as no information as such
regarding the fact that appeals have been
made to overseas Pakistanis to donate money
for the dam. (2) can also be rejected as 13. Ans. C.
although it can be inferred that Islamabad was
desperately wanting for an international
funding for years but the fact that Pakistan is
a disputed territory by the World and Asian
Development Bank is not based on any strong
evidence. Both (3) and (4) can also be
rejected as nothing about the CPEC and the
fact that officers have been told to donate 14. Ans. D.
money from their salaries, respectively is not In each step the numbers are arranged:
evident from the facts stated. In Step 1: all the even numbers are
As none of the option choices stated capture multiplied with 2 and all the odd numbers are
the essence of the statement thus, the most multiplied with 3
appropriate answer choice is option 5. Step 2: Is given in the pattern as firstly the
9. Ans. C. numbers are added and then subtracted
Given Series: $ F 3 6 N @ 9 K T Q 5 C % 8 B respectively.
#7DS*H4WL Step 3: Digits of each number is multiplied
Step 1: $ F 3 6 N @ K T Q 5 C % B # D S * by itself.
H4WL789 Step 4: Each number is divided by 2.
Step 2: $ 3 F 6 N @ K T 5 Q C % B # D S * Input: 44 37 61 56 32 83 12 75
H4W7L98 Step 1: 88 111 183 112 64 249 24 225
Step 3: $ 3 F 6 @ K T 5 Q % # D * H B C N Step 2: 199 72 295 48 313 225 249
S4W7L98 Step 3: 81 14 90 32 9 20 72
10. Ans. B. Step 4: 40.5 7 45 16 4.5 10 36
Given Series: $ F 3 6 N @ 9 K T Q 5 C % 8 B 15. Ans. D.
#7DS*H4WL In each step the numbers are arranged:
Step 1: $ F 3 6 N @ K T Q 5 C % B # D S * In step 1: all the even numbers are
H4WL789 multiplied with 2 and all the odd numbers are
Step 2: $ 3 F 6 N @ K T 5 Q C % B # D S * multiplied with 3
H4W7L98 Step 2: Is given in the pattern as firstly the
Step 3: $ 3 F 6 @ K T 5 Q % # D * H B C N numbers are added and then subtracted
S4W7L98 respectively.
11. Ans. C. Step 3: Digits of each number is multiplied
Given Series: $ F 3 6 N @ 9 K T Q 5 C % 8 B by itself.
#7DS*H4WL Step4: Each number is divided by 2

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Input: 44 37 61 56 32 83 12 75 20. Ans. D.


Step 1: 88 111 183 112 64 249 24 225
Step 2: 199 72 295 48 313 225 249
Step 3: 81 14 90 32 9 20 72
Step 4: 40.5 7 45 16 4.5 10 36
16. Ans. B.
In each step the numbers are arranged:
In step 1: all the even numbers are
multiplied with 2 and all the odd numbers are
multiplied with 3 21. Ans. B.
Step 2: Is given in the pattern as firstly the
numbers are added and then subtracted
respectively.
Step 3: Digits of each number is multiplied
by itself.
Step4: Each number is divided by 2.
Input: 44 37 61 56 32 83 12 75
Step 1: 88 111 183 112 64 249 24 225
Step 2: 199 72 295 48 313 225 249 22. Ans. C.
Step 3: 81 14 90 32 9 20 72 The correct answer is option 3, i.e. For
Step 4: 40.5 7 45 16 4.5 10 36 instance, a tub of popcorn in most
17. Ans. E. multiplexes costs nearly two times the
price of a movie ticket. This fact also
reflects in the financial numbers of
many multiplex companies.
The focus in the above statement is on the
multiplex industry generating income from
popcorns. No matter the show goes flop or
hit, popcorn satisfies a suitable income for
the multiplexes. Based on the information
18. Ans. E. stated, we must analyse all the option
choices carefully.
(1) can be rejected as we are not concerned
with the ‘news sources of income’ our
primary focus is the association of popcorn
sale with the multiplexes. Based on the
similar grounds we can reject (2) and (4).
Option (3) states a link between the popcorn
sale and the income generated from that and
19. Ans. A. is thus, a suitable deduction that can be
made based on the information provided.
Thus, the most appropriate answer is option
3.
23. Ans. A.
The correct answer is option 1, i.e. Only
conclusion 3 follows.
In this type of question, conclusion is not
specifically mentioned. It needs to be
deduced from the given statements.

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From both the statements, we infer that 28. Ans. D.


Maharashtra has been badly affected Option D. is the correct answer as Shreya
because of the protest by farmers and as a celebrates in February.
result the agriculture ministry is planning to a) Rajat celebrates in the month of March.
establish milk booths at railway stations.
On the basis of the conclusions mentioned,
we can reject both first and second
conclusion as they are vague. On the basis of
the two statements, we cannot conclude any
information regarding the FSSAI and the fact
that farmers are demanding a GST waiver.
We know that they are protesting but the
b) Only 1 person celebrates between Rajat
reason is not explicitly mentioned. As we
and Suresh.
cannot conclude anything which is not
We get 2 possible cases here:
mentioned thus, both first and second
conclusions can be rejected.
Conclusion 3 is a very general conclusion
that can be made on the basis of the
information provided in the two statements,
thus, we can mark it as a suitable
conclusion.
Thus, the most correct answer choice is
option 1 and rest of the options can be
rejected.
24. Ans. A.

25. Ans. C.

26. Ans. B.

c) Rajesh celebrates immediately before


Rekha. And it is also given that, Suresh does
not celebrate immediately before or
immediate after Suresh.
Case 1(a):

27. Ans. D.

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29. Ans. B.

30. Ans. E.
Five trains: Rajdhani express, Duranto
express, Shatabdi express, Tejas express
and Gareebrath.
Running between Delhi to Dehradoon.
Five day: Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday,
D. Saroj celebrates neither in June nor Thursday, Friday.
immediately after Suresh. 1) Two trains are running between Shatabdi
(so, case 1(a) gets eliminated here). and Duranto.
Case 1(b): 2) Shatabdi is going to Dehradoon before
Wednesday.

3) Tejas express is going to Dehraddon


immediate after Gareebrath.
4) Rajdhani is not running on Friday.
(Hence, case - 2 will be eliminating)

E. Shreya celebrate before Saroj.


(so, case 2 gets eliminated here as it does
not satisfy the condition).

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Hence, Gareebrath is going to Dehradoon on and see if they seem relevant with respect to
Wednesday. the information/data provided to us.
31. Ans. B. From the statement, we can infer that Amazon
The correct answer is option 2, i.e. The is offering exclusive deals to its members in
court was hearing a habeas corpus its 36-hour blockbuster sales event. From the
petition filed by the corporal's father, option choices mentioned, we can infer that all
claiming his son was being illegally except option 3 are vague and can be
confined at the Army Base Hospital. rejected.
Both options 3 and 4 can be rejected on first Option 1 is about exact deal of ‘BPL's side by
reading as they introduce an independent idea side refrigerator’ which is not backed up by
and we cannot deduce anything that is not any evidence from the given statement.
mentioned thus, options 3 and 4 can be Option (2) only talks about ‘refrigerators’ and
rejected. Option 1 can also be eliminated as as a result is very specific to just one product.
we cannot predict the motive of the court with Option (4) can also be rejected as no
surety (mentioned as ‘Court wants to make information regarding the delivery on 19 June
sure’). Since, no such information is evident is evident from the information provided.
from the statement, we can reject it. The option closest in meaning to this is option
Option 2 makes a generalization that the court 3. All the other options seem irrelevant with
was hearing a petition filed by the corporal's respect to the data provided in the
family (hint: last sentence of the given statement.
statement). It is a perfect deduction that can Hence, the correct answer is option 3.
be made based on the given information as it 33. Ans. B.
does not introduces any new idea nor violates The correct answer is option 2, i.e.Neither
any piece of information stated. I nor III follows, i.e. only II follows.
Based on the above conclusions we can reject A course of action is something that needs to
options 1, 3, 4 and 5 and thus, the most be done considering the present scenario in
appropriate answer is option 2. mind. From the statement, it is evident that
32. Ans. C. India’s secretive nuclear missile tracking
The correct answer is option 3, i.e. Amazon ship, will get ready by this December.
Prime Day is giving shoppers a very From the options it is very much evident that
unusual - and tempting - deal in majority even if one doesn’t understand the statement
of the categories. Prime members can get given we can still mark the answer choice.
their hands on a great deal of products The hint is evident in the beginning of the
that too at massive discounts. second course of action where the word
In the question it is stated that which of the ‘next step’ is mentioned. It clearly suggests
following is a perfect conjecture, for that this is the appropriate course of action
understanding the question, we must first and also suggests that this is the nest step
understand the meaning of the word which will include sea trials.
‘conjecture’. A ‘conjecture’ is an opinion or Both (I) and (III) can be rejected as (I)
conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete suggest what the vessel will do and does not
information or in simple words we must look suggest anything regarding the future course
for a suitable option that can be inferred from of action regarding the tracking ship. (III) is
the given information. a very generic statement regarding the ship
We first make sure to read the statement and in no way suggest a possible course of
carefully and then see what immediate action thus, it can also be rejected.
inferences can be drawn based on our first Thus, all the course of actions stated except
reading. The next step is to look at the (II) are irrelevant and can be rejected.
statements given in the options, analyze them

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34. Ans. A. the reasons that hindered people from


The correct answer is option 1, i.e. In migrating to other cities for work as language
India, Netflix competes with a host of plays a major role in deciding such things.
OTT players, including Amazon Prime The second option says that Tamil Nadu
Video and Star TV-run Hotstar that created more job opportunities and hence
charge lower subscription fees. the population did not find any reason to
We first make sure to read the statement migrate for livelihood opportunities. The third
carefully and then see what immediate option says that since the government of the
inferences can be drawn based on our first other cities started the policy of giving jobs
reading. The next step is to look at the only on the basis of the 'sons of the soil'
statements given in the options, analyze theory, people from Tamil Nadu were
them and see if they seem relevant with discouraged from going elsewhere.Option D
respect to the information/data provided to is bizarre and goes beyond logic and is
us. incorrect.
Option 1 is the most evident answer choice 36. Ans. B.
and is a perfect deduction that can be made Edwin is six years older than Chetan. The
from the given statement. From the possible ages are (45,39) and (54,48).
statement it is evident that Netflix is Gurdeep is three years younger than
competing with many players that offer Abhishek. The possible ages are (36,39),
subscription at low charges. The hint to this (45,48) and (54,57)
is evident from the statement which says Fawad is in his fifties and is younger than
‘may enter lower priced segments to attract Harsh. It means both of them are in fifties
new subscribers’, from this we can deduce and thus, Gurdeep and Abhishek cannot be
that earlier it was not charging as low as its aged (54,57).
competitors but now it may bring down its If Edwin and Chetan are (45,39), the pairs of
prices to compete with the other players. ages of Gurdeep and Abhishek is not
Option 2 and 3 can be rejected because we possible.
cannot deduce anything from our side and Hence, Edwin and Chetan are (54,48) and
the information provided in both the Gurdeep and Abhishek are (36,39). Also,
assumptions cannot be deduced from the Fawad must be 57 and Harsh 59. Bardhan is
given statement. in his thirties, so he must be 38.
Option 4 can also be rejected as it is also not
based on the information stated and states
an independent fact regarding the growth
patterns.
The option closest in meaning to this is
option 1. All the other options seem
irrelevant with respect to the data provided
in the statement.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.
35. Ans. D.
The most logical inference that can be drawn If one of Edwin and Chetan is in the cabinet,
from the question statement is the fact that the other must be in the cabinet.
the percentage of the workforce has been Case I: Both Edwin and Chetan are in the
declining since the 1980s. This means that cabinet.
people of Tamil Nadu are finding work in Since Edwin is in the cabinet, Harsh must be
Tamil Nadu itself. Option A states before the in the cabinet. This implies Abhishek is also
1980s people there knew Hindi too which in the cabinet.
was banned after 1980s. This could be one of Since Chetan is in the cabinet, Darshan

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cannot be in the cabinet. This implies Fawad If one of Edwin and Chetan is in the cabinet,
is also not in the cabinet. the other must he in the cabinet.
Since Harsh is in the cabinet, Bardhan cannot Case I: Both Edwin and Chetan are in the
be in the cabinet. cabinet.
So, the members of the cabinet Since Edwin is in the cabinet, Harsh must be
are: Abhishek, Chetan, Edwin, Gurdeep in the cabinet. This implies Abhishek is also
and Harsh. in the cabinet.
Case II: Neither Edwin nor Chetan is in the Since Chetan is in the cabinet, Darshan
cabinet. cannot be in the cabinet. This implies Fawad
Bardhan will be in the cabinet only if Harsh is is also not in the cabinet.
not in the cabinet. Suppose Bardhan is in the Since Harsh is in the cabinet, Bardhan cannot
cabinet, then Harsh cannot be in the cabinet be in the cabinet.
and vice versa. So, the members of the cabinet
But both Edwin and Harsh cannot be out of are: Abhishek, Chetan, Edwin, Gurdeep
the cabinet as the cabinet has at least two and Harsh.
ministers who are in their fifties. Case II: Neither Edwin nor Chetan is in the
So, the members of the cabinet cabinet.
are: Abhishek, Darshan, Fawad, Gurdeep Bardhan will be in the cabinet only if Harsh is
and Harsh. not in the cabinet. Suppose Bardhan is in the
The cabinet can be selected in 2 ways cabinet, then Harsh cannot be in the cabinet
37. Ans. A. and vice versa.
Edwin is six years older than Chetan. The But both Edwin and Harsh cannot be out of
possible ages are (45,39) and (54,48). the cabinet as the cabinet has at least two
Gurdeep is three years younger than ministers who are in their fifties.
Abhishek. The possible ages are (36,39), So, the members of the cabinet
(45,48) and (54,57) are: Abhishek, Darshan, Fawad, Gurdeep
Fawad is in his fifties and is younger than and Harsh.
Harsh. It means both of them are in fifties In either case, Bardhan is not in the cabinet.
and thus, Gurdeep and Abhishek cannot be 38. Ans. D.
aged (54,57). Six persons: A, B, C, D, E and F.
If Edwin and Chetan are (45,39), the pairs of Six different shoes brands: Adidas, Fila,
ages of Gurdeep and Abhishek is not Lotto, Nike, Puma and Reebok.
possible. Six different costs: s.1700, Rs.2200,
Hence, Edwin and Chetan are (54,48) and Rs.2500, Rs.2700, Rs.3000 and Rs.3600.
Gurdeep and Abhishek are (36,39). Also, From statement I: E bought Lotto shoes. C
Fawad must be 57 and Harsh 59. Bardhan is did not buy Fila shoes. A did not buy Nike
in his thirties, so he must be 38. shoes. The difference in cost of shoes that A
bought and Adidas shoes is Rs.800.

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Hence, statement I alone is not sufficient to Therefore, statements I and II together are
answer the question. sufficient to answer the question.
From statement II: F bought Reebok On combining I and III,
shoes, which costs Rs.3600. D did not but
Adidas shoes or Puma shoes. The cost of
Puma shoes is Rs.2500. The cost of Nike
shoes is more than that of A and C’s shoes.
The cost of shoes that C bought is more than
that of E’s shoes.

Therefore, statements I and III together are


sufficient to answer the question.
On combining II and III,

Hence, statement II alone is not sufficient to


answer the question.
From statement III: D bought shoes for
Rs.2700, which were not of Fila. A and C did
not buy Adidas shoes. E bought shoes worth
lowest price. The cost of C’s shoes is more
than that of A’s shoes but less than F’s
shoes. F bought Reebok shoes.

Therefore, statements II and III together are


not sufficient to answer the question.

Hence, Either I and II or I and III together


are required.
39. Ans. D.
From data given in the question:
Therefore, Statement III alone is not
sufficient to answer the question.
On combining I and II,

From statement I: From point W, the person


moves towards south and walks for 14m till
point X.

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AX = 12m
Using Pythagoras theorem:
QX2 =

=
QR = 8m = 13m.
RX = 15m Hence, statement III alone is sufficient.
Using Pythagoras theorem: Hence, data in statement I and III alone is
sufficient to answer the question.
QX2 = 40. Ans. E.
Option e) is the correct answer. Both
= Statements I and III are necessary to answer
the question.
= Using statement I and II :
= 17m. * F faces outside and H, who likes Red sits
Hence, statement I alone is sufficient. immediate right of F.
From statement II: From point W, the person * B, who likes Green sits second to the left of
moves towards south and walks for 7m till F.
point Y, then he move towards south-east * A sits second to the right of F, who sits third
direction for 8m and reach point X. to the left of G(so, G faces away from the
centre) and it is also given that G likes White
and sits second to the left of one who likes Red
(so, person who likes Red faces towards the
center).
* Person who likes Red sits third to the right
of E(so, E faces towards the center).
* F sits third to the right of D (so D faces away
Here, distance between Q and X is not from the center).
integer. * A, sits second to right of one who likes Black,
Hence, statement II alone is not sufficient. who sits immediate right of one who likes
From statement III: From point W, the Red”(so, F must like Black).
person moves in east direction for 16m and * B sits immediate left of C, who sits third to
stopped at point Y, he then moves in north the right of one who likes Pink (so, C must
direction for 6m till point Z. From point Z, he faces away from the center).
moves 5m in east direction till point X.

Therefore, both I and II are not sufficient to


answer the question.
RS = ZX = QA = 5m

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Using statement II and III: * G, who sits third to the right of one who likes
* F faces outside and H, who likes Red sits Black. (so, F must like Black).
immediate right of F. * One who likes Purple sits second to the right
* B, who likes Green sits second to the left of F. of one who likes Green, who sits immediate
* one who likes Pink sits second to the right right of D. (so, E must like Purple).
of F.
* Person who likes Black sits immediate right
of one who likes Red.(only possibility is F likes
Black).
* One who likes Purple sits second to the right
of one who likes Green.
* F sits third to the right of D and it is also
given that one who likes Green, who sits
immediate right of D, who faces away from
the center.
* H sits second to the left of G, who sits third
to the right of one who likes Black.
* E sits second to the left of A, who sits second
to right of one who likes Black. After filling the remaining data,

Therefore, using I and III statement, we get


Therefore, II and III statements together are the required answer.
not sufficient to answer the question. Hence, both statements I and III are
Using statements I and III: necessary to answer the question.
* D faces away from the centre. 41. Ans. A.
* One who likes Green sits immediate right of D. Six employees: A, B, C, D, E and F.
* F sits third to the right of D. And also F sits Different number of mails: 15, 20, 30, 50,
third to the left of G(so, G must face away 60 and 70.
from the centre). From statement I:
* One who likes Pink sits second to right of F. E is taller than only D and F. C is the tallest
* C sits third to the right of one who likes Pink among all but does not get lowest number of
and it is also given that C likes Orange. mails. A gets half number of mails than that
* B sits immediate left of C (so, C must face of B gets.
outside). From the given information,
* G likes white and sits second to the left of C () >_() >_() > E() > D/F() > F/D()
one who likes Red, who sits third to the right So, either F or D is the shortest.
of E. So, statement I alone is not sufficient.
* A sits second to the right of F.

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From statement II: 43. Ans. E.


A is taller than B. The sum of mails of A and
E is equal to the number of mails that D gets.
The one, who gets 50 mails is not the
shortest. D does not get the highest number
of mails.
From the given information,
A and E get (20) and (50) mails but not
necessarily in same order. Also, D gets (70)
mails every day.
We cannot determine who among the
following is the shortest.
So, statement II alone is not sufficient.
Clearly, D likes purple colour.
From statement III: 44. Ans. D.
A does not get 15 mails. B is not taller than
A. D gets more mails that that of E but less
than C.
From the given information,
We cannot determine who among the
following is the shortest.
So, statement III alone is not sufficient.
On combining I and II:
We get,
C(70) > A(30) > B(60) > E(20) > D(50) >
F(15)
Clearly, B sits 2nd to the right of the one
So, F is the shortest and D gets 50 mails who is 3rd to the left of A.
every day. 45. Ans. A.
Therefore, statement I and II together
are sufficient.
On combining I and III:
We get,
C() > A(30) > B(60) > E() > F/D() > D/F()
So, either F or D is the shortest.
Therefore, statement I and III together are
not sufficient.
On combining II and III:
We cannot determine, who is the shortest.
Therefore, statement II and III together are Clearly, C sits to the immediate right of the
not sufficient one who likes black colour.
46. Ans. D.
Hence, the data in statement I and II
The given statement states that the latent
together are required to answer the question.
reason behind the number of people who
42. Ans. D. died of starvation is the requirement of
The place value of each letter in the word mandatory Aadhaar authentication. So, such
according to the alphabetical series. requirements cause exclusion and should not
AM- 113 (A-1,M-13=113) be allowed.

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Inference I: Aadhaar seeding is a process From the above-mentioned paragraph, one


by which Aadhaar numbers of residents are can infer option IV, but not option II.
included in the service delivery database of 'Presumably' is used to convey that what is
service providers for enabling deduplication asserted is very likely, though not known for
of database and Aadhaar based certain. This means that maybe these
authentication during service delivery. So, services were not accessible to them because
basically, it is the process of linking Aadhaar it was more difficult for them to get enrolled
card with other government official as they were migrants and did not have the
documents like pan card, voter ID card and necessary documents, not because the
also with the individual’s bank account. So, supply of the ration is not allowed to
this statement cannot be inferred from the migrants by the NFSA.
given statement. Therefore, option D is the apt answer.
Inference II: The statement can be inferred 48. Ans. C.
from paragraph 3, but not from the given Precarious refers to something not securely
statement. As the given statement neither held or in position; dangerously likely to fall
explicitly states that they were ‘denied or collapse. It also means ‘dependent on
rations from the Public Distribution System chance; uncertain.’
shops’ nor can it be deciphered. So, this Option A: Dubious means feeling doubt or
statement can’t be inferred from the given not feeling certain. So, it is a synonym of
statement. precarious.
47. Ans. D. Option B: Secure means certain to remain
I and III: They can be inferred from the safe and unthreatened. So, it is an antonym
following lines, ‘The death of these children of precarious.
follows a series of reports of alleged Option C: 'Arcane' refers to
starvation deaths over the last six months, someone/something mysterious or secret
mostly from Jharkhand but also from other and known only by a few people.
states such as Karnataka, Chhattisgarh and Option D: 'Sound
Uttar Pradesh. In each of these cases, fact- means in good condition; not damaged,
finding reports and newspaper stories have injured, or diseased.
documented failures of the system in Option E: 'Parlous' means full of danger or
reaching entitlements to the affected uncertainty. So, it is a synonym of
families.’ precarious.
II and IV: The paragraph states ‘The National Therefore, option C is the apt answer.
Food Security Act (NFSA) includes provisions 49. Ans. C.
for subsidised grains from the public From the paragraph 1, one can decipher that
distribution system (PDS), school meals for the development model of India was based on
schoolgoing children, maternity entitlements Industrial capitalism. After independence,
and supplementary nutrition for young India gave the highest priority to industrial
children through Anganwadi centres. A fact- development. But in contrast (paradox) to
finding report prepared by the Delhi Rozi Roti this, now India has become a consumer
Adhikar Abhiyan revealed that while these capitalist economy.
services were available in the area, the girls Option A: Crony socialism to stigmatised
and their parents did not have access to any capitalism means the shifting of the economy
of these in the months preceding their from government-controlled to owned and
deaths. This was presumably because it controlled by a few individual people and
was more difficult for them to get enrolled as disregarding the interests of the common
they were migrants and did not have the people. So, it does not present a contrast to
necessary documents.’ the given statement.

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Option B: Clearly, this is not the opposite of of questions on the failure of the state to
the given statement. protect its citizens from hunger 70 years
Option C: This statement says that the after independence.
development model itself was based on Option III: Clearly, this is not the author’s
consumer capitalism, which has been viewpoint with respect to the paragraph 1.
achieved. So, this statement presents a Option IV: This sentence is ambiguous.
contrast to the given statement. Therefore, option B is the apt answer.
Option D: Clearly, this statement too does not 52. Ans. E.
present a contrast to the given statement as Options A, C and D: These sentences do not
we are. fit with the sentence succeeding the
Option E: This statement is similar to the highlighted statement.
given statement as India did opt for a dirigiste Option B: Paragraph 4 is about ‘inequity in
model of industrial capitalist development. the current economic model,’ not about the
Therefore, option C is the apt answer. social security facilities. (Refer to the solution
Note- Consumer capitalism is a theoretical of Q5)
economic and social-political condition in Option E: The sentence fits perfectly in the
which consumer demand is manipulated, in a context of the passage.
deliberate and coordinated way, on a very Therefore, option E is the apt answer.
large scale, through mass-marketing 53. Ans. A.
techniques, to the advantage of sellers. Assumption I: If marginalised people have
According to the given sentence, India has access to social sector schemes, then they
moved from industrial capitalism to can be saved from protracted periods of
consumerism, something which is instigated hunger. As protracted periods of hunger can
by the suppliers. cause death, this assumption can be
50. Ans. A. considered correct.
Paragraph 3 states all the reasons that lead Assumption II: This is not an assumption, it
to cases of alleged starvation deaths. The is an inference. Thus, this assumption is
heart of all these reasons is the weak system incorrect.
of entitlements provided by the state. The Therefore, option A is the apt answer.
paragraph 4 focuses more on the current 54. Ans. B.
economic model of India and its flaws. The The phrase ‘conspicuous by its absence’ in
connective sentence should be a blend of the given context of the passage means that
these two paragraphs. Only option II the state is ‘obviously not present where one
presents this fusion. Options I and III only or it should be.’ Therefore, option B is the
connect with the paragraph 4. Therefore, apt answer.
option A is the apt answer. 55. Ans. E.
51. Ans. B. All the options can be deciphered from the
Option I: Dystopian relates to a state in paragraph 3 except option E. The paragraph
which everything is unpleasant or bad. A states ‘A truly universal system of social
dystopia is a community or society that is security that pays special attention to
undesirable. The statement says that poor reaching out to the most vulnerable
who are living in urban areas, such as New communities needs to be put in place.’
Delhi, are undesirable. They are living in ‘Put in place’ means positioned something
terrible condition. This can be considered the correctly; returned to its proper location or
author’s viewpoint with respect to the first place. This means that the universal system
sentence of paragraph 1. of social security has been already present
Option II: India has failed to address the and does not need to be established.
gruelling poverty suffered by millions that’s Therefore, option E is the apt answer.
why the author says that it raises a number

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56. Ans. A. the blank will render the first part of the
Note that in the given question we are sentence incorrect. So we can either look for
required to find a segment which when put in the segment which will make a contextual
the blank will render the first part of the error or one which causes a grammatical error
sentence incorrect. So we can either look for in the asked part. So let's first read the
the segment which will make a contextual sentence and the options thoroughly.
error or one which causes a grammatical error Here we can have a grammatical error. Since
in the asked part. So let's first read the the first part is in the simple future tense, the
sentence and the options thoroughly. rest of the sentence should be
The first statement mentions that protests structurally similar and thus the same tense
were started after the Sterlite announcement should be used throughout. All the options
was made. But the first option mentions the except A use the simple future tense (option
word “before” to indicate the time of the D uses the passive form of the simple future
initiation of the protests, which renders the tense), thus rendering the whole sentence and
first part of the sentence contextually part A correct. However, if option A is put in
incorrect. All the other options fit the blank, the first part of the sentence will
appropriately in the blank and help in become incorrect.
rendering a logical meaning to the whole 59. Ans. E.
sentence. Thus, option A is the correct Note that in the given question we are
answer. required to find a segment which when put in
57. Ans. B. the blank will render the first part of the
Note that in the given question we are sentence incorrect. So we can either look for
required to find a segment which when put in the segment which will make a contextual
the blank will render the second part of the error or one which causes a grammatical error
sentence incorrect. So we can either look for in the asked part. So let's first read the
the segment which will make a contextual sentence and the options thoroughly.
error or one which causes a grammatical error If the segments mentioned in all the options
in the asked part. So let's first read the are put in the blank, the sentence would be
sentence and the options thoroughly. grammatically and contextually correct. The
"Fiduciaries" means "trustees". The sentence simple present tense, the present perfect
implies that a particular law will apply to the tense as well as the present perfect
trustees outside India only if they are of two continuous tense would fit with the phrase
kinds- one of them being those who are doing "recently revealed" as the equipment could be
business with India. We need to find out the supplied in the present time or since some
other group. Now, when it is being said in part time in the past. Also, there may be certainty
2 that a law would be applied to someone, we as well as uncertainty about the supply. Thus,
can infer that it would be valid only when option E is the correct answer.
someone does something that harms the 60. Ans. C.
nation in some way. Options A, C and D Note that in the given question we are
mention such circumstances under which the required to find a segment which when put in
laws would be applied. Thus, all these options the blank will render the first part of the
make the sentence as well as part 2 correct. sentence incorrect. So we can either look for
Only option B mentions a circumstance the segment which will make a contextual
where the laws of the country are preserved, error or one which causes a grammatical error
hence, there would be no application of the in the asked part. So let's first read the
law. So option B becomes our answer. sentence and the options thoroughly.
58. Ans. A. Note that "food economy", as mentioned in
Note that in the given question we are the first part of the sentence, is a singular
required to find a segment which when put in subject, which would take a singular verb in

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part 2. All the options except C use a singular look for the third sentence. D mentions the
verb. So they make part 1 correct. "Play" is a phrase, “Because of this dozens of children
plural verb, which renders part 1 incorrect as were given false cancer treatments”; so we
the subject must change to the plural need to find the specific reason. F carries this
accordingly- "The informal food economies, reason for the consequence mentioned in D.
which fall outside official regulation". Thus, Thus, F is the third sentence. Now we are left
option C is the correct answer. with only A and B, and B follows A as it
61. Ans. B. concludes the passage by stating how the
The given statement which needs to be anti-corruption community helped in raising
placed in the passage talks about awareness. So, the correct sequence would
development of clean alternatives to coal, oil be ECFDAB.
and gas. Thus, it should be placed after the 66. Ans. C.
second statement of the passage which talks ‘Underdevelopment’ and ‘accelerated
about the requirement for the progress’ are opposing factors and when
decarbonisation of the economy with opposing factors interact a ‘clash’ or
alternatives to alternatives for coal and cars ‘crossfire’ occurs. Thus, both i and ii can be
that run on diesel. Thus, option B is the used to fill the first blank. The second blank
correct answer. should have the alternative iii in it as ‘new
62. Ans. C. urban reality’ is being formed because of the
The first and the second statement are in interactions of various factors. Thus, option D
logical order as the first talks about the can be negated. ‘Transitions’ mean a period
invention of “nationalism” in Europe and the of change. ‘Translations’ mean the process of
second talks about the model of nationalism. changing text from one language to another.
The third sentence is also in the proper order Hence, keeping in context to the sentence,
as at it lays down the first criteria to be a alternative v is a better fit answer for the
“British”. Here the usage of “so” indicates third blank. Only option C has alternative v
that it is the first sentence in the sequence of as its choices along with iii and i. This makes
the given sentence and the last one which option C the correct answer.
mentions “finally”. Hence, the given sentence 67. Ans. D.
should replace (3) to make the sentence The given passage is about a project for
complete and coherent. urban development in China. Thus, the first
63. Ans. D. blank should have the word ‘urbanization’ in
Refer to the last sentence in the series. it as it refers to the process of making an
64. Ans. E. area more urban. So, options B and C can be
Refer to the last question in the series. negated as they don’t have alternative ii. The
65. Ans. B. second blank is preceded by the word
The passage is on corruption, so either C or E ‘strategy’ which refers to a plan of action
could logically be the opening lines of the designed to achieve a long-term or overall
passage. The other options start with such aim. Thus, this plan needs to made.
conjunctions and connectors, which indicate ‘Speculated’ means to form a theory without
that they are the continuation of other substantial evidence. ‘Formulated’ means to
statements. Between C and E, the latter create or prepare methodically. ‘Forecasted’
should be the first sentence as it lays down means to predict or estimate. Thus,
the argument that corruption affects human ‘formulated’ is the correct word for the given
rights and C takes the idea forward towards second blank as it would indicate that the
a resolution. So, E and C for the first and the said ’strategy’ is being created or prepared.
second sentence respectively. Having found Since alternatives ii and iv have to be used,
the first and the second sentence, and it remains to be seen if alternative vi can fit
having the fourth sentence fixed, we need to the third blank. The mentioned ‘strategy’ as

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per the passage is not only required for Deregulation of airlines on the watch of
sustainable cities but also for a developed Democratic President Jimmy Carter took
urban society. ‘Necessity’ means the state or place at the same time when the
fact of being required and is the correct word once unionised truck drivers became
for the given blank. This makes option d the independent contractors, the only difference
correct answer. being that they did not bargain for the pay
68. Ans. A. and benefits with their employers as was
The given passage is about a certain done by the latter.
paradigm. The attention it receives should be 71. Ans. A.
growing to make it an important factor to Because of ‘after the war,’ both options I and
garner worldwide attention at a growing II can be used. ‘On the eve of’ is a phrase
pace. Thus, the first blank should have which means ‘on the day before an important
‘increased’ in it with reference to the context. event, or during the period of time just
This makes options A and D viable. The first before it.’ So, option II basically means
sentence states that the paradigm helps to ‘before the war.’ Annexation is the
achieve ‘sustainable development’. The administrative action and concept in
second blank should thus have ‘contributes’ international law relating to the forcible
in it as it means help to cause something. transition of one state's territory by another
Thus, alternative ii should go in the second state. It is generally held to be an illegal act.
blank. ‘Dwindled’ means to decrease and The sentences are not about any annexation
cannot be used in any of the blanks making instead they are about soybean trade. So,
option d null. ‘Verified’ means to make sure option III can’t be used.
or demonstrate that (something) is true, Therefore, option A is the apt answer.
accurate, or justified and is the correct fit for New statements:
the third blank. Thus, option a is the correct Before the end of the war Japan was
answer. dependent on occupied Manchuria and
69. Ans. E. colonized Korea for its soybean supply and
Alternatives i, ii and vi are synonyms and can after the war, the U.S. required that Japan
be used to fill the first blank. Alternatives iii, reconfigure its trade ties towards itself and
iv and v are synonyms and can be used to fill its bloc, away from China and Korea as the
the second blank. But no word in the given Cold War progressed.
alternatives can be utilized to fill the third On the eve of war Japan was dependent on
blank as it needs a name of a subject to occupied Manchuria and colonized Korea for
maintain continuity. Thus, option E is the its soybean supply and after the war, the
correct answer. U.S. required that Japan reconfigure its trade
70. Ans. D. ties towards itself and its bloc, away from
One can clearly decipher that to connect China and Korea as the Cold War progressed.
these two sentences, the starter should be 72. Ans. E.
such that it joins the two sentences without None of the mentioned options helps in
undermining the meaning conveyed by both connecting the sentences. Also, one can say
the parts of sentences given in the question. that the two sentences can’t be connected.
‘Though the truck companies categorized Therefore, option E is the apt answer.
that deregulation of airlines’ makes no sense 73. Ans. B.
in the context of the sentences. So, option II Option A: This option is ambiguous.
can’t be used. Option B: It can be deciphered from the
One can’t say ‘worldwide perspective’ from following line, ‘The Chinese government
the given sentences. So, option III can’t be imposed limits on plastic waste imports
used. – which were largely recycled into new
New statement: products…..’

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Option C: It can’t be deciphered from the per cent drop in use equaling a reduction of
passage. more than 1 billion bags. The tax collected
Option D: The passage states ‘..However, was funnelled into a green fund to support
Japan is in no position to suddenly expand its environmental projects. Rwanda also
capacity to recycle plastics, and a lot of the introduced a ban on the sale, manufacture,
waste ends up at landfills or incinerators.’ An use, and import of plastic bags in 2008. The
Incinerator is an apparatus for burning waste ban led to cleaner cities with less trash, less
material, especially industrial waste, at high environmental damage caused by plastic
temperatures until it is reduced to ash. So, waste and increased tourism. Second, Japan
the option is the opposite of what mentioned should establish specific targets for business
in the passage. and industry to redesign, remanufacture,
Option E: It is an effect, not the reason. substitute and/or phase out plastic
Therefore, option B is the apt answer. products.’
74. Ans. C. From the above-mentioned paragraph, one
I: This can be considered as the reason. If can decipher all the options except D
Japan exports most of its plastic waste, then because it is not a regulation rather it is an
it will be left with a small quantity of plastic initiative. Therefore, option D is the apt
waste to be recycled. answer.
II: It is stated in the following line, ‘Japanese 76. Ans. D.
waste management firms do not have the Option I: It can be deciphered from the
specialist equipment to recycle these following lines, ‘Given its ongoing preparation
plastics,…’ for the 2020 Tokyo Olympic Games, industry
III: The passage states ‘Japanese waste sectors have been called on to reduce
management firms do not have the specialist excessive packaging for all products related
equipment to recycle these plastics, and to the event. Biodegradable alternatives are
consequently many no longer accept such being considered, drawing on lessons learned
shipments because they have nowhere to from the 2016 Olympic Games in Rio de
store it.’ This means firms no longer accept Janeiro, where plastic waste was effectively
used plastic, not Japan. So, this option can’t limited.’
be used. Option II: It can be deciphered from the
IV: It is stated in the following line, ‘Japan’s passage.
Reduce-Reuse-Recycle (3Rs) policy — while Option III: It can be deciphered from the
incredibly successful at promoting recycling third paragraph.
in Japan — caused a decline in the domestic Option IV: Neither it is mentioned, nor it can
plastic recycling business.’ be deciphered from the passage.
V: The correct statement is ‘despite high Option V: The passage states ‘Japan has the
levels of participation in Japan’s recycling opportunity to stop looking for the next “easy
initiatives, efforts to reduce the use of plastic solution” and instead adopt solid resource
products in the country are failing.’ This management principles to help stem the
means efforts to reduce the use of plastic are rising tide of plastic.’ This means Japan has
failing. an opportunity to adopt solid resource
Therefore, option C is the apt answer. management principles. But this does not
75. Ans. D. mean it has adopted.
‘..Japan should introduce regulations on the Therefore, option D is the apt answer.
use of plastic products by prohibiting the sale 77. Ans. E.
— or charging a fee — for single-use plastics Option I and III: It can be inferred from the
such as bags, cups and drinking straws. In following line, ‘The Chinese government
2002 Ireland became the first country to imposed limits on plastic waste imports –
introduce a plastic bag tax, leading to a 90 which were largely recycled into new

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products – because of growing awareness Given,


that some plastic waste contains toxic 72% people were in retail stores.
elements, therefore worsening China’s People working in door to door store only
already serious pollution problems.’ was 1/36 of the retail store
Option II: It can be inferred from the
=
passage.
Option IV: It can be inferred from the first Person working in both the online and door
and second paragraph. to door store except retail store were 55.
Option V: It is stated in the third paragraph, Person working in only online store is equal
thereby not inferred. to person in door to door only + 65 = 2% +
78. Ans. D. 65
The given sentence talks about The Réunion Total percentage of people working in all the
hotspot where volcanic eruptions have been three stores = 100%
said to be related to the extinction of the Therefore,
dinosaurs. However, more recently, the
eruptions has resulted in the coming up of
So,
the islands of Mauritius and Réunion. The
error in option D is that the plural subject
‘eruptions’ does not agree with the singular
verb ‘relates’. A plural subject of a sentence
requires a plural verb. Therefore, the error
lies in option D. So, 24% = 120
79. Ans. A. Therefore,
When stating locations, we use the preposition
'at'. Also, 'too' is used in the sense of 'in
addition to', and is generally placed at the end The total number of people working in online
of the clause or sentence. store only = 2% + 65
80. Ans. D.
The possessive form of 'them' is 'themselves'. =
'There' is used to point things. 'Their' is used So option (b) is the correct answer.
to show relations. 'For' shows purpose. The 82. Ans. A.
correct preposition to be used is 'on'. 'That'
joins sentences, and generally starts a
descriptive clause which is absent her.
81. Ans. B.

Given,
72% people were in retail stores.

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People working in door to door store only So option (a) is the correct answer.
was 1/36 of the retail store 84. Ans. A.
Let the number of calls received by A on
=
Friday = a
Person working in both the online and door And, the number of calls received by B on
to door store except retail store were 55. Friday = b
Person working in only online store is equal Percentage of calls executed by A on Friday
to person in door to door only + 65 = 2% + = 80% =
65
Total percentage of people working in all the Percentage of calls executed by B on Friday
three stores = 100%
= 80%
Therefore,
Statement A:
So, Total calls executed by them on Friday is 100
So,

So, 24% = 120


Therefore,
Thus, the total number of calls received by A
and B on Friday is 125
Thus, statement A alone is sufficient to
The total number of people working in any of answer the question
the stores = Total number of people working Statement B:
in retail store + total number of people Difference between the calls executed by
working in door to door only + total number them on Friday is 8
of people working in both the online and door
to door store except retail store + total So,
number of people working only in online
store.
So, that is equal to 100% = 500
So option (a) is the correct answer.
83. Ans. A.
B executes 200 calls on Friday Thus, the total number of calls taken by
He executed 80% calls them individually, we cannot determine the
So, 80% = 200 total number of calls received by A and B on
Friday.
Therefore, 100% = So option (a) is the correct answer.
85. Ans. E.
B received 25% more calls than A on Friday
Statement I:
Let the number of calls A received = x
Total Surface Area of cuboid
So, = 2 (lb + bh + hl)
Let length = 3x, breadth = 2x, height = x
Therefore, x = 200 ∴ 352 = 2 (3x × 2x + 2x × x + x × 3x)
A executed 80% calls on Friday
⇒ 176 = (6x2 + 2x2 + 3x2)
So, number of calls executed
⇒ 176 = 11x2
= ⇒ x2 = 16
⇒x=4

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∴ Length = 12 cm, Breadth = 8 cm, Height = MP = 1.75Y


4 cm Equivalent discount = 36%
Volume = lbh SP = 1.12Y
⇒ 12 × 8 × 4 = 384 cm3 SP of dealer = CP of Rahul
Statement II: SP of Rahul = 1.12Y x 125/100 = 6720
Total Surface Area of cube = 6s2 Y = 4800
∴ 726 = 6s2 Therefore, required SP = 5520
⇒ s2 = 121 Hence, statement II alone is sufficient
⇒ s = 11 cm Statement III:
Volume of the cube = s3 CP = Y
⇒ 113 = 1331 cm3 MP = 1.75Y
Statement III: SP = 1.3125Y
Let height of the cuboid = x cm, length = 3x, Equivalent discount = 40%
breadth = 2x SP = 1.05Y
Difference = 3x – x Then,
⇒ 8 = 2x 1.3125Y – 1.05Y = 1260
⇒x=4 Y = 4800
∴ length = 12 cm, breadth = 8 cm, height = Thus, required SP for 15% profit = 4800 x
4 cm 1.15 = 5520
Volume of the cuboid = lbh Hence, statement III alone is sufficient
⇒ 12 × 8 × 4 = 384 cm3 Thus, the data given in either statement I
∴ Either statement I and II or statement II alone or III alone is sufficient to answer the
and III are required to answer the question. question.
86. Ans. E. So option (b) is the correct answer.
Let speed of boat = u, and speed of stream 88. Ans. B.
=v Let the tens and units digits be a and b
From Statement I: respectively.
u + v = 25/5 = 5 km/hr 1) a – b = 4
From Statement II: 2) a – b = 4
v = 2u/3 3) (10a+b) – (10b+a) = 36 ; a – b = 4
From Statement III: Thus even all the given 3 statements
u – v = 25/10 = 2.5 together do not give the answer.
Here by solving any two equations we can 89. Ans. D.
get the value of ‘u’ Statement II:
Hence Any two statements will be necessary Number of days taken by 1 man to build the
to answer the question wall working alone = 10*2=20 days
87. Ans. B. Number of days taken by 1 woman to build
Statement I: the wall working alone = 8*3=24 days
Let CP = Y Length of wall build in 1 day by a man is 6
MP = 1.6Y meters
SP = 1.2Y Length of wall build in 1 day by a woman is 5
Profit = 20% meters
1.6Y – 1.2Y = 1920; Y = 4800 Total number of days taken to build the wall
Thus, required SP for 15% profit = 4800 x when all the 5 workers work together
1.15 = 5520
Hence, statement I alone is sufficient =
Statement II:
Total lengths of wall build in 40/9 day when
CP = Y
all the 5 workers work together

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100 = 14
=
So option (c) is the correct answer.
Hence, statement II alone is sufficient 92. Ans. E.
From I and III
Total number of days taken to build the wall
when all the 5 workers work together

Total lengths of wall build in 1 day when all


the 5 workers work together is 27 meters. The number of students who won on
Total lengths of wall build in 40/9 day when Wednesday = 1440
all the 5 workers work together The number of students who won on
Thursday = 1408
=
Therefore, required ratio =
Hence, statement I and III together are
sufficient. So option (e) is the correct answer.
So option (d) is the correct answer. 93. Ans. A.
90. Ans. A. Quantity I:
Let, the cost price of the article = Rs. x
Then, the marked price of the article = Rs.
(x+600)
So, 84% of (x+600) =147% of x
So,

Therefore, the ratio of the number of =


students who lost the competition on =63x=50400
Tuesday to the number of students who won =x=800
Therefore, required percentage
the competition on Wednesday =
=
So option (a) is the correct answer.
91. Ans. C. Quantity II:
The selling price of the article = 113.75% of
800=Rs. 910
Profit = 910 – 800 = Rs. 110
Discount = 1580+110=Rs. 1690
Marked price = 1690+910=2600
Discount% =
Given, the ratio of number of girls lost to the
Therefore, Quantity I > Quantity II
number of boys lost on Thursday is 7: 5
So option (a) is the correct answer.
respectively
94. Ans. E.
The number of girls lost on Thursday
Let base radius and height of conical pit is
= 21x and 40x respectively
Volume of 22 cuboidal bricks + volume of 22
The number of boys participated on Monday cylindrical bricks = volume of mud from
= 800 conical pit
Therefore, required percentage = 112/800 *
=

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= n(
= Let E4 = event of drawing 7 marbles in which
5 marbles are brown.
Quantity I:
n(
Half of height of conical pit =
Therefore, Probability
Quantity II:
Two less than the total number of cuboidal =
bricks made = 22 – 2 = 20
So, Quantity I = Quantity II
So option (e) is the correct answer.
95. Ans. A.
Quantity I: Total number of balls Quantity I > Quantity II
= 10 + 7 + 13 = 30 Hence, option (a) is the answer.
Let S be the sample space. Then, 96. Ans. B.
n(S) = number of ways of drawing 5 balls Quantity I:
out of 30 = Quantity of wine in the final mixture
Let E1 = event of drawing 2 red balls. =
n(E1) = =
Let E2 = event of drawing 3 balls out of white
and blue balls. litres
n (E2)= + Quantity of water in the final mixture

or 17C2 =

Therefore, Probability = =

litres
Total = 75 + 50 = 125 litres
Wine: water = 75: 50 = 3: 2
Quantity of mixture in first container
= litres

Quantity of water in first container


Quantity II: Total number of marbles
= 8 + 6 + 7 = 21 = litres
Let S be the sample space. Then,
n(S) = number of ways of drawing 7 marbles Quantity of mixture in third container
out of 21 = = litres
Let E1 = event of drawing 7 marbles in which Quantity of water in third container
4 marbles are brown.
= litres
n(E1) =
Let E2 = event of drawing 7 marbles in which Required difference = 20 – 10 = 10 litres
5 marbles are brown. Quantity II:
n( Let the quantity of milk and water in the
initial mixture be 13k litres and 7k litres
Let E3 = event of drawing 7 marbles in which
respectively
5 marbles are brown.
According to the question

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98. Ans. C.
=
Number of laptops sold at some profit in
= 2012 = 9600 + 320 + 64 = 9984
Number of laptops sold at loss in 2012 =
= 1920 + 480 + 16 = 2416
= Ratio = 9984: 2416 = 4.13
Number of laptops sold at some profit in
= 2013 = 10920 + 1560 + 320 = 12800
Quantity of milk in the initial mixture = 13k Number of laptops sold at loss in 2013 =
= 13 x 5 = 65 litres 2240 + 840 + 120 = 3200
Quantity of water in the initial mixture = 7k Ratio = 12800: 3200 = 4
= 7 x 5 = 35 litres Number of laptops sold at some profit in
Quantity of milk in the new mixture = 65 + 5 2014 = 12750 + 3750 + 900 = 17400
= 70 litres Number of laptops sold at loss in 2014 =
Quantity of water in the new mixture = 35 + 3060 + 1190 + 350 = 4600
15 = 50 litres Ratio = 17400: 4600 = 3.78
Total = 70 + 50 = 120 litres Number of laptops sold at some profit in
Milk: water = 70: 50 = 7: 5 2015 = 22560
Remaining mixture = litres Number of laptops sold at loss in 2015 =
5440
Quantity of milk in the final mixture Ratio = 22560: 5440 = 4.15
Number of laptops sold at some profit in
= litres
2016 = 27500
Quantity of water in the final mixture Number of laptops sold at loss in 2016 =
5500
= litres Ratio = 27500: 5500 = 5
Required difference = 45 – 33 = 12 litres Therefore, the ratio of number of laptops sold
Therefore, Quantity I < Quantity II at some profit to the ratio of number of
So option (b) is the correct answer. laptops sold at loss by the two companies
97. Ans. A. together, was minimum in 2014
Quantity I: So option (c) is the correct answer.
Total number of workers = 42 99. Ans. D.
The revenue of GM in 2012 = 11250 *
Number of male workers = (9600*1.2+1920*0.8+480*0.5) = Rs.
Number of female workers = 42 – 26 = 16 149580000
The revenue of GM in 2013 = 11900 *
So,
(10920*1.2+2240*0.8+840*0.5) = Rs.
So, 182260400
The revenue of GM in 2014 = 12700 *
So,
(12750*1.2+3060*0.8+1190*0.5) = Rs.
So, x = 53.625 232956100
So, the value of x = 53.625 kg The revenue of GM in 2015 = 13700 *
Quantity II: (11520*1.2+3200*0.8+1280*0.5) = Rs.
25x = 24 x (x – 2) + 100 233228800
25x = 24x – 48 + 100 The revenue of GM in 2016 = 14900 *
x = 52 (9100*1.2+2860*0.8+1040*0.5) = Rs.
So, the value of ‘x’ is 52 kg 204547200
Therefore, Quantity I > Quantity II Therefore, the revenue of GM was maximum
So option (a) is the correct answer.

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in 2015 is same. So, Thetotal expense


So option (d) is the correct answer. in the year 2015 = 53.2 lakhs
100. Ans. C. The other expense in the year 2015 = 53.2
The total amount spent by GM on shipping – 16 = 37.2 lakhs
and warehousing laptops in 2015 = 16000 * The average salary of employees in
(690 + 690) = 22080000 the year 2017 = Rs. 15000
The total amount spent by GE on shipping The other expense in the year 2017 =
laptops in 2015 = 12000 * 800 = Rs. Rs. 47.75 lakhs
96000000 The number of employees in 2017 = 80 – 5
Therefore, the required percentage = 75
The salary expense in 2017 = 75*15000
=
= 11.25 lakhs
So option (c) is the correct answer. The total expense in the year 2017 = 47.75
101. Ans. E. + 11.25 = 59 lakhs
The total amount spent by GE on shipping
during 2012 – 2015=
500x400+550x2000+650x5000+800x12000
= 200000 +1100000+3250000+960000 =
Rs. 14150000
The total amount spent by GM on advertising
during 2012 – 2016 =
50x12000+50x14000+60x17000+75x16000 The total expense in the year 2015 = 53.2
+80x13000= lakhs The total expense in the year 2017 =
600000+700000+1020000+1200000+10400 59 lakhs Required % = (53.2/59)*100 = 90
00=Rs. 4560000 %
Therefore, required percentage 103. Ans. A.
The total average salary of employees in
= all the given years together
= 20000 + 24000 + 15000 = Rs. 59000
So option (e) is the correct answer.
102. Ans. B.
In the year 2015,
The salary expense of a company = 16 lakhs
The total number of employees = 80
Average salary of employees = 1600000/80
= Rs. 20000
In the year 2016, 104. Ans. A.
The average salary of employees = Rs. 1000 The number of employees in the year 2015
+ Average salary of employees in 2015 = 80
=> 4000 + 20000 = Rs. 24000 The number of employees in the year 2017
The salary expense in 2016 = (120/100)*16 = 75
= 19.2 lakhs Required difference = 80 – 75 = 5
The other expense in the year 2016 = 34
lakhs
Total expense in the year 2016 = 19.2 + 34
= 53.2 lakhs
The number of employees in 2015
= 1920000/24000 = 80
The total expense in the year 2015 and 2016

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105. Ans. A. 18.61 days – 4.98 days = 13.63 days {18.61


The average salary expense in and 4.98 days taken from previous
allthe given years together questions, as the female and male workers
= (37.2 + 34 + 47.75)/3 work on alternate days}
= 118.95/3 = 39.65 lakhs Total man hours available to them –
13 women * 9 hours/day * 13.63 days = 117
* 13.63 = 1594.71 hours
Total time taken by them to make 3 medium
cars and 2 big cars –
⇒ (3 * 7/1.1) + (2 * 8/1.1) = 19.1 hours +
14.54 hours = 33.63 hours
106. Ans. B. Total cars made –
Total hours required to build 100 small cars 5 * [(1594.71/33.63)] = 235 cars {here [] is
by male workers of factory B – the Greatest Integer Function}
⇒ 100 * 5 * 125% = 625 hours {multiplied Since cars have to be made in the ratio 3:2
by 125% since male workers of factory B are for medium and big cars respectively.
80% as efficient as male workers of factory 108. Ans. A.
A; it is equivalent to dividing by 80%} Total small RC cars made by male workers –
Total man hours available in a day in factory 100 (from the 1st order)
B– Wages = 100 * 500 = 50,000
10 9 = 90 hours Total medium RC cars made by male workers
Total hours required to build 120 medium – 120 (from the 1st order)
cars by male workers of factory B – Wages = 120 * 750 = 90,000
⇒ 120 * 7 * 125% = 1050 hours {multiplied Total big RC cars made by male workers–0
by 125% since male workers of factory B are Total small RC cars made by female
80% as efficient as male workers of factory workers–0
A; it is equivalent to dividing by 80%} Total medium RC cars made by female
Total man hours available in a day in factory workers –
B– (3/5) * 235 = 141 cars
10 * 9 = 90 hours Wages = 141 * 750 = 105750
Time it will take to finish the small and Total big RC cars made by female workers –
medium cars batch by male workers – 80 + (235 * 2/5) = 80 + 94 = 174
(625 + 1050)/90 = 18.61 days Wages = 174 * 1000 = 174000
Total hours required to build 80 big cars by Wage per individual man –
female workers of factory B – (90000 + 50000)/10 = 14000
⇒ 80 * 8 * 91% = 582.4 hours {multiplied Wage per individual woman –
by 91% since female workers of factory B are (105750 + 174000)/13 = (279750)/13 =
110% as efficient as female workers of 21519.23
factory A} Difference –
Total man hours available in a day in factory Rs. 7519.23 ≈ Rs. 7520
B– 109. Ans. D.
13 * 9 = 117 hours The investment made by A, B and C in the
Time taken to finish the order of big cars – year 2017 are 10000, 20000 and 30000
582.4/117 = 4.98 days respectively.
Total time taken to finish the order – Investment of A for the year 2018 = 10000 x
18.61 4.98 = 23.59 ≈ 24 days 1.5 = Rs. 15000
107. Ans. D. Investment of B for the year 2018 = 20000 x
Total time available for female workers of 1.2 = Rs. 24000
factory B after finishing initial order – Investment of C for the year 2018 = 30000 x

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1.1 = Rs. 33000 Also given,


As, all the three partners invested for the The profit earned by C in the year 2016 is
whole year, 21000 Rs.
Ratio of investments = (15000 x 12): (24000 So, according to the question,
x 12): (33000 x 12) = 15: 24: 33
We know that, A receives Rs. 88500 at the
end of the year
Let total profit be Rs. P So, total profits =
So, share of A = 12.5% of P
Therefore, A’s profit
+
=
So,
B’s profit =
=
Therefore, difference of share of A and B =
Rs. (94500 – 70000) = Rs. 24500
=
So option (a) is the correct answer.
111. Ans. D.
So, P =
Sudha Balakrishnan has been appointed the
Therefore, total profit at the end of the year first-ever Chief Financial Officer (CFO) of the
2018 is Rs. 288000. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) for a period of
So option (d) is the correct answer. three years.
110. Ans. A. She will be responsible for the central bank’s
The total investment made in the year 2016 budgetary process and its financial activities
is Rs. 65000 and the ratio of amount and performance.
invested by A, B and C is 5: 6: 2, 112. Ans. D.
respectively In the Union Budget 2018-19, on the lines of
So, ‘‘Operation Flood’’ a new Scheme ‘‘Operation
Investment of A for the year 2016 Greens’’ was announced with an outlay of Rs
500 Crore.
= = Rs. 25000 Note:
Investment of B for the year 2016 ● The main objective of the scheme is
to address the challenge of price
= = Rs. 30000 volatility of perishable commodities like
Investment of C for the year 2016 tomato, onion, and potato with the
satisfaction of both the farmers &
= = Rs. 10000 consumers.
113. Ans. A.
After 4 months A withdraws half of his capital
* Finance minister Piyush Goyal said that
and B withdraws half of his capital after 6
government has accepted a report submitted
months and C joins after 6 months.
by a committee of bankers led by Punjab
Total investments by A = 25000 x 4 + 12500
National Bank chairman Sunil Mehta.
x 8 = Rs. 200000
* The committee has recommended a five-
Total investments by B = 30000 x 6 + 15000
pronged strategy -- Project 'Sashakt'.
x 6 = Rs. 270000
* ‘SASHAKT’ stands for strengthening and the
Total investments by C = 10000 x 6 = Rs.
whole objective was to strengthen the credit
60000
capacity, credit culture and portfolio of public
Ratio of investments for profit sharing =
sector banks.
200000: 270000: 60000 = 20: 27: 6

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114. Ans. B. 121. Ans. B.


The Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley has NITI Aayog will conduct Global Mobility
recently launched SBI’s unified integrated app Summit 2018 on electrical vehicle job growth
‘YONO’ (You Only Need One). ‘YONO’ is the in September 2018 in New Delhi.
first digital banking platform which offers 122. Ans. B.
customized products to customers. SBI has Singapore-government owned investment
tied up with 60 e-commerce players to provide firm, Temasek, has picked 5 percent stake in
more facility other than banking services. AU Small Finance Bank for Rs 1000 crore.
115. Ans. B. 123. Ans. C.
Former Chief of the Naval Staff Admiral Jayant Small Finance Banks (SFBs) will be required to
Ganpat Nadkarni passed away in Mumbai, extend 75% of their adjusted net bank credit
Maharashtra. (ANBC) for Priority Sector Lending.
He was the 14th chief of the Indian Navy from 124. Ans. D.
December 1987 to November 1990. NSFR stands for - Net Stable Funding Ratio
116. Ans. A. * It is defined as the amount of available
ICICI Bank has launched a cross-border stable funding (ASF) relative to the amount of
remittance facility that can be used required stable funding (RSF).
by NRIs for sending money to their friends * It promotes resilience over a longer-term
and family in India through social media like time horizon by requiring banks to fund their
WhatsApp and e-mail. activities with more stable sources of funding
Christened 'Social Pay', a sender needs to on an ongoing basis.
register on the remittance service * The above ratio should be equal to at least
application Money 2 India to transfer money 100 percent on an ongoing basis.
to someone in India. 125. Ans. C.
117. Ans. E. India asserted their supremacy in Kabaddi yet
The union government has set up a 13- again as they annihilated Iran 44-26 in the
member committee headed by Ravindra H Dubai Kabaddi Masters final at the Al Wasl
Dholakia (retired professor of IIM Sports Club, Dubai.
Ahmedabad) to upgrade the norms for 126. Ans. C.
computation of economic data at states and Andres Iniesta (Football Player) who recently
districts level in the backdrop of plans to retired from football belongs to Spain.
revise the base year for National Accounts or 127. Ans. D.
GDP calculation. The number of regional rural banks (RRBs)
118. Ans. C. identified for listing on stock exchanges in line
The famous annual Meghalaya Annual Cultural with the Union Budget 2018-19 is 4.
Festival, "Behdienkhlam-2018" at the small 128. Ans. A.
peripheral town of Jowai, Meghalaya. USA has emerged as the export destination of
"Khlam" means plague (or pestilence) and India.
‘beh dien’ means to drive away with sticks. The US has emerged as the top export
119. Ans. B. destination for India, with USD 47.9 billion
Union minister of chemicals and Fertilisers worth of shipments last fiscal, followed by UAE
Ananth Kumar has announced that the and Hong Kong, as per the commerce ministry
country’s first e-waste recycling unit will come data.
up in Bengaluru, Karnataka. "USA was India's top export market during
120. Ans. B. April-March 2018 with exports reaching USD
The tri-service joint military exercise Indra 47.9 billion, followed by UAE (USD 28.1
Exercise 2018 was conducted between India billion) and Hong Kong (USD 14.7 billion),"
and Russia. the department of commerce said.

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The other key destinations include China, The new telecom policy aims to attract $100
Singapore, UK, Germany, billion investments in the digital
Bangladesh, Vietnam and Nepal. communications sector by 2022.
129. Ans. D. 140. Ans. C.
• Amangarh Tiger Reserve is located in RRBs has to maintain the minimum
Amangarh in Bijnor district in the prescribed Capital to Risk Weighted Assets
state of Uttar Pradesh. Ratio (CRAR) of 9%.
• It is a Tiger Reserve under Project Tiger. 141. Ans. B.
• It is home to tigers, elephants and a Commerce Min approves 15 projects for
wide variety of other wild animals. infrastructure under TIES. TIES is Trade
130. Ans. D. Infrastructure for Export Scheme. Here, TIES
Asteroid Day is observed on 30th June, 2018. is related to export.
131. Ans. C. 142. Ans. E.
Numaligarh Refinery Plant is in Assam. The Motif of Rs. 50 bank notes is Hampi with Chariot.
132. Ans. A. 143. Ans. B.
Noted artist Anjolie Ela Menon had received Paramparagat Krishi Vikas Yojana is related
the National Kalidas Samman in Delhi for to Organic farming.
visual arts from Madhya Pradesh. 144. Ans. C.
133. Ans. C. According to the Socio-Economic Survey, 4%
Swadhaar FinServe Pvt Ltd fully acquired by of Indian houses have mechanised tractors.
RBL Bank. 145. Ans. D.
134. Ans. D. Bank of China has received a license from the
HDI stands for Human Development Index. Reserve Bank of India (RBI) in July 2018 to
Here, H stands for Human. launch operations in India.
135. Ans. A. The Reserve Bank of India has issued license
Rupees 5000 crores approve for dedicated to the Bank of China to start its business in
micro irrigation fund. India. The 106-year-old bank is now set to
The government approved a dedicated Rs open a branch in Mumbai – its first in India.
5,000 crore fund to bring more land area The BoC, which came into existence in 1912,
under micro-irrigation as part of its objective is going to be the second bank of China to
to boost agriculture production and farmers open branch in India. The Industrial and
income. Commercial Bank of China already has a
The fund has been set up under NABARD, branch in Mumbai.
which will provide this amount to States on 146. Ans. B.
concessional rate of interest to promote Under Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code,
micro-irrigation, which currently has a 2016, 90 days of the deadline is given after
coverage of only 10 million hectares as completion of 180 days to a company.
against the potential of 70 million hectares. 147. Ans. C.
136. Ans. D. tal Pension Yojana (APY) was launched in
The World Bank South Asia Economic Focus May 2015 and current number of subscriber
report for Spring 2018 titled ‘Jobless Growth, stands at 1.10 crore.
India must grow at 18% 148. Ans. A.
137. Ans. B. Dynamic fuel pricing of petrol and diesel is
Payments Bank cannot accept NRI deposits. done on Daily Basis.
138. Ans. D. 149. Ans. A.
The RBI is set to roll out a coin of Rs 350 Bharat QR code is developed by National
denomination to mark the 350th Birth Payments Corporation of India (NPCI).
Anniversary of Guru Gobind Singh Ji. BharatQR, developed by NPCI, Mastercard,
139. Ans. C. and Visa, is an integrated payment system in

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India. The system, which was launched used for storing URLs or other information.
in September 2016, facilitates users to These can easily be read by the camera of a
transfer their money from one source to smartphone.
another. The money transferred through 150. Ans. E.
BharatQR is received directly in the user's According to the World Investment Report,
linked bank account. 2018 by the UN Conference on Trade and
About QR Code – Development (UNCTAD), FDI into India
The QR code or Quick Response code is a two- decreased to USD 40 billion last year from
dimensional machine-readable code, which is USD 44 billion in 2016.
made up of black and white squares and is

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