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Roll No.

___________ Name: _______________________

KRL INTSITUE OF TECHNOLOGY, KAHUTA


ELECTRONICS SECOND YEAR
DAE/MID TERM EXAM 2018
ELECTRICAL MACHINES (ELT-243)
PART-A (OBJECTIVE)

Time Allowed: 30 Minutes Marks: 20

Q.1: Encircle the correct answer. Cutting or over writing is not allowed.
1- In A.C. voltage and current regularly change;
A) Polarity B) Direction C) Both A & B D) None of these
2- Formula of Dynamically induced EMF is;
𝑑𝑖 𝑑𝛷
A) L𝑑𝑡 B) N 𝑑𝑡 C) Blvsinθ D) None of these
3- When loop of a simple loop generator is moving perpendicular to the flux line, then voltage is;
A) Minimum B) Maximum C) Zero D) None of these
4- The emf is induced in transformer is called;
A) Dynamically induced EMF B) Statically induced EMF C) Back EMF D) None of these
5- The EMF is induced in the DC generator is;
A) A.C. EMF B) D.C. EMF C) Both A & B D) None of these
6- Fleming’s Right hand rule is applicable on
A) D.C. generator B) A.C. generator C) Both A & B D) None of these
7- The commutator is a device which converts;
A) A.C. into D.C. B) D.C. into A.C. C) Both A & B D) None of these
8- General EMF equation of dc generator;
𝛷𝑍𝑁 𝑃 𝛷𝑍𝑁𝑃 𝛷𝑍𝑁
A) x
60 𝐴
B) 120
C) 60
D) Both B & C
9- The induced e.m.f. in the armature conductor of a d.c. motor is;
A) Sinusoidal B) Trapezoidal C) Rectangular D) Alternating
10- A dc motor can be easily identified by looking at;
A) Frame B) Commutator C) Winding D) Yoke
11- The formula of armature torque is;
9.55𝐸𝑏𝐼𝑎 7.04𝐸𝑏𝐼𝑎
A) 0.159ΦZIa(P/A) N-m B) 𝑁
N-m C) 𝑁
lb-ft D) All of these
12- The formula of shaft torque in MKS system;
9.55𝑥𝑂𝑢𝑡𝑝𝑢𝑡 7.04𝑥𝑂𝑢𝑡𝑝𝑢𝑡
A) B) C) Both A & B D) All of these
𝑁 𝑁
13- Frequency of voltage induced in alternator depends on;
A) No. of poles B) Rotational speed C) Both A & B D) None of these
14- Damper winding is used in large alternator for;
A) Increasing stability of machine B) Decreasing fluctuation in voltage C) Preventing frequency variation
15- A synchronous generator is 4 pole and generating 50 Hz 11KV output voltage. Its rotor is running at a speed of
A) 1450rpm. B) 1500rpm. C) 1800rpm. D) None of these
16- The necessary condition for parallel operation of an alternator is;
A) Terminal voltage must be same B) Phase sequence must be same C) Frequency must be same D) All of these
17- Frequency of emf induced in the rotor of running induction motor is;
A) 50Hz B) Less than applied voltage frequency C) Equal to applied voltage frequency D) None of these
18- A 4-poles, 3-phase, 50Hz induction motor is running at 1450 rpm. Its Slip is;
A) 3.33% B) 5% C) 2% D) 9%
19- Any electrical machine gives maximum efficiency when;
A) Iron losses=Copper losses B) Iron losses more than Copper losses
C) Constant losses=variable losses D) Both A & C
20- A 4-poles 3-phase 60Hz induction motor is running at 1710 rpm. Its rotor frequency is;
A) 3.3Hz B) 5Hz C) 2Hz D) 3Hz
Roll No.___________ Name: _______________________

KRL INTSITUE OF TECHNOLOGY, KAHUTA


ELECTRONICS SECOND YEAR
DAE/MID TERM EXAM 2018
ELECTRICAL MACHINES (ELT-243)
PART-B (SUBJECTIVE)

Time Allowed: 2 ½ Hours SECTION-I Marks: 80


Note: Attempt Any 25 Questions. All Questions Carry Equal Marks. 25x2=50

1. Define Dynamically Induced emf with its formula.


2. Define Statically Induced emf with its formula.
3. Define Lenz’s Law.
4. On which position an induced emf will be maximum in the simple loop generator?
5. State Fleming’s Right Hand rule. What is important point in it?
6. What is the main difference between lap and wave wound generator?
7. If Z=320, Φ=50mWb, P=4, N=900 wave wound armature then find Induced emf.
8. What is an armature?
9. What is a commutator?
10. A 4-pole lap wound armature has Z=480. If the Φ/pole is 50 mWb and generates 240 volts, find the speed?
11. Write the equation and circuit diagram of shunt generator.
12. Enlist the name of D.C. generator characteristics.
13. What is the difference of long shunt and short shunt generator? Draw circuit diagram of each.
14. Which rule is applied in working of D.C. motor?
15. Define back emf with its formula.
16. Define armature torque with its formula.
17. Define shaft torque with its formula.
18. Write the armature torque formulas in different system. (MKS, PFS etc)
19. Write the shaft torque formulas in different system. (MKS, PFS etc)
20. If Z=864, Φ=50mWb, Pole=4, Ia = 110A lap wound armature then find armature torque (Ta).
21. The output of a dc motor is 8.6 H.P. and Speed (N) =500rpm. Find Shaft Torque.
22. What is the relation between speed & frequency of an alternator and write the equation.
23. Draw the circuit diagram of DC exciter method of excitation.
24. What is synchronizing?
25. What are the advantages for parallel operation of alternator?
26. State conditions for parallel operation of alternator.
27. What is the role of damper winding in an alternator?
28. An alternator has 10 poles, 60Hz frequency. What is its speed?
29. An alternator has 50Hz frequency and 1500rm speed. What is the number of poles in it?
30. What is the value of resultant flux at any point in the two phase supply in an induction motor?
31. What is the value of resultant flux at any point in the three phase supply in an induction motor?
32. What is the speed of resultant flux around the stator?
33. What is slip in an induction motor?
34. What is crawling in an induction motor?
35. Why are the slots skewed in the squirrel cage rotor?
36. What is slip speed in an induction motor?
37. If Synchronous speed Ns=1500rpm and Rotor speed N=1455rpm then find out its %Slip.

SECTION-II

NOTE: ATTEMPT ANY THREE QUESTION. 3 X 10 = 30

Q.2 (A) Explain the Faraday’s Laws of electromagnetic induction with equations. (5+5)
(B) Explain the working method of simple loop generator with AC wave form.
Q.3 (A) Derive the EMF equation of dc Generator included wave wound and lap wound.
(B) An eight-pole, lap-wound armature has 960 conductors and a flux per pole of 20 m Wb. (5+5)
Calculate the emf generated when running at 500 rpm.
Q.4 (A) Derive the Torque equation of dc motor included the armature and shaft torque. (5+5)
(B) A 220 volts series motor takes current 35A and runs 500rev/min. Output of machine is 8.6 H.P.
Armature resistance is 0.25 Ω. Series field resistance is 0.3 Ω. Find (a) T a (b) Tsh
Q.5 (A) Explain the importance of stationary armature. (5+5)
(B) Explain the conditions for parallel operation of Alternators.
Q.6 (A) Explain the production of three phase rotating magnetic field in an induction motor. (5+5)
(B) Explain the star delta starter with the help of circuit diagram.