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1/9/2009

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Spreadsheet Revision History

1/22/2009 [ver. 0.1]


Creep Calculation, ver. 0.1
1/22/2009

***All blue fields are used for input.***

by ok

Test problem for "staged construction - various scenarios for 5-story building"

ok
2/9/2009

Created by ok

Visit

https://wiki.csiberkeley.com/x/xZQa

for detailed information about this test problem

nstructions

Macros must be enabled to obtain full functionality of this spreadsheet.

This spreadsheet enable to calculate creep coefficient and shrinkage strain according
to CEP-FIB model code 90.

User's input.
Cell whose content was copied to adjacent cells AS FORMULA.
Key input parameters
Important results.
Four VBA functions listed below are defined in this spreadsheet to calculate the creep
coefficient and shrinkage strain. See comments within the VBA code for additional
details.

Function CreepCoeff(t_0 As Double, t As Double)

Function DeltaCreepCoeff(t_0 As Double, t_beg As Double, t_end As Double)

Function ShrinkageStrain(t_s As Double, t As Double)

Function DeltaShrinkageStrain(t_s As Double, t_beg As Double, t_end As Double)

This spreadsheet was created in the hope that it will be useful, but is distributed
without any warranty from the author and it is intended solely for illustration purporses.

Revision History

First version of the creep calculation spreadsheet.


Calculate creep coefficient based on CEB-FIP Model Code 90 Recalculate

Material properties and creep parameters These parameters are used for functions

Ac = 2250000 mm2 Area of the concrete member


Eci = 39900 MPa Modulus of elasticity of concrete at the a

fck = 56 MPa Used only to calculate fcm as fcm = fck +


fcm = 64 MPa Mean compressive strength of concrete
fcm0 = 10 MPa Code constant

h= 750 mm Notional size of member, h = 2 A


where Ac is cross-section area and u is
h0 = 100 mm Code constant

RH = 60 % Relative humidity of the ambient environ


RH0 = 100 % Code constant

t1 = 1 day Code constant

βH = 150 [1+ (1.2 RH/RH0)^18] h/h0 + 250 = 1378.0418

Creep coefficient calculations

t0 = 7 days Age of structure when load is applied


t= 14 days Age of structure when creep deflection is

Φ(t, t0) = Φ0 βc(t-t0) = 0.3930 [-] Calculated creep coefficient [Eq. 2.1-6
Φ0 = ΦRH β(fcm) β(t0) = 1.9201 [-] Notional creep coefficient
ΦRH = 1 + [1-RH/RH0] / [0.46 (h / h0)^(1/3)] = 1.4442 [-]
β(fcm) = 5.3 / (fcm/fcm0)^0.5 = 2.0950 [-]
β(t0) = 1 / [0.1 + (t0/t1)^0.2] 0.6346 [-]
βc(t-t0) = { (t-t0)/t1 / [βH + (t-t0)/t1] }^0.3 = 0.2047 [-]

creep coefficient via VBA function = #VALUE! creep coefficient calculated using VBA fu

Creep coefficient graph

Creep Coefficient
Coefficient

12
Creep Coefficient
Creep Coefficient

12

10

0
0 2000 4000 6000 8000 1000
Time (days)
meters are used for functions defined in the spreadsheet.

concrete member
elasticity of concrete at the age of 28 days

o calculate fcm as fcm = fck + 8 (MPa)


pressive strength of concrete at the age of 28 days.

e of member, h = 2 Ac / u
is cross-section area and u is perimeter of member in contact with athmosphere

midity of the ambient environment.

cture when load is applied 7


cture when creep deflection is calculated 14

creep coefficient [Eq. 2.1-64]


eep coefficient

cient calculated using VBA function

t0 = 7
t creep coeff
14 #VALUE!
28 #VALUE!
56 #VALUE!
100 #VALUE!
200 #VALUE!
500 #VALUE!
1000 #VALUE!
2000 #VALUE!
5000 #VALUE!
10000 #VALUE!

8000 10000 12000


Calculate shrinkage strain based on CEB-FIP Model Code 90 Recalculate

Material properties and shrinkage parameters These parameters are taken fro

RH = 60 % relative humidity of the ambient


RH0 = 100 % code constant (taken from creep

h= 750 mm Notional size of member, h = 2 A


where Ac is cross-section area
(taken from creep calculations
h0 = 100 mm code constant (taken from creep
t1 = 1 day code constant (taken from creep

fcm = 64 MPa mean compressive strength of c


fcmo = 10 MPa code constant (taken from creep

Shrinkage strain calculations

t= 14 days age of concrete


ts = 7 days age of concrete at the beginning

εcs(t,ts) = εcso * βs(t-ts) = -0.000007 [-] calculated total shrinkage or s


εcso = εs(fcm) * βRH = -0.0003524 [-] notional shrinkage coefficient
εs(fcm) = [ 160 + 10 βsc * (9 - fcm/fcmo) ] * 10^-6 = 0.000290
βsc = 5 [-] coefficient which depends on th
- use 4 for slowly hardening ce
- use 5 for normal or rapid har
- use 8 for rapid hardening hig
βRH = βRH1 or βRH2 = -1.2152 use βRH1 for 40% <= RH < 99 an
βRH1 = -1.55 βsRH = -1.2152
βsRH = 1 - (RH/RH0)^3 = 0.784 [-]
βRH2 = + 0.25 = 0.25 [-]

βs(t-ts) = { [ (t-ts)/t1 ] / [ 350(h/h0)^2 + (t - ts)/t1 ] }^0.5 = 0.0188528 [-] coefficient to describe developm

shrinkage strain via VBA function = #VALUE! shrinkage strain calculated via V

Shrinkage strain graph

Shrinkage Strain
rinkage Strain

12

10
Shrinkage Strain Shrinkage Strain

12

10

0
0 2000 4000 6000
Time (days) 8000 10000 12
These parameters are taken from the "Creep" tab and are used for functions in this spreadsheet

relative humidity of the ambient environment (taken from creep calculations)


code constant (taken from creep calculations)

Notional size of member, h = 2 Ac / u


where Ac is cross-section area and u is perimeter of member in contact with athmosphere
(taken from creep calculations)
code constant (taken from creep calculations)
code constant (taken from creep calculations)

mean compressive strength of concrete at the age of 28 days (taken from creep calculations)
code constant (taken from creep calculations)

age of concrete
age of concrete at the beginning of shrinkage or swelling

calculated total shrinkage or swelling strains


notional shrinkage coefficient

coefficient which depends on the type of cement:


- use 4 for slowly hardening cement, SL
- use 5 for normal or rapid hardening cements N and R
- use 8 for rapid hardening high strenght cements RS
use βRH1 for 40% <= RH < 99 and βRH2 for RH >=99%

coefficient to describe development of shrinkage with time

shrinkage strain calculated via VBA function

ts = 7
t shrinkage strain
7 #VALUE!
28 #VALUE!
56 #VALUE!
100 #VALUE!
200 #VALUE!
500 #VALUE!
1000 #VALUE!
2000 #VALUE!
5000 #VALUE!
10000 #VALUE!

10000 12000
Verify SAP2000 results for "LOAD" load case:
- creep not considered
- newly added joints are placed to undeformed position

Deformation of 1 story due to applied load = 0.020607 mm


(from "(DEF) LOAD+CR" tab)

Stage Story Story Joint 1 (add all Joint 2 (add all Joint 3 (add all
Deformation deformations of deformations of deformations of
story 1) stories 1 and 2 stories 1-3 after
after story 1 is story 2 is erected)
erected)

1 1 0.0206070732 0.020607
2 1 0.0206070732 0.020607 0.020607
2 2 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.020607
3 1 0.0206070732 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607
3 2 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.020607 0.020607
3 3 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.000000 0.020607
4 1 0.0206070732 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607
4 2 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.020607 0.020607
4 3 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.000000 0.020607
4 4 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.000000 0.000000
5 1 0.0206070732 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607
5 2 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.020607 0.020607
5 3 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.000000 0.020607
5 4 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.000000 0.000000
5 5 0.0206070732 0.000000 0.000000 0.000000

0.103035 0.164857 0.185464


Joint 4 (add all Joint 5 (add all
deformations of deformations of
stories 1-4 after stories 1-5 after
story 3 is erected) story 4 is erected)

0.020607
0.020607
0.020607
0.020607
0.020607 0.020607
0.020607 0.020607
0.020607 0.020607
0.020607 0.020607
0.000000 0.020607

0.164857 0.103035
Verify SAP2000 results for "(DEF) LOAD" load case:
- creep not considered
- newly added joints are placed to deformed position, using ghost structure

Deformation of 1 story due to applied load = 0.020607 mm


(from "(DEF) LOAD+CR" tab)

Deformation of each story (column segment) in each stage Joint displacements for "(DEF) LOAD" load
(to obtain joint displacement, sum deformat

Story stage 1 stage 2 stage 3 stage 4 stage 5 Joint/Top stage 1


of Story

5 0.020607 5 0.020607
4 0.020607 0.020607 4 0.020607
3 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 3 0.020607
2 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 2 0.020607
1 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 1 0.020607
acements for "(DEF) LOAD" load case
joint displacement, sum deformation of all stories up to the current story, for all stages up to the current stage)

stage 2 stage 3 stage 4 stage 5

0.061821 0.123642 0.206071 0.309106


0.061821 0.123642 0.206071 0.288499
0.061821 0.123642 0.185464 0.247285
0.061821 0.103035 0.14425 0.185464
0.041214 0.061821 0.082428 0.103035
Verify SAP2000 results for "LOAD+CR" load case: Recalculate
- creep considered
- newly added joints are placed to undeformed position

creep related data

Stage Name (start Stage Number Joint/story at Load causes Creep only? t0 (age at tbeg (age
day - end day) (corresponds to which load is deformation time when at start of
story added for applied: of story: the load is stage)
stages 1-5) applied)

[days] [days]

Stage 1 (7-14) 1 1 1 7 7
Stage 2 (14-21) 2 1 1 creep only 7 14
2 2 1 14 14
2 2 2 7 7
Stage 3 (21-28) 3 1 1 creep only 7 21
3 2 1 creep only 14 21
3 2 2 creep only 7 14
3 3 1 21 21
3 3 2 14 14
3 3 3 7 7
Stage 4 (28-35) 4 1 1 creep only 7 28
4 2 1 creep only 14 28
4 2 2 creep only 7 21
4 3 1 creep only 21 28
4 3 2 creep only 14 21
4 3 3 creep only 7 14
4 4 1 28 28
4 4 2 21 21
4 4 3 14 14
4 4 4 7 7
Stage 5 (35-42) 5 1 1 creep only 7 35
5 2 1 creep only 14 35
5 2 2 creep only 7 28
5 3 1 creep only 21 35
5 3 2 creep only 14 28
5 3 3 creep only 7 21
5 4 1 creep only 28 35
5 4 2 creep only 21 28
5 4 3 creep only 14 21
5 4 4 creep only 7 14
5 5 1 35 35
5 5 2 28 28
5 5 3 21 21
5 5 4 14 14
5 5 5 7 7
Stage 6 (42-~1970) 6 1 1 creep only 7 42
6 2 1 creep only 14 42
6 2 2 creep only 7 35
6 3 1 creep only 21 42
6 3 2 creep only 14 35
6 3 3 creep only 7 28
6 4 1 creep only 28 42
6 4 2 creep only 21 35
6 4 3 creep only 14 28
6 4 4 creep only 7 21
6 5 1 creep only 35 42
6 5 2 creep only 28 35
6 5 3 creep only 21 28
6 5 4 creep only 14 21
6 5 5 creep only 7 14

Double check "LOAD+CR" load case using the above


table. (This corresponds to a situation when joints are
placed in defomred position.):

story total story cummulative


deformation displacement
(joints placed
in deformed
position)

1 #VALUE! #VALUE!
2 #VALUE! #VALUE!
3 #VALUE! #VALUE!
4 #VALUE! #VALUE!
5 #VALUE! #VALUE!
ep related data story deformation calculate displacements for joints 1-5 (for joints added to undeform

tend (age delta rho elastic creep total Joint 1 (add all Joint 2 (add all
at end of (creep deformations of deformations of
stage) coefficient) story 1) stories 1 and 2
after story 1 is
erected)
[days] [mm] [mm] [mm]

14 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


21 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
14 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
35 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
35 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
35 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
35 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
21 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
14 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
42 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
42 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
35 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
42 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
35 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
42 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
35 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
21 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
42 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
35 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
28 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
21 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
14 #VALUE! 0.0206 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
1977 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1977 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1970 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
1977 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1970 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
1963 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
1977 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1970 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
1963 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
1956 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
1977 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
1970 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 #VALUE!
1963 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
1956 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000
1949 #VALUE! 0.0000 #VALUE! #VALUE! 0.000000 0.000000

#VALUE! #VALUE!
(joint 1 final UZ) (joint 2 final UZ)
r joints 1-5 (for joints added to undeformed position) (in progress)

Joint 3 (add all Joint 4 (add all Joint 5 (add all


deformations of deformations of deformations of
stories 1-3 after stories 1-4 after stories 1-5 after
story 2 is erected) story 3 is erected) story 4 is erected)

#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000000 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000000 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000000 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000000 0.000000 #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000000 #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000000 #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.000000 0.000000 #VALUE!

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


(joint 3 final UZ) (joint 4 final UZ) (joint 5 final UZ)
Creep.SDB this tab contains original calculations for the "LOAD+CR" load case by rs
KN,mm,C

Area = 2250000
Eci = 39.9
fck = 0.056
fcm = 0.064
h= 750
RH = 60
L= 3700

Force P = 500
Stress sc = 0.0002222

Strain eci = 5.569E-06 Elastic

Strain ecc(t,t0) = sc(t0) * F(t,t0) / Eci t = Age at end of stage


F(t,t0) = F0 * B(t - t0)
t0 = 7 14 21 28 35
F0 = FRH * B(fcm) * B(t0) t= 14
FRH = 1.4442374 1.4442374 1.4442374 1.4442374 1.4442374 t= 21
B(fcm) = 2.0950089 2.0950089 2.0950089 2.0950089 2.0950089 t= 28
B(t0) = 0.6346091 0.5570353 0.5158851 0.4884495 0.468128 t= 35
F0 = 1.9201305 1.6854164 1.5609084 1.477897 1.4164102 t= 42
t= 1970
B(t-t0) = (((t - t0)/1)/(BH + (t - t0)/1))^0.3
BH = 1378.0418

Level 1 Level 2 Level 3 Level 4 Level 5


Stage 1
Elastic 0.0206071
Total step 1 0.0206071
Creep, Stage 1 load 0.0080991
Total step 2 0.0287062

Stage 2
Elastic 0.0206071 0.0206071
Total step 3 0.0493133 0.0412141
Creep, Stage 1 load 0.001857
Creep, Stage 2 load 0.0071091 0.0080991
Total step 4 0.0582793 0.0582793

Stage 3
Elastic 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071
Total step 5 0.0788864 0.0994935 0.0618212
Creep, Stage 1 load 0.0012709
Creep, Stage 2 load 0.00163 0.001857
Creep, Stage 3 load 0.0065839 0.0071091 0.0080991
Total step 6 0.0883712 0.1179444 0.0883712
Stage 4
Elastic 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071
Total step 7 0.1089783 0.1591585 0.1501924 0.0824283
Creep, Stage 1 load 0.0009937
Creep, Stage 2 load 0.0011155 0.0012709
Creep, Stage 3 load 0.0015096 0.00163 0.001857
Creep, Stage 4 load 0.0062338 0.0065839 0.0071091 0.0080991
Total step 8 0.1188309 0.1784959 0.1784959 0.1188309

Stage 5
Elastic 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071
Total step 9 0.1394379 0.21971 0.2403171 0.2012592 0.1030354
Creep, Stage 1 load 0.0008266
Creep, Stage 2 load 0.0008722 0.0009937
Creep, Stage 3 load 0.0010331 0.0011155 0.0012709
Creep, Stage 4 load 0.0014293 0.0015096 0.00163 0.001857
Creep, Stage 5 load 0.0059744 0.0062338 0.0065839 0.0071091 0.0080991
Total step 10 0.1495736 0.2396983 0.2697902 0.2396983 0.1495736

Stage 6
Elastic 0 0 0 0 0
Total step 11 0.1495736 0.2396983 0.2697902 0.2396983 0.1495736
Creep, Stage 1 load 0.020686
Creep, Stage 2 load 0.0188698 0.0215126
Creep, Stage 3 load 0.0182714 0.019742 0.0225063
Creep, Stage 4 load 0.0182663 0.0193046 0.0208576 0.0237772
Creep, Stage 5 load 0.018865 0.0196956 0.0208141 0.0224876 0.0256342
Total step 12 0.2445322 0.4149117 0.5091816 0.5253544 0.4608639
ad case by rs

t = Age at end of stage


ucc(t,t0) = F(t,t0) * eci * L = F0 * B(t - t0) * eci * L
7 14 21 28 35 t0 = Age at start of stage when load applied
0.0080991 0 0 0 0
0.0099561 0.0071091 0 0 0
0.011227 0.0087391 0.0065839 0 0
0.0122207 0.0098546 0.0080935 0.0062338 0
0.0130473 0.0107268 0.0091266 0.0076631 0.0059744
0.0337333 0.0295967 0.0273981 0.0259294 0.0248394

Elastic displacement due to stage 1 load

Stage 1 creep due to stage 1 load

Elastic displacement due to stage 2 load

Stage 2 creep due to stage 1 load


Stage 2 creep due to stage 2 load

Elastic displacement due to stage 3 load

Stage 3 creep due to stage 1 load


Stage 3 creep due to stage 2 load
Stage 3 creep due to stage 3 load
Elastic displacement due to stage 4 load

Stage 4 creep due to stage 1 load


Stage 4 creep due to stage 2 load
Stage 4 creep due to stage 3 load
Stage 4 creep due to stage 4 load

Elastic displacement due to stage 5 load

Stage 5 creep due to stage 1 load


Stage 5 creep due to stage 2 load
Stage 5 creep due to stage 3 load
Stage 5 creep due to stage 4 load
Stage 5 creep due to stage 5 load

Stage 6 creep due to stage 1 load


Stage 6 creep due to stage 2 load
Stage 6 creep due to stage 3 load
Stage 6 creep due to stage 4 load
Stage 6 creep due to stage 5 load
load applied
Verify SAP2000 results for "(DEF1) LOAD+CR" load case:
- creep considered
- newly added joints are placed to deformed position, using ghost structure with change modifiers only
(this causes incorrect age of concrete for newly added segments, as this age is counted from the first stage)

t0 = 7 days Age of structure when load is applied


t= 14 days Age of structure when creep deflection is calculated
creep coefficient = #VALUE!

L= 3700 mm Length of the member


Pnew = 500 kN Newly applied force at t0 (causes elastic deformation)
Ptotal = 500 kN Total force acting at time t0 (causes creep)

Δtotal(t, t0) = Δci(t0) + Δcc(t, t0) = #VALUE! mm Total elastic and creep displacement at time t
Δci(t0) = εci(t0) * L = 0.021 mm Initial elastic displacement
εci (t0) = σc,new (t0) / Eci = 5.57E-06 [-] Initial elastic strain at time t0
σc,new(t0) = Pnew / Ac = 0.222222 MPa Elastic stress at time t0 due to newly applied loads

Δcc(t, t0) = εcc(t, t0) * L = #VALUE! mm Displacement due to creep at time t


εcc(t, t0) = σc,total(t0) / Eci * Φ(t, t0) = #VALUE! [-] Creep strain at time t > t0
σc,total(t0) = Ptotal / Ac = 0.222222 MPa Total stress acting on section at time t0
Story 1 Story 2
Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5&6 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5&6
Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads

7 14 21 28 35 14 21 28 35
ection is calculated 1977 1977 1977 1977 1977 1977 1977 1977 1977
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700


s elastic deformation) 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500
500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500

ment at time t #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607
5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06
ewly applied loads 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222

#VALUE! #VALUE!
(joint 1 final (joint 2 final
UZ) UZ)
Story 3 Story 4 Story 5
Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5&6 Stage 4 Stage 5&6 Stage 5&6
Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads

21 28 35 28 35 35
1977 1977 1977 1977 1977 1977
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700


500 500 500 500 500 500
500 500 500 500 500 500

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607 0.020607
5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06 5.57E-06
0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222 0.222222

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


(joint 3 final (joint 5 final (joint 5 final
UZ) UZ) UZ)
Verify SAP2000 results for "(DEF2) LOAD+CR" load case:
- creep considered
- newly added joints are placed to deformed position, using ghost structure with change modifiers and remove/add
(this enables to use correct age of concete for newly added segments)

t0 = 7 days Age of structure when load is applied


t= 14 days Age of structure when creep deflection is calculated
creep coefficient = #VALUE!

L= 3700 mm Length of the member


Pnew = 500 kN Newly applied force at t0 (causes elastic deformation)
Ptotal = 500 kN Total force acting at time t0 (causes creep)

Δtotal(t, t0) = Δci(t0) + Δcc(t, t0) = #VALUE! mm Total elastic and creep displacement at time t
Δci(t0) = εci(t0) * L = 0.021 mm Initial elastic displacement
εci (t0) = σc,new (t0) / Eci = 5.569E-06 [-] Initial elastic strain at time t0
σc,new(t0) = Pnew / Ac = 0.2222222 MPa Elastic stress at time t0 due to newly applied loads

Δcc(t, t0) = εcc(t, t0) * L = #VALUE! mm Displacement due to creep at time t


εcc(t, t0) = σc,total(t0) / Eci * Φ(t, t0) = #VALUE! [-] Creep strain at time t > t0
σc,total(t0) = Ptotal / Ac = 0.2222222 MPa Total stress acting on section at time t
odifiers and remove/add

Story 1 Story 2
Stage 1 Stage 2 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5&6 Stage 2 Stage 3
Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads

oad is applied 7 14 21 28 35 7 14
reep deflection is calculated 1977 1977 1977 1977 1977 1970 1970
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700


0
(causes elastic deformation) 500 500 500 500 500 500 500
e t0 (causes creep) 500 500 500 500 500 500 500

displacement at time t #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.0206071 0.02060707 0.02060707
5.569E-06 5.569E-06 5.569E-06 5.569E-06 5.569E-06 5.5695E-06 5.5695E-06
due to newly applied loads 0.2222222 0.2222222 0.2222222 0.2222222 0.2222222 0.22222222 0.22222222

eep at time t #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
ection at time t0 0.2222222 0.2222222 0.2222222 0.2222222 0.2222222 0.22222222 0.22222222

#VALUE!
(joint 1 final
UZ)
Story 2 Story 3 Story 4 Story 5
Stage 4 Stage 5&6 Stage 3 Stage 4 Stage 5&6 Stage 4 Stage 5&6 Stage 5&6
Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads Loads

21 28 7 14 21 7 14 7
1970 1970 1963 1963 1963 1956 1956 1949
#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!

3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700 3700


500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500
500 500 500 500 500 500 500 500

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


0.02060707 0.02060707 0.02060707 0.02060707 0.02060707 0.02060707 0.02060707 0.02060707
5.5695E-06 5.5695E-06 5.5695E-06 5.5695E-06 5.5695E-06 5.5695E-06 5.5695E-06 5.5695E-06
0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!
0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222 0.22222222

#VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE! #VALUE!


(joint 2 final (joint 3 final (joint 5 final (joint 5 final
UZ) UZ) UZ) UZ)