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Preliminary Examination

Higher 2 9740/02

Paper 2

Monday 20 September 2010 3 hours

Additional materials : Answer paper

List of Formulae(MF15)
Cover Sheet


Write your name, civics group and index number on all the work you hand in.
Write in dark blue or black pen on both sides of the paper.
You may use a soft pencil for any diagrams or graphs.

Answer all the questions. Total marks : 100

Give non-exact numerical answers correct to 3 significant figures, or 1 decimal place in

the case of angles in degrees, unless a different level of accuracy is specified in the

You are expected to use a graphic calculator.

Unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are allowed unless a question specifically
state otherwise.
Where unsupported answers from a graphic calculator are not allowed in a question, you are
required to present the mathematic steps using mathematical notations and not calculator
You are reminded of the need for clear presentation in your answers.

The number of marks is given in brackets [ ] at the end of each question or part question.
At the end of the examination, fasten all your work securely together.

This document consists of 6 printed pages including this page.

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Section A: Pure Mathematics [40 marks]

1 
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1 The diagram below shows a rectangle tank where AG =  2  and AC is parallel to the
 4
 
vector  1  .
 




(i) Find the length of projection of AG onto the line passing through A and C. [2]
(ii) Given that GI : IC = 3: 2 , find AI . [2]
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(iii) Find the acute angle between AG and GC . [2]

2 In a chemical reaction a compound X is formed from a compound Y. The mass in grams

of X and Y present at time t seconds after the start of the reaction are x and y
respectively. The sum of the two masses is equal to 100 grams throughout the reaction.
At any time t, the rate of formation of X is proportional to the mass of Y at that time.
When t = 0, x = 5 and = 1.9 .

(i) dx
Show that x satisfies the differential equation = 0.02(100 − x) . [2]

(ii) Solve this differential equation, obtaining an expression for x in terms of t. [4]

(iii) Calculate the time taken for the mass of compound Y to decrease to half its initial

(iv) Sketch the solution curve obtained in part (ii) and state what happens to
compounds X and Y as t becomes very large.

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3 (a) Indicate clearly on a single Argand diagram, the locus of z that satisfy
0 ≤ arg( z + 1 − i) ≤ and z − i = 2 .
Hence, find the complex number z , in the form x + iy, for which arg( z + 1) = ,
leaving your answer in exact form. [6]

(b)  3π 3π   π π
Consider the complex number w = 2  cos + i sin   cos − i sin  .
 4 4  6 6

(i) Find the exact values of the modulus and argument of w. Hence, express w
in modulus-argument form.

(ii) Find the possible value(s) of wn , when n is a multiple of 4. [2]

4. The curve C has equation y = f ( x ) , where f ( x ) = 2
x +1

(i) Using a non-calculator method, find, in simplest form, the exact coordinates of the
turning points of C . [3]

(ii) Sketch the curve C , indicating clearly any axis intercept(s) and asymptote(s). [2]
(iii) Given that n > 0 , show that ∫ f ( x ) dx =
2 ln ( n 2 + 1) . Hence deduce the exact
value of ∫ −2
f ( x ) dx . [3]

(iv) Sketch on a separate diagram, the graph of g ( x ) = f ( x ) , labeling clearly any

stationary point(s) and asymptote(s).

The region R is bounded by the curve y = g(x), the lines x = 0 , x = 1 and the
x-axis. Find, in exact form, the volume generated when R is rotated completely
about the x-axis. [4]

Section B: Statistics [60 marks]

5 ABC College has a student population of 1800, of whom 60% are female students and
40% are male students.

The College intends to get a sample of 100 student volunteers to take part in a survey on
the College’s National Education Programme.

(i) Comment whether such a sample consisting of all the volunteers is likely to give a
true picture of the opinions of all the students about the College’s National
Education Programme. [1]

(ii) Suggest a method of obtaining a more representative sample and describe how it
may be carried out.

6 James has 9 marbles, 4 of them are red, 3 of them are blue, and 2 of them are yellow.
He arranged these marbles on a straight line. All marbles are identical except for their

Find the number of ways that the marbles can be arranged if

(a) there are no restrictions, [1]

(b) the arrangement is symmetrical about the centre marble,

(e.g. R-R-Y-B-B-B-Y-R-R) [2]

(c) each blue marble is between two marbles of the same colour.
(e.g. Y-B-Y or R-B-R) [4]

7 (a) A & B are two events with non-zero probability. Explain if each of the following
statements is necessarily true, necessarily false, or neither necessarily true nor
necessarily false.

(i) If A & B are mutually exclusive, then they are independent. [1]

(ii) If A & B are independent, then they are mutually exclusive. [1]

(b) A teacher brings 4 black, 3 blue, 2 red and 1 green markers to the classroom for
each of his lessons. Unknown to him, the probabilities that a black, blue, red or
1 1 1
green marker is out of ink are p , p, p and p respectively, where
2 4 8
0 < p < 1.

(i) Find, in terms of p, the probability that a randomly chosen marker from his
set of ten markers is out of ink. [2]

(ii) In the classroom, the first marker he tries out is out of ink. Find, in terms of
p, the probability that the next marker he tries out is a red marker that is also
out of ink. [3]

(iii) After numerous lessons, the teacher realised that, in general, the first marker
he tries out works at least 7 out of 10 times. Find the range of possible values
of p. [2]

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8 (a) A secret source claims that 0.3% of the residents in the suburbs of Zozoland are
spies from Buzzland. If the claim were true, what is the probability, using a
suitable approximation, that there are at least five spies living in a Zozoland suburb
of 1200 residents? [3]

(b) Another independent source (assumed to be reliable) claims that there is an average
of 1.3 Buzzland spies and 0.4 Dodoland spies in a typical Zozoland city.

(i) The investigation bureau will only do extensive combing of a city where
there are more than five spies present. Given that there are 10,000 Zozoland
cities, estimate the number of cities that will be under investigation. [3]

(ii) The bureau investigated a certain number of cities and caught 23 Buzzland
spies and 11 Dodoland spies. Find the most likely number of cities that had
been investigated, stating an assumption needed for your calculation in the
context of the question. [4]

9 Marine biologists discovered that in a remote island off Philippines, a type of algae is
growing at an exponential rate and is threatening the marine life in the region. The
growth of the algae was collected over a period of 10 years and was recorded as follows
(measured as cell density in millions).

Year (x) 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Cell density(y) 1.21 1.66 2.83 4.35 4.91 6.55 8.01 9.66 12.72 18.01

(i) The relationship between the year, x, and the cell density recorded as y, are related
by y = ae , where a and b are unknown constants. By plotting a scatter diagram,
comment on the relationship between x and ln y.

(ii) Find the estimated regression line of ln y on x. Hence calculate estimates of a and
b. [3]

(iii) Estimate the cell density at Year 12. Comment on the reliability of your answer. [2]

(iv) Estimate the year at which the cell density is at 7 million. Comment on the choice
of your regression line. [2]

10 (a) In a manufacturing company, the mean salary of its employees is S$30,000.

The salary structure of the company is such that only 20% of the employees earn
higher than the mean salary. Explain whether the use of Normal distribution to
model the salary distribution of the employees in this company is appropriate. [2]

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(b) Anne travels to work each day by bus. The total time, TA in minutes for Anne’s
journey to her office, is a normal random variable with a mean of 55 and a variance
of 25.

Ben drives to work every day. The total time, TB in minutes, that Ben spends
driving to work is a normal random variable with a mean of 53 and a variance of

(i) Find the probability that the average of the individual times taken by Anne
and Ben to travel to work in a day is between 50 to 60 minutes. [2]

(ii) Find the greatest value of a, if the probability that Ben’s travel time differs
from 53 minutes by at most a minutes is not more than 0.6.

(iii) Using a suitable approximation, calculate the probability, that for a randomly
chosen period of 60 days, there are at least 43 days on which Anne will take
longer than Ben to travel to work.

11 (a) A water treatment plant monitors their drinking water from their storage tanks on
an hourly basis. The water must maintain a pH level of 8.5 (they try to maintain an
alkaline level) for it to be ‘drinkable’. At 0800 hours, they recorded the following
pH level from 11 of their tanks:
Tank 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11
pH level 8.31 8.41 8.51 8.46 8.52 8.48 8.33 8.1 8.39 8.42 8.52

(i) Using an appropriate test, determine at 1% level of significance, if this

sample provides sufficient evidence that the mean pH level of the water
differs from 8.5?

(ii) State an assumption necessary for the test in a(i) to be valid. [1]

(b) At 1500 hours, a random sample was recorded from 80 tanks. Denoting the pH
level readings by x, the results are summarized as follows:

∑ ( x − 8.5) = −15.2 , ∑ ( x − 8.5) 2

= 232.2

(i) Find the unbiased estimate of the population mean and variance. [2]

(ii) Another sample of n (assume n is large) readings was recorded. Using the
unbiased estimate of the population mean and variance found in (b)(i), find
the least value of n so that the probability that this sample mean has a pH
reading of less than 8.2 is less than 0.3. [5]

End of Paper

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