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# DESIGN OF CIRCULAR TANK FOR CAPACITY OF 150 KL & 12 M STAGING IN

## Tank capacity 150000 ltr or = 150 m3

Height of tower from G.L. 12.0 m foundation from G.L. = 1.50 mtr
Live load on Top Slab 1.50 kN/m2 Finishes load = 0.10 kN/m2
Intencity of wind 1.50 kN/m2 wt of water = 10 kN/mm3
Noumber of columns 8 No. Bearing capcity of earth = 100 kN/m2
Conrete M- 25 wt. of concrete = 24 kN/mm3
s cb 8.5 N/mm2 m = 11
sct 6 N/mm2 Q = 0.897
Steel HYSD fy 415 N/mm2 Tensile stess = 150 N/mm2
Resistance to cracking s cb 1.2 N/mm 2 s cb = 1.7 N/mm2
Nominal cover 25 mm Effective cover = 35 mm

## 2 Design Constants:-For HYSD Bars Cocrete M = 25 wt. of concrete = 24 kN/mm3

for water Tank sst = 150 N/mm2 sst = 230 N/mm2
scb = 8.5 N/mm2 m = 11
k= 0.384 k= 0.289
J= 0.872 J= 0.904
R= 1.423 R= 1.436
3 Dimention of tank:-
D = Inside diameter of tank Assuming the average depth = 0.70 D
We have, p x D2
x 0.70 D = 150 m3 D "= 6.486 Say 6.50 m
4
\ Height of cylindrical portion of tank = 0.70 x 6.49 = 4.55 m
Diameter of supporting tower = 6.90 m
Spacing of bracing = 3.00 m

## 4 Design of top slab:-

The slab is designed as clamped at the edges.
Assumed thickness of top slab 1000 / 10 = 100 +2*cover or 100 + 50 = 150 mm
Live Load on top slab = 6.50 x 2 x 1000 = 9750 N
Self weight of slab = 0.15 x 1 x 1 x 24000 = 3600 N
Total weight = 13350 N
+1.pa2 1
Circumferential moment: (MF)c = = x 13350 x 3.25 2
= 8813 N-m
16 16
(MF)e = 0
+1.pa2
Radial moment: (Mr)c = = 8813 N-m
16
-2.pa2
(Mr)e = = -17626 N-m
16
1pa 1
Shear force = Fr = = x 13350 x 3.25 = 21693.75 N
2 2
1p(a3 - 3x r2) a 3.25
Mr = 0 = or = r = = = 1.88 m
16 Ö3 1.73205
(i.e. distance of point of contraflexures = 3.25 - 1.88 = 1.37 m form edge)

Ö Ö
(Mr)cx1000 17626 x 1000
D= = = 111 mm
1000 x R 1000 x 1.42

## using 16 mmf bars total thickness required= d + cover + f / 2

= 111 + 25 + 8 = 144 = say 150 mm
Available d = 150 - 25 - 8 = 117 mm
17626 x 1000
Ast for negative B.M. = = 1152 mm2
150 x 0.872 x 117
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 16 x 16
using 16 mm bars A = = = 201 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x 201 / 1152 = 174 say = 170 mm
Hence Provided 16 mm F bar, @ 170 mm c/c from the edge to a distance of 1.40 m
at the water face of the slab. Provide two ring of above reinforcement to supports these.

## check for shear :-

Fr = 21694 N
Fr 21694
\ tv = = = 0.19 N/mm2
b.d 1000 x 117
100 As 100 x 1152
= 0.77 %
b.d 1000 x 150 =
Hence for M 25 concrete and for 1.33% steel we get tc = 0.35 N/mm2
here tc > tv i.e. 0.35 > 0.19 N/mm2 Hence the slab is safe in shear
Positive B.M. using 16 mm f bars. availble d = 150 - 25 - 8 = 117 mm for one layer.
and for other layer = 117 - 16 = 101 mm
Reinfrcement for positive
8813 x 1000.00
Mr and MF is given by. Ast = = 667 mm2
150 x 0.872 x 101
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 16 x 16
using 16 mm bars A = = = 201 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x 201 / 667 = 301 say = 300 mm
Hence Provided 16 mm F bar, @ 300 mm c/c in both direction .

## 5 Design of Cylendrical Tank wall :-

Since dome roof has been design on membrane the analysis, the tank wall may be assumed to be free on
top and bottom, Maximum hoop tension occurs at the base of wall,
wHD 10 x 4.55 x 6.50
Maximum hoop tension at base= = = 147.875 kN/m height
2 2
Area of ring Req. = 147875 / 150 = 986 mm per meter height
2 or 493 mm2 both side
1.14 x 986
To resist the hoop tension at 1.1 mtere below top, Ash = 246.5 mm2
5
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 8 x 8
using 8 mm bars A = = = 50 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
1000 x 50.2
\ spacing of 8 mm f rings = = 408 mm
246.5 / 2
Hence Provided 8 mm F bar, @ 400 mm c/c both direction from top 0 to 1.1 mtr from top
2.28 x 986
To resist the hoop tension at 2.3 mtere below top, A sh = 493 mm2
5
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 10 x 10
using 10 mm bars A = = = 79 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
1000 x 79
\ spacing of 10 mm f rings = = 319 mm
493 / 2
Hence Provided 10 mm F bar, @ 310 mm c/c both direction from top 1.1 to 2.3 mtr from top
4.55 x 986
To resist the hoop tension at 4.6 mtere below top, Ash = 986 mm2
5
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 12 x 12
using 12 mm bars A = = = 113 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
1000 x 113.04
\ spacing of 12 mm f rings = = 229 mm
986 / 2
Hence Provided 12 mm F bar, @ 220 mm c/c both direction from top 2.3 to 4.6 mtr from top
1000 x 113
Actual , Ast = 2 x = 1028 mm 2
220
The spacing of ring may be increased towards the top, since pressure varies lineearly
Using a tensile stress of 1.2N/mm2 for the the combined section ,
147.875 x 1000
thickness T is given by= = 1.2
1000 T +( 11 x 1028 )
\ From which T = 110 mm say = 150 mm
Hence provided = 150 mm, at bottom and 200 mm at top Av thickness = 175 mm
Distribution reinforcement
0.30
At top , Ast = x 200 x 1000 = 600 mm2
100
Provide half the reinfocement near each face, Asd = 300 mm2
3.14xdia 2
3.14 x 10 x 10
using 10 mm bars A = = = 79 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
The spacing of 10 mm f bars = 1000 x 79 / 300 = 260 mm c/c
Hence Provided 10 mm F bar, @ 260 mm c/c both direction from top 0 to 1.1 mtr from top
0.30
At middle , Ast = x 175 x 1000 = 525 mm2
100
Provide half the reinfocement near each face, Asd = 263 mm2
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 10 x 10
using 10 mm bars A = = = 79 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
The spacing of 10 mm f bars = 1000 x 79 / 263 = 290 mm c/c
Hence Provided 10 mm F bar, @ 290 mm c/c both direction from top 1.1 to 2.3 mtr from top
0.30
At bottom , Ast = x 150 x 1000 = 450 mm 2
100
Provide half the reinfocement near each face, Asd = 225 mm 2

3.14xdia2 3.14 x 10 x 10
using 10 mm bars A = = = 79 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
The spacing of 10 mm f bars = 1000 x 79 / 225 = 340 mm c/c
Hence Provided 10 mm F bar, @ 340 mm c/c both direction from top 2.3 to 4.6 meter upto
Keep clear cover 25 mm
6 Design of base slab:-
The bottom slab is designed as clamped at the edges.
Assumed thickness of base slab 4550 / 10 = 455 +2*cover or 455 + 25 = 480 mm
Weight of water per m2 of slab = 4.55 x 1 x 1 x 10000 = 45500 N
Self weight of slab = 0.48 x 1 x 1 x 24000 = 11520 N
Total weight = 57020 N
+1.pa2 1
Circumferential moment: (MF)c = = x 57020 x 3.25 2
= 37642 N-m
16 16
(MF)e = 0
+1.pa2
Radial moment: (Mr)c = = 37642 N-m
16
-2.pa2
(Mr)e = = -75284 N-m
16
1pa 1
Shear force = Fr = = x 57020 x 3.25 = 92657.5 N
2 2
1p(a3 - 3x r2) a 3.25
Mr = 0 = or = r = = = 1.88 m
16 Ö3 1.73205
(i.e. distance of point of contraflexures = 3.25 - 1.88 = 1.37 m form edge)

Ö Ö
(Mr)cx1000 75284 x 1000
D= = = 230 mm
1000 x R 1000 x 1.42

## using 20 mmf bars total thickness required= d + cover + f / 2

= 230 + 25 + 10 = 265 = say 270 mm
Available d = 270 - 25 - 10 = 235 mm
75284 x 1000
Ast for negative B.M. = = 2449 mm2
150 x 0.872 x 235
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20
using 20 mm bars A = = = 314 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x 314 / 2449 = 128 say = 120 mm
Hence Provided 20 mm F bar, @ 120 mm c/c from the edge to a distance of 1.40 m
at the water face of the slab. Provide two ring of above reinforcement to supports these.

## check for shear :-

Fr = 92658 N
Fr 92658
\ tv = = = 0.39 N/mm2
b.d 1000 x 235
100 As 100 x 2449
= 0.91 %
b.d 1000 x 270 =
Hence for M 25 concrete and for 1.33% steel we get tc = 0.37 N/mm2
here tc < tv i.e. 0.37 < 0.39 N/mm2
Hence the slab is not safe in shear
Positive B.M. using 16 mm f bars. availble d = 270 - 25 - 8 = 237 mm for one layer.
and for other layer = 237 - 16 = 221 mm
Reinfrcement for positive
37642 x 1000.00
Mr and MF is given by. Ast = = 1302 mm2
150 x 0.872 x 221
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 16 x 16
using 16 mm bars A = = = 201 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
Spacing of Bars = 1000 x 201 / 1302 = 154 say = 150 mm
Hence Provided 16 mm F bar, @ 150 mm c/c in both direction .
7 Design of Bottom Circilar Beam :-
Assuming size of ring beam 660.00 x 330.00 mm
Wt. of top slab= 33.17 x 0.150 x 24 = 120.00 kN/m
Wt. of Cylendrical Tank wall= 0.18 x 4.550 x 24 = 20.00 kN/m
Wt. of bottom slab= 33.17 x 0.270 x 24 = 215.00 kN/m
Self weight of Beam = 0.66 x 0.330 x 24 = 6.00 kN/m
Total design load on the Ring beam = W = 3.14 x D x w
W = 3.14 x 4.550 x 361 = 5158 kN
The circular beam supported on 8 column. Using the moment cofficient given in table 4.1
Maximum negative bending moment on supports = 0.0083 x wR
M = 0.0083 x 5158 x 3.25 = 140 kN.m
Maximum Positive B.M. at mid span section = 0.0041 x wR
= 0.0041 x 5158 x 3.25 = 69 kN/m
Maximum Torsional moment = 0.0006 x wR
= 0.0006 x 5158 x 3.25 = 11 kN/m
Shear force at suppoprt section is = V = (w.R.p/4)/2 = 361.0 x 3 x 0.79 )/ 2 = 461 kN
Shear force at section of maximum torsion is (At an angle of 12.75 degree from higher support)
V = 461 -( 361.0 x 3.14 x 3 x 12.75 )/ 180 = 201 kN
Design of support section M = 140 V = 461 kN
140 x 1000000
\ d = = 698 mm
0.872 x 330
Provide depth = 750 mm cover = 50 mm Afective depth = 700 mm
Mc 140 x 1000000
Ast = = = 1529 mm 2
sst. j.d 150 x 0.872 x 700
3.14xdia 2
3.14 x 25 x 25
using 25 mm bars A = = = 491 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
No.of Bars = 1529 / 491 = 3 No.
Actual , Ast = 3x 491 = 1472 mm2
461 x 1000
tv = = 2.00 N/mm2
330 x 700
100 Ast 100 x 1472
% of steel used = = = 0.63718 % \ tc = 0.32 N/mm2
bxd 330 x 700
Since tc < Tv 0.32 < 2.00 Shear reinforcement required
0.32 x 330 x 700
Shear taken by concrete = = 74 kN
1000
Balance shear = 461 - 74 = 387 kN
Using 16 mm f 4 legged strirups, spacing is,
150 x 4 x 200.96 x 700
sv = = 218 mm
387 x 1000
Hence Provided 16 mm F bar, @ 210 mm c/c center near supports.
Design of mid span section:-
Mc 69 x 1000000
Ast = = = 754 mm2
sst. j.d 150 x 0.872 x 700
0.30
But minimum area of steel is = x 330 x 750 = 743 mm2
100
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20
using 20 mm bars A = = = 314 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
No.of Bars = 754 / 314 = 3 No.
Actual , Ast = 3 x 314 = 942 mm2
69 x 1000
tv = = 0.30 N/mm2
330 x 700
100 Ast 100 x 942
% of steel used = = = 0.40779 % \ tc = 0.26 N/mm2
bxd 330 x 700
Since tc < Tv 0.26 < 0.30 Shear reinforcement required
0.26 x 330 x 700
Shear taken by concrete = = 60 kN
1000
Balance shear = 69 - 60 = 9 kN
Using 10 mm f 2 legged strirups, spacing is,
150 x 2 x 78.5 x 700
sv = = 1844 mm say 1840 mm
9 x 1000
But Sv > 0.75d or 300 mm whichever is less = 0.75 x 700 = 530 mm
Hence Provided 10 mm F , 2 legged strirrups @ 300 mm c/c .
Design of section subject to maximum torsion:-
T = 11.00 kN D = 750 mm d = 700 mm
V = 201 kN b = 330 mm M = 0
1+D/b 1+ 750 / 330
Mt = T = 11.00 = 22.00 kN.m
1.7 1.7
\ Me1 = (M+M1) = 0 + 22.00 = 22.00 kN.m
Mc 22 x 1000000
Ast = = = 240 mm2
sst. j.d 150 x 0.872 x 700
0.30
But minimum area of steel is = x 330 x 750 = 743 mm2
100
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20
using 20 mm bars A = = = 314 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
No.of Bars = 743 / 314 = 3 No.
Actual , Ast = 3 x 314 = 942 mm2
11.00
Equivalent shear = Ve = V+1.6T/b = 201 + 1.6 x = 254.333333 kN
0.33
Ve 254.33 x 1000
Tve = = = 1.101 N/mm2
bd 330 x 700
100 Ast 100 x 942
% of steel used = = = 0.40779 % \ tc = 0.26 N/mm2
bxd 330 x 700
Since tc < Tv 0.26 < 1.10 Shear reinforcement required
Using 16 mm f 4 legged strirups,with side cover of 25mm and top and bottom cover of 50mm
Asv . Asv 4 x 200.96 x 150
Spacing sv = = = 434 mm
Tv-Tc)b 1.101 - 0.26 ) x 330
Hence Provided 16 mm F , 4 legged strirrups @ 430 mm c/c .

## 8 Design of columns of supporting tower :-

The tank is supported on 8 columns, symemetrically placed on a circle of 6.90 m
mean diameter . Height of staging above ground level is 12.0 m. Let us assume the height of bracing is
3.00 mt . Hence 3.00 Panels of 3 m height each and 1 panel of 3.00 m height.
Let the columns is connected to raft foundation by means of a ring beam. The top of which is provided at
1.50 meter below the ground level, so that the actual height of bottom pannel is 4.50 m height
Vertical load on each column = 5158 / 8 = 645 kN
Self weight of column diameter mm 380 = 0.785 x 0.38 2
x 12 x 24.0 = 33 kN
height meter 12.0
weight of bracing ( 230 x 230 ) = 3 x 0.23 x 0.23 x 3.14 x 24.0 = 12 kN
Total vertical load on each column = 690 kN
Wind force on column
Intensity of wind pressure = 1.50 kN/m2 Reduction coffiecent of circular shape = 0.70
(a) wind force on top of slab and Cylendrical wall.
= 4.55 x 6.50 x 0.70 x 1.50 x = 32.0 kN
(b) Wind force on bottom slab= 0.27 x 6.50 x 0.70 x 1.50 x = 2.0 kN
(c ) Wind force on bottom ring beam 0.66 x 6.90 x 0.70 x 1.50 x = 5.0 kN
(d) wind force on 5 no. column= 5 x 0.38 x 0.70 x 1.50 x 12.0 = 24.0 kN
(e) wind force in bracing = 0.23 x 6.90 x 3 x 1.50 8.0 kN =
Total Horizontal force = 71.0 kN
Assuming contraflexure point at mid height of columns and fixidity at base due to raft foundation, the
moment at the base columns is computed as M= 71 x 3.00 / 2 = 106.5 kN.m
If M1 =Moment at the base of columns due to wind load
=( 32 x 14.41 + 2 x 12 + 5 x 12.00 + 2.6667 x 9
+ 2.6667 x 6.00 + 2.66667 x 3.00 ) = 593.12 kN.m
If V = Reaction devloped at the base of exterior columns
V V 2.275 2
M1 = S M + S r2 = 593.12 + x 2 x 2.275 2
+ 4 x
r1 2.275 2
= 593.12 + V x 9.1
\ V = 593.12 / 9.1 = 66
\ Total load on leeward column at base = 690 + 66 = 756 kN
Moment in each column in the base = 106.5 / 8 = 14.0 kN.m
Reinforcement in column ;-
Axial load = P = 756 kN
Bending moment = M = 14.0 kN.m
14.0 x 1000000
eccentricity = (M/P) = = 18.52 mm
1000 x
756
Since eccentricity is small, direct stress are predominent.
Using 5 bars of 16 mm f and latral tis of 8 mm f at 200 mm c/c
Ast = 5 x 0.785 x 16 x 16.00 = 1005 mm2
AC = 0.785 x 380 2
+( 1.50 x 11 x 1005 ) = 129937 mm3
moment of ineria, le = 0.785 x 190 4
+( 1.50 x 11 )x 2.5 x 201 x 140 2
+
2.5 x 201 x( 140 / 1.41421 )2
= 1023019850 +( 16.5 )x( 9849000 + 502.5 x 9800
= 1023019850 + 162508500 + 4924500
= 1190452850 mm4
756 x 1000
Direct compressve stress = s'cc = = 5.82 N/mm2
129937
14.0 x 1000 x 1000 x 190
Bending stress = s'cb = = 2.23 N/mm2
1190452850
Permissible stress in concrete is increased by 33.33% while considering wind effect.
s'cc s'cb 5.82 2.23
= + < 1 or +
scc scb 6 x 1.33 8.5 x 1.33
= 0.729101 + 0.1977 = 0.93
= 0.93 < 1 O.K.
9 Design of Bracing :-
Moment In Brace = 2 x Moment in column x (2)0.5 = 2 x 14.0 x 2.00 (1/2)

= 40.00 kN.m
Section of braces = 230 x 230 mm
\ b = 230 mm and d = 180 mm
Moment of resistance of section is
M1 = 0.897 x 230 x 180 =
2
6684444 or 7.00 kN.m
Balance moment = M1 - M2 = 40.00 - 7.00 = 33.00 kN.m
Mc 7 x 1000000
Ast1 = = = 188.0 mm2
sst. j.d 230 x 0.904 x 180
Mc 33 x 1000000
Ast2 = = = 1222.0 mm2
sst. j.d 230 x 0.904 x 130
\ Ast = Ast1 + Ast2 = 188 + 1222 = 1410 mm2
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20
using 20 mm bars A = = = 314 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
No.of Bars = 1410 / 314 = 4 No. bars at top and bottom
Actual , Ast = 4 x 314 = 1256 mm2
Length of barces L = 2 x 3.00 x sin 22.5
= 2 x 3.00 x 0.38 = 2.30 m
Moment in brace 40.00
Maximum shear force in brace. = = = 35.00 kN
1/2 x brace length 0.5 x 2.30
35.00 x 1000
tv = = 0.85 N/mm2
230 180
100 Ast 100 x 1256
% of steel used = = = 3.03382 % \ tc = 0.51 N/mm2
bxd 230 x 180
Since tc < tv 0.51 < 0.85 Shear reinforcement required
0.51 x 230 x 180
Shear carried by concrete = = 22.00 kN
1000
Balance shear = 35.0 - 22.00 = 13.00 kN
Using 12 mm f 2 legged strirups, spacing is,
150 2 x 113.04 x 180
sv = = 470 mm Say 460 mm
13 x 1000
But Sv > 0.75d or 300 mm whichever is less = 0.75 x 180 = 135 or 130 mm
Hence Provided 12 mm F , 2 legged strirrups @ 130 mm c/c .

10 Design of foundation:-
A circular beam with raft slab is provided for tower foundations.
Total load on foundation = 690 x 8 = 5520.0 kN
Self weight of foundation @ 10% = 552.0 kN
Sefe bearing capacity of soil at site = 100.00 kN/m2
\ Area required = 6072 / 100 = 61.00 m2
Providing a raft slab with equal projections on either sideof a circular ring beam and if
\ b = width of raft slab, then = 3.14 x 8 x b = 61.0 or b = 2.43 m
Adopting a raft slab having inner diameter = 6.90 - 2.50 = 4.40 m say b = 2.50 m
and Outer diameter = 6.90 + 2.50 = 9.40 m

## Design of circular beam of raft slab

Total load on circular beam = 5520.00 kN
Load per meter run of beam = 5520.00 / ( p x 8 )= 220 kN/m
Refering to moment coeffiecents given in table 4.1, the maximum moment in the circul;ar beam is computed.
maximum negative moment at support. K1.W.R. = 0.0083 x 5520 x 3.45 = 159 kN.m
maximum positive moment at MID span. K2.W.R. = 0.0041
x 5520 x 3.45 = 79 kN.m
maximum Torsional moment (at 12.75 from support 0.0006 x 5520 x 3.45 = 12 kN.m
220 x 3.45 x p/4
Shear force at support section is V = = 298 kN
2.00
Shear force at section of maximum torsion is
220 x p x 4 x 12.75
V = 298 - = 103.00 kN
180
The support section is designed for maximum moment
maximum negative moment M = 159.00 kN.m Shear force V= 298.00 kN
Assuming the width of section = 480 mm
M = 159.00 V = 298 kN
159 x 1000000
\ d = = 608 mm
0.897 x 480
Adopt depth = 610 mm cover = 70 mm Over all depth = 680 mm
Mc 159 x 1000000
Ast = = = 1254 mm2
sst. j.d 230 x 0.904 x 610
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20
using 20 mm bars A = = = 314 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
No.of Bars = 1254 / 314 = 4 No.
Actual , Ast = 4x 314 = 1256 mm2
298 x 1000
tv = = 0.91 N/mm2
480 x 680
100 Ast 100 x 1256
% of steel used = = = 0.3848 % \ tc = 0.26 N/mm2
bxd 480 x 680
Since tc < Tv 0.26 < 0.91 Shear reinforcement required
0.26 x 480 x 680
Shear taken by concrete = = 85 kN
1000
Balance shear = 298 - 85 = 213 kN

## Using 10 mm f 2 legged strirups, spacing is,

230 x 2 x 78.5 x 680
sv = = 115 mm
213 x 1000
Hence Provided 10 mm F bar, @ 110 mm c/c center near supports.
Steel required for mid span
Mc 79 x 1000000
Ast = = = 623 mm2
sst. j.d 230 x 0.904 x 610
0.85 x b.d 1 x 480 x 610
But minimum steel Ast = = = 600 mm2
fy 415
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 20 x 20
using 20 mm bars A = = = 314 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
No.of Bars = 623 / 314 = 2 No.
Actual , Ast = 2 x 314 = 628 mm2

The section subjected to maximum torsional moment and shear should be design for the following forces.
T = 12 kN.m D = 680 mm
V = 103 kN b = 480 mm
M = 0 d = 610 mm
1 + D/b 1 + 680 / 480
Mt = T = 12 x = 18.00 kN.m
1.7 1.7
\ Me1 = M + M1 = 0 + 18 = 18 kN.m
Mc 18 x 1000000
Ast = = = 142 mm2
sst. j.d 230 x 0.904 x 610
0.85 x b.d 1 x 480 x 610
But minimum steel Ast = = = 600 mm2
fy 415
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 25 x 25
using 25 mm bars A = = = 491
4 x100 4 x 100
No.of Bars = 600 / 491 = 1 No.
Actual , Ast = 1 x 491 = 491 mm2
Equivalent shear Ve = V +1.65T/b = 103 + 1.6 x( 12 / 0.48 )= 143 kn
143 x 1000
Tv = = 0.49 N/mm2
480 x 610
100 Ast 100 x 600
% of steel used = = = 0.20492 % \ tc = 0.19 N/mm2
bxd 480 x 610
Since tc < Tv 0.19 < 0.49 Shear reinforcement required
0.19 x 480 x 610
Shear taken by concrete = = 56 kN
1000
Balance shear = 143 - 56 = 87 kN
Using 10 mm f 2 legged strirups, spacing is,
2 x 78.5 x 230
sv = = 121 mm
0.49 - 0.19 )x 1000
Hence Provided 10 mm F 2 legged strirrups @ 120 mm c/c center near supports.
Design of Raft Slab:-
Maximum projection of raft slab from face of coloum
2.50 - 0.49
= = 1.006 m
2
5520
Siol pressure = = = 102 kN
p x( 4.70 2
- 2.2 2
)
Considring one meter width of raft slab along the circular arc.
w L2 102 x 1.006 2
Maximum Bending moment = = = 52 kN.m
2 2
52 x 1000000
\ d = = 241 mm
0.897 x 1000
Adopt depth = 250 mm cover = 50 mm Over all depth = 300 mm
Mc 52 x 1000000
Ast = = = 1001 mm2 say = 1501.5 mm2
sst. j.d 230 x 0.904 x 250
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 16 x 16
using 16 mm bars A = = = 201 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100

## Spacing of bars = 1000 x 201 / 1502 = 134 say = 130 mm

Hence Provided 16 mm F bar, @ 130 mm c/c to reduce shear stress Ast = 1546 mm2
actual steel used = = 1000 x 201 / 130 = 1546 mm2
0.12 x 300 x 1000
Distribution steel = = 360 mm2
100
3.14xdia2 3.14 x 12 x 12
using 12 mm bars A = = = 113 mm2
4 x100 4 x 100
Spacing of bars = 1000 x 113 / 360 = 314 mm
Hence Provided 12 mm F bar, @ 310 mm c/c to reduce shear stress

## Shear force at a section 250 mm from face of columns

V = 102 x 0.755806 x 1.000 = 78 kN.m
78 x 1000
tv = = 0.312 N/mm2
1000 x 250
100 Ast 100 x 1546
% of steel used = = = 0.62 % \ tc = 0.32 N/mm2
bxd 1000 x 250
Since tc > Tv 0.320 > 0.312 O.K.

6.90
0.15

32 kN 6.50 4.55

8.70
0.27

## 5 kN 12.00 B 4.32 0.70

2

1.5 J
O4 O4 3.00
G H
3 kN 9.00 m
1.5
O3 O3 3.00
E F
3 kN 6.00 m 12.00
1.5
O2 O2 3.00

C D
3 kN 3.00 m
1.5
O1 O1 3.00
0.00 m B N.S.L.
1.50
SUMMARY OF DESIGN
Top Dome
1 Tank capacity 150000 Ltr. 150 m3 Err:509
2 Height of tower from G.L. 12.00 mtr Foudation from G.L. 1.50 mtr Top Ring Beam
3 Live load on Top Slab 1.50 kN/m2 Finishes load 0.1 kN/m2 Err:509
3 Intencity of wind 1.50 kN/m2 wt of water 10 kN/m3 Top Slab
4 Noumber of columns 8 No. Bearing capcity of earth 100 kN/m2 150 mm thick
4 Conrete M 25 unit weight 24 kN/m3 ###
scc 6 N/mm2 m 11
scb 8.5 N/mm2 Q 0.897 ###
5 Steel HYSD fy 415 Tensile stress (Tank) 150 N/mm2 6.90 m
Resistance to cracking sct 1.2 N/mm2 scb 1.7 N/mm2 4.55 m Bottom Ring Beam
6 Nominal Cover 25 mm Effective Cover 40 mm Err:509
7 Height / Diameter Ratio 1: 0.7 Bottom Slab
8 Reinforcement 270 mm thick Borrom sperical Dom
Top Slab (main / distri. ) 16 mm F 170 mm c/c from the edge to a
Err:509
distance of 1.4m Bottom Bottom
Shear Reinforcement 16 mm F 300 mm c/c in both direction Circular beam Circular beam
Vertical wall 330 x 750 3.00 m
1.1 m from top hoop ring 8 mm F 400 mm c/c both side
2.3 m from top hoop ring 10 mm F 310 mm c/c both side
4.6 m from top hoop ring 12 mm F 220 mm c/c both side Circular Circular
1.1 m from top Distri. Steel 10 mm F 260 mm c/c both side Group of columns Group of columns
Braces
2.3 m from top Distri. Steel 10 mm F 290 mm c/c both side 380 mm dia 3.00 m
4.6 m from top Distri. Steel 10 mm F 340 mm c/c both side
Bottom Slab 20 mm F 120 mm c/c from the edge to a
distance of 1.4m 3.00 m
Shear Reinforcement 16 mm F 150 mm c/c in both direction
Bottom circular beam Main top 25 mm F 3 Nos.
Vertical strirrups 16 mm F 210 mm c/c 4 Ledge
Main bottom 20 mm F 3 Nos. strirrup 3.00 m
Vertical strirrups 10 mm F 300 mm c/c 2 near
Ledge Circular
Column supprting tower Main 16 mm F 5 Nos. O.K. supports
strirrup beam for Raft N.S.L. beam for Raft
Latral 8 mm F 200 mm c/c near 480 X 680 1.50 m ###
Bracing main 20 mm F 4 Nos. at top and bottomsupports mm mm
strirrups 12 mm F 130 mm c/c 2 Ledge strirrup 680
300 ###
Circular beam for Raft bottom 20 mm F 4 Nos. 2.50 4.40 m 250

## top 20 mm F 2 Nos. 9.40 m ###

strirrups 10 mm F 110 mm c/c 2 Ledge strirrup
Raft Foundation slab main 16 mm F 130 mm c/c
Distribution 12 mm F 310 mm c/c
25 mm f @
3 Nos. top
16mm F 300mm c/c in both direction
16mm F 170mm c/c from the edge to
750
20 mm f @
a distance of 1.4m
16 mm c/c strirrup
Bottom circular beam 330
Reiforcement in circular beam
columns

200 x 200
Fillet 12 mm f strirrup
Braces 130 mm c/c
230 20 mm f
4 nos.top
230
20 mm f
4 nos.Bottom
Top Slab Reinfocement in Brace

## 20mm F 120mm c/c from the edge to

16mm F 150mm c/c in 20 mm f
a distance of 1.4m
both direction 12 mm f 2 nos.top
200 mm c/c 10 mm f 20 mm f Err:509
16 mm f 110 mm c/c 4 nos.top
5 mm c/c 16 mm f 10 mm f
130 mm c/c 4 nos.top
Reinforcement Detail in columns

16 mm f 8 mm f
5 nos. 200 mm c/c Cross -section of Bottom Ring beam

Bottom Slab Reinforcement Detail in circular beam and Raft foundation slab