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Q1) Define the term statistics giving examples and explaining the cases where statistics is being
applied .

Q2) Identify and explain the methods of data collection giving both advantages and
disadvantages of each case .

Q3)State and explain the two branches of statistics giving examples in each case .

Q4)Describe the different methods of data presentation giving both advantages and
disadvantages in each case .

Q5)State and explain the components of time series data giving an example in each case.

Q6)State and explain both the probabilistic and non - probabilistic sampling techniques giving
and example in each case .

Q7) State and explain the scales of measurements giving an example in each case .

Q8) State and explain the steps involved in the planning and execution of a survey.

Q9) Discuss the advantages of sampling as compared with census.


Q1) The following table shows a frequency distribution of marks of a final examination by
Marks 130-139 140-149 150-159 160-169 170-179 180-189 190-199
No. of students 11 13 21 31 53 42 19
Use the given data to compute the following Mean, mode, median, standard deviation ,Mean
Absolute Deviation, coefficient of variation, coefficient of skewness, coefficient of kurtosis,
quartile deviation, 65th percentile, 7th decile , find the mean and variance using coding method
, plot the ogive curve, find geometric mean and harmonic mean, plot histogram for the data.
Q2) The following table shows the distribution of marks of students in a given examination

Class Frequency
10-12 6
13-15 4
16-18 8
19-21 5
22-24 7
25-27 2

Use the table to determine

i. The range.
ii. The mean .
iii. Variance .
iv. Standard deviation.
v. Coefficient of variation .
vi. Mode .
vii. Median.
viii. Mean and variance using coding method.
ix. Coefficient of skewness.
x. Coefficient of kurtosis.
xi. Mean Absolute Deviation.
xii. Quartile deviation.
xiii. 85th percentile.
xiv. 3rd decile.
xv. Plot an ogive curve and the histogram for the data.

Q3) The Dean Faculty of Science wishes to determine the amount of studying students do . He
selected a random sample of 40 students and recorded the number of hours each student studies
per week as follows:

15.0 18.6 15.7 29.6 23.0 18.3 24.3 27.9

17.4 26.1 30.1 18.3 21.4 23.2 28.4 20.7
10.3 16.5 15.4 23.7 32.8 21.6 13.5 18.9
9.2 19.7 20.3 17.8 12.5 20.8 17.1 16.6
23.7 12.9 24.0 24.6 17.5 27.8 27.1 22.4

Organize the data into a grouped frequency distribution hence find the mode, median, mean,
standard deviation , plot the histogram of the data and the ogive curve for the given data.

( 𝑄1)The random variable X has a probability distribution shown in the table below
X 0 10 20 30
P(X=x) p 0.3 q 0.15

Given that the mean of X is 16.5, find the probability that X exceeds 15 hence find the
standard deviation of X .

Q2) The random variable Z has the probability distribution shown in the table below
Z 2 3 5 7 11
P(Z=z) 1/6 1/3 1/4 x y
If E(Z) = 43 , determine the variance of Z hence find the probability that Z is less than or
equal to 5 .

Q3) The following is a table showing the values of a random variable X

X 10 20 30 40 50
P(X=x) 0.1 0.3 p 0.2 0.1

Find the standard deviation of X hence find the probability that X is more than 20.

Q4) The probability distribution of X , the number of customer arrivals per fifteen minutes
periods at Joan’s cyber café in Kiambu county is as shown in the following table:

X 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14
P(X) 0.01 0.03 0.08 0.09 0.22 0.11 0.18 0.15 0.06 0.07

i. Does the distribution meet the two requirements for probability distribution? Explain.
ii. Find the standard deviation of X.
iii. Find 𝑃(7 ≤ 𝑋 < 13).
Q1) It is known that in a batch of screws 20% are faulty. A sample of four screws is selected
from the batch. Determine the probability that
i. There are no faulty screws in the sample
ii. There is exactly one faulty screw in the sample
iii. There are two or more faulty screws in the sample.

Q2). Differentiate the following terms as used in statistics:

i. Null hypothesis and alternative hypothesis.

ii. Type I error and type II error.

iii. Level of significance and confidence interval.

iv. Sample and Population.

v. Statistic and parameter.

vi. Discrete and continuous random variables.

vii. Independent and mutually exclusive events.

viii. Regression analysis and correlation analysis

Q3) Suppose the average number of lions seen on a 1-day safari is 5.

What is the probability that tourists will see fewer than four lions on the next 1 –day

Q4) If X is a Poisson random variable such that 90 P(X=6)=9 P(X=4)+P (X=2), determine the
mean and the standard deviation of X.

Q5) The probability that an item manufactured by a factory is defective is 0.3. What is the
probability that out of a sample of five items, more than two are defective?.

Q6) Describe briefly Binomial distribution hence find the probability of having 8 customers
buying my product if 12 will visit me tomorrow and past experience shows that out of 10
customers who visit me 4 purchase the product.