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TABLE OF CONTENT

Number of From
pages page

1 DESIGN CODE & SPECIFICATION 1 1

2 SHELL DESIGN THICKNESS CALCULATION 1 2


3 BOTTOM PLATE, / ANNULAR &BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN 1 3
4 ROOF THICKNESS CALCULATION 1 4
5 DESIGN OF ROOF-TO-SHELL JUNCTION - APPENDIX F 1 5

6 INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER DESIGN 1 6

7 WIND DESIGN & ANCHOR BOLT CALCULATION 1 7

8 WEIGHT CALCULATION 1 8
Until page PAGE

1 1

2 2
3 3
4 4
5 5

6 6

7 7

8 8
TABLE OF CONTENT
Number of From
pages page

1 DESIGN CODE & SPECIFICATION 1 1

2 SHELL DESIGN THICKNESS CALCULATION 1 2


3 BOTTOM PLATE, / ANNULAR &BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN 1 3
4 INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER DESIGN 1 4
5 WIND DESIGN & ANCHOR BOLT CALCULATION 2 5

6 WEIGHT CALCULATION 2 7

7 WEIGHT CALCULATION 1 9

8 WEIGHT CALCULATION 1 10

9 WEIGHT CALCULATION 5 11

10 TANK STABILITY AGAINST WIND LOADING 5 16

11 ` 1 21

12 SLING & WIRE ROPE CALC (SKID) 1 22

APPENDIX

13 COG CALCULATION FROM CADWORK 3 23

14 ALLOWABLE STRESS REFERENCE 1 26


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1 1

2 2
3 3
4 4
6 5-6

8 7-8

9 9

10 10

15 11 - 15

20 16 - 20

21 21

22 22

25 23 - 25

26 26
WATER_SS_TANK Page 5

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATIONS

1.0 DESIGN CODE & SPECIFICATION


: API 650
1.1 TANK
Service : Water Tank
Item number : -
Type of tank : Self Supported
Cone Roof
1.2 GEOMETRIC DATA
Outside diameter , Do 17.22 ft = 5250
Tank height , H 37.73 ft = 11500
Specific gravity of operating liquid , S.G. = 1
Nominal capacity , M = 249.05
Maximum design liquid level, HL = 10000

1.3 PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE


Design pressure : Upper , PU = 8500 mm H2O = 833.9
Design temperature : Upper , TU = 60

1.4 MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

Tensile Stress Yield Stress Corr. Allow.


Component Material
St (N/mm²) Sy (N/mm²) c.a.(mm)
PLATE
Shell Plate A 304L 485.00 170.00 0.00
Bottom Plate A 304L 485.00 170.00 0.00
Roof Plate A 304L 485.00 170.00 0.00
Stiffener Ring A 304L 485.00 170.00 0.00
STRUCTURE
Top Curb Angle A 304L 485.00 170.00 0.00

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2.0 SHELL DESIGN THICKNESS CALCULATION


2.1 GEOMETRIC DATA
Plate width used 54.13 ft : 16500
Plate height 5.00 ft : 1524

2.2 MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES


Material used : A 304L
Specified minimum tensile stress, Ss = 485.0
Specified minimum yield stress, Sy = 170.0

Yield strength reduction factor, k ( Appendix M ) = 1.00


Joint Efficiency, E = 0.85
Max.allowable design stress,Sd = 113.33
Max.allowable hydro. test stress,St = 127.50
(As per Table 3-2 )

2.3 TANK SHELL THICKNESS CALCULATION


D = Inside diameter of tank = 17.22
H = Design liquid level = 37.73
G = Specific gravity of liquid = 1
c.a. = corrosion allowance = 0.00
Sd = Allow. stress for design condition = 16438
St = Allow. stress for hydrostatic test condition = 18492

(2,6) x (D) X (H - 1) x (G)


Shell Thk at design condition (td) = t= + C.A.
Sd
(E) x (21000)
(2,6) x (D) X (H - 1) x (G)
Shell Thk at hydrotest condition (tt) = t= + C.A.
St
(E) x (21000)

2.4 CALCULATION & RESULTS

Course # Liquid Liquid Height of t.design t.hydro. t.used


from bottom height height each (td) (tt) (t) RESULTS
bottom (H) (H) Course
of tank mm ft mm (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 11500 37.73 #REF! #REF! #REF! 5.00 = #REF!


2 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! 5.00 = #REF!
3 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! 5.00 = #REF!
4 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! 4.00 = #REF!
5 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! 4.00 = #REF!
6 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! 4.00 = #REF!
7 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! 3.00 = #REF!
8 #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! #REF! 3.00 = #REF!
By one foot method. See sec. 3.6.3.2

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3.0 BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN


3.1 Minimum thickness as per API 650 Clause 3.4.1 = 6.00
Corrosion allowance , c.a. = 0.00
Minimum thickness required = 6.00
Therefore, use thickness of 6 mm (tb) is satisfactory.

3.2 ANNULAR BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN:


3.3 As per API 650 Add. 2 Sect. 5.11.2;
Minimum Annular plate Width shall be = 215 tb 380.40
(GH)^0.5
or a Minimum of 600.0

Annular Plate width provided 700


Where: tb = Annular plate thickness, mm
H = maximum Design Liquid level, Meter
G = liquid Specific gravity Therefore satisfactory.

4.0 MINIMUM ROOF THICKNESS


4.1 Minimum thickness as per API 650 Clause 3.10.2 = 4.70
Corrosion allowance, c.a. = 0.00
Minimum thickness required = 4.70
Therefore , use thickness of 5.00 mm is satisfactory.

4.2 SELF SUPPORTED CONE ROOF


(1) Minimum thickness shall be the greater of the followings (a) and (b) :-
(a) Minimum thickness as per API 650 Clause 3.10.2 = 4.76
(b) Minimum thickness, ( clause 3.10.6.1 )
Di
tmin = = 4.23
400 sin ß°
ß° = Roof slope = 15.00
Minimum thickness required (max. of (a) & (b)) = 4.76

4.3 CHECK FOR ROOF LOADING


Roof plate weight , @ assume Roof thk = 5.00 mm,wr = 0.000385
Vacuum pressure , Va = 0.000000
Uniform live load , wl @ 25.00 lbs/ft² = 0.001196
Add. live load exceeding 122 kg/m², wa @ 0.00 lbs/ft² = 0.000000
Total live load plus dead loads, wld = 0.0016
= 33.05
< 45.00
The roof plate shall be increased by the following ratio , k = 1.00
Minimum thickness required, tmin = 4.76
Corrosion allowance, c.a. = 0.00
Therefore, minimum thickness ( + corrosion allowance ) = 4.76

(2) Maximum thickness = 6.00

Therefore , use thickness of 5 mm is satisfactory.

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5.0 DESIGN OF ROOF-TO-SHELL JUNCTION - APPENDIX F


Roof thickness, tr = 5.00
Roof slope, ß ( 9.5° < ß < 37° ) = 15.00
Top curb angle used : L 75 x 75 x 6
Unit weight , wtca = 5.91
Leg length, L = 75
Leg thickness, t ( corroded ) = 6
Section modulus, Za ( corroded ) = 7100
Cross sectional area of angle , A ( corroded ) = 703

Wh = lesser of [ 0.3 R2.th ] or [ 304.8 mm ]


= 67.56 mm th =
5.00 mm

6.00 mm

t=

Wc.min = 75 R2 = Rc / sinß
mm = 10142 mm

Rc = 2625 mm

Wc = 0.6 Rc.tt.corr
= 75 mm tt.corr = 3.00 mm

Total shaded area resisting the compressive force,


Aa = Wh.th + Wc.tt.corr + A = 1,266

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 9

5.1 MINIMUM REQUIRED COMPRESSION AREA AT THE ROOF TO SHELL JUNCTION



Ar = = 247
3000.sin ß°
where
D = Nominal tank diameter = 17.22
Since Ar < Aa, therefore it is satisfactory.

5.2 CHECK FOR MAXIMUM DESIGN PRESSURE


0.245.W 0.735.M
P.max = + 8.th - = 715.84
D² D³
where
W =Total weight of shell and any framing(not roof plates) = 345980
supported by the shell & roof
th = Roof plate thickness = 0.20
M = Wind moment = 2
Since Pi > P, therefore it is not satisfactory !!!

6.0 INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER DESIGN


6.1 Maximum Height Of The Unstiffened Shell
100tt.corr ³ 100 ²
H1 = 6(100tt.corr) x x k = 12,659
D V
where
tt.corr = Thickness of the top shell course (corroded) = 0.12
D = Nominal tank diameter = 17.22
V = Wind design speed ( @ 44.00 m/s ) = 98.43
k = Yield strength reduction factor ( Appendix M ) = 1.00

6.2 Location Of Intermediate Wind Girder

Course Thickness. Actual Width Transposed Width


t.corr W Wtr =W(tt.corr / t.corr)^2.5
(mm) (mm) (mm)

1 (bottom) 5.00 16500 4601


2 5.00 16500 4601
3 5.00 16500 4601
4 4.00 16500 8038
5 4.00 16500 8038
6 4.00 16500 8038
7 3.00 16500 16500
8 3.00 16500 16500
0.00 #DIV/0!
0.00 #DIV/0!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
0.00 #DIV/0!
0.00 #DIV/0!
#VALUE! #VALUE!
Height of transformed shell, H2 = 70917

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 10

REMARK : Let all 'Wtr' equal to zero for 'negative' t.corr

Since H1 < H2 , therefore an intermediate wind girder is required.

No of Wind Girder required = H2 / H1 = 6.0


THEREFORE , NO OF WIND GIRDER REQUIRED = 6.0
LOCATION EQUA SPACED OF STIFFENER RING = 1917

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7.0 WIND DESIGN CALCULATION


Design code : ASCE -7

7.1 GEOMETRIC DATA


Internal design pressure, Pi @ 833.9 mbar = 0.08339
Diameter of tank, Di = 0
Tank height , Hs = 11500
Roof slope, ß° = 15.00
Roof height, Hr = 0
Height from tank bottom to shell centre, Ls = 5750
Height from tank bottom to roof centre,Lr = 11500
Min. depth of product ( always present in tank) , Hw = 50
Weight of tank,Wt (@ #REF! kg) = #REF!
Weight of product ( always present in tank) , Ww = 0

7.2 WIND FORCE CALCULATIONS


The wind loading shall be determined as follows : -
H = P.A.C.I N
where
P = Wind dynamic pressure ( N/m² ) = 900

Cr = Shape factor for roof = 0.75


Cs = Shape factor for shell = 0.75

Ar = Projected area of roof ( = 0.5.Di.Hr ) = 0


As = Projected area of shell ( = Di.Hs ) = 0

I = Appurtenances = 1.18

Total wind load exerted on roof, Fr = 0


Total wind load exerted on shell, Fs = 1

Total wind moment on tank, Mwind ( = Fr.Lr + Fs.Ls ) = 2.98E+03

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 12

7.3 TANK STABILITY AGAINST WIND LOADING


7.3.1 CASE 1 - EMPTY CONDITION
Resistance to overturning moment,
Mres. = 0.5Di.( Wt - 0.25 p Di².Pi ) = #REF!

Safety factor, Sa ( = Mres./Mwind ) = #REF!


### 1.50
Since Sa #REF! 1.5, therefore the tank is structurally
#REF! Tank anchorage is #REF!

7.3.2 CASE 2 - OPERATING CONDITION


Resistance to overturning moment,
Mres. = 0.5Di.( Wt + Ww - 0.25 p Di².Pi ) = #REF!

Safety factor, Sa ( = Mres./Mwind ) = #REF!


### 1.50
Since Sa #REF! 1.5, therefore the tank is structurally
#REF! Tank anchorage is #REF!

7.4 ANCHOR BOLT DESIGN


7.4.1 GEOMETRIC DATA
Number of bolts , N = 35
Diameter of anchor bolt, d = 30
Diameter of anchor bolt, d.corr ( less c.a.@ 0.00 mm) = 30
Bolts circle diameter, Da = 5370
Root area of each hold down bolt, Ab = 707
Spacing between anchor bolts, Sb = 482

7.4.2 BOLT MECHANICAL PROPERTIES


Allowable stress, St.all = 103.00

7.4.3 ANCHOR BOLTS DESIGN


Tensile force,
1 4.Mwind Pi. pDi²
T= - Wt - = #REF!
N Da 4
Tensile stress,
T
sb = = #REF!
Ab
Since sb #REF! St.all, therefore the anchor bolt size is ###

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8.0 WEIGHT CALCULATION


8.1 General
Design code : API 650
Service : Water Tank
Item number : -
Type of tank : Self Supported
Cone Roof
Inside diameter, Di = 5250
Tank height, H = 11500
Density of steel = 8000

8.2 ERECTION WEIGHT


8.2.1 Weight of bottom plate
Material : A 304L
Diameter of bottom plate = 5300
Bottom plate thickness = 6
Weight of bottom plate = 1,059

8.2.2 Weight of shell

Course Material Height Length Thickness weight


No. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kg)

1 (bottom) A 304L #REF! 16500 5.00 #REF!


2 A 304L #REF! 16500 5.00 #REF!
3 A 304L #REF! 16500 5.00 #REF!
4 A 304L #REF! 16500 4.00 #REF!
5 A 304L #REF! 16500 4.00 #REF!
6 A 304L #REF! 16500 4.00 #REF!
7 A 304L #REF! 16500 4.00 #REF!
8 A 304L #REF! 16500 4.00 #REF!
9 A 304L 0 16500 4.00 0
10 A 304L 0 16500 4.00 0
11 A 304L 0 16500 4.00 0
Total weight of shell = #REF!

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 14

8.2.3 Weight of roof plate


Material : A 304L
Roof plate thickness, tr = 5.00
Length of slope = 2718
Area of roof plate = 23201760
Weight of roof plate = 928

8.2.4 Weight of top curb angle


Material : A 304L
Angle size : L 75 x 75 x 6
Length of top curb angle = 16493
Unit weight, wtca = 5.91
Weight of top curb angle = 97

Total Erection Weight, We @ ( 10.00 % additional weight ) = #REF!

8.3 OPERATING WEIGHT


8.3.1 Weight of liquid
Specific gravity of liquid = 1.00
Maximum design liquid level = 10000
Volume of liquid in tank = 216
Weight of liquid, Wliq. = 216,475

Total operating weight , Wo ( = We + Wliq. ) = #REF!

8.4 HYDROSTATIC TEST WEIGHT


8.4.1 Weight of water
Specific gravity of water = 1.00
Height of water = 11500
Volume of water in tank = 249
Weight of water, Wh2o = 248,947

Total hydrostatics test weight , Wh ( = We + Wh2o ) = #REF!

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 15

Self Supported

mm
mm


mm

mbar.g.
°C

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 16

mm
mm

N/mm²
N/mm²

N/mm²
N/mm²

ft
ft

in
psi
psi

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 17

mm
mm
mm

mm

mm

mm

mm
mm
mm

mm

mm

°
mm

N/mm²
N/mm²
N/mm²
N/mm²
N/mm²
lbs/ft²
lbs/ft²

mm
mm
mm

mm

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 18

mm
°
L 75 x 75 x 6
kg/m
mm
mm
mm³
mm²

mm²

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 19

mm²

ft

mbar

lbs

in
lbs.ft

mm

in
ft
miles/hr

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 20

N/mm²
mm
mm
°
mm
mm
mm
mm
N
N


N
N

Nmm

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Nmm

Nmm

mm
mm
mm
mm²
mm

N/mm²

N/mm²

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 22

Self Supported

mm
mm
kg/m³

mm
mm
kg

kg

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WATER_SS_TANK Page 23

mm
mm
mm²
kg

L 75 x 75 x 6
mm
kg/m
kg

kg

mm

kg

kg

mm

kg

kg

04/24/2019
STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION
WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem D
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E
Tank Capacity Calculation:
Tank inside Diameter: = 10.5 M
Total Height of the tank: = 18 M
Course Width = 1.8 M
No of courses = 10 Nos
Tank Overflow Pipe Size: = 250 NB
Centre Line of Overflow from Top: = 0.3 M 300 mm
Overfill Protection: = 0.3 M 300 mm
Minimum Fill level: = 1.6 M
Total Filled Height: = 17.4 M
Net Filled Height: = 15.8 M
Tank Nominal Capacity = 1558.62 Cu.M
Top-Up Volume: = 1506.67 Cu.M
Usable Volume = 1368.12 Cu.M
Capacity: ~ 1350 Cu.M
GE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION
TE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT Temp factor
, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist., 94 0.91
angana, India. Pin:507128 150 0.88
Date: 5/4/2019 200 0.85
Rev: A 260 0.8

10 78.53982 31.41593
10.5 86.59015 32.98672

90.703%
110.250% 1.570796
0.975913
API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 27

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A

1.0 DESIGN CODE & SPECIFICATION : API 650 12th Edition

1.1 TANK
Service : White Liquor
Item number
Type of tank : Conical Roof

1.2 GEOMETRIC DATA


Outside diameter , Do 32.87 ft = 10020
Tank height , H 59.05 ft = 18000
Specific gravity of operating liquid , S.G. = 1.23
Nominal capacity , M = 1412.59
Tank min. free board space 0.00
Maximum design liquid level, HL = 18000

1.3 PRESSURE & TEMPERATURE


Design pressure : Upper , PU = 18000 mm H2O = 1765.8
: Lower , PL = 500 mm H2O = 50.0
= 5.0
Design temperature : Upper , TU = 130

1.4 MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES


(As per Table S-2a )

Tensile Stress Yield Stress Corr. Allow.


Component Material
St (N/mm²) Sy (N/mm²) c.a.(mm)
PLATE
Shell Plate A 304L 485.00 170.00 0.00
Bottom Plate A 304L 485.00 170.00 0.00
Roof Plate A 304L 485.00 170.00 0.00
Rafters and rood
A 304 515.00 205.00 0.00
Supports
Wind Griders
A 305 515.00 205.00 0.00
and Stiffeners

04/24/2019
API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 28

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A

04/24/2019
API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 29

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A
2.0 SHELL DESIGN THICKNESS CALCULATION
2.1 GEOMETRIC DATA
Plate width used 103.32 ft : 31491
Plate height 5.91 ft : 1800

2.2 MATERIAL & MECHANICAL PROPERTIES


Material used : A 304L
Specified minimum tensile stress, Ss = 485.0
Specified minimum yield stress, Sy = 170.0
Yield strength reduction factor, k ( Appendix M ), Interpolated = 0.89
Design yield stress, Sy = 151.4
Joint Efficiency, E = 0.85
Max.allowable design stress,Sd = 119.00
Max.allowable hydro. test stress,St = 155.00
(As per Table S-2a )
2.3 TANK SHELL THICKNESS CALCULATION
D = Inside diameter of tank 9996 mm = 32.80
H = Design liquid level 18000 mm = 59.05
G = Specific gravity of liquid = 1.23
c.a. = corrosion allowance 0 mm = 0.00
Sd = Allow. stress for design condition 119 N/mm² = 17260
St = Allow. stress for hydrostatic test condition 155 N/mm² = 22481

(2,6) x (D) X (H - 1) x (G)


Shell Thk at design condition (td) = t= + C.A.
Sd
(E) x (21000)
(2,6) x (D) X (H - 1) x (G)
Shell Thk at hydrotest condition (tt) = t= + C.A.
St
(E) x (21000)
(As per 5.6.3.2)
2.4 CALCULATION & RESULTS

Course # Liquid Liquid Height of t.design t.hydro. t.used


from bottom height height each (td) (tt) (t) RESULTS
bottom (H) (H) Course
of tank mm ft mm (mm) (mm) (mm)

1 18000 59.06 1800 10.54 7.25 12.00 = O.K.


2 16200 53.15 1800 9.47 6.58 12.00 = O.K.
3 14400 47.24 1800 8.40 5.91 12.00 = O.K.
4 12600 41.34 1800 7.32 5.24 12.00 = O.K.
5 10800 35.43 1800 6.25 4.57 12.00 = O.K.
6 9000 29.53 1800 5.18 3.90 12.00 = O.K.
7 7200 23.62 1800 4.11 3.23 12.00 = O.K.
8 5400 17.72 1800 3.04 2.56 12.00 = O.K.
9 3600 11.81 1800 1.96 1.89 12.00 = O.K.
10 1800 5.91 1800 0.89 1.23 12.00 = O.K.
Tank Total Height 18000 =

04/24/2019
API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 30

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A
By one foot method. See sec. 5.6.3.2

04/24/2019
API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 31

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A
3.0 BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN
3.1 Minimum thickness as per API 650 Clause 3.4.1 = 6.00
Corrosion allowance , c.a. = 0.00
Minimum thickness required = 6.00
Therefore, use thickness of 6 mm (tb) is satisfactory.

3.2 ANNULAR BOTTOM PLATE DESIGN:


3.3 As per API 650 Add. 2 Sect. 5.11.2;
Minimum Annular plate Width shall be = 215 tb 274.16
(GH)^0.5
or a Minimum of 8 600.0
Annular Plate width provided 700
Where: tb = Annular plate thickness, mm 136.164944
H = maximum Design Liquid level, Meter
G = liquid Specific gravity
Therefore, Bottom plate thickness = satisfactory.
4.0 MINIMUM ROOF THICKNESS
4.1 Minimum thickness as per API 650 Clause 3.10.2 = 4.70
Corrosion allowance, c.a. = 0.00
Minimum thickness required = 4.70
Therefore , use thickness of 6 mm is satisfactory.

4.2 CHECK FOR ROOF LOADING


Roof plate weight , @ assume Roof thk = 6 mm,wr = 0.000462
Vacuum pressure , Va 500 mm Wc = 0.004903
Uniform live load , wl @ 25.00 lbs/ft² = 0.001196
Add. live load exceeding 122 kg/m², wa @ 12.00 lbs/ft² = 0.000574
Total live load plus dead loads, wld = 0.0071
= 149.14
> 45.00
4.3 SELF SUPPORTED CONE ROOF CHECK
(1) Minimum thickness shall be the greater of the followings (a) and (b) :-
(a) Minimum thickness as per API 650 Clause 3.10.2 = 5.00
(b) Minimum thickness, ( clause 3.10.6.1 )
tmin = 15.99
Roof Slope 1 : 16
ß° = Roof slope = 7.50
Minimum thickness required (max. of (a) & (b)) = 15.99
The roof plate shall be increased by the following ratio , k = 1.82
Minimum thickness required, tmin = 29.11
Corrosion allowance, c.a. = 0.00
Therefore, minimum thickness ( + corrosion allowance ) = 29.11
(2) Provided thickness = 6.00

Therefore for the thickness of 6 mm Use Rafters for roof support


4.4 RAFTER SPACING FOR ROOF

Minimum Rafter Spacing b= 1080.00

04/24/2019
API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 32

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A
Recommended Rafter Spacing 1000

5.0 External Pressure Check


1.03
W = Maximum Wind Pressure =
10.29
Ps = Total External pressure for Shell = 60.29
6.03
ᵠ = Stability Factor 3.00
Tank Code Check for external pressure as per V8.1.1 Satisfied, Design as per API 65
External Siffeners Requirement Calculation
Shell Stiffener requirement as per Cl. V 8.1.2 provide stiffener
Minimum Spacing of intermediate Stiffeners: H Safe = 11.00
Stiffener Spacing Considered 1.00
Number of Intermediate Stiffeners required = 18.00
Radial Load on the Stiffener = 66315.08
Shell Contribution Length in Stiffening = 146.94
Moment of inertia Required of the Intermediate Stiffener 38.92
Stiffening Section recommended L75x75x6
6.0 INTERMEDIATE WIND GIRDER DESIGN
( Maximum Height Of The Unstiffened Shell )

100tt.corr ³ 100 ²
H1 = 6(100tt.corr) x x k = 136784.59
D V
where
tt.corr = Thickness of the top shell course (corroded) = 0.47
D = Nominal tank diameter = 32.87
V = Wind design speed ( @ 44.00 m/s ) = 98.43
k = Yield strength reduction factor ( Appendix M ) = 0.89

4.3 Location Of Intermediate Wind Girder

Course Thickness. Actual Width Transposed Width


t.corr W Wtr =W(tt.corr / t.corr)^2.5
(mm) (mm) (mm)

1 (bottom) 12.00 1800 1800


2 12.00 1800 1800
3 12.00 1800 1800
4 12.00 1800 1800
5 12.00 1800 1800
6 12.00 1800 1800
7 12.00 1800 1800
8 12.00 1800 1800
9 12.00 1800 1800

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API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 33

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A
10 12.00 1800 1800

Height of transformed shell, H2 = 18000

REMARK : Let all 'Wtr' equal to zero for 'negative' t.corr

Since H1 > H2 , therefore an intermediate wind girder is not required.

No of Wind Girder required = H2 / H1 = 0.0


THEREFORE , NO OF WIND GIRDER REQUIRED = 0.0

5.0 WIND DESIGN CALCULATION


Design code : ASCE -7

5.1 GEOMETRIC DATA


Internal design pressure, Pi @ 1765.8 mbar = 0.17658
Diameter of tank, Di = 9996
Tank height , Hs = 18000
Roof height, Hr = 428
Height from tank bottom to shell centre, Ls = 9000
Height from tank bottom to roof centre,Lr = 18428
Min. depth of product ( always present in tank) , Hw = 0
Weight of tank,Wt (@ 28,455 kg) = 279,140
Weight of product ( always present in tank) , Ww = 0

5.2 WIND FORCE CALCULATIONS


The wind loading shall be determined as follows : -
H = P.A.C.I N
where
P = Wind dynamic pressure ( N/m² ) = 900

Cr = Shape factor for roof = 0.75


Cs = Shape factor for shell = 0.75

Ar = Projected area of roof ( = 0.5.Di.Hr ) = 2.1


As = Projected area of shell ( = Di.Hs ) = 179.9

I = Appurtenances = 1.18

Total wind load exerted on roof, Fr = 1,704


Total wind load exerted on shell, Fs = 143,313

Total wind moment on tank, Mwind ( = Fr.Lr + Fs.Ls ) = 1.32E+09

6.0 TANK STABILITY AGAINST WIND LOADING


6.1 CASE 1 - EMPTY CONDITION
Resistance to overturning moment,
Mres. = 0.5Di.( Wt - 0.25 p Di².Pi ) = -6.79E+10

04/24/2019
API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 34

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A
Safety factor, Sa ( = Mres./Mwind ) = 51.37
> 1.50
Since Sa > 1.5, therefore the tank is structurally
stable. Tank anchorage is not required.

6.2 CASE 2 - OPERATING CONDITION


Resistance to overturning moment,
Mres. = 0.5Di.( Wt + Ww - 0.25 p Di².Pi ) = -6.79E+10

Safety factor, Sa ( = Mres./Mwind ) = 51.37


> 1.50
Since Sa > 1.5, therefore the tank is structurally
stable. Tank anchorage is not required.

8.0 WEIGHT CALCULATION


8.1 General
Design code : 0
Service : 0
Inside diameter, Di = 10020
Tank height, H = 18000
Density of steel = 8000

8.2 ERECTION WEIGHT


8.2.1 Weight of bottom plate
Material : A 304L
Diameter of bottom plate = 10120
Bottom plate thickness = 6
Weight of bottom plate = 3,861

8.2.2 Weight of shell

Course Material Height Length Thickness weight


No. (mm) (mm) (mm) (kg)
1 (bottom) A 304L 1800 31491 12.00 5,442
2 A 304L 1800 31491 12.00 5,442
Total weight of shell = 21,767

8.2.3 Weight of head


Material : A 304L
Head plate thickness, tr = 6
Weight of roof plate = 264

Total Erection Weight, We @ ( 10.00 % additional weight ) = 28,455

8.3 OPERATING WEIGHT


8.3.1 Weight of liquid
Specific gravity of liquid = 1.23

04/24/2019
API650-DESIGN CALCULATION Page 35

STORAGE TANK DESIGN CALCULATION


WHITE LIQUOR TANKS PROJECT
BHADRACHALAM, SARAPAKA, Bhadradri-Kothagudem Dist.,
Telangana, India. Pin:507128
Project No: P19006 Date: 5/4/2019
Document No: P19006GEDCGB1001E Rev: A
Maximum design liquid level = 18000
Volume of liquid in tank = 1419
Weight of liquid, Wliq. = 1,745,834

Total operating weight , Wo ( = We + Wliq. ) = 1,774,289

8.4 HYDROSTATIC TEST WEIGHT


8.4.1 Weight of water
Specific gravity of water = 1.00
Height of water = 18000
Volume of water in tank = 1419
Weight of water, Wh2o = 1,419,377

Total hydrostatics test weight , Wh ( = We + Wh2o ) = 1,447,832

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5/4/2019
A

mm
mm

mm

mbar.g.
mbarg.Vac
KPA
°C

Mod. Elas.
MPA

199000.00
199000.00
199000.00

199000.00

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A

mm
mm

N/mm²
N/mm²

N/mm²

N/mm²
N/mm²

ft
ft

in
psi
psi

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A

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A

mm
mm
mm

mm

mm
mm

mm
mm
mm

N/mm²
N/mm²
N/mm²
N/mm²
N/mm²
lbs/ft²
lbs/ft²

mm

mm

°
mm

mm
mm
mm
mm

mm

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A
mm

kpa
mbar

kpa

Satisfied, Design as per API 650

M
M
Nos.

mm

mm

in
ft
miles/hr

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A

N/mm²
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
mm
N
N


N
N

Nmm

Nmm

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A

Nmm

mm
mm
kg/m³

mm
mm
kg

kg

mm
kg

kg

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5/4/2019
A
mm

kg

kg

mm

kg

kg

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