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A.RISWAN 181010300499
ACHMAD RYO GUSTI S 181010300158
AGUNG PAMUJI 181010300328
AJI PRASETYO 181010300231
ALAM AL GIFFARI 181010300562

The Four – Stroke Engine

A four-stroke engine (also known as four-cycle) is an internal combustion engine (IC) in which consists of
key parts of the engine: the crankshaft, connecting rod, camshafts, valves, and piston.
All four-stroke internal combustion engines employ valves to control the admittance of fuel and air into
the combustion chamber. The mixture of fuel and air is ignited by an electric spark from the spark
plug. The valves are operated by the camshaft. The next key part of internal combustion engine is
piston. It is located in a cylinder and is made gas-tight by piston rings. Its purpose is to transfer force
from expanding gas in the cylinder to the crankshaft via a piston rod and/or connecting rod. Most
reciprocating internal combustion engines end up turning a shaft. The connecting rod connects the
piston to the crank or crankshaft. Together with the crankshaft, they form a simple mechanism that
converts reciprocating motion into rotating motion
For a four-stroke engine, the piston completes four separate strokes while turning a crankshaft. A stroke
refers to the full travel of the piston along the cylinder, in either direction. The four separate strokes are
Intake: This stroke of the piston begins at top dead center (T.D.C.) and ends at bottom dead center
(B.D.C.). In this stroke the intake valve must be in the open position while the piston pulls an air-fuel
mixture into the cylinder by producing vacuum pressure into the cylinder through its downward motion.
Compression: This stroke begins at B.D.C, or just at the end of the suction stroke, and ends at T.D.C. In
this stroke the piston compresses the air-fuel mixture in preparation for ignition during the power stroke
(below). Both the intake and exhaust valves are closed during this stage.
Power: This is the start of the second revolution of the four stroke cycle. At this point the crankshaft has
completed a full 360 degree revolution. While the piston is at T.D.C. (the end of the compression stroke)
the compressed air-fuel mixture is ignited by a spark plug (in a gasoline engine) or by heat generated by
high compression (diesel engines), forcefully returning the piston to B.D.C. This stroke produces
mechanical work from the engine to turn the crankshaft.
Exhaust: During the exhaust stroke, the piston once again returns to T.D.C from B.D.C while the exhaust
valve is open. This action expels the spent air-fuel mixture through the exhaust valve.

Choose the correct answer a, b, c, or d!

1. Main idea Question
What is the main idea of this passage ?
A. The piston compresses the air-fuel mixture
B. The four stroke engine is a reciprocating internal combustion
C. The two stroke engine part
D. The exhaust stroke
Anwer : B

2. Stated detail Question

According to the passage, how the valve operating?
A. The Valve are operated by Camshaft
B. The Valve are operated by Piston
C. The Valve are operated by Wheel
D. The Valve are operated by Fuel
Anwer : A

3. Unstated detail Question

Which of the following statement is not True?
A. The key part of the engine id crankshaft, connecting rod, camshaft, valve and piston
B. The compresion stroke starts when piston at BDC
C. The connecting rod and crankshaft convert reciprocating motion into rotating motion
D. The air – fuel mixture into cylinder by vacuum pressure
Anwer : B

4. Implied detail Question

It can be inferred from the first paragraph that the key part of the engine are?
A. The intake
B. The exhaust
C. The Crankshaft, Connecting rod, camshaft, valve and piston
D. The fuel
Anwer : B

5. Vocabolary in context
The word “ Begins” in line 13 can be replaced by ?
A. Helpful
B. know
C. Starts
D. Clever
Anwer : C
6. Where Question
Where is the passage does the author mentions “ Vacuum” ?
A. In the line 1
B. In the line 5
C. In the line 10
D. In the line 15
Anwer : D

7. Referense Question
The word “ it is” in line 6 refer to ?
A. Piston
B. Valve
Anwer : A

8. Purpose Question
The passage is purpose to ?
A. Explain the two stroke engine
B. Explain the four stroke engine
C. Explain the exaust engine
D. Explain the combustion engine
Anwer : B