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INTRODUCTION constitute one of its most significant
information processing elements (see
neuroscience). In a neural network
An artificial neural network are usually model, simple nodes, called variously
called as “neural network”. The "neurons", "neurodes", "PEs"
artificial neural networks forms a "processing elements" or "units", are
mathematical model or computational connected together to form a network of
model that tries to stimulate the nodes — hence the term "neural
functional and the structural behavior of network". While a neural network does
a biological neural networks. It forms not have to be adaptive per se, its
the interconnected group of artificial practical use comes with algorithms
neurons and process the information to designed to alter the strength (weights)
form a computation using connectionist of the connections in the network to
approach .in most cases artificial neural produce a desired signal flow.
networks is an adaptive system that
changes its structure based on external or The basic architecture consists of three
internal information that flows through types of neuron layers: input, hidden,
the network during the learning phase. and output layers
Neural networks are non-linear statistical
data modeling tools. They can be used to
model complex relationships between
inputs and outputs or to find patterns in

A neural network has to be

There is no perfect definition for neural configured such that the
networks ,but it can be said that it application of a set of inputs
involves a network of simple processing produces the desired set of
elements such as “neurons” it exhibits a outputs. Various methods to set
complex behaviour , determined by the
the strengths of the connections
connections between the processing
exist. One way is to set the
elements and the elemental parameters.
weights explicitly, using a priori
The inspiration for the artificial neural
knowledge. Another way is to
networks came from the “central neural
train the neural network by feeding it
system”and the neurons (and their
teaching patterns and letting it changeits
axons, dendrites and synapses) which
weights according to some learning rule.
 ANN parallel processing -
Fast,Can handle large
APPLICATIONS amounts sensory information.

 Approximate matching /
 System identification and control Generalisation .
 Game-playing and decision
making (backgammon, chess,  Robust to structural variations.
 Pattern recognition (radar  Pre-processing less critical.
systems, face identification,
object recognition and more),  ANN Learning _No need for
 Data mining (or knowledge knowledge design,Easier to re-
discovery in databases, "KDD"), configure.
visualization and e-mail spam
 Artificial neural networks in DISADVANTAGE
laboratory medicine.
 The Application of Artificial
Neural Networks to  Minimizing overfitting requires a
Monitoring and Control of and great deal of computational
Induction Hardening Process. effort.
 Artificial Neural Networks to  The individual relations between
misuse detection. the input variables and the output
 Multiprocessor scheduling and variables are not developed by
task assignment. engineering judgment so that the
 VLSI placement and routing. model tends to be a black box or
 Credit Scoring- Determine input/output table without
whether a load should be analytical basis.
approved based on features  The sample size has to be large.
extracted from applicant’s
 Improving direct mailing
response rate.
 Machine Control/Robot
 Financial/Scientific/Engineering
Time seriesforecasting.
 Inverse modeling of vocal tract.