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ENGINEERING STANDARDS

PIPING, DESIGN AND LAYOUT

ES-PPG-0201

The information contained in this document is confidential and proprietary to NOVA Chemicals and
may not be disclosed in whole or in part to any other individual or organization without the prior written
consent of NOVA Chemicals.
Use of this information for any purpose other than that authorized by NOVA Chemicals is strictly
prohibited.

Rev. No.: 10
First Issue Date: 28.07.1999 Rev. Date: 26.06.2013

Leadership Approval:
Dave Richmond
Director, Central Engineering

Technical Approval:

Gary Laevens Joep Beurskens Nick Mastrobuono


Mechanical Engineer (ME) Mechanical Engineer (MW) Mechanical Engineer (ME)
ENGINEERING STANDARDS
REVISION REGISTER
Standard Number: ES-PPG-0201
Standard Name: Piping, Design and Layout

Rev to Authored /
Rev Approved
Section Description Date Reviewed
No. By
No. By
01 5.15.1; Add drain pipe design guide for corrosion 19.Nov.02 Chester Kos E. Wong
5.15.2; prevention improvement; add nitrogen line
5.15.3, 10.7 connection design guide for back-flow and
cross contamination prevention
02 5.2.2; ‘Clamp-on’ type chain-wheel shall not be used. 15.Jul.04 Blaine Weller E. Wong
5.11.7; Appendix “B” update
Appendix B
03 5.14.1; - New guideline for use of Flangeless valve. 30.Apr.05 Blaine Weller E. Wong
7.2.4; - Reinforce pump positive shut-off provision.
11.1.6, - Add statements to warn U/G piping use.
11.2.8
04 7.1; 7.3; Add new sections 9.2.10, 12 and 15.2 on 20.Oct.06 Adrian Pawson E. Wong
9.2.10; 12; Manual Gas shutoff valve, Non-metallic piping;
15.2 Strainer selection and drawings
05 5.13.2 Add new clause to alert the use of Ball check 31.Mar.07 Gary Laevens E. Wong
valves
06 Dwg 8117 Changed 8117 to 8117A and added new 22.May.07 E. Wong
drawing 8117B
07 Dwgs Remove 8092, add 8093 16.Nov.07 G. Laevens N.
Mastrobuono
08 1.1.2 Renamed EG-PPG-0201 to ES-PPG-0201 18.Apr.11 G. Laevens J. Beurskens
1.2.2 Updated to reflect change to a specification. N. Mastrobuono
2.2 General update
2.3 Reference to EG-PPG-0101 deleted.
4.1.3 General updates to reference NOVA Stds.
5.1.1 Added NFPA and NSF industry standards.
5.3.1 Deleted
5.9.3 to Specific reference to EG-ENV-0101, ES-PPG-
5.9.6 1001, EG-PRO-0101 and ES-PRO-0102
removed
5.13 NPS 2 is minimum size permitted in racks
5.14 General update to clarify expectations
5.14.1 surrounding valves and specialty valves
5.15.1 General rewording
5.15.4 Renamed from Flangeless to Wafer Type
5.17.1 Valves
5.18 Reworded to not permit non-lugged versus not
6.2.10 recommended
6.75, 6.76 General update
7.2.11 Update to clarify expectation around use of
9 table
9.1.2 General update
10.9 Updated to reflect new gusseting requirements.
General update
Word ‘STATIC’ included in title
New: All potable water distribution system to
comply with NSF61
ENGINEERING STANDARDS
REVISION REGISTER
Standard Number: ES-PPG-0201
Standard Name: Piping, Design and Layout

Rev to Authored /
Rev Approved
Section Description Date Reviewed
No. By
No. By
09 2.3 Added ASME B16.48 (Line Blanks). Updated 23.May.12 G. Laevens J. Beurskens
CGA to reflect CSA
5.5.3 to Modified to reflect using ASME B16.48
5.5.7 dimensions on blanks and spacer for piping
classes having less than ⅛” (3 mm) corrosion
allowance
5.6.1 Removed reference to ES-PPG-1505
5.9.8 Added wording to clarify that if valves are to be
supplied with bypass lines that this is clearly
specified when ordering the valves.
5.13.1 to Clarified instructions
5.13.3
6.2.8, 7.1.1, Removed reference to MAC standards
7.2.1
8.0 Added NOTE above General section
8.1.1 Removed reference to IAC Standard
8.2 to 8.3 All direction removed and reference to EG-
PRO-0104 through EG-PRO-0109 added
9.2.1 Corrected CAN to CSA
9.2.8 Modified wording to reflect requirements for
documentation of flexible connections
9.2.10 Corrected error in CSA code being referenced
and modified wording
16.1.1 Updated wording to reflect that connection
methods used on temporary installations
involving hydrocarbon or hazardous services
that do not comply with those in the line class
require and approved deviation
16.1.2 Updated wording to reflect that wood only to be
used as temporary support if process
temperatures permit
17 Added ‘Swage Nipple Selection’
18 Added ‘Instructions for use of NOVA Corporate
Piping Specifications in Existing NOVA
Facilities’. This was previously found in ES-
PPG-1502
10 2.2.17 Added reference to ASME B16.48. 26.Jun.13 M. Nobert G. Laevens
5.5 Change Request C13-04-PPG-503; J. Beurskens
Revised requirements for blanks and spacers.
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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Initial Issue Date: Piping, Design and Layout Rev. No.: 10
28.07.1999 Rev. Date: 26.06.2013

TABLE OF CONTENTS
Page No.

1. GENERAL .................................................................................................................................. 7
1.1 Scope .............................................................................................................................. 7
1.2 Units of Measurement ..................................................................................................... 7
1.3 Definition of Terms .......................................................................................................... 7

2. STANDARDS, CODES AND REGULATIONS ........................................................................... 7


2.1 General ........................................................................................................................... 7
2.2 NOVA Engineering Standards ......................................................................................... 7
2.3 Industry Standards and Codes ........................................................................................ 8

3. GOVERNANCE OF DOCUMENTS ............................................................................................ 9


3.1 General ........................................................................................................................... 9

4. QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) AND QUALITY CONTROL (QC) ................................................ 9


4.1 General ........................................................................................................................... 9

5. GENERAL PIPING DETAILS ................................................................................................... 10


5.1 General Arrangement / Piping Plans ............................................................................. 10
5.2 Clearances .................................................................................................................... 11
5.3 Line Details ................................................................................................................... 11
5.4 Fitting Details ................................................................................................................ 11
5.5 Blinds \ Blanks............................................................................................................... 12
5.6 Connections .................................................................................................................. 12
5.7 Maintenance Facilities ................................................................................................... 13
5.8 Miscellaneous Fittings ................................................................................................... 13
5.9 Valves ........................................................................................................................... 13
5.10 Valve Locations and Arrangements ............................................................................... 14
5.11 Valve Chain Wheels and Extensions ............................................................................. 15
5.12 Open End Details (Valves) ............................................................................................ 16
5.13 Check Valves ................................................................................................................ 16
5.14 Wafer Type Valves ........................................................................................................ 17
5.15 Vents and Drains........................................................................................................... 17
5.16 Bypasses ...................................................................................................................... 18
5.17 Instrument Connections ................................................................................................ 18
5.18 Gusseting ...................................................................................................................... 18
5.19 Pressure Testing ........................................................................................................... 19

6. PIPE SUPPORTS ..................................................................................................................... 20


6.1 Thermal Movement ....................................................................................................... 20
6.2 Supports........................................................................................................................ 20
6.3 Hangers ........................................................................................................................ 21
6.4 Pipe Spacing ................................................................................................................. 21
6.5 Guides........................................................................................................................... 21
6.6 Shoes ............................................................................................................................ 22
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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28.07.1999 Rev. Date: 26.06.2013

6.7 Anchors ......................................................................................................................... 22

7. PUMPS AND COMPRESSOR PIPING ..................................................................................... 22


7.1 Pump Suction Piping ..................................................................................................... 22
7.2 Pump Piping Arrangements........................................................................................... 22
7.3 Compressor Piping Arrangement .................................................................................. 23

8. PRESSURE RELIEF PIPING AND DEPRESSURING SYSTEMS ............................................ 24


8.1 General ......................................................................................................................... 24
8.2 Over Pressure Protection Requirements ....................................................................... 24

9. LAYOUT OF PIPING AROUND STATIC EQUIPMENT ............................................................ 25


9.1 General ......................................................................................................................... 25
9.2 Heater Piping ................................................................................................................ 25
9.3 Vessel Piping ................................................................................................................ 26
9.4 Exchanger Piping .......................................................................................................... 26
9.5 Storage Tank Piping ...................................................................................................... 27

10. UTILITY PIPING ....................................................................................................................... 27


10.1 General ......................................................................................................................... 27
10.2 Steam Piping ................................................................................................................. 27
10.3 Condensate Piping ........................................................................................................ 28
10.4 Steam Trapping and Tracing ......................................................................................... 28
10.5 Process Cooling Water Piping ....................................................................................... 29
10.6 Utility Stations ............................................................................................................... 29
10.7 Permanent Nitrogen Connections to Process Vessels and Lines .................................. 29
10.8 Safety Shower and Eye Wash Fountains ...................................................................... 30
10.9 Potable Water ............................................................................................................... 30

11. UNDERGROUND PIPING ........................................................................................................ 30


11.1 General ......................................................................................................................... 30
11.2 Sewers and Drainage Piping ......................................................................................... 30
11.3 Fire Protection System .................................................................................................. 31

12. NON-METALLIC PIPING ......................................................................................................... 31


12.1 General ......................................................................................................................... 31
12.2 Limitations ..................................................................................................................... 31

13. WINTERIZATION ..................................................................................................................... 32


13.1 General ......................................................................................................................... 32
13.2 Condensate Piping ........................................................................................................ 32
13.3 Steam Piping ................................................................................................................. 32
13.4 Water ............................................................................................................................ 33
13.5 Process Piping Above Grade ........................................................................................ 33

14. INSULATION ............................................................................................................................ 33


NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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28.07.1999 Rev. Date: 26.06.2013

15. SAMPLING............................................................................................................................... 33
15.1 General Piping Design Requirements ........................................................................... 33

16. TEMPORARY PIPING .............................................................................................................. 34


16.1 General Requirements .................................................................................................. 34
16.2 Strainer Selection .......................................................................................................... 34

17. SWAGE NIPPLE SELECTION ................................................................................................. 36

18. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE OF NOVA CORPORATE PIPING CLASSES IN EXISTING NOVA
FACILITIES .............................................................................................................................. 36
18.1 General ......................................................................................................................... 36
18.2 New Piping Installations ................................................................................................ 37
18.3 New Piping Installations Connecting to Existing Piping ................................................. 37
18.4 Replacement in Kind ..................................................................................................... 38
18.5 Examples of Using New Piping Classes ........................................................................ 38

19. APPENDIX A – DEFINITION OF TERMS................................................................................. 41


19.1 Definitions of Standard Engineering Terms ................................................................... 41
19.2 Definitions of Engineering Discipline Terms .................................................................. 42

20. APPENDIX B – LINKS TO STANDARD NOVA DETAIL DRAWINGS WEBPAGES................ 42

21. APPENDIX C – LINKS TO NOVA ENGINEERING STANDARD DRAWINGS ......................... 43


NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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28.07.1999 Rev. Date: 26.06.2013

1. GENERAL

1.1 Scope

1.1.1 This Engineering Standard defines the specific requirements for the design and layout of all
above and below ground process and utility piping for NOVA Chemicals Corporation
(hereinafter referred to as 'NOVA').

1.1.2 This specification was developed for specific use by NOVA engineering, maintenance, project
personnel and consulting engineers acting on behalf of NOVA.

1.1.3 No variation shall be made from this Standard without prior completion and approval of a
NOVA Engineering Standards Variance Form (No. SPF-012).

1.2 Units of Measurement

1.2.1 All units of measurement are expressed in English Units (U.S. Conventional System of
Measurement) followed by the International System of Metric Units (SI) in parentheses.

1.3 Definition of Terms

1.3.1 The definitions of standard engineering and discipline terms used throughout this Standard are
listed in Appendix ‘A’.

2. STANDARDS, CODES AND REGULATIONS

2.1 General
NOVA representatives and its suppliers are responsible for identifying, issuing and using
copies of the applicable editions / addenda of NOVA Standards, and Industry Standards and
Codes, cited in Sections 2.2 and 2.3 below.

2.2 NOVA Engineering Standards


1. EG-CIV-0112 Underground Sewers and Drains Guideline
2. EG-EXG-0101 Shell and Tube Heat Exchangers, Design Guideline
3. ES-IAC-1701 Analytical Instruments Sampling and Analysis, General Requirements
4. EG-INS-0101 Thermal Insulation, Administrative Selection Guideline
5. EG-MAC-0701 Guideline for Lubrication, Shaft-Sealing, Control-Oil, Instrumentation,
Electrical and Piping Systems for Rotating Equipment Trains and
Package Units
6. ES-PCL-0301 Protective Coatings for Underground Piping
7. EG-PPG-0105 Piping, Guideline for Linelist
8. ES-PPG-0207 Piping, Piping Flexibility
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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9. EG-PPG-0601 Piping, Steam Tracing Systems Design Guideline


10. ES-PPG-1201 Piping, Pressure Testing for Piping and Equipment
11. ES-PPG-1506 Piping, Instrument Gauge Valve Connections
12. ES-PPG-1507 Piping, Vents and Drains
13. ES-PPG-1601 Piping, Pipe Support Design
14. ES-PPG-1602 Piping, Allowable Pipe Span Between Supports
15. ES-PPG-1603 Piping, Pipe Supports Installation
16. ES-PPG-1604 Piping, Pipe Supports Numbering System
17. ES-PPG-8102 ASME B16.48 Based Blanks and Spacers, Types, Dimensions &
General Notes
18. EG-PRO-0104 Pressure Safety Devices Design Guideline – General
19. EG-PRO-0105 Pressure Safety Devices Design Guideline – Overpressure Causes
and Assumptions
20. EG-PRO-0106 Pressure Safety Devices Design Guideline – Calculation of Required
Relief Capacity
21. EG-PRO-0107 Pressure Safety Devices Design Guideline – Selection of Relief
Device
22. EG-PRO-0108 Pressure Safety Devices Design Guideline – Sizing of Relief Device
23. EG-PRO-0109 Pressure Safety Devices Design Guideline – Installation
24. ES-TNK-0101 Tankage, API 650 – General
25. EG-VLV-0101 Valves Selection / Design Guideline
26. ES-VLV-0102 Valves, General Requirements
27. NOVA LPS
NOVA Loss Prevention Engineering Standards (LPS)
Standards

2.3 Industry Standards and Codes


1. API RP 520 Sizing, Selection and Installation of Pressure-Relieving Devices
(Part I – Sizing and Selection, and Part II – Installation)
2. API RP 521 Guide for Pressure Relieving and Depressurizing Systems
3. ASME B16.25 Buttwelding Ends
4. ASME B16.48 Line Blanks
5. ASME B31.3 Process Piping
6. ASME B31.1 Power Piping
7. ASME Code Power Boiler Code, Section 1
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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8. ASTM D1248 to Various Specifications


F714
9. CSA / CGA-B149.1 Natural Gas Installation Code
10. CSA / CGA-B149.3 Code for the Field Approval of Fuel-Related Components on
Appliances and Equipment
11. CSA / CGA-3.16- Lever Operated Non-Lubricated Gas Shut-Off Valves
M88
12. NFPA 15 Water Spray Fixed Systems for Fire Protection

13. NFPA 24 Standard for the Installation of Private Fire Service Mains and Their
Appurtenances
14. NSF61 National Sanitary Foundation (NSF) - Drinking Water System
Components - Health Effects

3. GOVERNANCE OF DOCUMENTS

3.1 General

Where variances occur between the documents explaining the work, the following order of
precedence will govern as they apply:

3.1.1 Purchasing Document

3.1.2 The Scope of Work

3.1.3 Drawings / Specifications / Standards


In the case of variances or inconsistencies between the drawings, specifications or standards
the supplier(s) shall consult with the NOVA representative for a decision before proceeding
with the work.

4. QUALITY ASSURANCE (QA) AND QUALITY CONTROL (QC)

4.1 General

4.1.1 It is the responsibility of the Piping Design Department to perform a conformance check to the
P&IDs. It is also the responsibility of the Piping Design Department to perform a physical
check of all piping for interference with steelwork, equipment and cable trays, etc. and to
ensure that the piping will correctly connect with the equipment and meets the criteria laid
down in the stress analysis.

4.1.2 The Piping Design Department must also take into account the design requirements for piping
connections as specified in other NOVA Engineering Standards for pressure vessels, rotating
equipment, etc. These requirements are detailed in the NOVA Engineering Standards listed in
Section 2.2 of this document.
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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Initial Issue Date: Piping, Design and Layout Rev. No.: 10
28.07.1999 Rev. Date: 26.06.2013

5. GENERAL PIPING DETAILS

5.1 General Arrangement / Piping Plans

5.1.1 The Piping Engineers and Designers are to utilize project design basis information, P&IDs and
Linelists prior to proceeding with the design of any piping systems.

5.1.2 All piping systems shall be routed using the shortest possible runs and using the minimum
number of fittings.

5.1.3 Preferably, all piping shall be above ground. However, large diameter pipe in non-flammable
services such as cooling water supply and return lines may be buried.

5.1.4 Piping shall be supported as follows:


a) All insulated and heat traced lines shall be supported on metal shoes. Lines with 3 inch (75
millimeters) thick insulation or less shall have the Bottom of Pipe (BOP) set at 4 inches (100
millimeters) above the Top of Steel (TOS). Lines with insulation greater than 3 inches (75
millimeters) shall have their BOP set at 6 inches (150 millimeters) above TOS. Where
insulation thickness exceeds 5 inches (125 millimeters), special shoes must be designed.

b) Un-insulated lines with a design temperature below 250°F (121°C) shall rest directly on the
supporting steelwork.

c) Un-insulated lines with a design temperature of 150°F (65.6°C) and above that rest on
concrete members shall be supported on metal shoes.

d) All lines in cryogenic services shall be installed at an elevation necessary to accommodate


the required insulation thickness.

5.1.5 Automated, modulating and relief valves shall be located in piping systems to be accessible from
platforms or grade and grouped together at main operating platform or levels.

5.1.6 Piping entering or leaving a process unit area shall have an isolation valve and a spectacle blind
located at the unit’s battery limit.

5.1.7 Dead legs or pockets shall be avoided wherever possible; however, if a dead leg or pocket
occurs, provide a drain.

5.1.8 Directional changes in pipe racks and piping layouts shall normally include an elevation change,
by a minimum of one 90° (degree) elbow rolled at 45° (degree), plus a 45° (degree) elbow. Route
the piping in north / south direction at consistent elevations different from east / west consistent
elevations. Difference in elevation between north / south and east / west racks shall preferably be
set by the elevation change required by two long radius 90° (degree) elbows on the largest size
line on the rack. For very large lines, it may be practical to use same elevation direction changes.
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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Initial Issue Date: Piping, Design and Layout Rev. No.: 10
28.07.1999 Rev. Date: 26.06.2013

5.2 Clearances

5.2.1 The minimal overhead clearance to the underside of any obstructions, i.e.: flanges, insulation
or structural support or steel over roadways, platforms, etc. shall be as follows:
a) Normal overhead, inside battery limits 10 feet, 0 inches (3.0 meters)
b) Above platform and walkways 8 feet, 0 inches (2.5 meters)
c) Inside buildings or within common equipment groups 8 feet, 0 inches (2.5 meters)
d) Plant road, outside battery limits 22 feet, 0 inches (6.7 meters)
e) At grade (sleepers) 1 foot, 0 inches (0.3 meters)
f) Plant road, trucking area, inside battery limits 18 feet, 0 inches (5.5 meters)
g) Clearance around railroads and public roadways 22 feet, 0 inches (6.7 meters)

5.2.2 To permit ready access for the maintenance and inspection of a line, a minimum side clearance
of 1 inch (25 millimeters) shall be provided between parallel lines outside of insulation or between
flanges and pipe insulation. Refer to NOVA ‘Pipe Spacing’ Engineering Drawings – Standard
Details Numbers ES-PPG-8130 through to ES-PPG-8135. Thermal movements shall be taken
into consideration in determining side clearances.

5.3 Line Details

5.3.1 The minimum line size for process or utility piping installed on pipe racks shall be NPS 2.
Underground piping shall be NPS 4 minimum.

5.3.2 Pipe sizes of NPS 1¼, NPS 2½ and NPS 5 are not to be used.

5.3.3 Where a branch is connected to a header of a higher material specification or rating, the header
specification shall prevail up to and including the first shutoff valve in the line of the branch.

5.3.4 Where practical, provide a flanged connection between steel and alloy piping to avoid dissimilar
welds.

5.4 Fitting Details

5.4.1 Provide a break flange in piping that must be removed frequently for maintenance or inspection.

5.4.2 The use of unions is to be kept to a minimum.

5.4.3 Flanges are to be kept to a minimum in piping system, particularly in high pressure steam service,
heat transfer oil, hydrogen, oxygen and overhead pipe racks.

5.4.4 Reducing bushings shall not be used. Where pipe size reduction is required, a swage nipple or
butt weld reducer shall be used.
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5.4.5 Connections to equipment, in-line instruments or valves fabricated from cast iron material shall be
made with flat-faced flanges.

5.4.6 Long radius elbows are to be used for all butt weld piping systems, unless otherwise specified.

5.5 Blinds \ Blanks

5.5.1 Use weld caps to close headers or dead ends of above ground lines. In steam headers and
where cleanout branches are required, the lines should be terminated using a blind flange and
provide a drain valve.

5.5.2 Ladders and platforms shall be provided for access to line blinds.

5.5.3 With the exception of the handle, spacer and blank dimensions shall be in accordance with
ASME B16.48 for all piping classes having ≤ ⅛ inch, (3 millimeters) corrosion allowance.

5.5.4 Handles identifying paddle spacers and paddle blanks shall be manufactured in accordance with
NOVA Engineering Standard Detail ES-PPG-8102 ASME B16.48 Based Blanks & Spacers,
Types, Dimensions & General Notes.

5.5.5 Permanent handling equipment shall be provided for all figure-8 blanks, paddle spacers and
paddle blanks weighing more than 123.5 pounds (56 kilograms) unless mobile lifting equipment
can be used.

5.5.6 Piping at vessel nozzles shall be arranged so that blanks or spacers can be readily installed or
valves and/or pipe spools removed for maintenance blinding.

5.5.7 Figure-8 (spectacle) blinds shall be used in lieu of a spacer and blank set when the weight of the
figure-8 assembly is less than 123.5 pounds (56 kilograms). The use of figure-8 blanks that meet
this criteria would be preferred in locations where there is limited equipment access. In locations
where figure-8 blanks are used, there must be enough space to rotate the figure-8 blank about
one bolt hole. Locations where the paddle blank weighs more than 81.5 pounds (37 kilograms)
should preferably be installed between flanges in the vertical plane.

5.5.8 Locations where the above limitations on blank and spacer weight will be exceeded must be
reviewed and approved by NOVA Engineering, Operations and Maintenance groups in the
affected facility.

5.6 Connections

5.6.1 Branch connections are governed by the branch table specified in the applicable piping class.

5.6.2 Branch connections to headers in utility gases, air, condensate and steam shall be made into the
top of the header.

5.6.3 Branch connections to headers for liquids other than condensate shall be made into the bottom of
the header.
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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5.6.4 Threaded connections into welded piping systems are only acceptable for instrument tubing and
shall be located downstream of the last block valve from the header.

5.7 Maintenance Facilities

5.7.1 Where equipment must be removed for maintenance, piping around such equipment shall be
self-supporting so that a minimum of temporary pipe supports is required for equipment
maintenance.

5.8 Miscellaneous Fittings

5.8.1 Miscellaneous piping fittings, i.e.: traps, strainers, meters and filters, etc., that are not covered
by ASME codes, shall have their design registered with the governing authority. See also
NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-PPG-0601 Piping, Steam Tracing Systems Design
Guideline.

5.9 Valves

5.9.1 The type of valves to be used in any piping system shall be governed by the type indicated on the
P&ID. Double block and bleed installation shall be provided in locations as shown on the P&ID.

5.9.2 Valves shall be specified in accordance with the following NOVA Engineering Guidelines and
Standards:
 EG-VLV-0101 Valves, Selection / Design Guideline
 ES-VLV-0102 Valves, General Requirements

5.9.3 Unless considered a specialty valve, only valves specified within the applicable NOVA piping line
classes are to be selected.

5.9.4 Valves are to be designed, fabricated and tested in accordance with the NOVA valve datasheets
and the standards referenced therein. Any deviations from the NOVA valve datasheets require
NOVA engineering approval.

5.9.5 Unless an equipment tag number is assigned, any valve used that does not have an existing
corporate valve number will be considered a specialty item. A specialty number is to be assigned
and specialty valve datasheet to be created.

5.9.6 Valves are be supplied by NOVA approved manufacturers. See approved manufacturers list
located on the corporate website. Individual projects may elect to generate a project specific
approved valve manufacturers list that must be approved by NOVA Engineering.

5.9.7 Globe valves in sizes NPS 6 or larger shall only be used when specified by NOVA.
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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5.9.8 When a pressure balancing bypass is required as shown on P&ID's, the bypass sizes shall be as
follows:
Valve Diameter
Class 150 Class 300 Class 600 Class 900 and above
(NPS)
4 - - - NPS ¾
6 - - NPS ¾ NPS ¾
8 - - NPS ¾ NPS ¾
10 - NPS 1 NPS 1 NPS 1
12 NPS 1 NPS 1 NPS 1 NPS 1
14 to 20 NPS 1½ NPS 1½ NPS 1½ NPS 1½
24 NPS 2 NPS 2 NPS 2 -

Note: Engineering must ensure that the need for a bypass line, the size and the specific
valve(s) to be used on this bypass line is clearly identified on either the purchase order or
valve datasheet. Purchase order must specify whether a single or double isolation valve is
required on the bypass line. See NOVA Engineering Standard ES-VLV-0102 Valves, General
Requirements.

5.9.9 Gear operators shall be specified for gate valves when required by NOVA Engineering
Standard ES-VLV-0102 Valves, General Requirements and the table below. Gear operators for
other types of valves shall be as specified by the valve manufacturer.
Valve Nominal Size
ASME Class
(NPS)
150 ≥ 12
300 ≥ 12
600 ≥ 10
900 ≥ 10
1500 ≥8
2500 ≥6

5.10 Valve Locations and Arrangements

5.10.1 Other than at battery limits, locating valves in pipe racks is to be kept to a minimum.

5.10.2 Valves shall preferably be installed with their stems in the vertical plane with hand wheels and
operators on top. Isolation valves on flare headers and relief valve isolation valves should be
installed with their stems in the horizontal position.

5.10.3 Block valves on branch connections running on to a pipe rack shall be located as close to the
header as possible.
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5.10.4 Block valves on branch lines off headers shall be arranged for self-draining on both sides or
provided with drain points.

5.10.5 All valves that are normally operated as part of the unit operation shall be accessible and
operable either from grade or a platform reached by a ladder or stairway. This also applies to all
motor operated valves.

5.10.6 Orientation of operators and hand wheels shall be such that they do not obstruct access along
the platforms or walkways.

5.10.7 Infrequently operated block valves, such as valves located in pipe racks, should be accessible
from portable ladders at no more than 20 feet (6 meters) above grade.

5.11 Valve Chain Wheels and Extensions

5.11.1 Chain operators (chain wheels or chain levers on quarter-turn valves) and extension stems are to
be kept to a minimum. They shall be avoided for valves NPS 1½ and smaller and valves with
non-rising stems.

5.11.2 All valves that are subject to frequent or emergency operation and are located 7 feet (2.1 meters)
or more above grade or platform level shall be provided with chain operators or extension stems.
However, the emphasis shall always be on locating the valves in an accessible position with the
provision of chain wheel operators being a last resort option.

5.11.3 When chain operators cannot be avoided, they must be specified in accordance with this
standard, including all safety devices. All valves with chain operators shall be indicated on the
P&IDs. Chain operators shall be indicated on the isometric drawing with a complete, detailed bill
of material for all components of the chain operator and safety devices.

5.11.4 Chain wheels on valves NPS 6 and larger shall be provided with impact devices when chain
length is 6 feet (1.8 meters) or greater.

5.11.5 Valves equipped with chain operators shall have their stems arranged so that the chains do not
fall on the equipment. Chains shall terminate 4 feet (1.2 meters) above grade or platform. Hooks
shall be provided to hold chains clear of operating areas.

5.11.6 Chain operators must be installed as per manufacturer’s recommendations. Modification of the
chain operator / valve hand wheel clamping device is not permitted. Before operating the valve
for the first time it shall be inspected and tested to ensure proper installation and operation.

5.11.7 All chain wheels shall be of the direct mount style, where the Original Equipment Manufacturer
(OEM) valve hand wheel is removed and the adapter plate is machined to the identical hole
design (i.e.: replaces the OEM hand wheel exactly). Clamp-on type chain wheels are not
acceptable.
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5.11.8 The adapter plate mounting hole shall be round with a keyway for attachment to the valve sleeve
yoke or tapered square hole for mounting on the end of the valve stem.

5.11.9 After installation of the chain wheel operator, the OEM hand wheel retaining nut shall be locked in
place by drilling and tapping the nut and installing a set screw to prevent loosening. (See NOVA
Engineering Drawing ES-PPG-8148).

5.11.10 A safety cable shall be installed on all chain operated valves, on both existing and new
installations. The safety cable shall secure the chain wheel operator (or lever operator, in the
case of quarter turn valves) such that the chain operator is secured against falling in the event
that it comes loose. The safety cable shall not interfere with the operation of the valve. On chain
wheel operated valves, one (1) end of the cable shall be looped around the valve yoke and the
other end around the centre leg of the chain guide. (See NOVA Engineering Drawing ES-PPG-
8149). Note that some OEM manufacturers stock safety cables for their operators. On chain
lever operated valves, one (1) end of the chain shall be looped around the valve body and the
other end through a hole in the lever located near the point of rotation. (See NOVA Engineering
Drawing ES-PPG-8150).

5.11.11 Material of construction for chain wheel operators shall be ductile iron. Aluminium may be
substituted if ductile iron is not available.

5.12 Open End Details (Valves)

5.12.1 Open-ended valves shall be equipped with either bull plugs or blind flanges.

5.13 Check Valves

5.13.1 Check valve selection should be as directed in the applicable piping class and its notes. See
NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-VLV-0101 Valves, Selection / Design Guideline and consult
with process engineering should further direction be required when selecting the check valve
style.

5.13.2 Spring-loaded check valves are recommended for pulsating services.

5.13.3 Swing checks and piston check valves shall be located in the horizontal or in vertical pipe when
the flow is upwards. Piston checks used in the vertical must be equipped with springs.

5.13.4 Ball type check valves shall only be used in low-pressure water services.
The user is cautioned in the use of 'Ball Check Valves'. When the piping layout dictates, these
types of check valves should only be used in vertical lines with upward flow. In this case the
choice of spring is optional. The use of ball checks is not recommended for use in horizontal
lines due to gravity effect causing the ball to roll off the seat. If absolutely necessary, ball
checks in horizontal lines must have springs to assist closing. The user must consult the valve
manufacturer for specific application recommendations.
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5.14 Wafer Type Valves

5.14.1 Non Lugged wafer type valves with exposed studs are not permitted in the following services
due to the potential relaxation and weakening of their long studs / bolts in case of fire.
 Flammable materials including hydrocarbons lighter than 68° (degrees) API
 Toxic materials such as phenol, hydrogen sulfide, and chlorine
 Highly corrosive materials such as acid, caustic and other materials that may potentially
injure personnel
 Oxygen and auto-ignition services
 Boiler feed water and steam service above ASME Class 300

5.15 Vents and Drains

5.15.1 Vents and drains generally fall into two (2) categories: ‘Process or Operational’: Those
required to operate the system as required by design or required to fulfill safety requirements.
All ‘Process’ and ‘Operational’ vents and drains must be shown the P&ID's and piping
isometric drawings. Field changes to reduce or eliminate these vents and drains shall not be
permitted except with an Engineering Variance. Such vents and drains are required at high
and low points in the piping to eliminate potential of liquid accumulation on dead legs,
especially on long rack lines. All vent and drain installations shall be as directed in the
applicable NOVA Piping Line Class and in accordance NOVA Engineering Standard ES-PPG-
1507 Piping, Vents and Drains.

5.15.2 The other category, ‘Hydrostatic Test’: Those required at critical locations in order to
successfully complete the required piping hydrostatic test. Vents shall be field located at high
points in the system as well as drains at low points. Additional vents and drains to the
‘Process’ vents and drains are not required if the hydrostatic test can be performed with only
the ‘Process’ vents and drains.

5.15.3 In general, venting and draining shall be accomplished through vessel and / or equipment
connections. Vessel vents and drains may be located in overhead or bottom piping provided no
valves or blinds are located between vent or drain connections and vessels. Bottom drain piping
leaving a vessel may be positioned in a branched position 90° (degrees) from the direction of
flow, and not in the direct path of flow, and using as short a branch as possible to avoid any
excessive dead-pocket and solid accumulation that may promote corrosion in the drain line.

5.15.4 The minimum size vents and drains located on overhead or bottom piping for the purpose of
venting and draining of vessels shall be:
Vessel Volume Vent Size Drain Size
Cubic Feet Cubic Meters (NPS) (NPS)
50 and under 1.42 ¾ 1
51 to 200 1.43 to 5.66 1 1½
201 to 600 5.67 to 16.99 1 2
601 to 2500 17.0 to 70.8 1½ 3
Over 2500 Over 70.8 2 3
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5.15.5 The minimum size bleed valve between two (2) block valves (double block and bleed) shall be
NPS ¾ size.

5.15.6 Drains emptying into open receptacles shall terminate 2 inches (50 millimeters) above the top of
the drain receptacle so that the discharge shall be visible from the location of the drain valve.

5.15.7 All process vents and drains shall be valved and plugged with either a plug or a blind flange.
Vents for hydrotesting, however, need not be valved.

5.16 Bypasses

5.16.1 Bypasses around equipment shall be supplied only to the extent shown on the P&ID’s. Supply
break flanges for isolation (i.e.: by-pass around PSVs).

5.17 Instrument Connections

5.17.1 All instrument connections shall be as directed in the applicable NOVA Piping Line Class and
in accordance with NOVA Engineering Standard ES-PPG-1506 Piping, Instrument Gauge
Valve Connections.

5.18 Gusseting

5.18.1 The following are the minimum requirements for gusseting of dead ended operating and
instrument connections (i.e.: vents, drains, pressure taps and orifice taps etc.) under NPS 2
which are subject to high cantilever motion / fluctuation. Consultation should additional
gusseting may be called for based on site experience

5.18.2 Isometrics are to clearly identify which connections require gusseting and reference the
engineering detail.

5.18.3 Threaded connections do not require gusseting. If you require gusseting in threaded utility
services due to past experiences then the connection shall be welded.

5.18.4 Gusseting shall be in accordance with Engineering Standard Drawings ES-PPG-8117A /


8117B, Small Bore Branch Connections Gusseting Details when:
 Connection is less than NPS 2
 Originating header is ≥ NPS 3
 When the connection is on any Primary Equipment or Service Category identified in Table
1 below
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Table 1: Bracing of Piping Connections

Primary Equipment
Or The First Nipple and Valve Shall Be Braced as Follows
Service Category
Reciprocating or Screw Connections to interstage, upstream and downstream piping and
Compressors equipment associated with reciprocating compressors (Includes
first major piece of equipment upstream and downstream of
compressor). (Pulsation bottles are to be considered as part of the
compressor.)
Centrifugal Connections to piping within the greater of 20 feet (6 meters) or 20
Compressors and pipe diameters, measured along the pipe axis from the equipment
Steam Turbines nozzle.
Centrifugal Pumps and Connections to pump piping within the greater of 20 feet (6 meters)
Rotary Pumps or 20 pipe diameters, measured along the pipe axis from the
equipment nozzle.
Centrifuges Connections to centrifuge piping within the greater of 20 feet (6
meters) or 20 pipe diameters, measured along the pipe axis from
the equipment nozzle.
Machinery where Connections to all piping connected to or supported from any type
rotating or of rotating equipment or its supporting structure. (Includes first
reciprocating major piece of equipment upstream and downstream of machine.)
component speed
range is 60 to 1000
rpm (1 to 17 rev/s)
Piping or Equipment Connections to piping or equipment subject to process induced
subject to Process vibration (e.g.; fluid solids units, lines in two-phase flow, hydraulic
Induced Vibration shock from rapid valve operation, high pressure letdown systems.)
Other Any process system that has been identified by Engineering or
Maintenance as having vibration problems in the past and will
likely experience vibration in the future.

5.19 Pressure Testing

5.19.1 Piping systems shall be pressure tested in accordance with NOVA Engineering Standard ES-
PPG-1201 Piping, Pressure Testing for Piping and Equipment.
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6. PIPE SUPPORTS

6.1 Thermal Movement

6.1.1 Provision for thermal expansion and contraction shall be allowed for in all piping in accordance
with the requirements of the governing codes and NOVA Engineering Standard ES-PPG-0207
Piping, Piping Flexibility.

6.1.2 Thermal expansion requirements shall also take into account the steam-out conditions.

6.1.3 Provision for thermal expansion shall be made with pipe expansion loops. Expansion joints shall
only be used with NOVA’s approval.

6.1.4 All piping systems shall be designed so that the loads and movements applied at the flanges of
mechanical equipment, such as rotating equipment, shall not exceed the permissible reactions for
the equipment as specified by the manufacturers of the equipment and the applicable codes.

6.2 Supports

6.2.1 Design of supports shall be in accordance with NOVA Engineering Standards ES-PPG-1601
through ES-PPG-1604 and NOVA Engineering Standard Drawings ES-PPG-8300 through 8900.

6.2.2 All piping shall be adequately supported to prevent excessive deflection and vibration and the
transmission of excessive loads to vendor supplied equipment.

6.2.3 Pipe support details shall be provided for all piping NPS 3 and above and all alloy piping. Pipe
support details shall also be provided for NPS 2 pipe with an operating temperature above 250°F
(121°C).

6.2.4 Pipe supports, guides, anchors, etc., shall be detailed and the proper location indicated on the
piping drawings or the pipe support location drawings.

6.2.5 Spring supports shall be supplied in their pre-compressed condition with travel stops in place.
Travel stop will be removed after piping installation and hydrotesting has been carried out.

6.2.6 Supports on alloy piping shall be either welded or clamped. Welded or clamped attachments
shall be the same material specification as the pipe. Any deviation shall be approved by NOVA
Engineering. If alternate materials are being considered, they should have similar mechanical
properties (strength, temperature resistance, thermal expansion coefficient) and shall be selected
such that galvanic corrosion will not occur.

6.2.7 Pipe supports shall not be attached to equipment other than pressure vessel and towers.

6.2.8 Pipe supports around equipment that may require regular maintenance, i.e.: pumps or
compressors, should be positioned to allow removal of the equipment without the installation of
temporary pipe supports.
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6.2.9 The span between pipe supports shall be selected to limit pipe deflection. Refer to NOVA
Engineering Standard ES-PPG-1602 Piping, Allowable Pipe Span Between Supports.

6.2.10 Small diameter lines (NPS 2 and below) in a bank of large diameter piping, shall be supported in
such a manner that the support spacing of the piping is not governed by the maximum allowable
span of the small diameter lines. Special provisions shall be made for supporting these small
lines. Refer to NOVA Engineering Standard ES-PPG-1602 Piping, Allowable Pipe Span
Between Supports for allowable spans between supports.

6.2.11 Piping shall not rest directly on ground floors, roof or walkways.

6.2.12 Overhead piping shall be supported beneath the pipe in preference to hanger-type supports.

6.2.13 Piping systems shall be analyzed for flexibility stresses in accordance with NOVA Engineering
Standard ES-PPG-0207 Piping, Piping Flexibility.

6.3 Hangers

6.3.1 The supporting of piping from other piping is not recommended.

6.3.2 The use of spring hangers is required where vertical expansion precludes the use of a rigid
support.

6.4 Pipe Spacing

6.4.1 The Pipe Support Spacing Chart shall govern the minimum pipe spacing of piping. See NOVA
Engineering Standard ES-PPG-1602 Piping, Allowable Pipe Span Between Supports.

6.4.2 Provide additional clearance between pipes on pipe racks where expansion or contraction will
occur.

6.4.3 Allow space along the top level of pipe racks for routing of power and control cable trays and flare
headers.

6.4.4 Piping should be arranged to permit mobile equipment access within the plant for maintenance of
equipment.

6.5 Guides

6.5.1 Guides are to be located to restrict lateral movement of piping without impairing the flexibility of
the piping system. Place guides four (4) to six (6) pipe diameters away from expansion loops and
changes in direction. In general, guide lines NPS 4 and smaller at every other pipe support and
lines NPS 6 and larger at every third support. Stagger the supports on adjacent lines to better
distribute loading on the pipe supports.
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6.6 Shoes

6.6.1 Insulated and traced pipe shall be mounted on a shoe.

6.6.2 Shoe length shall be 12 inches (300 millimeters) minimum or twice the maximum anticipated pipe
movement at its support location. It is sometimes necessary to offset the shoe location during
erection to accommodate future thermal growth. This offset should be indicated on either the
piping plan or the pipe support and isometric drawings.

6.7 Anchors

6.7.1 All pipes shall be anchored at the plant battery limit to avoid transferring offsite movement to each
of the adjacent process plants.

6.7.2 Anchor shall provide sufficient fixation to transmit all loads into the foundations or structure.

6.7.3 Suction and discharge piping on reciprocating equipment shall be given special anchoring
considerations.

6.7.4 Underground piping with mechanical joints shall be provided with thrust blocks at all direction
changes.

7. PUMPS AND COMPRESSOR PIPING

7.1 Pump Suction Piping

7.1.1 Arrange the suction piping on pumps as directly as possible and eliminate all pockets.

7.1.2 Start up temporary strainers shall be installed on all pump suction lines, unless otherwise
specified on the P&ID’s. See strainer selection guide at Section 16 and NOVA Engineering
Drawings ES-PPG-8222 Strainer Design and Mesh Information, ES-PPG-8223A Strainer –
Bathtub (T) Type and ES-PPG-8223B Strainers – Cone and Basket Type.

7.1.3 For pumps with horizontal suction lines, provide at least six (6) pipe diameters of straight pipe
between the pump suction and the last fitting (e.g.: valves, elbows, thermowells, etc.).

7.2 Pump Piping Arrangements

7.2.1 Piping shall be designed to ensure that nozzle loads are as low as possible, ideally, no load in
cold condition. In no case shall the maximum nozzle loads as specified by the pump
manufacturer be exceeded.

7.2.2 Piping at pumps shall be arranged and supported to facilitate removal of internal elements and
case sections without providing temporary supports.

7.2.3 Pump suction and discharge piping shall be supported from overhead if possible. This is to
eliminate the effects of potential differential settlement between pump base and pipe supports.
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7.2.4 Provide removable pipe spools between the block valves and the pumps or drivers to facilitate
maintenance. The pump's immediate connecting suction and discharge piping shall have
positive shutoff, drains / vents, and tell-tale provisions to ensure complete isolation,
depressurization and de-inventory for servicing the pump. Refer to NOVA Engineering Drawing
ES-PPG-8079 Typical Pump Piping Arrangement at Appendix C.

7.2.5 Gland and sealing oil systems and cooling water piping shall be designed in accordance with the
pump manufacturer’s recommendations.

7.2.6 Valves in pump suction piping shall be line size. Valves in pump discharge piping NPS 3 and
larger may be one (1) size less than line size, but no smaller than the pump discharge nozzle
diameter. The discharge line from centrifugal or rotary pumps shall be provided with a check
valve between the pump and the block valve. For vertical discharge pumps, the check valve
shall be located in the vertical line wherever practical. Suction and discharge lines of pumps
shall be drained through drains located at the low point of the pump casing whenever possible.

7.2.7 The drain valve of the pump discharge pressure indicator may be used to vent the pump casing if
the piping configuration warrants.

7.2.8 Casing vents on pumps in light hydrocarbon and hazardous material services shall be piped back
to the vapour space of the source or another suitable vessel.

7.2.9 Where an eccentric reducer flat on top is used on pump suction, a drain valve shall be provided.

7.2.10 Drain valves shall be provided on all pump casings except for pumps in extremely corrosive or
erosive services. For these pumps, drains shall be provided on the piping.

7.3 Compressor Piping Arrangement

7.3.1 Piping shall be designed within the manufacturer’s recommended nozzle loading.

7.3.2 Compressors shall be piped without any pockets between the surge drum and the compressor. If
this arrangement becomes impractical, a drainage system shall be implemented. Top inlets
should be utilized to eliminate low points.

7.3.3 Temporary suction strainers shall be installed to protect the compressor against entry of
extraneous solid materials. These strainers shall be removed after start-up and a spool piece
should be included in the suction piping design to remove these strainers. The strainer shall have
a free area of 1.5 times the suction line area. See strainer selection guide at Section 16 and
NOVA Engineering Drawings ES-PPG-8222 Strainer Design and Mesh Information, ES-PPG-
8223A Strainer – Bathtub (T) Type and ES-PPG-8223B Strainers – Cone and Basket Type.

7.3.4 No protruding objects (such as thermowells) shall be located in the suction piping of any type of
compressor.

7.3.5 Process and auxiliary piping shall be routed to provide easy access to the compressor, gearbox
and driver for operation, inspection and maintenance. Arrange all piping to allow free clearance
completely around each machine.
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7.3.6 Lube and seal oil consoles shall be located locally to the compressor building to minimize piping
to and from the compressor. Refer to NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-MAC-0701 Guideline for
Lubrication, Shaft-Sealing, Control-Oil, Instrumentation, Electrical and Piping Systems for
Rotating Equipment Trains and Package Units. Return oil lines to the console should be
designed to be self-draining back to the console.

8. PRESSURE RELIEF PIPING AND DEPRESSURING SYSTEMS


NOTE: This engineering standard does not outline the overpressure protection requirements
for piping and equipment. It is the responsibility of process engineering to outline the relief
requirements to piping and that these requirements comply with those specified in the NOVA
Process Engineering Standards.

8.1 General

8.1.1 All PSVs shall be accessible from grade or a platform, for servicing and inspection.

8.1.2 Relief piping, including safety, relief valve and rupture disk discharge lines and de-pressuring
systems, whether discharging to closed or open systems, shall be designed in accordance with
ASME B31.3 (ASME B31.1 for boiler relief piping), API RP-520 and API RP-521. Special
consideration shall be given to forces and dynamic loading during relief situations, including
‘normal’ and extraordinary conditions. Consideration shall be given to performing stress analysis
in accordance with NOVA Engineering Standard ES-PPG-0207 Piping, Piping Flexibility.

8.1.3 Supports and connections should be designed to facilitate the removal and replacement of the
relief device.

8.1.4 Refer to attachments, NOVA Engineering Drawings ES-PPG-8075 Pressure Relief Discharge to
Flare, ES-PPG-8076 Safety Valve Discharge to Atmosphere – Utility Service and ES-PPG-8077
Safety Valve Discharge to Atmosphere – Boiler Service for inlet and outlet piping design
consideration.

8.1.5 When a PSV discharges to a flare system, the safety valve shall be mounted at an elevation
higher than the flare header and connected into the top of the flare header so as to ensure the
piping is self-draining.

8.1.6 All PSVs are to be installed in the vertical position.

8.2 Over Pressure Protection Requirements

8.2.1 This document does not outline the overpressure protection requirements for piping and
equipment. It is the responsibility of process engineering to outline the relief requirements and
that these requirements comply with those specified in the NOVA Engineering Process Design
Standards EG-PRO-0104 through EG-PRO-0109.
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9. LAYOUT OF PIPING AROUND STATIC EQUIPMENT

9.1 General

9.1.1 The P&ID’s and the Equipment Location Plan govern piping arrangements. Consideration must
be given to removal and maintenance of equipment. Heat exchanger bundle removal clearances
and other equipment drop out areas must be clearly indicated on piping arrangement drawings.

9.1.2 Piping connected to equipment such as heat exchangers, heaters, pressure vessels, boilers and
storage tanks shall be routed and supported in such a way that loads imposed on the
connections are within the equipment limitations or below designer’s (manufacturer’s)
recommendations.

9.2 Heater Piping

9.2.1 Fuel gas piping shall be designed in accordance with CSA / CGA B149.1 and CSA / CGA-
B149.3.

9.2.2 All piping manifolds shall be designed for uniform flow distribution.

9.2.3 Headers shall slope by ¼ inch per foot (21 millimeters per meter) from the isolation valve towards
the end drain. Blow out connections for clearing dirt and foreign matter shall also be provided.

9.2.4 Plug or ball valves in burner piping shall have position indicating handles or pointers.

9.2.5 Take-offs to individual burners shall be from the top of the headers with shutoff valves at the
header and the burner. Breakaway connections shall be located as close to the burners as
practically possible.

9.2.6 Burner valves are to be located adjacent to the flame observation window so that any
adjustments to the flame can be observed.

9.2.7 Burner fuel gas and pilot shutoff valves shall be adjacent to the header. An extra pilot gas shutoff
valve shall be located at the burner. It must be possible to operate the valve with one (1) hand
while observing the pilot and lighting it with the other hand.

9.2.8 Flexible hose may only be used when shown on the P&ID's and documentation of flexible
connections must comply with applicable site standard.

9.2.9 Steam supply to heaters shall be from a dedicated steam header and not from sub-headers to
avoid inadvertent shutoff.

9.2.10 Manual gas SHUTOFF VALVES including gates, globes, butterfly, etc., in fuel gas service around
fuel gas burning appliances in Ontario are subject to Technical Standards and Safety Authority
(TSSA) Fuels Branch field approval and must meet the requirements of CSA / CGA 3.16-M88.
Ensure this is clearly specified in the purchase order or on the valve datasheet(s).
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9.3 Vessel Piping

9.3.1 Vessels shall be provided with a low point drain. This drain should be piped to a process sewer
or collection drum.

9.3.2 Vessels mounted on a skirt shall have their drains piped outside the skirt.

9.3.3 Piping on vertical vessels shall be located, when possible, radially about the vessel on the pipe
rack side. Manways and platforms shall be located on the access side. Manways shall normally
be lined up vertically on the same centreline.

9.3.4 Manways shall be located 3 feet (0.9 meters) above an access platform.

9.3.5 Davits for handling internals, relief valves, etc. shall be provided on vessels in excess of 30 feet
(10 meters) in height. Davits shall be orientated to operate on the vessel access side.

9.3.6 Use double valving on sampling and drain lines from vessels containing light hydrocarbons. One
(1) valve shall be at or near the outlet from the vessel, the other shall be 3 feet (0.9 meters)
downstream. The drain outlet shall not be located beneath the vessel, if it is enclosed (vessel
skirt) or inaccessible.

9.3.7 Block valves shall be located on the vessel nozzle. A secondary block valve if required shall be
located at the operating platform or grade.

9.3.8 Piping may be supported and guided from vessels provided that the loads are included in the
vessel design.

9.3.9 Any supports attached to the vessel, such as overhead line supports, shall take into account the
vessel thermal movements in operating, shutdown, steam-out or any upset conditions.

9.4 Exchanger Piping

9.4.1 Piping shall be designed to ensure exchanger channels can be unbolted and removed with
minimal removal of piping. See also NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-EXG-0101 Shell and Tube
Heat Exchangers, Design Guideline.

9.4.2 A minimum clearance of 6 inches (150 millimeters) shall be kept between pipe flanges and
exchanger shell or insulation.

9.4.3 Piping around channel heads shall be provided with a flanged section between the exchanger
and block valves so that full access can be provided for removal of tube bundles.

9.4.4 Piping to channels shall be provided with permanent supports so that breakout spools and
channels can be removed without providing temporary supports.

9.4.5 No piping shall extend beyond the channel covers.


NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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9.4.6 Reboiler vapour return pipes shall rise vertically above their reboiler and turn 90° (degrees) to the
tower nozzle without another offset.

9.4.7 Refer to attachment, NOVA Engineering Drawing ES-PPG-8078 Typical Exchanger Piping
Arrangement for exchanger piping arrangement.

9.5 Storage Tank Piping

9.5.1 Overhead (roof) filling lines shall not be installed on storage tanks.

9.5.2 A tank pump out (NPS 3, Class 150) blinded connection shall be installed close to the tank
block valve on the top of the suction line.

9.5.3 Block valves shall be provided on all storage tank nozzles connected to pipelines.

9.5.4 Thermal relief valves shall be installed as per the P&IDs.

9.5.5 Piping around tanks should be designed to minimize the effect of thermal forces and tank
settlement imposed on tank nozzles. See also NOVA Engineering Standard ES-TNK-0101
Tankage, API 650 – General.

9.5.6 Fire protection services are required on all petrochemical facilities. These systems are
generally either foam or water. The Local Fire Code and NOVA Loss Prevention Standards
(LPS) will govern routing of such pipe.

9.5.7 Provision shall be made for a valved connection to either the inlet or outlet pipe for the hook-
up of foam injected to the tank.

10. UTILITY PIPING

10.1 General

10.1.1 All utility piping shall be in accordance with the P&IDs.

10.2 Steam Piping

10.2.1 Supply and return pipes shall be connected to the top of their respective headers.

10.2.2 Block valves, blinds and low point drains shall be provided at Unit Battery Limits.

10.2.3 Permanent steam lines connected to hydrocarbon systems shall be provided with a check
valve and block valve. The check valves shall be located as close to the hydrocarbon branch
as possible.

10.2.4 All vents and drains on steam systems operating at 900 psig and above shall have double block
and bleed valve arrangements.
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10.2.5 On all low pressure or saturated steam headers and branches, provide drip pockets and steam
trap to remove condensate. Drip pocket and trap arrangements shall be provided every 90 feet
(10 meters) on straight runs of pipe and at all low points.

10.2.6 Block valves on branch connections of steam headers should be positioned in the horizontal.

10.2.7 Heat exchangers handling steam are often equipped with condensate knockout pots from which
the condensate is trapped and returned to the condensate header.

10.2.8 Steam-out piping shall not be permanently connected to vessels or piping, but shall be
equipped with flanged valves and swing elbows for attachment to the utility nozzle. Steam-out
piping shall not be connected directly to sewer lines. Refer to attachment NOVA Engineering
Standard Drawing ES-PPG-8081 Typical Vessel Steam-Out Connection for details.

10.2.9 Single block valves shall be provided in branches adjacent to headers, and single block and
check valves shall be provided adjacent to the point of injection of steam into any process
stream to the extent shown on the P&IDs.

10.2.10 Single block valves shall be supplied adjacent to the header in the inlet line to each stem
turbine and adjacent to the discharge header in the outlet line unless shown otherwise on the
P&IDs.

10.3 Condensate Piping

10.3.1 Condensate lines shall be traced and insulated for winterization.

10.3.2 Condensate discharge lines that discharge to open drain shall slope from the trap to the drain
point. See NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-PPG-0601 Piping, Steam Tracing Systems Design
Guideline.

10.3.3 Condensate return on closed systems shall be as short as possible with isolation and check
valves and drain valves provided.

10.3.4 Condensate from bleed connections; i.e.: pump seals should be piped to oily water sewer.

10.3.5 Refer to attachment NOVA Engineering Drawings ES-PPG-8082 Equipment Condensate


Drainer, ES-PPG-8083 Turbine Casing Drains and ES-PPG-8084 Turbine Governor or Steam
Chest Drain for details.

10.4 Steam Trapping and Tracing

10.4.1 All steam trap piping shall be in accordance with NOVA Standard Drawings ES-PPG-8229
through 8234.

10.4.2 All steam tracing shall be in accordance with the NOVA Standard Drawings ES-PPG-8201
through 8205.

10.4.3 All steam tracing shall conform to NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-PPG-0601 Piping, Steam
Tracing Systems Design Guideline.
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10.5 Process Cooling Water Piping

10.5.1 All process cooling water lines shall be installed so that the equipment being cooled will
remain full of water in the event of a shutdown of the cooling water pumps. Shut off valves in
supply branches shall be located as close to the main line as possible. Liquid thermal relief
valves shall be installed on branch lines downstream of the shut off valves.

10.6 Utility Stations

10.6.1 For hook up details of utility station see attached NOVA Engineering Standard Drawings ES-
PPG-8085 through 8092.

10.6.2 Hose connectors for water, steam, nitrogen and air shall all be different to avoid wrong hook-up.

10.6.3 Utility stations shall be located within 50 feet (20 meters) off all major equipment that requires
regular maintenance. The number and approximate location of utility stations shall be indicated
on the P&IDs.

10.6.4 An NPS ¾ valved connection for utility service outlets for steam, water and air shall be provided
at working platforms or grade locations, except water outlets shall generally be provided at
selected grade and first level platforms. Areas to be served shall be within reach of 50 feet (20
meters) hoses. The utility outlet connections shall be grouped together.

10.6.5 The P&IDs shall govern the number and type of utilities provided at a utility station. The utility
piping shall be grouped and terminated at the same elevations.

10.6.6 Subheaders shall be self-draining to the main header with low point drain provided at point of
isolation. Some arrangements on the steam system may require trapping facilities.

10.7 Permanent Nitrogen Connections to Process Vessels and Lines

10.7.1 Permanent nitrogen connections to process vessels and lines are of two (2) kinds, those in
continuous use (e.g.: instrument purges) and those in intermittent use (e.g.: adsorber vessels
regeneration). Both require careful review using either a ‘What if?’ or a ‘HAZOP’ Hazard
Analysis.

10.7.2 Considerations for continuous use connections include,


a) Maximum possible process pressure must be at least 20 psig (140 kPa) lower than the
normal nitrogen header pressure.
b) Check valves cannot guarantee against reverse flow into a supply branch. The seal rating,
tracing and insulation, etc., of all components up to and including the nitrogen branch take
off should be reviewed with respect to process line contents.
c) Where a regulator in a supply branch serves multiple users, the impact of reverse flow of
process contents from one user on others must be considered.
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10.7.3 Consideration for intermittent use connections include:


a) The decision to use a permanent connection as opposed to hose or a removable spool
should consider the life cycle costs, frequency of use and the durability of the valves.
b) The loss of containment through a bleed valve where double block and bleed is used.
c) The potential for overpressure of the nitrogen system due to operator error, etc.

10.8 Safety Shower and Eye Wash Fountains

10.8.1 General: Safety showers and eye wash installations shall generally be located in an area
where hazardous chemicals are used or stored. The potable water supply to this system
should be independent from other potable water users and the supply shall be protected with a
backflow preventer valve.

10.9 Potable Water

10.9.1 All new potable water distribution systems must comply with NSF61 requirements.

11. UNDERGROUND PIPING

11.1 General

11.1.1 Piping which is to be buried should be identified on the P&IDs.

11.1.2 Underground lines shall be coated as per the NOVA Engineering Standard ES-PCL-0301
Protective Coatings for Underground Piping.

11.1.3 Underground lines shall be buried below the frost depth.

11.1.4 All buried valves shall be provided with a valve handle extension or be located in a valve box.

11.1.5 Cathodic protection is required on all ferrous underground lines. Dielectric flange set / kits should
be used at the first flange joint between below and above ground piping.

11.1.6 Underground pipe is subject to varying external ‘live’ loads besides internal flow conditions that
make its wall schedule / thickness sizing challenging. Therefore underground piping line-classes
generally do not establish and furnish with pipe wall (e.g.: SDR) information. User shall size
and select pipe wall thickness based on economics and site conditions, case by case, not only to
handle the internal flow and pressure requirements, but also to withstand the external soil, traffic
and live loads to prevent the pipe from collapse.

11.2 Sewers and Drainage Piping

11.2.1 Separate drainage and sewage systems (see NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-CIV-0112
Underground Sewers and Drains Guideline) shall be supplied to the extent shown on P&IDs,
Flow Diagrams or underground drawings.

11.2.2 All sewer systems shall have proper traps and liquid seals at manholes and floor drains. Provide
clean out connections at every change of direction on both header and branch connection.
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11.2.3 Floor drains shall be provided in process buildings and drains shall be collected and discharged
to the oily water sewer / separator.

11.2.4 Drainage trenches shall be used in cases where frequent wash down of floors may be required.
These trenches shall discharge to the oily water sewer through a gas trap.

11.2.5 Tundish / Funnel drain hubs shall have a minimum diameter of NPS 4. The hubs shall project 3
inches (75 millimeters) above paved or concrete floors and 6 inches (150 millimeters) above soil
or gravel grade.

11.2.6 Sewer lines should, if possible, not cross-buried process lines.

11.2.7 Drains from equipment should not be directly connected to sewers without an air break.

11.2.8 Sewer and drainage pipes are generally non-pressurized and atmospheric in design.
However, consideration should be given on occasional higher than normal static head surge
conditions that the system may encounter in storm situation.

11.3 Fire Protection System

11.3.1 Fire water mains, hydrants and nozzles shall be installed as indicated on the fire water system
flow diagrams and fire protection layout drawings. All fire protection systems all comply with
NFPA requirements.

12. NON-METALLIC PIPING

12.1 General

12.1.1 Non-metallic pipes are increasingly popular for underground sewer, drains, waste disposal and
handling aggressive fluid / services because of their light weight, relative ease of installation
and good corrosion resistance properties. See NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-CIV-0112
Underground Sewers and Drains Guideline, Table 1, for their applications.

12.1.2 However, these materials; namely PE; HDPE; UHMWPE; PVC; CPVC; FRP, etc., have
limitations that should be considered prior to designing and installing nonmetallic piping
systems.

12.2 Limitations

12.2.1 Most non-metallic pipes are generally rated according to manufacturer, e.g.: WOG or CWP
lesser standards, hence tailored to and suitable for non-pressurized and / or underground
gravity systems.

12.2.2 Although non-metallic materials generally have good corrosion resistance and flex properties,
they may be weaker and less resistance to impacts than metallic piping especially in small
bore piping and in hot application. Their supports (span and spacing), torque requirements
(where applicable) and potential abuse protection, (e.g.: getting stepped on) have to be
carefully designed. Manufacturer’s recommendations should be considered and followed.
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12.2.3 When used aboveground, outdoors and / or in a low temperature environment, some
nonmetallic materials are prone to UV degradation and low-temperature embrittlement.

12.2.4 When selected for use on a pressure system (greater than 15 psig), follow B31.1 Chapter VII:
Non-metallic Piping and Piping Lined with Nonmetals and Appendix III, for design, assembly
and testing and consult local jurisdiction for registration requirements.

12.2.5 For pressurized system application, some plastic pipe and components are rated to a
manufacturer's standard only and (often) are not registered with local authority. (This is
material and manufacturer dependent). For regions / services, (e.g.: in Canada) where
pressure component registration is required, the use of plastic piping may not satisfy local
jurisdiction.

12.2.6 Material / design / construction / testing is usually covered under one (1) or more ASTM
specifications. As an example, the following apply to Polyethylene pipe / fittings / hydrostatic
design / heat joining and installation:
 ASTM D1248
 ASTM D2657
 ASTM D2774
 ASTM D2837
 ASTM D3350
 ASTM F714

13. WINTERIZATION

13.1 General

13.1.1 Winterization shall be considered for all liquid piping. This will be done by heat tracing or by re-
circulating liquids. Refer to NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-PPG-0601 Piping, Steam Tracing
Systems Design Guideline.

13.1.2 The type of tracing to be used, steam, electric or glycol shall be specified on the linelist and
shown on P&IDs.

13.2 Condensate Piping

13.2.1 Condensate recovery systems shall be provided with steam tracing. Glycol tracing can be used
however sandwich tracing may be required to prevent boiling of glycol.

13.3 Steam Piping

13.3.1 Drip pockets and piping to and including the steam trap are to be traced on steam systems
exposed to climatic conditions.
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13.4 Water

13.4.1 Intermittently operated lines in cooling water service shall have circulating bypass, vents and
drains, provision for drainage or heat tracing.

13.4.2 Valves on vertical piping shall be protected by heat tracing or adequate drain facilities.

13.4.3 Dead ends of cooling water headers shall have a minimum NPS 2 valved bypass between the
supply and return. This valve is normally closed.

13.4.4 Utility water branch lines to utility stations feeding from underground headers shall be traced up to
the frost line.

13.4.5 Stagnant utility water headers and branch lines shall be heat traced.

13.5 Process Piping Above Grade

13.5.1 Piping shall be winterized for liquids with a freezing point above 32°F (0°C). All piping where
hydrates can freeze shall also be heat traced.

13.5.2 Other points that may require heat tracing are as follows:
a) Low points in piping and equipment where water or other freezing materials may accumulate.
b) Where a reduction in pressure takes place in a gas or vapor line; i.e.: at a pressure reducing
station and where hydrate formation can occur.

14. INSULATION

14.1.1 The linelist shall show the type and thickness of insulation for each line that is to be insulated.
Refer to NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-PPG-0105 Piping, Guideline for Linelist.

14.1.2 See NOVA Engineering Guideline EG-INS-0101 Thermal Insulation, Administrative Selection
Guideline for insulation requirements.

15. SAMPLING

15.1 General Piping Design Requirements

15.1.1 All sampling requirements shall be as per the P&IDs.

15.1.2 Piping details of sample station are to be shown on piping isometric drawings.

15.1.3 Sample stations shall be in accordance with NOVA Engineering Standard ES-IAC-1701
Analytical Instruments Sampling and Analysis, General Requirements.
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16. TEMPORARY PIPING

16.1 General Requirements

16.1.1 Use of threaded and coupled pipe is recommended on temporary utility or non-flammable
service (non-hydrocarbon). For flammable or hazardous services, NOVA Engineering to
provide documented approval for any temporary installations using connection types other
than those specified in the applicable line class for the given service.

16.1.2 Temporary pipe supports (wooden sleepers) may be used providing that the use of wood does
not pose a risk of fire due to the process temperatures.

16.1.3 Temporary insulation wrap may be applied, if required.

16.1.4 The work order must identify the time limit for the ‘temporary’ period.

16.2 Strainer Selection

16.2.1 Consideration:
 Mesh size to stop particles that will create an impeller imbalance. Dimensions can be
provided by pump vendor
 Strainer ΔP to be calculated to ensure NPSH issues will not be created when clean or up
to 25% (percent) loss of Open Area
 Ensure Temporary type strainers are oriented with the tip into the flow
 Mesh size should consider API Flush Plan (e.g.: Plan 11) as well as wear ring clearance,
impeller eye hole size
NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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Selection Flow Chart


NOVA Chemicals ENGINEERING STANDARDS Eng. Std. #: ES-PPG-0201
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17. SWAGE NIPPLE SELECTION

17.1.1 Large end of swages are limited to NPS 4, however NPS 3 tends to be the practical limit
based on industry practice and material availability.

TABLE 2

CONCENTRIC LARGE SIZE

¾ 1 1½ 2 3 4
½
¾
1
1 1/2

ECCENTRIC LARGE SIZE

¾ 1 1½ 2 3 4
½
¾
1
1 1/2

AVAILABLE SIZE NOT AVAILABLE


RANGE

18. INSTRUCTIONS FOR USE OF NOVA CORPORATE PIPING CLASSES IN EXISTING NOVA
FACILITIES

18.1 General

18.1.1 This instruction is not applicable to the following facilities that were designed using PDS
software and currently have their own set of piping classes.
 Ethylene 3, Joffre
 Polyethylene II (AST), Joffre
 Portions of Manufacturing Infrastructure, Joffre designed modeled using PDS

18.1.2 Should the decision be made to use a legacy piping class, the responsible engineer must
ensure that the installation is compliant with the current code requirements.
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18.2 New Piping Installations

18.2.1 New NOVA piping classes must be used for all new ‘stand-alone’ piping installations that do
not tie to any existing piping.

18.2.2 Where an appropriate NOVA piping class is not available, the project is required to develop a
new NOVA piping class for the intended service. An approved deviation is required prior to
detailed design should the project elect to use a legacy piping class or an engineering firm’s
piping class in lieu of developing a new piping class.

18.3 New Piping Installations Connecting to Existing Piping

18.3.1 New NOVA piping classes should be used for all new piping installations connecting to
existing piping that was designed to legacy piping class specifications.

18.3.2 Where the modification is considered to be minor and where the use of the NOVA piping class
may lead to minimal benefits, the responsible NOVA engineer can elect to use the legacy
piping class.

18.3.3 Where an appropriate NOVA piping class is not available, the project is required develop a
new NOVA piping class for the intended service. An approved deviation is required prior to
detailed design should the project elect to use a legacy piping class or an engineering firm’s
piping class in lieu of developing a new piping class.

18.3.4 Piping line class breaks (or Line-Breaks) and tie-points are required where new piping and
legacy piping classes meet.

18.3.5 The affected linelists are required to be updated accordingly as shown in the examples in
Section 18.5 of this document.

18.3.6 The usual ‘Hexagon’ symbol will be used with a line pointing to the tie-point.

18.3.7 The symbol adopted for piping class breaks (or Line-Breaks) should be consistent with the
symbols used within the existing facility. Typically this consists of a line and a diamond
shaped head with piping class labels on both side of the line as shown below:

A3A 01CS02C
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18.3.8 This symbol is applicable for use on P&ID, orthographic and isometric drawings.

18.3.9 Some actual examples of the use of piping class breaks (Line-Breaks) are shown in Section
18.5 of this document.

18.3.10 For butt-welding connections at the piping class break point, counter-boring of the thicker
pipe in accordance with ASME B16.25 may be necessary when pipes to be joined are of
different wall schedules (wall thickness).

18.4 Replacement in Kind

18.4.1 New NOVA piping classes should normally be used for ‘Replacement-in-Kind’ situations.
When this is the case, the same rules as outlined Section 18.3 of this document should be
adhered to.

18.4.2 The responsible NOVA Engineer can elect to use the legacy piping line class if it is considered
not practical or of little value to use a new NOVA piping class. Existing drawings will be used.
Piping class breaks (or Line-Breaks), tie-points and linelist modifications are not required. The
responsible NOVA Engineer must ensure that the legacy specification is complaint with current
code and does not pose any additional risk.

18.5 Examples of Using New Piping Classes

18.5.1 New Line Branching Off An Existing Line Using a Tee.

A3A 01CS02C A3A

6”-P12345-A3A 6”-P12345-A3A
X Y

6”X4” RT
6”-P12345-01CS02C

4”-P13579-01CS02C
Z

Note: Engineer may elect to use a legacy line class on the header in which the specification
break is moved to the branch.
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18.5.1.1 The existing linelist is shown below:

Size Service Code and Sequence Pipe Class From To


No.
6” P12345 A3A X Y

18.5.1.2 The new linelist is shown below. Note that the original line P12345 is replaced with three (3)
entries on the linelist with different Pipe Class / From / To descriptions.

Size Service Code and Sequence Pipe Class From To


No.
6” P12345 A3A X Spec. 01CS02C
6” P12345 01CS02C Spec. A3A Spec. A3A
6” P12345 A3A Spec. 01CS02C Y
4” P13579 01CS02C P12345 Z

18.5.1.3 In the sketch in Section 18.5.1, weld symbols are shown for clarity. These weld symbols
are required only on orthographic and isometric drawings but not on the actual P&ID.

18.5.2 New Line Branching Off an Existing Line Using a Weld-O-Let

6”-P12345-A3A
X Y

6”X3” WOL

3”-P13579-01CS02C
Z

18.5.2.1 The existing linelist is shown below:

Size Service Code and Sequence No. Pipe Class From To


6” P12345 A3A X Y
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18.5.2.2 The new linelist is shown below. The existing line six (6) inch-P12345-A3A is unchanged.
Only the new line three (3) inch-P13579-01CS02C is added. Note that a piping class break
(or Line-Break) is not required in this case as the pipe class is already uniquely defined by
the new line.

Size Service Code and Sequence No. Pipe Class From To


6” P12345 A3A X Y
3” P13579 01CS02C P12345 Z

18.5.2.3 In the sketch in Section 18.5.2, weld and weldolet symbols are shown for clarity. These
symbols are required only on orthographic and isometric drawings but not on the actual
P&ID.

18.5.3 Adding a Valve to an Existing Line

NEW

6”-P12345-A3A
X Y

18.5.3.1 The Engineer is responsible to ensure that valve to be installed complies with the current
valve and equivalent line class however the P&ID does not have to be updated to detail a
specification break between the legacy and new equivalent line class. Piping isometric
must be updated to reflect the current NOVA valve code.
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19. APPENDIX A – DEFINITION OF TERMS

19.1 Definitions of Standard Engineering Terms

Code: A group of standards referring to the same topic or protocol.

Criteria: All the compulsory requirements relating to the work in hand as set forth in the
Engineering Guideline.

Discrepancy: Difference between, for example, a drawing and a written procedure.

Exceptions: Irregularities; exceptions to the rule / standard, etc.

Governance of Documents: The order of precedence to be taken when referring to


documents governing the work referred to in this Guideline.

Guidelines: A document that describes the preferred way to achieve engineering objectives.

Procedures: Step-by-step action plan description.

Quality Assurance (QA): An assurance made by the Supplier for the level of safety, quality
and performance of their product(s) or service(s).

Quality Control (QC): Primarily concerned with the procedures and processes in place to
guarantee the specified product or service.

References: Any materials used in the compilation of this Guideline.

Regulation: A law enforceable document issued originally by a government entity.

Standard: A document that describes the mandatory ways to achieve engineering objectives.

Variance (Major): That which has a major impact on the equipment or process design.

Variance (Minor): That which has very little or no impact on the equipment or process
design.
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19.2 Definitions of Engineering Discipline Terms

Anchor: A pipe support that allows no movement or rotation in any direction.

Block Valve: Valve used to isolate equipment.

Directional Stop: A pipe support that restricts movement in a certain direction.

Equipment Location Plan: A drawing that locates equipment within the plant and sets its
height above the plant elevation datum.

Guide: A pipe support that directs the movement of a pipe in a predetermined direction.

P&ID: Piping and Instrumentation Diagram.

PSV: Pressure Safety Valve.

20. APPENDIX B – LINKS TO STANDARD NOVA DETAIL DRAWINGS WEBPAGES

20.1.1 This list of drawings should be used for reference when reading this standard:

Drawing Number Drawing Title


ES-PPG-8001 – 8235 Piping, Standard Detail Drawings

ES-PPG-8300 – 8900 Pipe Support Standard Detail Drawings

ES-PPG-8300M – 8900M Pipe Support Standard Detail Drawings – Metric Version


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Initial Issue Date: Piping, Design and Layout Rev. No.: 10
28.07.1999 Rev. Date: 26.06.2013

21. APPENDIX C – LINKS TO NOVA ENGINEERING STANDARD DRAWINGS

1. ES-PPG-8075 Pressure Relief Discharge to Flare


2. ES-PPG-8076 Safety Valve Discharge to Atmosphere – Utility Service

3. ES-PPG-8077 Safety Valve Discharge to Atmosphere – Boiler Service

4. ES-PPG-8078 Typical Exchanger Piping Arrangement

5. ES-PPG-8079 Typical Pump Piping Arrangement

6. ES-PPG-8081 Typical Vessel Steam-out Connection

7. ES-PPG-8082 Equipment Condensate Drainer


8. ES-PPG-8083 Turbine Casing Drains

9. ES-PPG-8084 Turbine Governor or Steam Chest Drain


10. ES-PPG-8085 Utility Station, Typical

11. ES-PPG-8086 Utility Station, ¾ inch Water Hose


12. ES-PPG-8087 Utility Station, 1½ inch Air Hose

13. ES-PPG-8088 Utility Station, ¾ inch Air Hose

14. ES-PPG-8089 Utility Station, ¾ inch Steam Hose


15. ES-PPG-8090 Utility Station, ¾ inch Nitrogen Hose

16. ES-PPG-8091 Utility Station, ¾ inch Nitrogen Hose Manifold

17. ES-PPG-8117A Small Bore Branch Connections Gusseting Detail


18. ES-PPG-8117B Small Bore Branch Connections Gusseting Detail Notes

19. ES-PPG-8148 Valve Hand Wheel and Chain Wheel Retention


20. ES-PPG-8149 Valve Chain Lever Safety Cable Installation

21. ES-PPG-8150 Valve Chain Wheel Safety Cable Installation

22. ES-PPG-8222 Strainer Design and Mesh Information


23. ES-PPG-8223A Strainer – Bathtub (T) Type

24. ES-PPG-8223B Strainer – Cone and Basket Type

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