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Republic of the Philippines


New Visayas, Panabo City

Davao del Norte, Philippines 8105


Tel. 63 84 6284301; email: dnscpanabo@gmail.com


We envision the Davao del Norte State College to be: As an institution of higher learning and teaching excellence, We commit to pursue our vision, accomplish our mission and
informed by research and empowered to carry out extension achieve our goals through our core values of:
and production services, DNSC shall:
A premier institution of higher learning that is imbued with its
core values for the development of human resources, and Excellence
generation and utilization of knowledge and technology for a 1. provide equitable access, quality, relevant, and
productive, sustainable, just, and humane society. environment-friendly programs in instruction, research, and Integrity
2. promote good governance and adopt mechanisms to
continuously upgrade institutional standards;
3. enhance capabilities and work ethics of the workforce of the
institution; and, Love of God and Country

4. develop appropriate linkages and network in the

implementation of College programs.


Our graduates carry DNSC’s values into their workplaces as 1. Equip students with adequate knowledge, skills and The graduates of the BPA program can:
competent, collaborative workers and socially-connected ethical attitudes necessary to ensure good governance for poverty
1. Demonstrate the ideals of a good public servant;
leaders. They adhere to professional ethics and seek solutions to alleviation and sustainable development;
workplace problems. They are creative, critical thinkers, and 2. Perform managerial and leadership roles in their sphere of
2. Enhance managerial competencies and leadership qualities
resilient to cross-cultural environment. operation; and undertake research and extension
of practitioners in their respective field of discipline;
activities consistent with the development needs of the
3. Develop the research and extension work capabilities of
those who are engaged in the profession. service area.

I. Course Name : Ethics

II. Course Credits : 3 units

III. Course Description : Ethics deals with principles of ethical behavior in modern society at the level of the person, society, and in interaction with the environment

and other shared resources. (CMO 20 s 2013)

Morality pertains to the standards of right and wrong that an individual originally picks up from the community. The course discusses the
context and principles of ethical behavior in modern society at the level of individual, society and in interaction with the environment and
other shared resources. The course also teaches students to make moral decisions by using dominant moral frameworks and by applying a
seven-step moral reasoning model to analyze and solve moral dilemmas.

The course is organized according to the three (3) main elements of the moral experience: (a) agent, including context-cultural, communal,
and environment; (b) the act; and (c) reason or framework (for the act).

This course includes the mandatory topic on taxation.

IV. Contact Hours/Week : 3 hours every week for 18 weeks or 54 hours in a semester

V. Pre- requisite : None

VI. Course Outcome : At the end of the course, the student must be able to:

1. Differentiate between moral and non-moral problems;

2. Describe what a moral experience is as it happens in different levels of human existence;

3. Explain the influence of Filipino culture on the way students look at moral experiences and solve moral dilemmas;

4. Describe the elements of moral development and moral experience;

5. Use ethical frameworks or principles to analyze moral experiences;

6. Make sound ethical judgments based on principles, facts, and the stakeholders affected;

7. Develop sensitivity to the common good; and

8. Understand and internalize the principles of ethical behavior in modern society at the level of the person, society, and in interaction with

the environment and other shared resources.

VII. Course Outline

Course Content Desired Learning Outcomes Teaching and Learning Activities Assessment Tasks Resource Materials Duration

At the end of the lesson, students are able to:

Getting to know -Get acquainted with one another -Get to know activity
-Get oriented with some
Orientation -Class orientation on some -College Code/Students
school/classroom policies
school/classroom policies Handbook
-Familiarize the contents of the 1.5 hours
course syllabus/ outline -Discussion on the content of the -Approved course syllabus
Course Syllabus/ Outline
course syllabus/outline & course outline

-Discuss the importance of ethics
-Lesson 1: Why study ethics and -Interactive discussion on the 1.5 hours
and other rules in life to social
the importance of rules importance of ethics and other rules
in life.
-Differentiate moral from non-
moral standards. -Lecture on the difference between
Lesson 2: Moral vs. Non-Moral
Moral and Non-moral. -Class recitation: What is the -Textbooks 1.5 hours
Standards -Identify the different levels of
advantage of owning moral
moral dilemma. -PPT
-Discussion and case analysis -Video Clips
Lesson 3: Moral Dilemma -Discuss why freedom is crucial in -Homework: Giving examples
one’s ability to make moral of moral dilemma -Moral Cases 1.5 hours

-Viewing of video clip demonstrating -Recitation/ insight paper on

Lesson 4: Freedom unlimited freedom or the absence of the movie 1.5 hours
Quiz 1 (Lesson 1, 2,3,4)

Chapter 1: The Moral Agent

-Lesson 1: How Culture Shapes -Discuss how culture shapes moral -Interactive learning: How does 1.5 hours
Human Behavior behavior culture define moral behavior?

-Lesson 2: Cultural Relativism -Point out the advantages and -Collaborative learning: Why can’t all
-Reaction/Insight paper on 2 hours
dangers of cultural relativism cultural practices be always correct?
Cultural Relativism

-Explain why universal values are -Lecture-Discussion on universal

-Lesson 3: Universal Values
necessary for survival. values -Textbooks 1.5 hours

-Discuss and evaluate the -Video Clips
-Lesson 4: The Filipino Way strengths and weaknesses of some
-Lecture: Strengths and weaknesses -Moral Cases
Filipinos characters.
of Filipino Moral Character. -Quiz 2: Strength and
1.5 hours
Weaknesses of Filipino
-Discuss how moral character
-Lesson 5: How is Moral -Interactive discussion bringing out
Character Developed students’ understanding of
contributory elements to their moral
1.5 hours

-Lecture and case analysis

-Identify and articulate the
different stages of moral
development. -Reflection Paper: Personal 2 hours
-Lesson 6: Stages of Moral
Development Moral Development

-Quiz 3: (Lesson in Chapter 1)

Chapter 2: The Act

-Lesson 1: Feelings as -Discuss some philosophical insight -Lecture on the Philosophical insight -Homework: Essay on the 1.5 hours
Instinctive and Trained on feelings, and its influence in on feelings role of feelings in moral
Response to Moral Dilemmas decision making. decisions

-Lesson 2: Lesson and -Discuss how reason and impartiality
- Lecture, role playing of moral cases,
Impartiality as Requirements become a requirement for morality -PPT 1.5 hours
and case analysis
for Ethics.
-Video Clips
-7 step moral reasoning process
-Check real-life cases against the 7- -Moral Cases
-Lecture: The 7-step model of moral -Individual/Group analysis
step model that uses reason and
reasoning process using the 7-step model 3 hours

-Develop moral courage to put moral

- Lesson 3: Moral Courage
principles into action -Interactive discussion on moral -Quiz 4 (Lesson in Chapter 2)
1.5 hours


Chapter 3: Frameworks and

Principles Behind Our Moral
Disposition Frameworks

-Lesson 1: Virtues Ethics:

Aristotles -Explain Aristotle’s virtues Ethics -Lecture on Aristotle’s virtue ethics -Quiz 1 (Aristole’s Doctrine of 3.5 hours
the Mean) -Textbooks

-Lesson 2: Virtue Ethics: St. -PPT 3 hours

Thomas Aquinas
-Discuss St. Thomas Aquinas’ virtue -Lecture and analysis on assigned -Reflection Paper: Cardinal -Video Clips
ethics social issues virtues
-Moral Cases
-Lesson 3: Kant and Right
3 hours
-Discuss Kantian categorical -Lecture and case analysis using right
imperative and the different kind of theories
rights 3 hours

-Lesson 4: Utilitarianism
-Explore the ethical theory of 3.5 hours
-Lecture and case analysis
utilitarianism Quiz 2: (Lesson 3 and 4
chapter 3)

-Lesson 5: Justice and Fairness:

-Explain the philosophical notions
Promoting the Common Good
of justice and fairness -Discussion and debate Quiz 3: Justice and Fairness

Conclusion: Ethics Through

Thick and Thin, and Ethics and
-Identify the moral challenges of
-Lesson 1: Moral Challenges of
Globalization -Viewing of video clip on facets of -Quiz 4: Moral challenges of 3 hours
-Describe the qualities of Millenials globalization globalization
and Fillenials
-Lesson 2: Millenials and -Textbooks
“Fillenials”: Ethical Challenges -Interactive learning on the qualities -Reaction/Insight paper on
and Responses -Find out the difference between -PPT
of Millenials and Fillenials the qualities of
ethics and religion Millenials/Fillenials -Video Clips 3 hours

-Lesson 3: Difference Between -Moral Cases

Ethics and Religion -Essay: Role of religion in
- Lecture and interactive discussion
making the world a better
place 3 hours
-Quiz 5 (Lessons in
concluding lessons)


Total 54 hours

VIII. Course Requirements:

The final grade in the course will be determined by:

Midterm 50% Finals 50%

Examination 40% Examination 40%

Quizzes 15% Quizzes 15%

Outputs and Activities 25% Class Participation 15%

Class Participation 15% Final Requirements 30%

Attendance 5% Attendance 5%
100% 100%
IX. References:

Gallinero, W. et al (2018). Ethics. Malabon City:Mutya Publishing

Kohlberg, L. (1981). Essays on Moral Development. Vol.1 of the Philosophy of Moral Development: Moral Stages and the Idea of Justice. San Francisco, CA: Harper & Row

Licuanan, P. (1994). “A Moral Recovery Program Building a People-Building Nation.” In Values in Philippine Culture and Education: Philippine Philosophical Studies I, ed. By

Manuel Dy Jr.., 31-48. Washington, DC: The Council for Research In Values and Philosophy

Palma-Angeles, A. “Cultural Drivers of Corruption in Business and Governance.” In Business Ethics in Asia: Issues and Cases, edited by Bulaong, G., Dewi, L., Santiago, J. Quezon

City: Ateneo de Manila University Press

RAchels, J. (2004). “What is Morality”, Chapter 1 and “The Challenge of Cultural Relativism”, Chapter 2 in the Elements of Moral Philosophy. 4th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill College

Rawls, J. (2000). A “Theory of Justice.” In Reason at Work: Introductory Understanding Globalization. New York: Anchor Books

X. Suggested Supplemental Readings:

Aristotle. Books I-II in the Nicomachean Ethics. Translated by Martin Oswald. Indianapolis: Bobbs-Merrill Educational Publishing

Kant. I. “ Categorical Imperative.” In readings in Philosophy. Edited by Steven M. Cahn and George Sher, 262-72. Fort Worth, TX: Harcourt Brace College Publishers

Que, Nemesio S., S.J. “Notes on Moral Deliberation.” Introduction to course notes for PH 104: Foundations of Moral Value: Ateneo de Manila University

A Clockwork Orange. Directed by Stanley Kubrick. Burbank, CA: Warmer Bros.,

“Filipino American Milleneials,” Makilala TV, October 4, 2014. https://youtube/H2rvFs164k8.

“The Cardinal Virtues” www.thoughtco.com/the-cardinal-virtues-542142 (August 16, 2017)

Prepared and Submitted by:

Christine Joy Quismundo, RSW, MSDEA


Reviewed by: Approved by:


Program Chairperson Dean, IMaGoCS

Revision Date: Prepared by: Reviewed by: Approved by: