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Section 1: Question 1 – 13

Questions 1-5
Look at the information about Camberwell College's swimming pools. Then answer the questions below.

Camberwell College Swimming Pools

Camberwell College has one 50m (Olympic sized) pool with a constant depth of 2m throughout, and one
25m pool with a 1m shallow end and a 4m deep end. Both pools may be used by the general public at
certain times.

50m Pool: The pool is often used for classes, but the general public may use two lanes for lane
swimming at the following times.

Monday: 0630 -1130 and 1900 - 2100

Tuesday: 0630 -1130 and 1800 - 2100
Wednesday: 0630 -1330 and 1730 - 2130
Thursday: 0630 -1330
Friday: 0630 -1330
Weekends: 0900 - 1700
Children under the age of 14 must be accompanied by an adult. Please note that during College
holidays, these times will vary. Contact the swimming pool on 04837 393560 for up-to-date
25m Pool: The 25 metre pool is available for recreational (non-lane) swimming from 0700-0900
and 1230-1330 on weekdays, and 1000 – 1600 on Saturdays.

Children aged 12 and under must be accompanied.

We regret that the 25m pool will be closed for refurbishment between 21st July and 18th August. The
men's changing rooms will be closed for the week beginning 18th August, and the women's changing
rooms will be closed the following week. Alternative changing facilities will be made available. We
apologise for any disruption this may cause.

For questions 1-5 select:

True: if the statement is true

False: if the statement is false
Not Given: if the information is not given in the passage

1.The general public can only use the 50m pool for lane swimming.
2.The general public cannot use the 50m pool on Sundays.
3.Men will be able to use the 25m pool on the 18th August.
4.The whole of the 25m pool is available to the public during recreational swimming hours.
5.The 50m pool is open during college holidays.

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Questions 6-13

Look at the information about swimming classes. Then answer the questions below.

Camberwell College Swimming Classes

It’s an essential life skill, it can make you fit and it provides fun for all the family. Camberwell College’s
offers swimming classes whatever for your needs, whether you want to swim competitively, you are
trying to stay healthy or you want to learn.
We offer separate classes for adults and children, following the National Plan for Teaching Swimming
(NPTS). We will guide you from your first splash and help you develop your confidence in the water.

This class is suitable for parents with children aged up to the age of 1.5 years. This class allows very
young children to gain confidence in the water, by way of songs and music.

Tadpole to Frog Classes

This series of classes is suitable for children aged 1.5 upwards. There are six levels in the series. The
first level is suitable for non-swimmers and teaches basic techniques and safety, using aids and floats.
By the time students reach the sixth level, they will be able to swim independently and will be eligible to
join the Swim Star classes.

Swim Star
An opportunity for able swimmers to earn the Bronze, Silver and Gold swimming awards. These classes
teach children the ability to swim for prolonged periods of time, and teach skills such as diving, turning
and different strokes. Children who successfully complete the Swim Star programme will be invited to
join the Youth Squad and learn competitive swimming techniques.

Swim School
The swim school offers classes for adults. There are three levels, beginner, intermediate and advanced.
The beginner’s class is suitable for people who are new to swimming; the intermediate level is designed
for swimmers who want to brush up on their swimming style, and the advanced level offers in-depth
advice on stamina, breathing and technique.

Aqua Health
We offer a range of levels of fitness classes for able swimmers who wish to keep fit, socialise and have
fun to music. Aqua-Light offers gentle exercise and is suitable for the elderly. Aqua-Pump is a high
energy class which builds your strength and tones your body.

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Questions 6-13

Select a suitable swimming class for the people below.

6. A 5 year-old who is unable to swim ………………………………..

7. A mother who wants to introduce her baby to the water ………………………………….

8. A middle-aged person who can swim quite well but wants to improve his techniques ………………………..

9. A teenager who is interested in swimming in competitions ………………………………..

10. An old man who wants to keep fit and meet people ……………………………………

11. A child who wants to be able to swim longer distances ………………………………………

12. A strong adult swimmer who wishes to learn complex skills ………………………………..

13. A woman who wants to learn to swim by using music ………………………………………

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Section 2: Question 14 – 26

Questions 14 - 20
Reading Passage 2 has seven paragraphs, A-G.

Choose the correct heading for each paragraphs from the list of headings below..

Write the correct number i-x, in boxes 14 – 20 on your answer sheet.

List of Headings
i American water withdrawal

ii Economic pricing

iii What the future holds

iv Successful measures taken by some

v The role of research

vi The thirsty sectors

vii Ways of reducing waste

viii Interdependence of natural resources

ix The demands of development

x The consequences for agriculture

14 Paragraph A

15 Paragraph B

16 Paragraph C

17 Paragraph D

18 Paragraph E

19 Paragraph F

20 Paragraph G

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Greater efficiency in water use is needed to meet
the growing demands of a changing world

A. Per capita water usage has been on an upward trend for many years. As countries

industrialise and their citizens become more prosperous, their individual water usage increases
rapidly. Annual per capita water withdrawals in the USA, for example, are about 1,700 cubic
metres, four times the level in China and fifty times the level in Ethiopia. In the 21st century, the
world's limited supply of renewable fresh water is having to meet demands of both larger total
population and increased per capita consumption. The only practicable ways to resolve this
problem in the longer term are economic pricing in conjunction with conservation measures.

B. Agriculture consumes about 70% of the world's fresh water, so improvements in irrigation
can make the greatest impact. At present, average efficiency in the use of irrigated water in
agriculture may be as low as 50%. Simple changes could improve the rate substantially, though
it is unrealistic to expect very high levels of water-use efficiency in many developing countries,
faced as they are with a chronic lack of capital and a largely untrained rural workforce. After
agriculture, industry is the second biggest user of water and, in terms of value added per litre
used, is sixty times more productive than agriculture. However, some industrial processes use
vast amounts of water. For example, production of 1 kg of aluminium might require 1,500 litres
of water. Paper production too is often very water-intensive. Though new processes have
greatly reduced consumption, there is still plenty of room for big savings in industrial uses of

C. In rich countries, water consumption has gradually been slowed down by price increases
and the use of modern technology and recycling. In the USA, industrial production has risen
fourfold since 1950, while water consumption has fallen by more than a third. Japan and
Germany have similarly improved their use of water in manufacturing processes. Japanese
industry, for example, now recycles more than 75% of process water. However, industrial water
consumption is continuing to increase sharply in developing countries. With domestic and
agricultural demands also increasing, the capacity of water supply systems is under growing

D. Many experts believe that the best way to counter this trend is to impose water charges
based on the real cost of supplies. This would provide a powerful incentive for consumers to
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introduce water-saving processes and recycling. Few governments charge realistic prices for
water, especially to farmers. Even in rich California, farmers get water for less than a tenth of
the cost of supply. In many developing countries there is virtually no charge for irrigation water,
while energy prices are heavily subsidised too (which means that farmers can afford to run
water pumps day and night). Water, which was once regarded as a free gift from heaven, is
becoming a commodity which must be bought and sold on the open market just like oil. In the oil
industry, the price increases which hit the market in the 1970s, coupled with concerns that
supplies were running low, led to new energy conservation measures all over the world. It was
realised that investing in new sources was a far more costly option than improving efficiency of
use. A similar emphasis on conservation will be the best and cheapest option for bridging the
gap between water supply and demand.

E. One way to cut back on water consumption is simply to prevent leaks. It is estimated that in
some of the biggest cities of the Third World, more than half of the water entering the system is
lost through leaks in pipes, dripping taps and broken installations. Even in the UK, losses were
estimated at 25% in the early 1990s because of the failure to maintain the antiquated water
supply infrastructure. In addition, huge quantities of water are consumed because used water
from sewage pipes, storm drains and factories is merely flushed away and discharged into
rivers or the sea. The modern approach, however, is to see used water as a resource which can
be put to good use - either in irrigation or, after careful treatment, as recycled domestic water.
Israel, for instance, has spent heavily on used water treatment. Soon, treated, recycled water
will account for most farm irrigation there. There are other examples in cities such as St
Petersburg, Florida, where all municipal water is recycled back into domestic systems.

F. Another way of conserving water resources involves better management of the environment
generally. Interference with the ecosystem can have a severe effect on both local rainfall
patterns and water run-off. Forest clearings associated with India's Kabini dam project reduced
local rainfall by 25%, a phenomenon observed in various other parts of the world where large-
scale deforestation has taken place. Grass and other vegetation acts as a sponge which
absorbs rainfall both in the plants and in the ground. Removal of the vegetation means that
rainfall runs off the top of the land, accelerating erosion instead of being gradually fed into the
soil to renew ground water.

G. Global warming is bound to affect rainfall patterns, though there is considerable

disagreement about its precise effects. But it is likely that, as sea levels rise, countries in low-
lying coastal areas will be hit by seawater penetration of ground water. Other countries will

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experience changes in rainfall which could have a major impact on agricultural yield - either for
better or for worse. In broad terms, it is thought that rainfall zones will shift northwards, adding
to the water deficit in Africa, the Middle East and the Mediterranean - a grim prospect indeed.

Questions 21 - 26

Complete the summary below.

Choose NO MORE THAN TWO WORDS from the text for each answer.

Write your answers in boxes 21 – 26 on your answer sheet.

Individual water usage is rising dramatically as people living in industrialised countries become
increasingly 21 .................... . As well as increased consumption per capita, the growing demand
for fresh water is due to a bigger global 22 .................... than in the past. The only way to control
this increase in demand is to charge high prices for water while also promoting conservation
measures. Improvements in irrigation systems and industrial processes could dramatically
increase the efficiency of water use. There are examples of industries in some rich countries that
have reduced their consumption rates through price increases, the application of
23 .................... and recycling. But in agricultural and domestic sectors, the price of water is still
subsidised so it is not regarded as a commodity that people need to pay a realistic price for.

Other ways of protecting supplies are to reduce water loss resulting from 24 .................... in the
supply systems and to find ways of utilising used water. Longer term measures, such as
improved environmental 25 .................... . would protect the ecosystem and ensure the
replenishment of ground water for future generations. Without such measures, future supplies
are uncertain, especially when global warming is expected to interfere with rainfall patterns and
to worsen the 26 .................... already suffered by many countries today.

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Section 3: Questions 27-40

Read the passage. Then answer the questions below.

Self-Catering Holiday Cottages in the Lake District National Park

At Lilliput Farm we have three cottages for rent as self-catering holiday accommodation.
We have been awarded 4 stars in the Holiday Accommodation Accreditation Service for excellence in
quality and service.

Dairymaid’s Loft is situated above the barn under the eaves. It is the largest of the properties, having
one double bedroom with en suite, a twin room and a single room. There is also a sofa-bed in the living
room. There is a large kitchen, a living room, dining room and newly-fitted bathroom. Please note that,
since the entire property is on the first floor, and the stairs are steep, the accommodation is not suitable
for the elderly, the infirm, pets and very young children.

Shepherd’s Rest is suitable for up to four occupants. There is a double bedroom and a twin room with
bunk-beds. There is a small kitchen and a large living room. There is a shower room with separate WC.
The accommodation is spread over two floors. Pets are allowed, but we request that they are kept

Haymaker’s Den is a one-bedroom cottage at ground floor level. There is also a sofa bed in the living
room which can sleep two people. It has a large living area comprising a kitchen/diner and living space.
There is a ramp leading up to the property, and the large bathroom is fitted so as to be suitable for
wheelchair users and people who use walking aids. We ask that pets are not brought into this property.

All the properties have: a television, CD player and DVD player. Dairymaid’s Loft and Haymaker’s
Den have Sky Television. Shepherd’s Rest has wi-fi access. Cots can be provided to all properties, but
please note that Dairymaid’s Loft may be unsuitable for toddlers and crawling babies. All properties
have a washing machine, fridge freezer and microwave. Dairymaid’s Loft also has a dishwasher and a
tumble drier.

The cottages share an outside area with swings, a patio and barbecue area. Outdoor furniture is
available in the barn.

All cottages have electric power. None are fitted with gas. Electricity is paid via a meter. You will receive
a £10 worth of electricity at the beginning of your stay with our compliments (£5 for short breaks). After
that, you will need to add money to the meter. Shepherd’s Rest also has a wood-burning stove. Guests
will receive one complimentary basket of wood. Subsequent baskets can be purchased for £2 each.
Please help yourself to wood in the barn and put money in the honesty box.

Cottages can be booked by the week or for short breaks. Short breaks are either Fridays – Mondays (3
nights) or Mondays to Fridays (4 nights). Discounts are available in the low season (October to March).
Couples staying in Dairymaid’s Loft and Shepherd’s Rest can also get a two-person discount. Week-long
bookings are on a Saturday – Saturday basis. We regret that it is not possible to accommodate arrivals
on Fridays. We ask that guests arrive after 3pm and vacate the property by 10.30 on their departure
date, so allow us to clean and prepare the properties for the next guests.
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To make a booking, you will need to make a deposit of fifty percent up front. The remainder is payable
one month before your arrival. (If you make a booking less than a month in advance, you must pay the
entire amount up front). If you need to cancel your stay, you will receive a complete refund if you
contact us 30 days in advance of your booking. Cancellations made two weeks in advance will receive a
60% discount. We regret that we cannot give a discount for cancellations made less than two weeks in

Question 27 - 32
Which of the cottages is most suitable for the following guests?
27. An elderly couple, one of whom uses a walking frame?

28. A family of two adults and two children, the youngest being 3 years old?

29. A group of six young adults.

30. Someone who wants to use the internet during their stay.

31. Someone who doesn’t want to wash up while on holiday.

32. A family with a dog.

Do the following statements agree with the information given in the passage?
TRUE - if the statement agrees with the information
FALSE - if the statement contradicts the information
NOT GIVEN - if there is no information on this

33. Guests have to pay extra for all the electricity they use.

34. Each property has its own garden.

35. Dairymaid’s Loft costs less to rent if only two people stay there in December.

36. There are no electric heaters in Shepherd’s Rest

Question 37 – 40

Complete the spaces using no more than three words or a number.

37. Guests staying for a weekend should arrive on a ……………...

38. Guests staying for a full week should arrive on a ………………..

39. If you book two weeks before your stay, you must pay………….. % of the cost at once.

40. To get all your money back, you must cancel your stay at least ………….. in advance.

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