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Module A

LESSON TWO “Growth Mindset” (part 1)


(Online, Asynchronous)
Skill: Skimming and Scanning

Essential Questions:
● How do students interpret the idea of the “growth mindset” to become more positive
learners?
● To what extent does having students think critically about their language learning aid
their overall language learning?
● To what extent does having students apply their linguistic skills to another discipline aid
their overall language learning?
● How can having students research prominent public figures such as Steve Jobs help
them to think “outside the box” and enact positive change in their individual learning
habits?

Learning Objectives:
At the end of this lesson, students will be able to:

Learning Objectives Needs Assessment (click the READY strategy based on 5C


link to see details) standards (Goal Areas)
#1: academic English and
skills; #2: communicative
English; #3 good motivations

Explain some basic #1 Explain


differences between (in Communication goal area)
skimming and scanning
reading techniques.

Identify situations when #1 Explain


students will need to scan or (in Communication goal area)
skim a text for content.

Apply skimming and scanning #1 Reinforce


skills to process the content (in Connections goal area)
of an article.
Listen for details in a video #1, #3 Explain
concerning the concept of the (in Communication goal
growth mindset. area); Yearn towards (in
Community goal area)

Materials needed:
● Computer
● 1.Skimming and Scanning Skill Development worksheet
● 2.Listening for Main Ideas info gap activity

Teacher Instructions:
Important concepts: growth mindset, skimming, scanning, READY strategy

Activity and directions (in italic) Time

1. Introduce the topic of growth mindset and its cultural 3 min


implications.

 In this lesson, we will explore the concept of the “growth


mindset” and how one concept can take on various
interpretations depending on where and by whom it is
considered. For instance, the concept “prominent figure” can
have different interpretations depending on context and
culture. In the West, prominent figures are often regarded as
authority figures that make policies to affect societal changes.
On the other hand, in Eastern countries, prominent figures
can be described as the those who are in power or control of
the world. Think about this difference as you explore the
contents of this module.

2. Provide information about skimming and scanning as they 7 min


relate to reading skills.
Listen to the MP3 of Skimming & Scanning instructions MP3:
https://drive.google.com/file/d/1fOa-
5vavROPoL1Uuei1isJzfS_iACNwW/viewand follow along
with the Transcript if necessary.

If you know what you are looking for before you start reading you can
use two helpful reading strategies to avoid having to read an entire
article for information. Although they are often conflated, skimming
and scanning are two different ways to find different information. Not
only that, but to skim and to scan a reading, you have to look in
different places.

Skimming is what you should do if you want to understand the main


idea of a piece of writing. Use your writing strategies and think about
the order you are supposed to present information and where
important information is located. When skimming, it is normally a
good strategy to read the introductory paragraph, and the first and
last sentence of every paragraph. If a particular part or section of the
text looks important, you can take a little more time to read that part a
little more carefully. Also, it is always a good idea to focus on the
headings, subheadings, and bolded information in a text while
skimming.

A good strategy to help you to improve your skimming technique is to


give yourself a time limit to find the important information.

Scanning is the technique that you should use if you have specific
information that you want to find in a piece of writing. For instance,
let’s say you want to find a good action movie playing at your local
cinema. When you look at the movie listings, your eyes are on the
lookout for keywords often associated with action films (e.g., exciting,
thrilling, fast-paced). Once you find a keyword that seems promising,
you read the words before and after it to find out some more
important information.

When scanning, your eyes are like the scanner on your printer, they
are going through the document looking for specific information and
mostly ignoring the other information.

3. Skim and scan practice. 12 min

 Open the Skimming and Scanning Skill Development


worksheet and read the questions. By reading the directions
and the questions. Mark if you will skim or scan the article to
find the answer.
 Skim the article: “You Can Grow Your Intelligence”
https://s3-us-west-1.amazonaws.com/mindset-net-
site/FileCenter/52G3LTP08OVNI3G9NMI8.pdf to answer the
skim and scan to answer the questions.
 Submit their completed worksheet through the LMS. You
should take no more than 12 minutes to complete this
skimming and scanning exercise.
4. Listening for specific information 16 min

Open Listening for Main Ideas info gap activity. Preview the
questions try to predict what sort of information you will need.

For instance, the first question: “______________ started the idea of


growth mindset.” is really asking “Who?” By previewing the question,
you can know that you will need to listen for the name of a person or
organization to answer this question.

Then, students watch the video:


https://v.youku.com/v_show/id_XMzgyNDg2MTc2OA==.html and fill
out the info gap activity. The answers will be graded by the LMS.

TOTAL 45 min

Collaboration/group work:
Not applicable in this asynchronous lesson.

Assessment:
The Skimming and Scanning Skill Development worksheet and the Listening for Main Ideas info
gap activity will be used as benchmarks assessment for reading skills presented in this lesson,
including: skimming, scanning and listening for the main idea.

Materials/handouts:
1.Skimming and Scanning Skill Development worksheet
2.Listening for Main Ideas info gap activity
Handout #1
Skimming and Scanning Skill Development worksheet

Directions: Read the following questions and think about whether you will have to skim or scan
the text to find the answer. Circle “skim” if you think you need to skim the text for this information
and “scan” if you think you need to scan the text to find the answers. Then, skim the text to find
the answers to the questions that you circled “skim” for and then answer the remaining
questions by scanning the document. NOTE: You should NOT read this text from start to finish
as you should practice these two reading strategies.

1) What is the main idea of this article? skim / scan

_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

2) How does the brain change when you learn? skim / scan
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

3) What happens when neurons communicate? skim / scan


_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

4) Explain two ways scientists know brains can get stronger. skim / scan
1. _____________________________________________________________
2. _____________________________________________________________

5) What do people need to do to learn a new skill like math? skim / scan
_____________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________

6) What reasons do people give for not practicing to get smarter? skim / scan
Handouts #2
Listening for Main Ideas info gap activity

1. _______________________ started the idea of growth mindset

2. Fill in the table:

_______________________ mindset growth mindset

not in _______________________(same
word)

skills are born skills are _______________________

cannot learn and Can


_______________________

3. Three main ways to investigate these two mindset are to look at:
1. _______________________
2. focus
3. _______________________ ingredients

4. People with a growth mindset think that efforts are _______________________.

5. People with a growth mindset embrace _______________________.

6. People without a growth mindset _______________________ mistakes.

7. People with a growth mindset appreciate _______________________.