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Neoclassicism generally refers to any artistic movement A Morality play is a type of dramatic allegory, performed in

that seeks to recreate the ideals of what are broadly known a theater, in which the protagonist is met by personifications
as Classical Greece and Rome--in other words, the art of of various moral attributes who try to prompt him to choose
the Greeks and Romans of antiquity. In English literature a godly life over one of evil. The protagonist him or herself
the period usually, designated neoclassical runs from about is also, quite often, a personification of the entire human
1670 to about 1750, the years in which the two chief poets species, as is the case with characters such as Everyman
were John Dryden and Alexander Pope, and Mankind. The stories usually follow a path where the
characteristics of neoclassicism protagonist is tempted to sin by the antagonists and only
 emphasized reason rather than emotion, form through God does the protagonist find peace, salvation, or
rather than content. hope.
 stress reason, most of the writings of the age
were didactic and satirical. What is the renaissance?
 poet prefer closed couplet for elegance, The word renaissance literally means "rebirth." In the
correctness, appropriateness and restraint context of the English Renaissance, this rebirth refers to
 cater to the interests of the society in great a renewal of learning, especially in terms of new beliefs and
cities instead of town. ways of doing things differently from the Middle Ages.
 lack in those elements related with the
romantic. Till, swollen with cunning, of a self-conceit,
 His waxen wings did mount above his reach,
Doctor Faustus In the myth of Icarus, Dedalus is a master builder and
Faustus is the protagonist of the play. He is a proud, craftsman who is known in mythology for building the
ambitious, and self-confident man; and in the prologue, the labyrinth that withheld the minotaur. After being punished
chorus compares him to Icarus. Like Icarus, Faustus is along with his son Icarus for a separate indiscretion
excessively proud and tries to exceed the human involving Minos and Pasiphae, Dedalus created an escape
limitations. He represents the spirit of the Renaissance, with route by air to leave Crete with his son. He created wings,
its rejection of the medieval religious viewpoint and its made out of feathers held together by wax. Wax is a
strong belief in the power of man and in his ability to sensitive substance, for which Dedalus told Icarus not to fly
understand the world and to change it. Faustus has a great too close to the sun, or to close to the sea. However, Icarus
desire for knowledge and power. He wants to know about got so excited with flying that he lost himself and flew too
the nature of the universe, about the far places of the world. close to the sun. Hence, his wings melted, and he fell into
He is also a typical Renaissance man in his admiration for the ocean.
such Classical figures as Alexander the Great and Helen of
Troy. Faustus intentionally blinds himself to the implications elements of a morality play
of his pact with Lucifer. He ignores the injunctions of the Characteristics
scholars, the Good Angel, and the Old Man. He also ignores  A protagonist who represents either humanity
the signs that appear to him as he was signing the contract. as a whole or a smaller social structure.
However, Faustus is beset with doubts and keeps  Supporting characters are personifications of
vacillating between repentance and his insistence on the good and evil.
pact with the devil. His eventual fall means that man cannot  Provides the audience with moral guidance.
ignore his limitations or ignore religion. Faustus can be a  Morality plays encourage men to live a
symbol of the Western civilization in its search for power righteous life
and knowledge at the expense spiritual loss.
why author use allegory in dr Faustus
Mephistophilis Allegory is an extended Metaphor in Which the Characters,
He is the loyal servant and representative of Lucifer. He Actions or Ideas Imply Some Other Meanings. Often
successfully tempts Faustus toward damnation. He Allegories are Simple stories Conveying Metaphorically
becomes Faustus’ servant and constant companion for Some Spiritual or ethical ideas with a Didactic Purpose.
twenty-four years, as part of the pact with the Lucifer. Morality Plays are more or less Allegorical in which the
Mephistophilis has a personality. He expresses the pains Meanings are Implied and not Expressly stated. The
and sufferings of hell. He knows the source of his misery: Tragical History of Doctor Faustus by Christopher Marlowe
He has tasted the vision of God and now he is deprived of is a play which Embodies a moral Allegory relating 'the form
it. He is aware of the great loss and deplores his fate. Upon of Faustus's Fortunes. Good or bad', and this Moral Allegory
Faustus' insistence to know about the nature of hell, is of universal Significance. The Tragical History of Doctor
Mephistophilis says that it is not a place, but a state of Faustus Serves as a Religious, Rather Christian moral
being. Anywhere where God is not, is hell. Paradoxically, Sermon which Announces that he, who shuns the path of
although he tries all his best to win Faustus’ soul forever, virtue, Denounces God and His Laws, and aligns himself
he still reminds him that hell is real, and that he is a with the Forces of evil to gain limitless Power and Position,
cautionary example: He is in hell and knows its torments. is Doomed to Despair and eternal, Damnation.Doctor
But Faustus does not heed this example of pride and Faustus as an allegory .An allegory embracing realism.
punishment. Miracle and Morality plays have some stock devices and
Marlowe's Doctor Evil A with the Faustus is no exception to
RENAIASSANCE AND MEDIEVAL VALUES this.
The medieval world placed religion at the center and
ignored man and the natural world. During the Renaissance
there was a new emphasis on the individual, on classical
learning, and on scientific inquiry into the nature of the
world. During the Middle Ages, theology was the main
subject of study. In the Renaissance, though, secular
matters were at the center. Faustus rejects the medieval
ways of thinking and accepts no limits in his quest for power
and knowledge. But Faustus pays the price of his
antireligious sentiments. Faustus is a typical example of the
fate modern Western civilization, in selling the human soul
to the devil in exchange of unlimited power and knowledge.

significance of good and bad angel in Dr Faustus


The Good Angel and the Evil Angel create inner conflict in
the mind of Faustus when the Good Angel urges him to
shun black art of magic, and the Evil Angel tempts him with
infinite power which magic will provide for him. The Good
and the Evil Angels gives the touch of Morality play
to Doctor Faustus. The characters of the Morality play are
allegorical. They ae personified as abstractions of vice or
virtues. The Good and the Evil Angels represent the path of
virtue, and sin and damnation respectively. Their characters
also reflect Christian belief that humans are assigned
guardian angels, and that devils can influence human
thoughts.

The Good and Evil Angels personify the two aspects


of Faustus’s character. The former stands for order, virtue
or goodness and the latter represents the baser spirit of
Faustus, his indomitable passions and desires. One stands
for his conscience and the other, his curiosity for ‘unlawful
things.’

Morality play