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Vapor Pressure

1. CONVERSION
of Organic
FACTORS &
Compounds 2-65
MATH SYMBOL
--Tabulated

Vapor
Derived Units
of SI 1-2 Pressure of 2-80
Solutions

Alphabetical
Water-Vapor
Listing of
Common 1-14 Content of 2-95
Gases
Conversions
Common
Densities of
Units and
Conversion 1-17 Pure 2-96
Substances
Factors

ρ Aqueous
Gas Law
Constants 1-17 Inorganic 2-104
Solutions

Ρ Aqueous
Specific Gravity
Equations 1-19 Organic 2-114
Solutions

Fundamental Densities of
Physical 1-20 Miscellaneous 2-124
Constants Materials

Solubilities 2-125
2. PHYSICAL AND
CHEMICAL DATA
Solubility
Data Air NH3 2-131
Elements and
Inorganic 2-7
Compounds Thermal
Expansion 2-133
Organic
Compounds 2-28
Joule-Thomson
Effect 2-137
Vapor
Pressure of
Pure 2-48
Subtances Critical
Constants 2-138
Vapor
Pressure of
Inorganic & 2-55
Oganic Liquids Compressibilities 2-143
Vapor
Pressure 2-55
Calculator
Latent Heats 2-145
Vapor Pressure
Of Inorganic
Compounds 2-61
--Tabulated

Page | 1
Pressure-
Specific Heats
Enthalpy
Of Pure 2-156 Diagram for 2-309
Compounds
Nitrogen
Enthalpy-
Heat Capacity Concentration
Calculator 2-170 Diagram for 2-403
NaOH

CP/CV Ratio 2-182 Steam Table 2-413

Heat of Surface
Formation 2-185 Tension 2-419

Heat of Transport
Combustion 2-195 Properties 2-420

Viscosity of
Heat of
Solution 2-203 Substances 2-421
Using Calctr

Viscosity of
Thermodynamic
Properties 2-207 Liquids 2-427
Using Calc

Vapor
Thermodynamic
Thermal
Properties of 2-211 Condctvty of 2-433
Air
Substances

Pressure- Thermal
Enthalpy 2-215 Condctvty of 2-439
Diagram of Air Liquids

Transport
Pressure-
Properties
Enthalpy 2-219 (1)(1atm) 2-445
Diagram of NH3
(K,Pr,μ)
Liquid-Vapor
Prandtl
Equilibrium
Data for 2-224 Number of 2-451
Air
Ar-N2-O2
Temperature Thermo-
Entropy physical
Diagram for 2-244 Properties 2-452
CO Of Liquids
Enthalpy-
Concentration
Diagram for 2-267 Diffusivities 2-454
EtOH
Enthalpy- Thermal
Concentration Conductvty
Diagram for 2-285 Of Bldg and 2-459
HCL Insulating Mat’ls

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Prediction &
Correlation Surface
of Physical 2-463 Tensions 2-513
Properties

Critical
Properties 2-468 Flammability 2-515

Normal
Boiling & 2-471
Melting Pt.

Radius of 3. MATHEMATICS
Gyration 2-475

Area & Vol.


Vapor
2-477 of Shapes & 3-7
Pressure Solids

Differential
Antoine
2-477 & Integral 3-18
Equation Calculus

Laplace
Enthalpy of
2-478 Transform 3-38
Formation

Matrix
Enthalpy of
2-486 Calculations 3-40
Vaporization

Numerical
Analysis &
Enthalpy of
2-487 Approximate 3-47
Fusion
Methods

Nuclear
Enthalpy of
2-488 Differentation 3-48
Sublimation

States of
Carbon
Heat
2-489 per no. Of 3-50
Capacity
Carbon

Density 2-497 Synthesis 3-50

Viscosity 2-504

Thermal
Conductivity 2-509

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4. THERMODYNAMICS 4-1 Equilibrium 4-25

Variables,
Phase Rule of
Definitions & 4-5 Freedom 4-27
Relationships

Thermodynamic
Property 4-6 Work Ideal 4-39
Relations

Work,
Work
Enthalpy,
Adiabatic 4-7 Entropy 4-39
Rev
Relation
Property Energy
Calculations Balance For
for Gases and 4-8 Steady 4-39
Vapors State Flow

Redlich- Multistage
Kwong 4-11 Compression 4-40
Eq’n Work

Other
Property 4-13
Formulations

Trouton’s
Rule for ΔH 4-13 5. HEAT & MASS
TRANSFER 5-1
Continuity Eqn
for Mass 4-14
Flowrate
Conduction 5-3
Shaft Work for
Compressors & 4-16
Expanders Equation for
Hr 5-5

Turbine
Efficiency 4-16
Convection 5-7
Efficiency
Pumps,fan
Compressor 4-16 H for
&Blowers Convection 5-9
Nu=hD/k

Carnot 1 4-17
Radiation 5-15

Otto Efficiency 4-17 Frequency


Wave number 5-16
Wave Length

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Kirchoff’s Law Fanning Friction
For Radiation 5-19 Factor 6-10

Radiation 5-20 Entry Length 6-11

Total
Emissivity Ave.Velocity
of Various 5-21 of Pipes 6-11
Surfaces

Radiation w/ Equivalent
View Factor 5-25 Diameter 6-12

Frictional
Losses in
Mass Transfer 5-45 Pipeline 6-16
Elements

K for Valves
Diffusion 5-49 & Fittings 6-18

Rule of
Thumb For 5-50 Mach Number 6-22
Diffusivities

Fluid Mixing
Correlation of
Diffusivity 5-51 (agitation 6-34
stirred tanks)

Height of
Dimensionless
Packings 5-61 Groups 6-50
(NTU)

Mass transfr
Coeff/Corr
Wetted 5-63 Drag Coefficient 6-51
Column

Flow of Solids 6-52


6. FLUID &
PARTICLE 6-1
DYNAMICS

7. REACTION
Shear Stress KINETICS 7-1
for Fluid 6-4

Reaction Kinetics
Bernoulli’s Basic Concepts 7-5
Eq’n 6-7

Law of Mass
action & Effect 7-6
Mass Balance 6-7 of Temp

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Telemetering
Ideal Reactors 7-10 & 8-65
Transmission

Digital
Michaelis- Technology
Menten 7-18 for Process 8-68
Control
Controllers,
Michaelis w/
Final Control
Substrate 7-31 Elements & 8-71
Inhibition
Regulators
Noise Control
Nernst for
Sound
Electro- 7-32 Pressure 8-81
Chemical Cells
Level

Process
Eq’n for
Rate of Rxn 7-35 Control & 8-94
Plant Safety

Arrhenius
Eq’n for 9. PROCESS
Activation 7-36 ECONOMICS 9-1
Energy

Half-Life 7-36

10. TRANSPORT &


STORAGE OF 10-1
FLUIDS
8. PROCESS
CONTROL 8-1
Density &
Viscosity of 10-6
Fundamentals Air & H2O
of Process
Dynamics & 8-5
Control
Capillary Rise 10-8
Advanced
Control System 8-20
ρ1, ρ2 for
Flowmeters 10-9
Unit Ops
Control 8-39
Pitot Tubes 10-11
Batch Process
Control 8-47
Velocity-Ratio
Diagram 10-13
Process
Measurements 8-54
Flow Meters 10-15
Flow
Measurements 8-59
Orifice Meters 10-16

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Pump
Venturi Meters 10-18 Problems 10-43

PVT for
Pumps & Adiabatic
Compressors 10-24 Reversible 10-44
Process

Work for
Discharge
Head 10-26 Gases during 10-45
Compression

Kinetic
Velocity
Head 10-27 Energy of 10-48
Translation

Pump RMS Fans


Efficiency 10-27 & Blowers 10-49

Power Power
Output for 10-27 Needed for 10-51
Pumps Fan

Velocity
Steel Pipe
Formula 10-27 Properties 10-78
for Flow

Char curve
Centrifugal
Pump at 10-34 Valves 10-93
3450rpm
Char curve Flexibility
Centrifugal Factor &
Pumps at 10-34 Stress for 10-119
Various Speed Pipe Fittings

Storage &
Pump
Selection 10-34 Process 10-140
Vessels

Performance
Curve Range
for Impeller 10-35 Ka Values 10-141
Pumps
Affinity Law
for
Homologous 10-36
Pump
11. HEAT TRANSFER
Char Curve EQUIPMENT 11-1
Of Axial Flow 10-41
Pumps
Overall Heat
Char Curve of Transfer 11-4
Coefficient
Regenerative 10-41
Pumps
Temperature
Profiles for 11-5
Fluid Flow

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Thermal
Design of 11-11 Insulation 11-107
Condensers

Thermal
Design of 11-13 Evaporators 11-110
Evaporators

BPR of
Fouling &
Scaling 11-23 Aqueous 11-115
Solutions

Evaporative
cooling- 11-29
drying Ratio

TEMA Style
Heat 11-33
Exchanger 12. PSYCHROMETRY
EVAP COOLING & 12-1
SOLIDS DRYING
Air Cooled
Heat 11-49 Psychrometry
Exchanger DefInitions &
Inter 12-4
Heat Conversion
Exchangers 11-60
for Solid Antoine’s
Equation 12-5
Thermal
Insulation 11-70
Psychrometry
Chart 12-7
Air
Conditioning 11-76 Sample
Determination
of Moist Air 12-8
Properties
Refrigeration 11-78 Calculation
Methods for
Humidity 12-14
Temp-P-Conc Parameters
DiagramLi-Br- 11-91
H2O Cooling
Tower 12-17
Cryogenic
Process 11-99
Drying 12-25
Process
Equipment 11-103
Terminology 12-26
Work for
Separation & 11-104
Purification Relation
Between Wet 12-26
& Dry Basis

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McCabe-
Solids Drying
Equipment 12-40 Thiele 13-18
Method

Classification Thermal
Of Drying 12-41 Conditions 13-19
Equipment for Feed

Classification
Feed Line
of Dryer
based on 12-43 Eq’n (Slope& 13-19
y-intercept)
Feed
Drying Time
Frenske-
(Constant
Rate & 12-51 Underwood 13-25
for Nmin
Falling Rate)
Calculation of Simulation
Key Dimensions of
for Contact 12-70 Distillation 13-30
Dryers Process

Azeotropic
Distillation 13-81

Relative
Polarities of
13-93
13. DISTILLATION 13-1 Functional
Groups

Distillation
Introduction Temps of 13-100
to Distillation 13-4 Oil Products
Operations

Thermo- Batch
13-109
Dynamic 13-6 Distillation
Data

Relative
Volatility 13-7
14. EQUIPMENT FOR
DISTILLATION, GAS
ABSORPTION, PHASE 14-1
Equilb Curves DISPERSION & PHASE
for Distillation 13-8 SEPARATION
Design of
Gas-
D’ Preistier Absorption 14-7
Chart for K 13-10 Systems
Values
Gas
Single Stage Solubility 14-9
Equilb Flash 13-15 & Viscosity
Calculations
Packed
Tower 14-11
Relative Design
Volatility 13-17

Tray Tower
Design 14-14

Page | 9
15. LIQUID-LIQUID
Number of EXTRACTION &
Stages for 14-14 OTHER L-L 15-1
Absorption OPERATIONS &
EQUIPMENT
Heat Effects
in Gas 14-15
Absorption Definitions 15-10
Typical
Effect of Desirable
Packings 14-23
Solvent 15-11
on KOH Properties

Tray Min & Max


Columns 14-26 Solvent to
Feed Ratio 15-23
for LLE

Flooding 14-36 Solvent


Screening 15-32
Methods

Entrainment 14-40 Liquid ρ, μ &


Interfacial 15-39
Tension

Pressure Liquid-Liquid
Drop 14-42
Dispersion 15-41
Fundamentals

Transition Basic
b/w Flow 14-47 Calculation
Regimes Methods & 15-44
Procedures

Tray Liquid-Liquid
Efficiency 14-48
Extraction 15-58
Equipment

Packed Process
Columns 14-53
Control 15-93
Consideration

Packing Liquid-Liquid
Efficiency 14-63 Phase
Separation 15-96
Equipment

Other
Topics 14-80 Emerging
Developments 15-103

Phase
Dispersion 14-86

Phase 16. ADSORPTION &


Separation 14-111 16-1
ION EXCHANGE

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Design Chromato-
Concepts 16-4 graphy 16-38

Classification
Process
of Sorptive 16-5 Cycles 16-48
Separation

Methods of
Analysis of
Fixed Bed 16-6
Transition
17. GAS-SOLIDS
Adsorbents OPERATIONS & 17-1
EQUIPMENT
& ion 16-8
Exchangers
Fluidized
Physical Bed Systems 17-2
Properties of 16-10
Adsorbents
Uses of
Fluidized 17-16
Beds
Porosity 16-10

Gas-Solids
Separations 17-21
Sorption
Equilibrium 16-11

Particle
Physical
Measurements 17-24
Properties
of Ion- 16-11
Exchangers
Tyler
Screens 17-25
Conservation
Equations 16-17

Particle Size
Rate & Analysis 17-26
Dispersion 16-18
Factors
Dust
Mass Transfer Collection 17-28
Equipment
Coefficient 16-21
Adsorption
Req’d
Cyclone
Length Func 17-33
Rate
Equations 16-22 of Area

Cyclone
Efficiency 17-36
Batch
Adsorption 16-26

Collection
Efficiency 17-53
Fixed Bed
Transition 16-31

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18. LIQUID-SOLID Growth Rates
OPERATIONS & 18-1 for Industrial 18-48
EQUIPMENT Crystals

Introduction
Crystallization
to Fluid 18-7 Equipment 18-50
Mixing

Mixing
Equipment 18-9 Leaching 18-59

Impeller
Leaching
Reynolds 18-12 Ideal Stages 18-66
Number

Relation for
Geom’ly Gravity
Similar 18-13 Sedimentation 18-66
Impellers

Liquid-Liquid Compression
Contacting 18-20 Zone Volume 18-70

Mixing of
Viscous
Fluids,Paste 18-27 Filtration 18-82
And Dough

Power Rate of
Number 2 18-28 Filtration 18-83

Power
Numbers for
Anchor 18-29 Filter Aids 18-98
Impellers

Cystallization Filtration
from Solution 18-39 Equipment 18-99

Phase Selection of
Diagram for 18-40 Filtration 18-112
MgSO4-H2O Equipment

Phase
Diagram for 18-40 Centrifuges 18-114
KCl-NaCl-H2O

Yeild Stress
Yield from for
Crystall’n 18-41 Centrifugal 18-119
Cakes

Yeild from Filtration Rate


Evaporative 18-41 for 18-138
Cooling Centrifuges

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Reactor
Expression 18-143 Types 19-42

Selection of
Multiphase
Solid-Liquid 18-149 Reactors 19-49
Separation

Capacity
for Screw 19-52
Conveyors

19. REACTORS 19-1

Residence
Time &
Space 19-5 20. ALTERNATIVE
Velocity
SEPARATION 20-1
PROCESS

Ionic
Strength 19-5 Crystalliza-
tion from 20-3
the Melts
Kinetics for
Supercritical
Reactors 19-8 Fluid
CSTR & PFR
Separation 20-14
Processes
Reactor
Kinetics 19-8 Alternative
Solid-Liquid 20-15
Separation
Residence
Time
Distribution 19-14
& Mixing
Doppler Effect 20-30

Single
Phase 19-20 Membrane
Reactors Separation 20-36
Process

Fluid-Solid
Reactors 19-25 Ultra-
Filtration 20-50

Effective-
Ness Factor 19-25 Ultrafiltrat’n
Membrane 20-51
Properties

Catalytic
Reactors 19-27 Micro-
Filtration 20-54

Non-Catalytic
Reactor 19-36 Electro-
dialysis 20-66

Fluid-Fluid Selection of
Reactors 19-38 Biochemical
Separation 20-71
Process

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Wet/Dry
21. SOLID-SOLID Grinding 21-62
OPERATION & 21-1 Media Mills
PROCESSING
Critical
Particle Size
Analysis
Speed for 21-64
Methods & 21-8 Ball Mills
Equipment
Crushing &
Grinding 21-68
Particle Shape 21-10 Practice

Coal,Coke
& other
Particle Size Carbon 21-71
Measurement 21-12 Products

Size
Solids Enlargement 21-73
Handling 21-20

Size
Reduction 21-73
Screening 21-21
Size
Enlargement
Methods & 21-76
Moh’s Scale 21-28 Apps

Agglomeration
Solids
Rate Process 21-82
Mixing 21-33 & Mechanics

Control &
Design of
Size Granulation 21-110
Reduction 21-45 Processes
Size
Enlargement
Equipment & 21-117
Energy Laws 21-47 Practice
Simulation
of
Granulation 21-143
Work Indices 21-48 Processes

Simulation
of Grinding 21-52
Process
22. WASTE
MANAGEMENT 22-1
Impact &
Roller Mills 21-56

Viscosity of
Liquids 22-15
Fluid Energy
or Jet Mill 21-61

Flotation 22-18

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Safety Equipmt
Capital
Process,
Recovery 22-26 Design & 23-74
Factor
Operation

Required
Filtration 22-53 Relief Rate 23-76

Storage &
Lagoons Handling of
for VCM 22-73 Hazardous 23-97
Materials
Physical-
Chemical
Treatment 22-76
Adsorption

24. ENERGY
Stripping 22-76 RESOURCES,
CONVERSION & 24-1
UTILIZATION

Dulong’s Eqn 22-86 Fuels 24-4

Heating
Value/
Calorific 24-5
Value
23. PROCESS
SAFETY 23-1 Terminology
Coals II 24-7

Process
Safety 23-4
Intro Theoretical O2 24-21

Hazardous
Mat’ls & 23-6
Conditions Excess O2 24-21

Chemical
Reactivity 23-24
m3 O2/kg Fuel 24-22

Toxicity 23-28 Combustion


of Solid 24-25
Fuels

Other Hazards 23-34 Combustion


of Liquid 24-31
Fuels
Inherently
Safer Design
& Other 23-38 Combustion
Principles
of Gaseous 24-32
Fuels
Process
Safety 23-41
Analysis

Page | 15
Thermal
Energy
Coversion 24-35 E 9
Utilization
Electro-
chemical
Energy 24-45 F 11
Conversion

Energy
Recovery 24-51 G 13

H 15

IJK 17
25. MATERIALS OF
CONSTRUCTION 25-1

Corrosion LM 19
& its 25-3
Control

NOP 21
Thermo 25-10

QR 25
Properties
of Materials 25-28

High & Low S 27


Temperature 25-45
of Materials

T 29
Geometry
of Bonds 25-50
UVW
31
XYZ

A INDEX 1

BC 3

D 7

RXTT®
Page | 16