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Ryandikha oktaviandi

Mid-term Test Introduction to Essay Writing

1. What is a comparison and contrast essay ?

Comparison essay: is a describing likness between the subjects. For example The essay on
farmer life versus city life would provide paragraph on how people's who lives in the farm
are like the lives of the people that live on a city. Basically, the comparison tells what they
have in common in someway.
Contrast essay: in contrast essay there are two things that be contrasted, the writer explains the
topic in a lot of ways in which they are different. From the example above After completing a
unit of study on comparing who people live, writer should be able to provide several details
about how life on a farm can be very different from life in a city.

2. What are the generic structures of a comparison and contrast essay ?

The two types of structure, block and point-by-point,

Object 1 - Point 1
Object 1 - Point 2
Object 1 - Point 3
Transition sentence/paragraph
Object 2 - Point 1
Object 2 - Point 2
Object 2 - Point 3

Point 1
Object 1 ➤ Object 2
Point 2
Object 1 ➤ Object 2
Point 3
Object 1 ➤ Object 2
3. What are the differences between point by point and block organization ?
There are two main ways to structure a compare and contrast essay, namely using a block or
a point-by-point structure. For the block structure, all of the information about one of the
objects being compared/contrasted is given first, and all of the information about the other
object is listed afterwards. This type of structure is similar to the block structure used for
cause and effect and problem solution essays. For the point-by-pointstructure, each similarity
(or difference) for one object is followed immediately by the similarity (or difference) for the
other. Both types of structure have their merits. The former is easier to write, while the latter
is generally clearer as it ensures that the similarities/differences are more explicit
4. Whatsapp and Instagram for Teaching and Learning Activity today

Social media like Whatsapp and Instagram have becoming a part of our daily lives.
The reason why social media is so popular is because it allows users to explore their
knowledge and they can interact with things around the world. With many new onnovation of
technologies and developments in social networks today, there are many benefits and reasons
for everyone, including teachers or students to use social media. A study found that students
feel that the technology they use to learn, must be suitable to them. Many students are
challenged to be able to adjust to new learning tasks. Social media helps focus the collective
knowledge of the entire class to make learning and communication more efficient. Social
media can help identify additional content to strengthen or expand student learning.

people is able to communicate and interact through social media, and social media
have various types, one of which social media is WhatsApp. with WhatsApp students and
teachers can create discussion groups in a virtual class. Discussion Group is a form of
learning community which is a component of the learning model Contextual Teaching
Learning. using Whatsapp group in learning, especially in preparation for evaluating, both
daily and semester tests. For example:
1. Each student will carry out an evaluation,from the posts that have been sent by the teacher
the learning objectives that will be tested,
2. the teacher give task to the students to respond to each objective,
3. each student gives a comment or response from a friend's comment,
4. the teacher gives clue and for each objective,
5. the same thing is done for another topic.
The use of Whatsapp is usefull to increase the quantity and frequency of students read
teaching material that has been learned and will be tested. because students are often open
their smartphones every day. Thus, it is also certain to open the notification from Whatsapp
and read the deiscussion group. Opening Whatsapp is definitely easier than opening a book.

There is also social media as another learning tool it is Instagram.

Instagram is a photo and video sharing application that allows users to take and share photos
and videos, also it can apply text, and share them to various social networking services.
Instagram is a social media that is used to upload photos and videos to be shared with friends,
basically Instagram-based images where the text found on Instagram is not too much. The
usefulness of the social media istagram is favored by various groups including students in
high school to college students. Learning using Istagram, becomes a learning media
innovation for students with a lot of photos or videos and minimal text.so its making a lot of
interest. Because a lot of research have been made that visual trait is more attractive, so its
able to attract students to the learning material and make them curious and they can find
information about the photo or video printed on the Instagram page itself. The tutorial video
uploaded on Instagram can be a tool that can be used by students to access videos that have
been uploaded by the teacher.

The similarities in learning using Whatsapp and Instagram. Students who use
Whatsapp and Instagram directly provide and receive information. They share tips and how
to, like projects and useful information for their study material. Their ability to access,
analyze, store and share information has increased over time. Without being notice they have
developed their abilities in learning. Whatsapp and Instagram are also the options for a
discussion between teachers and students and sharing knowledge with other users, thus
opening up insights about the critical thinking. Of course there are also differences, The reach
of learning with Instagram is very huge we can get information from all over the world that is
shared but on whatsapp we can only learn from an internal or private sharing through phone
contact that we have and only certain scope that we can reach in terms of learning using
whatsapp is limited. Instagram is more wide range scope of sharing.

Are all resources that can be used for the benefit of the learning process both
directly and indirectly. The development of the technological era of learning activities or
learning resources can be carried out through social media that allows users to interact with
other people and interact with, various information and The effectiveness of utilizing the
progress of WhatsApp and Instagram can be a learning media, with good management can
foster a positive attitude in increasing student learning motivation.the use of WhatsApp and
Instagram in students' learning environments in an effective learning process. As a teacher
must be able to educate students to use social media for good things. Always supervised and
guide the students to use social media wisely, so the student don’ t get corrupted.