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Political and Historical Background

Parang is one of the original municipalities of the undivided Cotabato Province, the largest province
of the Philippines in the early 1920s whose land area was 94,740 hectares during that time.

To transient, Parang’s name connotes little significance. Originally, the natives call it “PADANG-
PADANG”, to mean rugged ridges. But the Maguindanaons and Christians simply call the place
PARANG, which remains to this day. In 1960s, the Municipality of Parang was a vast area, which
included the former municipal districts of Bugasan, Buldon, Barira, and Bongo Island.

Dating back to the 15th century, Shariff Mohammad Kabungsuan, an Arab-Malay missionary first set
foot in this place, brought with him seal and ardor of his Islamic Faith to the natives who later
embraced Islam, as their religion.

In 1854, the first Spanish Conquistadors implanted the Castilian flag at Parang. Their moldy Forts at
the entrance of Parang’s wharf and the scratches on their walls made by crude weapons of war have
given traces of their resistance by the natives. They established their naval base at Polloc Point,
converting this peaceful place to a zone of war.

The actual occupation of Parang, however, took place in 1896. A Spanish Colonel by the name of
Zoro led a regiment of soldiers to take over the local government. The garita (jail bastion) was
constructed at the entrance of Parang’s wharf, and also the Alfonso XIII waterworks.

In 1900s, the first batch of American soldiers landed under the command of Lt. R.G. Mygot, who
immediately formed a semblance of a local government with himself as mayor, AsiscloGimenez as
vice-mayor and Claro dela Cruz, Aurelio Acosta, Eugenio Gepte, and Domingo Duruin as councilors.
Also this time, the first public school was opened with Mr. Yadao and Mr. Pepe Torres as teachers.

In 1909, the same lineup of officials ran the affairs of the government with the exception of Pedro
Jimenez who became vice-mayor. Beginning in 1910, Justice of Peace had been appointed. Three (3)
Filipinos who occupied the positions are still remembered – Eugenio Gepte, Domingo Duruin and
AnatolioManalas. Changes were made again in 1914 when Cipriano Alanis became municipal Mayor
and Luis Francisco as his vice-mayor. The Council was composed of Jose Nunez, Claro dela Cruz
and Domingo Duruin. Antonio Colonel was Chief of Police and after him came Fidel Liberar.
Constantino Ibanez was the new justice of peace.

Of the many Spaniards and Americans who landed in Parang, only a few had stayed to see better
times. Among them were the Roaleses who prospected at Bongo Island, the Geminezes who acquired
the Bacolod Plantation, the Manions and Merritts who developed Sagasab Plantation.

The Islamic population continued to be ruled by their original datus. Among the few datus who ruled
their people were DatuDimarao of Parang, DatuCamdanAndas of Poblacion, DatuPandapatan of
Buldon, and Datu Anton Capitan of Simuay, DatuBalabagan of Balut, DatuAlimpang of Buldon, and
DatuMamarancas of Parang. From these lineages, are descended DatuBiruar,Mamarinta, Malambot,
Ragondo, Macabangen, Macaraub, Kasabangan, Ayunan, Mamalacat, Bura, Tamarumpong and the
present sons of these datus.

The greater portion of the land overlooking the Parang harbor was as military reservation, first
named after General Pershing who once established his base here in the early days of the American
occupation. A few years before World War II, Col. Fidel Segundo led the first Brigade of the Filipino
Scouts with station of Parang. The training camp was renamed Camp General Antonio Luna which
served as training ground for trainees in Mindanao who saw action during the war.

In 1945 the 10th Corps U.S Army Liberation Force used Parang as an anchorage for its drive against
the enemy towards Davao. But since then, the camp had been abandoned for active military purposes
and a portion of it was turned to civil government as a town site for Parang by the virtue of
Proclamation No. 132.

Christian settlers have tried their hands in the remote places only to be driven by lawless elements.
Among these settlements was barrio of Langcong, near Lanao boundary, which was already thriving
settlement before World War II. The early settlers were Ilonggos from Antique led by Mr. Belandres,
an enterprising pioneer. The Bugasan Plantation, which was started in the early 1920’s, encouraged
the natives to live in-groups either as workers of the plantation of DatuLidasan of Bugasan. The
Roaleses started and developed the Bongo coconut Hacienda and Cattle Ranch. Natives began to
settle in the place and grouped themselves under DatuBiruar and Litayen.

In Orandang, the dela Rosas and Evangelistas started the Orandang Ranch and Plantation. The
natives likewise settled nearby and profited from employment in the plantations. Later, some
industrious farmers began to cultivate their own farms. In Cuba and Sagasab, the Manions and
Molinas planted coconut. Here too, the native settled nearby and got the best experience out of living
in groups. The Venturas Gentles and Montezons settled at Dagarungan and Amadeo. So did the
Albores at Simuay and Dagarungan. The natives of Bugasan, Buldon, and Barira are Iranons while
the Maguindanaons live in the barrio of Parang district.

Parang’s land area drastically reduced when its former districts of Buldon, Matanog and Barira were
created into separate municipalities in the 1970’s

Parang, Maguindanao
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Parang

Municipality

Municipality of Parang

Polloc Port
Map of Maguindanao with Parang highlighted

Wikimedia | © OpenStreetMap

Parang

Location within the Philippines

Coordinates: 7°20′N 124°19′ECoordinates: 7°20′N 124°19′E

Country Philippines

Region Bangsamoro Autonomous Region in Muslim


Mindanao(BARMM)
Province Maguindanao

District 1st District

Founded August 18, 1947

Barangays 25 (see Barangays)

Government

 [1]

• Type Sangguniang Bayan

• Mayor Ibrahim P. Ibay

• Electorate 39,982 voters (2016)

Area

 [2]

• Total 850.78 km2 (328.49 sq mi)

Population

(2015 census)[3]

• Total 89,194

• Density 100/km2 (270/sq mi)

Time zone UTC+8 (PST)

ZIP code 9604

PSGC 153811000

IDD : area code  +63 (0)64

Climate type Tropical climate

Income class 1st municipal income class


Revenue (₱) 217.7 million  (2016)

Native Maguindanao language


languages Iranun
Tagalog

Website www.parang.gov.ph

Parang is a 1st class municipality in the province of Maguindanao, Philippines. According to the
2015 census, it has a population of 89,194 people.[3]
It is bordered to the north by Barira and Matanog, on the east by Buldon, and on the south is Sultan
Kudarat. It was created on August 18, 1947, through Executive Order No. 82.
The town was part of the province of Shariff Kabunsuan from October 2006 until its nullification by
the Supreme Court in July 2008.

Contents

 1Barangays
 2Demographics
 3Climate
 4Tourism
 5Infrastructure
o 5.1Transportation
o 5.2Health
o 5.3Utilities
 6Education
 7Sister Cities
 8References
 9External links

Barangays[edit]
Parang is politically subdivided into 25 barangays.

 Bongo Island (Litayen)


 Campo Islam
 Cotongan
 Datu Macarimbang Biruar
 Gadungan
 Gadungan Pedpandaran
 Guiday T. Biruar
 Gumagadong Calawag
 Kabuan
 Landasan (Sarmiento)
 Limbayan
 Macasandag
 Magsaysay
 Making
 Manion
 Moro Point
 Nituan
 Orandang
 Pinantao
 Poblacion
 Poblacion II
 Polloc
 Samberen
 Tagudtongan
 Tuca-Maror

Demographics[edit]

Population census of Parang

Year Pop. ±% p.a.

1903 603 —

1918 1,933 +8.08%

1939 4,495 +4.10%

1948 13,413 +12.92%

1960 37,296 +8.89%

1970 31,667 −1.62%

1975 32,506 +0.53%

1980 46,003 +7.19%

1990 55,355 +1.87%

1995 49,562 −2.05%

2000 60,935 +4.53%

2007 102,247 +7.40%


2010 73,328 −11.40%

2015 89,194 +3.80%

Source: Philippine Statistics Authority[3][4][5][6]

Climate[edit]
hideClimate data for Parang, Maguindanao
Ma Ma
Month Jan Feb Apr Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
r y
28 28 29 29 27 26 26 26 27 26 27 27 27
Average high °C (°F)
(82) (82) (84) (84) (81) (79) (79) (79) (81) (79) (81) (81) (81)
19 19 19 20 21 20 20 20 20 20 20 19 20
Average low °C (°F)
(66) (66) (66) (68) (70) (68) (68) (68) (68) (68) (68) (66) (68)
53 44 41 39 69 89 92 97 72 79 72 49 796
Average precipitation
(2.1 (1.7 (1.6 (1.5 (2.7 (3.5 (3.6 (3.8 (2.8 (3.1 (2.8 (1.9 (31.1
mm (inches)
) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) ) )
15. 13. 16. 16. 22. 23. 22. 23. 19. 21. 20. 17. 232.
Average rainy days
3 5 3 9 3 5 5 1 4 5 6 5 4
Source: Meteoblue [7]

Tourism[edit]
A cultural festival is held every August 18 in commemoration of the founding anniversary of Parang.
Events are organized by the municipal government with the participation of various stakeholders
Tourist attractions in Parang include:

 Golf course in Camp S.K Pendatun


 Zone Beach
 Punta Beach
 White Sand Beach in Limbayan, Bonggo Island
 Molina-Munoz Farm Resort
 Fruit Bats Sanctuary
 Bacolod street
 Simento white camp

Infrastructure[edit]
Transportation[edit]
Major sea cargo vessels connect Polloc Port to Manila and other Philippine cities.
Tricycles are the main modes of public transport in the municipality. Several shuttle vans and PUJs
provide regular trips to Cotabato City and other municipalities.
Health[edit]

 1 District Hospital
 1 Rural Health Unit
 1 Private Hospital
 1 Medical/Dental Hospital(PNP)
 1 Medical Diagnostic Laboratory
Utilities[edit]
Magelco (Maguindanao Electric Cooperative, Inc.) provides electric power to the locality. Inland
barangays use solar power as installed by our donor agencies.

Education[edit]
 Tertiary: 3 private schools
 Secondary: 5 public schools;3 private schools
 Elementary: 14 public schools;4 private schools
 Primary: 14 public schools
 Pre-School: 2 public schools;5 private schools

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