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19

a

m

=

 

a

n

20

 

21

(

a

b

m

m

22

(a m ) n = a mn

 

23

a 0

 
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24

a 1

= 1

25

a m

=

1

 
 

a

m

26

a

n =

n

 

27

n

n

a

n

 

28

n

m

 
 

n

a

n

a

 

29

=

b

n

 

n

nm a m

= nm

a

b

m

n

   

30

 

=

 

.

 

m

nm b n

 

31

n

a mp

n

 
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32

( a) n = a

n

 

33

a m = np a mp

n

 
   

m

34

n

n

 

35

a = mn a

m

n

 

36

( a) m =

n

n

 
 

1

a n −1

n

 

37

=

n

a

 

38

a ± b =

±

   

2

 

2

   

1

a ± √b

39

=
=

a ± √b

 
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40

 
59 b a x 2 + bx = 0, x 1 = 0, x 2
59
b
a x 2 + bx = 0, x 1
= 0, x 2 =
a
60
ax
2 + c = 0, x 1,2 =
± √ − c
a
Cubic Equation. Cardano\'s Formula.
y 3 + py + q = 0
,
1
√3
61
y
= u + v, y 2,3
=
(u + v) ±
(u + v)i
,
1
2
2
q
q
p
q
q
p
u =
3
where
+ √(
) 2 + (
) 2 , v =
√−
3
− √(
) 2 + (
) 2
2
2
3
2
2
3
Inequality Interval Notation
a ≤ x ≤ b [a, b]
a < x ≤ b (a, b]
a ≤ x < b [a, b)
62
a < x < b (a, b)
−∞ < x ≤ b, x ≤ b ( − ∞, b]
−∞ < x < b, x < b ( − ∞, b)
a ≤ x < ∞, x ≥ a [a, ∞)
a < x < ∞, x > a (a, ∞)
63
If
a
> b
, then
b < a
.
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64 If
a
> b
, then
a − b > 0
or
b − a < 0
.
65 If
a
> b
, then
a + c > b + c
66 If
a
> b
, then
a − c > b − c
67 If
a
> b
and
c > d
, then
a + c > b + d
68 If
a
> b
and
c > d
, then
a − d > b − c
69 If
a
> b
and
m > 0
, then
ma > mb
a
b
70 If
a
> b
and
m > 0
, then
>
m
m
71 If
a
> b
and
m < 0
, then
ma < mb
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a
b
72
If
a
> b
and
m < 0
, then
<
m
m
73
If
0
< a < b
and
n > 0
, then
a n
< b n
74
If
0
< a < b
and
n < 0
, then
a n
> b n
75
If
0
< a < b
, then
√ a <
n
√b
n
76
a + b
√ab ≤
, where
a > 0, b > 0
; an equality is valid only if
a = b
2
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BAAP OF ALL FORMULA LISTS
FOR IIT JEE
SERIES
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SL#
FORMULA
1
a n
= a n −1 + d = a n −2 + 2d = … = a 1 + (n − 1)d
2
a 1 + a n
= a 2 + a n −1 = … = a i + a n +1− i
a i −1 + a i +1
3
a i
=
2
a 1 + a n
2a 1 + (n − 1)d
4
S n =
. n =
. n
2
2
5
a n
= qa n − a
= a 1 q n −1
a 1 . a n
6
= a 2 . a n −1 = … = a i . a n +1− i
7
a i
.
= √ a i −1 . a i +1
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a n q − a 1
a 1 (q n − 1)
8
S n =
=
q − 1
q − 1
a
1
9
S =
lim
S n ∣ ∣ ∣ =
F
or ∣ ∣ q ∣
< 1
, the sum S converges as
n → ∞
.
n
→ ∞
1 − q
n(n + 1)
10
1 + 2 + 3 +
+ n =
2
11
2 + 4 + 6 + … + 2n = n(n + 1)
12
1 + 3 + 5 + … + (2n − 1) = n 2
n(2k + n − 1)
13
k + (k + 1) + (k + 2) + … + (k + n − 1) =
2
n(n + 1)(2n + 1)
14
1 2 + 2 2 + 3 2 + … + n 2 =
6
n( 4n 2 − 1)
15
1 2 + 3 2 + 5 2 + … + (2n − 1) 2 =
3
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16
1 3 + 3 3 + 5 3 + … + (2n − 1) 3 = n 2 ( 2n 2 − 1)
1
1
1
1
17
1
+
+
+
+ … +
+ … = 2
n
2
4
8
2
1
1
1
1
18
+
+
+ … +
+ … = 1
1.2
2.3
3.4
n(n + 1)
1
1
1
1
19
1
+
+
+
+ … +
1!
2!
3!
(n − 1)! + ….
= e
Infinite Series
20
a n
= a 1 + a 2 + … + a n + …
n
=1
Nth Partial Sum
n
21
S n =
∑ a n = a 1 + a 2 + … + a n
n =1
Convergence of Infinite Series
22
a n
= L
, if
lim ∞ S n = L
n →
n
=1
Nth Term Test
23
, If the series
a
is convergent, then
lim
= 0
, If
lim ∞
a n
≠ 0,
then the series is divergent.
n
n
→00 a n
n →
n =1
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∞ ∞
24
∑ (a n + b n ) = ∑ a n + ∑ b n = A + B
n
=1
n =1
n =1
25
ca n
= c ∑ a n = cA
n
=1
n =1
The Comparison Test
Let
∑ a n and
b
be series such that
0 < a n ≤ b n
for all n. If
b
is convergetn then
a
is
n
n
n
26
n =1
n =1
n =1
n =1
also convergent. If
a
is divergent then
b
is also divergent.
n
n
n =1
n =1
1
27
P­series
converges for
p > 1
and diverges for
0 < p ≤ 1
p
n
n =1
28
The integral Test
Let
f(x)
be a function which is continuous, positive, and decreasing for all
x ≥ 1
. The series
∞ ∑ =1 f(n) = f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + … + f(n) +
=1 f(n) = f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + … + f(n) + …
converges if
∫ ∞ f(x)dx
converges, and divrges if
1
n
∫ n f(x)dx → ∞asn → ∞
1
The ratio test
a n +1
Let
a
be a series with positive terms. If
lim
< 1
then
a
is convergent., If
n
n
n → ∞
a
n
29
n
=1
n =1
a n +1
a n +1
lim
> 1
then
a
is divergent., If
lim ∞ (
= 1then ∑
a
may converge or diverge
n
n
n
→ ∞
a
n →
a
n
n
n =1
n =1
and the ratio test is inconclusive, some other tests must be used.
The Root Test
Let
a
be a series with positive terms. If
lim
√ a n < 1then ∑
n
a
is convergent., If
n
n
n → ∞
30
n
=1
n =1
lim
√ a n > 1then ∑
n
a
is convergent., If
lim
√ a n = 1then ∑
n
a
may converge or diverge, but
n
n
n
→ ∞
n → ∞
n =1
n =1
no conclusion can be drawn from this test.
The Alternating Series Test (Leibniz\'s Theorem) Let
{a n }
be a sequence of positive numbers such that
31
< a n
for all n.
lim ∞
a n
= 0
., Then the alternating series
∑ ( − 1) n a n
and
∑ ( − 1) n −1 a n
both
a n +1
n →
n =1
n =1
converge.
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Absolute Convergence
32
A
series
a
is absolutely convergetn if the series
|a n |
is convergent., If the series
a
is
n
n
n =1
n =1
n =1
absoluytely convergent then it is convergent.
Conditional Convergence
33
A
series
a
is conditionally convergent if the series is convergent but is not absolutely convergent.
n
n =1
Power Series in x
34
a n x n
= a 0 + a 1 x + a 2 x 2 + … + a n x n + …
n
=0
Power Series
35
a n (x − x 0 ) n
= a 0 + a 1 (x − x 0 ) + a 2 (x − x 0 ) 2 + … + a n (x − x 0 ) n + …
n
=0
Interval of Convergence
36
The set of those values of x for which the function
f(x) =
a n (x − x 0 ) n
is convergent is called the
n =0
interval of conergence.
37
Radius of Convergence
If the interval of convergence is (x 0 − R, x 0 + R) for
If the interval of convergence is
(x 0 − R, x 0 + R)
for some
R ≥ 0
the R is called the radius of
1
a
n
convergence. It is given as
R =
lim
or R =
lim
.
n → ∞
n
n → ∞
a n
a n +1
Differentiation of Power Series
Let
f(x) =
a n x n
= a 0 + a 1 x + a 2 x 2 + …
for
|x| < R.
Then, for
|x| < R
,
f(x)
is contiuous, the
38
n
=0
derivative
f ' (x)
exists
and
d
d
d
f ' (x) =
a 0 +
a 1 x +
a 2 x 2 ) … = a 1 + 2a 2 x + 3a 3 x 2 + … =
na n x n −1
.
dx
dx
dx
n =1
Integration of Power Series
Letf(x) =
a n x n
= a 0 + a 1 x + a 2 x 2 + …
for
|x| < R
Then for
|x| < R
, the indefinite integral
n
=0
39
∫f(x)dx
exists
and
2
3
x n +1
x
x
∫f(x)dx = ∫a 0 dx + ∫a 1 xdx + ∫a 2 x 2 dx + … = a 0 x + a 1
+ a 2
+
… ∑
a n
+ C
2
3
n + 1
n =0
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Taylor Series
I(x − a) n
f ' ' (a)(x − a) 2
f n (a)(x − a) n
40
f(x) =
∑ f n (a)
= f(a) + f ' (a)(x − a) +
+ … =
+ R n
n!
2!
n!
n =0
.
The Remainder After
n + 1
Terms is given by
41
f n +1 (ξ)(x − a) n +1
R n =
, a < ξ < x
.
(n + 1)!
Maclaurin Series
42
n
x
f ' ' (0)x 2
f
n (0)x n
f(x)f n (0)
= f(0) + f ' (0)x +
= … +
+ R n
n!
2!
n!
2
3
x
x
43
e x
= 1 + x +
+
+ … + x n (n!) + …
2!
3!
x
ln a
(x ln a) 2
(x ln a) 3
(x ln a) n
44
a x
= 1 +
+
+ (
+ … +
+ …
1!
2!
3!
n!
2
3
3
x
x
x
( − 1) n x n +1
45
ln(1 + x) = x −
+
+ … +
± …,
− 1 < x ≤ 1
.
2
3
4
n + 1
3
5
7
ln(1 + x)
x
x
x
46
= 2( x +
+
+
+ …), |x| < 1
.
1 − x
3
5
7
x
− 1
1
x − 1
1
x − 1
47
ln x = 2[
+
(
) 3
+
(
…], x > 0
.
x
+ 1
3
x
+ 1
5
(x + 1) 5
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x

2

x

4

x

6

(

 

− 1) n x 2n

 

48

 

+

 

+

     

c

2!

4!

 

6!

 
   

x

3

x

5

x

7

(

 

− 1) n x 2n +1

 

49

 

+

 

     

3!

5!

 

7!

 
   

x

3

 

2x 5

 

17x 7

 

62x 9

 

π

50

3

+

15

 

+

315

+

2

 

1

x

x

3

2x 5

 

2x 7

   

51

x

3

+

45

 

+

945

+

<

π

.

   

x

3

   

52

       

2.3

+

   
   

π

 

x

3

   

53

cos 1 x =

     

2

 

2.3

+

.

54

x

3

+

x

5

x

7

( − 1) n x 2n +1

.

 

3

 

5

7

 
   

x

2

x

4

x

6

x

2n

55

2!

+

4!

 

+

6!

   
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x

3

x

5

x

7

x 2n +1

 

56

 

+

+

     

3!

 

5!

 

7!

 

57

   

58

^ nC m =

 
 

m!

 
 

1

59

=

 
 

.

 

+ x

 
 

1

60

=

 
   

x

x

2

   

61

1 + x = 1 +

2

2.4

+

 
   

x

     

62

1 + x = 1 +

3

 

+

 

.

 

3

3.6

   
   

a

2

0

   

63

 

+

   

 
π 64 a n = f(x)cos nxdx π 1 ∫ − π π 65 b
π
64 a n =
f(x)cos nxdx
π 1 ∫
π
π
65 b n =
1
π ∫
f(x)cos nxdx
π
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BAAP OF ALL FORMULA LISTS
FOR IIT JEE
CIRCLE
 Download Doubtnut Today
SL#
FORMULA
Equation of a Circle Centered at the Origin (Standard Form)
1
x 2 + y 2
= R 2
Equation of a Circle Centered at Any Point
2
(a, b)
,
(x − a) 2 + (y − b) 2 = R 2
Three Point Form
2
x
+
y 2
x
y
1
2
2
3
x
+ y
x
y
1
1
1
1
1
= 0
2
x 2 2 + y
x
y
1
2
2
2
2
2
x 3 + y
x
y
1
3
3
3
Parametric Form
4
x = R cos t
,
y
= R sin t
,
0 ≤ t ≤ 2π
General Form
Ax 2 + Ay 2 + Dx + Ey + F
= 0
2
(
A ≠ 0
,
D
+ E 2 > 4AF )
.
5
D
E
The center of the Circle has coordinates
(a, b)
where
a =
, b =
.
2A
2A
R = √ D 2 + E 2 − 4AF
The radius of the circle is
2|A|
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 Download Doubtnut to Ask Any Math Question By just a click
 Get A Video Solution For Free in Seconds
 Doubtnut Has More Than 1 Lakh Video Solutions
 Free Video Solutions of NCERT, RD Sharma, RS Aggarwal, Cengage (G.Tewani), Resonance DPP,
Allen, Bansal, FIITJEE, Akash, Narayana, VidyaMandir
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