Вы находитесь на странице: 1из 110
 SL# FORMULA 1 a 2 − b 2 2 a 3 − b 3 3 a 3 + b 3 4 a 4 − b 4 5 a 5 − b 5 = (a − b)(a 4 + a 3 b + a 2 b 2 + ab 3 + b 4 ) 6 a 5 + b 5 = (a + b)(a 4 − a 3 b + a 2 b 2 − ab 3 + b 4 ) 7 a n + b n = (a + b)(a n −1 − a n −2 b + a n −3 b 2 − … − ab n −2 + b n −1 ) 8 a n − b n (a − b)(a n −1 + a n −2 b + a n −3 b 2 + … + ab n −2 + b n −1 ) a n + b n = (a + b)(a n −1 − a n −2 b + a n −3 b 2 − … + ab n −2 − b n −1 ) 9 10 11 (a − b) 3 = a 3 − 3a 2 b + 3ab 2 − b 3 12 (a + b) 3 = a 3 + 3a 2 b + 3ab 2 + b 3 13 (a − b) 4 = a 4 − 4a 3 b + 6a 2 b 2 − 4ab 3 + b 4 14 (a + b) 4 = a 4 + 4a 3 b + 6a 2 b 2 + 4ab 3 + b 4 15 ^ nC 0 a n + ^ nC 2 a n −2 b 2 + … + ^ nC n b n 16 17 18 a m a n = a m + n
 19 m = a m − n n 20 (ab) m = a m b m 21 m m 22 (a m ) n = a mn 23 a 0 24 a 1 25 a − m 1 m 26 m √a m 27 28 √b = nm √a m b n 29 nm √a m = nm √ m n 30 nm √b n 31 ( √a m ) P = √a mp 32 ( √ a) n = a 33 √a m = np √a mp 34 √a m = a 35 √ √ a = mn √ a 36 ( √ a) m = √a m √a n −1 37 38 √ a ± √b = 39 = 40
 x = a y 41 42 43 44 log a x 45 46 47 log a √ x = log a x log c x 48 log c a 1 49 log c a 50 x = a log a x 51 52 53 54 55 b 56 2 + bx + c = 0, x 1,2 = −b ± √b 2 − 4ac 57 58 { x 1 + x 2 = x 1 x 2
59
b
a x 2 + bx = 0, x 1
= 0, x 2 =
a
60
ax
2 + c = 0, x 1,2 =
± √ − c
a
Cubic Equation. Cardano\'s Formula.
y 3 + py + q = 0
,
1
√3
61
y
= u + v, y 2,3
=
(u + v) ±
(u + v)i
,
1
2
2
q
q
p
q
q
p
u =
3
where
+ √(
) 2 + (
) 2 , v =
√−
3
− √(
) 2 + (
) 2
2
2
3
2
2
3
Inequality Interval Notation
a ≤ x ≤ b [a, b]
a < x ≤ b (a, b]
a ≤ x < b [a, b)
62
a < x < b (a, b)
−∞ < x ≤ b, x ≤ b ( − ∞, b]
−∞ < x < b, x < b ( − ∞, b)
a ≤ x < ∞, x ≥ a [a, ∞)
a < x < ∞, x > a (a, ∞)
63
If
a
> b
, then
b < a
.
64 If
a
> b
, then
a − b > 0
or
b − a < 0
.
65 If
a
> b
, then
a + c > b + c
66 If
a
> b
, then
a − c > b − c
67 If
a
> b
and
c > d
, then
a + c > b + d
68 If
a
> b
and
c > d
, then
a − d > b − c
69 If
a
> b
and
m > 0
, then
ma > mb
a
b
70 If
a
> b
and
m > 0
, then
>
m
m
71 If
a
> b
and
m < 0
, then
ma < mb
a
b
72
If
a
> b
and
m < 0
, then
<
m
m
73
If
0
< a < b
and
n > 0
, then
a n
< b n
74
If
0
< a < b
and
n < 0
, then
a n
> b n
75
If
0
< a < b
, then
√ a <
n
√b
n
76
a + b
√ab ≤
, where
a > 0, b > 0
; an equality is valid only if
a = b
2
 77 a 1 + a 2 + … + a n 78 √ a 1 a 2 …a n ≤ a 1 , a 2 , …, a n 79 b 80 b 81 82 83 84 85 x 2 86 x 2 87 88 89 90 91 A = Ce rt
BAAP OF ALL FORMULA LISTS
FOR IIT JEE
SERIES
SL#
FORMULA
1
a n
= a n −1 + d = a n −2 + 2d = … = a 1 + (n − 1)d
2
a 1 + a n
= a 2 + a n −1 = … = a i + a n +1− i
a i −1 + a i +1
3
a i
=
2
a 1 + a n
2a 1 + (n − 1)d
4
S n =
. n =
. n
2
2
5
a n
= qa n − a
= a 1 q n −1
a 1 . a n
6
= a 2 . a n −1 = … = a i . a n +1− i
7
a i
.
= √ a i −1 . a i +1
a n q − a 1
a 1 (q n − 1)
8
S n =
=
q − 1
q − 1
a
1
9
S =
lim
S n ∣ ∣ ∣ =
F
or ∣ ∣ q ∣
< 1
, the sum S converges as
n → ∞
.
n
→ ∞
1 − q
n(n + 1)
10
1 + 2 + 3 +
+ n =
2
11
2 + 4 + 6 + … + 2n = n(n + 1)
12
1 + 3 + 5 + … + (2n − 1) = n 2
n(2k + n − 1)
13
k + (k + 1) + (k + 2) + … + (k + n − 1) =
2
n(n + 1)(2n + 1)
14
1 2 + 2 2 + 3 2 + … + n 2 =
6
n( 4n 2 − 1)
15
1 2 + 3 2 + 5 2 + … + (2n − 1) 2 =
3
16
1 3 + 3 3 + 5 3 + … + (2n − 1) 3 = n 2 ( 2n 2 − 1)
1
1
1
1
17
1
+
+
+
+ … +
+ … = 2
n
2
4
8
2
1
1
1
1
18
+
+
+ … +
+ … = 1
1.2
2.3
3.4
n(n + 1)
1
1
1
1
19
1
+
+
+
+ … +
1!
2!
3!
(n − 1)! + ….
= e
Infinite Series
20
a n
= a 1 + a 2 + … + a n + …
n
=1
Nth Partial Sum
n
21
S n =
∑ a n = a 1 + a 2 + … + a n
n =1
Convergence of Infinite Series
22
a n
= L
, if
lim ∞ S n = L
n →
n
=1
Nth Term Test
23
, If the series
a
is convergent, then
lim
= 0
, If
lim ∞
a n
≠ 0,
then the series is divergent.
n
n
→00 a n
n →
n =1
∞ ∞
24
∑ (a n + b n ) = ∑ a n + ∑ b n = A + B
n
=1
n =1
n =1
25
ca n
= c ∑ a n = cA
n
=1
n =1
The Comparison Test
Let
∑ a n and
b
be series such that
0 < a n ≤ b n
for all n. If
b
is convergetn then
a
is
n
n
n
26
n =1
n =1
n =1
n =1
also convergent. If
a
is divergent then
b
is also divergent.
n
n
n =1
n =1
1
27
P­series
converges for
p > 1
and diverges for
0 < p ≤ 1
p
n
n =1
28
The integral Test
Let
f(x)
be a function which is continuous, positive, and decreasing for all
x ≥ 1
. The series
=1 f(n) = f(1) + f(2) + f(3) + … + f(n) + …
converges if
∫ ∞ f(x)dx
converges, and divrges if
1
n
∫ n f(x)dx → ∞asn → ∞
1
The ratio test
a n +1
Let
a
be a series with positive terms. If
lim
< 1
then
a
is convergent., If
n
n
n → ∞
a
n
29
n
=1
n =1
a n +1
a n +1
lim
> 1
then
a
is divergent., If
lim ∞ (
= 1then ∑
a
may converge or diverge
n
n
n
→ ∞
a
n →
a
n
n
n =1
n =1
and the ratio test is inconclusive, some other tests must be used.
The Root Test
Let
a
be a series with positive terms. If
lim
√ a n < 1then ∑
n
a
is convergent., If
n
n
n → ∞
30
n
=1
n =1
lim
√ a n > 1then ∑
n
a
is convergent., If
lim
√ a n = 1then ∑
n
a
may converge or diverge, but
n
n
n
→ ∞
n → ∞
n =1
n =1
no conclusion can be drawn from this test.
The Alternating Series Test (Leibniz\'s Theorem) Let
{a n }
be a sequence of positive numbers such that
31
< a n
for all n.
lim ∞
a n
= 0
., Then the alternating series
∑ ( − 1) n a n
and
∑ ( − 1) n −1 a n
both
a n +1
n →
n =1
n =1
converge.
Absolute Convergence
32
A
series
a
is absolutely convergetn if the series
|a n |
is convergent., If the series
a
is
n
n
n =1
n =1
n =1
absoluytely convergent then it is convergent.
Conditional Convergence
33
A
series
a
is conditionally convergent if the series is convergent but is not absolutely convergent.
n
n =1
Power Series in x
34
a n x n
= a 0 + a 1 x + a 2 x 2 + … + a n x n + …
n
=0
Power Series
35
a n (x − x 0 ) n
= a 0 + a 1 (x − x 0 ) + a 2 (x − x 0 ) 2 + … + a n (x − x 0 ) n + …
n
=0
Interval of Convergence
36
The set of those values of x for which the function
f(x) =
a n (x − x 0 ) n
is convergent is called the
n =0
interval of conergence.
37
If the interval of convergence is
(x 0 − R, x 0 + R)
for some
R ≥ 0
the R is called the radius of
1
a
n
convergence. It is given as
R =
lim
or R =
lim
.
n → ∞
n
n → ∞
a n
a n +1
Differentiation of Power Series
Let
f(x) =
a n x n
= a 0 + a 1 x + a 2 x 2 + …
for
|x| < R.
Then, for
|x| < R
,
f(x)
is contiuous, the
38
n
=0
derivative
f ' (x)
exists
and
d
d
d
f ' (x) =
a 0 +
a 1 x +
a 2 x 2 ) … = a 1 + 2a 2 x + 3a 3 x 2 + … =
na n x n −1
.
dx
dx
dx
n =1
Integration of Power Series
Letf(x) =
a n x n
= a 0 + a 1 x + a 2 x 2 + …
for
|x| < R
Then for
|x| < R
, the indefinite integral
n
=0
39
∫f(x)dx
exists
and
2
3
x n +1
x
x
∫f(x)dx = ∫a 0 dx + ∫a 1 xdx + ∫a 2 x 2 dx + … = a 0 x + a 1
+ a 2
+
… ∑
a n
+ C
2
3
n + 1
n =0
Taylor Series
I(x − a) n
f ' ' (a)(x − a) 2
f n (a)(x − a) n
40
f(x) =
∑ f n (a)
= f(a) + f ' (a)(x − a) +
+ … =
+ R n
n!
2!
n!
n =0
.
The Remainder After
n + 1
Terms is given by
41
f n +1 (ξ)(x − a) n +1
R n =
, a < ξ < x
.
(n + 1)!
Maclaurin Series
42
n
x
f ' ' (0)x 2
f
n (0)x n
f(x)f n (0)
= f(0) + f ' (0)x +
= … +
+ R n
n!
2!
n!
2
3
x
x
43
e x
= 1 + x +
+
+ … + x n (n!) + …
2!
3!
x
ln a
(x ln a) 2
(x ln a) 3
(x ln a) n
44
a x
= 1 +
+
+ (
+ … +
+ …
1!
2!
3!
n!
2
3
3
x
x
x
( − 1) n x n +1
45
ln(1 + x) = x −
+
+ … +
± …,
− 1 < x ≤ 1
.
2
3
4
n + 1
3
5
7
ln(1 + x)
x
x
x
46
= 2( x +
+
+
+ …), |x| < 1
.
1 − x
3
5
7
x
− 1
1
x − 1
1
x − 1
47
ln x = 2[
+
(
) 3
+
(
…], x > 0
.
x
+ 1
3
x
+ 1
5
(x + 1) 5
 2 4 6 − 1) n x 2n 48 3 5 7 − 1) n x 2n +1 49 3 2x 5 17x 7 62x 9 50 3 2x 5 2x 7 51 3 1.3x 5 1.3.5…(2n − 1)x 2n +1 52 sin −1 x = x + 3 1.3x 5 1.3.5. (2n − 1)x 2n +1 53 cos −1 x = 54 tan −1 x = x − 3 5 7 ( − 1) n x 2n +1 2 4 6 x 55 3 5 7 x 2n +1 56 57 (1 + x) n = 1 + n C 1 x + n C 2 x 2 + + m C n x m + … + x n 58 ^ nC m = 59 60 2 1.3x 3 61 √1 + x = 1 + 1.2x 2 62 √1 + x = 1 + 63
π
64 a n =
f(x)cos nxdx
π 1 ∫
π
π
65 b n =
1
π ∫
f(x)cos nxdx
π
 Doubtnut Has More Than 1 Lakh Video Solutions
 Free Video Solutions of NCERT, RD Sharma, RS Aggarwal, Cengage (G.Tewani), Resonance
DPP, Allen, Bansal, FIITJEE, Akash, Narayana, VidyaMandir
BAAP OF ALL FORMULA LISTS
FOR IIT JEE
CIRCLE
SL#
FORMULA
Equation of a Circle Centered at the Origin (Standard Form)
1
x 2 + y 2
= R 2
Equation of a Circle Centered at Any Point
2
(a, b)
,
(x − a) 2 + (y − b) 2 = R 2
Three Point Form
2
x
+
y 2
x
y
1
2
2
3
x
+ y
x
y
1
1
1
1
1
= 0
2
x 2 2 + y
x
y
1
2
2
2
2
2
x 3 + y
x
y
1
3
3
3
Parametric Form
4
x = R cos t
,
y
= R sin t
,
0 ≤ t ≤ 2π
General Form
Ax 2 + Ay 2 + Dx + Ey + F
= 0
2
(
A ≠ 0
,
D
+ E 2 > 4AF )
.
5
D
E
The center of the Circle has coordinates
(a, b)
where
a =
, b =
.
2A
2A
R = √ D 2 + E 2 − 4AF
The radius of the circle is
2|A|
 Doubtnut Has More Than 1 Lakh Video Solutions
 Free Video Solutions of NCERT, RD Sharma, RS Aggarwal, Cengage (G.Tewani), Resonance DPP,
Allen, Bansal, FIITJEE, Akash, Narayana, VidyaMandir

SL#

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

FORMULA

 i 1 i 5 = i i 2 i 6 i 4n + 2 i 3 i 7 i 4n + 3 i 4 i 8 i 4n