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Kemari

Kemari (Japanese: 蹴鞠) is a ball game that was popular in Japan during the Heian
period. Kemari has been revived in modern times.

Contents
History
Description
See also A game of Kemari at Tanzan Shrine
References

History
The first evidence of kemari is from 644 AD.[1] The rules were standardized from the 13th century.[1] The game was influenced by
the Chinese sport of Cuju.[2] The characters for Kemari are the same as Cuju in Chinese. The sport was introduced to Japan about
600, during the Asuka period. Nowadays, it is played inShinto shrines for festivals.[2] George H. W. Bush played the game on one of
his presidential visits to Japan.[3][4]

Description
It is a non-competitive sport.[5] The object of Kemari is to keep one ball in the air,[2] with all
players cooperating to do so. Players may use any body part with the exception of arms and
hands – their head, feet, knees, back, and depending on the rules, elbows to keep the ball aloft.
The ball, known as a mari, is made of deerskin with the hair facing inside and the hide on the
outside. The ball is stuffed with barley grains to give it shape. When the hide has set in this
shape, the grains are removed from the ball, and it is then sewn together using the skin of a
horse. The one who kicks the ball is called a mariashi. A good mariashi makes it easy for the
receiver to control the mari, and serves it with a soft touch to make it easy to keep the mari in
the air.

Kemari is played on a flat ground, about 6–7 meters squared.[1] The uniforms that the players
wear are reminiscent of the clothes of the Asuka age and include a crow hat. This type of
clothing was called kariginu and it was fashionable at that time. A game of Kemari at Tanzan
Shrine

See also
Cuju
Footbag

References
1. Allen Guttmann, Lee Austin Thompson (2001).Japanese sports: a history(https://books.google.com/books?id=lbOa
u1trIMMC&pg=PA34&dq=kemari#v=onepage&q=kemari&f=false). University of Hawaii Press. pp. 26–27.
ISBN 9780824824648. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
2. Witzig, Richard (2006).The Global Art of Soccer(https://books.google.com/books?id=H2T0ZD5S86QC&pg=PA5&dq
=kemari#v=onepage&q=kemari&f=false). CusiBoy Publishing. p. 5.ISBN 9780977668809. Retrieved 2010-07-08.
3. Wines, Michael (1992-01-07)."On Japan Leg of Journey, Bush's Stakes Are High" (https://query.nytimes.com/gst/full
page.html?res=9E0CE7DF113AF934A35752C0A964958260&st=cse&sq=kemari&scp=2) . The New York Times.
4. Wines, Michael (1992-01-08)."Japanese Visit, on the Surface: Jovial Bush,Friendly Crowds" (https://query.nytimes.c
om/gst/fullpage.html?res=9E0CE0DF143DF93BA35752C0A964958260&st=cse&sq=kemari&scp=3) . The New York
Times.
5. "History of Football" (https://www.fifa.com/classicfootball/history/the-game/origins.html). FIFA. Retrieved 29 April
2013.

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This page was last edited on 13 March 2019, at 01:06(UTC).

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