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LAWS –A body of rules of conduct of binding legal force and effect,

prescribed, recognized, and enforced by controlling authority. Law is a
system of rules that administer a society with the intention of maintaining
social order, maintaining justice and preventing harm to individuals and
A set of rules decided by a particular state meant for the purpose of
keeping the peace and security of society.

b. CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISION – is a law that is written in the Constitution

itself and does not come from a rule or statute. It establishes the basic
rights, duties and structure of the polity. These provisions cannot be easily
altered except by the way of amendment procedure given in the
Constitution itself.

c. LEGISLATIVE ENACTMENT – creation of a law, passage of a law, act of

making a law

RA 3846
RA 4200
RA 5734 (Old ECE Law)
RA 6849
RA 7925
RA 9292 (New ECE Law)

e. REGULATIONS – A rule of order having the force of law, prescribed by a

superior or competent authority, relating to the actions of those under the
authority's control. Regulations are issued by various federal government
departments and agencies to carry out the intent of legislation enacted by

f. RESOLUTION – In law, resolution is a written motion (formal proposal by a

member of a deliberative assembly that the assembly take certain action)
adopted by a deliberative body A deliberative assembly is a gathering of
members (of any kind of collective) who use parliamentary procedure to
make decisions. ) . The substance of the resolution can be anything that can
normally be proposed as a motion.

g. EXECUTIVE ORDERS – refers to an order issued by a governor of a state. An

executive order can also be called a decree or orders-in-council.
EO 59
EO 109
EO 196
EO 205, S. 1987
EO 436
EO 469

h. PRESIDENTIAL DECREES – is a rule of law usually issued by a head of state,

An authoritative order having the force of law.
PD 576-A

i. PENAL PROVISIONS – A clause (as in a contract) that calls for a penalty to be

paid or suffered by a party under specified terms (as in the event of a
breach) and that is usually unenforceable.


k. ADMINISTRATIVE CODE – the legislative act that systematically presents

laws pertaining to a certain area of administrative legislation.

l. MEMORANDUM ORDERS/CIRCULAR – Memorandum order and judgment

states the rights and issues of the parties involved as to the issues on
appeal. It is a summary written order that ends a Supreme Court appeal.

m. OFFICE ORDER –An order containing directions or instructions which are

complied with by the person receiving the order.