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FACULTY OF ENGINEERING

CHEMICAL ENGINEER DEPARTMENT


MASTER PROGRAM IN HYDROCARBONS PROCESSING ENGINEERING

Hydrocarbon Processing and Technology II

Energy Savings in The Process of Methanol

Synthesis Using Pinch Technology

Students Names: Lecturer:


Mate, Salvador Eugénio Professor Thokozani Majozi
Uamusse, Selma Armando
Uwiragiye, Bonaventure

Maputo, September of 2018


Table of Contents

Introduction ...................................................................................................................... 1

Methanol Synthesis Process ........................................................................................... 1

Network Design ............................................................................................................... 3

List of Figures

Figure 1. The process flowsheet of methanol synthesis plant. ........................................ 2


Figure 2: CASCADE DIAGRAM ...................................................................................... 4
Figure 3. The proposed heat exchangers network .......................................................... 5

List of Tables

Table 1: Stream table of Methanol Synthesis Process .................................................... 1


Introduction

Pinch technology is an attractive and practical methodology for the systematic application
of thermodynamics laws. The application of this technique enables a fundamental insight
into the thermal interactions between a chemical process and the utility systems to be
gained. In this work, the principles of the pinch technology used for energy integration will
be applied to the heat exchanger network of a plant for methanol synthesis.

The main goal of this work was to design the Heat Exchanger Network (HEN) for the
methanol synthesis using 150C as an optimal value of Δt and the basic stream data for
the methanol synthesis process.

Methanol Synthesis Process


The original process of methanol producing includes 15 heat exchangers (H120, H132,
H134, H136, H138, H140, H210, H240, H251, H252, H253, H254, H320, H330, H340) 7
compressors (C219, C131, C133, C135, C137, C139, C230), 2 reactors (R100 and
R200), 2 flash vessels (F220 and F230) and 2 distillation columns (T300 and T310).

Table 1: Stream table of Methanol Synthesis Process

Stream Descrip Type Heat type TS (ᵒC) TT (ᵒC) H (kW) mcp


tion (kW/ᵒC)
1 H1 Hot Sensible 424.3 120. -1521.5 5.
2 H2 Hot Sensible 342.1 120. -1110.5 5.
3 H3 Hot Sensible 342.2 120. -1111. 5.
4 H4 Hot Sensible 343.1 160. -933.81 5.1
5 H5 Hot Sensible 403.1 210. -1004.12 5.2
6 C1 Cold Sensible 349.7 450. 1925.76 19.2
7 C2 Cold Sensible 37.7 450. 1896.58 4.6
8 H6 Hot Latent 62. 62. -1108. -
9 C4 Cold Latent 98.9 98.9 1126. -
10 H7 Hot Latent 60.6 60.6 -1869. -
11 C5 Cold Latent 76.4 76.4 1866. -
12 H8 Hot Sensible 60.6 30. -76.5 2.5
13 H9 Hot Sensible 98.9 30. -75.79 1.1
14 H10 Hot Sensible 76.4 30. -13.92 0.3
15* C3 Cold Latent 14.5 14.5 0. -
16 * C3 Cold Sensible 14.5 70. 49.24 0.8872072
17* C3 Cold Sensible 14.5 70. 178.31 3.212793
18* C3 Cold Latent 70. 70. 0. -
*Streams 15-18 represent the split of stream number 8 (C3) in the process flowsheet of

methanol synthesis with CP of 4.1 kW/ᵒC,

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Figure 1. The process flowsheet of methanol synthesis plant.

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Network Design
For the process pinch design strategy, leading to maximum heat recovery with the
lowest number of units, the following steps should be involved:

i) The problem should always be solved from the most constrained region –
the Pinch point;
ii) Temperature feasibility requires constraints on the CP values for the hot and
cold streams to be satisfied for matches between streams in the pinch
region;
iii) With the chosen ΔTmin a Pinch temperature of 357.2 ºC was obtained
(THotpinch = 364.7ᵒC & TColdpinch = 349.7ᵒC).

The complete network design, after the synthesis above and below the pinch, is shown
below. The network consists of ten hot streams (at the top running from left to right),
and five cold streams (at the bottom running from right to left).

The network above the pinch contains two hot and two cold streams. In the first step
it is suggested to link streams 1 or 5 and 6 because the term CPcold≥CPhot is fulfilled.
There is two heat exchangers HE1 and HE2. The network design above the pinch is
completed by satisfying the heating utility requirement with heaters H11 and H12.

The network design immediately below the pinch contains two hot and one cold stream
passing through the pinch. The first step below the pinch point is to connect streams
5 and 7 by exchanger HE3. That connection is feasible because CP hot≥CPcold. The
next step is to connect streams 1 and 7 (with heat exchangerHE4) and 1 and 10 (with
heat exchanger HE5). 11 streams are situated far away from the pinch region and they
are connected with heat exchangers HE6 – HE10. The additional energy requirements
below the pinch are completed by suppling the cooling utility with coolers C13 – C18.

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Figure 2: CASCADE DIAGRAM

Using the energy cascade calculation, the following results for energy requirements
were obtained:

 Hot utility requirement: 1889.46 kW


 Cold utility requirement: 3671.71 kW

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364.7349.7
424.3 364.7 298.1 120. 120.
-1521.5 1 2 4 5 5. H1

342.1 120.
120.
-1110.5 2 6 5. H2

342.2 235.5 120. 120.


-1111. 3 7 C13 5. H3

343.1 195. 160. 577.74 160.


-933.81 4 8 9 5.1 H4

403.1 364.7 210. 210.


-1004.12 5 1 3 5.2 H5

62. 62. 62.


-1108. 8 C14 - H6

60.6 60.6 1108. 60.6


-1869. 10 C15 - H7

60.6 1869. 30. 30.


-76.5 12 C16 2.5 H8

98.9 76.5
54.14 30. 30.
-75.79 13 10 C17 1.1 H9

76.4 30. 26.55 30.


-13.92 14 C18 0.3 H10

450.450. 365.2 360.1 349.7 13.92


1925.76 H11 6 19.2 C1

450. 1428.08 298. 450. 199.68 349.7 212.6 37.7


1896.58 H12 7 4.6 C2

461.38 630.76 98.9 98.9 804.44 98.9 98.9


1126. 9 - C4

76.476.4 533.26 592.7476.4 76.4


1866. 11 - C5

755.5 70. 1110.5

70. 70. 178.31


70. 14.5 14.5
227.55 15 4.1 C3
364.7349.7
49.24

Figure 3. The proposed heat exchangers network

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