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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest

Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering


Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

BACHELOR COURSE DESCRIPTIONS IN ENGLISH


FIRST YEAR OF STUDY

Mathematical analysis I: Objective: Familiarity with vector spaces, linear applications, vectors and eigen
values, recognition and use of geometrical objects characterized by algebraic equations. Programme:
Sequences and series of real numbers; Sequences and series of functions. Series of real powers; Metric
spaces, normed spaces. Fundamental strings, strings converge. Completeness: Banach spaces, Hilbert
spaces; Lipschitziene applications; Limits of functions and continuity. Uniform continuity; Differentiability.
Fundamental properties of differentiable applications.

Linear algebra, analytical and differential geometry: Objective: The consolidation of mathematical
background studied in high-school and the use of them in the assimilation of the basic notions of Linear
Algebra, Analytical and Differential Geometry with applications in specialty disciplines. The foundation of
the idea of linearity, the recognition and the use of geometric objects characterized by linear and quadratic
algebraic equations, operations with free vectors related to the geometric notions of orthogonality,
parallelism, linear dependency, area, volume. Programme: Review: Matrices, Determinants, Linear Systems;
Vector Spaces and Vector Subspaces; Euclidean Vector Spaces; Linear Transformations; Bilinear and
quadratic forms. Curvilinear coordinates, Free vectors; Strait line and plane in 3D; Conices and Cuadrices;
Curves and Surfaces.

Descriptive geometry: Objective: Study and application methods flat graphic representation of spatial
structures by observing biunique correspondence between three-dimensional geometry and projections of the
plan. Programme: Projection systems. Basic principles of descriptive geometry. Mongetreaters. Purge the
line. Straight particular positions in relation to the project plans. The relative position of two straight.
Orthogonal representation of the parts in question. Purge plan. Point located right plan. Particular law plan.
Plans particular positions in relation to the project plans. The relative position of the two planes and the right
and plan. Methods of descriptive geometry. Method change project plans. Generating and geometric
representation of the projection surface. Plane sections in geometric surfaces. Conducting geometric
surfaces. The intersection of geometric surfaces. Representing parts in isometric axonometric projection.
Composition of technical drawings - stages. Orthogonal representation parts section.

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

Chemistry: Objective: The primary objective is to make qualitative and quantitative inquiries into topics in
natural science as well as to learn to identify when an argument is scientific, non-scientific or pseudo-
scientific. To demonstrate how these topics can be applied to the scientific method; Programme: Chemical
kinetics; Chemical thermodynamics; Electrochemistry; Corrosionand Corrosion Protection; Chemical and
physico-chemical phenomena in agriculture; Bioprocesses;

Computer Programming and programming languages I: Objective: Learning a programming language,


ways for implementing algorithms using a programming language and familiarity with various IT tools;
Programme: Structure of a computing program; Declarations, reading, writing and assignment statements;
Decisions and loops; Arrays; Procedures; Functions; Records, sets, pointers.

English for professional communication I: Objective: Development of the students’ oral and written
comprehension and production skills in the English Language; Programme: Writing short documents;
Talking about a company; Building a Professional Relationship across Cultures; Oral Presentations;
Telephoning; Marketing and advertising a product/service; Job Application.

Materials science and engineering: Objective: The study of the structure and properties of metallic
materials and correlation between structure – properties – chemical composition – processing – applications,
in order to choose the best materials for specified applications, from technological and exploitation
perspective; Programme: Introduction in materials science and engineering; Clasification; Properties;
Applications; Metallical materials structure and methods of structure analysis; Stable state representation of
metallic materials by phase equilibrium diagrams, The study of ferrous and non-ferrous materials. Plastical
deformation and heat treating of metallic materials. Advanced materials, biomaterials, ceramics and
composites.

Human ecology: Objective: Understanding the relationship between society and environment issues: the
problem of overpopulation, global warming, energy consumption, biodiversity, pollution, consumerism, etc.
Programme:
Essential concepts: ecological footprint and sustainable development; Overpopulation, relevance to the
production and consumption of energy; The issue of vital resources: water, air, soil; The problem of global
biodiversity.

Mathematical analysis II: Objective: Familiarity with vector spaces, linear applications, vectors and eigen
values, bilinear and quadratic forms connection with the recognition and use of geometrical objects
characterized by algebraic equations. Assimilation theory of fundamental notions of differential curves and
surfaces. Programme: Multiple integrals. Integral double, triple. Decomposition theorem of Fubini. Theorem

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

change of variables in multiple integrals. Applications: mass, volume, center of gravity. Green's theorem.
Gauss theorem-Ostrogradski. Applications.

Technical drawing: Objective: Study and application methods flat graphic representation of spatial
structures by observing biunique correspondence between three-dimensional geometry and projections of the
plan. Modelling technical thinking based on the graphical representation of objects Cartesian space;
Programme: Representation and quoting constructive and technological elements of parts and machine parts.
Representation and quoting thread. Representation and flanges listing. Notation state surface (roughness).
Overall design composition rules. Representation and quoting assemblies and removable by tapping
fasteners. Representation and gear listing. Representation gear. Representation and quoting removable
assemblies with wedges and grooves, elastic assemblies. The representation of the sealing systems.

Mechanics I: Objective: Knowledge, learning and understanding the reduction of forces applied to rigid
body systems, centers of gravity (mass), the material point, a rigid, rigid systems, wires and trusses.
Learning algorithms for solving various kinds of problems; Programme: Introduction; Composition and
decomposition of competing forces; Static material point; Reduction systems and special forces applied
some rigid body; Centre of mass (weight); Rigid solid state; Statics of rigid systems; Systems articulated
bars (lattice); Static wires; Technical applications of statics.

Computer programming and programming languages II: Objective: The first part of the course presents
the work with files and sorting and searching algorithms, including using recursion in Pascal environment;
Part two introduces web programming HTML, SQL and PHP languages and examples of static and dynamic
web sites; Programme: Files; Sorting and searching; HTML; PHP; Introduction to SQL.

Physics: Objective: Learning of fundamental laws of physics in order to address the study of other
disciplines. Student skills development to address the study of physical phenomena. Programme:
Mechanical Elements: the laws of mechanics, conservation laws. Simple harmonic motion, damped and
maintained. Mechanical waves uni-dimensional and three-dimensional. Acoustics. Thermodynamics: The
first principle of thermodynamics, the second principle of thermodynamics, the third principle of
thermodynamics, entropy, characteristic functions, applications. Phase transformations. Elements of
statistical physics. Electricity: electrostatics, dielectrics, electric current, magnetism, electromagnetic
induction.

English for professional communication II: Objective: Acquiring and developing the students’ skills
needed in order to learn their specialized subject, the ability to understand and produce a written text in
specialized English; Programme: Farm Machinery; IT Technology and Equipment; The Environment 1;

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

Environment 2; Energy Supply; The Mass-Media; Soil Exploitation in Agriculture; Livestock Breeding;
Forestry; Rural Area Management.

Mechanical engineering I: Objective: Gaining the theoretic knowledge of mechanic technology, necessary
for a good orientation when choosing the fabric and the shape of a piece, the method and the procedure of
processing, binding and nondestructive control, for given parameters of stressing and functioning of the part
or the assembly. Programme: The materials used in the construction of machines. Choosing the best material
to make a piece. Obtaining the parts and semi-finished by molding. Welding of metallic materials.
Particularities of welding processes. Welding procedure pasting. Unconventional methods for materials
processing. Processing of non-metallic materials. Processing of composite materials. The control of quality a
product.

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

SECOND YEAR OF STUDY

Special mathematics: Objective: The ability to generalize and apply mathematical properties of a more
general nature to solve new problems. Achieving a spirit of understanding formations in rigorous intellectual
discipline studied. Programme: The body of complex numbers. Form algebraic, trigonometric, exponential
complex numbers. Riemann sphere. Sequences and series of complex numbers. Complex power series. Ray
disc and convergence.

Mechanics II: Objective: The course introduces and makes students familiar with the fundamental notions,
principles and methods of the technical mechanics. Students will gain the ability to model real mechanical
systems, by means of the simplified concepts of material point and rigid body; Programme: Kinematics of
the absolute motion of a material point. Kinematics of the absolute motion of a rigid body. Kinematics of the
relative motion of a material point. Dynamics of the absolute motion of a material point. General theorems
and fundamental quantities of the dynamics in the case of a material point. Dynamics of the relative motion
of a material point.

Strength of materials I: Objective: To deliver to the student basic knowledge from mechanics of
deformable body, necessary for the approach of technical problems; to obtain general knowledge on
strength, stiffness and stability calculations of mechanical structures in order to design reliable structures;
Program: Efforts, stresses, strains, displacements; Differential relations between efforts; diagrams of efforts;
Stresses and strains in traction-compression; Stresses and strains in shafts and springs loaded in torsion;
Calculus of the geometric characteristics of plane surfaces; Stresses and strains in bending.

Infographics: Objective: Familiarity with the basics of three-dimensional modeling. Modeling assemblies
of parts, automatic and semiautomatic development of technical drawings, execution. Programme: Basics in
computer aided modeling; Parametric modeling functions commonly used in parts; Elements of technical
drawing: customizing format; Operations views, details, drawings overall development.

Numerical methods: Objective: Developing the skills needed to deal quickly and optimal technical
problems, especially in cases where the mathematical formulation turns out to be complicated. Programme:
Basic concepts; Errors; Numerical matrix; Solving linear equations; Solving systems of nonlinear equations;
Ordinary differential equations Numerical derivation and integration.

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

Environmental chemistry: Objective: Explaining and interpreting environmental vector-specific processes


using graphical tools and theoretical concepts. Programme: Environmental Chemistry place between
environmental sciences; Correlation between the structure of atoms and the physicochemical properties of
substances; Photochemistry and electrochemistry elements; Atmospheric chemistry.

Radiation sources and protection techniques: Objective: Achieving basic knowledge about the
radioactivity phenomenon, types of radiation sources that may affect the environment, how they are
monitored and measured and protection techniques. Programme: Elements of nucleus theory. Nuclear
interactions. Radioactive transformations undergone by nuclei with protons excess, nuclei with neutrons
excess and heavy nuclei. Law of radioactive transformations. Defining dosimetry units: absorbed dose,
equivalent dose, and effective dose.

Mechanics III: Objective: This discipline allows students to understand and learn the process of real
dynamic phenomena modeling, their mathematical formulation, solution finding and interpreting results;
Programme: Moments of inertia. General theorems of dynamics of material points systems and rigid body.
Dynamics of a rigid body rotating about a fixed axis. Collisions. Elements of analytical mechanics. The
principle of virtual work D’Alembert principle. Lagrange equations.

Strength of materials II: Objective: To deliver to the student basic knowledge from mechanics of
deformable body, necessary for the approach of technical problems; to obtain general knowledge on
strength, stiffness and stability calculations of mechanical structures in order to design reliable structures;
Programme: Elements of theory of elasticity; Statically undetermined systems in bending; Stability calculus
for bars in compression; Shock loadings; Fatigue of metals; Thin walled tanks; Thick walled tubes and disks
in rotation; Experimental techniques for stress and strain determination;

Economics: Objective: It is planned to acquire the fundamentals of economic theory, the concepts of cost,
revenue and benefit of economic activity as the macroeconomic imbalance concepts that influence the
national economy, but also acts on economic activity at the micro level. Programme: Introduction to
Economics; Consumer theory; Theory producer; Market supply and demand. Competition; Costs of
production; Revenue inputs; Macroeconomic results. Income, consumption and investment; Money Market;
Capital market; Macroeconomic imbalances.

Electrical engineering: Objective: Acquiring knowledge based on size, laws and regimes electromagnetic
field; Knowledge of methods for studying circuits; Knowledge of methods for the study of AC circuits;
Programme: Elements of electrostatics; DC circuit; AC circuit; Elements of electrodynamics; Three-phase
circuits; the electrical transformer; Asynchronous machine; Synchronous machine.

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

Technical thermodynamics: Objective: Presentation and understanding basic concepts; How can it be
possible to save and reduce environment pollution in conversion processes; Programme: Basic Concepts in
Technical Thermodynamics / thermotechnics; The technical approach of the principle of conservation of
mass and principle I, II of Thermodynamics; The study of combustion processes; Heat transfer processes.
Heat exchangers.

Basic of ecology: Objective: The course gives students an ecological perspective on industrial activity, that
wayt he nature inspired intervention must consider the interdependence of all natural systems; Programme:
Fundamentals of General Ecology biocenosis, systems theory applied ecology, agricultural ecosystems,
population ecology, circuits biogeochemical, description environmental factors, material and energy
resources, waste products antroposfera.

Environment protection: Objective: Knowing the main systems to mitigate the effects of pollution and
environmental protection facilities and equipment. Programme: The terminology used in environmental
protection; European programs and projects for environmental protection; Air Quality Protection; Catalytic
methods, absorption and adsorption to reduce air pollution; Protection of surface; Protection from noise and
vibration; Protection from radioactive contamination.

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

THIRD YEAR OF STUDY

Fluids mechanics: Objective: It aims to develop students' abilities to think and solve problems applied in
the spirit of the theory taught in class and to make connections with other disciplines of engineering fluid
mechanics, to familiarize students with the basic principles and how to apply them to solve various technical
problems; Programme: Fluids and their properties; Fluid Statics; Kinematics of fluids; Perfect fluid
dynamics; Laminar viscous fluid dynamics in motion; Dimensional analysis and similarity theory; Viscous
fluid dynamics in turbulent motion; Permanent movements in pressurized piping systems; Technical
Applications of fluid mechanics; Hydraulic machines: general concepts.

Electronics: Objective: Providing specialized training in the field of electronic devices and circuits and their
applications and also the acquisition of basic knowledge in automation; Programme: Semiconductor
components and electronic devices. Analog electronic circuits. Power electronic circuits. Converters a.c.-d.c.
Inverter circuits. Static contactors, frequency converters, variable power supply - applications in electrical
installations of agricultural machines. Amplifier circuits, operational amplifiers and specific applications
Logic and digital circuits. Logic algebra and minimization with Karnaugh diagrams. Elementary logic
circuits. Complex combinational circuits and digital circuits and applications. Fundamentals of automation.
Automatic Control Systems. Block Diagram of the ACS; characteristic variables and elements.
Mathematical modeling. Dynamics characterization of ACS by using the transfer function. Analysis and
design of automatic control systems. Determination of ACS performance, stability calculation.

Economic analysis: Objective: It is envisaged acquisition of concepts allowing future graduates a firm
understanding of market developments, financial issues facing every stage of life. It aims to study the costs,
revenues and financial results that involve any economic activity, especially one held in the natural
environment. Programme: Introduction to financial management firm; Introduction to economic analysis;
Principles of Engineering Economic Analysis; Methodology of economic analysis; Economic and non-
economic factors in decision management; Cost analysis; The Price.

Mechanicals engineering II: Objective: obtaining necessary information, functional knowledge,


technological and training skills to design mechanical components of machinery, for sustainable
development and maintenance of water, air and soil ecological, consideration of the mode of transmission
power flow, causes shut down, by defining input parameters and by deducting the output size; Programme:
Introduction. Objective discipline. Mechanical transmission. Types of transmissions (with flexible elements,
gears, variable speeds). Axles and shafts. Calculation and construction of axles and shafts. Bearings. Rolling

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

bearings. Sliding bearings. Sealing systems. Demountable assemblies type tree - stump. Bolted assemblies.
Couplings and clutches. Spring assemblies.

Refrigeration and air conditioning: Objective: Knowledge, learning and understanding of the theoretical
principles and practical thermo properties of atmospheric air, moist air and dry air; Programme: Areas of
use of refrigeration and air-conditioning. Environmental impacts; Assessment of the cold; Thermodynamic
analysis of processes occurring in refrigeration and air conditioning; Refrigerants; Refrigeration plant with
mechanical vapor compression; Air quality.

Experimental research foundation: Objective: Acquiring skills on the processing, representation and
analysis of data obtained experimentally; Programme: The concept of measurement. Chains and methods of
measurement; Sunlight-readable principles and general characterization of the main types of transducers;
Circuitry for connecting transducers; Measuring lengths and surfaces; Measurement of displacements and
speeds; Measuring pressures; Measuring the forces and torques; Measuring temperatures; Flow
measurement; Level measurement; Data obtained from measurements; Experimental data representation;
Analysis of experimental data.

Technical acoustic: Objective: Understanding and learning some fundamental concepts of technical
acoustics in order to apply the appropriate problem solving algorithms and learning also basic techniques of
acoustical accurate measurements and acoustic signal processing; Programme: Elastic medium and elastic
waves, characteristic physical quantities of propagation phenomena of waves, characteristic physical
quantities of oscillated motion of particles belonging to the medium in which the waves propagate. Energy
of acoustic waves, acoustic intensity, acoustic power. Acoustic levels. Acoustic impedance. Acoustic
sources.

General microbiology: Objective: learning basic knowledge in microbiology field, learning of morpho-
physiological characters of microorganisms of industrial interest, metabolic processes applied in modern
biotechnologies and industries; Programme: Introduction. The importance of microorganisms in industry
and biotechnologies. Procariotic and eucariotic cell. Bacteria. Yeasts. Molds. Viruses. Microbial
metabolism. Microbial nutrition.

Fluid power: Objective: Applying concepts, theories and methods of investigation in the field of study for
the development of projects, case studies and professional approaches; Programme: General considerations
on hydraulics and pneumatic; Transforming the mechanical energy into hydraulic energy; Rotating hydraulic
and pneumatic machinery; Hydraulic and pneumatic dispensers; Hydraulic and pneumatic valves and
resistors.

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

Applied informatics: Objective: Advanced computer applications in mechanical engineering, from the
conception and design, through virtual verification steps and ending with the finished product preparation
process. Programme: The development cycle of a new product; Analysis elements; Rapid prototyping
machines; Industrial Robotics; Integration of computer systems in manufacturing processes.

Transport Systems: Objective: Knowing the main transport systems used in agriculture, food industry and
facilities in the field of ecology and environmental protection. Determination of structural and functional
parameters of transport systems presented in the course. Programme: Introduction. Conveyors, Scraper
conveyor, Bucket elevators, Slug transport equipment, Screw conveyors, Pneumatic conveying, Conveyor
gravitational. bunkers, General purpose trailers and technological.

Biotechnical systems analysis: Objective: Presentation of basic concepts, the main types of biotechnical
calculation algorithm and methodology for design and verification technology; Programme: Introduction to
systems analysis biotechnical issues; Compartmental analysis systems biotechnical; Neural Analysis;
Bioprocesses and their analysis; Analysis fermentation processes; Bioreactor.

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

FOURTH YEAR OF STUDY

Transfer phenomena and unit operations: Objective: Acquiring fundamental knowledge on unit
operations of momentum transfer, heat transfer, mass transfer, calculation, construction and operation of
process equipment where these unit operations are conducted; Programme: Operations and processes for
producing finished products; Operation and mixing equipment; Operation and sedimentation equipment;
Operation and filtration equipment; Operation and centrifugation equipment; Operations and heat transfer
equipment; Heat exchangers.

Decontamination systems: Objective:Acquiring fundamental knowledge on pollution and remediation of


environmental factors environmental considerations in its entirety. Programme: General issues relating to
water quality and protect its natural; The water cycle in cities; Remediation of urban wastewater; Plant and
equipment for mechanical wastewater treatment; Installation and equipment for biological treatment of
wastewater; Plant and equipment sludge treatment; General issues relating to air pollution; Plant and
equipment retention atmospheric air pollutant emission sources; General issues relating to the protection of
soils; Methods of protection or rehabilitation of soil quality and remediation them.

Management: Objective: understanding the importance of managerial training in the context of an


increasing complexity of the business environment; Programme: Management: Definition, evolution,
functions, theory and practice. Communication in management. Planning function. Decision making.
Organizational function. Human Resources Management. Motivation. Management function. Control
function. Planning and control techniques used in management: CPM, PERT. Marketing in business
management. Entrepreneurship and small size business management.

Biotechnologies: Objective: The main objective is to become familiar with the main technologies and
approaches in the field biotechnologies applicable to protection of the environment; Programme:
Introduction. Development stages of biotechnologies. Use of biotechnologies at-industrial scale.
Microorganisms with industrial importance. Specific definition of the terms. Industrial culture media:
composition, conditions to be fulfilled. Industrial processes of sterilization of culture media, utilities and
special equipment. Fermentative processes – terminology, definitions, kinetics of the biochemical reaction.
Factors that affect fermentative processes. Constructive types of bioreactors. Methods and equipment for the
separation of obtained bio products. Applications of biotechnologies in protection of the environment. Soil
remediation. Cleaning waste water. Recovery of waste. Ways to reduce air pollution.

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University “POLITEHNICA” of Bucharest
Faculty of Biotechnical Systems Engineering
Department of Environmental Engineering
Specialization: Biotechnical and Ecological Systems Engineering

Environment legislation: Objective: It aims to empower students to learn and better identify environmental
problems caused by industrial activities, to learn the legislative efforts made to date by the competent
authorities in the field to stop "offensive" man against nature, taking regard to the explanation of laws and
regulations on the environment. Programme: Environment: general concepts; Overview of environmental
law; Legal issues concerning environmental protection; Legal issues concerning environmental factor-
Water; Legal issues concerning environmental factor- Air; Legal issues on waste; Legal issues concerning
environmental risk.

Actuation systems of machines and installations: Objective: Skills training for operation at maximum
performance drive systems mechanical, electrical or pneumatic. Programme: Study of mechanical actuation
used for machinery and installations; Study of electrical actuation used for machinery and installations;
Study of pneumatics actuation used for machinery and installations.

Engineering and environmental quality: Objective: Presentation of the conceptual definitions in which it
operates, description of the main landmarks of engineering and environmental quality. Understanding the
structure of a system environment; Programme: Considerations about engineering and environmental
quality; Water and their pollution; Air quality; Solid waste; Environmental impact analysis; Noise pollution;
Soil; Radioactive pollution; Geographic information systems.

Machines for greening of localities: Objective: Knowledge of concepts related to construction, calculation
and working processes of the main machinery and equipment for sanitation and greening of communities
and ensure their proper hygiene; Programme: Waste production, and causes of waste pre-collection;
Collection and transportation of waste; Mechanisms for lifting and unloading bins; Equipment for street
waste collection; Systems and methods for organic urban waste storage; Mechanism used for handling waste
at landfills; Cars to collect and transport sewage: cesspits and drains. Cars for release in winter roads and ice
fight; other machinery and equipment for greening localities.

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