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# Project # 73307

Package 3
Rectangular Channel Design
Offsite Flows
The offsite hydrology was done by CH2MHill within a separate report. The following describes the flow patterns, utilizing CH2MHill’s results, as the flow
progresses through the system of RCB’s and rectangular concrete channels. Please see the following table for the description of flows.

CP2

CP3 CP7
CP5

CP4 CP6

CP1
CP8

CP9
CP14

CP15

CP11 CP13

CP12

CP10
CP16
CP17

CP18
Entrance to the System
There are four major areas in which flow enters the system, which are CP1, CP8, CP10, and CP17. All other locations are considered minor. All four locations
have tapered inlets to minimize the size of the necessary downstream facility. HY-8 analyzes tapered inlets well, and so each inlet location was analyzed with
HY-8 using a rectangular channel for the tail water. This was converged with the HEC-RAS model to make a complete system, analyzing the entrance losses as
appropriately as possible.
CP1
CP10
CP8
CP17
Bends in the System
In order for HEC-RAS to be utilized as a design tool, the system must never be in pressure flow. The HEC-RAS was analyzed to ensure that the depth of the water
does not exceed the depth of the channel/RCB. Bends in a system cause superelevation of the water. Each bend was analyzed to ensure that the water depth,
including the superelevation, does not exceed the depth of the channel/RCB.

𝑉 2 ∗𝑇
∆𝑑 = ∆𝑑 = 0.88 𝑓𝑡
𝑔∗ 𝑅𝐶

## V = Average Velocity (ft/s)

T = Surface Width of the Channel (ft)
g = Gravitational Acceleration (ft/s2)
Rc = Radius to the Centerline of the Channel (ft)
∆𝑑 = Difference in Water Surface Elevation between the Inner and Outer Banks of the Channel in the Bend (ft)
∆𝑑/2 = Depth above the reported HEC-RAS Water Surface Elevation

HEC-RAS Allowable
Water True Water Water
Location V T Rc ∆d ∆d/2 Depth Depth Depth
"F" 11+85 to "F" 12+09 23.47 6 200 0.51 0.26 3.47 3.73 4.00
"F" 14+17 to "F" 14+24 24.39 6 200 0.55 0.28 3.79 4.07 4.00*
"P" 144+22 to "P" 141+42 26.29 6 200 0.64 0.32 3.97 4.29 5.00
"P" 147+38 to "P" 147+46 31.87 6 200 0.95 0.47 3.27 3.74 4.00
"P" 153+28 to "P" 153+63 34.60 10 200 1.86 0.93 3.84 4.77 5.00
"P" 161+26 to "P" 161+51 41.35 15 200 3.98 1.99 4.46 6.45 7.00
"F" 26+22 to "F" 26+12 26.30 10 200 1.07 0.54 5.43 5.97 8.00
"R2" 5+59 to "R2" 6+95 33.51 10 200 1.74 0.87 4.34 5.21 8.00
* Considered a negligible difference and impact
Energy Dissipator Design
A Tumbling Flow energy dissipator was utilized in the design as the final outlet. The design was run by manipulating HY-8, and by doing hand calculations.
The following requirements exist in order to use the dissipator:
 Froude Number > 3
 Channel slope must be between 4% and 25%

q = Unit Discharge Q = Channel Flow (cfs) B = Channel Width (ft) D = Channel Depth Before Dissipator Ns = Number of Slots S0 = Slope of Dissipator
Yc = Critical Depth Vc = Critical Velocity Yn = Normal Depth n = Manning’s “n” Value Vn = Normal Depth

Hand Calculations
Step 1
The facility is a long concrete channel and the outlet condition does not impact the inlets in any way.

Step 2
From the HEC-RAS model: Yn = 3.26 ft; Vn = 44.03 fps; Yc = 8.59 FT; Vc = 16.7 fps. Energy dissipation is required.

Step 3
𝑄 4,018 𝑞2 1442
𝑞=𝐵 Q = 4,018 cfs; B = 28 ft; 𝑞= 28
q = 144 ft2/s; 𝑦𝑐 = 𝑔
; 𝑦𝑐 = 32.2
; yc = 8.60 ft (matches the HEC-RAS model)

Step 4
Utilize procedure for 5 rows of equal height. S0 = 0.04 ft/ft. Spacing of rows will be set to 8.5.

𝑦𝑐 8.60
ℎ= 2 ; ℎ= 2 ; h = 4.28 ft
( ) ( )
(3−3.7𝑆0 ) 3 (3−3.7(0.04)) 3

ℎ 4.28
𝐿 = 8.5 ∗ ℎ; 𝐿 = 8.5 ∗ 4.28; L = 36.38 ft; 𝑊2 = ; 𝑊2 = ; W2 = 2.14 ft
2 2

## 𝐵−𝑁𝑆 𝑊2 28−2∗2.14 28−3∗2.14

𝑊1 = 3
; 𝑊1−𝑅𝑜𝑤1 = 3
and 𝑊1−𝑅𝑜𝑤2 = 3
; W1 –Row1 = 7.91 ft; W1 –Row2 = 7.19 ft

## Culvert Rise will be set to 15’ (D = 16’)

ℎ2 = 1.5(𝐷 − (ℎ1 + ℎ)); ℎ2 = 1.5(16 − (15.0)); h2 = 1 ft, 0.2 ft minimum, so h2 = 1 ft
Length of Splash Shield, L/2 = 36.38/2; L/2 = 18.19 ft; Total Length, LT = 5*L; LT = 5*(36.38); LT = 182’

The ultimate outlet flow will be at critical depth and critical velocity.
L = 36.38 ft; W2 = 2.14 ft; W1 –Row1 = 7.91 ft; W1 –Row2 = 7.19 ft; h = 4.28 ft; h1 = 10.75 ft; h2 = 1 ft; L/2 = 18.19 ft; LT = 182’
HY-8 Manipulation Calculations
Riprap Size at Outlet

## EQUATION NO. 6, PAGE 30 : (FOR Q > 50 CFS)

GIVEN : CALCULATE :

## AVG. MAIN CHANNEL FLOW VEL. = 16.70 FPS K1 = 0.881

AVG. MAIN CHANNEL FLOW DEPTH = 8.60 FT C(SG) = 1.000
HORIZ:VERT BANK SLOPE (__:1) = 3 C(SF) = 1.260

## ANGLE OF REPOSE (PG. 129) = 42 DEG

ROCK SPECIFIC GRAVITY = 2.65 D-50 (ft) = 2.42
STABILITY FACTOR (PG. 31) = 1.4 D-50 (in) = 29.04
D-50 (mm) = 738
Based off of D-50 -- Recommended Class: 700
HEC-RAS Model
Assume all channels will have a Manning’s n of 0.013.
Profile Sheet 1

Match “A”
HEC-RAS Station: 1848, 6x4 Chnl 1
(Start Flow CP3)

## HEC-RAS Station: 1880, 6x4 Chnl 1

(Start Flow CP1) HEC-RAS Station: 1160, 6x4 Chnl 1
(Start Flow CP5)

(Start Flow CP7)
Profile Sheet 2

Match “A”

## HEC-RAS Station: 0, 6x4 Chnl 1

HEC-RAS Station: 1099, 10x4 Chnl
(Start Flow CP11)
HEC-RAS Station: 160, 6x4 Chnl 1

## HEC-RAS Station: 620, 10x4 Chnl

(Start Flow CP13)

## HEC-RAS Station: 393, 10x4 Chnl

Profile Sheet 3
HEC-RAS Station: 167, 10x4 Chnl HEC-RAS Station: 0, 10x4 Chnl
HEC-RAS Station: 0, 10x8 Chnl
HEC-RAS Station: 1769, 15x7 Chnl
(Start Flow CP16)

Profile Sheet 4

## HEC-RAS Station: 0, 15x7 Chnl

HEC-RAS Station: 0, 12x7 Chnl
(Start Flow CP18)

Profile Sheet 5

## HEC-RAS Station: 1665, 10x8 Chnl

Modeled by HY-8 HEC-RAS Starts
HEC-RAS Station: 1448, 10x8 Chnl
(Start Flow CP9)

(Start Flow CP8)

Profile Sheet 6

## HEC-RAS Station: 483, 10x8 Chnl

(Start Flow CP15) HEC-RAS Station: 0, 10x4 Chnl
HEC-RAS Station: 0, 10x8 Chnl
HEC-RAS Station: 1769, 15x7 Chnl
(Start Flow CP16)
Profile Sheet 7

## Modeled by HY-8 HEC-RAS Starts

HEC-RAS Station: 0, 12x7 Chnl
HEC-RAS Station: 0, 15x7 Chnl
(Start Flow CP18)

## HEC-RAS Station: 339, 12x7 Chnl

(Start Flow CP17)
Profile Sheet 8

(Start Flow CP1)

## Modeled by HY-8 HEC-RAS Starts

HY-8
6’ x 4’ RCB
Length = 291’
Treat Entrance as Tapered Inlet, Side Tapered, Square Edge Top (26-900) Wingwall, 11.5 Face Width, 4:1 Side Taper
Profile Sheet 9

## HEC-RAS Station: 239, 6x4 Chnl 2

(Start Flow CP10)
L = 239’ to Junction Structure

## HEC-RAS Station: 0, 6x4 Chnl 2

Modeled by HY-8 HEC-RAS Starts (Start Flow CP10)

HY-8
6’ x 4’ RCB
Length = 151’
Treat Entrance as Tapered Inlet, Side Tapered, Square Edge Top (26-900) Wingwall, 11.5 Face Width, 4:1 Side Taper