You are on page 1of 83

Operation manual

X-ray Irradiation System


MBR-1618R-BE

Thank you for purchasing this X-ray irradiation system.


*Read this operation manual carefully to ensure the correct usage of this system.
*Store this manual together with the product in a safe location.

Hitachi Power Solutions Co., Ltd.


Copyright ©Hitachi Power Solutions Co., Ltd. 2018. All rights reserved.

0
CX30000-Z001
1
CX30000-Z001
Introduction

Thank for your purchasing this X-ray irradiation system.


To ensure the safe operation of this system and that its functions are used correctly and maintained at
maximum performance, be sure to carefully read this operation manual and that you fully understand the
system functions, operation, and maintenance before use.
This system was manufactured with careful consideration to the operators and system reliability. However,
to ensure the highest possible level of safety, be sure to follow the safety information below.

1. User's responsibility for managing the system


The user is responsible for managing the usage and maintenance of the system.

2. Modifications prohibited
The system may not be modified by the user.
If you want to modify the system, please contact Hitachi Power Solutions or a company designated by
Hitachi Power Solutions.

3. The system is delivered after complete adjustment, and so do not touch any adjustment parts that are
fixed in place.

4. If a problem occurs in the system, immediately turn off the power, and contact Hitachi Power Solutions or
a company designated by Hitachi Power Solutions.

5. Disclaimers
Hitachi Power Solutions is not liable for any of the following:
1: Any breakdowns or damage that occurs due to installation, relocation, modification, maintenance, or
repairs conducted by anyone other than Hitachi Power Solutions or companies designated by
Hitachi Power Solutions.
2: Any breakdowns or damage of Hitachi Power Solutions products due to the use of products by other
manufacturers except for the products delivered by Hitachi Power Solutions.
3: Any breakdowns or damage due to modifications, maintenance, or repairs that use repair parts
other than Hitachi Power Solutions genuine parts.
4: Any breakdowns or damage due to the failure to follow the safety information and operating
procedures provided in this operation manual.
5: Any breakdowns and damage due to the use of the system in ambient conditions that deviate from
the system's operating conditions, such as the power supply and installation environment specified
in the operation manual.
6: Any breakdowns or damage due to fires, earthquakes, flooding, lightning, or other natural disasters.
7: Any product deterioration, breakdowns, or damage due to the use of the corrosive gases,
substances and chemicals containing oxidizing or reducing agents, high temperatures, high
humidity, steam, or permeating gas listed below that can adversely affect rubber, plastics, and metal
parts (because the system is not hermetically sealed) when the system is received and when it
undergoes periodic disinfection and sterilization.
Examples: (a) Sterilization with dry heat, steam, or gas at temperatures exceeding 40°C
(b) Sterilization with ethylene oxide gas
(c) Sterilization with formaldehyde gas and ammonia, and disinfection with neutral gas
(d) Sterilization with low-temperature plasma, sterilization with ozone, or sterilization with
ultraviolet light (This does not apply to sterilization with ultraviolet light when
conducted only in an irradiation chamber.)
(e) Disinfection by oxidizing, reducing, or hydrolyzing using a chlorine-based antiseptic,
hydrogen peroxide water or similar substance, or by using a protein-solidifying
chemical, strong oxidizer, or similar substance

Disinfection is allowed by wiping outer painted surfaces and parts with exposed surfaces with
disinfectant ethanol or isopropyl alcohol.

6. Do not install the system in at any of the locations below. Otherwise, the product may deteriorate, break
down or get damaged.
・ Locations where ambient temperature is below 5°C or above 35°C
・ Locations where relative humidity is outside the 35% to 80% range
1
CX30000-Z001
・ Locations exposed to toxic gases
・ Locations exposed to excessive humidity
・ Locations exposed to steam
・ Locations exposed to water drops
・ Locations exposed to large amounts of dust or clouds of sand
・ Locations exposed to excessive amounts of oil steam
・ Locations exposed to salty air
・ Locations exposed to volatile gas or dust
・ Locations exposed to excessive vibrations or impact
・ Locations where the power supply voltage fluctuations abnormally
・ Locations where the power supply voltage drops excessively under a load
・ Locations exposed to direct sunlight

7. Before connecting the system electrically or mechanically to any equipment by another manufacturer, be
sure to contact Hitachi Power Solutions or a company designated by Hitachi Power Solutions.

8. Periodic inspection
To maintain system performance for an extended period of time and ensure safe operation, preventative
maintenance is required. As a result, maintenance and inspection must be performed periodically. For
items were maintenance and inspection are indicated, perform daily inspection and periodic inspection
by referring to the respective item description.

9. Service life
The service life of the system is six (6) years (company standards) when the specified maintenance and
inspections are conducted properly. However, the system life may vary based on the operating
conditions and maintenance state.

10. Filling in and storing the safety information explanation records


This is a form used at installation and when changing operators for indicating that the installer or other
technician explained the safety information provided in the operation manual to the person in charge of
maintenance management and the operators and for recording the safety information that was explained,
the names of the person in charge of maintenance management, operators, and person who provided
the explanation, and other details. Attached Table 2 is shown on page 8. These records are used for
ensuring the safe operation of this system, and so please cooperate by filling out these records. These
recorded are intended to be copied so that the user, installer, and other staff can keep them.

11. Safety
(1) Be sure to close the irradiation chamber door of the X-ray tube device before performing aging or
irradiation.
(2) Do not use the system if the irradiation chamber door has any gaps due to its deformation.
Otherwise, exposure to X-rays could result.

12. Revisions to law and regulations by incorporating the 1990 recommendations of the ICRP (publication 60)
Kihatsu No. 253 (March 30, 2001) Ministerial ordinance that revises a portion of the Ordinance of
Industrial Safety and Hygiene and the Ordinance on Prevention of Ionizing Radiation Hazards (2001
Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare Ordinance No. 42. hereinafter "Revised Ministerial Ordinance")
was officially announced on March 27, 2001, and then implemented on April 1, 2001.
Some terms used in this Revised Ministerial Ordinance were revised and redefined as shown below.
Also, "Radiation dose (rate)" in the table below has been revised to "Air kerma (rate) in free air", and for
consistency with this revision, this X-ray irradiator also displays readings in air kerma.
13. Intended purpose
Do not use the system for any purpose other than irradiation experiments.

2
CX30000-Z001
(Excerpts from Kihatsu No. 253)

2. Revision of Terms
1. Revision overview
"Dose" and other terms used in conventional practice have been revised as shown below.

Before revision After revision


Tissue dose equivalent Equivalent dose
Effective dose equivalent Effective dose
Dose equivalent (rate) Dose
(except when expressing the 1-centimeter dose
equivalent (rate) or 70-micrometer dose equivalent
(rate) in a limited manner
Irradiation dose (rate) Air kerma (rate) in free air
Exposure dose measuring instrument
Radiation measuring instrument
Measuring instrument
2. Terminology used for Ionizing Radiation Ordinance and other regulations
(12) Air kerma in free air (rate) (Ionizing Radiation Ordinance Articles 12 and 13, and item 4 of Article 18)
Kerma (Kinetic Energy Released per unit MAss) is the sum of the kinetic energies of all charged
particles (electrons or positive ions) created in a kilogram of a certain material by ionization when
uncharged ionized particles are irradiated by X-rays, gamma rays, or neutron rays. The unit of
measure for the charged particles is "joules per kilogram" and is also known as "gray." "Air kerma"
refers to the kerma when air is the substance to which uncharged ionizing particles are irradiated.
"Free air" is air in spaces not blocked by walls or other obstructions.
In this revision, "Irradiation dose (rate) (unit: coulombs per kilogram)" has been changed to "air kerma
in free air (rate)", which is used internationally.
-2
Both can be converted based on "1 gray = 2.94 x 10 coulombs per kilogram".

Supplementary information
-4
1 roentgen (R) = 2.58 x 10 coulombs per kilogram (C/kg)
-2
1 gray (Gy) = 2.94 × 10 coulombs per kilogram (C/kg)

Relationship between roentgen and gray


1Gy = 114.1 R
-3
1R = 8.76×10 Gy

3
CX30000-Z001
Caution plates are attached to the system to ensure that it is used safely and correctly.
Be sure to read them carefully before use.

Controlled area plate


Notice plate 1
Caution plate 1
Caution plate 2

Notice plate 3

RADIO
ACTIV
CONTR ITY
OL
AREA

Main unit of the system

Notice plate 2
Caution plate 4

Caution plate 3

Turntable in the irradiation chamber

4 CX30000-Z001
Fig. 1-1Notice Plate 1

Fig. 1-2 Notice Plate 2

Fig. 1-3 Notice Plate 3

Fig. 1-4 Caution Plate 1

5 CX30000-Z001
Fig. 1-5 Caution Plate 2

Fig. 1-6 Caution Plate 3

Fig. 1-7 Caution Plate 4

Fig. 1-8 Controlled Area Plate

6 CX30000-Z001
Attached Table 1. Types of Warning Words

Japanese English Definition


Indicates an imminently hazardous situation which, if not avoided,
危険 DANGER will result in death, serious injury, fire, or serious property damage
such as total loss of equipment.
Indicates an indirectly (potentially) hazardous situation which, if not
avoided, will result in death, serious injury, fire, or serious property
damage such as total loss of equipment.
警告 WARNING Here, "indirectly" refers to the situations like that below.
Example: Opening a cover by ignoring the "warning" label may
result in touching a high-voltage terminal and a possibly fatal injury.
Indicates a hazardous situation, which if not avoided, could result in
注意 CAUTION minor or moderate injury, partial equipment damage, and/or
destruction or loss of computer data.
Used to provide important precautions on operation, installation,
お願い NOTICE and maintenance that do not present a danger.

7 CX30000-Z001
Attached Table 2. Example of Format for Safety Information Explanation Record

Safety Information Explanation Record Example


(The equipment configuration is specified in detail on the next page.)

Client name Tel no. Fax no.


Address Extension
Equipment name Room name
Dept. of person Tel no. Fax no.
providing explanation

Person in charge
Date Person providing
Content of safety information that was explained of maintenance Operator explanation
filled management
(Be specific.) name
out
Name Seal Name Seal
1. Explained that the operation manual must be
read and how to store it (cover)
2. Explained that inspections before starting
operation and after completing operation are
required and how to perform specific
inspections (P. 72)
3. Explained that periodic inspection is required
and the required inspection items
(P. 2, P. 72)
4. Explained how this is related to why
modification of the system is prohibited (P. 1)

* Because this record is important, it must be stored near this system by the person in charge of
maintenance management.
* If the person providing the explanation changes his or her department or telephone number, please
provide the new information under the name of the person providing the explanation.

8 CX30000-Z001
Attached Table 3. Example of Format for Equipment Configuration Table

Example of Equipment Configuration Table


Unit name Model name Serial no. Date Remarks
installed

X-ray irradiation MBR-1618R-BE


system

X-ray tube device MIR-160/12

High-voltage XRV160*3000
generator

Protective box MI-RC-1618RBE

Kiguban KIGUBAN-1618RBE

Cooler HRS050-A-20

Dosimeter HSY-1001

Dosimeter probe TN31013

9 CX30000-Z001
Meaning of Terms
The asterisk (*) indicates descriptions based on extracts from JIS terminology.

No Term Meaning
1 X-ray tube device A protective tube container containing an X-ray tube sealed
inside.
2 High-voltage generator A device used to generate high voltages for generating X-rays.

3 X-ray controller An assembly of electrical devices integrating all the auxiliary


functions needed to control X-rays. Note that the X-ray tube
circuit parts are included in the high-voltage generator.
4 Tablet for operating the X-ray Equipment used to operate all the auxiliary functions needed
to control X-rays.
controller
5 Tube voltage A voltage applied to both poles of the X-ray tube while X-rays
are being irradiated. It is expressed as the peak value (kV).
6 Tube current A current flowing due to electron beams that collide with the
anode of the X-ray tube while X-rays are being irradiated. It is
expressed as the average (mA).
7 Explosion-proof equipment Equipment that can be used within 5 to 25cm of a section
where flammable or explosive gas may leak.
8 Environment Requirements Temperature (room temperature), relative humidity,
atmospheric pressure
9 Operation manual Document that provides information required for performing
equipment operation, installation, assembly, storage,
maintenance and repair and for understanding the equipment
configuration, principles, and operation for enabling operators
to use the equipment safely and correctly and which must be
provided to operators together with the equipment.
10 Protective box A box having a shielded structure so that X-rays have a
leakage dose not exceeding 1 µSv/h at a point 5 cm from the
system surface, and which consists of a cabinet, irradiation
chamber, shielded cover, external cover, and other parts.
11 Cooler A device that uses air to cool the oil that circulates in the X-ray
tube.
12 Dosimeter An instrument for measuring the X-ray integral dose or dose
rate.
13 Air kerma or air kerma rate Indicates the air kerma in free air or air kerma rate in free air.
-2
The conversion formula is 1Gy=2.94×10 C/kg.
For details, see p. 3.
14. Dose Indicates the air kerma in free air, absorbed dose, equivalent
dose, effective dose, former dose equivalent, etc.
The dose specified in this operation manual (including the
setting dose, integral dose, etc.) is expressed as the air kerma
in free air.

The units used in this document are based on the International System of Units in
compliance with the new Measurement Law. However, the old units are also
provided in { } as reference values.

The copyrights of the content included in this document(text, pictures, images and any other
information) belong to Hitachi Power Solutions. It is prohibited to copy, transfer, sell, disclose
the document to any third party or make any other secondary use of it without permission.
It is also prohibited to divert such contents to any other purpose, regardless of whether it is
commercial or noncommercial.

10 CX30000-Z001
Contents

CHAPTER 1 PURPOSE, FEATURES, AND REQUIREMENTS .............................................................. 13


1.1 Purpose ............................................................................................................................... 13
1.2 Characteristics ..................................................................................................................... 13
1.3 Operating Environment Requirements ................................................................................ 13
1.4 Safety .................................................................................................................................. 14
CHAPTER 2 CONFIGURATION .............................................................................................................. 15
2.1 System Configuration .......................................................................................................... 15
CHAPTER 3 NAMES OF COMPONENTS AND THEIR FUNCTIONS .................................................... 16
3.1 Names of Main Unit Components of the System ................................................................ 16
3.2 Functions of Main Unit Components of the System ............................................................ 17
3.3 Names of Controller Components ....................................................................................... 19
3.4 Functions of Controller Components ................................................................................... 22
CHAPTER 4 OPERATING PROCEDURES ............................................................................................. 23
4.1 Starting ................................................................................................................................ 23
4.2 Aging ................................................................................................................................... 25
4.3 Menu Screen ....................................................................................................................... 27
4.4 Performing X-ray Irradiation at a Preset Dose in Preset Conditions ................................... 30
4.5 Settings Screen ................................................................................................................... 57
4.6 Irradiation History Screen .................................................................................................... 59
4.7 Error Monitor Screen ........................................................................................................... 61
4.8 Error Message Descriptions ................................................................................................ 62
4.9 Operation Manual Display Screen ...................................................................................... 62
4.10 Preset Condition Reading Procedure.................................................................................. 63
4.11 Recovering from Power Outage and Restarting X-ray Irradiation ...................................... 64
4.12 Emergency Stop .................................................................................................................. 65
4.13 Turning Off the System........................................................................................................ 65
4.14 Storing the Power Key Switch ............................................................................................. 66
4.15 Using the Mouse Cage ........................................................................................................ 67
4.16 X-ray Filters ......................................................................................................................... 68
CHAPTER 5 ERRORS AND WARNINGS ................................................................................................ 70
5.1 Error Message Window ....................................................................................................... 70
5.2 Error Check Procedure........................................................................................................ 70
CHAPTER 6 NOTES WHEN COMBINING WITH OTHER EQUIPMENT................................................ 71
CHAPTER 7 MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTION................................................................................... 72
7.1 Daily Inspection ................................................................................................................... 72
7.2 Inspection After Prolonged Storage .................................................................................... 72
7.3 Periodic Inspection .............................................................................................................. 72
7.4 Calibration of Dosimeter ...................................................................................................... 72

11 CX30000-Z001
CHAPTER 8 REPAIRS ............................................................................................................................. 73
8.1 Responsibility for Repairs ................................................................................................... 73
8.2 Requesting Repairs ............................................................................................................. 73
CHAPTER 9 WARRANTY ........................................................................................................................ 74
CHAPTER 10 SPECIFICATIONS OF COMPONENTS .............................................................................. 75
APPENDIX 1 EXTERNAL DIMENSIONS .................................................................................................. 78
APPENDIX 2 OZONE GENERATED BY X-RAYS .................................................................................... 79
APPENDIX 3 DATA MATERIAL FOR PROVIDING INFORMATION FOR "MANIFEST" FOR PRODUCT
DISPOSAL .......................................................................................................................... 81

12 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 1 Purpose, Features, and Requirements
1.1 Purpose
This X-ray irradiator is mainly designed to emit X-rays for experiments involving cultured cells,
microorganisms, mice, rats, and other specimens. The tube voltage (35 to 160kV), tube current (1 to
30mA) and irradiation time or irradiation dose are set to emit X-rays.

1.2 Characteristics
(1) The sample stage is rotated in order to homogenize irradiation doses.
(2) Appropriate aging (warming-up) is automatically calculated according to the downtime of the system.
(3) Touch panel operation enables easy setting of conditions and X-ray irradiation.
(4) X-rays are irradiated and stopped not only manually, but also based on the set time or irradiation
dose.
(5) X-ray irradiation can be automatically shut off when the preset air kerma is reached. The probe
position and air kerma rate for the position of the object to be irradiated are measured for
automatically converting the air kerma for the position of the object to be irradiated.
(6) Even if a power outage occurs during X-ray irradiation, the system can resume irradiation after power
is restored.
(7) Irradiation conditions can be called from the presetting or history to enter the tube voltage, tube
current, filter type and irradiation time automatically.
(8) Irradiation conditions can be called from the presetting or history to enter the tube voltage, tube
current, filter type and irradiation time automatically. In this case, the filters are provided with interlock
so that X-rays are not emitted until the preset filter is attached.
(9) The door of the protective box is locked during X-ray irradiation by an interlock function. The system is
also designed so X-rays cannot be emitted when the door is open.
(10) The dose leaked outside does not exceed 1 μSv/h (at a position 5 cm from system surface).
(11) The cooler of the X-ray tube device uses air cooling for eliminating the need for any drainage
equipment.

1.3 Operating Environment Requirements


To ensure that the system operates safely and properly, be sure that the operating environment meets
the requirements below.
Be particularly careful to ensure proper ventilation if the system was not operated for an extended
period of time.

1.3.1 Power Supply Requirements


(1) Power supply voltage: AC220V±10%
(2) Number of phases: Single phase
(3) Frequency: 50/60 Hz
(4) Power capacity: 6kVA or more

1.3.2 Grounding
Class D grounding work (previously called Class 3 grounding work) with ground resistance not
exceeding 100 Ω is required.

13 CX30000-Z001
1.3.3 Environment Requirements
To ensure that the system operates safely and properly, be sure that the operating environment
meets the requirements below. Be particularly careful to ensure proper ventilation if the system was
not operated for an extended period of time.
The cooler in this system uses air cooling and emits a maximum of 2kW of heat, and so be sure to
install in a well-ventilated location.
If the room temperature exceeds 35°C, the circulation liquid in the X-ray tube device will become
hot, and this could adversely affect the service life of the X-ray tube device. If the room temperature
exceeds 35°C, install air-conditioning equipment for keeping the room temperature at 35°C or below.

(1) Ambient temperature: From 5°C to 35°C


(2) Relative humidity: 35% to 80% (no condensation)
Using the system outside this range can cause the X-ray output to deviate from acceptable levels.

1.4 Safety
To ensure that the system operates correctly and safely, be sure to meet the requirements below.
(1) This system is not waterproof. Therefore, be sure to protect the system from exposure to water and
other liquids.
(2) This system is not explosion-proof. Therefore, do not use it in a combustible atmosphere.

14 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 2 Configuration
2.1 System Configuration
No <Product name> <Model> <Quantity>
(1) X-ray tube device MIR-160/12 1
(2) Protective box MI-RC-1618RBE 1
(3) High-voltage generator XRV160*3000 1
(4) High-voltage cable N3/160-R24RA-R24RA-3M 1 (3.0m)
(5) Kiguban KIGUBAN-1618RBE 1
(6) Cooler HRS050-A-20 1
(7) Dosimeter HSY-1001 1
(8) Dosimeter probe TN31013 1

15 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 3 Names of Components and Their Functions

3.1 Names of Main Unit Components of the System


(5) (3) (6) (7)
(1)

(4)

(8)

(2)

Fig. 3-1-1 External View of Main Unit of the System

(1) Irradiation chamber door (5) Accessory compartment (filter cabinet)


(2) Opening/closing handle (6) LAN connector port
(3) Three-color status indicator lamp (7) Receptacles
(4) Filter mounting base (8) Pocket for installing the wireless LAN router

16 CX30000-Z001
3.2 Functions of Main Unit Components of the System
(1) Irradiation chamber door

・ The inside of the door is lined with lead to shield


from X-rays.
・ Open this door to access the turntable where
specimens are placed.

(2) Opening/closing handle


・ Use this handle to open and close the irradiation
chamber door.

(3) Three-color status indicator lamp

・ The three-color status indicator lamp has a green


lamp, yellow lamp and red lamp as viewed from
the left.
・ The green lamp comes on, when the power supply
is turned on. (light green)
It turns green, when the irradiation preparation is
completed.
・ The yellow lamp comes on, when X-ray irradiation
is in progress.
・ The red lamp comes on, when an error occurs.

(4) Filter mounting base


・ Install the filter supplied with the system.

(5) Accessory compartment (filter cabinet)

・ Store the filters that are not being used in the


cabinet.

17 CX30000-Z001
(6) LAN connector port

・ Insert the LAN connector to be connected to the


wireless LAN router.
IP address: 192.168.10.5

(7) Receptacles

・ Insert the power supply cord of the wireless LAN


router. One of them is a spare power supply
receptacle.

(8) Pocket for installing the Wireless LAN router

・ Install the wireless LAN router in it.

18 CX30000-Z001
3.3 Names of Controller Components

(1)
(2)

Fig. 3-2Controller Operation Section

(1) Power key switch


(2) Emergency stop switch

Fig. 3-3-1 Tablet for Controller Operation


(LenovoYOGATab310)
Lenovo is a registered trademark of Lenovo Corporation.
(1) Microphone/earphone terminal
(2) Kickstand pop-out button
(3) 180-degree rotation camera (8-million pixels)
(4) Power button
(5) Micro-USB port
(6) Volume button

*: As the tablet for controller operation is a commercial product, its specifications


may be changed without advance notice.
19 CX30000-Z001
<<Extracted from the LenovoYOGATab310 Quick Start Guide>>

Fig. 3-3-2 Tablet for Controller Operation

20 CX30000-Z001
<<Extracted from the NECAtermWF300HP2 User's Manual>>
Aterm is a registered trademark of NEC
Corporation.
*: As the wireless router is a commercial product, its
specifications may be changed without advance notice.

Fig. 3-3-3 Wireless LAN Router


(NECAtermWF300HP2)

21 CX30000-Z001
3.4 Functions of Controller Components
(1) Power key switch
・ This power key switch turns the power on and off .
・ Insert the key into the power key switch, and turn it
clockwise to the "START" position to supply power
to the system.
・ The power key switch automatically returns to the
"ON" position.
・ The key cannot be pulled out when the power key
switch is at the "入 (ON)" position. The key can be
pulled out when the key switch is at the "切 (OFF)"
position.
・ When the key is turned counterclockwise to the
"OFF" position, the power is shut off.

(2) Emergency stop switch


・ Press this switch to shut off the power in the case
of an emergency.
The emergency stop can be canceled by pressing
this switch, and then turning the switch to the right.

(3) Tablet for controller operation


・ The tablet for controller operation is a touch-type
indicator device that integrates switches, an
indicator, and an indicator lamp. It controls the
system, when you touch its switches on each
screen.

22 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 4 Operating Procedures
4.1 Starting
Step Operation unit Operation
Operation button
Set the circuit breaker of the distribution board and other
1
components to the "ON" position.
Turn the power key switch, which is located on the controller of
2
the main unit of the system, to the "START" position.
(Releasing the switch returns it to the "ON" position.)
The three-color indicator lamp, which is located on the controller
of the main unit of the system, turns on in light green

(1) Press and hold the power button of the tablet for controller
3
operation for 3 seconds or more to turn on the power.

Power button
Touch " " on the Startup screen of the tablet for controller
operation.

Then, touch " " after the browser has started up.

<Transitions of the screen displayed when power is turned on>

Startup Application startup Aging required Aging notification

Aging not required Menu Screen

23 CX30000-Z001
4.1.1 Startup Screen of Tablet for Controller Operation

(3)

(2)

(1)
① (4)
(
2
)

Fig. 4-1 Startup Screen of Tablet for Controller Operation

(1) Album icon Touching it opens the album of photographs taken.


(2) Camera application icon Touching it starts up the camera application.
(3) Menu icon Touching it opens the Menu screen.
(4) Internet connection It is the "Opera" icon.
application icon Touching it starts up the browser to operate MBR.

*: Opera is a trademark or registered trademark of Opera Software ASA.

Note
1. Charge the battery of the tablet for controller operation regularly and try to use it in
fully-charged state.
2. Charge the battery immediately, when the charged state of the tablet for controller operation
goes below "15%".
3. The communication distance between the tablet for controller operation and the wireless LAN
router is approximately 20m or less within the same room.
However, the communication distance is affected by the conditions of the installation location.
4. Do not leave the irradiation test site, while holding the tablet for controller operation, more
than necessary.
5. Even if the power supply to the tablet for controller operation is disconnected during X-ray
irradiation in an irradiation test (when the battery of the tablet for controller operation runs out
of power or when the work described in (1) and (2) in "4.12 Turning Off the System" on P72 is
performed), the X-ray irradiation test still continues.
To stop it, turn the power key switch counterclockwise to the "OFF" position. to turn off the
power supply to the system.
Then, restart the system by referring to "4.1 Starting" on P24 and continue the irradiation test.
(Check the battery-charging status of the tablet for controller operation.)

24 CX30000-Z001
4.2 Aging
When the system has not been used for a specified period of time, a notification is displayed when the
power is turned on. Then, it moves to the Aging screen. Go to the Menu screen when the aging is
completed.

4.2.1 Aging Screen

(1)

Fig. 4-2 Aging Start Screen

(3)

(2)

(4)

Fig. 4-3 Aging in Progress Screen

(1) [エージング開始 (Aging Touching it starts the aging process.


Start)] button
(2) Remaining aging time This displays the remaining aging time.
indicator
(3) Aging progress display This displays the aging progress on a graph.
graph
(4) [エージング停止 (Aging This stops the aging process. If aging is interrupted, it must
Stop)] button be performed again at the next startup.

25 CX30000-Z001
(6)

MENU (5)

Fig. 4-4 Aging Completion Screen

(5) Menu screen transition button Touching it moves to the Menu screen.
(6) X-ray Irradiation Status Display
This displays the current X-ray irradiation status.
screen

4.2.2 Aging Procedure

Step Operation button Operation


Close the irradiation chamber door. If the door is open, the aging start
1
button goes out and the error message "Door Open" appears.

Touch the [Start] button.


2

After the completion of aging, touch the [MENU] button to move to the
3
MENU Menu button.

Reference
1) After aging is completed, the alarm makes a buzzing sound for about 5 seconds, and the
Aging Completion screen appears automatically.
2) During the aging process, the door is locked by an interlock function.

<Aging time>
X-ray tube device idle period Aging time
12 hours or less Not required
12 hours to 7 days 20 minutes
When not used for 7 days or longer 60 minutes

26 CX30000-Z001
4.3 Menu Screen
The Menu screen may display the notice window as shown in the following figure.
Contact the Hitachi Power Solutions service department, if this notice window appears.
(The following three points are set as maintenance periods during the installation.)
Touch the [Close] button to close the notice window.

Fig. 4-5 Notice Window Displayed on Menu Screen


<<Notice Window 1>> <<Notice Window 2>>

Notice issued 365 days after the installation Notice issued 365 days after the installation

27 CX30000-Z001
<<Notice Window 3>>

Notice issued 90 days after the installation

Operation button Operation


Touching it closes the window.

Touching it moves to the following window.

Touching either the [No Error] or [Error] button closes the window.

Although operation can be continued, contact the Hitachi Power


Solutions service department promptly, if there have been any errors.

<<Notice Window 4>>

Notice issued every week

When this notice is displayed, remove the filters as shown


in the figure on the right, and use a brush, vacuum cleaner
or other tool to remove dust from the removed filters.

28 CX30000-Z001
4.3.1 Menu Screen
This screen is used to select an irradiation method, various settings, irradiation history, error
history and other options.

(1)

(2)

(3)

(4)

(5)

(6)

(7)

(8)
0

Fig. 4-6 Menu Screen

(1) Dose irradiation test Allows you to set the conditions required for a dose irradiation test to
button perform the irradiation.
(2) Dose-converted Allows you to set the conditions required for a dose-converted irradiation
irradiation test button test to perform the irradiation.
(3) Timer irradiation test Allows you to set the conditions required for a timer irradiation test to
button perform the irradiation.
(4) Settings button Sets the time, atmospheric temperature, atmospheric pressure, etc.
(5) Irradiation history button Displays the dates and times when irradiation test were conducted in the
past as well as their irradiation conditions and other information.
(6) Error monitor button Displays details of the errors that are currently occurring in the system and
the history of past error details.
(7) Operation manual button Displays the operation manual for this X-ray irradiator.
(8) Preset read setting Reads preset irradiation test conditions.

29 CX30000-Z001
4.4 Performing X-ray Irradiation at a Preset Dose in Preset Conditions
Set a dose and test conditions to perform X-ray irradiation.

4.4.1 Dose Irradiation Test

(1) MENU

(2) (3)

(4) (5)

(9)
(6)

(10)

(7)
(8) (11)

(12)

Fig. 4-7 Dose Irradiation Test Screen

(1) Back-to-Menu-screen button Moves to the Menu screen.


(2) Tube voltage setting display This sets the tube voltage.
(3) Tube current setting display This sets the tube current.
(4) Filter selection display Automatically recognizes and displays manually-installed filters.
(5) Irradiation air kerma setting Sets the irradiation air kerma to be irradiated.
display
(6) Irradiation chamber interior Adjusts the table height, turns on and off the interior light, and sets
setting the turntable.
(7) Preset saving Saves set irradiation conditions and other information as presets.
(Max. of 50)
(8) High accuracy stop button Reduces the tube current immediately before the completion of
irradiation to improve the accuracy of the irradiation stop.
It is effective at 1 Gy/min or more.
(9) High dose rate measurement Specifies whether or not to measure the high dose rate.
button
(10) X線照射 (X-ray Irradiation) Emits X-rays under set conditions.
button

30 CX30000-Z001
(11) Zero adjustment button Performs a zero adjustment to use the dosimeter more accurately.
It shall be performed before generating X-rays.
(12) X-ray Irradiation Status Display Displays the dose measured during X-ray irradiation and the
screen remaining time.

4.4.1.1 Dose Irradiation Test Method

Step Operation button Operation


Open the irradiation chamber door and install the supplied X-ray filter
1
on the filter mounting base.
(In the case of non-filter, do not set it.)
For how to mount the X-ray filter, refer to "4.15.1 X-ray Filter Mounting
Procedure". (P.75)

Tube Voltage Input Procedure


2
(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

31 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
(4) To set a numerical value using arrow buttons, rather than the
2
keyboard:
(4)
Increases the value
in units of 10kV
Decreases the value
in units of 10kV
Increases the value
in units of 1kV
Decreases the value
Slide button
in units of 1kV

(5) (5) To set a value using the slide bar:


It starts from 35kV and slides between 40kV and 160kV in steps
of 20kV.
35kV:
(Moving the slide button to the leftmost position sets 35kV.
Releasing the slide button goes back to the same
position as 40kV.
40kV:
60kV:
80kV:
100kV:
120kV:
140kV:
160kV:
Tube Current Input Procedure
3
(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

32 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
(4) To set a numerical value using arrow buttons, rather than the
3
keyboard:
(4)
Increases the value
in units of 1mA
Decreases the value
in units of 1mA
Increases the value
in units of 0.1mA
Decreases the value
Slide button
in units of 0.1mA

(5) (5) To set a value using the slide bar:


It slides between 1 and 30mA in steps of 0.1mA.
However, the tube voltage is automatically adjusted so that the
maximum voltage is 3000W or less.

Filter check:
4
Check to make sure that the filter installed in Step 1 is recognized.

* When no filter is installed:

5 Use the Up and Down buttons to set the table height.


The display indicates the distance from the X-ray focal point to the
table surface.

Specify whether or not to rotate the table during X-ray irradiation.


The table rotates, when the button is lit.

This switch is used to turn on and off the interior light of the irradiation
chamber.

33 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
6 Irradiation air kerma input procedure:
(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

Touch the [High Accuracy Stop] button, as required, to enable the


7
high accuracy stop function. The high accuracy stop adjusts the tube
current immediately before the completion of irradiation. It is effective
at 1 Gy/min or more.
It shall be enabled, when irradiation is performed at a high dose rate
8
(60Gy/min or more). Although enabling it allows for measurements at
60Gy/min or more, it can only measure down to the first decimal
place.
Performs the zero adjustment of the dosimeter. It is lit in yellow during
9
zero adjustment.
Touch the [Zero Adjustment] button.
The dosimeter zero-adjustment button comes on. X-rays cannot be
generated during this process.
It is completed, when the display of [Zeroing] goes out (in approx.
1 minute).
When irradiation air kerma is set, the X-ray irradiation button changes
9
as shown below.

Touch the [Start] button, when the display turns green.

34 CX30000-Z001
4.4.1.2 Dose Irradiation Test in Progress Screen

MENU

(1)
(5)

(2)
(3)

(6)

(7)
(4)

Fig. 4-8 Dose Irradiation Test in Progress Screen

(1) X-ray irradiation in progress button


Indicates that X-rays are currently being emitted.
(2) X-ray irradiation in progress display bar
(3) Remaining time display field Displays the remaining time of X-ray irradiation.
(4) X-ray stop button This stops the X-ray irradiation process.
(5) X-ray irradiation progress graph Displays the progress of X-ray irradiation.
(6) Total dose display field Displays the current total dose.
(7) Dose rate display field Displays the current dose rate.

35 CX30000-Z001
4.4.1.3 Dose Irradiation Test Completion Screen

MENU
MENU

(1)
Start
Start

(2)-1) (2)-3)

(2)

(2)-2)

Fig. 4-9 Dose Irradiation Test Completion Screen

*: Items to be checked upon the completion


(1) Make sure that the X-ray irradiation button (1) has changed from "lit in red" to "lit in green".
(2) Check the following items on the X-ray Irradiation Status Display screen:
1) Make sure that the X-ray irradiation status display bar shows "X-ray OFF".
2) Make sure that the remaining time display field shows "00:00:00".
3) Make sure that the total dose matches the numerical value that is set for the irradiation air
kerma.
* It may include a slight error, when the dose rate is high.

36 CX30000-Z001
4.4.1.4 Preset Saving Procedure
The conditions set for a dose irradiation test can be saved as a preset. (0 to 49, Max. of 50)

Step Operation button Operation


Preset Number Input Procedure
1 (1) (1) Touch the section where a value is displayed.
(2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ]. (0 to 49)

(3)

2 Touch the [Save] button.

*: Item to be checked during preset saving


Make sure that the conditions are saved as a preset by referring to "4.9 Preset Condition Reading
Procedure".

37 CX30000-Z001
4.4.2 Dose-converted Irradiation Test

(1)

(2) (3)

(5)
(4)

(6)
(8)

(7)

Start (9)

Start (9)

(10)

(9)

Start

38 CX30000-Z001
Continued from the previous page Start

(11)

Fig. 4-10 Dose Irradiation Test Screen


(1) Back-to-Menu-screen Moves to the Menu screen.
button
(2) Tube voltage setting This sets the tube voltage.
display
(3) Tube current setting This sets the tube current.
display
(4) Filter selection display Automatically recognizes and displays manually-installed filters.
(5) Irradiation air kerma Sets the irradiation air kerma to be irradiated. It enables high dose rate
setting display measurement, as required.
(6) Irradiation chamber Adjusts the table height, turns on and off the interior light, and sets the
interior setting turntable.
(7) Work instruction display Displays the steps required for irradiation.
field
(8) Zero adjustment button Performs a zero adjustment to use the dosimeter more accurately.
It shall be performed before generating X-rays.
(9) X線照射 (X-ray Emits X-rays under set conditions.
Irradiation) button
(10) High accuracy stop Reduces the tube current immediately before the completion of irradiation
button to improve the accuracy of the irradiation stop.
It is effective at 1 Gy/min or more.
(11) X-ray Irradiation Status Displays the dose measured during X-ray irradiation and the remaining
Display screen time.

Note
The tip of the dosimeter probe can be damaged (cracked) even by a slight impact.
To prevent damage, you can use the probe with the protective cap supplied with the
dosimeter mounted on the tip of the probe.
However, if using as shown below with the filter types supplied with the system, dose
absorption by the protective cap can affect the dose. For this reason, use without the
protective cap in these situations.
・ Non-filter (effective energy: approx. 12 keV)
・ 1.0 mmAL (effective energy: approx. 37 keV)
・ 2.0 mmAL (effective energy: approx. 44 keV)

Filters where the protective cap can be mounted to the probe tip when using
・ 0.5 mmAL + +0.1 mm Cu (effective energy: approx. 53 keV)
・ 0.5 mmAL + +0.2 mm Cu (effective energy: approx. 62 keV)
・ 0.5 mmAL + +0.3 mm Cu (effective energy: approx. 67 keV)

39 CX30000-Z001
Note
Do not move the probe after X-ray irradiation preparation has been completed. The preset
air kerma rate changes, and the irradiation object will not be irradiated by the correct air
kerma. If the probe is moved after X-ray irradiation preparation has been completed, you
must re-register the air kerma rate.

4.4.2.1 Dose-converted Irradiation Test Method

Step Operation button Operation


Open the irradiation chamber door and install the supplied X-ray filter
1
on the filter mounting base.
(In the case of non-filter, do not set it.)
For how to mount the X-ray filter, refer to "4.15.1 X-ray Filter Mounting
Procedure". (P.75)

2 Tube Voltage Input Procedure


(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

40 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
2 (4) To set a numerical value using arrow buttons, rather than the
(4) keyboard:

Increases the value


in units of 10kV
Decreases the value
in units of 10kV
Increases the value
Slide button in units of 1kV
Decreases the value
(5) in units of 1kV

(5) To set a value using the slide bar:


It starts from 35kV and slides between 40kV and 160kV in steps
of 20kV.
35kV:
(Moving the slide button to the leftmost position sets
35kV.
Releasing the slide button goes back to the same
position as 40kV.
40kV:
60kV:
80kV:
100kV:
120kV:
140kV:
160kV:

3 Tube Current Input Procedure


(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

41 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
3 (4) To set a numerical value using arrow buttons, rather than the
(4) keyboard:

Increases the value


in units of 1mA
Decreases the value
in units of 1mA
Increases the value
in units of 0.1mA
Slide button Decreases the value
in units of 0.1mA
(5)
(5) To set a value using the slide bar:
It slides between 1 and 30mA in steps of 0.1mA.
However, the tube voltage is automatically adjusted so that the
maximum voltage is 3000W or less.

4 Filter check:
Check to make sure that the filter installed in Step 1 is recognized.

* When no filter is installed:

5 Use the Up and Down buttons to set the table height.


The display indicates the distance from the X-ray focal point to the
table surface.

Specify whether or not to rotate the table during X-ray irradiation.


The table rotates, when the button is lit.

This switch is used to turn on and off the interior light of the irradiation
chamber.

42 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
6 Irradiation air kerma input procedure:
(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

7 Performs the zero adjustment of the dosimeter. It is lit in yellow during


zero adjustment.
Touch the [Zero Adjustment] button.
The dosimeter zero-adjustment button comes on. X-rays cannot be
generated during this process.
It is completed, when the display of [Zeroing] goes out (in approx.
1 minute).

8 When the door is closed, the X-ray irradiation button changes as


shown below.

Touch the [Start] button, when the display turns green.

43 CX30000-Z001
4.4.2.2 Measurement of Dose Rate at Irradiation Target Position in Progress
Screen

(1)

(2)

Fig. 4-11 Measurement of Dose Rate at Irradiation Target Position in Progress Screen

(1) X-ray irradiation in Indicates that X-rays are currently being emitted.
progress button
(2) X-ray stop button Stops the X-ray irradiation process temporarily.

Step Operation button Operation


9 Measurement of the dose rate at the irradiation target position:
Set the dosimeter probe according to the work instruction display
(2) (1)
field of the touch panel.
Loosen the knob at (1), and pull out the probe in the (2) direction.

The mouse cage shaft is fastened by inserting the protrusion at the


bottom of the mouse cage into the indentation in the mouse cage shaft.
Insert the probe in the empty mouse cage, and close the door.

(*: Do not allow any impact on the probe tip.)

44 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
10 When the door is closed, the X-ray irradiation button changes as
shown below.

Touch the [Start] button to start X-ray irradiation, when the display
turns green.

11 The X-ray irradiation stops automatically, when the dose rate


stabilizes.
When the dose rate measurement is completed, the display of
[Complete] appears as shown below.

4.4.2.3 Measurement of Dose Rate at Measurement Position on Progress


Screen

(1)

(2)

Fig. 4-12 Measurement of Dose Rate at Measurement Position on Progress Screen

(1) X-ray irradiation in Indicates that X-rays are currently being emitted.
progress button
(2) X-ray stop button Stops the X-ray irradiation process temporarily.

45 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
Measurement of the dose rate at the measurement position
12
Set the dosimeter probe according to the work instruction display
field of the touch panel.
Open the door of the irradiation chamber, remove the probe from the
mouse cage, and set at position within the X-ray irradiation field
where it does not interfere with the mouse cage. Close the irradiation
chamber door.

When the door is closed, the X-ray irradiation button changes as


13
shown below.

Touch the [Start] button to start X-ray irradiation, when the display
turns green.
The X-ray irradiation stops automatically, when the dose rate
14
stabilizes.
When the dose rate measurement is completed, the display of
[Complete] appears as shown below.

15 Touch the [High Accuracy Stop] button, as required, to enable the


high accuracy stop function. The high accuracy stop adjusts the tube
current immediately before the completion of irradiation. It is effective
at 1 Gy/min or more.

16 It shall be enabled, when irradiation is performed at a high dose rate


(60Gy/min or more). Although enabling it allows for measurements at
60Gy/min or more, it can only measure down to the first decimal
place.
When irradiation air kerma is set, the X-ray irradiation button changes
17
as shown below.

Touch the [Start] button, when the display turns green.

46 CX30000-Z001
4.4.2.4 Irradiation Test for Irradiation Target on Progress Screen

(1)

(2)
(5)

(3) (6)

(7)
(4)

Fig. 4-13 Irradiation Test for Irradiation Target on Progress Screen

(1) X-ray irradiation in progress button


Indicates that X-rays are currently being emitted.
(2) X-ray irradiation in progress display bar
(3) Remaining time display field Displays the remaining time of X-ray irradiation.
(4) X-ray stop button Stops the X-ray irradiation process temporarily.
(5) X-ray irradiation progress graph Displays the progress of X-ray irradiation.
(6) Field for displaying the total dose and Displays the current total dose and dose rate at the
dose rate at the irradiation body position irradiation body position.
(7) Field for displaying the total dose and Displays the current total dose and dose rate at the probe
dose rate at the probe position position.

47 CX30000-Z001
4.4.2.5 Dose-converted Irradiation Test Completion Screen

(1)

(2)-2)
(2)

(2)-1)

Fig. 4-14 Dose Irradiation Test Completion Screen

*: Items to be checked upon the completion


(1) Make sure that the X-ray irradiation status display bar shows "X-ray OFF".
(2) Check the following items on the X-ray Irradiation Status Display screen:
1) Make sure that the remaining time display field shows "00:00:00".
2) Make sure that the total dose matches the numerical value that is set for the irradiation air
kerma.

48 CX30000-Z001
4.4.3 Timer Irradiation Test

(1) MENU

(2)
(3)

(4) (5)

(6)

(8)
Save

(7)
(9)
(10)

Fig. 4-15 Dose Irradiation Test Screen

(1) Back-to-Menu-screen button Moves to the Menu screen.


(2) Tube voltage setting display This sets the tube voltage.
(3) Tube current setting display This sets the tube current.
(4) Filter selection display Automatically recognizes and displays manually-installed filters.
(5) Irradiation time setting display Sets the X-ray irradiation time.
(6) Irradiation chamber interior Adjusts the table height, turns on and off the interior light, and sets the
setting turntable.
(7) Preset saving Saves set irradiation conditions and other information as presets.
(Max. of 50)
(8) X線照射 (X-ray Irradiation) Emits X-rays under set conditions.
button
(9) Zero adjustment button Performs a zero adjustment to use the dosimeter more accurately.
It shall be performed before generating X-rays.
(10) X-ray Irradiation Status Displays the dose measured during X-ray irradiation and the
Display screen remaining time.

49 CX30000-Z001
4.4.3.1 Timer Irradiation Test Method

Step Operation button Operation


Open the irradiation chamber door and install the supplied X-ray filter
1
on the filter mounting base.
(In the case of non-filter, do not set it.)
For how to mount the X-ray filter, refer to "4.15.1 X-ray Filter Mounting
Procedure". (P.75)

Close the door.


If the door is open, the following message appears.

Tube Voltage Input Procedure


2
(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

50 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
(4) To set a numerical value using arrow buttons, rather than the
2
keyboard:
(4)
Increases the value
in units of 10kV
Decreases the value
in units of 10kV
Increases the value
in units of 1kV
Decreases the value
Slide button in units of 1kV

(5) (5) To set a value using the slide bar:


It starts from 35kV and slides between 40kV and 160kV in steps
of 20kV.
35kV:
(Moving the slide button to the leftmost position sets
35kV.
Releasing the slide button goes back to the same
position as 40kV.
40kV:
60kV:
80kV:
100kV:
120kV:
140kV:
160kV:
Tube Current Input Procedure
3
(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

51 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
(4) To set a numerical value using arrow buttons, rather than the
3
keyboard:
(4)
Increases the value
in units of 1mA
Decreases the value
in units of 1mA
Increases the value
in units of 0.1mA
Decreases the value
Slide button
in units of 0.1mA

(5) (5) To set a value using the slide bar:


It slides between 1 and 30mA in steps of 0.1mA.
However, the tube voltage is automatically adjusted so that the
maximum voltage is 3000W or less.
Filter check:
4
Check to make sure that the filter installed in Step 1 is recognized.

* When no filter is installed:

Use the Up and Down buttons to set the table height.


5
The display indicates the distance from the X-ray focal point to the
table surface.

Specify whether or not to rotate the table during X-ray irradiation.


The table rotates, when the button is lit.

This switch is used to turn on and off the interior light of the irradiation
chamber.

52 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation button Operation
Irradiation time input procedure:
6
(1) Touch the section where a numerical value is displayed.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(3)

Performs the zero adjustment of the dosimeter. It is lit in yellow during


7
zero adjustment.
Touch the [Zero Adjustment] button.
The dosimeter zero-adjustment button comes on. X-rays cannot be
generated during this process.
It is completed, when the display of [Zeroing] goes out (in approx. 1
minute).
When the irradiation time is set, the X-ray irradiation button changes
7
as shown below.

Touch the [Start] button, when the display turns green.

53 CX30000-Z001
4.4.3.2 Timer Irradiation Test on Progress Screen

MENU

26

(1)
(5)

(2)

(3)

1.00 (6)

(7)
(4)

Fig. 4-16 Dose Irradiation Test in Progress Screen

(1) X-ray irradiation in progress button


Indicates that X-rays are currently being emitted.
(2) X-ray irradiation in progress display bar
(3) Remaining time display field Displays the remaining time of X-ray irradiation.
(4) X-ray stop button Stops the X-ray irradiation process temporarily.
(5) X-ray irradiation progress graph Displays the progress of X-ray irradiation.
(6) Total dose display field Displays the current total dose.
(7) Dose rate display field Displays the current dose rate.

54 CX30000-Z001
4.4.3.3 Timer Irradiation Test Completion Screen

MENU

26

(1)
Start

(2)
(2)-1)

2.00
(2)-2)
Fig. 4-17 Dose Irradiation Test Completion Screen

*: Items to be checked upon the completion


(1) Make sure that the X-ray irradiation button (1) has changed from "lit in red" to "lit in green".
(2) Check the following items on the X-ray Irradiation Status Display screen:
1) Make sure that the X-ray irradiation status display bar shows "X-ray OFF".
2) Make sure that the remaining time display field shows "00:00:00".

55 CX30000-Z001
4.4.3.4 Preset Saving Procedure
The conditions set for a dose irradiation test can be saved as a preset. (0 to 49, Max. of 50)

Step Operation button Operation


Preset Number Input Procedure
1 (1) (1) Touch the section where a value is displayed.
(2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ]. (0 to 49)

(3)

Touch the [Save] button.


2

*: Item to be checked during preset saving


Make sure that the conditions are saved as a preset by referring to "4.9 Preset Condition Reading
Procedure" on P.66.

56 CX30000-Z001
4.5 Settings Screen
Set the time, specify whether or not to correct the dosimeter, and set the atmospheric
temperature/pressure, etc.

(5) (6) (3)

(1)

(7)
(8)
(2)

(4) (9)

(10)

(11) (12)

Fig. 4-22 Settings Screen

Fig. 4-22 Settings Screen

(1) Back-to-Menu-screen button Moves to the Menu screen.


(2) Buzzer switching button Enables/disables the buzzer.
(3) Buzzer ring time Sets the buzzer ring time.
(4) Month setting button Sets a month (M).
Time setting buttons

(5) Day setting button Sets a day (D).


(6) Western calendar year
Sets a Western calendar year (Y).
setting button
(7) Hour setting button Sets hours (h).
(8) Minute setting button Sets minutes (m).
(9) SET button Reflects the month, day, year, hours and minutes that are set in (6).
Dosimeter correction The ion chamber produces a slight error due to the atmospheric
enabling/disabling button temperature and pressure.
It is corrected, when this is enabled.
(10) Pressure button Sets the atmospheric pressure.
(11) Temperature setting Enters the atmospheric temperature of the room where the irradiator is
placed.
(12) Pressure setting Enters the atmospheric pressure of the room where the irradiator is
placed.

57 CX30000-Z001
4.5.1 Setting method
Step Operation button Operation
Enable/disable the buzzer, as required.
1
It is switched over every time the button is pressed.

Touch the section of seconds.


2 (1) (1) Touch the section where a Western calendar value is displayed.
(2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
(2) to a numerical keyboard.
(3) Enter the numerical value to be set, and touch [ ].
(3)

Step Operation button Operation


Date and time input procedure:
1 (1) (1) Touch the section where a Western calendar value is displayed.
(2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to change it
(2) to a numerical keyboard.

(3) (3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].

(4) Repeat (2) and (3) to change the remaining sections such as the
month, day, hours and minutes.
Touch the [SET] button.
2
Make sure that the date and time at the upper right of the screen have
been changed.

Step Operation button Operation


Disabling/enabling the correction of the dosimeter
3
Touch [OFF] or {ON] to make the setting.
Disabled Enabled

Atmospheric temperature/pressure input procedure


4
(1) Touch the section where a temperature value is displayed.
(1)
(2) Repeat (2) and (3) in Step 1 to change the value.
(3) Touch the section where a pressure value is displayed.
(4) Repeat (2) and (3) in Step 1 to change the value.
(3)

58 CX30000-Z001
4.6 Irradiation History Screen
Check the irradiation conditions used in the past. It also allows you to load past irradiation conditions.

(1)
LOGS (2)

(3)

Fig. 4-23 Irradiation History Screen

(1) Back-to-Menu-screen Moves to the Menu screen.


button
(2) History display page Changes the displayed history page (10 logs/page).
transition The maximum number of pages is 5 (0 to 4 pages). Up to 50 logs can be
displayed.
(3) History Display screen Displays the history of the test conditions used in the past (the date, tube
voltage, tube current, filter type, dose, time and table height).
Up to 50 logs can be displayed.

59 CX30000-Z001
4.6.1 Irradiation History Search and Irradiation Condition Loading
Procedures

Step Operation button Operation


Irradiation history search procedure
1
[1] (1) Touch the number section.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to
change it to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ].


(3) (0 to 4)

[2] (1) Touch the arrows.


(1) : Goes down by page. : Goes up by page.

: Moves to the first page. : Moves to the last page.


(Moves to Page 0) (Moves to Page 4)
2 Irradiation condition loading procedure
Touch [ ] in the Load column.
Not set Loaded

60 CX30000-Z001
4.7 Error Monitor Screen
Check current errors and the history of the errors that occurred in the past. (Max. of 10)

(1)

(2)

(3)

Fig. 4-24 Error Monitor Screen

(1) Back-to-Menu-screen button Moves to the Menu screen.


(2) VCurrent error detail display bar Displays details of the errors that are currently occurring.
(3) Past error detail display table Displays the history of the errors that occurred in the past.

61 CX30000-Z001
4.8 Error Message Descriptions
Descriptions displayed on the error detail display bar and the error history

Cooler error An error was detected in the cooler. Restart it. Contact the Hitachi Power
Solutions service department if the error occurs frequently.

An error was detected in the X-ray generator. Restart it. Contact the Hitachi
X-ray generator error Power Solutions service department if the error occurs frequently.

Dose meter Communication with the dosimeter cannot be established. Contact the Hitachi
communication error Power Solutions service department.
The cooler is not in the remote state. Correct the cooler settings according to
No cooler remote signal the operation manual.
Detection of cooler signal An error signal from the cooler was detected. Check the error code on the
errors cooler control panel and take action.
Cooler operation stop The cooler is stopped.
The dose rate is too low. Make the probe position appropriate or increase the
Low dose rate error
X-ray output.
X-ray communication Communication with the X-ray generator cannot be established. Check the
error connecting cable.
The voltage of the clock battery has decreased. If the clock does not operate
Battery decrease
correctly, long aging is performed each time.
The X-ray irradiation stopped, because the irradiation chamber was opened
Interlock open forcibly during the irradiation.

If any of the above errors occurs, read its error description and take appropriate action against the error
before continuing the operation.
If the error occurs frequently, contact the Hitachi Power Solutions service department.

4.9 Operation Manual Display Screen


Download the instruction manual for operating this system. (PDF version)
If the screen is displayed in white, use the [Back] button on the browser to go back.
Refer to the manual, when there is anything you don't know about how to operate the system.

62 CX30000-Z001
4.10 Preset Condition Reading Procedure
A maximum of 50 sets of the irradiation conditions that are set for a dose irradiation test or time irradiation
test can be savsed as presets.
The saved irradiation condition data is displayed on the Menu screen. (5 entries/page)

Step Operation button Operation


Preset search procedure:
1
[1] (1) Touch the number section.
(1) (2) When a keyboard appears, touch the [?123] button to
change it to a numerical keyboard.

(2)

(3) Enter the numerical value to be set and touch [ ]. (0 to 9)


(3)

[2] (1) Touch the arrows.


: Goes down by page. : Goes up by page.
(1)

: Moves to the first page. : Moves to the last page.


(Moves to Page 0) (Moves to Page 9)
2 Preset loading procedure
Touch [ ] in the Load column.
Not set Loaded

63 CX30000-Z001
4.11 Recovering from Power Outage and Restarting X-ray Irradiation
When the power to the system is cut off during the X-ray irradiation process, the irradiated time and dose
are recorded, and X-ray irradiation is resumed after power is restored.

4.11.1 Power Failure Recovery Message

Fig. 4-25 Power Failure Recovery Message

4.11.2 X-ray Irradiation Resuming Procedure

Step Operation button Operation


Turn on the power supply to the system one minute or more after the
1
power is restored.
Then, press [ ] on the screen to update the screen.

Touch the [Resume] button on the Power Failure Recovery screen to


2
close the Power Failure Recovery screen.

When the [Start] button is touched, the X-ray irradiation button


3
changes as shown below.

The operation is resumed from the section where it was interrupted


by the power failure.

64 CX30000-Z001
4.11.3 X-ray Irradiation Resuming Stop Procedure

Step Operation button Operation


1 Touch the [Stop] button on the Power Failure Recovery screen to
close the Power Failure Recovery screen.

4.12 Emergency Stop


The emergency stop switch is located in the controller operation section of the main unit of the system.
Pressing the emergency stop switch turns off the power supply to the system.
The emergency stop switch of the main unit is an alternate type, which remains held down, when it is
pressed once.

Recovery procedure:
(1) Turn the emergency stop switch in the arrow direction (clockwise) to release it.
(2) Turn the power key switch to turn on the power supply to the system.

4.13 Turning Off the System


Step Operation unit Operation

1 Press (1) first, and then press (2) .


(1)

Press (3) [Finish].

(3)

65 CX30000-Z001
(1) Press and hold the power button of the
2
tablet for controller operation for 3
seconds or more.
(2)
(2) Touch [Power OFF].

(3) Touch [Yes].

(3)

(1) Power button


Turn the power key switch counterclockwise
3
to the "切 (OFF)" position.

* Even if the power supply to the tablet for controller operation is disconnected during X-ray irradiation in
an irradiation test (when the battery of the tablet for controller operation runs out of power or when the
work described in Step 2 above is performed), the X-ray irradiation test still continues.
In this case, turn the power key switch counterclockwise to the "OFF" position. to turn off the power
supply to the system.
To stop it, restart the system by referring to "4.1 Starting" in "Chapter 5. Operating Procedures" on P.24
and continue the irradiation test. (Check the battery-charging status of the tablet for controller
operation.)
Charge the battery of the tablet for controller operation regularly and try to use it in fully-charged state.

4.14 Storing the Power Key Switch


The user is responsible for managing the use and storage of the system.
The power key switch must be stored under strict controls.
Otherwise, the system may be moved without authorization.
Controlling and storing the key enables limiting of the number of users who can use the system.

66 CX30000-Z001
4.15 Using the Mouse Cage
The mouse cage supplied with the MBR-1520R-4 X-ray Irradiator for Experiments is a case for holding
up to 12 mice used as experiment specimens and is mounted on the turntable.

4.15.1 Mouse Cage Usage Procedure


The inside of the mouse cage is divided into 12 chambers with acrylic partitions.
(1) Pull out the small lid located at the top of the mouse cage and insert one mouse into the inlet port.
(2) Next, turn the rotary lid by an angle equal to one chamber, match the inlet port to the top of the
adjacent chamber, and then insert a mouse into the inlet port.
(3) Insert mice into the empty chambers one by one. After mice are housed in all 12 chambers, attach
the small lid.
(4) After the experiment is completed, turn the knob counterclockwise to loosen it, detach the rotary
lid, and then take out the mice. After taking out the mice, reattach the rotary lid.

Rotary lid Knob

Small lid
Inlet port (indicated by dotted-line area)

*Note
1. Be sure to always check that there is nothing abnormal about the mouse cage before use. The mice
could escape if the cage is damaged or has other problems.
2. Be particularly careful when putting mice into the cage.

67 CX30000-Z001
4.16 X-ray Filters
You can manually insert a filter into the irradiation port of the X-ray generator.
Five types of X-ray filters are supplied, as shown below:
・ 1.0mmAL
・ 2.0mmAL
・ 0.5mmAL+0.1mmCu
・ 0.5mmAL+0.2mmCu
・ 0.5mmAL+0.3mmCu
*: Be careful not to touch the Cu (copper) filter portion with bare hands.

4.16.1 X-ray Filter Mounting Procedure


Make sure that X-ray irradiation is stopped.

Step Operation unit Operation


Open the irradiation
1
chamber door.

Insert the X-ray filter into


2
the chamber from
diagonally below, with the
cut portion of the filter
first, while pushing it in.

Raise the filter until it


becomes horizontal,
while pushing it.

68 CX30000-Z001
Step Operation unit Operation
Let go of the filter so that
3
it hooks onto the front
stopper.

Close the irradiation


4
chamber door.

4.16.2 External View of X-ray Filter

69 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 5 Errors and Warnings
If an error occurs in the system, the user is notified by a buzzer and screen message.

5.1 Error Message Window

Fig. 5-1 Error Message Window

5.2 Error Check Procedure

Step Operation button Operation


Touching the [View errors] button on the Error screen displays the
1
Error Monitor screen.

70 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 6 Notes When Combining With Other Equipment

Contact Hitachi Power Solutions or a company


designated by Hitachi Power Solutions when
combining with equipment other than those shown in
Chapter 2 Configuration.

71 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 7 Maintenance and Inspection
To maintain optimum system performance for an extended period and to ensure safe operation of the system,
periodic maintenance and inspection must be performed on the system.
To ensure system quality, please conduct maintenance and inspection on the items listed below.

7.1 Daily Inspection


To maintain system specifications and performance, users must perform the inspections below.

7.1.1 Inspection Before Start of Operation


Check the items below before operation or when turning on the power.

(1) Is there anything abnormal about the appearance of the protective box, cooler, and other devices
(dents, bending, damage), or leakage of the circulation liquid?
(2) Are the cables connecting the system components free of any damage and connected without
applying excessive force?
(3) Does the turntable rotate normally? Is it free of any abnormal noise and odors?
(4) Is the fan at the rear of the irradiation chamber spinning?
(5) Is there any abnormal noise coming from the cooler? Also, is there any leakage of the circulation
liquid?
(6) Is there anything abnormal about the mouse cage?

7.1.2 Inspection After Operation Is Completed


After using the system, perform the inspection below as preparation for the next use.

(1) Have all specimens been removed from the irradiation chamber?
(2) Is the system turned off?
(3) Is the power key switch pulled out?

7.2 Inspection After Prolonged Storage


Before reusing the system after storage for an extended period of time, perform the inspection before start of
operation.

7.3 Periodic Inspection


We recommend that you perform periodic maintenance and inspection for maintaining system performance at
its original state and enabling safe operation.
For details on maintenance contracts for periodic inspection, please consult a Hitachi Power Solutions service
technician.

7.4 Calibration of Dosimeter


To maintain measurement precision, calibrate the dosimeter at least once a year after use. When calibrating,
please contact the Hitachi Power Solutions service department.

72 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 8 Repairs
8.1 Responsibility for Repairs
If the system breaks down or needs readjustment, do not repair or readjust it without authorization. Please
request this work from Hitachi Power Solutions or a company designated by Hitachi Power Solutions. Any
repair or readjustment performed by anyone other than Hitachi Power Solutions or a company designated by
Hitachi Power Solutions is the responsibility of the contractor who performs the work. Hitachi Power Solutions
assumes no responsibility whatsoever for any unauthorized repairs.

8.2 Requesting Repairs


If any problems occurs in the system, immediately turn off the power. Please contact the company
designated by Hitachi Power Solutions and provide as much information as possible about the problem. The
company will examine the problem and provide repairs if necessary.

73 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 9 Warranty
The warranty period of the system is one year from the date of delivery, except for the cases below.
Hitachi Power Solutions will promptly repair free of charge any breakdowns within the warranty period for
which Hitachi Power Solutions is clearly responsible.

Details

(1) Warranty for X-ray tube device


The warranty for the X-ray tube device is one year or 1,200 hours of powered operation after delivery,
whichever comes first. After this period, the user bears all expenses for repair or readjustment.
The warranty covers the entire amount for any breakdowns that occur during the warranty period.
When components are replaced in accordance with the provisions of this warranty, the warranty
remains in effect for the remainder of the warranty period or the operating time of the original product,
whichever is shorter. Please note that the operating time is based on the total hours of operation of the
system assembly.

(2) Warranty for dosimeter probe


The warranty for the probe supplied with the dosimeter expires three months after the delivery of the
system.
The probe cannot be repaired. If it fails, it must be replaced with a new one.

(3) Calibration of dosimeter


To maintain measurement precision, calibrate the dosimeter once a year after use.
When calibrating, please contact the Hitachi Power Solutions service department.

74 CX30000-Z001
Chapter 10 Specifications of Components

Equipment name Item Specifications


Overall Air kerma rate Approx. 8.5Gy/min
(Tube voltage: 160kV)
(Tube current: 18.7mA)
(Filter: Aℓ1.0mm)
(Table height: 250mm)
Power consumption Main unit of the system: 5.3kW during X-ray
irradiation, and 1.9kW during non-irradiation periods
Heat generated Max. 3.5kW・h or less
Noise (actual Approx. 60dB or less (A-weighting)
measurement example)
Power supply Single-phase AC: 200×(1±10%) V
Frequency: 50/60 Hz
Capacity: 6 kVA or more (Circuit breaker capacity:
30 A or more)
Grounding Class D grounding terminal work (previously called
Class 3 grounding work)
Grounding resistance: 100 Ω or less

Note
Do not share the system power supply with a high frequency heating furnace, arc furnace, or other large
equipment subject to high load fluctuations.
Impact waves and high-frequency noise from this equipment will adversely affect the X-ray irradiator.

Equipment name Item Specifications


High-voltage Maximum rated output 160kV
generator voltage
Maximum rated output 30mA continuous
current
High-voltage output control Inverter system
system
Weight Approx. 70kg
Input voltage AC200×(1±10%)V
Installation location Installed at bottom rear of protective box
Controller Tube voltage setting Enables fine-adjustment from 35 to 160kV in 0.1kV
steps.
Tube current setting Enables fine-adjustment from 1 to 30mA in 0.1mA
steps.
Control system Control by PLC
Control panel 10.1-inch wide IPS liquid crystal display WXGA
(1280×800)
Built-in camera: 180°
*: Android is a trademark or registered trademark of
Google Inc.

75 CX30000-Z001
Equipment name Item Specifications
Controller Interlock ・ High-voltage generator error detection (X-ray
irradiation stop)
・Interlock circuit of protective box (X-ray irradiation
cannot be performed unless the door is completely
closed.)
・ Dosimeter zero adjustment detection (X-ray
irradiation cannot be performed during zero
adjustment of the dosimeter.)
・ Circulation liquid overheat detection (X-ray
irradiation cannot be performed if temperature of
X-ray tube cooling oil exceeds the specified value.)
・Cooler low circulation liquid level detection (X-ray
irradiation cannot be performed if the level of the
circulation liquid for cooling the X-ray tube falls
below the specified value (4L/min).)
Automatic aging function ・ If the X-ray irradiation stop time exceeds the
specified time, 20 or 60 minutes of aging is
required. A message is displayed on the touch
panel when aging is required. Aging is performed
automatically when the start switch is pressed.

Power outage backup ・When the system power is cut off due to a power
function outage or other cause during the X-ray irradiation
process, the system can resume the remaining
X-ray irradiation process when power is restored.
X-ray tube device Maximum rated tube 160kV
voltage
Maximum rated tube 30mA continuous
current
Focal point dimensions 5.5mm
Irradiation angle 40°
Cooling system Forced cooling system using circulation liquid
Weight Approx. 4kg
Protective box Dimensions 730 (width) × 800 (depth) × 1600 mm (height)
Weight Approx. 650kg
External leak dose 1μSv/h or less at a position 5 cm from the surface
Door opening/closing Manual
Door interlock Yes (X-ray irradiation not possible when open.
Cannot be opened during irradiation.)
Filter Aℓ1mm
Aℓ2mm
Aℓ0.5mm+Cu0.1mm,
Aℓ0.5mm+Cu0.2mm
Aℓ0.5mm+Cu0.3mm

76 CX30000-Z001
Equipment name Item Specifications
Protective box Three-color status The two-color status indicator lamp is installed on
indicator lamp the top side and shows the operation status of the
X-ray irradiator.
Light green: The system power turned on
Green: Ready for X-ray irradiation
Yellow: X-ray irradiation in progress
Red: An error occurred
Buzzer Sounds about 5 seconds after aging is completed
and irradiation is completed.
Vertical moving Rotation speed 6 rotations/min (a t50Hz), 7.2 rotations/min (at 60Hz)
turntable Vertical stroke 250 to 600mm (electric operation)
(Refers to the distance between the X-ray tube focal
point and the table surface.)
Dosimeter Cumulative dose 0.00 to 999.99 Gy
Dose rate High: 0.0 to 6000Gy/min
Low: 0.00 to 60.00Gy/min
Measurement method
High-voltage application 400V
Measurement precision
Accuracy Within ±0.5% + digit
(for current and electrification measurement)
Reproducibility Within ±0.5% + digit

Cooler Cooling system Air cooling refrigeration


Refrigerant used R441A(HFC)
Coolant 15% ethylene glycol
Cooling performance 4700/5100W (50/60Hz)
Pump performance 0.24MPa/0.32Mpa (50/60Hz)
Circulating volume of 23L/min(50/60Hz)
circulation liquid
Tank capacity Approx. 5L
Power supply Single-phase: AC200V (50/60Hz)
Rated operating current 8/11A(50/60Hz)
Rated power consumption 1.68/2.20kVA(50/60Hz)
Dimensions W377×D292×H976mm
Weight Approx. 69kg

77 CX30000-Z001
Appendix 1 External Dimensions

Pocket for installing the


Wireless LAN router

800

590
LAN connector port
Accessory case Receptacles Exhaust fan
Emergency Stop Three-color status indicator
Protective box

Power key switch

Cooler
1100

Opening/closing
Irradiation handle
chamber
1600

970

High-voltage generator
500

730 375 750

Units: mm
Dimensions of MBR-1618R-BE

78 CX30000-Z001
Appendix 2 Ozone Generated by X-rays

Reference

The ionization effect of X-rays changes some air in the irradiation chamber into ozone. When
this irradiator is set to X-ray conditions of 160kV, 5mA, no filter, and a distance of 600mm
between the focal point and table, the ozone concentration increases by approximately 0.06
ppm in the mouse cage mounted on the irradiator. Setting the distance between the focal point
and table to 250 mm in the X-ray conditions increases the concentration by approximately
0.085 ppm. The impact of ozone on humans and animals is described in detail below, and so
please exercise caution. When X-ray irradiation is complete, expel ozone from the irradiation
chamber by the fan inside the chamber. Normal atmospheric concentration is restored by
running the fan for about 3 minutes.

 Ozone (ozone: O3, molecular weight: 48.00, melting point: -193°C, boiling point: -111.9°C, specific
gravity: 1.614 g/cc)
Ozone is converted to oxygen in air by sunlight, or specifically, ultraviolet rays, and exists in
concentrations of approx. 0.05 ppm near seashores and 0.005 ppm in ordinary air. It exists in large
quantities in the so-called ozone layer starting at elevations of 30 km above ground. However, it is not
a healthy gas as is widely overstated, but is rather an irritant gas with a distinctive odor. If the
concentration of ozone in the atmosphere, for instance, is 0.6 ppm or higher (it frequently reaches this
level in Los Angeles), it is hazardous to your health. Consequently, the acute toxicity of ozone has
been studied in detail, and it has been determined that lung capacity of healthy adults diminishes by
20% due to irritation of breathing ozone in concentrations of up to 0.1 ppm for 2 hours, and if humans
and various animals breathe ozone at concentrations of 1 to 2 ppm for 1 to 2 hours, the mucus
membrane is severely irritated and the central nervous system is inhibited. Breathing ozone at this
concentration for only 2 hours causes thinking to become incoherent, and breathing for 6 hours
causes headaches, bronchitis and peribronchitis. The acute lethal concentration LC50 for rats is 2 to
8 ppm.
Because ozone possesses strong bactericidal properties, it is used for this purpose at meeting places
and food packaging factories. It is also sometimes used for sterilizing drinking water. However, it has
a distinctive odor and is an irritant that causes discomfort and is also toxic to the human body. It is
particularly harmful to organisms that are engaged in physical activity. It results in mortality in 6 hours
at a concentration of 1 ppm for rats and mice, and induces acute lethality by pulmonary edema at 10
ppm. Ozone poisoning must be treated with the same caution as phosgene (COC12), requiring
complete rest to prevent the onset of pulmonary edema. Ozone is produced by X-ray photography. It
tends to result in chronic ozone poisoning, and could cause nervousness, fatigue, frontal cortex
headache, and cardiomyopathy.
The minimum limit where the distinctive odor of ozone can be detected is 0.02 ppm or less, but as one
gets used to the smell, it becomes harder to detect with accuracy. For this reason, it would be
dangerous to rely on the sense of smell. As a result, the maximum concentration for work places has
3
been recently lowered from the long-standing 1 ppm level to 0.1 ppm (0.2 mg/m ). This is because
ozone is more toxic than is commonly thought and is approximately 10 times more toxic by weight
3
than chlorine at a concentration of 0.5 ppm (2 mg/m ).

* References (Document name) Pollution and Poison / Dangerous


Substances (Inorganic)
Author: Hiroshi Horiguchi
Publisher: Sankyo Publishing Co., Ltd.

79 CX30000-Z001
Effects of Ozone on Humans and Organisms

Concentration Exposure time Effects


(ppm)
0.008 to 0.02 Instantaneous Odor limit
0.08 3 hours Increase in death rate (in mice) due to lung infection
by streptococci
0.10 Short time Irritation to human eyes (allowable concentration for
industrial heath)
0.10 Dryness in upper respiratory system, irritation in the
nose and throat (in humans).
0.20 5 hours/day for 3 weeks Damage to the cardiac muscle tissue of house mice
and rats
1 person: 3 consecutive hours Adverse effect on human eyesight
2 people: a total of 3 hours,
1 hour at a time
0.20 to 0.25 30 minutes Adverse effect on red blood cells and other cells
(in house mice, rats, rabbits, and humans)
0.28 30 minutes Hoarseness and nose itchiness (in humans)
0.37 2 hours Breathing difficulties and reduced lung ventilation
0.20 to 0.80 2 hours 5% to 25% decline in the ventilation function of
lungs (FEB)
0.20 to 0.80 Reduced lung functionality, irritation of the nose,
throat, and eyes
0.30 to 0.80 Chronic exposure Increased complaints, chest pain, and throat
irritation in welders
Complaints about intense headaches
1.50 to 2.0 2 hours Intense headaches, reduced lung functionality,
coughing, extreme fatigue, impaired conversation
ability, and a lack of coordinated muscular motion
continue for several weeks.
4.00 to 10.0 4 hours LC50 for mice, rats, and hamsters

80 CX30000-Z001
Appendix 3 Data Material for Providing Information for "Manifest" for Product Disposal

Management No.
Generic name X-ray Irradiation System
Trade name MBR-1618R-BE
Category Quantity Unit Main component
(1) Waste metal 330 kg Mainly iron
185 kg Lead
10 kg Copper and its compounds (electric wires)

(2) Waste oil -- L Insulating oil

(3) Waste plastic 5 kg Mainly wire fixing materials

(4) Waste rubber 4 kg Mainly cooling hoses

(5) Waste glass/ceramics 1 kg Glass (X-ray tube)

(6) Other ( ) 6 kg Circulation liquid (15% ethylene glycol)


0.3 kg CFC (cooler)
Total weight 650 kg
Substances equivalent to None
industrial waste subject to
special control upon
disposal
Note on disposal and With PVC-coated wire
substances requiring With printed board
caution
With X-ray tube (with beryllium)
CFCs in the cooler (chiller)

・Main components of the X-ray tube


system High-voltage generator
Cooler
Tablet for controller operation
Wireless LAN router
Dosimeter

81 CX30000-Z001